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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 79-82, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005911

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemic features and pathogen spectrum distribution of diarrhea cases in Minhang District of Shanghai City so as to provide scientific evidence for developing prevention and control measures. Methods Surveillance on diarrhea was conducted in sentinel hospitals in Minghang District from 2018 to 2020. According to the quantity of outpatients in the monitoring hospital, the stool samples were collected by systematic sampling method according to the fixed interval proportion in the case queue which met the requirements of the monitored cases, and the pathogenic composition and epidemiological characteristics were analyzed. Results Among the 721 samples detected , 307(42.58%) were pathogen positive, The main positive bacteria was Vibrio parahaemolyticus, which accounted for 36.11%(39/108) among all positive bacteria.The main positive virus was norovirus GII, which accounted for 24.43%(75/307) among all positive virus. Positive cases were detected among all age groups. 81 positive cases (26.38%) were detected among 31-40 years old, with the highest detection rate. There was no difference in the positive detection rate between genders(χ2= 1.95, P = 0.16). The positive cases showed two peaks during the season of winter and spring. The positive rate of bacteria was highest in the third quarter and positive rate of viruses was highest in the first quarter. The mixed infection rate of bacteria and viruses was highest in the second quarter. Conclusions Diarrhea cases in Minhang District of Shanghai from 2018 to 2020 is caused by a variety of pathogens and related seasonality is obvious in Minghang District, Shanghai City in 2018-2020. It is necessary to take specific prevention based on various pathogens to reduce the incidence of diarrhea.

2.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 521-525, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984684

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study sought to describe our institutional experience of repeated percutaneous stellate ganglion blockade (R-SGB) as a treatment option for drug-refractory electrical storm in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM). Methods: This prospective observational study included 8 consecutive NICM patients who had drug-refractory electrical storm and underwent R-SGB between June 1, 2021 and January 31, 2022. Lidocaine (5 ml, 1%) was injected in the vicinity of the left stellate ganglion under the guidance of ultrasound, once per day for 7 days. Data including clinical characteristics, immediate and long-term outcomes, and procedure related complications were collected. Results: The mean age was (51.5±13.6) years. All patients were male. 5 patients were diagnosed as dilated cardiomyopathy, 2 patients as arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy and 1 patient as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The left ventricular ejection fraction was 37.8%±6.6%. After the treatment of R-SGB, 6 (75%) patients were free of electrical storm. 24 hours Holter monitoring showed significant reduction in ventricular tachycardia (VT) episodes from 43.0 (13.3, 276.3) to 1.0 (0.3, 34.0) on the first day following R-SGB (P<0.05) and 0.5 (0.0, 19.3) after whole R-SGB process (P<0.05). There were no procedure-related major complications. The mean follow-up was (4.8±1.1) months, and the median time of recurrent VT was 2 months. Conclusion: Minimally invasive R-SGB is a safe and effective method to treat electrical storm in patients with NICM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Female , Stroke Volume , Stellate Ganglion/surgery , Ventricular Function, Left , Cardiomyopathies/complications , Tachycardia, Ventricular/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Catheter Ablation
3.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 57-65, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984181

ABSTRACT

Lung is the largest organ of the respiratory system. During hypoxia, pulmonary cells undergo rapid damage changes and activate the self-rescue pathways, thus leading to complex biomacromolecule modification. Death from mechanical asphyxia refers to death due to acute respiratory disorder caused by mechanical violence. Because of the absence of characteristic signs in corpse, the accurate identification of mechanical asphyxia has always been the difficulty in forensic pathology. This paper reviews the biomacromolecule changes under the pulmonary hypoxia condition and discusses the possibility of application of these changes to accurate identification of death from mechanical asphyxia, aiming to provide new ideas for related research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asphyxia/pathology , Cause of Death , Hypoxia/pathology , Lung/pathology , Forensic Pathology
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2746-2753, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999020

ABSTRACT

Fourteen compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of 90% EtOH extracts of the dried fruits of Alpinia oxyphylla by silica gel, MCI, RP-18, Sephadex LH-20, TLC and semi-preparative HPLC column chromatography. Their structures were identified by HR-ESI-MS, UV, IR, NMR, ECD and X ray single crystal diffraction spectroscopic data as: (2R,5R,7R,10S)-2,7-dihydroxyl-eudesmane-3(4),11(12)-diene (1), α-rotunol (2), diketone I (3), (1S,4S,5R,7S)-1-hydroxyl-eremophilane-9(10),11(12)-diene-8-one (4), cyperusol A1 (5), (6R,9S,10S)-10-hydroxyl-11,12,13-trinor-cadinane-4(5)-ene-3-one (6), (2E,4E)-6-hydroxy-2,6-dimethylhepta-2,4-dienal (7), oxyphyllacinol (8), yakuchinone A (9), (5R)-5-hydroxy-1,7-diphenylhept-3-heptanone (10), (5S)-5-hydroxy-7-(4″-hydroxyphenyl)-1-phenylhept-3-heptanone (11), (5S)-5-hydroxy-7-(4″-hydroxyl-3″-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3-heptanone (12), 7-(4″-hydroxy-3″-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3,5-heptadione (13), bis-(2-ethylhexyl) terephthalate (14). Compounds 1-6 were sesquiterpenoids in which compound 1 is a new eudesmane sesquiterpenoid and compound 7 was a monoterpenoid. Compounds 8-13 were diarylheptanoids, and compounds 2-6 and 14 were isolated from A.oxyphylla for the first time. The experiments on H2O2 induced SH-SY5Y cells showed that compounds 2, 6, 7, 12 and 13 had neuroprotective effects at low and medium concentrations. In particular, compound 6 showed obvious neuroprotective effect at low, medium and high concentrations whose cell viability was higher than that of the positive control.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2754-2762, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999005

ABSTRACT

In this study, ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometer-MSE (UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE) combined with UNIFI analysis platform was used to rapidly analyze and identify the metabolites of hederagenins 3-O-α-L-rhamnosyl-(1→2)-[β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)]-α-L-arabopyranoside (Pulsatilla saponin D) and oleanolic acid 3-O-α-L-rhamnosyl-(1→2)-[β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)]-α-L-arabopyranoside (Pulsatilla saponin B7) and hederagenins 3-O-α-L-rhamnosyl-(1→2)-α-L-arabopyranoside (Pulsatilla saponin BD) in plasma and colonic tissue of normal and ulcerative colitis (UC) rats. The database and analysis methods were established based on the precise molecular weight of compounds, retention time, neutral loss and reported data, and then the final data were obtained by comparing with the blank control group, combining with the deviation and the cracking rule of the compound. The results showed that the glucoses, hydroxylation and dehydroxylation, methylation and demethylation, dehydrogenation, decarboxylation and hydrolysis of saponin D, B7 and BD occurred in the plasma and colon tissues of normal and UC model rats. This study will clarify the metabolic transformation of Pulsatilla saponins D, B7 and BD in rats, determine the prototype components and their metabolites that enter the body, and whether colon injury will affect their metabolism in vivo, so as to explore the possible anti-colitis effective components in the prototype or metabolites of Pulsatilla saponins D, B7 and BD. This experiment was approved by Animal Ethics Committee of Jiangxi Science and Technology Normal University (approval number: Y202227).

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1014-1023, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978767

ABSTRACT

According to the theory of 'Xingben Dazao' of Psoralea corylifolia Linn. (BL), the susceptible syndromes and biomarkers of liver injury caused by BL were searched. Rat models of kidney-yin deficiency syndrome (M_yin) and kidney-yang deficiency syndrome (M_yang) were established, and all animal experimental operations and welfare following the provisions of the First Affiliated Experimental Animal Ethics and Animal Welfare Committee of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (No. YFYDW2020017). The results showed that BL significantly decreased the body weight, water intake, and urine weight of M_yin rats and increase the organ indexes of the liver, testis, adrenal gland, and spleen and the expression of alanine aminotransferase (ALT). Meantime, BL significantly increased the urine weight of M_yang rats and decreased the expression of ALT and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining showed that BL could aggravate inflammatory infiltration of hepatocytes in rats with M_yin and alleviate liver injury in rats with M_yang. Metabolomics identified 17 BL co-regulated significant differential metabolic markers in M_yin and M_yang rats. Among them, 8 metabolites such as glutamine, quinolinate, biliverdin, and lactosylceramide showed opposite trends, mainly involving cysteine and methionine metabolism, tyrosine metabolism, tryptophan metabolism, purine metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism, glycerol phospholipid metabolism, glutamine metabolism, and other pathways. M_yin/M_yang may be the susceptible constitution of BL for liver damage or protection, which may be related to the regulation of amino acid metabolism and sphingolipid metabolism. The study can provide some experimental data support for the safe and accurate use of BL in the clinical practice of traditional Chinese medicine.

7.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 467-474, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986815

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients with small bowel tumors. Methods: This was a retrospective, observational study. We collected clinicopathological data of patients with primary jejunal or ileal tumors who had undergone small bowel resection in the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University between January 2012 and September 2017. The inclusion criteria included: (1) older than 18 years; (2) had undergone small bowel resection; (3) primary location at jejunum or ileum; (4) postoperative pathological examination confirmed malignancy or malignant potential; and (5) complete clinicopathological and follow-up data. Patients with a history of previous or other concomitant malignancies and those who had undergone exploratory laparotomy with biopsy but no resection were excluded. The clinicopathological characteristics and prognoses of included patients were analyzed. Results: The study cohort comprised 220 patients with small bowel tumors, 136 of which were classified as gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), 47 as adenocarcinomas, and 35 as lymphomas. The median follow-up for all patient was 81.0 months (75.9-86.1). GISTs frequently manifested as gastrointestinal bleeding (61.0%, 83/136) and abdominal pain (38.2%, 52/136). In the patients with GISTs, the rates of lymph node and distant metastasis were 0.7% (1/136) and 11.8% (16/136), respectively. The median follow-up time was 81.0 (75.9-86.1) months. The 3-year overall survival (OS) rate was 96.3%. Multivariate Cox regression-analysis results showed that distant metastasis was the only factor associated with OS of patients with GISTs (HR=23.639, 95% CI: 4.564-122.430, P<0.001). The main clinical manifestations of small bowel adenocarcinoma were abdominal pain (85.1%, 40/47), constipation/diarrhea (61.7%, 29/47), and weight loss (61.7%, 29/47). Rates of lymph node and distant metastasis in patients with small bowel adenocarcinoma were 53.2% (25/47) and 23.4% (11/47), respectively. The 3-year OS rate of patients with small bowel adenocarcinoma was 44.7%. Multivariate Cox regression-analysis results showed that distant metastasis (HR=4.018, 95%CI: 2.108-10.331, P<0.001) and adjuvant chemotherapy (HR=0.291, 95% CI: 0.140-0.609, P=0.001) were independently associated with OS of patients with small bowel adenocarcinoma. Small bowel lymphoma frequently manifested as abdominal pain (68.6%, 24/35) and constipation/diarrhea (31.4%, 11/35); 77.1% (27/35) of small bowel lymphomas were of B-cell origin. The 3-year OS rate of patients with small bowel lymphomas was 60.0%. T/NK cell lymphomas (HR= 6.598, 95% CI: 2.172-20.041, P<0.001) and adjuvant chemotherapy (HR=0.119, 95% CI: 0.015-0.925, P=0.042) were independently associated with OS of patients with small bowel lymphoma. Small bowel GISTs have a better prognosis than small intestinal adenocarcinomas (P<0.001) or lymphomas (P<0.001), and small bowel lymphomas have a better prognosis than small bowel adenocarcinomas (P=0.035). Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of small intestinal tumor are non-specific. Small bowel GISTs are relatively indolent and have a good prognosis, whereas adenocarcinomas and lymphomas (especially T/NK-cell lymphomas) are highly malignant and have a poor prognosis. Adjuvant chemotherapy would likely improve the prognosis of patients with small bowel adenocarcinomas or lymphomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Intestinal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Duodenal Neoplasms , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Lymphoma , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Constipation , Abdominal Pain , Retrospective Studies
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 689-699, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970538

ABSTRACT

The peeled stems of Syringa pinnatifolia(SP) is a representative Mongolian folk medicine with the effects of anti-depression, heat clearance, pain relief, and respiration improvement. It has been clinically used for the treatment of coronary heart disease, insomnia, asthma, and other cardiopulmonary diseases. As part of the systematic study on pharmacological substances of SP, 11 new sesquiterpenoids were isolated from the terpene-containing fractions of the ethanol extract of SP by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS) and proton nuclear magnetic resonance(~1H-NMR) guided isolation methods. The planar structures of the sesquiterpenoids were identified by MS, 1D NMR, and 2D NMR data analysis, and were named pinnatanoids C and D(1 and 2), and alashanoids T-ZI(3-11), respectively. The structure types of the sesquiterpenoids included pinnatane, humulane, seco-humulane, guaiane, carryophyllane, seco-erimolphane, isodaucane, and other types. However, limited to the low content of compounds, the existence of multiple chiral centers, the flexibility of the structure, or lack of ultraviolet absorption, the stereoscopic configuration remained unresolved. The discovery of various sesquiterpenoids enriches the understanding of the chemical composition of the genus and species and provides references for further analysis of pharmacological substances of SP.


Subject(s)
Syringa , Sesquiterpenes , Terpenes , Asthma , Chromatography, Liquid
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 555-561, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970492

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Simotang Oral Liquid in the treatment of functional dyspepsia in adults. "Simotang Oral Liquid" "Simotang" "Si Mo Tang" "Si Mo Tang Oral Liquid" were used for retrieval of the relevant papers from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Springer Link, and Web of Science from database inception to June 2021. Randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Simotang Oral Liquid in the treatment of functional dyspepsia in adults was screened out for Meta-analysis which was conducted in RevMan 5.3. A total of 16 RCTs were included. Meta-analysis showed that compared with the control group, Simotang Oral Liquid increased the total response rate and lowered the traditional Chinese medicine syndrome scores, serum cholecystokinin(CCK), serum nitric oxide(NO), and incidence of adverse reactions. However, the serum substance P(SP) had no statistical difference between the two groups. Simotang Oral Liquid is effective and safe in the treatment of functional dyspepsia in adults. However, this study has evidence and limitations, so the conclusions need to be further verified by large sample and multicenter clinical studies.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Databases, Factual , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Dyspepsia/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 177-191, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970367

ABSTRACT

Self-assembly refers to the spontaneous process where basic units such as molecules and nanostructured materials form a stable and compact structure. Peptides can self-assemble by non-covalent driving forces to form various morphologies such as nanofibers, nano layered structures, and micelles. Peptide self-assembly technology has become a hot research topic in recent years due to the advantages of definite amino acid sequences, easy synthesis and design of peptides. It has been shown that the self-assembly design of certain peptide drugs or the use of self-assembled peptide materials as carriers for drug delivery can solve the problems such as short half-life, poor water solubility and poor penetration due to physiological barrier. This review summarizes the formation mechanism of self-assembled peptides, self-assembly morphology, influencing factors, self-assembly design methods and major applications in biomedical field, providing a reference for the efficient use of peptides.


Subject(s)
Pharmaceutical Preparations , Peptides/chemistry , Amino Acid Sequence , Nanostructures/chemistry , Drug Delivery Systems
11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 43-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969841

ABSTRACT

This study collected epidemic data of COVID-19 in Zhengzhou from January 1 to January 20 in 2022. The epidemiological characteristics of the local epidemic in Zhengzhou High-tech Zone caused by the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant were analyzed through epidemiological survey and big data analysis, which could provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of the Delta variant. In detail, a total of 276 close contacts and 599 secondary close contacts were found in this study. The attack rate of close contacts and secondary close contacts was 5.43% (15/276) and 0.17% (1/599), respectively. There were 10 confirmed cases associated with the chain of transmission. Among them, the attack rates in close contacts of the first, second, third, fourth and fifth generation cases were 20.00% (5/25), 17.86% (5/28), 0.72% (1/139) and 14.81% (4/27), 0 (0/57), respectively. The attack rates in close contacts after sharing rooms/beds, having meals, having neighbor contacts, sharing vehicles with the patients, having same space contacts, and having work contacts were 26.67%, 9.10%, 8.33%, 4.55%, 1.43%, and 0 respectively. Collectively, the local epidemic situation in Zhengzhou High-tech Zone has an obvious family cluster. Prevention and control work should focus on decreasing family clusters of cases and community transmission.


Subject(s)
Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Epidemics , Incidence
12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 142-151, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969609

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of flavanomarein on the transcriptome of small intestinal organoids in insulin-resistant mice. MethodFirstly, small intestinal organoids of C57BL/6J and db/db mice were established. Ki-67 and E-cadherin expression was determined by immunofluorescence. Small intestinal organoids were divided into the following three groups: C57BL/6J mouse small intestinal organoids as the normal control group, db/db mouse small intestinal organoids as the model group (IR group), and db/db mouse small intestinal organoids treated with flavanomarein as the administration group (FM group). Western blot was used to detect the expression of glucagon-like peptide-1(GLP-1) protein on the small intestinal organoids of the three groups. Finally, transcriptome sequencing was performed on samples from the three groups. ResultOn the 6th day of small intestine organoids culture, a cyclic structure was formed around the lumen, and a small intestine organoids culture model was preliminarily established. Immunofluorescence detection showed that ki-67 and E-cadherin were expressed in small intestinal organoids. Western blot results showed that the expression of GLP-1 protein was increased by flavanomarein. In the results of differential expressed gene (DEG) screening, there were 1 862 DEGs in the IR group as compared with the normal control group, and 2 282 DEGs in the FM group as compared with the IR group. Through protein-protein interaction(PPI) network analysis of the DEGs of the two groups, 10 Hub genes, including Nr1i3, Cyp2c44, Ugt2b1, Gsta1, Gstm2, Ptgs1, Gstm4, Cyp2c38, Cyp4a32, and Gpx3, were obtained. These genes were highly expressed in the normal control group, and their expression was reduced in the IR group. After the intervention of flavanomarein, the expression of the above genes was reversed. ConclusionFlavanomarein may play its role in improving insulin resistance by reversing the expression levels of 10 Hub genes, including Nr1i3, Cyp2c44, Ugt2b1, Gsta1, Gstm2, Ptgs1, Gstm4, Cyp2c38, Cyp4a32, and Gpx3.

13.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 717-730, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982418

ABSTRACT

Animal survival necessitates adaptive behaviors in volatile environmental contexts. Virtual reality (VR) technology is instrumental to study the neural mechanisms underlying behaviors modulated by environmental context by simulating the real world with maximized control of contextual elements. Yet current VR tools for rodents have limited flexibility and performance (e.g., frame rate) for context-dependent cognitive research. Here, we describe a high-performance VR platform with which to study contextual behaviors immersed in editable virtual contexts. This platform was assembled from modular hardware and custom-written software with flexibility and upgradability. Using this platform, we trained mice to perform context-dependent cognitive tasks with rules ranging from discrimination to delayed-sample-to-match while recording from thousands of hippocampal place cells. By precise manipulations of context elements, we found that the context recognition was intact with partial context elements, but impaired by exchanges of context elements. Collectively, our work establishes a configurable VR platform with which to investigate context-dependent cognition with large-scale neural recording.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Rodentia , Virtual Reality , Cognition , Recognition, Psychology
14.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 767-773, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982025

ABSTRACT

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), with the main manifestations of bloody stool, abdominal distension, and vomiting, is one of the leading causes of death in neonates, and early identification and diagnosis are crucial for the prognosis of NEC. The emergence and development of machine learning has provided the potential for early, rapid, and accurate identification of this disease. This article summarizes the algorithms of machine learning recently used in NEC, analyzes the high-risk predictive factors revealed by these algorithms, evaluates the ability and characteristics of machine learning in the etiology, definition, and diagnosis of NEC, and discusses the challenges and prospects for the future application of machine learning in NEC.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Humans , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/therapy , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Prognosis , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Machine Learning
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3556-3564, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981487

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effect of Gualou Xiebai Decoction on rats with bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. The rats were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a low-dose Gualou Xiebai Decoction group(2.4 g·kg~(-1)), a high-dose Gualou Xiebai Decoction group(4.8 g·kg~(-1)), and pirfenidone group(150 mg·kg~(-1)). The model of pulmonary fibrosis was established by intratracheal instillation of bleomycin in all groups, except the control group. Since the second day of modeling, the corresponding drugs were given to rats by intragastric administration, once a day for 14 d and 28 d. The hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to evaluate the degree of inflammatory injury in lung tissues. The immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the expression of CD68 and CD163 in lung tissues of rats. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-10(IL-10) in serum and brochoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The expression of pyroptosis-related genes in lung tissues of rats was detected by qRT-PCR. The results of HE staining and immunofluorescence staining showed that the lung tissue structure was normal in the control group. In addition, there were alveolar collapse or even closure in lung tissues of rats in the model group, with obvious inflammatory cell infiltration, and the expression of CD68 and CD163 was significantly up-regulated. As compared with the model group, the lung tissue structure of rats in the Gualou Xiebai Decoction groups was significantly improved, with alleviated inflammation, and the expression of CD68 and CD163 was decreased. As compared with the control group, the level of TNF-α in serum and BALF of rats in the model group was significantly increased(P<0.01), the mRNA expression levels of alpha smooth muscle actin(α-SMA), collagen type Ⅰ alpha 1 chain(Col1a1), caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18, gasdermin D(Gsdmd), and NOD-like receptor thermal protein domain associated protein 3(NLRP3) in lung tissues were significantly increased(P<0.05, P<0.01), and the mRNA expression level of E-cadherin was significantly decreased(P<0.01). As compared with the model group, the level of TNF-α in serum and BALF was significantly down-regulated in the high-dose Gualou Xiebai Decoction group(P<0.05, P<0.01), and that of IL-10 was up-regulated(P<0.05, P<0.01). The mRNA expression levels of α-SMA, Col1a1, caspase-1, IL-18, Gsdmd, NLRP3 and IL-1β in lung tissues were significantly decreased(P<0.05, P<0.01) in the high-dose Gualou Xiebai Decoction group, and the mRNA expression level of E-cadherin was significantly increased(P<0.05, P<0.01). In conclusion, Gualou Xiebai Decoction can down-regulate the levels of inflammatory factors and related genes and effectively mitigate pulmonary fibrosis by regulating the pyroptosis pathways.

16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3327-3344, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981470

ABSTRACT

Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time of fight/mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) and UNIFI were employed to rapidly determine the content of the components in Liangxue Tuizi Mixture. The targets of the active components and Henoch-Schönlein purpura(HSP) were obtained from SwissTargetPrediction, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM), and GeneCards. A "component-target-disease" network and a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network were constructed. Gene Ontology(GO) functional annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were performed for the targets by Omishare. The interactions between the potential active components and the core targets were verified by molecular docking. Furthermore, rats were randomly assigned into a normal group, a model group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose Liangxue Tuizi Mixture groups. Non-targeted metabolomics was employed to screen the differential metabolites in the serum, analyze possible metabolic pathways, and construct the "component-target-differential metabolite" network. A total of 45 components of Liangxue Tuizi Mixture were identified, and 145 potential targets for the treatment of HSP were predicted. The main signaling pathways enriched included resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B(PI3K-AKT), and T cell receptor. The results of molecular docking showed that the active components in Liangxue Tuizi Mixture had strong binding ability with the key target proteins. A total of 13 differential metabolites in the serum were screened out, which shared 27 common targets with active components. The progression of HSP was related to metabolic abnormalities of glycerophospholipid and sphingolipid. The results indicate that the components in Liangxue Tuizi Mixture mainly treats HSP by regulating inflammation and immunity, providing a scientific basis for rational drug use in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , IgA Vasculitis/drug therapy , Network Pharmacology , Molecular Docking Simulation , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolomics
17.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 992-997, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995353

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the outcome and prognostic factors associated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC).Methods:PSC patients admitted to Xijing Hospital from May 2009 to May 2020 were included. Data of demographics, clinical symptoms, laboratory and imaging tests, and ERCP consultations were collected to explore the population characteristics and clinical efficacy of ERCP treatment, and to follow up disease progression, transplant-free survival, and overall survival .Results:A total of 74 patients with PSC were included in this study, with a median age of 53 years, 54.1% (40/74) male. Patients combined with bile duct dominant stenosis, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and another autoimmune liver disease were 32.4% (24/74), 18.9% (14/74), and 17.6% (13/74), respectively, and those undergoing ERCP were 36.5% (27/74). Logistic regression analysis showed that high total bilirubin ( OR=12.33, 95% CI: 1.24-122.63, P=0.032) and bile duct dominant stenosis ( OR=24.67, 95% CI: 3.40-178.88, P=0.002) were independent high-risk factors for ERCP consultation. The operation and clinical success rates of ERCP were both 96.3% (26/27). As of the last follow-up, the proportions of patients progressing to cirrhosis, bile duct cancer, liver transplantation and death were 9.5% (7/74), 4.1% (3/74), 5.4% (4/74) and 18.9% (14/74), respectively. The five-year survival rate of the follow-up patients ( n=54) was 83.3%. The differences in transplant-free survival ( P=0.933) and overall survival ( P=0.608) between ERCP patients and non-ERCP patients were not statistically significant. Transplant-free survival of those who were companied with pruritus ( HR=5.30, 95% CI: 1.50-18.90, P=0.010) was shorter. Conclusion:PSC patients have higher proportion of IBD and less autoimmune liver disease. Higher proportion of patients with higher total bilirubin or bile duct dominant stenosis receive ERCP. While the short-term efficacy of ERCP is satisfactory, the long-term prognosis is still suboptimal. Patients with pruritus have a shorter transplant-free survival.

18.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 520-525, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940996

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore potential categories of parental social support for young parents under the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic, and to examine correlations of different types of parents' social support with parental burnout.@*METHODS@#In April 2020, we conducted an online voluntary survey among young parents across China with scales and a self-designed questionnaire. The latent profile analysis method was used to analyze parents' received social support and perceived social support. The social support categories were taken as independent variables and parental burnout as dependent variables, and multiple regression analysis was carried out to explore the relationship between received social support, perceived social support and parental burnout. Finally, the moderating effect of resilience between social support groups and parental burnout was discussed.@*RESULTS@#The results of latent profile analysis revealed three potential types of received social support, namely isolate, normal, and multi-support and the proportions of the respondents with the three profiles were 14.1%, 78.0%, and 7.9%. Four potential types of perceived social support, namely, indigent, medium, affluent and divergent and the proportions of the respondents with the four profiles were 13.7%, 29.6%, 25.3%, and 31.3%. Among them, the parents with divergent perceived social support had more perception of social support from the couple, family and relatives, but less perception of social support from net-friend, social organizations and the government. Regression analysis showed that there was no statistically significant correlation between different profiles of received social support and parental burnout, and among the groups of perceived social support, there was a statistically significant correlation between indigent and divergent types of social support and parental burnout. The divergent parents had lower levels of parental burnout compared with indigent (β=-0.120, P=0.003). Also, resilience moderated the effect of divergent perceived social support and parental burnout. Compared with the parents with low resilience, the parents with high resilience perceived divergent social support with lower parenting burnout.@*CONCLUSION@#There are prominent latent types of received social support and perceived social support under epidemic. People with divergent perceived social support (more perceived supports from partner, family and friends) are prone to have a relatively lower risk of parental burnout. Parents with higher resilience will be more sensitive to the support of close acquaintances, and can better resist parental burnout.


Subject(s)
Humans , Burnout, Psychological/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Parents , Social Support
19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 549-555, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940887

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the acute and long-term outcome of catheter ablation for the treatment of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in patients with arrhythmogenic left ventricular cardiomyopathy (ALVC). Methods: This retrospective, cross-sectional study enrolled ALVC patients undergoing radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of VT at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2011 to December 2018 and collected their clinical characteristics and intraoperative electrophysiological examination. Patients were followed up every 6 months after radiofrequency ablation until August 2021. Echocardiographic results and VT recurrence post radiofrequency ablation were analysed. Results: Totally 12 patients were enrolled (mean age: (42±15) years, 11 males(11/12)). The mean of left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVDd) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were (51±5)mm and (65±5)%, respectively. Twelve VTs were induced in 10 patients during the electrophysiological study, and the mean tachycardia cycle length was (293±65) ms. Three-dimensional substrate mapping revealed the diseased area at endocardial site in one patient, at epicardial sites in the other 11 patients (involved endocardial sites in 2 cases) with the basal part near the mitral annulus being the predilection for the substrate (10/11). After the catheter ablation at the endocardial and epicardial sites respectively, the complete procedure endpoint was achieved in all patients (VT cannot be induced post ablation). The median follow-up time was 65 (25, 123) months. One patient was lost to follow-up, and the other 11 patients survived without VT. No significant cardiac function deterioration was detected by the echocardiographic examination ((51±5)mm vs. (52±5)mm, P>0.05 for LVDd, (65±5)% vs. (60±6)%, P>0.05 for LVEF) at the end of follow-up. Conclusion: After radiofrequency ablation, the complete procedure endpoint is achieved in ALVC patients, and the catheter ablation provides long-term ventricular tachycardia control during the long-term follow-up.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiomyopathies , Catheter Ablation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Pericardium/surgery , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Tachycardia, Ventricular/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left
20.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1102-1109, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954535

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine whether the blood urea nitrogen to serum albumin (B/A) ratio was a useful prognostic factor of mortality in the patients with acute non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (ANVUGIB).Methods:Totally 1 120 patients with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (VUGIB) admitted to the Emergency Department from January 2019 to December 2021 were prospectively and continuously collected and 449 eligible patients with acute non-varicose upper gastrointestinal tract were finally enrolled. The clinical data, laboratory tests and endoscopic results of the patients were recorded, and the data from the 30-day survival group and the non-survival group were compared and analyzed.Results:Significant differences were observed in age, mean arterial pressure, pulse rate, albumin levels, total protein levels, blood urea nitrogen levels, glucose, Glasgow-Blatchford score (GBS), Rockall, and AIMS65 scores between the survival and non-survival groups (all P <0.05). The B/A ratio in the non-survival group was significantly higher than that in the survival group [(24.9 ± 16.4) vs. (9.0 ± 8.6) mg/g, P<0.001]. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the best cutoff value of B/A ratio for predicting 30-day death was 32.08 mg/g, with a sensitivity of 0.776 and specificity of 0.823. There was a significant difference in the 30-day Kaplan-Meier survival curve between patients with B/A ratio ≥32.08 mg/g and those with B/A ratio <32.08 mg/g (Log Rank 32.229, P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the B/A ratio (≥32.08 mg/g) was associated with 30-day mortality ( OR=4.87, 95% CI: 1.94-6.85, P<0.001). Area under the ROC curve (AUC) for B/A ratio, GBS, Rockall and AIMS65 scores for predicting 30-day mortality were 0.855 (95% CI: 0.807-0.902), 0.849 (95% CI: 0.796-0.901), 0.657 (95% CI: 0.576-0.737), and 0.828 (95% CI: 0.774-0.883), respectively. Conclusions:The B/A ratio is a simple but potentially useful prognostic factor of mortality in the ANVUGIB patients.

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