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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921570

ABSTRACT

Olmesartan,an angiotensin Ⅱ receptor blocker,is a commonly used antihypertensive drug.Several case reports and cohort studies in recent years have described a severe gastrointestinal adverse event with chronic diarrhea,intestinal malabsorption,and weight loss after the administration of olmesartan.In such cases,the patients recovered after discontinuing olmesartan.This adverse effect is called olmesartan-associated enteropathy(OAE).This article reviews the potential pathogenesis and clinical characteristics of OAE,which broadens the disease spectrum for the differential diagnosis of chronic diarrhea and intestinal malabsorption.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Humans , Imidazoles , Intestinal Diseases/diagnosis , Tetrazoles/adverse effects
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 26-35, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921240

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Endoscopic biopsy can underestimate gastric malignancies as low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (LGIN). Definitively diagnosed LGIN would progress. This study aimed to evaluate predictive factors to identify malignancies misdiagnosed as LGIN by biopsy and LGIN at high risk of progression.@*METHODS@#The clinical records of patients diagnosed with gastric LGIN by endoscopic biopsy who underwent at least two endoscopies during the first year of follow-up between 2007 and 2017 were retrospectively collected. Three endoscopists reviewed photographs of the initial endoscopy, described lesion characteristics, and made endoscopic diagnoses. Logistic regression was used to analyze predictors to identify malignancies underestimated as LGIN. A receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of these predictors. Patient clinical outcomes of follow-up >1 year were collected. Kaplan-Meier estimates with log-rank tests and Cox proportional hazards regression were used to analyze predictors of progression.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 48 of 182 (26.4%) patients were proven to have malignancies. A single lesion, a large lesion size, and marked intestinal metaplasia (IM) were independent predictors of initially misdiagnosed malignancies. The area under the curve of these predictors was 0.871, with a sensitivity of 68.7% and specificity of 92.5%. Twelve of 98 patients (12.2%) progressed during the 33-month median follow-up period. A whitish appearance, irregular margins, marked IM, and histological diagnosis of LGIN more than twice within the first year were predictors for progression.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Lesions diagnosed as LGIN by biopsy with marked IM and other predictors above should be prudently treated for high potential to be malignancies or progress. Endoscopic follow-up with repeated biopsies within the first year is recommended.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Carcinoma in Situ , Endoscopy , Humans , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912177

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the endoscopic features of early gastric cancer (EGC) related to non-curative endoscopic resection, and to construct an assessment model to quantify the risk of non-curative resection.Methods:From August 2006 to October 2019, 378 lesions that underwent endoscopic resection and were diagnosed pathological as EGC in the Department of Gastroenterology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital were included in this case-control study.Seventy-eight (20.6%) non-curative resection lesions were included in the observation group, and 234 lesions which selected from 300 lesions of curative resection were included in the control group according to the difference of operation year ±1 with the observation group, and the ratio of 1∶3 of the observation group to the control group. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to explore the risk factors for non-curative resection. The independent risk factor with the minimum β coefficient was assigned 1 point, and the remaining factors were scored according to the ratio of their β coefficient to the minimum. A predictive model was established to analyze the 378 lesions.The non-curative resection rates of lesions of different scores were calculated. Results:Univariate analysis showed that the lesion diameter, the location, redness, ulcer or ulcer scar, fold interruption, fold entanglement, and invasion depth observed with endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) were associated with non-curative resection of EGC lesions ( P<0.05), and contact or spontaneous bleeding may be associated with non-curative resection ( P=0.068). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that submucosal involvement (VS confined to the mucosa: β=0.901, P=0.011, OR=2.46, 95% CI: 1.23-4.92), lesion diameter of 3-<5 cm (VS <3 cm: β=0.723, P=0.038, OR=2.06, 95% CI: 1.04-4.09), lesion diameter of ≥5 cm (VS <3 cm: β=2.078, P=0.003, OR=7.99, 95% CI: 2.02-31.66), location in the upper 1/3 of the stomach (VS lower 1/3: β=1.540, P<0.001, OR=4.66, 95% CI: 2.30-9.45), and fold interruption ( β=2.287, P=0.008, OR=1.93, 95% CI: 0.95-3.93) were independent risk factors for non-curative resection of EGC lesions. The factor of lesion diameter of 3-<5 cm and submucosal involvement were assigned 1 point respectively, location in the upper 1/3 of the stomach was assigned 2 points, diameter of ≥5 cm and fold interruption were assigned 3 points respectively, and other factors were assigned 0 point. Then the analysis of 378 lesions showed that the probability of non-curative resection at ≥2 points was 41.9% (37/93), 4 times as much as that at 0 [11.5% (25/217)]. Conclusion:EGC lesions with diameter ≥3 cm, located in the upper 1/3 of the stomach, interrupted folds or submucosal involvement are highly related to non-curative resection. The predictive model based on these factors achieves satisfactory efficacy, but it still needs further validation in larger cohorts.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878724

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze clinical characteristics and short-term efficacy of endoscopic hemostasis in acute duodenal hemorrhage. Methods A retrospective study was conducted for the patients who received endoscopy in the PUMC Hospital due to upper gastrointestinal bleeding and were confirmed to be on account of duodenal lesions for bleeding from January 2011 to December 2018.Clinical information of patients was collected,including demographics,comorbidities,and medication use.Endoscopic information included the origin of bleeding,the number and location of lesions,Forrest classes and size of ulcers,and endoscopic therapeutic methods.Factors that could be relative to the failure of endoscopic hemostasis or short-term recurrence of hemorrhage in these patients were analyzed. Results Among all the patients with duodenal hemorrhage,79.7%(102/128)were due to ulcers,14.1%(18/128)to tumors,3.9%(5/128)to vascular malformation,and 2.3%(3/128)to diverticulum.Fifty-three(41.4%)patients received endoscopic hemostasis,and six patients(4.7%)received surgery or interventional embolization after the endoscopic test.Among the patients receiving endoscopic hemostasis,5.7%(3/53),66.0%(35/53),and 28.3%(15/53)received injection therapy,mechanical therapy,and dual endoscopic therapy,respectively,and 94.3% of them were cured.However,10(18.9%)of them experienced recurrence of hemorrhage and 3 patients died during hospitalization.Only one patient suffered from perforation after the second endoscopic treatment.Lesions located on the posterior wall of bulb appeared to be a risk factor for the failure of endoscopic hemostasis(OR=31.333,95% CI=2.172-452.072,P=0.021).The lesion diameter≥1 cm was a risk factor of rebleeding after endoscopic therapy(OR=7.000,95% CI=1.381-35.478,P=0.023).Conclusions Peptic ulcers were always blamed and diverticulum could also be a common reason for duodenal hemorrhage,which was different from the etiological constitution of acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage.Lesions locating on the posterior wall of the duodenum had a higher potential to fail the endoscopic hemostasis.The lesion diameter≥1 cm was a predictive factor for short-term recurrence.Forrest classes of ulcers at duodenum did not significantly affect the endoscopic therapeutic efficacy or prognosis.


Subject(s)
Duodenal Ulcer/therapy , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endoscopy , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Hemostasis, Endoscopic , Humans , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871445

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and the risk factors of lymph node metastasis(LNM) of undifferentiated early gastric cancers(EGCs) in elderly patients.Methods:The elderly patients(≥65 years old) who underwent radical gastrectomy with lymph node dissection and were diagnosed as having EGCs in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2010 to August 2019 were included. The clinicopathological characteristics of undifferentiated EGCs(namely signet ring cell EGCs and poorly differentiated EGCs) were compared with those of differentiated EGCs, and the risk factors for LNM of undifferentiated EGCs in the elderly patients were analyzed with logistic regression.Results:Data of 165 elderly EGCs patients were reviewed, including 82 undifferentiated EGCs (11 signet ring cell and 71 poorly differentiated) and 83 differentiated EGCs. The overall LNM incidence was 9.1% (15/165) in elderly EGCs patients, 4.8% (4/83) and 13.4% (11/82) in differentiated and undifferentiated EGCs, respectively. Of all undifferentiated EGCs, the LNM incidence in poorly differentiated EGCs was 15.5%(11/71), and none of 11 signet ring cell EGCs had LNM. Depth of tumor invasion( P=0.019), tumor size( P=0.006), combination of ulceration( P=0.006), depressed gross type( P=0.003) were found to be associated with LNM in elderly undifferentiated EGCs patients under univariate analysis. Multivariate analysis revealed that submucosal invasion( OR=11.98, 95% CI: 1.17-122.84, P=0.037) and tumor size >2 cm ( OR=11.95, 95% CI: 1.88-76.07, P=0.009) were independent risk factors for LNM in elderly undifferentiated EGCs patients. All elderly undifferentiated EGCs patients who met the criteria for expanded indications had no LNM. Conclusion:Submucosal invasion and tumor size >2 cm are independent risk factors for LNM in elderly undifferentiated EGCs patients. The elderly EGCs patients who met the criteria for expanded indications are suitable for endoscopic submucosal dissection.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878771

ABSTRACT

To explore the mechanism of Sijunzi Decoction in the treatment of ulcerative colitis(UC) based on network pharmacology. The active components and corresponding targets of Sijunzi Decoction were extracted with Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP), and the targets were standardized with the help of Uniprot database. The related targets of UC were obtained through GeneCards database and Disgenet database, and the intersection targets of drugs and diseases were screened by R language. The visual regulation network of "active ingredient-disease target" of Sijunzi Decoction was constructed by Cytoscape software, and the protein-protein interaction network was constructed by STRING database. The functional enrichment analysis of gene ontology(GO) and the enrichment analysis of Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway were carried out on Bioconductor platform, and some of the targets were verified by animal experiments. Through database analysis, a total of 135 active components of Sijunzi Decoction, 114 predicted targets and 80 common targets with UC were obtained. The core target proteins included interleukin 6(IL-6), caspase-3(CASP3), vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA), epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR) and so on. GO functional enrichment analysis involved 102 items, which mainly affected transcription factor activity, enzyme activity, receptor activity and biochemical process regulation. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that 120 items were involved in human cytomegalovirus infection, cancer, apoptosis, inflammation and other pathways. Mouse experiments showed that Sijunzi Decoction could down-regulate the expression of target proteins IL-6 and caspase-3 and inhibit intestinal epithelial cell apoptosis. The treatment of UC with Sijunzi Decoction is the result of the interaction among multi-components, multi-targets and multi-pathways. It is proved by experiments that Sijunzi Decoction may play an effective role by regulating the expression of IL-6 and caspase-3, and getting involved in apoptosis, inflammation and other pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mice , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873146

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndromes of 46 patients with coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) by cluster analysis method. Method:The 46 COVID-19 patients with TCM symptoms, signs, tongue and pulse were analyzed by frequency analysis and clustering analysis, and the TCM syndrome types of COVID-19 patients were classified and summarized by combining clinical expertise, and the evolution law was analyzed by combining the median days of the syndrome collection. Result:The major signs and symptoms of the 46 patients with COVID-19: fever (frequency of 39, accounted for 84.8%), poor appetite (frequency of 44, 95.7%), fatigue (frequency of 42, 91.3%), wheezing breath (frequency of 35, 76.1%), dry mouth (frequency of 21, 45.7%), lung condition short (frequency of 20, 43.5%), defecate pond (frequency of 15, 32.6%), red tongue (frequency 30, accounting for 65.2%), yellowish moss (frequency 27, accounting for 58.7%), and slimy pulse (frequency 30, accounting for 62.5%). TCM syndromes were divided into seven types, i.e. dampness and heat syndrome (13 cases), dampness and toxin syndrome (10 cases), heat stasis syndrome (7 cases), dampness and heat syndrome (5 cases), cold dampness internal invasion syndrome (4 cases), dampness poison blood stasis syndrome (2 cases).According to the time of onset, there were cold and dampness syndrome (median days 6.5 days), dampness was heavier than heat syndrome (10 days), dampness and heat syndrome (10 days), dampness and heat syndrome (11.5 days), heat stagnation of liver and gallbladder syndrome (13 days), dampness and blood stasis syndrome (15 days), and Yin injury syndrome (16 days). Conclusion:Among the 46 cases of COVID -19, damp-heat syndrome was the most common, followed by heat stagnation of liver and gallbladder syndrome, Yin injury and gas consumption syndrome, cold and damp internal invasion syndrome, and dampness and blood stasis syndrome. The pathogenesis of the disease evolved into heat and poison, and later appeared to consume Qi Yin performance.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800290

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effects of endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD) on long-term quality of life (QOL) and gastric function of patients with distal early gastric cancer (EGC), compared with those of surgery.@*Methods@#Patients with EGC who received ESD or surgical resection in Peking Union Medical College Hospital over 1 year ago were selected to be followed up. QLQ-C30, SF-36, EQ-5D and dyspeptic symptom rating scale were used to evaluate QOL. Five-hour gastric emptying rate was used to evaluate distal gastric function. Electronic gastroscopy was used to observe whether the anastomotic stoma was stenotic. According to the age at resection, 1 to 1 matching was performed between the distal 1/3 gastric ESD (EP) group and the distal subtotal gastrectomy (SP) group, and then the QOL and gastric function between the two groups were compared.@*Results@#Twenty-five patients were included in group EP and group SP respectively. According to QLQ-C30, the scores of cognitive function were 83.3 (83.3, 83.3) in group EP and 83.3 (83.3, 100.0) in group SP (P=0.056). The proportion of patients with symptoms (fatigue, nausea and vomiting, pain, dyspnea, insomnia, appetite loss, constipation, diarrhea and financial difficulties) between the two groups were not statistically different. There was no statistical difference in the scores of EQ-5D and SF-36 between the two groups. According to dyspeptic symptom rating scale, 56.0% patients in group EPhad burning sensation, but only 28.0% in group SP had this symptom (P=0.054). 20.0% of patients in group SPreported nausea, while only 4.0% in group EP had this symptom (P=0.084). Gastric emptying results showed that the proportion of patients with abnormal 5-hour gastric emptying rate was 31.8% in group EP, while there was no abnormal emptying in group SP (P=0.003). Gastroscopy results showed that one patient in group EP had pyloric stenosis, but 5-hour gastric emptying rate was normal. All anastomotic stomas in group Sp were unobstructed.@*Conclusion@#ESD and surgical resection for distal EGC show similar long-term effects on QOL of patients. But the long-term gastric emptying function may decrease after distal gastric ESD.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824830

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD) on long-term quality of life ( QOL) and gastric function of patients with distal early gastric cancer ( EGC) , compared with those of surgery. Methods Patients with EGC who received ESD or surgical resection in Peking Union Medical College Hospital over 1 year ago were selected to be followed up. QLQ-C30, SF-36, EQ-5D and dyspeptic symptom rating scale were used to evaluate QOL. Five-hour gastric emptying rate was used to evaluate distal gastric function. Electronic gastroscopy was used to observe whether the anastomotic stoma was stenotic. According to the age at resection, 1 to 1 matching was performed between the distal 1/3 gastric ESD ( EP ) group and the distal subtotal gastrectomy ( SP ) group, and then the QOL and gastric function between the two groups were compared. Results Twenty-five patients were included in group EP and group SP respectively. According to QLQ-C30, the scores of cognitive function were 83. 3 (83. 3, 83. 3) in group EP and 83. 3 (83. 3, 100. 0) in group SP(P=0. 056). The proportion of patients with symptoms (fatigue, nausea and vomiting, pain, dyspnea, insomnia, appetite loss, constipation, diarrhea and financial difficulties) between the two groups were not statistically different. There was no statistical difference in the scores of EQ-5D and SF-36 between the two groups. According to dyspeptic symptom rating scale, 56. 0%patients in group EPhad burning sensation, but only 28.0% in group SP had this symptom (P=0.054).20. 0% of patients in group SP reported nausea, while only 4. 0% in group EP had this symptom ( P=0. 084) . Gastric emptying results showed that the proportion of patients with abnormal 5-hour gastric emptying rate was 31. 8% in group EP, while there was no abnormal emptying in group SP(P=0. 003). Gastroscopy results showed that one patient in group EP had pyloric stenosis, but 5-hour gastric emptying rate was normal. All anastomotic stomas in group Sp were unobstructed. Conclusion ESD and surgical resection for distal EGC show similar long-term effects on QOL of patients. But the long-term gastric emptying function may decrease after distal gastric ESD.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711508

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy, safety and risk factors of endoscopic treatment for patients with early gastric cancer. Methods A retrospective study was conducted in a single center and data was collected from 186 early gastric cancers in 168 pathologically confirmed patients who received endoscopic treatment in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2006 to December 2015. The cases were divided into different groups according to indications of endoscopic treatment. The curative resection rate and complication rate were analyzed. Post-resection outcomes were evaluated by long-term surveillance. Results The curative resection rate was 86. 9%( 73/84) in the group with absolute indications, 61. 7%(50/81)in the group with expanded indications, and 33. 3%(7/21) in the group beyond indications (P<0. 01). Multivariate analysis revealed that the significant independent predictors for curative resection included lower third location of stomach, no ulceration,≤2 cm at diameter, no adhesion, and well-differentiation in histopathology. In the expanded indications group, discordance of differentiation type and deeper invasion mainly resulted in non-curative resection in en bloc lesions. The rate of bleeding and perforation was 4. 8%( 9/186) and 3. 8%( 7/186), respectively. The perforation rate was significantly lower in the lesions located in the lower third of stomach, without adhesion or performed by en bloc resection. During a median follow-up period of 22. 3 months, 154 patients were followed successfully. The incidence of synchronous and metachronous gastric cancers in curative resected lesions was 7. 5%( 8/106) and 0. 9%(1/106), respectively. Conclusion Endoscopic resection is an optimal treatment with high curative resection rate for early gastric cancer patients with absolute indications. Patients with expanded indications should take precise preoperative evaluation to avoid higher risk of non-curative resection endoscopically. Close follow-up is necessary for synchronous and metachronous gastric cancers after endoscopic resection.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710257

ABSTRACT

AIM To determine the rutin contents in Hibiscus mutabilis Linn leaves from seventeen growing areas.METHODS Seventeen germplasms of Hibiscus mutabilis were collected from the main distribution areas and their growth characteristics including length of stipe and leaves,width of leaves,ratio of length and width of leaves were studied.The contents of rutin were determined by HPLC,and their correlations with altitude,longitude,latitude,growth characteristics and germplasms were analyzed,then cluster analysis was made.RESULTS There were significant differences of growth characteristics and rutin contents among different germplasms of H.mutabilis (P < 0.01),with 1.389 6 mg/g as their mean value,those collected from Zhejiang,Yunnan,Hubei and Guangxi were relatively higher than others.Moreover,the rutin content had a positive correlation with altitude,a negative correlation with longitude,length of stipe and shape index of leaves,and no significant correlations with latitude.Meanwhile,seventeen germplasms could be divided into four groups.Those from group Ⅰ and Ⅱ had higher rutin contents.CONCLUSION This accurate,stable and reproducible method can be used for the quality control of H.mutabilis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304291

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the cost effectiveness of conservative treatment, percutaneous vertebroplasty(PVP)and percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP)for elderly osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture(OVCF).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 152 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures, collected in the orthopedic department of 309th Hospital of PLA from October 2013 to July 2014, was retrospectively analyzed. According to the therapeutic methods, the patients who met the inclusion criteria were divided into conservative treatment group (51 cases), percutaneous vertebroplasty group (50 cases) and percutaneous kyphoplasty group(51 cases). The average medical cost (C) in hospital period and 1 year after discharging, and the treatment effect (E) according to standard of "cure" (VAS score less than or equal to 2) or "improvement" (VAS score was 3 to 8) was recorded. Then the C/E value indicated the cost effectiveness in different standards.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average hospitalization days of the PVP and PKP group was 3 to 5 days with an average of(3.4±0.6) days. The conservative group was 12 to 15 days with an average of (14.0±0.6) days. During the hospitalization period, the cost effectiveness of the conservative group, PVP group and PKP group were RMB 1 253.88, 935.75, 983.99 yuan, respectively, according to the standard of "cure". The PVP group was superior to the PKP group and the latter was superior to the conservative group. If "improvement" was used as the standard of evaluation, the results were RMB 97.80, 449.16, 501.84 yuan, respectively, suggesting that the conservative group was better than the PVP group and the latter was better than the PKP group. After hospital discharge, the cost effectiveness of the conservative group, PVP group and PKP group were RMB 3 834.05, 1 878.41 and 1 916.11 yuan, respectively, according to the standard of "cure". The PVP group was superior to the PKP group and the latter exceeded the conservative group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The study showed that the PVP was the best choice at the evaluation criterion of "cure", while taking "improvement" as the evaluation criterion, the conservative treatment was the best one. Either way, the PVP was the best choice after hospital discharge.</p>

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812600

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to synthesize and evaluate a series of benzylisoquinoline derivatives. These compounds were synthesized by Bischler-Napieralski cyclization to yield 1-benzyl-3,4-dihydroisoquinolines, and the products were obtained by reductions. All these compounds were identified by MS, (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR. The inhibitory activities on pancreatic lipase and preadipocyte proliferation for the synthesized compounds and alkaloids from Nulembo nucifera were assessed in vitro. Most of the compounds showed inhibitory activities on both pancreatic lipase and preadipocyte proliferation. Particularly, compounds 7p-7u and 9d-9f exhibited significant inhibitory activity on pancreatic lipase while compounds 7c, 7d, 7f, 7g, 7i, and 7j potently inhibited the proliferation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Our results provided a basis for future evaluation and development of these compounds as leads for therapeutics for human diseases.


Subject(s)
Adipocytes , Cell Biology , Benzylisoquinolines , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Enzyme Inhibitors , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Lipase , Metabolism , Structure-Activity Relationship
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464393

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the extraction technology of Zhiqian Capsule;To provide evidence for researches on preparation into new Chinese medicine. Methods The main influential factors of extraction technology included the quantity of water, extraction time and immersion time. The extraction effect was evaluated with the content of aesculetin and the extract yield as indexes. The optimal extraction technology of Zhiqian Capsule was selected by single factor experiment and central composite design-response surface method. Results The best extraction conditions were as follows:reflux extraction for twice, the first time adding 10-fold of water and extraction for 2.5 h, the second time adding 8-fold of water and extraction for 2 h. Conclusion The optimal extraction technology of Zhiqian Capsule is efficient for extracting aesculetin, as well as economical, reasonable, easy and feasible.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642205

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the causes of postoperative recurrence in patients of nodular goiter,the selection of method for reoperation and the postoperative complications. Methods The clinical data of 278 nodular goiter patients admitted in the first affiliated hospital of Harbin Medical University between 2001 and 2008 were analyzed retrospectively,including the methods and complications for first operation and reoperation. Results In the first operation,79 eases received simple eminectomy and 167 cases received partial lobectomy,accounted for 28.4% and 60.1%,respectively. Unilateral subtotal lobectomy plus contralateral eminectomy was performed in 23 cases and subtotal thyroideetomy was conducted in 9 cases,accounted for 8.3% and 3.2%,respectively. Postoperative complications occurred in one hundred and twenty-three cases,the incidence being 8.2% (23/278). Unilateral subtotal Iobectomy plus contralateral partial iobectomy was reperformed in 37 cases and bilateral subtotal thyroidectomy in 241 cases. Postoperative complications occurred in 12 cases,the incidence being 4.2%(12/278). No postoperative recurrence of nodular goiter was found. Conclusions Recurrence of nodular goiter is closely associated with the scope of previous surgical treatment,and correct operative manipulation may reduce the recurrent rate.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 926-929, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250080

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the value of color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) in monitoring vascular complications following orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seven hundred ninety-two patients who received OLT from April 2002 to December 2006 in the Organ Transplantation Center, General Hospital of Chinese People's Armed Police Forces, Beijing, and underwent CDFI examinations in different periods after OLT were enrolled in this study. Their vascular complications were monitored by CDFI and confirmed by angiography or spiral CT.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 792 patients, 54 were diagnosed with vascular complications that occurred 1-360 days after their OLT operations. These complications occurred within 1-30 days, 31-60 days, 61-90 days, 91-180 days, 181-360 days, with the proportions of 46.30%, 22.22%, 14.81%, 9.26% and 7.41% respectively. The proportion of hepatic artery and portal vein complications and outflow occlusions were 61.11%, 35.19% and 3.70% respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Most vascular complications occurred within six months after the OLT operation. The continuous and careful monitoring by CDFI is beneficial in an early diagnosis of vascular complications after OLT.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Infant , Liver Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color , Methods , Vascular Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging , Young Adult
17.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 628-631, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316341

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To retrospectively evaluate the clinical outcomes of liver transplantation for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 88 consecutive HCC patients who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation between 2002. 4 and 2004. 7 were retrospectively reviewed. HCC stage of those patients were defined according to the pTNM classification system of UICC. All patients were followed up for more than 12 months after liver transplantation. The recurrence and overall survival rate were evaluated by univariate and multivariate analysis with SAS software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The cumulative 1-year recurrence rate of stage I, II, III and IV after liver transplantation was 0%, 4.8%, 40.0% and 71.3%, respectively (P < 0.01). The cumulative 1-year overall survival rate of stage I, II, III and IV was 100%, 95.2%, 71.5% and 41.7%, respectively (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Liver transplantation may be suitable for stage I or II hepatocellular cancer patients and improve their prognosis, while it is not suitable for stage IV HCC patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Pathology , General Surgery , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Liver Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies , Survival Analysis , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813372

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether the in vitro sensitivity of cefazolin sodium to the bacteria was altered after nanoparticlization.@*METHODS@#The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of cefazolin sodium before and after nanoparticlization to S. aureaus and E. coli. were determined by microdilution.@*RESULTS@#The MIC of nanoparticlized cefazolin sodium to S. aureaus and E. coli. had no significant change compared with that of non-nanoparticlized one.@*CONCLUSION@#Nanoparticlization will not decrease the sensitivity of cefazolin sodium to the bacteria.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Cefazolin , Pharmacology , Escherichia coli , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Nanostructures , Staphylococcus aureus
19.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 171-174, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349177

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the clinical features of aspergillosis and its diagnosis, prophylaxis and treatment in patients after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT), and to improve the prognosis of the recipients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Medical records of consecutive patients who underwent OLT in our liver transplant center from May 2002 to May 2004 were analyzed retrospectively. Those with aspergillus infection complications were studied in detail regarding their infected organs, related factors, treatments and prognoses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>17 out of 207 recipients of OLT were detected with aspergillosis. The incidence was 8.21 percent. 5 patients infected with superficial aspergillus survived. Of the 12 cases with deep aspergillus infection, 3 with infection limited to the sites of their incisions survived, 2 of the 3 patients with infection in their lungs, and 1 of the 2 patients with it in their livers died, and 4 recipients with multi-organ aspergillus infection died. Among the 7 cases that died, 5 had severe hepatitis, 1 had post-hepatitis liver cirrhosis and 1 had primary liver carcinoma.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Long-term (> or = 3 weeks) broad-spectrum antibiotics and immunosupression were involved in aspergillus infection in our OLT patients. Patients with chronic severe hepatitis had a higher risk of having aspergillus infection. Amphotericin B is still the best choice for treating aspergillosis. Prophylactic administration of anti-fungal medicine, surveillance of fungal infections as a routine, and treatment of the infection in time may help to improve the prognosis of OLT recipients with aspergillosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Amphotericin B , Therapeutic Uses , Antifungal Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Aspergillosis , Drug Therapy , Epidemiology , China , Epidemiology , Female , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Humans , Incidence , Liver Cirrhosis , General Surgery , Virology , Liver Neoplasms , General Surgery , Liver Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676175

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the causes and outcome of conversion from tacrolimus (FK506) to cyclosporine-A (CsA) in recipients after liver transplantation.Methods 317 consecutive liver transplantation recipients in our department received anti-CD25 monoclonal antibody,FK506, mycophenolate mofetil and corticoid for prophylaxis of cellular rejection.The blood FK506 trough level was (10-15)?g/L within the first 30 days,(8-12)?g/L within next 60 days,and (5-8)?g/L was kept during 90 to 180 days after transplantation.All recipients reveived a follow-up of 6 months. Remits Sixteen out of 317 recipients (5.05%) required conversion from FK506 to CsA.The clinical indications for conversion included:neurological adverse effect of FK506 in 5 cases (31.25%),hema- tological adverse effect in 2 cases (12.5%),gastrointestinal effect in one case (6.25%),not capable of reaching therapeutic window concentration in 3 cases (18.75%),refractory hyperglycemia in 2 ca- ses (12.5%),and economic factor in 3 cases (18.75%).The majority of recipients demonstrated clinical improvement after the switch,except 2 of 16 patients (12.5%) had to be reconverted to FK506 due to renal disadvantage.No dead recipient and adverse effect correlated to immunosuppres- sive agent conversion were seen.Conclusion If necessary,conversion from FK506 to CsA in patients undergoing liver transplantation is safe and effective.

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