Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 143
Filter
1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 197-204, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980997

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to establish a suitable method for extracting cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from C57BL/6 mice. A patch clamp electrode puller was used to draw a glass micropipette, and a brain stereotaxic device was used to fix the mouse's head at an angle of 135° from the body. Under a stereoscopic microscope, the skin and muscle tissue on the back of the mouse's head were separated, and the dura mater at the cerebellomedullary cistern was exposed. The glass micropipette (with an angle of 20° to 30° from the dura mater) was used to puncture at a point 1 mm inboard of Y-shaped dorsal vertebral artery for CSF sampling. After the first extraction, the glass micropipette was connected with a 1 mL sterile syringe to form a negative pressure device for the second extraction. The results showed that the successful rate of CSF extraction was 83.33% (30/36). Average CSF extraction amount was (7.16 ± 0.43) μL per mouse. In addition, C57BL/6 mice were given intranasally ferric ammonium citrate (FAC) to establish a model of brain iron accumulation, and the CSF extraction technique established in the present study was used for sampling. The results showed that iron content in the CSF from the normal saline control group was not detected, while the iron content in the CSF from FAC-treated group was (76.24 ± 38.53) μmol/L, and the difference was significant. These results suggest that glass micropipette vacuum technique of CSF sampling established in the present study has the advantages of simplicity, high success rate, large extraction volume, and low bleeding rate, and is suitable for the research on C57BL/6 mouse neurological disease models.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Vacuum , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Cisterna Magna , Brain , Cerebrospinal Fluid
2.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 272-280, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994404

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association between reproductive lifespan duration (RLD) and urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (UACR) in a Chinese postmenopausal population.Methods:This cross-sectional study included 11 055 naturally postmenopausal women from seven regions of China from May to December 2011. RLD was divided into four groups. Propensity score matching was performed to reduce bias, and logistic regressions and stratifications were conducted to investigate the association between RLD and increased UACR (≥30 mg/g). Mediation effect analysis was performed to quantify the effect of RLD on cardiovascular disease (CVD) induced by elevated UACR.Results:There were 2 373 participants with a RLD of 18-31 years, 2 888 participants with a RLD of 32-34 years, 2 472 participants with a RLD of 35-36 years, and 3 322 participants with a RLD of 37-50 years. The shortest RLD (18-31 years) group was characterized with older age ( P<0.001), a higher incidence of CVD ( P=0.025), and the highest level of UACR ( P<0.001). After adjusting for confounders, women with a longer RLD (37-50 years group) exhibited a lower risk of UACR elevation compared with those with the shortest RLD (18-31 years group) ( OR=0.72, 95% CI 0.64-0.82, P<0.001). Every 1-year extension in RLD was linked to a 2% reduction in the risk of UACR elevation ( OR=0.98, 95% CI 0.97-0.99, P<0.001). Stratified analysis revealed a more significant association between RLD and UACR in women who were a normal weight ( P=0.003) or overweight ( P=0.001), in those without CVD history ( P=0.001), and in those with impaired estimated glomerular filtration rate ( P=0.004). The mediation casual analysis showed that 3.0% of proteinuria inducing CVD events was mediated by RLD ( P=0.048). Conclusion:A longer RLD (37-50 years) is associated with a lower UACR in Chinese postmenopausal women.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 522-526, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994355

ABSTRACT

Diabetic cardiomyopathy is a myocardial complication associated with abnormal glucose metabolism and dyslipidiaemia, which increases the risk of death and heart failure in diabetic patients. Mitochondrial dysfunction is involved in the occurrence and development of diabetic cardiomyopathy. Recent studies have confirmed that scavenging damaged mitochondria in cardiomyocytes through mitophagy can restore mitochondrial homeostasis, reduce oxidative stress and improve diabetic cardiomyopathy. Therefore, this article provides a comprehensive review of the mechanisms and characteristics of mitochondrial autophagy in diabetic cardiomyopathy. It aims to offer new insights and theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of diabetic cardiomyopathy.

4.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 833-837, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010137

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the treatment outcome of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in the patients with renal tumors of moderate to high complexity (R.E.N.A.L. score 7-10).@*METHODS@#In the study, 186 patients with a renal score of 7-10 renal tumors who underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in Peking University Third Hospital from February 2016 to April 2021 were selected. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy was performed after examination. The patients were followed-up, and their postoperative hemoglobin, creatinine, complications, and length of hospital stay recorded. The data were represented by mean±standard deviation or median (range).@*RESULTS@#There were 128 males and 58 females in this group, aged (54.6±12.8) years, with body mass index of (25.4 ± 3.4) kg/m2; The tumors were located in 95 cases on the left and 91 cases on the right, with maximum diameter of (3.1±1.2) cm. The patient's preoperative hemoglobin was (142.9±15.8) g/L, and blood creatinine was 78 μmol/L (47-149 μmol/L). According to preoperative CT images, the R.E.N.A.L. score was 7 points for 43 cases, 8 points for 67 cases, 9 points for 53 cases, and 10 points for 23 cases. All the ope-rations were successfully completed, with 12 cases converted to open surgery. The operation time was 150 minutes (69-403 minutes), the warm ischemic time was 25 minutes (3-60 minutes), and the blood loss was 30 mL (5-1 500 mL). There were 9 cases of blood transfusions, with a transfusion volume of 800 mL (200-1 200 mL). Postoperative hemoglobin was (126.2±17.0) g/L. The preoperative crea-tinine was 78 μmol/L (47-149 μmol/L), the postoperative creatinine was 83.5 μmol/L (35-236 μmol/L), the hospital stay was 6 days (3-26 days), and surgical results achieved "the trifecta" in 87 cases (46.8%). In the study, 167 cases were followed up for 12 months (1-62 months), including 1 case with recurrence and metastasis, 4 cases with metastasis, and 2 cases with other tumors (1 case died).@*CONCLUSION@#Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is safe and effective in the treatment of renal tumors with R.E.N.A.L. score of 7-10. Based on the complexity of the tumor, with the increase of difficulty, the warm ischemia time and operation time tend to increase gradually, while "the trifecta" rate gradually decreases. The complications of this operation are less, and the purpose of preserving renal function to the greatest extent is achieved.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Creatinine , Retrospective Studies , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Nephrectomy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy , Hemoglobins
5.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 825-832, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010136

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate and analyze the risk factors of massive hemorrhage in patients with renal cell carcinoma and venous tumor thrombus undergoing radical nephrectomy and removal of venous tumor thrombus.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to June 2020, 241 patients with renal cancer and tumor thrombus in a single center of urology at Peking University Third Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent radical nephrectomy and removal of venous tumor thrombus. The relevant preoperative indicators, intraoperative conditions, and postoperative data were statistically analyzed by using statistical software of SPSS 18.0. The main end point of the study was intraoperative bleeding volume greater than 2 000 mL. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the relevant influencing factors. First, single factor Logistic regression was used for preliminary screening of influencing factors, and variables with single factor Logistic regression analysis P < 0.05 were included in multivariate Logistic regression. In all statistical analyses, P < 0.05 is considered statistically significant.@*RESULTS@#Among the 241 patients included, there were 60 cases of massive hemorrhage, 48 males and 12 females, with a median age of 62 years. The number of non-massive hemorrhage was 181. There were 136 males and 45 females, with a median age of 59 years. Univariate analysis showed that the clinical symptoms (both systemic and local symptoms, OR 2.794, 95%CI 1.087-7.181, P=0.033), surgical approach (open surgery, OR 9.365, 95%CI 4.447-19.72, P < 0.001), Mayo grade (Mayo 3-4, OR 5.257, 95%CI 2.806-10.886, P < 0.001), American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score (ASA level 3, OR 2.842, 95%CI 1.338-6.036, P=0.007), preoperative hemoglobin (OR 0.978, 95%CI 0.965-0.991, P=0.001), preoperative platelet count (OR 0.996, 95%CI 0.992-1.000, P=0.037), maximum tumor thrombus width (OR 1.061, 95%CI 1.033-1.091, P < 0.001), Complicated with bland thrombus (OR 4.493, 95%CI 2.264-8.915, P < 0.001), adrenalectomy (OR 3.101, 95%CI 1.614-5.958, P=0.001), segmental resection of the inferior vena cava (OR 2.857, 95%CI 1.395-5.852, P=0.004). There was a statistically significant difference in these aspects(P < 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that there was a statistically significant difference in surgical approach (open surgery, OR 6.730, 95%CI 2.947-15.368;P < 0.001), Mayo grade (Mayo 3-4, OR 2.294, 95%CI 1.064-4.948, P=0.034), Complicated with bland thrombus (OR 3.236, 95%CI 1.492-7.020, P=0.003).@*CONCLUSION@#Combining the results of univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis, the surgical approach, Mayo grade, and tumor thrombus combined with conventional thrombus were associated risk factors for massive hemorrhage during surgery for renal cell carcinoma with tumor thrombus. Patients who undergo open surgery, high Mayo grade, and tumor thrombus combined with conventional thrombus are at a relatively higher risk of massive hemorrhage.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Thrombosis/etiology , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Nephrectomy/methods , Thrombectomy/methods , Risk Factors , Hemorrhage
6.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 818-824, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010135

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Constructing a predictive model for urinary incontinence after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) based on prostatic gland related MRI parameters.@*METHODS@#In this study, 202 cases were included. All the patients were diagnosed with prostate cancer by prostate biopsy and underwent LRP surgery in Peking University Third Hospital. The preoperative MRI examination of all the patients was completed within 1 week before the prostate biopsy. Prostatic gland related parameters included prostate length, width, height, prostatic volume, intravesical prostatic protrusion length (IPPL), prostate apex shape, etc. From the first month after the operation, the recovery of urinary continence was followed up every month, and the recovery of urinary continence was based on the need not to use the urine pad all day long. Logistic multivariate regression analysis was used to analyze the influence of early postoperative recovery of urinary continence. Risk factors were used to draw the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves of each model to predict the recovery of postoperative urinary continence, and the difference of the area under the curve (AUC) was compared by DeLong test, and the clinical net benefit of the model was evaluated by decision curve analysis (DCA).@*RESULTS@#The average age of 202 patients was 69.0 (64.0, 75.5) years, the average prostate specific antigen (PSA) before puncture was 12.12 (7.36, 20.06) μg/L, and the Gleason score < 7 points and ≥ 7 points were 73 cases (36.2%) and 129 cases (63.9%) respectively, with 100 cases (49.5%) at T1/T2 clinical stage, and 102 cases (50.5%) at T3 stage. The prostatic volume measured by preoperative MRI was 35.4 (26.2, 51.1) mL, the ratio of the height to the width was 0.91 (0.77, 1.07), the membranous urethral length (MUL) was 15 (11, 16) mm, and the IPPL was 2 (0, 6) mm. The prostatic apex A-D subtypes were 67 cases (33.2%), 80 cases (39.6%), 24 cases (11.9%) and 31 cases (15.3%), respectively. The training set and validation set were 141 cases and 61 cases, respectively. The operations of all the patients were successfully completed, and the urinary continence rate was 59.4% (120/202) in the 3 months follow-up. The results of multivariate analysis of the training set showed that the MUL (P < 0.001), IPPL (P=0.017) and clinical stage (P=0.022) were independent risk factors for urinary incontinence in the early postoperative period (3 months). The nomogram and clinical decision curve were made according to the results of multivariate analysis. The AUC value of the training set was 0.885 (0.826, 0.944), and the AUC value of the validation set was 0.854 (0.757, 0.950). In the verification set, the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test was performed on the model, and the Chi-square value was 5.426 (P=0.711).@*CONCLUSION@#Preoperative MUL, IPPL, and clinical stage are indepen-dent risk factors for incontinence after LRP. The nomogram developed based on the relevant parameters of MRI glands can effectively predict the recovery of early urinary continence after LRP. The results of this study require further large-scale clinical research to confirm.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Urinary Incontinence/etiology , Laparoscopy/methods , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/adverse effects , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies
7.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 802-811, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010133

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze clinical data of patients under 40 years old who underwent surgical treatment for renal tumors with tumor thrombus from January 2016 to December 2022 at Peking University Third Hospital, and to evaluate the surgical effect and investigate the relationship between clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 17 young patients with renal tumor thrombus were retrospectively analyzed, and the clinicopathological features and prognosis were summarized. The patients were grouped according to the presence or absence of symptoms, 2017 American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) clinical stage, and postoperative combined adjuvant therapy. Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot the survival curve, and Log-rank test was used to compare the differences in postoperative survival time and progression-free survival time between the different groups. The relationship between clinicopathological features and prognosis was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the 17 patients received venous tumor thrombectomy, including 16 patients (94.1%) who underwent radical nephrectomy and 1 patient (5.9%) who underwent partial nephrectomy. Twelve patients (70.6%) had symptoms and 5 (29.4%) had no symptoms before operation. A total of 17 renal tumors were observed, with 2 patients (11.8%) identified as benign and 15 patients (88.2%) classified as malignant. Among the malignant tumors, 1 patient (6.7%) was diagnosed as clear cell carcinoma, while the remaining 14 patients (93.3%) were categorized as non-clear cell carcinoma. In terms of tumor stage, 8 patients (53.3%) were classified as stage Ⅲ according to the AJCC classification, while 7 patients (46.7%) were categorized as stage Ⅳ. Additionally, 6 patients (40%) received multiple adjuvant therapy, while 9 patients (60%) did not undergo such treatment. The follow-up period ranged from 2 to 78 months, with a median follow-up of 41 months. During this time, 3 patients (20%) died. The median survival time after surgery was 39.0 (2.3, 77.8) months, and the progression-free survival time was 16.4 (2.3, 77.8) months. There was no significant difference in postoperative survival time and progression-free survival time among young patients with renal tumor with tumor thrombus, based on the presence of symptoms before surgery (P=0.307, P=0.302), clinical stage of AJCC (P=0.340, P=0.492), and postoperative adjuvant therapy (P=0.459, P=0.253) group.@*CONCLUSION@#The pathological types of young patients with renal tumor with tumor thrombus are more complex and varied due to symptoms, and the proportion of non-clear cell carcinoma in malignant tumor with tumor thrombus is higher. Symptomatic and non-clear cell carcinoma may be potentially associated with poor prognosis. Surgical operation combined with adjuvant therapy is a relatively safe and effective treatment for young patients with renal tumor and tumor thrombus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Prognosis , Thrombosis/surgery , Thrombectomy/methods , Nephrectomy/methods
8.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 781-792, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010131

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the potential mechanism of resistance to axitinib in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), with a view to expanding the understanding of axitinib resistance, facilitating the design of more specific treatment options, and improving the treatment effectiveness and survival prognosis of patients.@*METHODS@#By exploring the half maximum inhibitory concentration (IC50) of axitinib on ccRCC cell lines 786-O and Caki-1, cell lines resistant to axitinib were constructed by repeatedly stimulated with axitinib at this concentration for 30 cycles in vitro. Cell lines that were not treated by axitinib were sensitive cell lines. The phenotypic differences of cell proliferation and apoptosis levels between drug resistant and sensitive lines were tested. Genes that might be involved in the drug resistance process were screened from the differentially expressed genes that were co-upregulated in the two drug resistant lines by transcriptome sequencing. The expression level of the target gene in the drug resistant lines was verified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blot (WB). The expression differences of the target gene in ccRCC tumor tissues and adjacent tissues were analyzed in the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) public database, and the impact of the target gene on the prognosis of ccRCC patients was analyzed in the Kaplan-Meier Plotter (K-M Plotter) database. After knocking down the target gene in the drug resistant lines using RNA interference by lentivirus vector, the phenotypic differences of the cell lines were tested again. WB was used to detect the levels of apoptosis-related proteins in the different treated cell lines to find molecular pathways that might lead to drug resistance.@*RESULTS@#Cell lines 786-O-R and Caki-1-R resistant to axitinib were successfully constructed in vitro, and their IC50 were significantly higher than those of the sensitive cell lines (10.99 μmol/L, P < 0.01; 11.96 μmol/L, P < 0.01, respectively). Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, colony formation, and 5-ethynyl-2 '-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay showed that compared with the sensitive lines, the proliferative ability of the resistant lines decreased, but apoptosis staining showed a significant decrease in the level of cell apoptosis of the resistant lines (P < 0.01). Although resistant to axitinib, the resistant lines had no obvious new replicated cells in the environment of 20 μmol/L axitinib. Nuclear protein 1 (NUPR1) gene was screened by transcriptome sequencing, and its RNA (P < 0.0001) and protein expression levels significantly increased in the resistant lines. Database analysis showed that NUPR1 was significantly overexpressed in ccRCC tumor tissue (P < 0.05); the ccRCC patients with higher expression ofNUPR1had a worse survival prognosis (P < 0.001). Apoptosis staining results showed that knockdown ofNUPR1inhibited the anti-apoptotic ability of the resistant lines to axitinib (786-O, P < 0.01; Caki-1, P < 0.05). WB results showed that knocking downNUPR1decreased the protein level of B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL2), increased the protein level of BCL2-associated X protein (BAX), decreased the protein level of pro-caspase3, and increased the level of cleaved-caspase3 in the resistant lines after being treated with axitinib.@*CONCLUSION@#ccRCC cell lines reduce apoptosis through theNUPR1 -BAX/ BCL2 -caspase3 pathway, which is involved in the process of resistance to axitinib.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/metabolism , Axitinib/pharmacology , Kidney Neoplasms/metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Nuclear Proteins , Cell Line, Tumor , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation
9.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 496-508, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010954

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This work explores the impact of electroacupuncture (EA) on acute postoperative pain (APP) and the role of stimulator of interferon genes/type-1 interferon (STING/IFN-1) signaling pathway modulation in the analgesic effect of EA in APP rats.@*METHODS@#The APP rat model was initiated through abdominal surgery and the animals received two 30 min sessions of EA at bilateral ST36 (Zusanli) and SP6 (Sanyinjiao) acupoints. Mechanical, thermal and cold sensitivity tests were performed to measure the pain threshold, and electroencephalograms were recorded in the primary somatosensory cortex to identify the effects of EA treatment on APP. Western blotting and immunofluorescence were used to examine the expression and distribution of proteins in the STING/IFN-1 pathway as well as neuroinflammation. A STING inhibitor (C-176) was administered intrathecally to verify its role in EA.@*RESULTS@#APP rats displayed mechanical and thermal hypersensitivities compared to the control group (P < 0.05). APP significantly reduced the amplitude of θ, α and γ oscillations compared to their baseline values (P < 0.05). Interestingly, expression levels of proteins in the STING/IFN-1 pathway were downregulated after inducing APP (P < 0.05). Further, APP increased pro-inflammatory factors, including interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α and inducible nitric oxide synthase, and downregulated anti-inflammatory factors, including interleukin-10 and arginase-1 (P < 0.05). EA effectively attenuated APP-induced painful hypersensitivities (P < 0.05) and restored the θ, α and γ power in APP rats (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, EA distinctly activated the STING/IFN-1 pathway and mitigated the neuroinflammatory response (P < 0.05). Furthermore, STING/IFN-1 was predominantly expressed in isolectin-B4- or calcitonin-gene-related-peptide-labeled dorsal root ganglion neurons and superficial laminae of the spinal dorsal horn. Inhibition of the STING/IFN-1 pathway by intrathecal injection of C-176 weakened the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of EA on APP (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA can generate robust analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects on APP, and these effects may be linked to activating the STING/IFN-1 pathway, suggesting that STING/IFN-1 may be a target for relieving APP. Please cite this article as: Ding YY, Xu F, Wang YF, Han LL, Huang SQ, Zhao S, Ma LL, Zhang TH, Zhao WJ, Chen XD. Electroacupuncture alleviates postoperative pain through inhibiting neuroinflammation via stimulator of interferon genes/type-1 interferon pathway. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(5): 496-508.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Neuroinflammatory Diseases , Electroacupuncture , Pain, Postoperative , Interferons
10.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 212-217, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935507

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological, immunophenotypic, and molecular genetic features of bronchial sialadenoma papilliferum (BSP). Methods: Four cases of BSP collected at the Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital from May 2018 to June 2021 were retrieved and analyzed. These cases were evaluated for their clinical, histological, immunohistochemical (IHC) and genomic features. The patients were followed up and relevant literature was reviewed. Results: All four patients were male, aged from 55 to 75 years (mean 62 years), with tumor diameter of 6 to 21 mm (mean 13.5 mm), and lesions were located in the left lower lobe (n=2), right lower lobe (n=1), and trachea (n=1). They were characterized by a combination of surface exophytic endobronchial papillary proliferation and an endophytic two-cell layered ductal structure. IHC staining showed that CK7 and EMA were strongly positive in ductal epithelium; p63, p40, CK5/6 were positive in ductal and papillary basal cells; SOX10 was positive in ductal epithelium and basal cells; S-100 was positive in basal cells and ductal epithelium in two cases. Next generation sequencing showed that two cases harbored BRAF V600E mutation. Conclusions: BSP is an extremely rare primary lung tumor arising from the salivary gland under bronchial mucosa. The primary treatment choice of this tumor is complete surgical resection. The diagnosis and differential diagnosis of this tumor depend on classic histomorphologic and IHC features, and BRAF V600E gene mutation can be detected.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China , Epithelium/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial/pathology , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/surgery
11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 385-391, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932519

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility of coronary CT angiography(CCTA)-feature tracking(FT) for assessing global and regional myocardial strain in patients with heart failure(HF).Methods:From July 2019 to December 2020, twenty-five patients diagnosed with HF from Peking Union Medical College Hospital were prospectively enrolled into the study. All patients underwent retrospective electrocardiogram-gated CCTA and cardiac MR (CMR) imaging within 7 days. CCTA-FT and CMR-FT were undertaken using cvi 42 dedicated commercial software to measure global and regional strain parameters, including global peak radial strain (GPRS), global peak circumferential strain (GPCS) and global peak longitudinal strain (GPLS), as well as peak radial strain (PRS), peak circumferential strain (PCS) and peak longitudinal strain (PLS) of left ventricular basal segment, middle segment and apical segment. Conventional left ventricular functional parameters were also calculated, including left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular stroke volume (LVSV) and left ventricular mass index (LVMI). Paired t test or Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare the differences of measurements between CCTA group and CMR group. Pearson or Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the two groups. Inter-and intra-observer consistence in CCTA group was evaluated by intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) analysis. Results:The effective radiation dose of CCTA examination was 6.00 (4.86,7.63) mSv. Inter-and intra-observer consistence in CCTA group was excellent, and the ICC value was 0.85-0.98. In the overall strain parameters, GPCS in CCTA group[-8.10%(-10.32%, -5.20%)] was significantly lower than that of CMR group[-8.49%(-13.79%, -5.95%)] ( Z=-2.15, P=0.031). There was no significant difference in GPRS and GPRS between the two measurement methods ( P>0.05). Strong correlations were observed between GPRS, GPCS and GPLS ( r=0.65, 0.63, 0.71,all P<0.001). For local strain parameters, PCS in the middle segment and apical segment of CCTA group were lower than those of CMR group ( Z=-2.17, -2.62, all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in PCS of basal segment, PRS and PLS of all segments between groups (all P>0.05). The PCS and PLS of basal segment, PRS of middle segment and PRS of apical segment were moderately correlated ( r=0.46, 0.52, 0.58, 0.53, P<0.05); The other local strain parameters were strongly correlated, the range of r value was from 0.64 to 0.70 (all P<0.001). For left ventricular functional parameters, LVEF, LVSV and LVMI showed no significant differences between groups ( P>0.05), and the correlation was extremely strong ( r=0.90, 0.89, 0.96, all P<0.001). Conclusions:The repeatability of CCTA-FT technique in measuring myocardial strain was good, and the correlation of parameters measured by CCTA-FT technique and CMR-FT technique was excellent. Therefore, CCTA-FT technique can be used as a new noninvasive and simple method to evaluate myocardial motor function.

12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 548-552, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924100

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of group cognitive behavioral therapy (GCBT) on cognitive control among college students with high obsessive compulsive traits, to provide basic information for the psychological counseling intervention for college students.@*Methods@#From March to April 2019, 687 students were conveniently selected from 2 universities in Hefei. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 58 students with high obsessive traits were selected and divided into experimental group ( n =29) and control group ( n =29) by random number table method. The experimental group received cognitive behavioral group counseling for 4 weeks (1.5 h each time, twice a week), while the control group receive no intervention. The Obsessive Compulsive Inventory Revised (OCI-R), Stroop Color Word Test (SCWT), Digital Span Test (DST), and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WSCT) were used to assess in two groups at baseline and 4 weeks later.@*Results@#After 4 weeks, the scores of OCI-R in the GCBT group (10.28±7.22) was lower than that of in the control group (15.90±10.20) ( t=2.42, P<0.05). Before and after intervention, compared with the control group [(21.89±6.63, 20.52±7.37)s, (8.62±4.43, 8.04±4.84)s] in Stroop C and Stroop interfere effects (SIE), the GCBT group [(22.14±4.92, 16.81±3.43)s, (8.36±3.87, 4.82±1.86)s], the interaction of time group was statistically significant ( F =14.60, 10.54, P <0.05). Compared with the control group (6.21±1.35, 6.55±1.45)times, the scores of DST reverse in the GCBT group (6.31±1.44, 7.24±1.38) times were statistically significant ( F=3.96, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#It suggests that cognitive behavioral group counseling can improve the inhibitory control and working memory of college students with high obsessive compulsive traits, but does not change the cognitive flexibility.

13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 421-424, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923142

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand physical health of pre school children aged 3-6, so as to analyze the early life influencing factors, and to provide a reference for physical health promotion of preschool children.@*Methods@#The method of random sampling was used to select 1 580 preschoolers aged from 3-6 in Guangzhou. National physical health test and questionnaire survey were conducted to assess physical health.@*Results@#The physical fitness pass rate of preschool children was 87.2%, among which the excellent rate was 30.8%. With the increase of age, the rate of good physique of both boys and girls increased. There were statistical differences in body shape indexes (except dermal fold thickness) between male and female children at all ages ( P <0.01). The rate of overweight and obesity was 14.7%, which was higher in boys (17.2%) than in girls (12.0%). There were significant differences between overweight and non overweight obese people( χ 2=4.84,3.96,5.73,4.85, P <0.05). Logistic regression showed that preterm birth was negatively correlated with the rate of good physique of preschool children ( OR=0.81, P <0.05). There was a positive correlation between birth weight greater than gestational age and the rate of physical fitness of preschool children ( OR=1.37, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Preschool children aged 3-6 years old in Guangzhou have poor physical health overall, and the rate of good physical health is related to factors such as preterm gestational week in early life delivery and birth weight greater than the gestational age.

14.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 299-303, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936151

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the relationship between recovery of urinary continence after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) and preoperative/postoperative membranous urethral length (MUL) on magnetic resonance imaging.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed 69 patients with pathologic confirmed prostate carcinoma who underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Preoperative MUL was defined as the distance from the apex of prostate to the level of the urethra at penile bulb on the coronal image. Postoperative MUL was defined as the distance from the bladder neck to the level of the urethra at the penile bulb on the coronal image. MUL-retained rate was defined as the percentage of postoperative MUL to preoperative MUL. All patients received extraperitoneal LRP. Patients reported freedom from using safety pad (0 pad/d) were defined as urinary continence. Multivariate Logistic regression analyses were used to identify independent predictors of early continence recovery after LRP. Kaplan-Meier analyses and log-rank test were used to compare time to continence recovery between the groups.@*RESULTS@#For all the 69 patients, the average age was (71.4±8.6) years. The prostate specific antigen before biopsy was (23.40±30.31) μg/L, and the mean preoperative prostatic volume by magnetic resonance imaging was (39.48±22.73) mL. The mean preoperative MUL was (13.0±3.3) mm, the mean postoperative MUL was (12.3±3.4) mm, and the mean MUL-retained rate was 93.9%±6.2%. The continence rate for all the patients after LRP was 57.9% and 97.1% in three months and one year, respectively. The patients achieving early continence recovery had significant smaller prostatic volume (P=0.028), longer preoperative MUL and postoperative MUL (P < 0.001). Multivariate Logistic regression analyses revealed postoperative MUL (P < 0.001) were predictors of continence recovery after LRP. Kaplan-Meier analyses and Log-rank test revealed that preoperative MUL (≥14 mm vs. < 14 mm, P < 0.001) and postoperative MUL (≥13 mm vs. < 13 mm, P < 0.001), MUL-retained rate (< 94% vs. ≥94%, P < 0.001) were all significantly associated with continence recovery.@*CONCLUSION@#Post-operative MUL was independently predictors of early continence recovery after LRP. Preoperative MUL, postoperative MUL and MUL retained rate were significantly associated with recovery of urinary continence.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Laparoscopy , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies , Urethra , Urinary Incontinence/etiology
15.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 1310-1317, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957686

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of hemoglobin glycation index (HGI) on the risk of incident chronic kidney disease (CDK) among nondiabetic patients.Methods:Prospective cohort study. At baseline, a total of 7 407 nondiabetic patients without a history of CKD from Pingguoyuan Community of the Shijingshan District in Beijing were included from December 2011 to August 2012, who were then divided into three groups according to the tertiles of their baseline HGI levels. The CKD incidence rate was compared among the different HGI groups at last follow-up. Cox multivariable regression was applied to evaluate whether HGI measures predicted CKD risk. Test for trend across tertiles were examined using ordinal values in separate models.Results:The mean age of the subjects was (56.4±7.5) years, and 4 933 (66.6%) were female. At mean follow-up of 3.23 years, 107 (1.4%) individuals developed CKD. The incidence of CKD was gradually increasing from the low to high HGI groups [1.1% (28/2 473) vs. 1.2% (31/2 564) vs. 2.0% (48/2 370), P=0.016]. In the multivariate Cox regression analysis, after adjustment for potential confounders, the high HGI group had a 68.5% increased risk of CKD compared with the low HGI group ( HR=1.685, 95% CI 1.023 to 2.774). CKD risk increased with increasing HGI tertiles ( P for trend=0.028). Conclusion:High HGI is associated with an increased risk for CKD in the nondiabetic population, indicating that HGI may help identify individuals at high risk for CKD.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 689-692, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989868

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of laparoscopic reversible uterine artery occlusion in the treatment of cesarean section scar pregnancy.Methods:A total of 112 patients who were hospitalized in our hospital from Sep. 2018 to Jun. 2020 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College and diagnosed with type II and type III cesarean section scars were selected. The patients were divided into groups according to the randomization method, the control group ( n=58) and the study group ( n=54) . The control group used uterine artery embolization combined with laparoscopic removal of pregnancy and uterine scar repair, while the study group used laparoscopic reversible uterine artery occlusion, pregnancy removal surgery and uterine scar repair surgery. The clinical treatment effects of the two groups of patients were compared. Results:The intraoperative blood loss of the control group (21.26±9.64) ml was significantly less than that of the study group (75.25±8.25) ml ( P<0.05) ; the treatment success rate of the study group was 98.15% (53/54) , which was significantly higher than the control group 86.21% (50/58) ( P<0.05) ; the time of vaginal bleeding in the study group (7.26±0.94) d, postoperative menstrual regain time (31.25±1.26) d, and hospital stay (3.14±0.25) d were significantly less than those in the control group ( (9.54±0.94) 0.86) d, (47.25±2.15) d, (9.26±0.94) d) ] ( P<0.05) ; 24 h β-hCG level and β-hCG negative time study group [ (1015.11±325.05) IU/L, (14.25±3.21) d] was significantly less than the control group [ (2654.25±284.25) IU/L, (27.16±5.14) d] ( P<0.05) ; there was no difference in the scores of the modified SF-36 scale before treatment between the two groups ( P>0.05) . The modified SF-36 scale score (63.22±4.25) of the study group after treatment was significantly higher than that of the control group (55.25±3.83) ( P<0.05) . Conclusions:Laparoscopic reversible uterine artery occlusion is effective in treating cesarean section scar pregnancy. After treatment, the β-hCG level of the patient is significantly reduced and the quality of life is significantly improved.

17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1276-1280, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921045

ABSTRACT

Taking the clinical trial of acupuncture in treatment of postprandial distress syndrome as an example, this paper proposes that the acupuncture clinical trial protocol should be optimized in view of acupuncture prescription, acupuncture frequency and outcomes. Besides, the data quality of acupuncture clinical trial should be improved in consideration of data sharing and electronic data capture so as to provide a reference for the majority of researchers to optimize and implement acupuncture clinical trial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Clinical Trials as Topic , Dyspepsia/therapy , Research Personnel , Stomach Diseases/therapy , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1247-1252, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910287

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility in evaluating segmental extracellular volume (ECV) using dual-layer spectral detector CT in patients with heart failure with various percentages of delayed hyper-enhanced volume, using MRI as a reference.Methods:Twenty-seven patients with heart failure in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were prospectively enrolled in this study from July 2019 to January 2021. All the patients underwent both CT late iodine enhancement and MR late gadolinium enhancement imaging within a week. According to percentages of hyper-enhanced volume on cardiac MR image, myocardial segments were classified into 3 groups: 0-4% (group A), 5%-49% (group B) and 50%-100% (group C). ECV images were independently observed by 2 experienced radiologists. The correlation and agreement between CT-ECV and MRI-ECV for the whole myocardial assessment and for the segmental assessment were evaluated using Spearman correlation and Bland-Altman analysis. Inter-observer agreement was assessed using the ICC.Results:Of the 27 patients, 432 segments were analyzed, with 199 segments in group A, 151 segments in group B and 82 segments in group C. In the whole myocardial analysis, the CT-ECV and MRI-ECV were 32.25% (28.04%, 34.28%) and 32.27% (28.35%, 34.77%), respectively. A good correlation was found between CT-ECV and MRI-ECV ( r=0.969, P<0.001). Bland-Altman analysis between CT-ECV and MRI-ECV showed a small bias (0.4%), with 95% limits of agreement of -6.9% to 7.8%. as for the segmental myocardial assessment, the CT-ECV was 28.23% (26.18%, 29.92%) for group A, 33.29% (30.16%, 35.96%) for group B and 40.22% (34.06%, 46.70%) for group C. There was statistically significant difference in ECV among three groups (all P<0.001). Good correlations between CT-ECV and MRI-ECV were found in group A ( r=0.614, P<0.001), group B ( r=0.852, P<0.001) and group C ( r=0.953, P<0.001). Bland-Altman analysis between CT-ECV and MRI-ECV showed a small bias 2.0% (95% limits of agreement:-17.6%-21.6%) in group A, a small bias -0.4% (95% limits of agreement: -13.8%-12.9%) in group B and a small bias -1.8% (95% limits of agreement: -17.4%-13.9%) in group C. The ICC values between 2 observers were 0.877 and 0.945 on CT-ECV and MRI-ECV, respectively. Conclusions:The larger percentage of hyper-enhanced volume on cardiac MR image, the stronger correlation are between the CT-ECV and MRI-ECV. CT-ECV may be taken as an alternative tool for quantitative evaluation of myocardial tissue in patients with heart failure.

19.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 504-509, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909477

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the changes of brain network functional connection in neonates with different degrees of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy(HIE), and to understand its influence on brain function.Methods:Clinical data of full-term HIE children hospitalized in Neonatology Department of Changzhou Children's Hospital from January 2017 to May 2020 were collected by convenient sampling method. A total of 44 cases were scanned by conventional and functional magnetic resonance image.Twenty-four of them met the inclusion criteria, including 11 mild patients (PT1 group) and 13 moderate and severe patients (PT2 group). The amplitude of low frequency fluctuation (ALFF) was used to compare the differences of ALFF values between PT1 group and PT2 group, and the differences of functional connectivity (FC) between PT1 group and PT2 group were compared by the method of brain network connectivity analysis.Results:In the edge analysis, compared with the PT1 group, the FC of the right supplementary motor area and the right precentral gyrus ( Z1=0.39, Z2 =-0.08), the right lingual gyrus and the right hippocampus ( Z1=0.61, Z2=0.20), the left calcarine cortex and the right amygdala ( Z1=0.30, Z2=-0.02), the right pallidus and the right posterior cingulate cortex ( Z1=0.33, Z2=0.05) were decreased in the PT2 group (all P<0.001, uncorrected). In ALFF analysis, there was no significant difference between PT1 group and PT2 group ( P>0.05, FDR adjusted). Conclusion:There are changes in functional connections in some brain regions in children with moderate and severe HIE.These functional connections are related to motor function, emotional processing, language development, cognitive function, learning and memory, etcetera.

20.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1178-1182, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942316

ABSTRACT

Testicular rhabdomyosarcoma is relatively rare in testicular tumors, but the age of patient is relatively young and the degree of malignancy is high. Therefore, this article introduces 4 cases of testicular rhabdomyosarcoma who were admitted to Peking University Third Hospital from May 1994 to February 2019, and reviews the literature to improve the diagnosis and treatment of this disease. The average age of the 4 patients was 17.5 years (14-21 years), the average hospital stay was 22.0 d (17-31 d), and the average body mass index was 19.6 kg/m2 (14.7-25.8 kg/m2). All the patients underwent routine preoperative blood and urine routine, biochemical tests, as well as serum tumor markers. Preoperative examinations also included chest radiograph, electrocardiogram, ultrasound of the scrotum and groin, and abdominal enhanced CT. Lung CT or other examinations were performed if necessary. The median serum human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) of the 4 patients was 0.20 IU/L (0.06-0.86 IU/L) (all normal), and the median serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) was 1.03 g/L (0.65-1.66 g/L) (all normal). The average maximum diameter of the tumor was 10.0 cm (4.5-15.0 cm). Testicular rhabdomyosarcoma was mainly diagnosed by pathology. The main treatment was radical orchiectomy combined with retroperitoneal lymph node dissection, with or without postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. The clinical manifestations of the patients with testicular rhabdomyosarcoma had no specific characteristics, but most patients were young at onset with mainly painless masses in the testicles, which were already large when they were found. Patients with testicular rhabdomyosarcoma have a poor prognosis, most of whom recur within two years. Because of the small number of cases of testicular rhabdomyosarcoma, there is no standard treatment currently. It is recommended that patients with testicular rhabdomyosarcoma undergo radical testicular resection combined with retroperitoneal lymph node dissection. Retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis is an important prognostic factor, and patients with postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy can still survive for a longer time. If local recurrence or limited metastasis is found after operation, local resection and salvage radiotherapy are feasible.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Male , Biomarkers, Tumor , Lymph Node Excision , Rhabdomyosarcoma/therapy , Scrotum , Testicular Neoplasms
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL