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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922578

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effects of interactive dynamic scalp acupuncture (IDSA), simple combination therapy (SCT), and traditional scalp acupuncture (TSA) on cognitive function, depression and anxiety in patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment.@*METHODS@#A total of 660 patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment who were admitted to 3 hospitals in Shenzhen City between May 2017 and May 2020 were recruited and randomly assigned to the IDSA (218 cases), SCT (222 cases) and TSA groups (220 cases) according to a random number table. All the patients received conventional drug therapy for cerebral stroke and exercise rehabilitation training. Scalp acupuncture and computer-based cognitive training (CBCT) were performed simultaneously in the IDSA group, but separately in the morning and in the afternoon in the SCT group. The patients in the TSA group underwent scalp acupuncture only. The course of treatment was 8 weeks. Before treatment (M0), 1 (M1) and 2 months (M2) after treatment, as well as follow-up at 1 (M3) and 2 months (M4), the cognitive function of patients was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA) Scales; depression, anxiety, sleep quality, and self-care ability of patients were assessed using Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Modified Barthel Index (MBI), respectively. During this trial, all adverse events (AEs) were accurately recorded.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the MMSE, MoCA, HAMD, HAMA, PSQI, and MBI scores among the 3 groups at M0 (all P>0.05). In the IDSA group, the MMSE, MoCA and MBI scores from M2 to M4 were significantly higher than those in the SCT and TSA groups, while the HAMD, HAMA and PSQI scores were significantly reduced (all P<0.01). The changes of all above scores (M2-M0, M4-M0) were significantly superior to those in the SCT and TSA groups (all P<0.01, except M4-M0 of HAMD). At M2, the severity of MMSE, HAMD, HAMA, PSQI and MBI in the IDSA group was significantly lower than that in the SCT and TSA groups (all P<0.01). There was no serious AE during this trial.@*CONCLUSIONS@#IDSA can not only significantly improve cognitive function, but also reduce depression, anxiety, which finally improves the patient's self-care ability. The effect of IDSA was significantly better than SCT and TSA. (Trial registration No. ChiCTR1900027206).


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Anxiety/therapy , Cognition , Depression/therapy , Humans , Scalp , Sleep Quality , Stroke/therapy , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922535

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#In traditional Chinese medicine, the herbal pair, Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae (RAB) and Eucommiae Cortex (EC), is widely used to treat osteoporosis. Herein, we determined whether this herbal pair can be used to ameliorate glucocorticoid (GC)-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) and find its optimal dosage in zebrafish.@*METHODS@#The characteristics of the aqueous extract of RAB and EC were separately characterized using high-performance liquid chromatography. Osteoporosis was induced in 5-day post-fertilization zebrafish larvae by exposing them to 10 μmol/L dexamethasone (Dex) for 96 h. Seven combinations of different ratios of RAB and EC were co-administered. Treatment efficacy was determined by calculating zebrafish vertebral area and sum brightness, via alizarin red staining, and by detecting alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to test the optimal dosage ratio.@*RESULTS@#According to the Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015), β-ecdysone (β-Ecd) is a major bioactive marker in RAB extract, while pinoresinol diglucoside (PDG) is the major marker in EC extract. Both of β-Ecd and PDG content values aligned with the Chinese Pharmacopoeia standards. Treatment with 10 μmol/L Dex reduced zebrafish vertebral area, sum brightness, and ALP activity, but RAB and EC attenuated these effects. Combining 50 µg/mL RAB and 50 µg/mL EC was optimal for preventing GIOP in zebrafish. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to evaluate the mRNA expression of osteogenesis-related genes. A treatment of 10 μmol/L Dex decreased runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1), bone γ-carboxyglutamic acid-containing protein (BGLAP), and β-catenin levels. This effect was counteracted by RAB and EC co-treatment (P < 0.05). Additionally, the effect of using the two herbal extracts together was better than single-herb treatments separately. These results demonstrated that RAB and EC preserve osteoblast function in the presence of GC. The best mass ratio was 1:1.@*CONCLUSION@#RAB and EC herbal pair could ameliorate GC-induced effects in zebrafish, with 1:1 as the optimal dosage ratio.


Subject(s)
Animals , Glucocorticoids , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Osteogenesis , Osteoporosis/prevention & control , Zebrafish
3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 203-208, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913112

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide re ference for accurate measurem ent of population health status ,pharmacoeconomic evaluation and guidance of health resource allocation. METHODS Using quota and convenient sampling ,five administrative villages were selected from the rural areas under the jurisdiction of Liuzhi special zone ,Qianxi city and Jianhe county of Guizhou province from July to September 2020. Based on the gender and age ratio quota of rural population in the results of the national census,330 respondents were selected for questionnaire survey. The contents of the questionnaire included the self-made scale containing sociodemographic characteristics and general health information ,five-level EuroQoL five-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L,hereinafter referred to as the “new dimension scale ”)with cognitive dimensions (including attention ,memory, computing ability and learning ability )and mini-mental state examination (MMSE). The effects of reliability ,validity and new dimensions of new dimension scale on respond ents’quality of life were investigate ,and its measurement characteristics were verified;the application value of it in pharmacoeconomic hy_cheer@126.com evaluation and guiding the allocation of health resources were explored. RESULTS A total of 330 questionnaires weredistributed,320 were recovered and 320 were effective. The recovery rate and effective rate were 96.97% and 100% respectively. The ceiling effect of new dimension scale was 13.44%,the split-half reliability was 0.821,and the overall Cronbach ’s α was 0.852. Exploratory factor analysis showed that the new dimension scale was loaded with physiological ,cognitive and psychological factors ,and the cumulative contribution rate was 69.35%. The correlation coefficient between the new dimension and the dimension of MMSE scale were 0.19-0.61,showing a moderate or medium to strong correlation (P<0.01). Compared with EQ- 5D-5L,after adding each dimension ,the interpretation ability of the regression model was improved by 5.00%-17.50%. CONCLUSIONS The new dimension scale has high feasibility ,good reliability and validity ,significantly reduces the ceiling effect of EQ- 5D-5L,has higher sensitivity to the evaluation of people ’s quality of life,and can better evaluate the quality of life of rural population. It is suggested that it can be applied for quality of life evaluation,intervention effect analysis and related economic evaluation.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928049

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the effect of Euphorbiae Pekinensis Radix(EPR) on intestinal flora structure before and after vinegar processing and explored the detoxification mechanism of vinegar-processed EPR. In this study, the extraction efficiency of casbane diterpenes from EPR with different solvents was investigated, and the optimal solvent was selected to enrich these components. After 14 days of intragastric administration of total diterpene extract of EPR and vinegar-processed EPR, 16 S rDNA sequencing technology was used to detect the structural changes of intestinal flora. The flora related to the intestinal toxicity of EPR was screened out based on the results of intestinal pathological damage by correlation analysis. The results showed that Soxhlet extraction with chloroform as extraction solvent could enrich Casbane diterpenes in EPR. As revealed by 16 S rDNA sequencing results, EPR could significantly change the structure of intestinal flora, which could be reversed by vinegar-processing EPR. Some intestinal flora candidates might be related to detoxification of vinegar processing. The correlation analysis of intestinal flora candidates and indexes related to intestinal mucosal injury showed that compared with EPR, vinegar-processed EPR could down-regulate the abundance of some pathogenic bacteria such as Mucispirillum, Bilophila, and Ruminiclostridium, and up-regulated some probiotics such as Enterorhabdus, Ruminococcaceae_UCG-014, Barnesiella, and Candidatus. The intestinal toxicity caused by EPR may be related to the disturbance of intestinal flora, and vinegar-processed EPR can improve intestinal flora disorder by up-regulating the abundance of probiotics and down-regulating the abundance of pathogenic bacteria to remodel the intestinal mucosal barrier and reduce toxicity.


Subject(s)
Acetic Acid/chemistry , Colon , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Plant Roots
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928031

ABSTRACT

Based on the Drugdataexpy and the prescription modern application database, this study explored the formulation regularity of ancient and modern prescriptions for the treatment of sinusitis. The Chinese medicinal prescriptions for the treatment of sinusitis with various syndromes were retrieved from the above databases and the corresponding formulation regularity was investigated by frequency analysis, association rule analysis, and factor analysis. Eighty-seven Chinese medicinal prescriptions were included, involving five syndrome types of sinusitis and 160 Chinese medicine, which were mainly effective in releasing exterior, clearing heat, and tonifying deficiency, and acted on the lung meridian due to cold and warm nature and pungent and bitter flavor or on the spleen meridian due to warm nature and pungent flavor. Seventeen core Chinese medicine were screened out by topological data analysis, including Angelicae Dahuricae Radix, Magnoliae Flos, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Xanthii Fructus, and Scutellariae Radix. Chinese medicine such as Magnoliae Flos, Angelicae Dahuricae Radix, and Xanthii Fructus were commonly used in the treatment of sinusitis of wind-heat in the lung meridian, while the combination of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Magnoliae Flos, Angelicae Dahuricae Radix, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, etc. was the key compatibility in treating sinusitis of dampness-heat in the spleen and stomach. Six common factors were extracted from the factor analysis of the above two syndrome types. The findings indicate that the exterior-releasing, heat-clearing, and deficiency-tonifying Chinese medicine with cold and warm nature and pungent flavor are preferential options for the clinical treatment of sinusitis. Treatment should be based on syndrome differentiation and key therapeutic principles should be followed.


Subject(s)
Data Mining , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meridians , Rhizome , Sinusitis/drug therapy
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1245-1251, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924735

ABSTRACT

Hyaluronic acid is widely used in biomaterials, cosmetics, clinical medicine and other fields due to its good biocompatibility, degradability, hydrophilicity, tumor targeting, viscosity and other characteristics. Pharmacodynamic activities of natural small molecular products which derived from traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) are significant, but their low solubility and poor targeting limit the clinical application. Based on supramolecular properties of hyaluronic acid, in this review, numerous studies were reviewed on the improvement of solubility, bioavailability, targeting and suitable dosage forms of small molecular compounds in TCM by domestic and foreign scholars using hyaluronic acid as carrier. It provides new ideas and inspirations for exploring the potential application value of small molecule compounds in TCM and even for the research and development of new drugs.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 653-660, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922998

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide the suggestions for improving t he enthusiasm of the public to report adverse drug reactions (ADRs),promoting pharmaceutical manufacturers to improve the smoothness of ADR reporting channels by the public and the enthusiasm of assuming the main responsibility for drug safety ,and to provide reference for the performance of drug safety supervision by regulatory departments in China. METHODS Taking 180 pharmaceutical manufacturers that had entered the top 1 000 in the world as the objects ,the questionnaire was prepared to investigate the smoothness of ADR reporting channels through 4 channels:contact number ,e-mail,official website and new media (including Wechat and microblog ) of enterprise . The questionnaire involved the establishment of public reporting channels ,the records and the feedback of enterprises. The existing problems were analyzed and suggestions were put forward. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS More than 70% of pharmaceutical manufacturers in China had established the channels for reporting ADR by the public ,which were mainly regular channels such as contact numbers and e-mail ,and each channel had the phenomenon that ADR information couldn ’t be reported. More than 60% of the public channels established by manufactures lacked inquiry and supplement for the miss ing part of th e reported information ; only 24 pharmaceutical manufacturers provided feedback on ADR information ,and the feedback contents were monotonous. gywf2021-11It is suggested that pharmaceutical manufacturers should pay more attention to ADR monitoring among the public ,consider increasing multiple reporting channels while ensuring the smoothness of channels ,strengthen the training of employee ’s information collection ability to improve the quality of information ,timely feed back the ADR information reported by the public , and increase the feedback content concerned by the public.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 911-919, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910673

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prospectively analyze the early clinical effects of 3D-printed porous metal cup with hip dual-mobility revision (HDR) system in treating severe acetabular bone defects.Methods:A total of 17 patients with severe acetabular defects (15 patients in Allan-Gross type 4 and 2 patients in type 5; 2 patients in Paprosky type 2B, 4 patients in type 3A and 11 patients in type 3B) who underwent revision hip arthroplasty between July 2019 and May 2020 were analyzed. There were 7 males and 10 females (mean age 67.3±9.3 years; range 42-80 years). The average body mass index was 22.2±3.8 kg/m 2 (range 17.7-33.3 kg/m 2). The preoperative mean leg length discrepancy (LLD) was 42.9±31.1 mm (range 10-160 mm) . One patient presented positive Trendelenburg sign. The follow-up duration was 12.1±3.0 months (range 6-16 months). The clinical and radiographic hip scores in all patients were evaluated. Results:The mean Harris Hip Score (HHS) was 31.2±11.3 points at preoperatively, 63.5±10.0, 68.7±10.4 and 70.2±10.1 points at 3 days, 7 days and 1 month postoperatively. At the latest follow-up, HHS was increased to 81.6±7.0 points. The outer cup mean abduction angle was 48.1°±10.6° and the mean inclination angle was 10.8°±6.0° postoperatively. The inner cup mean abduction angle was 45.0°±6.2° and the mean inclination angle was 10.8°±3.7°. The mean LLD decreased to 11.1±3.8 mm (range: 0-15 mm) after surgery. At the latest follow-up, all acetabular components were radiologically stable without displacement. No osteolysis or absorption was observed. There was no infection, loosening or nerve injury in all cases.Conclusion:During short-term follow-up, the 3D-printed porous metal HDR system can effectively enhance the stability of implants with satisfied quality of life. It can provide a good result for the revision of total hip arthroplasty with severe acetabular defects.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880504

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the mechanisms underlying the protective effect of Chinese herbal medicine Fructus broussonetiae (FB) in both mouse and cell models of Alzheimer's disease (AD).@*METHODS@#APP/PS1 mice treated with FB for 2 months and vehicle-treated controls were run through the Morris water maze and object recognition test to evaluate learning and memory capacity. RNA-Seq, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence staining were also conducted to evaluate the effects of FB treatment on various signaling pathways altered in APP/PS1 mice. To further explore the mechanisms underlying FB's protective effect, PC-12 cells were treated with Aβ@*RESULTS@#FB-treated mice showed improved learning and memory capacity on both the Morris water maze and object recognition tests. RNA-seq of hippocampal tissue from APP/PS1 mice showed that FB had effects on multiple signaling pathways, specifically decreasing cell apoptotic signaling and increasing AKT and β-catenin signaling. Similarly, FB up-regulated both AKT and β-catenin signaling in PC-12 cells pre-treated with Aβ@*CONCLUSIONS@#FB exerted neuroprotective effects on hippocampal cells of APP/PS1 mice, as well as improved cell viability in an in vitro model of AD. The protective actions of FB occurred via the upregulation of AKT/β-catenin signaling.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of scalp acupuncture combined with lower-limb intelligent feedback training and lower-limb intelligent feedback training alone for lower-limb motor dysfunction after stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 154 patients with lower-limb motor dysfunction after stroke were randomly divided into an observation group (76 cases, 6 cases dropped off) and a control group (78 cases, 8 cases dropped off). The patients in both groups were treated with conventional medication and exercise rehabilitation training. In addition, the patients in the observation group were treated with scalp acupuncture combined with lower-limb intelligent feedback training. The scalp acupuncture was given at upper 1/5 of the anterior oblique line of parietal temporal area and upper 1/5 of the posterior oblique line of parietal temporal area. The patients in the control group were treated with lower-limb intelligent feedback training alone. All the treatment was given once a day, 6 days a week, totaling for 8 weeks. The affected-side lower-limb Brunnstrom stage and modified Ashworth scale (MAS) grade, 6-minute walk test (6MWT), Berg balance scale (BBS) score and modified Barthel index (MBI) score were evaluated before and after treatment in the two groups. The plantar pressure was measured by gait function evaluation system.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the Brunnstrom stage in the two groups was improved after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#The scalp acupuncture combined with lower-limb intelligent feedback training could reduce the muscle tension of lower limbs, promote the separation movement mode of lower limbs, improve the plantar pressure distribution, and improve the balance ability and walking ability in stroke patients, and the curative effect is better than lower-limb intelligent feedback training alone.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Feedback , Humans , Scalp , Stroke/complications , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877601

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of interactive scalp acupuncture, scalp acupuncture alone and scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training for cognitive dysfunction after stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 660 patients with cognitive dysfunction after stroke were randomly divided into an interactive scalp acupuncture group (218 cases, 18 cases dropped off), a scalp acupuncture group (220 cases, 20 cases dropped off) and a scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training group (222 cases, 22 cases dropped off). All the patients were treated with routine medication and exercise rehabilitation training. The interactive scalp acupuncture group was treated with scalp acupuncture on the parietal midline, and contralateral anterior parietal temporal oblique line and posterior parietal temporal oblique line at the same time of cognitive training; the scalp acupuncture group was treated with scalp acupuncture alone, and the scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training group was treated with scalp acupuncture and cognitive training in the morning and afternoon respectively. All the treatments were given once a day, 6 times a week for 8 weeks. Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) scale score was used to evaluate the cognitive function before treatment, 4 weeks and 8 weeks into treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the total score of MoCA was increased after 4-week treatment and 8-week treatment in the three groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The interactive scalp acupuncture could significantly improve the cognitive function in patients with cognitive dysfunction after stroke, and the efficacy is superior to scalp acupuncture alone and scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cognitive Dysfunction/therapy , Humans , Scalp , Stroke/complications , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879152

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to elucidate the effective components of Shengxian Decoction and its mechanism of action in treating chronic heart failure. Firstly, UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS was established to identify the main chemical constituents in the rat serum after intragastric administration with Shengxian Decoction. Secondly, the absorbed components in serum were then used for the network pharmacology analysis to infer the mechanism and effective components. Targets for constituents in serum were predicted at TCMSP and Swiss-TargetPrediction database. An association network map was drawn by network visualization software Cytoscape 3.6.1. Finally, GO enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were carried out for the core target genes. By UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS, 18 prototype compounds were definitely identified, including five compounds from Astragali Radix, four compounds from Anemarrhenae Rhizoma, four compounds from Bupleuri Radix, four compounds from Cimicifugae Rhizoma, and one compound from Platycodonis Radix. Those components of Shengxian Decoction were closely associated with 13 key protein targets, including inflammatory factors, like IL6, IL1 B, TNF, PTGS2, IL10; redox enzymes CAT, HMOX1, and MPO; cardiovascular targets, like VEGFA, NOS3, and NOS2; and transmememial proteins CAV1 and INS. Network pharmacology analysis showed that the 18 compounds could be responsible for the treatment of chronic heart failure by regulating HIF-1 signaling pathways, PI3 K-Akt signaling pathways, cGMP-PKG signaling pathways, cAMP signaling pathways and TNF signaling pathways. This study provided a scientific basis for mechanism and effective ingredients of Shengxian Decoction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Heart Failure/genetics , Rats , Rhizome , Signal Transduction
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 708-715, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878092

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most aggressive cancers without effective therapy. To explore potential molecular targets in ESCC, we quantified the mutation spectrum and explored the relationship between gene mutation and clinicopathological characteristics and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression.@*METHODS@#Between 2015 and 2019, 29 surgically resected ESCC tissues and adjacent normal tissues from the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University were subjected to targeted next-generation sequencing. The expression levels of PD-L1 were detected by immunohistochemistry. Mutational signatures were extracted from the mutation count matrix by using non-negative matrix factorization. The relationship between detected genomic alterations and clinicopathological characteristics and PD-L1 expression was estimated by Spearman rank correlation analysis.@*RESULTS@#The most frequently mutated gene was TP53 (96.6%, 28/29), followed by NOTCH1 (27.6%, 8/29), EP300 (17.2%, 5/29), and KMT2C (17.2%, 5/29). The most frequently copy number amplified and deleted genes were CCND1/FGF3/FGF4/FGF19 (41.4%, 12/29) and CDKN2A/2B (10.3%, 3/29). By quantifying the contribution of the mutational signatures to the mutation spectrum, we found that the contribution of signature 1, signature 2, signature 10, signature 12, signature 13, and signature 17 was relatively high. Further analysis revealed genetic variants associated with cell cycle, chromatin modification, Notch, and Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription signaling pathways, which may be key pathways in the development and progression of ESCC. Evaluation of PD-L1 expression in samples showed that 13.8% (4/29) of samples had tumor proportion score ≥1%. 17.2% (5/29) of patients had tumor mutation burden (TMB) above 10 mut/Mb. All samples exhibited microsatellite stability. TMB was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis (r = 0.468, P = 0.010), but not significantly associated with PD-L1 expression (r = 0.246, P = 0.198). There was no significant correlation between PD-L1 expression and detected gene mutations (all P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Our research initially constructed gene mutation profile related to surgically resected ESCC in high-incidence areas to explore the mechanism underlying ESCC development and potential therapeutic targets.


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Esophageal Neoplasms/genetics , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Mutation/genetics
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 557-564, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873776

ABSTRACT

A quantitative analytical method based on HPLC coupled with the charged aerosol detector (CAD) for quantitative analysis of multi-components with a single marker (QAMS) was established for simultaneous determinations of astragaloside Ⅰ, astragaloside Ⅱ, astragaloside Ⅳ, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, formononetin and 7,2'-dihydroxy-3',4'-dimethoxyisoflavan in Astragalus membranaceus. The separation was performed on an Agilent SB-C18 (150 mm×4.6 mm, 3.5 μm), with gradient elution using the mobile phase consisting of 0.05% formic acid solution and 0.05% formic acid acetonitrile at the flow rate of 1.0 mL·min-1. The column temperature was 35 ℃, and the injection volume was 20 μL. For CAD, the drift tube temperature was at 50 ℃. The contents of six components in A. membranaceus were determined by both external standard method (ESM) and QAMS, and then were compared. The results showed that chromatographic peaks were separated well and the linear ranges of astragaloside Ⅰ, astragaloside Ⅱ, astragaloside Ⅳ, calycosin-7-glucoside, formononetin and 7,2'-dihydroxy-3',4'-dimethoxyisoflavan were 0.113-2.250 mg·mL-1, 0.012-0.240 mg·mL-1, 0.004-0.080 mg·mL-1, 0.065-1.300 mg·mL-1, 0.005-0.100 mg·mL-1 and 0.007-0.150 mg·mL-1, respectively. The content ranges of astragaloside Ⅰ, astragaloside Ⅱ, astragaloside Ⅳ, calycosin-7-glucoside, formononetin and 7,2'-dihydroxy-3',4'-dimethoxyisoflavan were 0.306-0.922 mg·g-1, 0.053-0.183 mg·g-1, 0.015-0.092 mg·g-1, 0.069-0.823 mg·g-1, 0-0.098 mg·g-1 and 0.020-0.107 mg·g-1 in 20 batches of A. membranaceus, respectively. Using astragaloside Ⅱ as an internal reference, the relative correlation factors of astragaloside Ⅰ, astragaloside Ⅳ, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, formononetin, and 7,2'-dihydroxy-3',4'-dimethoxyisoflavan were calculated as 0.561, 0.835, 0.299, 0.796, and 0.799, respectively. The results were compared with those obtained by the external standard method to verify the feasibility, rationality and repeatability of QAMS method, and there was no significant difference in assay results between the two methods. In conclusion, the QAMS method is accurate and feasible, and could be used to determine the contents such as astragaloside Ⅰ, astragaloside Ⅱ, astragaloside Ⅳ, calycosin-7-glucoside, formononetin and 7,2'-dihydroxy-3',4'-dimethoxyisoflavan, and it can be used for quality control of A. membranaceus.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 244-256, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872604

ABSTRACT

Network pharmacological approaches were used to predict the components, targets and pathways of Erhuang decoction (EhD) in the treatment of acute lung injury (ALI). The SwissTargetPrediction platform, DisGeNET, Therapeutic Target Database (TTD), GeneCards and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) databases were used to predict potential targets of EhD and were integrated with the predicted targets for the treatment of ALI. A protein-protein interaction network model was constructed by using String database and Cytoscape software; the DAVID platform was used for Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis. A network of drug components-targets-pathways was constructed by Cytoscape software and the SwissDock platform was used to dock the molecules of EhD found in blood with the key disease targets. An ALI model was established in mice and inflammatory factor detection and Western blot protein expression experiments with lung tissue sections were carried out to verify the effect of EhD in the treatment of ALI. Animal experiment ethical requirements were approved by the Ethical Committee Experimental Animal Center of Shandong University (Grant Number: 2016020). We identified 148 potential targets including signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), vascular endothelial cell growth factor A (VEGFA), RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1), and nuclear factor-kappa B/p65 (RELA). The potential targets are largely associated with the biological processes of inflammation, oxidative stress, and apoptosis. Additional pathways relate to cancer, VEGF signaling, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling, and Toll-like receptors (TLRs) signaling, along with other signaling pathways. Pharmacodynamic experiments showed that EhD could significantly reduce the content of inflammatory factors and the degree of lung injury of ALI mice. Western blot revealed that EhD could significantly decrease the expression of NF-κB/p65 and upregulate the expression of NF-kappa-B inhibitor alpha (IκBα). From the perspective of network pharmacology, the mechanisms of EhD in the treatment of ALI is consistent with the characteristics of multiple ingredients, multiple targets and multiple pathways. This research provides a reference for further study of the mechanism of this traditional Chinese medicine.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908007

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify clinical characteristics of slit ventricle syndrome (SVS) in children, thus improving pediatricians′ understanding of pediatric SVS.Methods:Clinical data of children diagnosed as SVS in the Emergency Department of Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from June 2015 to May 2019 were collected and retrospectively analyzed.Results:A total of 10 children with SVS were included, including 3 cases of arachnoid cyst, 3 cases of congenital hydrocephalus, 2 cases of Dandy-Walker syndrome, 1 case of idiopathic intracranial hypertension syndrome, and 1 case of hydrocephalus secondary to intracranial hemorrhage as the primary disease.The age of first shunting, and that at diagnosis of SVS were 1.3 (0.3-12.8) years, and 9.9 (3.8-13.3) years, respectively.SVS-associated symptoms appeared in 4.4 (0.5-12.0) years after shunting, including intermittent headache (10/10 cases), vomiting (10/10 cases), irritability (4/10 cases), seizures (5/10 cases), diminution of vision (2/10 cases), and intracranial hypertension (10/10 cases) at varying severities.When SVS occurred, the cerebral ventricle presented slit-like morphology.Three cases were relieved with mannitol treatment and 7 cases were treated with emergency lumbar-peritoneal shunt after mannitol failure.During 1-5 years of follow-up, 9 patients did not have SVS-associated symptoms and 1 case with medical therapy had recurrences.Conclusions:SVS is a rare complication after shunt surgery, with the clinical manifestations of intermittent headache and slow valve refilling conforming; imaging showed that the cerebral ventricle was slit-like morphology.When there are signs of intracranial hypertension after shunting and there is no cerebral ventricle dilatation in imaging, SVS should be highly vigilant.Once SVS is confirmed, surgical intervention should be introduced as early as possible after treatment failure of medication, so as to improve the prognosis.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3345-3352, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906834

ABSTRACT

Huang-Qin is a traditional Chinese medicine with antiviral, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities. Its major bioactive compounds are diverse flavone O-glucuronides and glucosides. Although three flavonoid O-glycosyltransferases have been identified from S. baicalensis, this information is not sufficient to elucidate the structural diversity of flavonoid glycosides. In this study, nine glycosyltransferase candidate genes were discovered from S. baicalensis by BLAST analysis and their functions were characterized after heterologous expression. Three new flavone O-glycosyltransferases were able to catalyze the formation of major compounds in S. baicalensis, including baicalin and wogonoside. These enzymes could also utilize exogenous flavones as sugar acceptors. This work further elucidates biosynthetic pathways for Scutellaria flavonoid O-glycosides.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2987-2993, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906779

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the potential mechanism of Salvia miltiorrhiza in the treatment of postoperative abdominal adhesion (PAA). METHODS :Active components and target genes of S. miltiorrhiza were retrieved from TCMSP database,SwissADME database ,Perl database ,UniProt database and other databases. GeneCards ,OMIM and PubMed database were used to retrieve target genes related to PAA. Venn diagram was drawn by using mapping tool of bioinformatic online database so as to screen the intersecting targets of active component-PAA. STRING platform was adopted to establish target network related to active component-PAA and protein-protein interaction (PPI)network of intersecting targets ,etc.,and to screen hub genes. Gene ontology(GO)and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genom es(KEGG)pathway enrichment were carried out by using R 3.6.1 software. Using the protein encoded by hub gene as receptor and tanshinone Ⅱ A as ligand ,the molecular docking was carried out with AutoDock 1.5.6 tool. RESULTS :A total of 38 active components of S. miltiorrhiza with high gastrointestinal absorption and their corresponding 72 targets,755 PAA-related target genes were identified. Results of Venn diagram showed that there were 33 intersecting targets of active components of chuqi90@163.com S. miltiorrhiza with PAA. Tanshinone ⅡA,dihydrotanshinolac- tone and other components may be important nodes of the target network related to active component-PAA. FOS,APP,ACHE, CASP3 and PTGS2 may be the hub genes in PPI network of intersecting targets. Results of GO enrichment showed that the intersecting targets were mainly concentrated in adrenergic receptor activity ,catecholamine binding ,G protein-coupled amine receptor activity and so on ;KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that the intersecting targets were mainly enriched in neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction ,cGMP-PKG signaling pathway ,endocrine resistance ,EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance and calcium signaling pathway.Molecular docking analysis showed that tanshinone ⅡA could form hydrogen bonds with many amino acid residues such as VAL- 580 of proto oncogenes c-Fos ,amyloid precursor protein ,acetylcholinesterase,caspase 3 and prostaglandin G/H synthase 2. CONCLUSIONS :The active components of S. miltiorrhiza play a role in the treatment of PAA by directly or indirectly acting on neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction ,cGMP-PKG signaling pathway ,endocrine resistance , EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance resistance and calcium signaling pathway.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906429

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect mechanism of Guilu Erxian gum on Alzheimer's disease (AD) from the perspective of regulating perivascular space (PVS),and to explore the scientific connotation of "essence generating marrow". Method:The 80 patients with AD diagnosed by western medicine and kidney deficiency and marrow empty syndrome diagnosed by traditional Chinese medicine were randomly divided into two groups,with 40 cases in each group. Both groups of patients were orally administered with cholinesterase inhibitor Alison,one tablet (5 mg) each time before sleep at night. On this basis,the control group additionally received placebo,while the treatment group was additionally treated with Guilu Erxian gum for 60 days. The Mini-Mental State Examination scale (MMSE), Wechsler Memory Scale and Activity of Daily Living Scale (ADL) were used before treatment (0 d),as well as 31 d and 61 d after treatment. The number and diameter of PVS in midbrain,basal ganglia,deep insular white matter and semiovale center were counted and their diameters were measured with use of nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for head. In addition,the curative effect was evaluated according to MMSE scores on 61 d. Result:There was no significant difference between the two groups 31 d. On 61 d,MMSE and WMS scores increased,while ADL scores decreased as compared with the conditions on 0 d(<italic>P</italic><0.01),and there were significant differences in the three indexes and clinical effective rate between two groups (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01) . In addition,there was no significant difference in the number of PVS as compared with the number before treatment and in the comparison between the two groups after treatment,but there was a significant difference in the diameter of PVS(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Guilu Erxian gum is effective in the treatment of AD,and it can improve the PVS diameter in patients,which may be related to the mechanism of "essence generating marrow ".

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906381

ABSTRACT

Angelicae Sinensis Radix, derived from a medicinal and edible plant Angelica sinensis, is one of the traditional bulk Chinese medicines. In addition to gynecological blood stagnation and deficiency, its indications also include dysmenorrhea, deficiency and cold-induced abdominal pain, and rheumatoid arthritis. With the in-depth study of Angelicae Sinensis Radix, its anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities have attracted widespread attention. However, there has been no systemic report. The present study comprehensively reviewed the anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of Angelicae Sinensis Radix (including its compositions, extracts, and different processed products) and mechanisms published in recent 30 years. The anti-inflammatory effect of Angelicae Sinensis Radix was achieved mainly by blocking the expression of proteins and genes in nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK), and Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signaling pathways, inhibiting the release of inflammatory mediators including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and IL-1β, and maintaining the high sensitivity of immune cells in the host to external stimuli. The mechanism of analgesic effect may be related to the suppression of the production of algesic substances (such as inflammatory factors and chemokines) or blocking of the amplification and transmission of pain perception in cascade reaction. Furthermore, the study also pointed out some problems in modern research and proposed suggestions on its future research to provide references for investigation and clinical applications of Angelicae Sinensis Radix.

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