Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 58
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908703

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of levosimendan in the treatment of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) combined with cardiogenic shock (CS) and its effects on monitoring hemodynamic parameters of pulse index continuous cardiac output (PICCO).Methods:One hundred and six patients with AMI combined with CS admitted and treated in Jiaxing Second Hospital from June 2017 to December 2019 were divided into the control group and observation group according to the random number table method , with 53 cases in each group. The control group received routine comprehensive intervention, while the observation group received levosimendan treatment based on the control group. In observation group, 12 μg/kg of levosimendan was administered intravenously within 10 min, then, 0.1 μg/(kg·min) was administered intravenously and continued for 24 h. In control group, 5% glucose injection was administered intravenously, and the intravenous infusion rate and time was same as that in observation group. Both groups were treated for 24 h. PICCO was used to monitor the hemodynamic parameters , including heart rate (HR), central venous pressure (CVP), cardiac index (CI), global end-diastolic volume index (GEDVI) and extravascular lung water index (EVLWI) before and after the treatment; the neurohumoral indexes including norepinephrine (NE), angiotensinⅡ(AngⅡ); cardiac function indexes including stroke volume (SV), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and the efficacy and complications were observed and compared between two groups.Results:After 24 h of treatment, the levels of HR, CVP, GEDVI, EVLWI in two groups were decreased, and the levels of above index in the observation group were lower than those in the control group: (90.26 ± 12.61) beats/min vs. (97.82 ± 12.58) beats/min, (9.85 ± 1.14) cmH 2O (1 cmH 2O = 0.098 kPa) vs. (11.63 ± 1.37) cmH 2O, (759.53 ± 62.47) ml/m 2 vs. (867.21 ± 63.24) ml/m 2, (7.95 ± 1.56) ml/kg vs. (9.01 ± 1.78) ml/kg; after treatment the level of CI in the observation group was higher than that in the control group: (3.58 ± 0.74) L/(min·m 2) vs. (2.37 ± 0.86) L/(min·m 2), and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). After 24 h of treatment, the levels of NE and AngⅡ in two groups was decreased, and the levels of NE and AngⅡ in the observation were lower than those in the control group: (60.42 ± 5.93) ml vs. (54.42 ± 6.14) ml, (41.62 ± 4.19)% vs. (36.87 ± 4.36)%, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). After 24 h of treatment, the time of intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP) in the observation was shorter than that in the control group: (61.52 ± 15.41) h vs. (89.56 ± 17.63) h; the injury rate of renal functions in the observation was lower than that in the control group: 3.77%(2/53) vs. 18.87%(10/53), and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in mortality and other complications after 30 d of follow-up between two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Levosimengdan can significantly improve the PICCO hemodynamics, neurohumoral indexes and cardiac function indexes of patients with AMI and CS. It has a protective effect on the kidneys of patients, but it cannot significantly improve the 30-day mortality rate of patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of modified Bazhentang on the nutritional status and immune function of patients with Qi and blood deficiency syndrome in neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for gastric cancer. Method:One hundred and ten patients were randomly divided into observation group and control group with 55 cases each. Both groups accepted FOLFOX6 protocol. Patients in control group took Jianpi Shengxue tablets orally, 3 tablets/time, 3 times/day. Patients in observation group received modified Bazhentang, 1 dose/day. The course of treatment was six weeks in both groups. Before and after treatment, scores were graded according to patient generated-subjective global assessment (PG-SGA), Qi and blood deficiency syndrome, and the Revised Piper Fatigue Scale (PFS-R). Levels of serum total protein (TB), albumin (ALB), prealbumin (PAB), CD4<sup>+</sup>, CD8<sup>+</sup>, helper T lymphocyte 17 (Th17), regulatory T cell (Treg), immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM, and IgA were detected before and after therapy. Body mass index (BMI) and fat free mass index (FFMI) were measured before and after treatment. Weight loss was recorded, and the acute or subacute toxicity of anticancer drugs was evaluated. Result:The degree of malnutrition in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (<italic>Z</italic>=2.401,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The levels of TB, ALB and PAB in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The CD4<sup>+</sup>, Treg and CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup> levels in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The CD8<sup>+</sup>, Th17 and Th17/Treg levels were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Besides, the levels of IgM and IgA in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The PG-SGA score and weight loss in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The BMI and FFMI data of the observation group were higher than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The scores of PFS-R and Qi-blood deficiency syndrome were lower than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The incidence of nausea and vomiting in the observation group was 45.45% (25/55), lower than 65.45% (36/55) in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.452,<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Modified Bazhentang can be used to assist gastric cancer patients with NAC, which can improve nutritional status and immune function, promote immune balance, reduce clinical symptoms and fatigue, and reduce chemotherapy toxicity and side effects, so it is worthy of clinical use.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906183

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the antioxidant activity and chemical composition of 75% ethanol extract of <italic>Rosa cymosa</italic> roots and its different polar parts. Method:The 75% ethanol extract of <italic>R. cymosa</italic> roots was divided into dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, <italic>n</italic>-butanol and water parts by organic solvent extraction. <italic>In vitro</italic> antioxidant activity of each fraction was determined by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) free radical scavenging assays, as well as ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) test. The contents of total triterpenes, total phenols, total tannins and condensed tannins in each fraction were determined by spectrophotometry. SPSS 24.0 software was used to conduct Pearson correlation analysis between the antioxidant activity of each fraction and the content of the main components, and then the main active fraction and the main active components were determined. The chemical constituents of the active fraction was analyzed by ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS), and the structures of the main chromatographic peaks were predicted. Result:Each fraction of <italic>R. cymosa</italic> roots had certain antioxidant activity, and there was a significant dose-effect relationship within a certain concentration range, but the antioxidant activity of different polar parts was different. In DPPH and ABTS free radical scavenging tests, the antioxidant activity of each fraction and vitamin C (VC, the positive drug) was ranked as ethyl acetate fraction>VC><italic>n</italic>-butanol fraction>ethanol extract>water fraction>dichloromethane fraction. In FRAP test, the activity of ethyl acetate fraction was weaker than that of VC, and the other order was unchanged. The contents of total triterpenes, total phenols, total tannins and condensed tannins in ethyl acetate fraction were 3.81%, 50.33%, 3.32%, and 39.79%, in <italic>n</italic>-butanol fraction were 0.88%, 41.42%, 2.25% and 23.55%, in ethanol extract were 2.90%, 41.95%, 3.43% and 20.14%, in water fraction were 0, 26.80%, 16.90% and 7.57%, and in dichloromethane fraction were 21.23%, 12.90%, 1.59%, and 6.17%, respectively. Correlation analysis results showed that the contents of total phenols and condensed tannins were positively correlated with the antioxidant activity, the contents of total triterpenes were negatively correlated with the antioxidant activity, and the correlation between total tannins and antioxidant activity was not obvious. A total of 26 compounds were identified from the ethyl acetate fraction by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS, including 11 condensed tannins, 4 hydrolysable tannins, 6 triterpenes, 3 flavonoids, 1 benzoic acid derivative and 1 chlorogenic acid analogue. Conclusion:Ethyl acetate fraction is the main antioxidant active site of <italic>R. cymosa</italic> roots, and phenols mainly composed of condensed tannins are the main active components. The results can provide experimental basis for the development of natural antioxidants.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921794

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the newly isolated tannins were sorted after a review of the literature concerning tannins in recent 10 years, and their research progress was summarized in terms of extraction, isolation, pharmacological activity and metabolism. Hydrolysable tannins and condensed tannins are the main structural types. Modern research shows that tannins have many pharmacological effects, such as bacteriostasis, antioxidation, antitumor, antivirus and blood glucose reduction, and have broad development prospects. They are usually extracted by water, ethanol and acetone and isolated and purified by macroporous resin and gel column chromatography. The packings commonly adopted for the column chromatography mainly included Sephadex LH-20, Diaion HP-20, MCI-gel CHP-20 and Toyopearl HW-40. Modern analytical techniques such as nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy(NMR), fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry(FAB-MS) and circular dichroism(CD) are generally used for the structural identification of tannins. Howe-ver, their isolation, purification and structural identification are still challenging. It is necessary to use a variety of high-throughput screening methods to explore their pharmacological activities and to explore the material basis responsible for their functions through experiments in vivo.


Subject(s)
China , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Proanthocyanidins , Tannins
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879140

ABSTRACT

To explore the potential molecular mechanism of Mongolian medicine Bawei Sanxiang San in the treatment of chronic heart failure(CHF) through network pharmacology and molecular docking technology. The active ingredients and potential targets of Bawei Sanxiang San were collected by applying TCMSP, BATMAN databases and literature mining. CHF-related genes were collected through TTD, GeneCards and CTD databases. After the potential common targets between Bawei Sanxiang San and CHF were disco-vered, the interaction network diagram of "compound-target-pathway" was constructed using Cytoscape. The intersecting targets were imported into the DAVID database for GO function and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. Finally, the Autodock_vina software was used to molecularly dock the selected proteins with the active ingredients of Bawei Sanxiang San. The results showed that there were 60 active ingredients in Bawei Sanxiang San that might be used to treat CHF, involving 311 target genes and 7 signaling pathways that directly related to CHF, such as HIF-1 signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, calcium signaling pathway, cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, renin secretion. Additionally, molecular docking showed that the bioactive compounds had good binding activity with the protein receptors of key target genes. Bawei Sanxiang San might exert therapeutic effects on CHF by regulating cardiomyocytes, angiogenic and inflammation related targets and pathways in a multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway manner.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Heart Failure/genetics , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Medicine, Mongolian Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873173

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of flavonoid compounds on vascular endothelial cells. Vascular endothelial cells were located between plasma and vascular tissue, and can complete the metabolic exchange of plasma and interstitial fluid, synthesize and secrete a variety of biologically active substances, so as to ensure the normal contraction and relaxation of blood vessels, and maintain the tension of blood vessels. Besides, it can regulate blood pressure and the balance of blood coagulation and anticoagulation, and maintain normal blood flow and long-term patency of blood vessels. Endothelial cell damage can cause a series of cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension and coronary heart disease. Flavonoids are widely found in nature. Because these compounds are mostly yellow or light yellow, they contain ketone groups in the molecule, which are called flavones. Flavonoids are widely distributed, mostly in higher plants and ferns. Various flavonoid compounds, such as flavonoids, flavonols, flavanones isoflavones and flavanones, can protect vascular endothelial cells. This article reviews relevant findings published in domestic and foreign journals. It is found that flavonoids have effects in resisting inflammation, reducing blood vessel fragility, improving blood vessel permeability, lowering blood lipids and cholesterol, vasodilating and resisting hemagglutinating, with the same effect as phytoestrogens. They can reduce vascular endothelial cell damage through anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative stress, stable mitochondrial function, and regulating nitric oxide(NO). It can be used in clinic to treat diseases, such as insufficient cerebral blood supply, sequelae caused by cerebral hemorrhage, hyperviscosity, cerebral thrombosis, coronary heart disease and angina pectoris.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828078

ABSTRACT

Flavonoids are important active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine, mainly with cardiovascular, anti-liver injury, antioxidant, antispasmodic, and estrogen-like effects. These compounds have obvious effects on the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Macrophage-derived foam cells are the key medium in the process of atherosclerosis(AS). In plaque, allserum lipids, serum lipoproteins, and various pro-or anti-inflammatory stimulating factors, chemokines, and small bioactive molecules can significantly affect the macrophage phenotype and induce stronger pro-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory properties. Studies have shown that some flavonoids can be used for macrophages through different pathways and mechanisms, playing an anti-atherosclerosis effect to different degrees, including promotion of cholesterol efflux from macrophages, anti-foaming of macrophages, inhibition of secretion of inflammatory factors, and antioxidant modified low density lipoprotein(ox-LDL)-induced apoptosis of macrophages. Related gene regulation inclu-ded ATP-binding cassette transporter A1(ABCA1), ATP-binding cassette transporter G1(ABCG1), Toll-like receptor(TLR), and scavenger receptor(SR). In this article, we would review the recent research progress of flavonoids on anti-atherosclerosis effect me-diated by macrophage. It is expected to provide new treatment strategies for AS-related cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and provide research ideas and development directions for the use of related natural medicines and design of new products.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter 1 , Atherosclerosis , Cholesterol , Flavonoids , Foam Cells , Humans , Lipoproteins, LDL , Macrophages
8.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 968-972, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818357

ABSTRACT

Objective The main cause of systemic inflammatory response syndrome(SIRS) after percutaneous nephrolithotomy(PCNL) was still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors associated with SIRS after PCNL and establish the nomogram model. Methods A retrospective analysis of 213 cases of PCNL patients due to upper urinary calculi admitted to urology department in affiliated hospital of guilin medical college from December 2017 to December 2018 was performed. According to the occurrence of SIRS, patients were divided into SIRS group (SIRS patients) and control group (patients without SIRS). Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of SIRS after PCNL, and a nomogram model was established based on logistic regression model. Results There were 54 cases in the SIRS group and 159 in the control group. Gender(OR=2.547, 95%cl:1.229-5.275), diabetes (OR=5.027, 95%cl: 1.442-17.525), calculi surface area (OR=2.657, 95%cl: 1.206-5.853), NLR immediately after surgery (OR=3.793, 95%cl: 1.749-8.02), operation time (OR=2.985, 95%cl: 1.305-6.826), and blood transfusion (OR=12.50, 95%cl: 12.50). 1.954-80.056) were the risk factors of SIRS after PCNL (P<0.05). Based on the results of the logistic multi-factor regression model mentioned above, visualized display of the model was achieved by using column and diagram. As the NLR ratio, operation time and stone surface area increased immediately after the operation, the score gradually increased, and the risk of SIRS gradually increased. The nomogram model established according to logistic regression model has good differentiation and model consistency (c-index =0.791). Conclusion According to the risk factors, such as gender, diabetes history, stone surface area, immediate postoperative NLR, the constructed nomogram model has good predictive efficacy, which is of guiding significance for clinical practice.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774049

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study heart rate variability (HRV) in neonates with non-benign tachyarrhythmia (NNTA) and the role of automatic nervous system (ANS) in NNTA.@*METHODS@#The neonates who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology, the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, from January 2010 to June 2018 and were diagnosed with NNTA were enrolled as the NNTA group, and the neonates with sinus rhythm or accidental premature beats on ambulatory electrocardiography were enrolled as the control group. Each group was further subdivided into preterm and term subgroups. A retrospective analysis was performed for their clinical data.@*RESULTS@#A total of 27 NNTA neonates were enrolled, accounting for 0.28% (27/9 632) of all neonates hospitalized during the same period of time, and 53 neonates were enrolled in the control group. Compared with the preterm and term control subgroups, the preterm NNTA and term NNTA subgroups had a significant increase in the standard deviation of average RR interval (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Immature and unbalanced ANS function may play an important role in the development and progression of NNTA.


Subject(s)
Heart Rate , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Retrospective Studies , Tachycardia
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743573

ABSTRACT

Objective To report the surgical nursing strategy of a patient undergoing resection of a rare giant neurofibroma.Methods Through the preoperative comprehensive assessment of patients,multidisciplinary joint consultation and proposed possible surgical risks and countermeasures,specialist to formulate surgical plans,surgical care and nursing key points,difficulties and countermeasures.Results The psychological nursing,detailed and perfect the preoperative preparation work,the personnel allocation was sufficient,the division of labor was clear,the disease changes were actively observed in the operation,the venous pathway was strictly managed,the accurate record,the risk that might occur in the active prevention operation and the treatment plan,the postoperative closely monitors the condition.Good observation and nursing in the operation area to prevent infection.Conclusions In view of difficult and complicated operation,through the comprehensive formulation of surgical nursing measures and strict execution in surgery,it is the guarantee for the smooth completion of the operation,the operation process is smooth,the successful implementation of tumor resection,the effect is satisfactory,the patient is returned to the ward,and there is no special discomfort.

11.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 22-25, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706460

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the attenuation of immobilization baseplate of carbon fiber for ray and the change of dose verification results for enhanced radiation field of MatriXX. And to primarily research the influence of this immobilization baseplate for the dose distribution of radiation field of radiotherapy.Methods: 20 patients with cervical cancer were enrolled in the research. The angle of gantry was 180°in the enhanced plan of immobilization field, and the corresponding verification plans were designed. When the verification plan was implemented on the Varian Clinac iX of accelerator, the two-dimensional ionization chamber array (MatriXX) was used to measure dose distributions of the plan. The immobilization baseplate of carbon fiber (ORFIT AIO) was used in the research. The situations of no baseplate (A group), one baseplate (B group), two baseplates (C group)and three baseplates (D group)between the handpiece of accelerator and Matri XX were researched, respectively. The data of the 4 groups were obtained by using software (OminiPro I'mRT), and the largest dose point and passing rate of Gamma in plane of radiation field were counted and analyzed.Results: Compared with A group, the average attenuation factors for ray on the largest dose point of B, C and D group in the plane of radiation field were (1.73±0.11)%, (3.44±0.36)%, and (5.48±0.44)%, respectively. The passing rates of Gamma in the 4 groups were (94.87±2.31)%, (99.18±0.61)%, (99.79±0.27)% and (96.24±1.99)%, respectively. And the differences of passing rate between each group and A group were statistical significance (t=9.788,t=9.261,t=2.256,P<0.05).Conclusion:The immobilization baseplate of carbon fiber has influence for the attenuation of high-energy X-rays and it can affect the dose distribution of radiation field which has passed baseplate in some degrees. And when physicists calculates the dose, they should consider the effect of immobilization baseplate of carbon fiber for dose distribution of radiation field.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688044

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study aims to study the effect of the improved partial denture treatment in the rehabilitation of patients with temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty middle-aged and old patients suffering from osteoarthrosis were treated with the improved partial denture treatment. These patients were followed up during the partial denture treatment and after the rehabilitation. Both the clinical symptoms and Fricton's craniomandibular index were used to evaluate the clinical effects. Data were analyzed using SPSS17.0.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The effective rate reached 100% when the patients wore partial dentures for 1 month. All of the 20 patients were comfortable with temporomandibular joint, and they expressed ultimate satisfaction with the denture. The Fricton indexes of 20 patients decreased significantly after the treatment (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Partial denture treatment is an ideal method in rehabilitation for patients with TMD (osteoarthrosis) and dentition defect.</p>

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299284

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the changes in endogenous small molecule metabolites after benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) exposure in rat cerebral cortex and explore the mechanism of B[a]P neurotoxicity.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Five-day-old SD rats were subjected to gavage administration of 2 mg/kg B[a]P for 7 consecutive weeks. After the exposure, the rats were assessed for spatial learning ability using Morris water maze test, ultrastructural changes of the cortical neurons under electron microscope, and metabolite profiles of the cortex using GC/MS. The differential metabolites between the exposed and control rats were identified with partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and the metabolic pathways related with the differential metabolites were analyzed using Cytoscape software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, the rats exposed to B[a]P showed significantly increased escape latency (P<0.05) and decreased time spent in the target area (P<0.05). The exposed rats exhibited widened synaptic cleft, thickened endplate membrane and swollen cytoplasm compared with the control rats. Eighteen differential metabolites (VIP>1, P<0.05) in the cortex were identified between the two groups, and 9 pathways associated with B[a]P neurotoxicity were identified involving amino acid metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle and Vitamin B3 (niacin and nicotinamide) metabolism.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>B[a]P can cause disturbance in normal metabolisms and its neurotoxicity is possibly related with disorders in amino acid metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle and vitamin metabolism.</p>

14.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 202-218, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757377

ABSTRACT

UHRF2 is a ubiquitin-protein ligase E3 that regulates cell cycle, genomic stability and epigenetics. We conducted a co-immunoprecipitation assay and found that TIP60 and HDAC1 interact with UHRF2. We previously demonstrated that UHRF2 regulated H3K9ac and H3K14ac differentially in normal and cancer cells. However, the accurate signal transduction mechanisms were not clear. In this study, we found that TIP60 acted downstream of UHRF2 to regulate H3K9ac and H3K14ac expression. TIP60 is stabilized in normal cells by UHRF2 ubiquitination. However, TIP60 is destabilized in cancer cells. Depletion or inhibition of TIP60 disrupts the regulatory relationship between UHRF2, H3K9ac and H3K14ac. In summary, the findings suggest that UHRF2 mediated the post-translational modification of histones and the initiation and progression of cancer.


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Histone Acetyltransferases , Genetics , Metabolism , Histones , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Lysine Acetyltransferase 5 , Neoplasm Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , RING Finger Domains , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases , Genetics , Metabolism , Ubiquitination
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663630

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of processized nutrition treatment strategy on the clinical efficacy of critically ill patients.Methods A prospective study was conducted, and 195 patients admitted to Department of Intensive Care Unit of Jiaxing Second Hospital from July 2016 to February 2017 were enrolled. From July to September 2016, 94 cases were assigned in the control group, and they were given the routine nutritional treatment program. From October to November 2016, the training of processized nutrition treatment strategy was carried out and improved according to plan-do-check-act (PDCA) cycle management plan, From December 2016 to February 2017, 101 cases were assigned in the observation group and treated by the doctor and nurse processized nutrition treatment strategy. The differences of early enteral nutrition (EEN) ratio, the time reaching standard of enteral nutrition (EN) in two group were compared, the incidence of complications related to EN, mechanical ventilation time, ICU hospitalization time, ICU expense and mortality were observed between the two groups.Results Compared with the control group, the ratio of EEN was significantly increasedin the observation group [90.1% (91/101) vs. 47.9% (45/94)], the time reaching standard of EN shortened (days: 5.18±1.43 vs. 6.47±1.95), the incidences of gastrointestinal tract related complications [0.77% (9/1173) vs. 1.67% (22/1319)] and ventilator associated pneumonia [VAP: 4.90‰(4/816) vs. 15.32‰(16/1044)] were obviously decreased, ICU hospitalization time (days:11.61±5.93 vs. 14.03±8.27), mechanical ventilation time (days: 8.08±6.16 vs. 11.11±7.87), the mortality [23.76% (24/101) vs. 31.91% (30/94)] were significantly reduced in the observation group (allP < 0.05), but the ICU hospitalization expenses had no significant difference in observation group and control group (millions: 7.26±7.23 vs. 7.07±4.60,P > 0.05).Conclusions The processized nutrition treatment strategy can improve the EEN implementation rate of critically ill patients, help to establish EN as early as possible, reduce the incidence of gastrointestinal and pulmonary infections and other complications.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658157

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and clinical significance of excision repair cross complementing gene 1 (ERCC1 )in colorectal carcinoma of stage Ⅱ and its clinical significance.Methods We collected 56 cases of stage Ⅱ postoperative colorectal carcinoma tissue and detected ERCC1 expression with immunofluorescence technique.Statistical analysis was made with SPSS13.0 software.Results ERCC1 expression was obviously lower in stage II postoperative colorectal carcinoma tissue than in normal tissue (P =0.01).In cancer tissue,ERCC1 expression in patients with relapse or metastasis was significantly lower than in those without (P =0.002);ERCC1 expression in patients with T3 was significantly higher than those with T4 (P = 0.044).ERCC1 expression had a positive correlation with the overall survival (OS)and disease-free survival (DFS)(both P =0.000).In the group of high ERCC1 expression patients,five-year OS rate and DFS rate between patients who had received oxaliplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy and those who did not have no significant difference (P =0.351;P =0.465).In the group of low ERCC1 expression patients,five-year OS rate and DFS rate of patients who received oxaliplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy were significantly higher than those of patients who did not (P =0.015,P =0.02).ERCC1 (P =0.031 )and relapse or metastasis (P =0.009)were independent factors affecting OS;relapse or metastasis (P =0.000)was an independent factor affecting DFS.Conclusion ERCC1 is an independent factor affecting the OS of patients with stage Ⅱ colorectal carcinoma.Patients with low ERCC1 expression have poor prognosis,but they can benefit from oxaliplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy.

17.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1499-1503, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657841

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the characteristics and significance signification of changes of cerebral glucose metabolism in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD).Methods Seventeen patients diagnosed with AD based on standard clinical diagnostic criteria (AD group),and 15 healthy volunteers as normal control group (HC group)were enrolled in this study.Positron emission tomography (PET)were performed in both groups and three-dimensional reconstruction images were obtained.The visual evaluation,regions of interesting (ROI)technology and brain function analysis software were used to analyze PET results data in of each group.Results ①In AD group,glucose metabolisam was decreased and mainly distributed in the parietal lobe,temporal lobe,frontal cortex,posterior cingultate and hippocampus,but not in occipital lobe,basal ganglia,thalamus and cerebellum nuclei basales,thalamus and opisthencephalon.Ssomatic sensation and motor functionand were not affected.②Compared with mild AD patients,glucose metabolism inof moderate and severe AD patients was decreased more significantly in parietal lobe,temporal lobe,frontal cortex,posterior cingultate and hippocampus,with a wider range of lesionsthe range also expanded,and visual area and speech centerpartly followed by the disorder of visual center and speech center may bewere involved in some patients.③The built-in brain function analysis software of PET system software carried by PET system was more objectiveprecise and accurate than visual evaluation or and ROI technology,can accurately reflected the changes in brain glucose metabolism which and iwas suitable for popularization and application.Conclusion Because the distribution of impaired glucose metabolism in cerebral cortex hads certain characteristics and regularity laws in AD patients.18 F-FDG PET imaging can maybe meaningful valuable in diagnosis,differential diagnosis and therapeutic evaluation in AD.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852947

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expression of Wnt/β-catenin pathway in diabetic nephropathy (DN) rats and the intervention effect of Chinese materia medica (CMM) for dispersing blood stasis and dredging collateral. Methods: Ten rats were selected as control group from 60 rats, the remaining rats were established as DN models by feeding high glucose and high fat diet combined with low-dose streptozotocin ip injection. Model rats were randomly divided into model group, irbesartan treatment group, and CMM group. The rats in each group were ig administered with corresponding drug, at the end of the 20th week, the 24 h urinary total protein was detected. The expression levels of Wnt4 and β-catenin mRNA and protein in renal tissue were detected. Results: Compared with control group, the 24 h urinary total protein, expression of Wnt4, β-catenin mRNA, and protein significantly increased in the model group (P < 0.01). Compared with model group, 24 h urinary total protein, the expression of Wnt4, β-catenin mRNA, and protein decreased significantly in irbesartan group and CMM group (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). Conclusion: CMM for dispersing blood stasis and dredging collateral might decrease proteinuria in DN rats. It can also inhibit the high expression of Wnt/β-catenin pathway in the kidney of diabetic nephropathy rats. The effect might be one of the main ways to reduce urinary protein excretion.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660947

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and clinical significance of excision repair cross complementing gene 1 (ERCC1 )in colorectal carcinoma of stage Ⅱ and its clinical significance.Methods We collected 56 cases of stage Ⅱ postoperative colorectal carcinoma tissue and detected ERCC1 expression with immunofluorescence technique.Statistical analysis was made with SPSS13.0 software.Results ERCC1 expression was obviously lower in stage II postoperative colorectal carcinoma tissue than in normal tissue (P =0.01).In cancer tissue,ERCC1 expression in patients with relapse or metastasis was significantly lower than in those without (P =0.002);ERCC1 expression in patients with T3 was significantly higher than those with T4 (P = 0.044).ERCC1 expression had a positive correlation with the overall survival (OS)and disease-free survival (DFS)(both P =0.000).In the group of high ERCC1 expression patients,five-year OS rate and DFS rate between patients who had received oxaliplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy and those who did not have no significant difference (P =0.351;P =0.465).In the group of low ERCC1 expression patients,five-year OS rate and DFS rate of patients who received oxaliplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy were significantly higher than those of patients who did not (P =0.015,P =0.02).ERCC1 (P =0.031 )and relapse or metastasis (P =0.009)were independent factors affecting OS;relapse or metastasis (P =0.000)was an independent factor affecting DFS.Conclusion ERCC1 is an independent factor affecting the OS of patients with stage Ⅱ colorectal carcinoma.Patients with low ERCC1 expression have poor prognosis,but they can benefit from oxaliplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy.

20.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1499-1503, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660307

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the characteristics and significance signification of changes of cerebral glucose metabolism in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD).Methods Seventeen patients diagnosed with AD based on standard clinical diagnostic criteria (AD group),and 15 healthy volunteers as normal control group (HC group)were enrolled in this study.Positron emission tomography (PET)were performed in both groups and three-dimensional reconstruction images were obtained.The visual evaluation,regions of interesting (ROI)technology and brain function analysis software were used to analyze PET results data in of each group.Results ①In AD group,glucose metabolisam was decreased and mainly distributed in the parietal lobe,temporal lobe,frontal cortex,posterior cingultate and hippocampus,but not in occipital lobe,basal ganglia,thalamus and cerebellum nuclei basales,thalamus and opisthencephalon.Ssomatic sensation and motor functionand were not affected.②Compared with mild AD patients,glucose metabolism inof moderate and severe AD patients was decreased more significantly in parietal lobe,temporal lobe,frontal cortex,posterior cingultate and hippocampus,with a wider range of lesionsthe range also expanded,and visual area and speech centerpartly followed by the disorder of visual center and speech center may bewere involved in some patients.③The built-in brain function analysis software of PET system software carried by PET system was more objectiveprecise and accurate than visual evaluation or and ROI technology,can accurately reflected the changes in brain glucose metabolism which and iwas suitable for popularization and application.Conclusion Because the distribution of impaired glucose metabolism in cerebral cortex hads certain characteristics and regularity laws in AD patients.18 F-FDG PET imaging can maybe meaningful valuable in diagnosis,differential diagnosis and therapeutic evaluation in AD.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL