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1.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 826-832, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985993

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and safety of letermovir in primary prophylaxis of cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation in patients receiving haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Methods: This retrospective, cohort study was conducted using data of patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation at Peking University Institute of Hematology and received letermovir for primary prophylaxis between May 1, 2022 and August 30, 2022. The inclusion criteria of the letermovir group were as follows: letermovir initiation within 30 days after transplantation and continuation for≥90 days after transplantation. Patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation within the same time period but did not receive letermovir prophylaxis were selected in a 1∶4 ratio as controls. The main outcomes were the incidence of CMV infection and CMV disease after transplantation as well as the possible effects of letermovir on acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD), non-relapse mortality (NRM), and bone marrow suppression. Categorical variables were analyzed by chi-square test, and continuous variables were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for evaluating incidence differences. Results: Seventeen patients were included in the letermovir prophylaxis group. The median patient age in the letermovir group was significantly greater than that in the control group (43 yr vs. 15 yr; Z=-4.28, P<0.001). The two groups showed no significant difference in sex distribution and primary diseases, etc. (all P>0.05). The proportion of CMV-seronegative donors was significantly higher in the letermovir prophylaxis group in comparison with the control group (8/17 vs. 0/68, χ2=35.32, P<0.001). Three out of the 17 patients in the letermovir group experienced CMV reactivation, which was significantly lower than the incidence of CMV reactivation in the control group (3/17 vs. 40/68, χ2=9.23, P=0.002), and no CMV disease development observed in the letermovir group. Letermovir showed no significant effects on platelet engraftment (P=0.105), aGVHD (P=0.348), and 100-day NRM (P=0.474). Conclusions: Preliminary data suggest that letermovir may effectively reduce the incidence of CMV infection after haploidentical transplantation without influencing aGVHD, NRM, and bone marrow suppression. Prospective randomized controlled studies are required to further verify these findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cytomegalovirus , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Prospective Studies , Cytomegalovirus Infections/prevention & control , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Recurrence , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use
2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 636-642, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985539

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish and optimize PCR methods for the gene encoding of Clostridium perfringens β2 toxin (cpb2) and atypical-cpb2 (aty-cpb2), analyze the epidemiological characteristics and genetic polymorphism of the cpb2 of Clostridium perfringens in 9 Chinese areas from 2016 to 2021. Methods: The cpb2 of 188 Clostridium perfringens strains were examined by PCR; the cpb2 sequences were acquired by whole-genome sequencing to analyze the genetic polymorphism. Using Mega 11 and the Makeblastdb tool, a phylogenetic tree, and cpb2-library based on 110 strains carrying the cpb2 were produced. Using the Blastn technique, a comparison was made to discover sequence similarity between consensus-cpb2 (con-cpb2) and aty-cpb2. Results: The specificity of PCR assay for the cpb2 and aty-cpb2 was verified. The PCR results for cpb2 amplification were highly consistent with the whole-genome sequencing approach (Kappa=0.946, P<0.001). A total of 107 strains from nine regions in China carried cpb2, 94 types A strains carried aty-cpb2, 6 types A strains carried con-cpb2, and 7 types F strains carried aty-cpb2. The nucleotide sequence similarity between the two coding genes was 68.97%-70.97%, and the similarity between the same coding genes was 98.00%-100.00%. Conclusions: In this study, a specific PCR method for cpb2 toxin was developed, and the previous PCR method for detecting aty-cpb2 was improved. aty-cpb2 is the primary gene encoding of β2 toxin. There is a significant nucleotide sequence variance between the various cpb2 genotypes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clostridium perfringens/genetics , Clostridium Infections , Bacterial Toxins/genetics , Phylogeny , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Genetic
3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 624-628, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985537

ABSTRACT

Objective: We analyze the characteristics of Clostridioides difficile (C. difficile) infection among diarrhea patients in Kunming from 2018 to 2020 and provide evidence for follow-up surveillance and prevention. Methods: A total of 388 fecal samples of diarrhea patients from four sentinel hospitals in Yunnan Province from 2018 to 2020 were collected. Real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect the fecal toxin genes of C. difficile. The positive fecal samples isolated the bacteria, and isolates were identified by mass spectrometry. The genomic DNA of the strains was extracted for multi-locus sequence typing (MLST). The fecal toxin, strain isolation, and clinical patient characteristics, including co-infection with other pathogens, were analyzed. Results: Among the 388 fecal samples, 47 samples with positive reference genes of C. difficile were positive, with a total positive rate of 12.11%. There were 4 (8.51%) non-toxigenic and 43 (91.49%) toxigenic ones. A total of 18 strains C. difficile were isolated from 47 positive specimens, and the isolation rate of positive specimens was 38.30%. Among them, 14 strains were positive for tcdA, tcdB, tcdC, tcdR, and tcdE. All 18 strains of C. difficile were negative for binary toxins. The MLST results showed 10 sequence types (ST), including 5 strains of ST37, accounting for 27.78%; 2 strains of ST129, ST3, ST54, and ST2, respectively; and 1 strain of ST35, ST532, ST48, ST27, and ST39, respectively. Fecal toxin gene positive (tcdB+) results were statistically associated with the patient's age group and with or without fever before the visit; positive isolates were only statistically associated with the patient's age group. In addition, some C. difficile patients have co-infection with other diarrhea-related viruses. Conclusions: The infection of C. difficile in diarrhea patients in Kunming is mostly toxigenic strains, and the high diversity of strains was identified using the MLST method. Therefore, the surveillance and prevention of C. difficile should be strengthened.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacterial Toxins/genetics , Enterotoxins/genetics , Clostridioides difficile/genetics , Multilocus Sequence Typing , Coinfection , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , China/epidemiology , Clostridium Infections/epidemiology , Diarrhea/microbiology
4.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 90-95, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994548

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) on psychological and physical function and quality of life in patients with rectal cancer.Methods:From May 2014 to May 2019, 200 patients were included. LARS scale score was adopted, and the clinical and pathological data were collected. Univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were performed. the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life core questionnaire and psychological distress management screening tool survey were conducted to evaluate the quality of life and psychological state. The incidence of postoperative sexual dysfunction in male patients was analyzed.Results:The incidence of LARS was 43.0%. Multivariate analysis showed that body mass index ≥24 kg/m 2, anastomotic leakage, anastomotic distance ≤5 cm from anal margin, and preoperative radiotherapy were independent risk factors for LARS ( OR=2.123, 15.109, 7.302, 12.682, all P<0.05).The overall health level and the scores of physical function and emotional function in the functional dimension of patients in the severe LARS group were significantly lower than those in the no/mild LARS group ( t=5.788, 8.831, 8.745, all P<0.05). The scores of fatigue and diarrhea were significantly higher than those in the no/mild LARS group ( t=26.280, 49.476, all P<0.05). The psychological distress thermometer score and the scores of communication , emotional and physical problems in the severe LARS group were significantly higher than those in the no/mild LARS group ( t=4.246, 6.563, 5.913, 4.408, all P<0.05). Conclusion:LARS is a common complication after Dixon procedure for rectal cancer. Body mass index ≥24 kg/m 2, anastomotic leakage, anastomotic distance from anal margin ≤5 cm, and preoperative radiotherapy are independent risk factors for LARS.

5.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 751-756, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992163

ABSTRACT

Objective:To preliminarily develop a fertility motivation scale for infertile women (FMS-IW) and test its reliability and validity.Methods:The FMS-IW was developed according to the theory of self-determination and Maslow's hierarchy of needs, and the original item pool was established through clinical psychological counseling practice experience, literature review, consulting clinical psychotherapists, interviewing with infertile women and open-ended questionnaires. The original scale was constructed on item analysis and exploratory factor analysis in 257 infertile women. The formal version of FMS-IW was further adapted by Delphi method and tested in another 392 women to conduct confirmatory factor analysis and reliability test. Furthermore, 56 participants of 392 women were randomly retested with FMS-IW after two weeks.SPSS 25.0 and Amos 24.0 software were used for Spearman analysis, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis.Results:Exploratory factor analysis showed that the FMS-IW was composed of 16 items consisting of two factors: autonomous fertility motivation and controlled fertility motivation. The cumulative variance contribution rate was 64.18%. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the model fitted well ( χ2/ df=3.292, RMSEA=0.077, SRMR=0.055, GFI=0.902, AGFI=0.871, IFI=0.938, CFI=0.938, TLI=0.928). The Cronbach's α coefficient of the FMS-IW was 0.908. The Cronbach's α coefficient for autonomous and controlled fertility motivation was 0.911 and 0.928, respectively. The parity split-half coefficient of the formal version of FMS-IW was 0.870. The test-retest reliability of the formal version of FMS-IW was 0.823. Conclusion:The FMS-IW has good reliability and validity, and can be used as an effective tool to measure fertility motivation in infertile women.

6.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 607-611, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990568

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between the G71R polymorphism of the UGT1A1 gene and neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Methods:DNA was extracted from blood samples of 61 neonates with severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia(severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia group), 60 neonates with hyperbilirubinemia(hyperbilirubinemia group) and 62 healthy neonates(control group), the G71R mutation of UGT1A1 gene was analyzed by direct sequencing. Results:In severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia group, there were 17 cases of homozygous mutation(A/A), 23 cases of heterozygous mutation(A/G) , and 21 cases of wild type(G/G) , with 28.87% homozygous mutation rate and 37.70% heterozygous mutation rate.In neonatal hyperbilirubinemia group, there were ten cases of homozygous mutation(A/A), 28 cases of heterozygous mutation(A/G) and 22 cases of wild type(G/G), with 16.67% homozygous mutation rate and 46.67% heterozygous mutation rate.In the control group, there were nine cases of homozygous mutation (A/A), 28 cases of heterozygous mutation(A/G) and 25 cases of wild type(G/G), among which the homozygous mutation rate was 14.52% and the heterozygous mutation rate was 45.16%.The genotype frequency( χ2=4.14, P=0.38)and allele frequency( χ2=2.47, P=0.29)of G71R in severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia group, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia group and control group were not statistically significant. Conclusion:The G71R polymorphism of the UGT1A1 gene may not be significantly correlated with the prevalence of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2781-2791, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981381

ABSTRACT

Rosae Radix et Rhizoma is a herbal medicine in a variety of famous Chinese patent medicines, while the quality standard for this medicine remains to be developed due to the insufficient research on the quality of Rosae Radix et Rhizoma from different sources. Therefore, this study comprehensively analyzed the components in Rosae Radix et Rhizoma of different sources from the aspects of extract, component category content, identification based on thin-lay chromatography, active component content determination, and fingerprint, so as to improve the quality control. The results showed that the content of chemical components varied in the samples of different sources, while there was little difference in the chemical composition among the samples. The content of components in the roots of Rosa laevigata was higher than that in the other two species, and the content of components in the roots was higher than that in the stems. The fingerprints of triterpenoids and non-triterpenoids were established, and the content of five main triterpenoids including multiflorin, rosamultin, myrianthic acid, rosolic acid, and tormentic acid in Rosae Radix et Rhizoma was determined. The results were consistent with those of major component categories. In conclusion, the quality of Rosae Radix et Rhizoma is associated with the plant species, producing area, and medicinal parts. The method established in this study lays a foundation for improving the quality standard of Rosae Radix et Rhizoma and provides data support for the rational use of the stem.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Rhizome/chemistry , Plant Roots/chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Quality Control
8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1584-1589, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977846

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the intervention effect and related mechanism of Tongxinluo capsule on renal fibrosis in rats with diabetic nephropathy (DN). METHODS Eight rats were selected as control group (ordinary feed), the remaining rats were given high-glucose and high-fat diet combined with ip injection of streptozotocin (35 mg/kg) to induce DN model. Model rats were randomly divided into model group (purified water), irbesartan group (positive control, 14.12 mg/kg) and Tongxinluo capsule group (0.3 g/kg), including 12 rats in the model group and 11 rats for each of the other two groups. All groups were given relevant medicine or water intragastrically, once a day, for 16 consecutive weeks. After the last medication, fasting blood glucose and 24 h urinary total protein (24 h UTP) were detected. Pathological changes in renal cortex of rats in each group were observed. Serum levels of tissue-type plasminogen activator (PA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) were measured. mRNA expressions of transforming growth factor-β(1 TGF-β1), type Ⅳ collagen(COL-Ⅳ), Wnt4 and β-catenin in renal cortex of rats were detected. The protein depositions or expressions of TGF-β1, COL-Ⅳ, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), integrin-linked kinase (ILK), E-cadherin, PA, PAI-1, Wnt4 and β-catenin in renal cortex of rats were observed or determined. RESULTS Compared with model group, 24 h UTP of rats in Tongxinluo capsule group were all significantly reduced (P<0.05); pathological damage and fibrosis of renal cortex were relieved; the expression of PA in serum and renal cortex was significantly increased, while PAI-1 level was significantly reduced (P<0.05); the depositions of COL-Ⅳ and TGF-β1 in renal cortex were all reduced, and corresponding mRNA expression was decreased significantly (P<0.05); the depositions of ILK and FAK were decreased, while the deposition of E-cadherin was increased; protein and mRNA expressions of Wnt4 and β-catenin were significantly reduced (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Tongxinluo capsule can relieve pathological damage to renal tissue and renal fibrosis of DN model rats, and reduce extracellular matrix deposition. The mechanism may be related to regulation of fibrinolytic system activity, the decrease of ILK and FAK expression, and inhibition of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 769-775, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956504

ABSTRACT

Lateral ankle avulsion fracture is a common sports injury that can lead to chronic lateral ankle instability and substantial deterioration of the joint function. Currently, problems such as misdiagnosis, inappropriate treatment, disparate outcomes and lack of standardization are usually met in the diagnosis and treatment of lateral ankle avulsion fracture. The Foot and Ankle Committee of Chinese Association of Sports Medicine Physicians thus organized a working group of experts in the field of sports medicine and ankle surgery from China to develop "An evidence-based clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of lateral ankle avulsion fractures (2022 version)" in accordance with the principle of evidence-based medicine and scientificity and practicability. The guideline covered the topics of imaging diagnosis, indications and methods of non-operative and operative treatment as well as postoperative rehabilitation, in order to provide guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of lateral ankle avulsion fracture.

10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2392-2402, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879140

ABSTRACT

To explore the potential molecular mechanism of Mongolian medicine Bawei Sanxiang San in the treatment of chronic heart failure(CHF) through network pharmacology and molecular docking technology. The active ingredients and potential targets of Bawei Sanxiang San were collected by applying TCMSP, BATMAN databases and literature mining. CHF-related genes were collected through TTD, GeneCards and CTD databases. After the potential common targets between Bawei Sanxiang San and CHF were disco-vered, the interaction network diagram of "compound-target-pathway" was constructed using Cytoscape. The intersecting targets were imported into the DAVID database for GO function and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. Finally, the Autodock_vina software was used to molecularly dock the selected proteins with the active ingredients of Bawei Sanxiang San. The results showed that there were 60 active ingredients in Bawei Sanxiang San that might be used to treat CHF, involving 311 target genes and 7 signaling pathways that directly related to CHF, such as HIF-1 signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, calcium signaling pathway, cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, renin secretion. Additionally, molecular docking showed that the bioactive compounds had good binding activity with the protein receptors of key target genes. Bawei Sanxiang San might exert therapeutic effects on CHF by regulating cardiomyocytes, angiogenic and inflammation related targets and pathways in a multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Heart Failure/genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Medicine, Mongolian Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
11.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 935-939, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908703

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of levosimendan in the treatment of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) combined with cardiogenic shock (CS) and its effects on monitoring hemodynamic parameters of pulse index continuous cardiac output (PICCO).Methods:One hundred and six patients with AMI combined with CS admitted and treated in Jiaxing Second Hospital from June 2017 to December 2019 were divided into the control group and observation group according to the random number table method , with 53 cases in each group. The control group received routine comprehensive intervention, while the observation group received levosimendan treatment based on the control group. In observation group, 12 μg/kg of levosimendan was administered intravenously within 10 min, then, 0.1 μg/(kg·min) was administered intravenously and continued for 24 h. In control group, 5% glucose injection was administered intravenously, and the intravenous infusion rate and time was same as that in observation group. Both groups were treated for 24 h. PICCO was used to monitor the hemodynamic parameters , including heart rate (HR), central venous pressure (CVP), cardiac index (CI), global end-diastolic volume index (GEDVI) and extravascular lung water index (EVLWI) before and after the treatment; the neurohumoral indexes including norepinephrine (NE), angiotensinⅡ(AngⅡ); cardiac function indexes including stroke volume (SV), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and the efficacy and complications were observed and compared between two groups.Results:After 24 h of treatment, the levels of HR, CVP, GEDVI, EVLWI in two groups were decreased, and the levels of above index in the observation group were lower than those in the control group: (90.26 ± 12.61) beats/min vs. (97.82 ± 12.58) beats/min, (9.85 ± 1.14) cmH 2O (1 cmH 2O = 0.098 kPa) vs. (11.63 ± 1.37) cmH 2O, (759.53 ± 62.47) ml/m 2 vs. (867.21 ± 63.24) ml/m 2, (7.95 ± 1.56) ml/kg vs. (9.01 ± 1.78) ml/kg; after treatment the level of CI in the observation group was higher than that in the control group: (3.58 ± 0.74) L/(min·m 2) vs. (2.37 ± 0.86) L/(min·m 2), and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). After 24 h of treatment, the levels of NE and AngⅡ in two groups was decreased, and the levels of NE and AngⅡ in the observation were lower than those in the control group: (60.42 ± 5.93) ml vs. (54.42 ± 6.14) ml, (41.62 ± 4.19)% vs. (36.87 ± 4.36)%, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). After 24 h of treatment, the time of intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP) in the observation was shorter than that in the control group: (61.52 ± 15.41) h vs. (89.56 ± 17.63) h; the injury rate of renal functions in the observation was lower than that in the control group: 3.77%(2/53) vs. 18.87%(10/53), and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in mortality and other complications after 30 d of follow-up between two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Levosimengdan can significantly improve the PICCO hemodynamics, neurohumoral indexes and cardiac function indexes of patients with AMI and CS. It has a protective effect on the kidneys of patients, but it cannot significantly improve the 30-day mortality rate of patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 117-122, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of modified Bazhentang on the nutritional status and immune function of patients with Qi and blood deficiency syndrome in neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for gastric cancer. Method:One hundred and ten patients were randomly divided into observation group and control group with 55 cases each. Both groups accepted FOLFOX6 protocol. Patients in control group took Jianpi Shengxue tablets orally, 3 tablets/time, 3 times/day. Patients in observation group received modified Bazhentang, 1 dose/day. The course of treatment was six weeks in both groups. Before and after treatment, scores were graded according to patient generated-subjective global assessment (PG-SGA), Qi and blood deficiency syndrome, and the Revised Piper Fatigue Scale (PFS-R). Levels of serum total protein (TB), albumin (ALB), prealbumin (PAB), CD4<sup>+</sup>, CD8<sup>+</sup>, helper T lymphocyte 17 (Th17), regulatory T cell (Treg), immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM, and IgA were detected before and after therapy. Body mass index (BMI) and fat free mass index (FFMI) were measured before and after treatment. Weight loss was recorded, and the acute or subacute toxicity of anticancer drugs was evaluated. Result:The degree of malnutrition in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (<italic>Z</italic>=2.401,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The levels of TB, ALB and PAB in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The CD4<sup>+</sup>, Treg and CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup> levels in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The CD8<sup>+</sup>, Th17 and Th17/Treg levels were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Besides, the levels of IgM and IgA in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The PG-SGA score and weight loss in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The BMI and FFMI data of the observation group were higher than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The scores of PFS-R and Qi-blood deficiency syndrome were lower than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The incidence of nausea and vomiting in the observation group was 45.45% (25/55), lower than 65.45% (36/55) in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.452,<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Modified Bazhentang can be used to assist gastric cancer patients with NAC, which can improve nutritional status and immune function, promote immune balance, reduce clinical symptoms and fatigue, and reduce chemotherapy toxicity and side effects, so it is worthy of clinical use.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 117-125, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906183

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the antioxidant activity and chemical composition of 75% ethanol extract of <italic>Rosa cymosa</italic> roots and its different polar parts. Method:The 75% ethanol extract of <italic>R. cymosa</italic> roots was divided into dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, <italic>n</italic>-butanol and water parts by organic solvent extraction. <italic>In vitro</italic> antioxidant activity of each fraction was determined by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) free radical scavenging assays, as well as ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) test. The contents of total triterpenes, total phenols, total tannins and condensed tannins in each fraction were determined by spectrophotometry. SPSS 24.0 software was used to conduct Pearson correlation analysis between the antioxidant activity of each fraction and the content of the main components, and then the main active fraction and the main active components were determined. The chemical constituents of the active fraction was analyzed by ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS), and the structures of the main chromatographic peaks were predicted. Result:Each fraction of <italic>R. cymosa</italic> roots had certain antioxidant activity, and there was a significant dose-effect relationship within a certain concentration range, but the antioxidant activity of different polar parts was different. In DPPH and ABTS free radical scavenging tests, the antioxidant activity of each fraction and vitamin C (VC, the positive drug) was ranked as ethyl acetate fraction>VC><italic>n</italic>-butanol fraction>ethanol extract>water fraction>dichloromethane fraction. In FRAP test, the activity of ethyl acetate fraction was weaker than that of VC, and the other order was unchanged. The contents of total triterpenes, total phenols, total tannins and condensed tannins in ethyl acetate fraction were 3.81%, 50.33%, 3.32%, and 39.79%, in <italic>n</italic>-butanol fraction were 0.88%, 41.42%, 2.25% and 23.55%, in ethanol extract were 2.90%, 41.95%, 3.43% and 20.14%, in water fraction were 0, 26.80%, 16.90% and 7.57%, and in dichloromethane fraction were 21.23%, 12.90%, 1.59%, and 6.17%, respectively. Correlation analysis results showed that the contents of total phenols and condensed tannins were positively correlated with the antioxidant activity, the contents of total triterpenes were negatively correlated with the antioxidant activity, and the correlation between total tannins and antioxidant activity was not obvious. A total of 26 compounds were identified from the ethyl acetate fraction by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS, including 11 condensed tannins, 4 hydrolysable tannins, 6 triterpenes, 3 flavonoids, 1 benzoic acid derivative and 1 chlorogenic acid analogue. Conclusion:Ethyl acetate fraction is the main antioxidant active site of <italic>R. cymosa</italic> roots, and phenols mainly composed of condensed tannins are the main active components. The results can provide experimental basis for the development of natural antioxidants.

14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6353-6365, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921794

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the newly isolated tannins were sorted after a review of the literature concerning tannins in recent 10 years, and their research progress was summarized in terms of extraction, isolation, pharmacological activity and metabolism. Hydrolysable tannins and condensed tannins are the main structural types. Modern research shows that tannins have many pharmacological effects, such as bacteriostasis, antioxidation, antitumor, antivirus and blood glucose reduction, and have broad development prospects. They are usually extracted by water, ethanol and acetone and isolated and purified by macroporous resin and gel column chromatography. The packings commonly adopted for the column chromatography mainly included Sephadex LH-20, Diaion HP-20, MCI-gel CHP-20 and Toyopearl HW-40. Modern analytical techniques such as nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy(NMR), fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry(FAB-MS) and circular dichroism(CD) are generally used for the structural identification of tannins. Howe-ver, their isolation, purification and structural identification are still challenging. It is necessary to use a variety of high-throughput screening methods to explore their pharmacological activities and to explore the material basis responsible for their functions through experiments in vivo.


Subject(s)
China , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Proanthocyanidins , Tannins
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2827-2834, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828078

ABSTRACT

Flavonoids are important active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine, mainly with cardiovascular, anti-liver injury, antioxidant, antispasmodic, and estrogen-like effects. These compounds have obvious effects on the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Macrophage-derived foam cells are the key medium in the process of atherosclerosis(AS). In plaque, allserum lipids, serum lipoproteins, and various pro-or anti-inflammatory stimulating factors, chemokines, and small bioactive molecules can significantly affect the macrophage phenotype and induce stronger pro-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory properties. Studies have shown that some flavonoids can be used for macrophages through different pathways and mechanisms, playing an anti-atherosclerosis effect to different degrees, including promotion of cholesterol efflux from macrophages, anti-foaming of macrophages, inhibition of secretion of inflammatory factors, and antioxidant modified low density lipoprotein(ox-LDL)-induced apoptosis of macrophages. Related gene regulation inclu-ded ATP-binding cassette transporter A1(ABCA1), ATP-binding cassette transporter G1(ABCG1), Toll-like receptor(TLR), and scavenger receptor(SR). In this article, we would review the recent research progress of flavonoids on anti-atherosclerosis effect me-diated by macrophage. It is expected to provide new treatment strategies for AS-related cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and provide research ideas and development directions for the use of related natural medicines and design of new products.


Subject(s)
Humans , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter 1 , Atherosclerosis , Cholesterol , Flavonoids , Foam Cells , Lipoproteins, LDL , Macrophages
16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 203-211, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873173

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of flavonoid compounds on vascular endothelial cells. Vascular endothelial cells were located between plasma and vascular tissue, and can complete the metabolic exchange of plasma and interstitial fluid, synthesize and secrete a variety of biologically active substances, so as to ensure the normal contraction and relaxation of blood vessels, and maintain the tension of blood vessels. Besides, it can regulate blood pressure and the balance of blood coagulation and anticoagulation, and maintain normal blood flow and long-term patency of blood vessels. Endothelial cell damage can cause a series of cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension and coronary heart disease. Flavonoids are widely found in nature. Because these compounds are mostly yellow or light yellow, they contain ketone groups in the molecule, which are called flavones. Flavonoids are widely distributed, mostly in higher plants and ferns. Various flavonoid compounds, such as flavonoids, flavonols, flavanones isoflavones and flavanones, can protect vascular endothelial cells. This article reviews relevant findings published in domestic and foreign journals. It is found that flavonoids have effects in resisting inflammation, reducing blood vessel fragility, improving blood vessel permeability, lowering blood lipids and cholesterol, vasodilating and resisting hemagglutinating, with the same effect as phytoestrogens. They can reduce vascular endothelial cell damage through anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative stress, stable mitochondrial function, and regulating nitric oxide(NO). It can be used in clinic to treat diseases, such as insufficient cerebral blood supply, sequelae caused by cerebral hemorrhage, hyperviscosity, cerebral thrombosis, coronary heart disease and angina pectoris.

17.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 474-478, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774049

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study heart rate variability (HRV) in neonates with non-benign tachyarrhythmia (NNTA) and the role of automatic nervous system (ANS) in NNTA.@*METHODS@#The neonates who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology, the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, from January 2010 to June 2018 and were diagnosed with NNTA were enrolled as the NNTA group, and the neonates with sinus rhythm or accidental premature beats on ambulatory electrocardiography were enrolled as the control group. Each group was further subdivided into preterm and term subgroups. A retrospective analysis was performed for their clinical data.@*RESULTS@#A total of 27 NNTA neonates were enrolled, accounting for 0.28% (27/9 632) of all neonates hospitalized during the same period of time, and 53 neonates were enrolled in the control group. Compared with the preterm and term control subgroups, the preterm NNTA and term NNTA subgroups had a significant increase in the standard deviation of average RR interval (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Immature and unbalanced ANS function may play an important role in the development and progression of NNTA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Heart Rate , Retrospective Studies , Tachycardia
18.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 968-972, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818357

ABSTRACT

Objective The main cause of systemic inflammatory response syndrome(SIRS) after percutaneous nephrolithotomy(PCNL) was still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors associated with SIRS after PCNL and establish the nomogram model. Methods A retrospective analysis of 213 cases of PCNL patients due to upper urinary calculi admitted to urology department in affiliated hospital of guilin medical college from December 2017 to December 2018 was performed. According to the occurrence of SIRS, patients were divided into SIRS group (SIRS patients) and control group (patients without SIRS). Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of SIRS after PCNL, and a nomogram model was established based on logistic regression model. Results There were 54 cases in the SIRS group and 159 in the control group. Gender(OR=2.547, 95%cl:1.229-5.275), diabetes (OR=5.027, 95%cl: 1.442-17.525), calculi surface area (OR=2.657, 95%cl: 1.206-5.853), NLR immediately after surgery (OR=3.793, 95%cl: 1.749-8.02), operation time (OR=2.985, 95%cl: 1.305-6.826), and blood transfusion (OR=12.50, 95%cl: 12.50). 1.954-80.056) were the risk factors of SIRS after PCNL (P<0.05). Based on the results of the logistic multi-factor regression model mentioned above, visualized display of the model was achieved by using column and diagram. As the NLR ratio, operation time and stone surface area increased immediately after the operation, the score gradually increased, and the risk of SIRS gradually increased. The nomogram model established according to logistic regression model has good differentiation and model consistency (c-index =0.791). Conclusion According to the risk factors, such as gender, diabetes history, stone surface area, immediate postoperative NLR, the constructed nomogram model has good predictive efficacy, which is of guiding significance for clinical practice.

19.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 162-167, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299284

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the changes in endogenous small molecule metabolites after benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) exposure in rat cerebral cortex and explore the mechanism of B[a]P neurotoxicity.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Five-day-old SD rats were subjected to gavage administration of 2 mg/kg B[a]P for 7 consecutive weeks. After the exposure, the rats were assessed for spatial learning ability using Morris water maze test, ultrastructural changes of the cortical neurons under electron microscope, and metabolite profiles of the cortex using GC/MS. The differential metabolites between the exposed and control rats were identified with partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and the metabolic pathways related with the differential metabolites were analyzed using Cytoscape software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, the rats exposed to B[a]P showed significantly increased escape latency (P<0.05) and decreased time spent in the target area (P<0.05). The exposed rats exhibited widened synaptic cleft, thickened endplate membrane and swollen cytoplasm compared with the control rats. Eighteen differential metabolites (VIP>1, P<0.05) in the cortex were identified between the two groups, and 9 pathways associated with B[a]P neurotoxicity were identified involving amino acid metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle and Vitamin B3 (niacin and nicotinamide) metabolism.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>B[a]P can cause disturbance in normal metabolisms and its neurotoxicity is possibly related with disorders in amino acid metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle and vitamin metabolism.</p>

20.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 22-25, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706460

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the attenuation of immobilization baseplate of carbon fiber for ray and the change of dose verification results for enhanced radiation field of MatriXX. And to primarily research the influence of this immobilization baseplate for the dose distribution of radiation field of radiotherapy.Methods: 20 patients with cervical cancer were enrolled in the research. The angle of gantry was 180°in the enhanced plan of immobilization field, and the corresponding verification plans were designed. When the verification plan was implemented on the Varian Clinac iX of accelerator, the two-dimensional ionization chamber array (MatriXX) was used to measure dose distributions of the plan. The immobilization baseplate of carbon fiber (ORFIT AIO) was used in the research. The situations of no baseplate (A group), one baseplate (B group), two baseplates (C group)and three baseplates (D group)between the handpiece of accelerator and Matri XX were researched, respectively. The data of the 4 groups were obtained by using software (OminiPro I'mRT), and the largest dose point and passing rate of Gamma in plane of radiation field were counted and analyzed.Results: Compared with A group, the average attenuation factors for ray on the largest dose point of B, C and D group in the plane of radiation field were (1.73±0.11)%, (3.44±0.36)%, and (5.48±0.44)%, respectively. The passing rates of Gamma in the 4 groups were (94.87±2.31)%, (99.18±0.61)%, (99.79±0.27)% and (96.24±1.99)%, respectively. And the differences of passing rate between each group and A group were statistical significance (t=9.788,t=9.261,t=2.256,P<0.05).Conclusion:The immobilization baseplate of carbon fiber has influence for the attenuation of high-energy X-rays and it can affect the dose distribution of radiation field which has passed baseplate in some degrees. And when physicists calculates the dose, they should consider the effect of immobilization baseplate of carbon fiber for dose distribution of radiation field.

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