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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934238


Objective:To compare the efficacy of Milrinone and Papaverine in relieving the spasm of internal mammary artery (LIMA) during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG).Methods:Between April 2018 to December 2018, 200 patients who suffered obvious angina pectoris and three-vessel disease documented by coronary angiography, undergoing OPCABG at Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University were recruited in this study, including 103 males and 97 females, aged 46-74 years, with an average of (59.12±0.49) years old. For all patients, the LIMA was anastomosed to left anterior descending artery(LAD). According to different methods relieving LIMA spasm, all patients randomly divided into 4 groups (n=50): Papaverine surface infiltration group (group Ⅰ), Papaverine injection group (group Ⅱ), Milrinone surface infiltration group (group Ⅲ) and Milrinone injection group (group Ⅳ). The blood flow (ml/min) of the free LIMA, the blood flow of the LIMA-LAD after bypass, anastomotic time of obtuse marginal artery, the use of vasoactive drugs, the outcomes of perioperative period and 1 year after operation were compared in the four groups.Results:There was no significant difference between group Ⅲ and group Ⅰ in the blood flow of free LIMA and LIMA-LAD[(45.50±1.43)ml/min vs. (47.42±1.61)ml/min、(28.60±0.89)ml/min vs. (28.40±0.96)ml/min, all P>0.05]. The blood flow of free LIMA and the LIMA-LAD in group Ⅱ were significantly higher than those in group Ⅰ[(60.36±1.28)ml/min vs. (47.42±1.61)ml/min, (42.40±1.25)ml/min vs. (28.40±0.96)ml/min, all P<0.05]. The blood flow of free LIMA and LIMA-LAD in group Ⅳ were significantly higher than those in group Ⅲ[(70.86±2.00) ml/min vs. (45.50±1.43) ml/min, (59.46±1.25) ml/min vs. (28.60±0.89) ml/min, all P<0.05]. The blood flow of free LIMA and LIMA-LAD in group Ⅳ were significantly higher than those in group Ⅱ[(70.86±2.00) ml/min vs. (60.36±1.28) ml/min, (59.46±1.25) ml/min vs. (42.40±1.25)ml/min, all P<0.05]. The anastomotic time of obtuse marginal artery[(7.14±0.72)min vs. (8.30±0.93)min, (8.10±0.89)min, (8.14±0.90)min, P<0.05], the dopamine dose[(3.76±0.40)μg·kg -1·min -1 vs. (5.02±0.52)μg·kg -1·min -1, (4.84±0.48)μg·kg -1·min -1, (4.90±0.49)μg·kg -1·min -1,P<0.05] and the esmolol usage (32% vs. 60%, 58%, 58%, P<0.05) during the operation in group Ⅳ were significantly reduced compared with the other three groups. The V3 ST depression on the postoperative first day[(0.34±0.18)mv vs. (0.71±0.22)mv, (0.68±0.20)mv, (0.69±0.22) mv, P<0.05], and the TNI on the postoperative third day[(0.24±0.08)ng/ml vs. (0.56±0.15)ng/ml, (0.54±0.11)ng/ml, (0.53±0.12) ng/ml, P<0.05] were significantly lower in group Ⅳ than those in the other three groups. However, there was no significant difference about the first-year patency of LIMA-LAD among four groups. Conclusion:For relieving spasm of LIMA, the Milrinone injection was better than that of Papaverine, which could shorten the anastomotic time of obtuse marginal artery, maintain intraoperative hemodynamics stability, reduce myocardial damage during OPCABG.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800480


Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility and validity of combined directly epicardial and transapical endocardial substrate ablation guided by Carto mapping for ventricular tachycardia(VT) with left ventricular aneurysm(LVA) intra-operation in a swine model.@*Methods@#Twenty-four swine models with sustained VT and LVA were randomly divided into study group(radiofrequency ablation, RFCA, from epicardium via direct-view and endocardium via transapical access, 12 cases) and control group(endocardial RFCA via retrograde transaortic access, 12 cases). Substrate mapping for captured abnormal potentials via endocardium and epicardium was used to precisely locate the low-voltage areas. After ablation in two groups, VT was induced again to compare the effectiveness of different RFCA strategies.@*Results@#Three dimensional electro-anatomic mapping was implemented successfully in two groups under open chest. And VT substrates were largely located in the border zone of LVA. All objects in the study group underwent endocardial ablation via transapical access smoothly without operative failure. When VT inducing again, 2 cases of study group was with inducible VT, however, VT recurrence in control group was 5 cases, P=0.04.@*Conclusion@#Combined direct epicardial and transapical endocardial substrate mapping and ablation appeared to be feasible and effective for treating VT with LVA under thoracotomy.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756360


Objective To evaluate the efficacy and clinical significance of medical chemical glue as an external stent in improving the fluency rate of venous bypass graft after coronary artery bypass grafting .Methods Randomly selected 200 pa-tients from April 2010 to December 2016 included who were underwent coronary artery bypass grafting in Beijing Anzhen Hospi-tal.All patients had different degrees of angina , and coronary angiography showed multi-branches artery lesion.They were ran-domly divided into two groups, 100 in each group.Spray gel group: coronary artery bypass grafting simultaneously spraying medical chemical glue on the surface of the bridge vessel.Unsprayed gel group:simple coronary artery bypass grafting.All 200 patients were followed up in June 2018.The follow-up content mainly included: recent recurrence of angina pectoris, recent echocardiography and electrocardiogram report, coronary CTA or coronary angiography results, and current living conditions. The data obtained were collectively summarized and compared .Results The follow-up rate was 96% in the sprayed group, and 92% in the unsprayed group.Compared with the unsprayed group , the incidence of chest pain and angina pectoris was significantly lower in the sprayed group(23.96% vs.40.22%, P<0.05), the venous occlusion rate of the vein bypass graft in the sprayed group was significantly lower(29.17% vs.55.43%, P<0.01), the probability of death due to cardiac causes in the sprayed group was significant decrease(1.04% vs.6.52%, P<0.05), the number of patients with the main adverse cardiac and cerebral events(MACCE) in the sprayed group was significantly lower(9.38% vs.21.74%, P<0.01), all with statistically significant differences .The number of patients with heart failure and recurrent myocardial infarction was lower in the sprayed group, but there were no statistically significant differences .Conclusion Medical chemical glue as an external stent does play a role in improving the venous patency rate after coronary artery bypass grafting , and it is reliable for the preven-tion and treatment of vein bypass vascular stenosis after coronary artery bypass grafting .

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469342


Objective To establish a close clinical and easy to operate animal artery bypass grafting model by using vascular anastomosis wheel.Methods 15 rabbits that weighted 2.5-3.5 kg were studied.Each animal underwent an end-toend anastomosis of jugular vein and carotid artery by vascular anastomosis wheel.Carotid ultrasound and flow detection were taken immediately and 2 months after surgery respectively,as well as morphology and pathology were recorded to analyze and evaluate the intimal hyperplasia of vein graft and arteriovenous anastomotic site.Results 14 rabbits were successfully established CABG model,however 1 rabbit died of respiratory inhibition caused of excessive anesthesia.Compared with normal carotid artery,the vein bridge showed significantly lower blood flow [(50.81 ± 1.33) ml/min vs.(70.59 ± 0.68) ml/min,P <0.01,higher PI(2.15 ±0.07vs.1.22 ±0.04,P <0.01)] immediately after surgery.Compared with the vein grafts immediately after surgery,the vein grafts 2 months after surgery showed significantly lower blood flow [(27.46 ± 2.15) ml/min vs.(50.81 ± 1.33) ml/min,P < 0.01].Compared with normal jugular vein,the vein grafts 2 months after surgery showed significantly higher intimal hyperplasia[(160.30 ± 1.78) μm vs.(49.06 ± 2.76) μm,P < 0.01],and higher number of elastic plates(12.36 ± 0.25vs.3.21 ± 0.15,P < 0.01).Conclusion The use of vascular anastomosis wheel to establish an artery bypass graft model can imitate the pathological changes of vein grafts after CABG,which can provide an ideal animal model for various researches on vein grafts.