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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940697

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the effect of icariin on the proliferative capacity of hepatocellular carcinoma cell line CLC5 and the underlying mechanism. MethodThe targets of icariin were screened out by network pharmacology, and the target network and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network were constructed to predict the possible targets and pathways of icariin. CCK-8 assay was employed to explore the effects of different concentrations (0, 6.25, 12.5, 25, 50 μmol·L-1) of icariin on the viability of CLC5 cells. Further, CLC5 cells were treated with 0, 25, 50 μmol·L-1 icariin, and the effect of icariin on CLC5 cell proliferation was examined by Edu-488 assay and clone formation assay (CFA). Western blot was employed to measure the expression levels of proteins in the protein kinase B (Akt)/glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β)/cell cycle-dependent kinase (CDK) pathway in the CLC5 cells exposed to different concentrations of icariin. ResultNetwork pharmacological analysis revealed that icariin may inhibit the hepatocellular carcinoma via cell cycle arrest and inhibition of tumor cell proliferation. Compared with the blank group, icariin decreased the viability of CLC5 cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manner (P<0.01) and reduced the positive rate of Edu-488 and the colonies in CFA (P<0.05, P<0.01). Moreover, icariin down-regulated the protein levels of p-Akt, p-GSK3β, CDK4, and CyclinD1 (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionIcariin may block cell cycle to suppress the proliferation of CLC5 cells via inhibiting the Akt/GSK3β/CDK pathway.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939775

ABSTRACT

Aberrant regulation of DNA methylation plays a crucial causative role in haematological malignancies (HMs). Targeted therapy, aiming for DNA methylation, is an effective mainstay of modern medicine; however, many issues remain to be addressed. The progress of epigenetic studies and the proposed theory of "state-target medicine" have provided conditions to form a new treatment paradigm that combines the "body state adjustment" of CM with targeted therapy. We discussed the correlation between Chinese medicine (CM) syndromes/states and DNA methylation in this paper. Additionally, the latest research findings on the intervention and regulation of DNA methylation in HMs, including the core targets, therapy status, CM compounds and active components of the Chinese materia medica were concisely summarized to establish a theoretical foundation of "state-target synchronous conditioning" pattern of integrative medicine for HMs, simultaneously leading a new perspective in clinical diagnosis and therapy.


Subject(s)
DNA Methylation/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hematologic Neoplasms/genetics , Humans , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934224

ABSTRACT

With the development of brain protection, management of aortic root and arch lesions, the surgical mortality of acute type A aortic dissection is gradually decreasing, and malperfusion syndrome(MPS) is becoming increasingly prominent as A major problem affecting the short-term efficacy of acute type A aortic dissection. Aortic dissection may lead to poor perfusion of various organs, among which brain, heart, abdominal organs, kidney, lower limbs and spinal cord are the most prominent, with a total incidence of about 30%. There was a significant difference in surgical mortality between aortic dissection with or without organ MPS. As the number of organs involved increased, the mortality rate increased significantly. Abdominal viscera, especially mesenteric malperfusion is the key point of the surgical attention. At present, the contents worth discussing are as follows : (1) the definition of organ malperfusion syndrome of aortic dissection; (2) accurate classification or classification of poor perfusion of each system; (3)establish a more accurate scoring system for preoperative risk assessment of aortic dissection; (4)Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair priority or time priority or individualization should be adopted for the management of organ perfusion syndrome.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923774

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate long non-coding RNA (lncRNA)-microRNA (miRNA)-messenger RNA (mRNA) interactions and identify the critical gene regulatory network during Schistosoma japonicum infections and praziquantel treatment using whole transcriptome sequencing. Methods A total of 110 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into the control group, the infection group and the treatment group. Mice in the infection treatment and the control group were infected with S. japonicum cercariae via the abdomen, and liver specimens were sampled from 10 mice 3, 6, 8 weeks post-infection. Praziquantel treatment was given to mice in the treatment group 8 weeks post-infection, and liver specimens were sampled from 10 mice 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 weeks post-treatment. Total RNA was isolated from mouse liver specimens, and the transcriptome library was constructed for highthroughput whole transcriptome sequencing. The significant differentially expressed genes were subjected to functional annotations, Gene Ontology (GO) terms enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. Correlation analysis of liver specimens was performed using R Corrplot and Himsc functions, and the lncRNAmiRNA-mRNA interaction network analysis was performed using R MixOmics and Himsc functions. Results There were 1 176 differentially expressed miRNAs, 5 270 differentially expressed mRNAs, and 2 682 differentially expressed lncRNAs between the infection group and the control group, 1 289 differentially expressed miRNAs, 7 differentially expressed mRNAs, and 69 differentially expressed lncRNAs between the treatment group and the infection group, and 1 210 differentially expressed miRNAs, 4 456 differentially expressed mRNAs, and 2 016 differentially expressed lncRNAs between the treatment group and the control group. Correlation analysis showed a higher correlation of gene expression between the treatment group and the control group. Principal component analysis showed obvious separate clustering between the infection group and the treatment group. The differentially expressed genes with significant relevance were significantly enriched in 24 GO terms, including arachidonic acid metabolic process, xenobiotic catabolic process, unsaturated fatty acid metabolic process, xenobiotic metabolic process, long-chain fatty acid metabolic process, and 8 KEGG metabolic pathways, including cholesterol metabolism, tyrosine metabolism, linoleic acid metabolism, retinol metabolism, and steroid hormone biometabolism. Conclusions There were 23 mRNAs including Cyp2b9 and 14 lncRNAs including Rmrpr in the core position of the gene regulatory network, which may play a critical role in S. japonicum infections and praziquantel treatment, and 9 miRNAs including miR-8105 may serve as potential molecular markers for diagnosis of S. japonicum infections.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928930

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Pai-Neng-Da Capsule (, panaxadiol saponins component, PNDC) in combination with the cyclosporine and androgen for patients with chronic aplastic anemia (CAA).@*METHODS@#A total of 79 CAA patients was randomly divided into 2 groups by a random number table, including PCA group [43 cases, orally PNDC 320 mg/d plus cyclosporine 5 mg/(kg·d) plus andriol 80 mg/d] and CA group [36 cases, orally cyclosporine 5 mg/(kg·d) plus andriol 160 mg/d]. All patients were treated and followed-up for 6 treatment courses over 24 weeks. The complete blood counts, score of Chinese medical (CM) symptoms were assessed and urine routine, electrocardiogram, hepatic and renal function were observed for safety evaluation. Female masculinization rating scale was established according to the actual clinical manifestations to evaluate the accurate degree of masculinization in female CAA patients treated by andriol.@*RESULTS@#The effective rates were 88.1% (37/42) in the PCA group and 77.8% (28/36) in the CA group based on the standard for the therapeutic efficacy evaluation of hematopathy. There was no significant difference in the white blood cell (WBC) counts, platelet counts and hemoglobin concentration of peripheral blood between two groups after 6 months treatment. The masculinization score of female patient in the PCA group was significantly lower than the CA group (P<0.05). The mild abdominal distention was observed in 1 cases in the PCA group. In CA group, the abnormalities in the hepatic function developed in 2 cases and the renal disfunction was found in 1 case.@*CONCLUSION@#The PNDC possesses certain curative effects in the treatment of CAA without obvious side-effects and can partially replace andriol thereby to reduce the degree of masculinization [Registried at Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChicTR1900028153)].


Subject(s)
Androgens , Anemia, Aplastic/drug therapy , China , Female , Humans , Nonprescription Drugs , Saponins/therapeutic use
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881253

ABSTRACT

@#Infective endocarditis (IE) is a disease with severe complications and high mortality. It is heterogeneous in etiology, clinical manifestations, and course. At the same time, there are many disputes on the clinical practice of antibiotic treatment, surgical indications and timing. In this review, we discuss the epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of IE, especially the latest advances in surgical treatment after the release of European Society of Cardiology and American Heart Association guidelines in 2015.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905909

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of anti-microbial compound (T1) from<italic> Bacillus </italic>(Phylum Firmicutes) and anti-microbial compound (T2) from <italic>Pseudomonas</italic> and <italic>Rhizobium</italic>, two growth-promoting agents, on the physiological characteristics and growth of <italic>Fritillaria przewalskii</italic>, in order to lay a foundation for the development of functional microbial agents and the promotion of ecological planting. Method:The endophytic bacteria of <italic>F. przewalskii</italic> were isolated and identified using conventional methods. The leaves of three-year-old <italic>F. przewalskii</italic> were sprayed with T1 and T2, followed by yield determination. The enzyme activities and physiological and biochemical indexes in the plant and microorganisms were measured using the corresponding assay kits, and the contents of related hormones by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Result:The isolated endophytic bacteria were classified into Firmicutes,Proteobacteria, and Actinomycetes. The activities of superoxide dismutase(SOD) and peroxidase(POD) and auxin content after T2 treatment were significantly higher than those after T1 treatment, while the contents of siderophore,salicylic acid, and gibberellin were lower. Compared with the blank (CK) group, T1 and T2 increased the contents of endogenous gibberellin,cytokinin, and auxin in <italic>F. przewalskii</italic> leaves,but did not significantly change jasmonic acid and abscisic acid. T1 promoted the accumulation of endogenous salicylic acid in <italic>F. przewalskii</italic> leaves, but there was no significant change after T2 treatment. Compared with CK,T1 and T2 enhanced the activities of SOD, POD, and catalase (CAT) and decreased the content of malondialdehyde. T2 promoted the accumulation of hydrogen peroxide in <italic>F. przewalskii</italic> leaves, but no significant difference was observed after T1 treatment. Compared with CK,both T1 and T2 increased chlorophyll,average iron content in rhizosphere soil, and 100-plant weight. Conclusion:T1 and T2 treatments help to increase the yield,and their specific mechanisms differ from each other. T1 exhibits better effect than T2.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888783

ABSTRACT

A large number of protease inhibitors have been found from leeches, which are essential in various physiological and biological processes. In the curret study, a novel elastase inhibitor was purified and characterized from the leech of Hirudinaria manillensis, which was named HMEI-A. Primary structure analysis showed that HMEI-A belonged to a new family of proteins. HMEI-A exerted inhibitory effects on elastase and showed potent abilities to inhibit elastase with an inhibition constant (K


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Leeches/chemistry , Pancreatic Elastase/antagonists & inhibitors , Protease Inhibitors/pharmacology , Proteins
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887986

ABSTRACT

Mansoa alliacea,commonly known as garlic vine,is native to the tropical rain forests of South America and widely cultivated in South China. As a popular folk medicine with various biological activities,however,this plant remains to be fully elucidated in terms of its phytochemical constituents. In this study,two new pyranonaphthoquinones were isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of the leaves and twigs of M. alliacea by various chromatographic approaches including silica gel,octadecyl silica( ODS),Sephadex LH-20,and preparative high-performance liquid chromatography( PHPLC). Their structures were determined to be 8,9-dimethoxy-α-lapachone( 1) and 7-hydroxy-8,9-dimethoxy-α-lapachone( 2) by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses and therefore respectively named as mansonin A( 1) and mansonin B( 2).


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Phytochemicals , Plant Leaves
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886499

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the effectiveness of in vitro fenestration versus bypass surgery techniques in the treatment of type B aortic dissection involving the left subclavian artery by thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Methods    Among the 53 patients with type B aortic dissection involving the left subclavian artery admitted to our center from January 2017 to October 2020, 23 underwent in vitro fenestration + TEVAR (a fenestration group with 18 males and 5 females aged 53.6±5.3 years), and 30 patients underwent left common carotid artery-left subclavian artery bypass + TEVAR (a bypass group with 24 males and 6 females aged 51.8±3.8 years). The effectiveness and safety between the two groups were compared. Results    The surgical success rate was 100.0% in both groups. And there was no death within postoperative 30 days and during the follow-up. There was no endoleak immediately postoperatively and during 1-year follow-up in the two groups. The operation time and hospitalization expenses in the fenestration group was less or shorter than those in the bypass group (P<0.05). The reduction in blood pressure of the left upper limb in the fenestration group was greater than that in the bypass group (P<0.05). There was no symptom of left upper limb ischemia, dizziness or hoarseness in both groups. Conclusion    The two methods of reconstruction of the left subclavian artery are safe and effective. In vitro fenestration can reduce surgical trauma and costs, and bypass surgery can provide better forward blood flow for the left subclavian artery.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876227

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between adult tobacco use and health literacy, and to provide evidence for tobacco control intervention and health promotion. Methods By combining PPS method and KISH table method, the 2018 National Residents′ Health Literacy Monitoring Questionnaire was used to investigate the health literacy level and tobacco use, and the correlation between current smoking behavior and health literacy among residents aged 15-69 was analyzed by logistic regression. Results A total of 3 200 people were surveyed, and 3 185 valid questionnaires were recovered, with an effective rate of 99.53%.The current smoking rate of people with scientific health literacy, infectious disease prevention literacy, safety and first aid literacy, basic medical literacy and health information literacy was lower than those without (P < 0.05).The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the current smoking rate of males was higher than that of females (OR=25.900, 95%CI:17.018-39.416).The current smoking rates in groups aged 25-69 were higher than those in groups aged 15-24 (OR=4.956-9.178, 95%CI:1.179-37.940).The current smoking rates of workers, employees of other enterprises and other professionals were higher than those of employees of government institutions (OR=1.488-1.913, 95%CI:1.082-3.055).People without basic medical literacy had a higher smoking rate than those with basic medical and health literacy (OR=1.366, 95%CI:1.057-1.765). Conclusion From now on, we should carry out health literacy promotion and tobacco control propaganda for key groups, improve the level of basic medical and health literacy and reduce the smoking rate.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873509

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA SFTA1P in non small cell lung cancer ( NSCLC) and its biological function in NSCLC cell lines. Methods Quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction( qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of SFTA1P in 18 pairs of NSCLC tissues and adjacent normal tissues. The expression of SFTA1P was detected by qRT-PCR in five different NSCLC cell lines ( A549,SPCA1,H460,H1975 and H1299) and one normal lung epithelial cell line ( HBE) . The overexpression vector of SFTA1P was designed and constructed. The overex- pressed cell line was constructed by transfection,the effects of overexpression of SFTA1P on proliferation, invasion and migration of NSCLC cells were detected by CCK-8 assay and transwell assay. Results The expression of SFTA1P in NSCLC tissues was lower than that of adjacent normal tissues ( t = 2. 158,P = 0. 043) . SFTA1P expression was detected in 5 strains of NSCLC cell lines and normal lung epithelial cell line. The expression of SFTA1P was the lowest in A549 and H460 cell lines ( t = 5. 769,P = 0. 004; t = 5. 772,P= 0. 004) ,and the highest in H1299 and H1975 cell lines ( t = 22. 248,P<0. 001; t = 11. 814,P <0. 001) . SFTA1P overexpression cell models were successfully constructed using A549 and H460 cell lines( all P<0.05) . The overexpression of SFTA1P could inhibit proliferation,invasion and migration of H460 and A549 cells ( ( all P < 0. 05) . Conclusions SFTA1P can affect the biological functions of NSCLC cells by inhibiting the proliferation,migration and invasion. SFTA1P may play a role as a tumor suppressor gene in tumorigenesis and development.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871636

ABSTRACT

Objective:Since December 2019, novel coronavirus infection has occurred in Hubei province and spread throughout the country quickly. This new crown viral pneumonia was named as coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) by WHO. However, at present, there is a high incidence of acute aortic dissection in winter and spring. How to prevent the spread of the epidemic and choose the appropriate treatment is an important topic for the patients with acute aortic dissection.Methods:From January 16, 2020 to February 26, 2020, a total of 37 of acute aortic dissection operations were carried out in several cardiovascular surgery centers in Hubei Province. There were 18 cases of Stanford type A aortic dissection and 19 cases of Stanford type B aortic dissection. There were 10 cases (55.55%) with ascending aorta replacement and 7 cases (38.89%) with Bentall procedure for aortic root surgery, and total arch replacement with stented elephant trunk implantation were performed in 14 cases (77.8%). In 19 patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection, thoracic endovascular aortic repair was performed, with the left subclavian artery chimney technique in 2 cases.Results:No deaths occurred within 30 days of hospitalization. Preoperative nucleic acid testing excluded 7 cases of novel coronavirus infection, and 3 suspected cases underwent emergency surgery. the three-level protective standard was adopted in the majority of the surgeries(62.2%, 23/37), and 11 patients were negative in the reexamination of viral nucleic acid after the operation.Conclusion:During the epidemic period, patients with acute aortic dissection should be carefully identified with actife COVID-19 before surgery. The treatment principles-" prevention and control of pneumonia epidemic should be emphasized, conservative medical management should be taken in the comfirmed cases, the selective operation should be delayed as far as possible, and the operation should be reasonable performed in critical cases" should be followed, which can save patients' lives to the greatest extent and prevent the spread of the virus.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846975

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a malignant tumor with high morbidity and mortality globally. It accounts for the majority of primary liver cancer cases. Amyloid precursor protein (APP), a cell membrane protein, plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease, and has been found to be implicated in tumor growth and metastasis. Therefore, to understand the relationship between APP and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) resistance in liver cancer, Cell Counting Kit-8, apoptosis and cell cycle assays, western blotting, and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) analysis were performed. The results demonstrated that APP expression in Bel7402-5-FU cells was significantly up-regulated, as compared with that in Bel7402 cells. Through successful construction of APP-silenced (siAPP) and overexpressed (OE) Bel7402 cell lines, data revealed that the Bel7402-APP751-OE cell line was insensitive, while the Bel7402-siAPP cell line was sensitive to 5-FU in comparison to the matched control group. Furthermore, APP overexpression decreased, while APP silencing increased 5-FU-induced apoptosis in Bel7402 cells. Mechanistically, APP overexpression and silencing can regulate the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway and the expression of apoptotic suppressor genes (B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and B-cell lymphoma-extra large (Bcl-xl)). Taken together, these results preliminarily revealed that APP overexpression contributes to the resistance of liver cancer cells to 5-FU, providing a new perspective for drug resistance.

15.
Ultrasonography ; : 356-366, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835351

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to retrospectively compare the clinical characteristics and imaging features on (CEUS) of combined hepatocellular cholangiocarcinoma (CHC) with those of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cholangiocarcinoma (CC). @*Methods@#The clinical information and CEUS features of 45 patients with CHC from 2015 to 2019 and 1-to-1-matched control subjects with HCC and CC (45 each) were compared. @*Results@#Simultaneous elevation of α-fetoprotein (AFP) and cancer antigen (CA) 19-9 was more common in CHC than in HCC and CC. In the arterial phase, hyperenhancement (homogeneous and heterogeneous) was more common in CHC (73.3%) and HCC (100%), while peripheral rimlike enhancement was more common in CC (55.6%). In the portal phase, marked washout was significantly more frequent in CHC and CC than in HCC (42.2% and 53.3% vs. 6.7%). In the delayed phase, marked washout was more common in CHC (82.2%) and CC (93.3%) than in HCC (40.0%). The washout time (WT) was much shorter in CHC and CC than in HCC (33.8±13.1 seconds and 30.1±11.6 seconds vs. 58.4±23.5 seconds). Using the combination of simultaneous elevation of AFP and CA 19-9 with marked washout in the delayed phase and a WT <38 seconds or arterial hyperenhancement to differentiate CHC from HCC or CC, the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were 74.4%, 93.3%, and 55.6% and 71.1%, 80.0%, and 62.2%, respectively. @*Conclusion@#Although some CEUS imaging features of CHC, HCC, and CC overlap, the combination of tumor markers and CEUS features can be helpful in differentiating CHC from HCC and CC.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828466

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electronic moxibustion on memory function in the patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI).@*METHODS@#A total of 59 aMCI patients were randomized into an electronic moxibustion group (30 cases) and a placebo moxibustion group (29 cases). In the electronic moxibustion group, the electronic moxibustion was applied to Baihui (GV 20), Dazhui (GV 14), Mingmen (GV 4) and Taixi (KI 3), 45 ℃ in temperature, 20 min each time. The treatment was given once a day, 5 times a week. The treatment for 4 weeks was as one course and 2 courses were required totally. In the placebo moxibustion group, the moxa-free patch was used, 38 ℃ in temperature. The acupoint selection and the treatment frequency were same as the electronic moxibustion group. Before and after treatment, Rivermead behavior memory test (RBMT) was adopted to evaluate the global memory function of the patients in the two groups and the N-back task test was adopted to evaluate working memory function separately. Additionally, the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and its immediate memory, Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) and its delay recall were adopted to evaluate the global cognitive function and memory function@*RESULTS@#In the electronic moxibustion group, after treatment, RBMT score, N-back accuracy rates, MMSE and MoCA scores and the scores of immediate memory and delay recall were improved significantly as compared with those before treatment (<0.01). In the placebo moxibustion group, the accuracy rates of 1-back and 2-back task and the scores of immediate memory and delay recall were improved obviously as compared with those before treatment (<0.05, <0.01). After treatment, the improvements of RBMT score, the accuracy rates of N-back task and MMSE and MoCA scores in the electronic moxibustion group were higher than those in the placebo moxibustion group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electronic moxibustion improves memory function in the patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Amnesia , Therapeutics , Cognitive Dysfunction , Therapeutics , Humans , Memory , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Moxibustion , Methods
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828207

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of high-quality direct anterior approach (DAA) and other approaches for the treatment of elderly patients with femoral neck fracture.@*METHODS@#Literatures published in English or Chinese about the direct anterior approach and other approaches for hemiarthroplasty in femoral neck fracture were searched on Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of science, Wanfang, CNKI databases from their establishment to May 2019. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, two researchers independently screened the literatures, and extracted the data. The quality of RCT were evaluated by Cochrane Risk of Bias Assessment Tool, and non-RCT were evaluated by the NOS scale. Meta-analysis was performed using the RevMan 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#A total of 9 articles were included with 901 cases, in which 429 cases used DAA, and 472 used other approaches. DAA had a significantly lower dislocation rate compared to subgroup of posterior and posterolateral approach [=0.19, 95%CI (0.06, 0.61), =0.005]. No significant differences were found between DAA group and subgroup of direct lateral and anterolateral approach[=1.08, 95%CI(0.20, 5.76), =0.93]. Also there were no relevant differences between the DAA group and control in infection rate[=1.07, 95%CI(0.47, 2.43), =0.88], perioperative fracture rate[=0.95, 95%CI(0.36, 2.50), =0.92], re operation rate[=0.76, 95%CI(0.30, 1.89), =0.55], overall complication rate [=0.88, 95%CI (0.63, 1.22), =0.44], mortality [=1.33, 95%CI (0.84, 2.11), =0.23], operative time[MD=1.43, 95%CI(-5.85, 8.71), =0.70].@*CONCLUSION@#The current evidenceindicates that the DAA was associated with a significantly lower dislocation rate compared to posterior capsular approaches for hemiarthroplasty. There was no significant difference in dislocation rate with the lateral and anterolateral approach.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antiviral Agents , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Femoral Neck Fractures , General Surgery , Hemiarthroplasty , Hepatitis C, Chronic , Humans , Reoperation , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827453

ABSTRACT

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is the most common complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and also an important factor affecting the survival and quality of life in patients after transplantation. Currently, immunosuppressive therapy is commonly used for GVHD, but the curative effect is not ideal. How to effectively prevent and treat GVHD is one of the difficulties to be solved urgently in the field of transplantation. In this paper, we summarize the latest progress in pathogenesis, prevention and treatment of GVHD with Chinese medicine (CM). We hope it will provide ideas and methods for exploring the mechanism and establishing a new comprehensive therapy for GVHD with CM.


Subject(s)
Allografts , Graft vs Host Disease , Drug Therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827253

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the feasibility of a drill template for the placement of guided template of middle and upper thoracic percutaneous vertebroplasty in thoracic pedicle approach on digital design and 3D printing technology.@*METHODS@#The preoperative CT images of 20 patients with thoracic fracture were collected retrospectively. With the 3D soft tissue printing technology, the data was reconstructed by 3D imaging reconstruction software to produce 1∶1 three dimensional soft tissue model. The pedicle screw channel and the digital template were designed by the 3-matic module of Mimics15.0 software. After guide template was printed by 3D printer and three dimensional template was fixed on the model, 2.0 mm Kirschner was placed and the accuracy of a drill template was observed by CT scans, bone cement was injected through the puncture tube and verified with images. The time of nail guide design, guide template production and cost were recorded.@*RESULTS@#The effectiveness of three dimensional thoracic model and digital guided template of middle and upper thoracic percutaneous vertebroplasty of thoracic fractures in thoracic pedicle approach was confirmed. Kirschner was placed and the accuracy of screw placement was confirmed with CT scanning. Template and the corresponding anatomical landmark fitted well, bone cement had showed good filling. The average printing time of upper thoracic spine model with soft tissue, the mean time of nail guide design, guide template production and cost were (719.00±3.03) min, (12.30±1.01) min, (55.50±10.30) min and RMB 3 150 yuan on average respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#By means of individual design and 3D soft tissue printingtechnology, accurate placement of guided template of middle and upper thoracic percutaneous vertebroplasty could be realized.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pedicle Screws , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Retrospective Studies , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Vertebroplasty
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827231

ABSTRACT

Three new indole alkaloids, flueindolines A-C (1-3), along with nine known alkaloids (4-12), were isolated from the fruits of Flueggea virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Voigt. Compounds 1 and 2 are two new fused tricyclic indole alkaloids possessing an unusual pyrido[1, 2-a]indole framework, and 3 presents a rare spiro (pyrrolizidinyl-oxindole) backbone. Their structures with absolute configurations were elucidated by means of comprehensive spectroscopic analysis, chemical calculation, as well as X-ray crystallography. Chiral resolution and absolute configuration determination of the known compounds 4, 10, and 11 were reported for the first time. The hypothetical biogenetical pathways of 1-3 were herein also proposed.

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