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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 739-753, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971721

ABSTRACT

Hepatic cholesterol accumulation is an important contributor to hypercholesterolemia, which results in atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). ATP-citrate lyase (ACLY) is a key lipogenic enzyme that converts cytosolic citrate derived from tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA cycle) to acetyl-CoA in the cytoplasm. Therefore, ACLY represents a link between mitochondria oxidative phosphorylation and cytosolic de novo lipogenesis. In this study, we developed the small molecule 326E with an enedioic acid structural moiety as a novel ACLY inhibitor, and its CoA-conjugated form 326E-CoA inhibited ACLY activity with an IC50 = 5.31 ± 1.2 μmol/L in vitro. 326E treatment reduced de novo lipogenesis, and increased cholesterol efflux in vitro and in vivo. 326E was rapidly absorbed after oral administration, exhibited a higher blood exposure than that of the approved ACLY inhibitor bempedoic acid (BA) used for hypercholesterolemia. Chronic 326E treatment in hamsters and rhesus monkeys resulted in remarkable improvement of hyperlipidemia. Once daily oral administration of 326E for 24 weeks prevented the occurrence of atherosclerosis in ApoE-/- mice to a greater extent than that of BA treatment. Taken together, our data suggest that inhibition of ACLY by 326E represents a promising strategy for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 137-143, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960916

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of rutin on the browning of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and the mechanism. MethodCell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect the effect of different concentration of rutin (3.125, 6.25, 12.5, 25, 50, 100, 200 μmol·L-1) on 3T3-L1 cell activity, and Western blot to examine the effect of rutin (12.5, 25, 50 μmol·L-1) on the expression of thermogenesis-associated proteins uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1), PR domain containing 16 (PRDM16) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) in adipocytes. After the optimal concentration of rutin was determined, the effect of rutin on lipid droplet formation in adipocytes was observed based on oil red O staining, and the expression of nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF1), nuclear respiratory factor 2 (NRF2) and mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM), which were the landmark proteins of mitochondrial biosynthesis, was detected by Western blot. ResultCompared with the blank group, 200 μmol·L-1 rutin inhibited 3T3-L1 cell activity (P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, at the concentration of 12.5, 25, 50 μmol·L-1 rutin significantly promoted the expression of thermogenesis-associated proteins (UCP1, PRDM16, and PGC-1α) (P<0.01), which was determined as the optimal concentration. Compared with the blank group, 50 μmol·L-1 rutin significantly increased the immunofluorescence intensity of mitochondrial UCP1 protein in 3T3-L1 cells (P<0.01) and the expression of the markers of mitochondrial biosynthesis (NRF1, NRF2, and TFAM) (P<0.01). In addition, 50 μmol·L-1 rutin significantly inhibited lipid droplet formation of 3T3-L1 adipocytes (P<0.01). ConclusionRutin inhibited lipid droplet deposition in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and increased the expression of thermogenesis-related proteins (UCP1, PRDM16, and PGC-1α) and markers of mitochondrial biosynthesis (NRF1, NRF2, and TFAM), thereby inducing the browning of 3T3-L1 adipocytes. This lays a basis for the development of drugs that safely regulate the browning of white cells.

3.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 355-359, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984127

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the Nogo-P3 component of event-related potential (ERP) in the process of visual acuity processing, to provide electrophysiological evidence for objective evaluation of visual acuity.@*METHODS@#Twenty-six subjects with no other ocular diseases except for ametropia were recruited, and all subjects had uncorrected visual acuity both eyes 1/10 (evaluated using Monoyer chart). Block letter E with different visual angles and directions were used as graphic stimuli. The Go/Nogo paradigm was used for ERP studies. The visual angle of Go stimulation angle was 1°15', Nogo stimuli were 1°15', 55', 24' and 15'. The visual acuity test was performed on each of the two naked eyes separately in all subjects, and the characteristics of the Nogo-P3 component were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The latency of Nogo-P3 showed no difference between the stimuli of 1°15' and 55', and between Nogo stimulation angle 24' and 15'. There was significant difference between Nogo stimulation angle 1°15' and 24', and between Nogo stimulation angle 1°15' and 15' (P<0.05). There was significant difference between Nogo stimulation angle 55' and 24', and between Nogo stimulation angle 55' and 15' (P<0.05). No significant differences were observed in the Nogo-P3 amplitude among Nogo stimulation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In the Go/Nogo paradigm, Nogo-P3 can reflect the cognitive response of subjects to Nogo stimulation, which can be used for objective evaluation of visual acuity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electroencephalography , Evoked Potentials/physiology , Photic Stimulation , Reaction Time/physiology , Refractive Errors , Visual Acuity
4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1106-1113, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924785

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically evaluate the short-term efficacy and safety of robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy (RPD) versus traditional laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD), and to provide a reference for clinical research and practice. Methods Chinese and English databases such as PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang Data, and VIP were searched to include the cohort studies comparing the clinical efficacy of robot-assisted laparoscopy and traditional laparoscopy in pancreaticoduodenectomy. The quality of included articles was evaluated based on Cochrane systematic review, and Stata15.1 software was used to perform a meta-analysis of related outcome measures extracted. Results A total of 12 cohort studies were included, with 1630 patients in total, and there were 683 patients in the RPD group and 947 patients in the LPD group. The meta-analysis showed that there were significant differences between the RPD group and the LPD group in postoperative bleeding rate (odds ratio [ OR ]=0.66, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.48-0.91, P < 0.05), rate of conversion to laparotomy ( OR =0.41, 95% CI : 0.30-0.56, P < 0.05), estimated intraoperative blood loss (weighted mean difference [ WMD ]=-0.77, 95% CI : -1.33 to -0.22, P < 0.05), and length of postoperative hospital stay (WMD=-0.45, 95% CI : -0.80 to -0.11, P < 0.05). Country of publication might be one of the sources of heterogeneity in the incidence rate of postoperative complications between subgroups ( P < 0.05). Conclusion Compared with traditional LPD, da Vinci RPD can reduce postoperative bleeding rate, intraoperative blood loss and rate of conversion to laparotomy and shorten postoperative hospital stay, and meanwhile, it does not increase the operation time and the incidence rate of postoperative complications. Both surgical procedures are safe and feasible.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 724-728, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922989

ABSTRACT

TGR5 is a bile acid-activated G protein-coupled receptor and plays an important role in the physiological and pathological processes of the biliary system. This article describes the normal expression of TGR5 in the liver and bile duct under normal physiological conditions and its functions including the regulation of bile acid secretion and metabolism and cytoprotection. This article also summarizes the changes in the expression and function of TGR5 under pathophysiological conditions and the mechanism of TGR5 in affecting the development and progression of biliary tract diseases through inflammatory response and cell proliferation and apoptosis. TGR5 may be a potential target for the treatment of biliary tract diseases in the future.

6.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 410-414, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935881

ABSTRACT

To provide references for the diagnosis and treatment of congenital granular cell tumor (CGCT), by comprehensive analysis of the clinical data, histopathological and immunohistochemical results. Patients with CGCT were involede, from March 2015 to November 2020, at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. A total of 6 children, aged 3-16 days, 1 male and 5 female, 5 maxillary and 1 mandibular, with maximum tumor diameter of 6-70 mm, were included. The lesions of CGCT were single and connected to the alveolar ridge by a pedicle. The surface of the tumor was covered with a vascular network, and two cases had ulcers on the surface of the tumor. All 6 cases had the tumor removed surgically and there was no recurrence or metastasis in the follow-up visit. Although CGCT is rare, it is a benign tumor and generally does not recur or metastasize after surgery, and has a good prognosis. The prenatal imaging, clinical manifestations after delivery, pathological characteristics and immunohistochemical analyses may provide reference for early diagnosis and treatment of CGCT.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Diagnosis, Differential , Gingival Neoplasms/surgery , Granular Cell Tumor/surgery
7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 254-263, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943107

ABSTRACT

The incidence of diabetes has been on the rise as the result of lifestyle changes, especially the high-fat diet and reduced exercise. Thus, it has become a global public health problem and it is an urgent task to explore effective therapy. There has been an explosion of research on the relationship of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling pathways with diabetes complications and tumors, but the role of the pathways in the occurrence and progression of diabetes remains unclear. TGF-β signaling pathways can be activated by many factors, directly or indirectly leading to the apoptosis of islet β cells and insulin resistance (IR), and thus they are expected to become new targets for the treatment of diabetes. TGF-β-related signaling pathways involve AMP-activated proteinkinase (AMPK), protooncogene (c-Myc), Ski-relatednovel protein N (SnoN), Smad ubiquitination regulatory factor 1 (Smurf1), miR-335-5p, and other signaling molecules. They participate in the occurrence and development of IR, apoptosis of islet β cells, insulin secretion disorder, fibrosis of adipocytes, and metabolic disorder of adipocytes, and inhibit the browning of white adipose tissue, playing an important part in the pathological process of human diabetes. According to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the pathogenesis of diabetes is the deficiency of Qi and Yin, and the late stage is characterized by the syndrome of Qi deficiency, and Yang deficiency and blood stasis, which should be treated according to the principle of replenishing Qi and nourishing Yin, warming Yang and activating blood. It has been found that the efficacy of some Chinese medicinals and compound prescriptions on diabetes is closely related to the TGF-β signaling pathways. This paper reviews TGF-β-associated signaling pathways, elucidating the roles of them in pathogenesis of diabetes, and analyzes the relationship of TGF-β-associated signaling pathways with the effect of compound Chinese medicine prescriptions against diabetes. This study is expected to lay a theoretical basis for the research on the treatment diabetes.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 61-69, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940797

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the medicinal effect of total flavonoids of mulberry leaves on regulating liver lipid metabolism disorder in diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM) rats, and the mechanism based on liver peroxidase proliferators activate receptors-α (PPAR-α) and carnitine palmityl transferase-1 (CPT-1) proteins. MethodTotal flavonoids of mulberry leaves were extracted and purified by ethanol extraction + macroporous resin purification and then identified. T2DM rat model was induced by high fat diet (HFD) + streptozocin(STZ)method. Rats with blood glucose ≥ 11.1 mmol·L-1 were divided into three administration groups with the high dose (300 mg·kg-1), medium dose (150 mg·kg-1), and low dose (75 mg·kg-1) of total flavonoids of mulberry leaves for 8 weeks, respectively, to observe the weight and blood glucose of the rats. The pathological changes of rat livers were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Biochemical method was used to detect the levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) of blood lipid metabolism in rats. The messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and protein expressions of PPAR-α and CPT-1 were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. ResultAfter 8 weeks of intervention of total flavonoids of mulberry leaves, compared with the control group, the food intake, liver index, and fasting blood glucose of rats in the model group increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the food intake, fasting blood glucose, and liver index of rats in the administration groups decreased significantly (P<0.01). The results of HE staining showed that the liver tissue structure of rats in the control group was complete and there was no obvious abnormality. The model group showed vacuolar degeneration and inflammatory infiltration of hepatocytes of rats. There was no obvious abnormality in the liver structure of rats in the administration groups. The results of blood lipid showed that compared with the control group, the levels of TC, TG, and LDL-C increased significantly (P<0.01), but the level of HDL-C decreased significantly (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, the levels of TC, TG, and LDL-C decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01), whereas the level of HDL-C increased significantly (P<0.01) in the administration groups. The results of Real-time PCR showed that compared with the control group, the mRNA expression of PPAR-α and CPT-1 of rats in the model group decreased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the mRNA expressions of PPAR-α and CPT-1 of rats in the high-dose group increased significantly (P<0.01). The results of Western blot showed that compared with the control group, the protein expressions of PPAR-α and CPT-1 of rats in the model group decreased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the protein expressions of PPAR-α and CPT-1 of rats in the high-dose group increased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionTotal flavonoids of mulberry leaves can effectively reduce blood glucose and improve liver lipid metabolism disorder in T2DM rats. The total flavonoids of mulberry leaves could regulate lipid metabolism and play a hypoglycemic role by activating and regulating PPAR-α and CPT-1 proteins and promoting oxidative decomposition of fatty acids.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 105-112, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940426

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect and mechanism of Mori Folium extract on the glucose and lipid metabolism disorders in the liver of rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B/peroxisome proliferation-activated receptor α/carnitine palmitoyl transferase-1 (PI3K/Akt/PPARα/CPT-1) signaling pathway. MethodThe T2DM model was induced by the high-fat diet combined with the intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ). The model rats were randomly divided into a model group, a metformin (0.2 g·kg-1) group, and a Mori Folium water extract (4.0 g·kg-1) group according to blood glucose and body weight. In the 8-week administration, fasting blood glucose was measured at the same time every week. The histomorphological and fat changes in the rat liver were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and oil red O staining. The levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in the serum were measured by biochemical methods. Western blot (WB) was used to quantitatively detect the protein expression of p-PI3K,PI3K,p-Akt,Akt,PPARα,and CPT-1 in the rat liver. ResultAfter 8-week administration, the blood glucose of rats was higher in the model group than that in the control group (P<0.01), and lower in the Mori Folium water extract group than that in the model group (P<0.01). The results of HE staining showed that the liver tissue structure of the control group was complete, and the hepatocytes were arranged radially around the central vein, while the hepatocyte injury in the model group was obvious. Compared with the model group, the Mori Folium water extract group showed improved vacuolar degeneration and no lesions such as small bile duct hyperplasia. Oil red O staining showed that there was no obvious steatosis and necrosis in the hepatocytes of rats in the control group, and no lipid droplets in the hepatocytes were observed, while the model group showed increased lipid droplets. Mori Folium significantly reduced the lipid droplets in the liver. Biochemical analysis showed that the levels of TC, TG, LDL-C, AST, and ALT in the model group were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.01). The levels of TC, TG, LDL-C, AST, and ALT in the Mori Folium water extract group were significantly lower than those in the model group (P<0.05,P<0.01). WB showed that the protein expression of p-PI3K/PI3K, p-Akt/Akt, PPARα, and CPT-1 in the model group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01). Mori Folium water extract could increase the protein expression of p-PI3K/PI3K, p-Akt/Akt, PPARα, and CPT-1 (P<0.05 or P<0.01). ConclusionThe hypoglycemic mechanism of Mori Folium water extract may be related to the regulation of the PI3K/Akt/PPARα/CPT-1 signaling pathway.

10.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 81-86, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937182

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Our study aimed to make a propensity score matching (PSM) analysis on the clinical application of gastricjejunum pouch anastomosis (GJPA) and Billroth-II anastomosis after distal gastrectomy. @*Methods@#We collected clinical data from 249 patients who received distal gastrectomy from January 2016 to July 2020. According to the reconstruction method used, all patients were divided into the Billroth-II group and the GJPA group. Clinical data and operation complications were analyzed. @*Results@#The clinical characteristics of the 2 groups were comparable after PSM. In the Billroth-II group, the incidence rate of delayed gastric emptying was higher than that in the GJPA group. Fewer patients suffered reflux gastritis in the GJPA group. The RGB (residue, gastritis, and bile) scores related to the severity of bile reflux into the remnant stomach, gastritis, and residue were higher in the Billroth-II group. Postoperative nutritional status and Visick classification demonstrated that postoperative subjective feelings in the GJPA group were improved significantly. @*Conclusion@#The application of GJPA in reconstruction after distal gastrectomy is safe, economical, and reliable. This reconstruction improved the quality of life of patients. It is worth popularizing widely in clinical settings.

11.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 813-816, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984079

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the relationship between the frequency characteristics and response threshold of auditory steady-state response (ASSR), auditory brainstem response (ABR) and 40 Hz auditory event related potential (40 Hz AERP), and their application values in forensic medicine.@*METHODS@#Thirty volunteers with normal hearing (60 ears) were selected to perform pure tone audiometry (PTA) threshold and ASSR, ABR and 40 Hz AERP response threshold tests in the standard sound insulation shielding room, and the results were statistically analyzed by SPSS 22.0 software.@*RESULTS@#At 0.5 kHz and 1.0 kHz frequencies, the correlation between 40 Hz AERP response threshold and PTA threshold was good, which was better than that of ASSR and ABR response threshold. At 2.0 kHz and 4.0 kHz frequencies, the correlation between ASSR and ABR response thresholds and PTA threshold was good, which was better than that of 40 Hz AERP response threshold.@*CONCLUSIONS@#To evaluate the hearing at 0.5 kHz and 1.0 kHz frequencies, it is recommended to use 40 Hz AERP and ASSR to comprehensively assess the PTA threshold of the subjects. To evaluate the hearing at 2.0 kHz and 4.0 kHz frequencies, ABR and ASSR are recommended to assess the PTA threshold of subjects comprehensively. The combination of ASSR, ABR and 40 Hz AERP can improve the accuracy of hearing function evaluation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acoustic Stimulation/methods , Audiometry, Evoked Response , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Auditory Threshold/physiology , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem/physiology , Forensic Medicine , Hearing/physiology
12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 667-670, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877123

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the vitamin A status of children and adolescents aged between 6-17 years old in Chongqing, and to analyze the influencing factors of vitamin A deficiency, providing a scientific basis for nutritional improvement measures.@*Methods@#From 2016 to 2017, a multi-stage random sampling method was used to select approximately 1 508 children and adolescents aged between 6-17 years old from three rural and three urban locations in Chongqing. This study carried out a questionnaire survey and laboratory testing, and the statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 25.0.@*Results@#The mean vitamin A level was (1.45±0.42)μmol/L, while the prevalence of vitamin A deficiency and the subclinical deficiency rate were 0.46% and 13.46%, respectively. The binary Logistic regression analysis revealed that the following factors were associated with a lower risk of vitamin A deficiency:overweight and obese students(OR=0.51); students whose mothers had a high school education or above(OR=0.35, P=0.01); students from big cities; and higher quartile albumin levels (Q 3 and Q 4). Students who did not eat meat each day(OR=2.05), students aged 6-8 years old, and students with C-reactive protein in the third (OR=2.12) and fourth (OR=4.54) higher quartiles were at a higher risk of vitamin A deficiency.@*Conclusion@#The subclinical vitamin A deficiency rate was relatively high among children aged 6-17 years old in Chongqing. Measures including nutritional education, reasonable diets, and nutritionally fortified food or fortifiers should be used when necessary.

13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1248-1254, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904662

ABSTRACT

@#Kommerell's diverticulum is a rare congenital abnormal aortic development. The diverticulum can occur in both left and right aortic arches, from which an aberrant subclavian artery rises to the contralateral side. Only a small number of patients with Kommerell's diverticulum present symptoms. Dysphagia, dyspnea, chest discomfort and upper extremity blood pressure difference are common in adult patients. The risk of aortic dissection or aortic aneurysm rupture is higher in such patients than that in patients with normal aorta. Early surgical intervention is recommended to improve the prognosis. Treatment options include open surgical repair, hybrid operation and total endovascular repair. The choice of surgical method depends on the specific anatomy of patients, the patients' state and the preference of surgeons. This paper reviewed and summarized the surgical methods and early results of the treatment of Kommerell's diverticulum reported in the literature from 2015 to 2020.

14.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 748-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904560

ABSTRACT

At present, surgical and endoscopic interventions are mainly employed to treat ischemic-type biliary lesion (ITBL). Due to the disadvantages of single therapeutic strategy, high difficulty and expensive medical cost, it is urgent to identify a novel treatment option. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) has become potential seed cell for tissue and organ repair in regenerative medicine due to its high self-renewal capability, multi-directional differentiation potential, low immunogenicity and immunoregulatory effects, etc. Recent studies have demonstrated that MSC transplantation into ITBL animal models may not only home to the injured area, but also promote the repair of injured biliary tract tissues through anti-apoptotic and pro-angiogenic effect, which indicates that MSC transplantation is expected to become a new strategy for the treatment of ITBL. In this article, the biological characteristics of MSC, the mechanism and clinical application of MSC transplantation for ITBL were reviewed.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1233-1236, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886673

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the status of vitamin D deficiency and high blood pressure in primary and middle school students aged 7 to 17 years old in Chongqing, and to explore the correlation between vitamin D deficiency and high blood pressure in children and adolescents.@*Methods@#From 2016 to 2017, a total of 1 360 primary and middle school students, aged 7 to 17 years old, were selected from three rural and three urban sites in Chongqing using multistage stratified random sampling. This study carried out a questionnaire survey, and participants underwent a physical examination which included blood pressure and serum vitamin D assessments.@*Results@#The deficiency and insufficiency rates of vitamin D were 9.71%, and 62.57%, respectively. The high blood pressure rate was 25.88%. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age, economic status, waist circumference, BMI classification, and family history of hypertension, the risk of hypertension was 1.42 times that of the normal group (P<0.05), and the risk of high systolic blood pressure was 1.59 times that of the normal group (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The deficiency and insufficiency rate of vitamin D among children and adolescents aged 7 to 17 years old in Chongqing was high, and the phenomenon of high blood pressure was prominent. Students with vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency were more likely to have high blood pressure.

16.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 305-310, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985117

ABSTRACT

Objective The tests of three types of auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) were performed on normal young adults, to understand the frequency characteristics of different testing methods and the relationship between response threshold and pure tone audiometry threshold of different methods, and to discuss the forensic value of 3 types of AEPs to evaluate hearing function. Methods Twenty normal young adults were selected, their standard pure tone audiometry threshold, short-term pure tone audiometry threshold and the response threshold of 3 types of AEPs (tone burst-auditory brainstem response, 40 Hz auditory event-related potential and slow vertex response) at 0.5 kHz, 1.0 kHz, 2.0 kHz and 4.0 kHz were recorded. The relationship between the response threshold and standard pure tone audiometry threshold, short-term pure tone audiometry threshold of 3 types of AEPs at different frequencies as well as the differences between different types of AEPs were analyzed. Results The short-term pure tone audiometry threshold was higher than the standard pure tone audiometry threshold at each frequency. The response threshold and standard pure tone audiometry threshold of the 3 types of AEPs all had a certain correlation, and the response threshold of the 3 types of AEPs was higher than short-term pure tone audiometry threshold and standard pure tone audiometry threshold at each frequency. The differences in the differences between the response threshold and standard pure tone audiometry threshold of the 3 types of AEPs at different frequencies had statistical significance. Linear regression mathematical models were established to infer the standard pure tone audiometry threshold (hearing level) from response threshold (sound pressure level) of 3 types of AEPs of normal young adults. Conclusion When using response threshold of different types of AEPs to estimate pure tone audiometry threshold, conversion and correction are needed. Combined use of different types of AEPs could improve the accuracy of hearing function evaluation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Young Adult , Audiometry, Evoked Response , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Auditory Threshold , Evoked Potentials, Auditory , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem , Hearing
17.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e73-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833738

ABSTRACT

Background@#Bovine papilloma is a neoplastic disease caused by bovine papillomaviruses (BPVs), which were recently divided into 5 genera and at least 24 genotypes. @*Objectives@#The complete genome sequence of BPV type 15 (BPV Aks-02), a novel putative BPV type from skin samples from infected cows in Southern Xinjiang China, was determined by collecting warty lesions, followed by DNA extraction and amplicon sequencing. @*Methods@#DNA was analyzed initially by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using the degenerate primers FAP59 and FAP64. The complete genome sequences of the BPV Aks-02 were amplified by PCR using the amplification primers and sequencing primers. Sequence analysis and phylogenetic analysis were performed using bio-informatic software. @*Results@#The nucleotide sequence of the L1 open reading frame (ORF) of BPV Aks-02 was 75% identity to the L1 ORF of BPV-9 reference strain from GenBank. The complete genome consisted of 7,189 base pairs (G + C content of 42.50%) that encoded 5 early (E8, E7, E1, E2, and E4) and 2 late (L1 and L2) genes. The E7 protein contained a consensus CX2CX29CX 2 C zinc-binding domain and a LxCxE motif. Among the different members of this group, the percentages of the complete genome and ORFs (including 5 early and 2 late ORFs) sequence identity of BPV Aks-02 were closer to the genus Xipapillomavirus 1 of the Xipapillomavirus genus.Phylogenetic analysis and sequence similarities based on the L1 ORF of BPV Aks-02 revealed the same cluster. @*Conclusions@#The results suggest that BPV type (BPV Aks-02) clustered with members of the Xipapillomavirus genus as BPV 15 and were closely related to Xipapillomavirus 1.

18.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 871-872, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869776

ABSTRACT

The incidence of testicular infarction secondary to epididymal-orchitis is extremely low. It usually manifests as acute testicular enlargement and pain, which requires differentation with testicular tumors and testicular torsion. This article reported a case with 10 days unsatisfied conservative treatment. Scrotal exploration operation revealed no obvious formation of abscess cavity. Subdivision of spermatic cord sheath, testicular sheath reversal drainage, and testicular sheath decompression treatment were performed. The pain of the patient relieved significantly after surgery. No abnormality was recorded within 6 months follow-up.

19.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 396-401, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857770

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the bacteriostatic efficacy of diclofenac sodium eye drops and to explore the reasonable dose of benzalkonium chloride, ethylparaben and thimerosal in diclofenac sodium eye drops. METHODS: According to the method of bacteriostatis effect test in 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (Ch.P),and Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pesudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger as test strains,the bacteriostatis effect of diclofenac sodium eye drops from 10 batches of the samples was determined. Also, the concentration gradient of benzalkonium chloride, ethylparaben and thimerosal in diclofenac sodium eye drops was designed to investigate the optimum bacteriostatic concentration. RESULTS: The samples from 3 manufacturers could reach level B, no sample could reach level A,and those from 7 manufacturers did not comply with the specification. When the concentration of thimerosal was 0.01 mg•mL-1 and the concentration of ethylparaben was 0.3 mg•mL-1 in diclofenac sodium eye drops, the bacteriostatic efficacy could reach level B. When the concentration of benzalkonium chloride was 0.01 mg•mL-1, the bacteriostatic efficacy could reach level A. CONCLUSION: The bacteriostatis effect of diclofenac sodium eye drops from 10 batches of the samples is not good, It is recommended that these manufacturers should optimize the type and concentration of antimicrobial agents and optimize their formulation based on both biological tests and physical-chemical tests to ensure drug safety.

20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 648-654, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941153

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the safety and efficacy of bivalirudin versus unfractionated heparin during perioperative period of percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI) in real-world. Methods: A total of 13 097 serial patients who underwent PCI from January 2016 to November 2018 in the Northern Theater Command were enrolled in the present study. Patients were stratified as the bivalirudin group or the heparin group according to antithrombotic therapy during PCI. The primary efficiency endpoint was 30-day net adverse clinical event(NACE), defined as all-cause death, re-infarction, urgent target lesion revascularization (uTLR), stroke or any bleeding. The second efficiency endpoint was 30-day major cardiac and cerebral events (MACCE), defined as all-cause death, re-infarction, uTLR and stroke. Additional end points included the rates of stent thrombosis at 30 days. Propensity scores included clinical and demographic variables, with 1∶2 matching. Compared the incidence of events above between the two groups before and after matching. Results: Among the 13 097 included patients(age was (61±10) years old), 3 421 (26.1%) were female. And 2 734 patients were divided into the bivalirudin group, and 10 363 patients to the heparin group(5 468 after matching). Before propensity score matching, patients in bivalirudin group were older and received higher levels of CRUSADE score than heparin group. These patients were more likely to have hypertension and more with ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes(all P<0.05). After propensity score matching, the incidence of 30-day NACE(3.8%(103/2 734) vs.5.0%(271/5 468), P=0.015) and any bleeding (2.0%(54/2 734) vs. 2.8%(151/5 468), P=0.032) in the bivalirudin group were lower than that in the heparin group, but the incidence of MACCE (1.9%(51/2 734) vs. 2.3%(127/5 468), P=0.180) and stent thrombosis (0.1%(2/2 734) vs. 0.1%(3/5 468), P=1.000) were comparable between the two groups. Conclusion: The risk of bleeding and the incidence of NACE are significantly lower for patients using bivalirudin during perioperative period of PCI compared to heparin, without significant differences in ischemic events.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Heparin/therapeutic use , Hirudins , Peptide Fragments , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Perioperative Period , Recombinant Proteins , Treatment Outcome
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