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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940470

ABSTRACT

Hypertension is the most important risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, affecting the structures and functions of important organs of the body, such as the heart, brain, and kidney. At present, the prevalence of hypertension in China remains high. How to effectively curb the incidence of hypertension and reduce target organ damage in patients with hypertension is an urgent challenge that needs to be addressed. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), by virtue of its unique efficacies and advantages, is increasingly applied around the world. In TCM, "wind" is considered as a major constant factor in the development of hypertension. Some scholars believe that hypertension is located in collaterals, and the lesions of collaterals are also important reasons for the occurrence and development of hypertension. Collateral diseases and pathogenic wind are closely related to the development of hypertension as well as target organ damage in the heart, brain, and kidney. From the six-meridian syndrome differentiation for febrile diseases, "collateral" and "wind" are closely related to the Jueyin, with collateral diseases classified into Jueyin diseases and pathogenic wind beginning in the Jueyin. The occurrence, development, and persistence of hypertension are closely related to Jueyin diseases. The present study analyzed the pathogenesis and treatment of hypertension from "collateral" and "wind" of the Jueyin, and specifically discussed the relationship between hypertension and "collateral" and "wind" of the Jueyin. It is believed that the internal depression of wind and fire in the Jueyin results in the upward impulse of liver fire, and the deficiency of Jueyin can trigger the internal movement of liver wind and stirring wind due to collateral deficiency. External contraction in the Jueyin due to the induction of external wind is the important pathogenesis of the development of hypertension and the damage to target organs such as the heart, brain, and kidney. The therapeutic methods for both "collateral" and "wind" were also discussed based on the primary prescription for Jueyin, Wumei Pills. Six-meridian syndrome differentiation can guide the therapeutic principles for all diseases and inspire posterity. Exploring the pathogenesis and treatment of hypertension from “collateral" and "wind" of the Jueyin is of great significance in guiding the prevention and treatment of hypertension, reducing target organ damage in patients with hypertension, and improving the prognosis of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887976

ABSTRACT

The multi-component pharmacokinetic study of Chinese herbal extracts elaborates the in vivo processes,including absorption,distribution,metabolism,and excretion,of multiple bioactive components,which is of significance in revealing pharmacodynamic material basis of Chinese herbal medicine. In recent years,with the innovation in ideas,and development of techniques and methods on traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) research,the pharmacokinetic studies of Chinese herbal extracts were extensively performed,and notable progress has been made. This paper reviewed the advancement of multi-component pharmacokinetics of Chinese herbal extracts in recent five years from analysis technology of biological sample,the pharmacokinetic characteristics of Chinese herbal medicine with complex system,and the impacts of processing and pathological state on pharmacokinetics of Chinese herbal extracts,aiming to provide a reference for quality control,product development and rational medication of Chinese herbal extracts.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815392

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the knowledge, attitude and behavior of HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment of freshmen in Jiangsu Colleges, so as to provide evidence for carrying out HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment propaganda among young college students.@*Methods@#A total of 2 538 freshmen in 8 colleges in Jiangsu province were surveyed by cluster sampling, and anonymous self-reported questionnaire survey was carried out. Valid questionnaires were collected and analyzed.@*Results@#Among 2 538 students valid, the total awareness rate of the eight items of new HIV/AIDS basic knowledge which provided to the public by the State (referred to the new eight items) was 85.74%, the awareness rate of boys was higher than that of girls’(88.21%, 84.34%)(P<0.05), the rate of college students of science was higher that of those of arts(87.31%, 83.67%)(P<0.05). the general awareness rate of other knowledge was 72.14%, and the rate of boys was higher than that of girls(75.00%, 70.53%)(P<0.05). As for "whether eating with the AIDS-affected patients may be affected with AIDS/HIV", boys and students of science were more rational(58.3%, 55.1%; 50.4%, 50.9%)(P<0.05). 50.08% students approved of having sexual behavior before marriage, and the rate of boys was higher than that of girls(69.00%, 39.40%)(P<0.01). 71.24% of the students thought that condoms should be used consistently in sex behaviors, and the proportion of female students (80.76%) was much higher than that of male students(54.37%), and the rate of the students of science was higher than that of students of arts(73.36%, 69.63%)(P<0.05). 6.03% students had received consult and test of AIDS. 40.34% of the untested students were willing to receive the test but didn’t know where to go. 1.34% students were afraid of receiving the test because of fear. The most popular ways of HIV/AIDS publicity among students are micro films(76.32%), lectures(66.67%) and peer education(60.80%).@*Conclusion@#It is suggested to publicize HIV/AIDS knowledge among students according to different gender and subject characteristics and combining multimedia, with emphasis on strengthening the publicity of HIV/AIDS epidemiology,treatment and related information, and attaching importance to sexual health education among young students.

4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(5): e9331, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098113

ABSTRACT

The melamine and cyanuric acid (CA) complex has been suggested to cause the toxic effects observed in melamine-contaminated food or milk. However, the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of co-exposure to melamine and CA are not fully clear. Therefore, the cytotoxic effects of melamine and CA were first examined by co‐exposure in human kidney 293 cells using the MTT assay. During a 24-h period for the three concentrations tested (0.5, 1, and 5 mg/mL), neither melamine nor CA alone showed significant toxic effects on 293 cells at 0.5 mg/mL, while higher concentrations led to decreased in cell viability. However, co-exposure to several combinations of melamine and CA [100:1, 10:1, 1:10, and 1:100 (v:v), at a final concentration of 0.5 mg/mL] did cause cytotoxicity with higher levels of CA leading to higher cytotoxicity. By contrast, while neither melamine nor CA alone induced phosphorylated-H2AX (γH2AX) foci formation, melamine and CA at a 100:1 ratio induced γH2AX foci 24 h post-treatment. The alkaline comet assay also revealed the presence of DNA damage following melamine and CA co-exposure. In vivo assay also revealed the presence of melamine-CA complex in the kidney. These data indicated that the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of melamine and CA co-exposure differ from those of melamine or CA alone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rats , Triazines/toxicity , DNA Damage/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Kidney/drug effects , Time Factors , Kidney/embryology , Mutagenicity Tests
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690130

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical features and prognosis of gastrointestinal injury caused by foreign bodies in the upper gastrointestinal tract in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 217 children who were diagnosed with foreign bodies in the upper gastrointestinal tract complicated by gastrointestinal injury by gastroscopy from January 2011 to December 2016, including clinical features, gastroscopic findings, complications, and prognosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 217 children, 114 (52.5%) were aged 1-3 years. The most common foreign body was coin (99/217, 45.6%), followed by hard/sharp-edged food (45/217, 20.7%) and metal (35/217, 16.1%). The most common gastrointestinal mucosal injury was ulceration (43.8%), followed by erosion (33.2%). Compared with other foreign bodies, button cells were significantly more likely to cause esophageal perforation (P<0.01). The esophagus was the most commonly injured organ (207/217, 95.4%). Of all the 217 children, 24 (11.1%) experienced infection. The children with perforation caused by foreign bodies had a significantly higher incidence rate of infection than those with ulceration caused by foreign bodies (P=0.003). Of all the 217 children, 204 (94.0%) underwent successful endoscopic removal of foreign bodies. Among these children, 98 were hospitalized due to severe mucosal injury and were given anti-infective therapy, antacids, and supportive care including enteral nutrition through a nasogastric tube and/or parenteral nutrition. Of all the children, 10 left the hospital and were lost to follow-up, and all the other children were improved and discharged.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Most cases of foreign bodies in the upper gastrointestinal tract occur at 1-3 years of age. Coin, hard/sharp-edged food, and metal are the most common foreign bodies. Button cells are more likely to cause esophageal perforation. The incidence rate of secondary infection increases with the increasing severity of gastrointestinal mucosal injury. Children undergoing endoscopic removal of foreign bodies and enteral nutrition through a nasogastric tube tend to have a good prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Food , Foreign Bodies , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Humans , Infant , Male , Metals , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract , Wounds and Injuries
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690079

ABSTRACT

A boy aged 14 years had abdominal pain as the major manifestation, with elevated serum amylase and lipase. Abdominal ultrasound performed early after onset in another hospital showed enlargement of the pancreas and a reduction in echo. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) showed pancreatic duct dilation and an unclear image of the head of the pancreas. Acute pancreatitis was considered. However, his symptoms were not relieved after fasting, fluid infusion, anti-acid therapy, and somatostatin therapy. Then, abdominal CT scan and MRCP found multiple low-density lesions of the pancreas and enlargement of the hilar and retroperitoneal lymph nodes. Exploratory laparotomy found pancreatic edema and multiple hilar nodules with unclear boundaries, and pathological biopsy showed anaplastic large-cell lymphoma. Since the liver, the spleen, bone marrow, and the central nervous system were not involved, he was diagnosed with stage III primary pancreatic lymphoma. After vindesine and dexamethasone were used to reduce tumor load, the patient underwent vindesine-pirarubicin-asparaginase-dexamethasone chemotherapy once and vinorelbine-dexamethasone chemotherapy 8 times. Imaging examination still showed multiple low-density lesions of the pancreas and retroperitoneal lymph node enlargement. His parents discontinued treatment. It is concluded that the rare causes of acute pancreatitis with poor response to conventional treatment should be considered, especially for patients with abdominal lymph node enlargement. Extranodal lymphoma should be considered, and lymph node biopsy should be performed as early as possible to confirm diagnosis. The prognosis of pancreatic lymphoma is associated with clinical stage and pathology.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789437

ABSTRACT

Objective To ascertain the perchlorate contamination level in commercial foods and health risks so as to provide reference for perchlorate standard formulation and risk management.Methods Perchlorate risk survey was done on commercial foods in Shanghai;in combination with the survey results of residents'' food consumption,the exposure assessment on the presence of perchlorate in commercial food was performed by probability assessment approach.Results A total of 80 food samples from 8 food categories were analyzed,including grain,vegetables,fruits,dairy products,meat,eggs,aquatic products and teaand perchlorate detection rate was 78.8% with a mean value as 13.0±26.4 μg/kg.The highest mean value of perchlorates was 59.0±51.9 μg/kg in tea,and the lowest mean value was 3.4±2.3 μg/kg in fruits.With protection of human life and health as the maximum principle (there were supposed to be no losses of perchlorate during food processing),it was found that the estimated average dietary intake of perchlorate from the 8 food categories was 0.25 μg/kgbw.However,the 95 percentile exposure estimates reached up to 0.44 μg/kgbw,which exceeded the tolerable daily intake value of 0.3μg/kgbw established by European Food Safety Authority for healthy adults.Therefore,potential health risk may exist to certain groups of people.Conclusion Due to its high water-solubility,degradation of perchlorate in food processing probably occurs to certain extent.Therefore,there is need to carry out further actual exposure study.

8.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 660-664, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609248

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate demography of sensory tricks in cervical dystonia (CD),and to discuss the relationship between sensory tricks and the function of sensorimotor integration of cerebral cortex,meanwhile to explore potential worthiness using sensory tricks in the management of CD.Methods We recruited 75 patients (23 male,52 female,male female ratio:1:2.26;aged 19-72 years,mean (42.45 ± 13.09) years) admitted to the Dystonia Clinic Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University from March 2016 to April 2013.Standardized questionnaire on sensory tricks was used to investigate the sensory tricks first recognized in 75 patients retrospectively.Median nerve somatosensory evoked potential via multipoint recording was measured in 43 CD patients who manifested as simple rotation of neck.Bilateral amplitudes of P22/N30 derived from F (3,4) were compared.Results Frequency of sensory tricks in CD was 85.53% (64/75) in our research.As disease progressed,the type of sensory tricks used by patients may transform from one to another or even disappear.No statistically significant differences were found in ages among patients using classic sensory tricks,forcible tricks and patients without sensory tricks,whereas the complexity of the disease showed increased tendency among the three groups.Bilateral P22/N30 amplitudes of patients with classic sensory tricks showed no significant differences.P22/N30 amplitudes contralateral to the head turn were significantly higher than ipsilateral in patients using forcible tricks ((3.16 ± 1.71) μV vs (2.47 ± 1.28) μV,t =2.243,P=0.038) and patients without sensory tricks ((3.62 ±1.58) μV vs (2.73 ±1.14) μV,t=2.893,P=0.023).Tsui scores among patients using classic sensory tricks (9.36 ± 3.52) and forcible tricks (12.67 ± 5.00) or patients without sensory tricks (15.18 ± 4.07) had statistically significant differences (classic sensory tricks vs forcible tricks,t =-3.020,P =0.004;classic sensory tricks vs patients without sensory tricks,t =-4.452,P =0.000).Conclusions Types of sensory tricks used by patients are associated with severity of the disease.Different types of sensory tricks may reflect status of adaptive compensatory mechanism of the cerebral cortex.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275429

ABSTRACT

Mongolian medicine is the traditional drug with the theory of Mongolian medicine and pharmacy as a guide, which made a great contribution to the survival and development of the Mongolian people. Mongolian medicine "Bashaga" faced the situations of origin is unclear, and clinical therapy is confused and so on. This paper summarizes the original plants and studies the species textual research and ethnopharmacology of Mongolian medicine "Bashaga". This paper intends to ensure authentic plant and provide comprehensive insight into the chemical constituents, pharmacology and application status of Mongolian medicine "Bashaga" to discuss the rationality of the confirmation in "Bashaga" authentic plant.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337912

ABSTRACT

α-HgS is the main component of traditional Chinese medicine cinnabar, while β-HgS is the main component of Tibetan medicine Zuotai. However, there was no comparative study on the dissolution and absorption in gastrointestinal tract and bioaccumulation in organs of mercury in Cinnabar, Zuotai, α-HgS and β-HgS. In this study, the dissolution process of the four compounds in the human gastrointestinal tract was simulated to determine the mercury dissolutions and compare the mercury dissolution of different medicines and the dissolution-promoting capacity of different solutions. To explore the absorption and bioaccumulation of cinnabar and Zuotai in organisms, mice were orally administered with clinical equivalent doses cinnabar and Zuotai. Meanwhile, a group of mice was given α-HgS and β-HgS with the equivalent mercury with cinnabar, while another group was given β-HgS and HgCl2 with the equivalent mercury with Zuotai. The mercury absorption and bioaccumulation capacities of different medicines in mice and their mercury bioaccumulation in different tissues and organs were compared. The experimental results showed a high mercury dissolutions of Zuotai in artificial gastrointestinal fluid, which was followed by β-HgS, cinnabar and α-HgS. As for the mercury absorption and bioaccumulation in mice, HgCl2 was the highest, β-HgS was the next, and a-HgS was slightly higher than cinnabar. The organs with the mercury bioaccumulation from high to low were kidney, liver and brain. This study is close to clinical practices and can provide reference for the clinical safe medication as well as a study model for the safety evaluation on heavy metal-containing medicines by observing the mercury dissolution, absorption, distribution and accumulation of mercury-containing medicines cinnabar and zuotai.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Gastrointestinal Tract , Metabolism , Kidney , Metabolism , Liver , Metabolism , Male , Mercury , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Mercury Compounds , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Mice , Solubility
11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 875-879, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637289

ABSTRACT

?AlM: To observe the changes of corneal topography and astigmatism et al with various duration of closing eyes and sleep;and study the impact of closing eye and sleep causing physiological hypoxia on corneal topography. ? METHODS: Sixteen volunteers were selected ( 32 eyes), 22-33 (26. 19 ± 3. 95) years old, without refractive errors and other eye diseases, as well as never wearing corneal contact lens, including 10 male eyes and 22 female eyes. The main parameters received corneal simulation K value, corneal astigmatism, corneal irregular measure ( ClM ) and the shape factor ( SF ) by Zeiss corneal topographer. They were measured before and after closed eyes 10, 20, 30, 60, 120min; before sleep and after over 6h sleep, they were detected immediately as soon as they opened eyes after 10, 20, 60, 120min. ? RESULTS: During closing eyes, there were no statistical significance on the changes of corneal topography, corneal astigmatism, and SF. After opening eyes and over 6h sleep, there were no statistical significance on the changes of corneal topography, corneal astigmatism, ClM, and SF. ?CONCLUSlON:Closing eyes and sleep don’t injure the cornea substantially, so corneal topography and corneal astigmatism don’t mainly change.

12.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 536-540, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276062

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association between the level of serum testosterone and atherosclerosis in middle-aged and elderly men.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We conducted a population-based study of 413 males aged 40-75 years in a community in Guangzhou. We obtained the sociodemographic characteristics, clinical data, physical measurements, and laboratory results of sex hormones, blood glucose, and blood lipid of the subjects. We also measured the carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) by color Doppler ultrasonography.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The subjects were divided into a carotid atherosclerosis (CAS) group (CIMT ≥ 0.9 mm) and a non-CAS group (CIMT < 0.9 mm). The medians of free testosterone (FT) were 57.41 and 59.72 pmol/L in the CAS and non-CAS groups, respectively (P = 0.005), and no significant difference was found between the two groups in total testosterone (TT). The levels of serum FT and TT were negatively correlated to CIMT, with Spearman's rank correlation coefficients of -0.126 (P = 0.011) and -0.188 (P < 0.001), respectively. The incidence rates of CAS were 23.30, 13.46, 17.48, and 7.77% in the Q1, Q2, Q3, and Q4 groups, respectively according to the quartile of FT (P for trend = 0.008) and 17.48, 18.27, 16.50, and 9.71% respectively according to the quartile of TT (P for trend = 0.116). Based on the quartile of FT and after adjustment for age, waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, and HbAlc, the risk of CAS was significantly increased in the Q1 group as compared with Q4 (OR = 2.491, 95% CI 1.01-6.149), but no statistically significant differences were observed according to the quartile of TT.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A low serum FT level may be a risk factor of atherosclerosis in Chinese men aged 40 years or older.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Blood Glucose , Blood Pressure , Carotid Artery Diseases , Blood , Epidemiology , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Gonadal Steroid Hormones , Blood , Humans , Incidence , Lipids , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Testosterone , Blood
13.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-155099

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a progressive complication in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Although the precise mechanisms of ILD are not fully understood, Th2 cytokines, especially interleukin (IL)-4 may play an important role in the processes of fibrosis. We, therefore, investigated the role of Th2 cytokines, including IL-4, IL-13 and IL-5 in RA patients with or without ILD. Methods: Serum samples were obtained from 63 patients with RA. Among them, 29 RA patients had ILD while the remaining 34 patients were without ILD. The bronchoalveolar  lavage  fluids (BALF) from 11 RA patients with ILD and eight patients without ILD were also collected. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to analyze the levels of IL-4, IL-13 and IL-5 both in serum and in BALF. Results: The levels of IL-4 were increased in the serum and BALF of RA patients with ILD compared with RA patients without ILD. There were no differences in the levels of IL-13 and IL-5 among the different groups. Interpretation & conclusion: The present results indicate that IL-4 seems to play an important role in the development of ILD in patients with RA.

14.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 624-628, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320584

ABSTRACT

Paraganglioma is a rare neuroendocrine neoplasm observed in patients of all ages, with an estimated incidence of 3/1,000,000 population. It has long been recognized that some cases are familial. The majority of these tumors are benign, and the only absolute criterion for malignancy is the presence of metastases at sites where chromaffin tissue is not usually found. Some tumors show gross local invasion and recurrence, which may indeed kill the patient, but this does not necessarily associate with metastatic potential. Here, we report a case of vertebral metastatic paraganglioma that occurred 19 months after the patient had undergone partial cystectomy for urinary bladder paraganglioma. We believe this to be a rarely reported bone metastasis of paraganglioma arising originally within the urinary bladder. In this report, we also provide a summary of the general characteristics of this disease, together with progress in diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Chromogranin A , Metabolism , Cystectomy , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Paraganglioma , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Phosphopyruvate Hydratase , Metabolism , Prognosis , Radionuclide Imaging , Spinal Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Synaptophysin , Metabolism , Technetium , Thoracic Vertebrae , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315015

ABSTRACT

Originated from Shanghan Wenyi Tiaobian written by Yang Lishan, Shengjiang pulvis (SJS) is a famous prescription of plague and is used to treat heat-obstruction. The great master of traditional Chinese Medicine in modem times widely used it to treat kinds of disease of internal medicine, surgery, department of gynecology, pediatrics, five sense, dermatology, and clinical curative is well. This article mainly introduced that example on the clinical application of Shengjiang pulvis (SJS) are used by author.


Subject(s)
Adult , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Young Adult
16.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 504-509, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355936

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the preventive effect of probiotics against pediatric allergic diseases.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The authors searched all randomized controlled trials on the preventive effect of probiotics on pediatric allergic diseases from 8 databases (Pubmed, Medline, Springer link, highwire, Cochrane, Vip, Wanfang Data and CNKI) up to September 2011. Two reviewers assessed the studies to see if they meet inclusion criteria, and extracted data. Meta-analysis for the result of homogenous studies was made with RevMan 4.2 and the co-effect was pooled by using fixed-effects model of relative risk (RR) ratios.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Fifteen studies published between April 2001 and September 2011 including 3604 cases were included. All included studies were graded on randomization, allocation concealment, blinding, baseline and loss to follow-up. Meta-analysis based on included studies showed that prenatal and postnatal probiotic supplementation had preventive effect on pediatric atopic eczema by reducing the RR to 0.78 (95%CI: 0.70 - 0.88, P < 0.0001), and 3 studies in which probiotic was given only after birth, the RR was further reduced to 0.75 (95%CI: 0.66 - 0.86, P < 0.0001). Meta analysis for the effect of lactobacilus alone and combined with other bacteria showed that both decreased the RR ratios of 0.57 (95%CI: 0.44 - 0.73, P < 0.0001) and 0.79 (95%CI: 0.64 - 0.97, P = 0.02), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Present evidences show that prenatal and postnatal probiotic supplementation will prevent pediatric atopic eczema, but not other allergic diseases such as sensitization, food allergy and asthma.</p>


Subject(s)
Asthma , Epidemiology , Child , Child, Preschool , Dermatitis, Atopic , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Epidemiology , Immunoglobulin E , Blood , Infant , Intestines , Microbiology , Male , Pregnancy , Probiotics , Therapeutic Uses , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Skin Tests
17.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 401-404, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-643160

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo clarify the influence of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope glycoprotein 120 V4 region with mutations at amino acid locuses on its abilities to enter target cells.Methods Based on the facts that ADA strains was a CCR5-tropic strain,only had the ability to infect CCR5 cells; that HXB2 strains was a CXCR4-tropic strain,only had the ability to infect CXCR4 cells,serial glycoprotein 120 mutants with alanine substitution in V4 region of ADA and HXB2 strains,were constructed by overlaping PCR.Eukaryotic expression vectors of mutants and expression vectors of HIV framework gene with luciferase reporter gene were cotransfected into eukaryotic cells to produce pseudoviruse.Concentration of HIV-1 gag P24 in pseudoviruses was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA).U87.CD4.CCR5 and U87.CD4.CXCR4 cells were infected with 20 and 40 ng pseudoviruses,with wild ADA and HXB2 strains as control groups,respectively.The ability to infect cells of pseudovirus of each mutant with HIV-1 V4- region mutated at amine acid locuses 386-417 was measured by detecting the luciferase activity (relative light unit,RLU).ResultsTen mutants with alanine substitution in V4 region of HIV-1 ADA and HXB2 strains were successfully constructed,respectively.Mutants of pseudoviruse with 20 ng and 40 ng at locuses 389-391 and 414-417 with alanine substitution of V4 region in both ADA and HXB2 strains lost completely the abilities to enter CCR5 and CXCR4 expressing cells[ (0 ± 0)%].It was found that introduction of alanine to ADAs 400-403 and ADAs 408-410 increased the ability to infect cells to (124 ± 35)%,(182 ± 29)% and (127 ± 8)%,( 134 ± 16)% with pseudoviruse of 20 ng and 40 ng,respectively.Likewise,the ability to infect CXCR4 expressing cells also increased to (144 ± 42 )% and (121 ± 18 )% with pseudoviruse of 20 ng and 40 ng,respectively by introduction of alanine to HXB2s 395-397.However,other mutants in V4 region of ADA and HXB2 only maintained partial entry abilities( 15%- 84%).ConclusionsMutants of V4 region of HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein 120 with alanine substitution at locuses 389-391 and 414-417 in both ADA and HXB2 strains have been constructed successfully.They completely lost the ability to enter target cells.

18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1019-1022, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261938

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to prepare the polyclonal antibody against the soluble proliferation-inducing ligand (sAPRIL) antigen and to investigate its effects in suppressing sAPRIL mediated lymphocyte proliferation. Mutated recombinant sAPRIL protein, which lacks biological activity but maintains immunogenicity, was used as antigen to immunize humanized SCID mice. Sera were obtained at 6 weeks after immunization. Indirect ELISA and Western blot were used to detect the antibody titer and specificity. The inhibition of polyclonal antibodies on Raji and Jurkat cell proliferation stimulated by sAPRIL was assessed by the MTT assay. The results showed that the mutant of sAPRIL could induce the production of polyclonal antibodies against human sAPRIL. Western blot and indirect ELISA analyses indicated that the anti-serum had higher specificity with a titer of 1:640. Functional analysis revealed that these polyclonal antibodies significantly inhibited the proliferation of Raji and Jurkat cell stimulated by sAPRIL (p < 0.05). It is concluded the polyclonal antibody against human sAPRIL is successfully prepared, which can inhibit the proliferation of Raji and Jurkat cells stimulated by sAPRIL in vitro.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Pharmacology , Antibody Specificity , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Proliferation , Cloning, Molecular , Humans , Immune Sera , Allergy and Immunology , Jurkat Cells , Mice , Tumor Necrosis Factor Ligand Superfamily Member 13 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283178

ABSTRACT

Compound danshen composite were used on cardiovascular disease such as coronary heart disease. This paper was reviewed the pharmacological effects , preparation procedure, quality control and formulation improvement of compound danshen composite to explore the methodology of further optimization of good formulary Chinese medicine prescription.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Coronary Disease , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313243

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To provide a reference for quantitative diagnosis of Xin-blood stasis syndrome (XBSS) by way of collecting experiences from experts, screening out the diagnostic indices and evaluating their significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>With Delphi method adopted, two rounds of questionnaire survey were carried out in 20 experts, the feedback data were statistically analyzed in terms of concentricity, coordination and authority using SPSS software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The recovery rates of the two round survey were all 100%; the coordinate coefficient was 0.658 in the first round and 0.622 in the second. And results passed the Chi-square test with P < 0.05, Chi2 = 189.544 in first round and 235.232 in second round. The average degree of expert's authority was 85%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The enthusiasm and speciality of the 20 experts were high, and their opinions are of high reliability with great coordination. The information entries, including chest pain, stabbing pain, pain on a relatively fixed position, chest stuffiness, ecchymosis or petechia on tongue, dark-purplish lip and unsmooth pulse, can be taken as the diagnostic indices for XBSS sydrome.</p>


Subject(s)
Blood Viscosity , Delphi Technique , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Hemorheology , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Reference Standards , Reference Standards , Surveys and Questionnaires
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