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1.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 509-512, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931648

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of laparoscopic surgery versus open surgery on acute appendicitis in children. Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the data of 50 children with acute appendicitis who underwent surgery in Zhoushan Women and Children Hospital from December 2016 to December 2019. They were randomly divided into observation ( n = 27) and control ( n = 23) groups. The observation group underwent three-port laparoscopy. The control group underwent open surgery. Operation-related indicators, postoperative recovery, parental satisfaction, and complications were compared between the two groups. Results:Operative time was significantly longer in the observation group than in the control group [(56.57 ± 5.35) minutes vs. (40.23 ± 6.31) minutes, t = 9.78, P < 0.001). Intraoperative blood loss was significantly less in the observation group than in the control group [(10.11 ± 2.36) mL vs. (18.36 ± 3.21) mL, t = 10.45, P < 0.001]. Duration of pain was significantly shorter in the observation group than in the control group [(1.23 ± 0.23) days vs. (2.98 ± 0.87) days, t = 10.06, P < 0.001). Time to postoperative exhaust was significantly shorter in the observation group than in the control group [(21.39 ± 4.35) minutes vs. (39.88 ±5.39) minutes, t = 13.35, P < 0.001]. Time to defection was significantly shorter in the observation group than in the control group [(50.12 ± 3.35) minutes vs. (61.23 ± 4.21) minutes, t = 10.33, P < 0.001]. Time to first diet was significantly shorter in the observation group than in the control group [(13.25 ± 2.56) hours vs. (19.96 ± 2.67) hours, t = 9.07, P < 0.001]. Length of hospital stay in the observation group was significantly shorter in the observation group than in the control group [(4.13 ± 1.12) days vs. (7.98 ± 1.96) days, t = 8.53, P < 0.001). Parental satisfaction was significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group [96.30% vs. 47.83%, χ2 = 13.360, P < 0.001]. The incidence of complications was significantly lower in the observation group than in the control group [7.41% vs. 52.17%, χ2 = 10.58, P < 0.001]. Conclusion:Laparoscopic surgery is superior and safer to open surgery in the treatment of acute appendicitis in children.

2.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2394-2397, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866607

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of hernia ring filling tension-free hernia repair on adult inguinal hernia.Methods:From March 2016 to March 2019, 100 adult patients with inguinal hernia who received surgical treatment in Zhoushan Maternal and Child Health Hospital were divided into two groups according to the random number table method, with 50 cases in each group.The control group received the chip without tension hernia repair, and the study group received hernia ring filling type without tension hernia repair.The operation time, length of hospital stay, use of analgesic ratio, ratio of postoperative patients with local foreign body sensation, incidence of adverse reactions (incision infection rate, rate of seroma, scrotal edema rate) were compared between the two groups.Results:The operation time [(0.86±0.22)h] and hospital stay [(5.11±1.56)d] in the study group were shorter than those in the control group [(1.44±0.76)h and (9.87±1.33)d] ( t=5.183, 16.418, all P<0.05). And the ratio of use analgesics (20.00%), the ratio of local foreign body sensation (2.00%), the incidence of adverse reactions (incision infection rate: 2.00%, seroma rate: 4.00%, scrotal edema rate: 2.00%) and other indicators in the study group were lower than those in the control group (36.00%, 18.00%, 8.00%, 10.00%, 8.00%)(χ 2=5.183, 16.418, 3.174, 7.111, 5.740, all P<0.05). Conclusion:Application of the hernia ring filling tension-free hernia repair in the treatment of adult inguinal hernia can shorten the operation time, hospital stay and decrease the incidence rate of adverse reactions.

3.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 823-827, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617561

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether PDTC or curcumin had effect on anti-β2GPI-induced tissue factor (TF) expression in mice.Methods:BALB/c mice were pretreated with PDTC (100 mg/kg,once a day) by intraperitoneal injection (i.p.) or/and curcumin (50 mg/kg,once a day) by oral gavage for 3 consecutive days at 2 h before 500 μg of anti-β2GPI injections in subsequent experiments.Mouse peritoneal macrophages and aorta were collected,homogenized by sonication.The total RNA and protein were collected from each animal,TF expression was detected by Real-time quatitative PCR and TF activity kit.The phosphorylation of NF-κB p65 and c-Jun/AP-1 was determined by Western blot.Results:Anti-β2GPI cloud significantly upregulate TF expression and phosphorylation of NF-κB p65 and c-Jun/AP-1 in mouse peritoneal macrophages and aorta,compared with NR-IgG treated mice (P< 0.05).PDTC or/and curcumin could markedly attenuate anti-β2 GPI-induced TF expression,also inhibit activation of NF-κB p65 and cJun/AP-1 in the aorta and peritoneal macrophages respectively (P<0.05),but combination of two inhibitors had no synergistic effect.Conclusion:Both PDTC and curcumin could affect the expression of TF induced by anti-β2GPI in mice,indicatiug that PDTC and curcumin has the potential to prevent thrombosis in APS.

4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science ; (12): 215-220, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608147

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) in the expression of tissue factor(TF) from THP-1 cells induced by β2GPI/anti-β2GPIcomplex.Methods The THP-1 cells were treated with both β2GPI/anti-β2GPI and β2GPI/IgG-APS(β2GPI/IgG from APS patients) complexes.Rapamycin(100 nmol/L),the mTOR inhibitor,was used to exert the intervention experiment.The total RNA and proteins of the THP-1 cells were collected for detection.The mRNA expression level and activity of TF in THP-1 cells were detected by real-time quatitative PCR(RT-qPCR) and TF activity kit respectively.western blotwas used to determine the levels of mTOR and phosphorylated-mTOR(p-mTOR),and p38,p-p38,ERK1/2,p-ERK1/2,JNK,p-JNK,NF-κB p65 and p-NF-κB p65 in THP-1 cells were determined simultaneously.Results Both β2GPI/anti-β2GPI and β2GPI/IgG-APS complexes chould significantly upregulate the mRNA expression and activity of TF,and the phosphorylation levels of mTOR in THP-1 cells(P < 0.05).Rapamycin markedly attenuated the mRNA expression and activity of TF and mTOR phosphorylation induced by β2GPI/anti-β2GPI and β2GPI/IgG-APS complexes (P < 0.05),and also inhibited the phosphorylation levels of p38,ERK1/2 and NF-κB p65 in THP-1 cells induced by β2GPI/anti-β2GPI and β2GPI/IgG-APS complexes (P < 0.05),but did not showed effects on the phosphorylation of c-Jun NH2-terminal protein kinase (JNK) (P > 0.05).Conclusion mTOR could be activated by β2GPI/antiβ2GPI complexes in THP-1 cells and play a crucial role for β2GPI/anti-β2GPI-induced TF expression in THP-1 cells.

5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 44-48, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807995

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of anti-β2 glycoprotein Ⅰ(β2GPⅠ) antibody on atherosclerosis in ApoE deficient mice.@*Methods@#A total of 24 male ApoE deficient mice of specific pathogen free level(six to eight-week old)were divided into normal control group, high fat diet group, high fat diet with anti-β2GPⅠ group, high fat diet with homologous control antibody group (n=6 each group). During the feeding period, mice were weighed every 2 weeks and were intraperitoneally injected with anti-β2GPⅠIgG (100 μg/per) and homologous control IgG (100 μg/per) according to grouping once a week. At the 16th week, the carotid arterial lipid deposition was observed by small animal magnetic resonance imaging, and blood samples were collected from internal vein of eyeball and the concentrations of TC, TG, HDL-C and LDL-C in plasma were measured after EDTA anticoagulant treatment. AI was calculated. The mice were then sacrificed and carotid arteries were removed, hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to observe the atherosclerotic lesions near the bifurcation of carotid artery and to calculate lesion size.@*Results@#(1) The body weight of mice was significantly higher in the high fat diet group compared to other 3 groups(all P<0.05), which was similar among high fat diet+ anti-β2GPⅠantibody group, high fat diet+ homologous control IgG group and normal diet control group (P>0.05). (2) After 16 weeks, plasma concentrations of TC and LDL-C in high fat diet group, high fat diet+ anti-β2GPⅠantibody group and high fat diet+ homologous control IgG group were significantly higher than in normal diet group (all P<0.05), there was no significant difference among high fat diet groups. The level of HDL-C was significantly higher in high fat diet control group than in normal diet control group. The concentration of TG was similar among groups. However, the value of AI in high fat+ anti-β2GPⅠ antibody group was significantly higher than in other groups (all P<0.05). (3) After 16 weeks, magnetic resonance imaging revealed that mice in high fat diet+ anti-β2GPⅠ antibody group had more obviously lipid deposition in the carotid arteries, it was significantly higher than that in the other groups, and the cross sections of carotid arteries stained with HE also demonstrated obviously carotid lumen stenosis and the percentage of carotid plaque area to carotid artery was (37.545±1.351)% in the high fat diet+ anti-β2GPⅠ antibody group, it was significantly higher than normal diet group ((1.235±0.460)%), high fat diet control group((11.635±2.751)%) and high fat diet+ homologous control IgG group ((11.815±2.623)%), all P<0.01. In high fat diet+ anti-β2GPⅠ antibody group, the area of carotid plaque was (3.121±0.124)×104 μm2, it was also significantly higher than normal diet group ((0.094±0.015)×104 μm2), high fat diet control group ((1.309±0.147)×104 μm2) and high fat diet+ homologous control IgG group ((1.027±0.228)×104μm2), all P<0.01.@*Conclusion@#Anti-β2GPⅠ antibody can promote atherosclerotic plaque formation in high fat diet fed ApoE deficient mice.

6.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 304-307, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494163

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation of the anti-cardiolipin(aCL) antibodies and anti-β2 glycoprotein Ⅰ(anti-β2GPI) antibodies in missed abortion women.Methods Fourteen patients diagnosed missed abortion were chose as trial group,while 20 normal females received induced abortion in the same time as control group.Chemiluminescence method was used to measure the serum levels of IgG/IgM aCL and IgG/IgM anti-β2GPI antibodies in the two groups.Results The median levels of serum IgM aCL antibodies and serum IgM anti-β2GPI antibodies in trial group were significantly higher than those of control group(21.3(2.2-39.4)KU/L vs.6.0(1.5-10.7) KU/L,11.9(1.2-25.4) KU/L vs.1.9(1.1-4.0) KU/L;u=2.031,2.912;P <0.05).There were no significant differences in terms of the levels of serum IgG aCL antibodies and serum IgG anti-β2GPI antibodies between trial group and control group (P>0.05).Conclusion There is correlation between IgM aCL as well as IgM anti-β2GPI antibodies and missed abortion,so in reducing the incidence of missed abortion,early and dynamic detection of anti-cardiolipin and anti-β2 glycoprotein I antibodies in childbearing women has a certain clinical significance.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1550-6, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445431

ABSTRACT

This study is to explore the interventional effects of fluvastatin on anti-beta2GPI/beta2GPI-induced activation in THP-1 mononuclear cells. In vitro, human mononuclear cells THP-1 were treated with fluvastatin, LPS and anti-beta2GPI/beta2GPI, then the TF expression on THP-1 cells was detected by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) or TF activity was detected by kit. TNF-alpha mRNA and its protein expression were investigated by RT-PCR and ELISA kit. The expression of phospho-NF-kappaB p65 and inhibitory protein of NF-kappaB (IkappaB-alpha) were measured by Western blotting. The results suggested that the expression of TF and TNF-alpha on THP-1 cells was significantly up-regulated with treatment of anti-beta2GPI/beta2GPI complex (100 mg x L(-1)), compared with that of untreated cells (P < 0.05). Fluvastatin (50 mg x L(-1)) could decrease TF (mRNA and activity) expression and the level of TNF-alpha (mRNA and protein) in THP-1 cells with anti-beta2GPI/beta2GPI complex. The expression of TF and TNF-alpha was shown in a concentration-dependent manner. Moreover, anti-beta2GPI/beta2GPI complex could downregulate IkappaB-alpha levels and increase the levels of phospho-NF-kappaB p65. And these effects of anti-beta2GPI/beta2GPI complex could be blocked by fluvastatin. In conclusion, fluvastatin may interfere the expression and regulation of NF-kappaB signal transduction pathway, thereby inhibit the effects of anti-beta2GPI/beta2GPI on activation of THP-1 cells, by decreasing the expression of TF and TNF-alpha.

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