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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 586-591, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920729

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish HPLC finger print of Leonurus japonicus granules,and to determine the contents of 4 index components such as leonurine hydrochloride ,ferulic acid ,rutin,hyperoside. METHODS The determination was performed on Inertsil TM ODS-3 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile (A)-0.1% formic acid solution (B)in the form of gradient elution;the flow rate was 1.0 mL/min,the detection wavelength was 280 nm,the column temperature was 25 ℃,and the sample size was 5 µL. Similarity Evaluation System of Chromatogram Fingerprint of TCM (2012 edition)was used for establishing the HPLC fingerprints of 10 batches of L. japonicus granules and analyzing their similarities. By comparing with HPLC fingerprints of reference substance ,the common peaks were identified. SPSS 25.0 and SIMCA 13.0 software were used for cluster analysis and principal component analysis ;the above HPLC method was used for the content determination of 4 index components in L. japonicus granules such as leonurine hydrochloride ,ferulic acid ,rutin,hyperoside. RESULTS HPLC fingerprints of 10 batches of L. japonicus granules were established ,and 16 common peaks were matched ,and 4 peaks identified were leonurine hydrochloride (peak 6),ferulic acid (peak 13),rutin(peak 14),hyperoside(peak 16);the similarities of 10 batches of samples were all higher than 0.970. The 10 batches of samples could be divided into four categories by cluster analysis and principal component analysis;the classification results were consistent. The contents of leonurine hydrochloride ,ferulic acid ,rutin and hyperoside were 122.10-138.82 μ g/g,9.33-10.45 μ g/g,14.12-18.95 μ g/g,5.87-8.06 μ g/g,respectively. CONCLUSIONS Established HPLC fingerprint of L. japonicus granules and the method for the content determination of 4 index components are simple and easy to operate,and have high precision and good repeatability ,which provide reference for the quality evaluation of L. japonicus granules.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908404

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of Kawasaki disease(KD)with complications of acute abdominal disease and to improve the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of patients.Methods:A total of 2 931 cases with KD hospitalized from January 2016 to December 2019 in our department were retrospectively analyzed, including 14 children with acute abdominal disease(acute abdomen group). And 62 patients with KD but without acute abdominal disease were randomly selected as the control group.The clinical characteristics, laboratory examination and treatment between two groups were compared and analyzed.Results:There were 8 males and 6 females.The average age of patients was(4.46±0.74) years.Compared with control group, there was no significant difference in age, sex and proportion of coronary artery injury in acute abdomen group( P>0.05). Acute abdominal disease group were more likely to have gastrointestinal symptoms, intravenous immunoglobulin(IVIG) resistance and longer fever duration( P<0.05). C-reactive protein(CRP), alanine aminotransferase(ALT), aspartate aminotransferase(AST), γ-glutamyltranspeptidase(GGT) and total bilirubin(TBIL) in acute abdominal disease group were significantly higher( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in white blood cell, erythroayte sedimentation rate, hemoglobin, platelet, Na + , albumin between two groups( P>0.05). All of the 14 patients used IVIG, 3 of them were treated with hormone(methylprednisolone)and 1 patient accepted infliximab.All patients were discharged from hospital.After follow-up for 6 months to 3 years, all patients had no sequelae of digestive system. Conclusion:KD can be complicated with acute abdominal disease, some of which as the first symptom.Gastrointestinal manifestations such as abdominal pain are common.For children with obvious gastrointestinal symptoms, IVIG resistance, and long duration of fever, attention should be paid to the possibility of acute abdominal disease.For children with significantly elevated CRP, ALT, AST, GGT, and TBIL should to be alert to the possibility of acute abdominal disease.KD complicated with acute abdominal disease generally has good prognosis.It is important to treat KD in the first place.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908377

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide a theoretical basis for diagnosing and treating recurrent Kawasaki disease based on data analysis of clinical symptoms.Methods:Data analysis of children with recurrent Kawasaki disease admitted to Beijing Children′s Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2016 to December 2019 was conducted, including comparisons of the initial onset and the recurrence on patients′ clinical features, auxiliary examination and treatment.Results:During the four-year scale, 3 041 children with Kawasaki disease were admitted to the department of Cardiology.The recurrence data involved 65 children[male∶female 3.1∶1, average aged(2.42 ± 2.04) years]. First, children′s fever duration was(5.66 ± 2.37) days in recurrence data, significantly shorter than that of their initial onset.The recurrence data also reported a lower incidence of rash and limb changes, together with respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms.Then, 19 cases out of the 65 children got coronary artery lesion(CAL) at their initial onset.A relief of CAL was reported from 15 children when the disease recurred, along with 11 new-reported CAL cases.Intravenous immunoglobulin(IVIG) refractory Kawasaki disease cases accounted for nine at the initial onset and 12 at the recurrent onset, respectively.Five IVIG refractory recurrent cases reported significant relief after 2 g/kg IVIG treatment.Conclusion:The recurrent Kawasaki disease in children usually occurs among children under three years old, within the first year after the initial onset.Most of the recurrent cases report a shorter fever duration and less typical clinical symptoms than their first onset.In some cases, IVIG treatment showed effects initially but failed to work when the disease recurred.Therefore, glucocorticoid or infliximab should be considered for further treatment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908349

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the characteristics of hypertension and target organ damage in hospitalized children, so as to provide scientific basis for comprehensive prevention and management of hypertension children.Methods:The clinical data of 165 hospitalized children diagnosed with hypertension at Beijing Children′s Hospital from January 2017 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively.Data including medical history, clinical symptoms, signs, auxiliary examination and treatment strategy were collected and analyzed statistically.Results:Of 165 admitted hypertensive children who met the inclusion criteria, 35(21.2%)were classified as having primary hypertension, and 130(78.8%)were secondary hypertension.The body mass index(BMI)and the rate of family history of children with primary hypertension were higher than those of children with secondary hypertension, the differences were statistically significant( t=2.052, P=0.026; χ2=3.321, P=0.009). Among 165 children with hypertension, 137 had varying degrees of clinical symptoms(83.0%), only nine primary hypertension cases showed symptoms.The original etiologies of secondary hypertension included 78 cases of renal disease(60.0%), 23 cases of cardiogenic disease(17.7%), six cases of endocrine disease(4.6%)and five cases of rheumatic disease(3.8%). Of all admitted patients, the blood pressure of 158 cases(95.8%)decreased to normal with weight control, low-fat and low-salt diet, antihypertensive drugs and treatment of primary disease.Besides, the parents of seven cases gave up any treatment and left hospital. Conclusion:Secondary hypertension is the main type of hypertension in children, among which renal parenchymal disease is the most common etiology.The clinical symptoms also vary by its original etiology.The overall goal of this study is to reduce the risk of target organ damage, and get blood pressure under control relatively early and effectively.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907888

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical and genetic characteristics of catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) in children caused by CASQ2 gene variants. Methods:The clinical data of 8 children (4 males and females, respectively) with CPVT caused by CASQ2 gene variants admitted to Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2017 to November 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.The targeted next generation sequencing was employed to identify CASQ2 variants and Sanger sequencing was conducted to conform the candidate variants and determine the parental origin. Results:As for 8 children in this study, the average age of onset was 6.4 years, the mean age at diagnosis was 9.4 years, and the average interval from onset to diagnosis was 3 years.Only 2 cases had clearly diagnosis at onset, other 6 cases had a delay to diagnosis and 3 cases of them were diagnosed at other hospitals as having epilepsy and did not respond to anti-epileptic therapy.During physical activity and/or emotional stress, 8 cases presented with recurrent syncope and were able to regain consciousness after a few minutes.They had no a history of sudden cardiac death or family history.There was no abnormality on resting electrocardiogram during the paroxysmal interval in 6 cases and mild sinus bradycardia in 2 cases.Typical bidirectional ventricular tachycardia (VT) and/or polymorphic VT were detected in 8/8 cases and 5/5 cases, respectively, based on Holter electrocardiography and cardiac stress test.The CASQ2 gene variant was found in all children, with 6 cases carrying compound heterozygous variants and 2 cases carrying homozygous variants.A total of 9 different CASQ2 variants were detected in 8 cases, of which 5 had not been previously reported.According to the family-line verification, all of them had a familial variant, with no novel variants.All 8 cases were treated orally with β-blockers, with asymptomatically recurrent episodes, with a mean follow-up of 1.5 years, during which implantable cardioverter defibrillation was performed in 1 case owing to severe sinus bradycardia.There was no death case among them. Conclusions:CPVT with CASQ2 variants is characterized by early onset before preschool age, recurrent syncope after exercise or emotional stress and bidirectional/polymorphic VT.Early diagnosis of CPVT remains challenging due to delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis.Treatment with β-blockers can achieve favorable effectiveness and safety.Five novel variants in this study would further expand the database of CASQ2 genes.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907887

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize characteristics and rules of blood pressure variability (BPV) in children with H-type hypertension, in an attempt to explore some basis for further selection of the time points of treatment.Methods:A total of 117 children diagnosed as essential hypertension in Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from March 2018 to September 2019 were selected as the research objective.According to the serum level of homocysteine (Hcy), those children were divided into the simple essential hypertension group (74 cases, Hcy≤13.9 μmol/L) and the H-type hypertension group (43 cases, Hcy>13.9 μmol/L). All children received 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (24 h ABPM), and BPV indexes were recorded and subject to group comparison.Meanwhile, the serum Hcy level was monitored.Besides, the demographic data and such blood biochemical indexes as blood glucose, blood fat and renal function were recorded or measured for an analysis of the correlation between BPV and each index.Results:There were no significant differences in gender, age, body mass index (BMI) and biochemical indexes between the simple essential hypertension group and the H-type hypertension group (all P>0.05). Compared with the simple essential hypertension group, the H-type hypertension group had a significantly higher 24 h systolic blood pressure standard deviation [24 h SSD, (11.21±3.23) mmHg vs.(9.64±2.73) mmHg, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa, t=-2.806, P<0.05], nighttime systolic blood pressure standard deviation [nSSD, (10.79±3.89) mmHg vs.(9.26±3.23) mmHg, t=-2.292, P<0.05], and nighttime diastolic blood pressure standard deviation [nDSD, (10.23±3.53) mmHg vs.(8.73±2.93) mmHg, t=-2.617, P<0.05]. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the serum Hcy level was significantly positively correlated with 24 h, SSD, nSSD and nDSD ( r=0.194, 0.183, 0.182, all P<0.05). Conclusions:24 h SSD in children with H-type hypertension is significantly higher, with an obvious increase in both nSSD and nDSD, and the serum Hcy level was significantly positively correlated with BPV, which suggested that it was required to effectively control the serum Hcy level, reduce the range of blood pressure fluctuation and select the optimal time points of treatment, thus delaying the progress of hypertension.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3518-3525, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906829

ABSTRACT

A quantitative analysis method for ten principal components (phenylethanol, iridoids and triterpenes) of raw Ligustri Lucidi Fructus and its wine-steamed product was developed using liquid chromatography tandem triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC-QQQ-MS) to study their pharmacokinetic behavior in vivo. The results of methodological investigation were in accord with the criteria of biological analysis. After a single administration to rats of the water extracts of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus and its wine-steamed product, the plasma concentration of each component at different time points was measured and the pharmacokinetic parameters were determined. The AUC0-24 h and Cmax of the phenylethanol components (salidroside, tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol) were the greatest, suggesting that these components are the main pharmacological substances of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus. In addition, the tmax values of the eight major components were even lower with administration of the wine-steamed product, suggesting that these components are rapidly absorbed. However, the tmax values of specnuezhenide and oleanolic acid were greater with administration of the wine-steamed product, indicating that these two components were more slowly absorbed. A secondary peak phenomenon of tyrosol and hydroxytyrosol were observed in two sample groups, whereas the secondary peak phenomenon of salidroside occurred only with the wine-steamed product. This result suggests that the effect of wine-steamed product could persist for a long period. Meanwhile, the relative bioavailability of specnuezhenide and oleanolic acid was greater than 100% with administration of the wine-steamed product, consistent with the Traditional Chinese Medicine theory of the wine-steamed product being more effective than the raw material. The results reveal the different pharmacokinetic parameters and relative bioavailability of each component of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus and its wine-steamed product, and also demonstrate the variation and correlation of various components in vivo and in vitro, providing an experimental basis for the selection of quality control indexes, mechanisms of processing and the metabolic rule in vivo of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus. These experiments were approved by the Ethics Committee of Institute of Basic Theory for Chinese Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medicine Science.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881402

ABSTRACT

@#The transcription factor c-Myc regulates the proliferation, differentiation, metabolism and other key processes of normal cells extensively.The unleashed MYC oncogene frequently produces abundant c-Myc protein, which directly regulates the gene expression of key metabolic enzymes, or tumor-related metabolic pathways by inhibiting microRNA, leading to abnormal metabolism characterized by heightened nutrients uptake, enhanced glycolysis and glutaminolysis, and elevated fatty acid and nucleotide synthesis.This paper briefly summarizes how c-Myc regulated metabolism on glycolysis, glutamine metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle, lipid metabolism and nucleotide synthesis in cancer cell,which provides some theoretical reference for the development of antitumor targets and drugs involving c-Myc.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921793

ABSTRACT

This paper reviewed the traditional use of Paris polyphylla and its active components, aiming to provide reference for the development and utilization of this plant. It was found that P. polyphylla has been used as a medicinal plant by eight ethnic minorities. A total of 62 experiential effective recipes, including 29 simple recipes and 33 compound recipes, were analyzed for their indications, traditional processing methods, medicinal compatibilities, and administration doses. The top three in the eight ethnic minorities sorted by the quantity of folk recipes were the Yi nationality(18), Naxi nationality(13) and Bai nationality(12). P. polyphylla has been widely employed for the treatment of nine categories of diseases, especially the dermatologic diseases, trauma, and toxicosis currently. The collating of material basis for its traditional functions revealed 26 active components, among which 19 were steroidal saponins capable of resisting cancer, furuncles, carbuncles, abscesses, bacteria, inflammation and stopping bleeding. This study preliminarily proved the efficacy of P. polyphylla in treating cancer and respiratory system, digestive system, and genitourinary system diseases, which has provided clues for related basic research of P. polyphylla and development of new preparations.


Subject(s)
Liliaceae , Melanthiaceae , Plants, Medicinal , Saponins
10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 991-998, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921304

ABSTRACT

Placenta is the only link between the pregnant woman and fetus, and the basis for maintaining the normal pregnancy process and fetal development. Maternal stress is the maternal physiological and psychological changes caused by various factors, characterized by the increased level of glucocorticoid, which affects the hypothalamic-pituitary-target gland axis and regulates the expression of target genes. Maternal stress also changes the weight, metabolism and nutrient transportation of the placenta, which will substantially influence the development of fetus. This paper will firstly summarize the characteristics of maternal stress and its influence on offspring. Then, the changes in the body under maternal stress will be described. Finally, we will clarify the proven mechanisms underlying maternal stress and raise some important problems that have not been clarified in this area. The study of maternal stress on fetus and its underlying mechanisms will serve as theoretical basis for the diagnosis and treatment of the stress-related pregnant diseases and disorders.


Subject(s)
Female , Fetal Development , Fetus , Humans , Placenta , Pregnancy
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879019

ABSTRACT

Triterpenoids are one of the most active constituents in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, but only oleanolic acid has been mostly studied. In recent years, a growing number of studies have shown that other triterpenes from Ligustri Lucidi Fructus also have various biological activities, so it is necessary to build up a detailed profile of the triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus. The chromatographic separation was performed on a C_(18) column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with mobile phase of methanol-acetonitrile-0.2% formic acid for gradient elution. The detection wavelength was set at 210 nm, with a flow rate of 0.5 mL·min~(-1), and the column temperature of 25 ℃. The HPLC fingerprint of triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus was built by testing 21 batches of samples from different sources. The structures of the total 15 common chromatographic peaks were elucidated with UHPLC-ESI-Orbitrap-MS/MS technique and six of them were identified as tormentic acid, pomolic acid, maslinic acid, botulin, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid by comparison to the reference substances. Under the same chromatographic condition, four main triterpenes(podocarboxylic acid, hawthorn acid, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid) were quantified and the results of system adaptability and methodology investigation all met the requirements of content determination. Meanwhile, with oleanolic acid(A) as the internal reference substance, quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) method was used to analyze the above four components. The relative correction factor of oleanolic acid(B), hawthorn acid(C) and ursolic acid(D) to oleanolic acid was f_(B/A)=1.12, f_(C/A)=1.02 and f_(D/A)=0.88, respectively, and the relative retention values of these three to oleanolic acid was RRV_(B/A)=0.46, RRV_(C/A)=0.70 and RRV_(D/A)=1.03, respectively. The contents determined by two methods were similar. In conclusion, the method built in this paper is proved to be simple, reliable and specific for the simultaneous qualitative and quantitative analysis of the triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, which can lay foundation for further assays of the triterpenoids in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus and the relative products.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Ligustrum , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Triterpenes
12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 416-420, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867240

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of salmon calcitonin combined with vitamin D3 in the treatment of chronic renal insufficiency and secondary hyperthyroidism and its effects on bone calcium metabolism.Methods:A total of 40 patients with chronic renal failure who underwent hemodialysis in our blood purification center from September 2017 to December 2017 were selected for the study and were divided into treatment group (20 cases) and control group (20 cases) according to the random number table method. Patients in control group were given conventional treatment + calcitriol orally, and patients in treatment group were given subcutaneous injection of salmon calcitonin on the basis of control group. The course of treatment in both groups was 12 weeks. The clinical efficacy and clinical symptoms improvement, serum calcium, serum phosphorus and parathyroid hormone (iPTH) as well as the adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. The Kidney Disease Targeted Areas (KDTA) and Visual Analogue Pain Score (VAS) were used to evaluate the patients' quality of life and bone pain.Results:The effective rate in treatment group was significantly higher than that in control group (95.00% vs 65.00%) ( P<0.05). The clinical symptoms of bone joint pain, muscle weakness and skin itching were significantly improved in the two groups, and the improvement was more significant in treatment group compared with that in control group ( P<0.05). The serum calcium levels in the two groups were significantly increased ( P<0.05), while the levels of serum phosphorus and iPTH were significantly decreased ( P<0.05); the serum calcium in treatment group was significantly higher than that in control group ( P<0.05), while the blood phosphorus and iPTH were significantly lower than those in control group ( P<0.05). The KDTA scores in the two groups were significantly increased ( P<0.05), while the VAS scores were significantly decreased ( P<0.05); the KDTA score in treatment group was significantly higher than that in control group ( P<0.05), while the VAS score was significantly lower than that in control group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in adverse reactions between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The treatment effect of salmon calcitonin combined with vitamin D3 on chronic renal insufficiency secondary hyperthyroidism is obvious, and the clinical symptoms such as bone pain are improved obviously. It is believed that salmon calcitonin is related to the regulation of calcium, phosphorus and bone metabolism.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880522

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of early intervention of Tongxinluo (, TXL) on right ventricular function (RVF) of rats with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) induced by monocrotaline (MCT).@*METHODS@#A total of 30 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to 5 groups with complete random experiment design: Sham group (Sham), MCT group, TXL group, sildenafil (SIL) group and combination group (TXL+SIL), 6 rats in each group. Rats were injected with 50 mg/kg MCT solution for inducing PAH model except for those in the sham group. From the day of modeling, rats of TXL, SIL and TXL+SIL groups were given TXL (1.2 g/kg), SIL (10 mg/kg) and combination solution (TXL:1.2 g/kg, SIL: 10 mg/kg) respectively, and rats in Sham and MCT groups were given normal saline (5 mL/kg). The samples were collected and tested after 21 consecutive days of intragastric administration. Echocardiography was used to measure the related indices of RVF, including pulmonary arterial flow spectrum, pulmonary artery diameter (PAD), right ventricular wall thickness (RVWT), right ventricular diameter (RVD), tricuspidannular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), right atrium transverse diameter (RAT), and inferior vena cava diameter (IVCD). Elastic Verhoeff-Van Gieson staining was adopted to measure the percentage of wall thickness (WT%) of pulmonary arteriols. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to measure the cross-sectional area (CSA) of right ventricular cardiomyocytes.@*RESULTS@#MCT-induced PAH rat model was successfully established. In MCT group the wall of pulmonary arterioles exhibited a prominent-increase thickness, PAD, RVWT, RVD, RAT, IVCD, WT%, right ventricular hypertrophy index (RVHI) as well as CSA of RV cardiomyocyte significantly increased (all P<0.01), and TAPSE markedly decreased (P<0.01). At the same time, TXL prominently improved all of the above indices (all P<0.01). In comparison with SIL, TXL significantly reduced RVD (P<0.05) and decreased CAS of RV cardiomyocytes (P<0.01), but TAPSE in SIL group was much larger than in TXL group (P<0.01). Moreover, TAPSE in TXL+SIL group was larger than that in TXL group (P<0.01), while the two groups performed equally well in terms of the other indices.@*CONCLUSION@#Early intervention of TXL could inhibit pulmonary arterioles remodeling, and improve RVF by attenuating right ventricular hypertrophy, and TXL has a stronger effect on inhibiting right ventricular remodeling than SIL.

14.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 1-10, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788857

ABSTRACT

The maintenance of human pregnancy and the initiation of parturition are closely related with the dynamic balance of the maternal-fetal immune microenvironment. Implantation of the blastocyst into the maternal decidua is the first step in pregnancy establishment, which is favored by the abundant blood flow and the immunotolerant microenvironment maintained by the balance of immune cells. The parturition resembles an inflammatory response that includes secretion of cytokines by resident and infiltrating immune cells into reproductive tissues and the maternal-fetal interface, which promotes the delivery of fetus from maternal organism. Therefore, the immune microenvironment in maternal-fetal interface regulates the critical steps of pregnancy and parturition. When the maternal-fetal immune microenvironment is imbalanced or impaired, miscarriage or preterm labor would happen. This article reviews the roles and mechanisms of several important immune cells in the maternal-fetal interface during the parturition and preterm labor.

15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 638-642, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821114

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of 135 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Tianjin. Methods The clinical and epidemiological data of 135 cases of COVID-19 in Tianjin were collected, and the data were analyzed with descriptive method. The factors influencing the severity of the illness were analyzed. Results Among the 135 COVID-19 cases, 72 were males and 63 were females, the age of the cases was (48.62±16.83) years, and the case fatality rate was 2.22%. Local transmission caused 74.81% of the cases. A total of 33 clusters occurred, involving 85.92% of all COVID-19 cases. The median of the incubation period of COVID-19 was 6.50 days, the average generation interval was 5 days, and the household secondary transmission rate was 20.46%. Fever was the main symptom (78.63%), followed by cough (56.48%). Multivariate regression analysis indicated that age ( OR =1.038, 95% CI : 1.010-1.167) and the number of chronic underlying diseases ( OR =1.709, 95% CI : 1.052-2.777) were the risk factors of severe illness. Conclusions Fever was the main symptom at the early phase of COVID-19 in Tianjin, and the local cluster cases accounted for high proportion in confirmed COVID-19 cases reported in Tianjin. Severe illness was prone to occur in people with old age and multi underlying diseases. Strict isolation of close contacts and intensive care of high-risk groups are the main measures to reduce the morbidity and case fatality of COVID-19.

16.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 113-117, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799310

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical features and improve the diagnosis and treatment of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the right coronary sinus with an interarterial course (ALCA-R-IAC) between the ascending aorta and main pulmonary artery in children.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis of the clinical manifestation, laboratory test, radiological feature, treatment and prognosis were conducted in four female children presented with ALCA-R-IAC in Beijing Children′s Hospital from November 2015 to June 2018.@*Results@#The four girls with onset age of 7.5-14.7 years were diagnosed with ALCA-R-IAC by CT coronary angiography (CTCA). Four children presented with exercise-induced syncope and clinical manifestations of acute myocardial infarction including 3 patients with acute left heart failure, 1 cardiogenic shock and 1 cardiac arrest. Nervous system involvement was found in one patient. Troponin I increased significantly to 20.65-50.00 μg/L in the four patients. Electrocardiogram (ECG) developed signs of left main coronary artery involvement. Echocardiography revealed reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 25%-45% in three children and suspected anomalous origin of the left coronary artery in one child. CTCA showed an anomalous left coronary artery originating from the right coronary sinus, which had an interarterial course between the aorta and pulmonary artery leading to a slim left main coronary trunk. Two children underwent unroofing procedure and the other two children in whom physical activities were restricted received conservative managements. During a regular follow-up period of 12-43 months, all the children survived without recurrent symptoms and had good prognosis.@*Conclusions@#ALCA-R-IAC can present as exercise-related syncope and acute myocardial infarction, even sudden death in children and adolescents. CTCA is helpful to clarify the early diagnosis of ALCA-R-IAC. Surgical intervention is the main treatment for ALCA-R-IAC and strenuous physical activities should be avoided.

17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 489-493, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811649

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To describe the epidemiological characteristics of a cluster of COVID-19 cases reported in Baodi district of Tianjin as of 18 February, 2020, which might be associated with the exposure in a local department store, and provide suggestions for prevention and control strategy development.@* Methods@#The basic characteristics, time and area distributions, clinical manifestations, epidemiological history and transmission mode of the COVID-19 cases associated with the department store exposure were analyzed.@* Results@#A total of 40 COVID-19 cases were associated with the department store exposure, accounting for 75.47% of the total confirmed cases (53 cases) reported in Baodi district. The cases were mainly at the age of 60 years or older (35.00%) and farmers (40.00%). The main clinical manifestations included fever (95.00%), cough (35.00%), and diarrhea (15.00%). The proportion of confirmed severe cases was 32.50%. The incidence curve showed that the incidence peak occurred on 31 January, 2020. Among the 40 cases, 6(15.00%) were department store employees, 19(47.50%) were customers and 15(37.50%) were close contacts (secondary cases). The first case occurred on 21 January, 2020, this case was a department store employee who had a purchasing history at whole sale markets in other provinces and cities before the onset, and 3 employees were still on duty after symptom onsets. The median of the incubation period of customer cases was 6 days, and the median of the interval between onset and medical treatment of customer cases was 7 days.@* Conclusion@#This was a cluster epidemic of COVID-19, which might be associated with the exposure in the department store. By now, the current prevention and control measures have achieved satisfied effects.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864939

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the changes of myocardial damage markers during ventricular tachycardia (SVT) onset and efficacy of various therapeutic approaches.Methods:The clinical data of 256 children with SVT admitted to Beijing Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from October 2018 to October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.According to the age of onset, children were divided into groups of 0~3 years old, >3-6 years old, and >6 years old.According to the different heart rates at the time of attack, patients were divided into the groups of <180 times/min, 180~260 times /min, and >260 times /min.According to the treatment methods, children were divided into physical therapy group, drug therapy group and radiofrequency ablation group.Frequency of SVT attacks, heart rate at the onset, serum creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB), troponin (cTn) I, and brain natiuretic peptide(BNP) were collected within 2 h after the onset stop.The recovery rate of each treatment group was counted.Results:Among the 256 cases, there were 135 males and 121 females, which aged from 1 month to 18 years, mean age was (10.2±2.2) years and SVT attacked from 1 to 8 times.The faster the heart rate during SVT attack, the higher CK-MB, cTnI and BNP ( P<0.05). The recovery rate was 27.6% in the mechanical stimulation group, 98.0% in the drug treatment group and 100% in the radiofrequency ablation group, respectively.Successful recovery rate was 47.2%(34 cases)with ATP, 71.7%(109 cases)with Propafenone, 67.3%(64 cases)with Cediland, 59.6%(31 cases)with Verapamil, 61.5%(24 cases)with Sotalol and 54.7%(29 cases)with Amiodarone.Eithty-two cases were successfully converted by two drugs(32.7%) and 38 cases were successfully converted by three drugs(15.1%). Conclusion:When SVT attacks, most children have myocardial damage.The faster the heart rate, the greater the damage in the heart muscle; The treatment of SVT in children should still be the first choice of physical therapy in older children, and if it is not effective, drug therapy should be selected.Radiofrequency ablation is the most effective method to cure tachyarrhythmia.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864291

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the method and clinical effect of transcatheter closure of children′s secondary atrial septal defect (ASD) by femoral vein under the guidance of echocardiography.Methods:A total of 306 children (137 males and 169 females) with secondary ASD undergoing transcatheter closure surgery in the Department of Car-diology of Beijing Children′s Hospital from January 2017 to October 2019 were enrolled.The age of the patients was 2.1-15.0 years old [(6.18±2.45) years old], and the weight was 10-63 kg [(23.05±9.97) kg]. Among 306 children, 259 cases had single central ASD, with the defect diameter of 5-25 mm; 47 cases had ethmoid ASD, and the shunting range was measured to be 11-31 mm by echocardiography.Patients had normal cardiac function, and no other cardiac malformations were found.Eighteen children are complicated with other system malformations, including funnel chest in 5 children, chicken chest in 4 children, scoliosis in 4 children, epilepsy in 2 children, and Down′s syndrome in 3 children.In addition, there were 8 children with ASD and arrhythmia.Specifically, 3 cases were complicated by preexcitation syndrome, 3 cases by ventricular premature beat and 2 cases by supraventricular tachycardia.Three patients with ventricular premature beat, 1 patient with supraventricular tachycardia and 1 patient with preexcitation syndrome had indications of radiofrequency ablation.All the operations were performed in the same time with ASD occlusion via femoral vein under basic anesthesia.ASD occlusion was guided by transthoracic or transesophageal echocardiography.Results:Of all 306 cases enrolled, ASD occlusion was successfully performed in 301 cases under the guidance of echocardiography, but it failed in 5 cases due to the large ultrasonic defect during the operation.For these 5 patients, the occluder was successfully released by the method of left superior pulmonary vein under X-ray.The operation time (from the beginning of anesthesia to the sheath extubation) was 17-45 min, with an average of (21.25±8.84) min.The occluder model was 10-30 mm.The operation process was smooth, and there were no serious complications during and after the operation.Conclusions:ASD transcatheter closure by femoral vein puncture under the guidance of echocardiography is safe and feasible operation for children with ASD.It is minimally invasive and causes no radiation injury.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864141

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the changes of serum cytokines in 301 children with Kawasaki disease(KD) and analyze their clinical significance.Methods:Three hundred and one pediatic patients with KD admitted to Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University between June 2018 and July 2019 were enrolled and divided into the immunoglobulin sensitive group and immunoglobulin non-response group according to the therapeutic effect.The levels of interferon gamma (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-10 (IL-10), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-4 (IL-4), and interleukin-2 (IL-2) were compared between the 2 groups.Results:(1)Fifty (16.6%) children had no-response to immunoglobulin.Before treatment, the level of serum cytokines in the immunoglobulin non-response group and the immunoglobulin sensitive group were as follows: IFN-γ[11.32(10.88) ng/L vs. 4.52(5.09) ng/L], TNF-α[7.43(11.25) ng/L vs. 4.42(6.04) ng/L], IL-10[14.44(20.3) ng/L vs. 8.32(7.99) ng/L], IL-6[100.28(126.39) ng/L vs. 41.34(49.32) ng/L], IL-4[1.06(1.79) ng/L vs. 0.98(1.42) ng/L], IL-2[0.48(0.90) ng/L vs. 0.40(0.62) ng/L]; there were significant differences in IFN - γ, TNF - α, IL-10 and IL-6 between the 2 groups (all P<0.05); there was no significant difference of IL-4 and IL-2 between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). (2)Before treatment and after the temperature was normal, the levels of cyto-kines in the immunoglobulin non-response group were as follows: IFN-γ[11.32(10.88) ng/L vs. 1.26(2.10) ng/L], TNF-α[7.43(11.25) ng/L vs. 1.52(3.46) ng/L], IL-10[14.44(20.3) ng/L vs. 4.63(7.00) ng/L], IL-6[100.28(126.39) ng/L vs. 22.85(39.95) ng/L], IL-4[1.06(1.79) ng/L vs. 0(0.25) ng/L], IL-2[0.48(0.90) ng/L vs. 0(0.02) ng/L]. Before treatment and after the temperature was normal, the levels of cytokines in the immunoglobulin sensitive group were as follows: IFN-γ[4.52(5.09) ng/L vs. 0.79(1.53) ng/L], TNF-α[4.42(6.04) ng/L vs. 1.60(3.4) ng/L], IL-10[8.32(7.99) ng/L vs. 3.59(3.74) ng/L], IL-6[41.34(49.32) ng/L vs. 11.90(18.84) ng/L], IL-4[0.98(1.42) ng/L vs. 0(0.88) ng/L], IL-2[0.40(0.62) ng/L vs. 0(0.14) ng/L]. The levels of cytokines decreased significantly after treatment in between 2 groups (all P<0.05). (3) Logistic regression analysis showed that IFN-γ, IL-6, fever duration and albumin were independent risk factors for no-response to immunoglobulin. Conclusions:Children with abnormally high serum IFN-γ and IL-6 levels before treatment are more likely to resist immunoglobulin.Therefore, the change of the condition in such children should be closely monitored.If there is no response to immunoglobulin, immunoglobulin should be used again as soon as possible or second-line drugs should be applied to improve the prognosis.

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