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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 667-672, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016623

ABSTRACT

Ten compounds were isolated and purified from ethanol extracts of dried roots bark of Polygala tenuifolia Willd. by various chromatography techniques such as silica gel and Sephadex LH-20. Their structures were identified by analysis of physicochemical properties and spectral data, and determined as β-sitosterol (1), tenuifolin (2), 6-methoxy coumarin (3), 7-phenyl-1-hydroxy-2,3,6-trimethoxyxanthone (4), 1,8-dihydroxy-3,4,7-trimethoxyanthone (5), mangiferin (6), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucoside (7), rutin (8), syringaldehyde (9), salicylicacid (10). Among them, compounds 3, 4 and 5 were isolated from the genus of Ploygala for the first time and compound 4 was a new xanthone. The acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activities of compounds 3, 4 and 5 were evaluated by Ellman colorimetric method, compounds 3 and 5 exhibited moderate inhibitory activity, compound 4 exhibited weak inhibitory activity.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 825-830, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013544

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and safety of Cefazolin sodium for injection, Cefuroxime sodium for injection, and Ceftazidime for injection from nationally organized centralized drug procurement (hereinafter referred to as “centralized procurement”) and non-centralized procurement in patients with bacterial infection. METHODS The case data of hospitalized patients who had used 3 kinds of Cephalosporins for injection from centralized procurement or non-centralized procurement in the treatment of bacterial infections were retrospectively collected from 19 medical institutions in Kunming from January 2020 to September 2022. After balancing the baseline differences between the groups with the propensity score matching method, the effectiveness and safety differences of 3 kinds of Cephalosporins for injection from centralized procurement or non- centralized procurement were compared respectively. RESULTS After balancing the baseline differences among the groups, 394 cases in each group of Cefazolin sodium for injection from centralized procurement or non-centralized procurement, 472 cases in each group of Cefuroxime sodium for injection from centralized procurement or non-centralized procurement, 504 cases in group of Ceftazidime for injection from centralized procurement and 590 cases in group of non-centralized procurement were included in the analysis. In terms of effectiveness, there were no significant differences in clinical response rate, 72 h response rate, bacterial clearance rate, and the recovery rate of body temperature, white blood cell count, neutrophil count, neutrophil percentage, C-reactive protein, procalcitonin recovery between the centralized procurement group and non-centralized procurement group of Cefazolin sodium for injection and Cefuroxime sodium for injection (P>0.05). The proportion of patients in centralized procurement group of Ceftazidime for injection with C-reactive protein restored to normal reference range was significantly higher than that in non-centralized procurement group (46.9% vs. 27.9%, P<0.05), but there were no statistically significant differences in other effectiveness indicators among groups (P>0.05). In terms of safety, there was no statistical difference in the incidence of adverse drug reactions between centralized procurement group and non-centralized procurement group of 3 kinds of Cephalosporins for injection (P>0.05); the incidence of platelet count reduction in centralized procurement group of Cefazolin sodium for injection was significantly higher than non-centralized procurement group (20.7% vs. 7.1%, P<0.05), the incidence of eosinophilia elevation in centralized procurement group of Ceftazidime for injection was significantly higher than non-centralized procurement group (5.3% vs. 1.9%, P<0.05). In addition, there was no statistically significant difference in the abnormal rates of other laboratory indicators among the three types of injection Cephalosporins (P> 0.05). CONCLUSIONS The efficacy of 3 kinds of Cephalosporin for injection from centralized procurement is not inferior to non- centralized procurement varieties, and the safety is equivalent to that of non-centralized procurement varieties.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 226-230, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006183

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and safety of Saccharomyces boulardii and Bifidobacterium triple live bacteria in the treatment of pediatric diarrhea. METHODS Retrieved from PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CBM, Wanfang data, CNKI and VIP, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about S. boulardii (S. boulardii group) versus Bifidobacterium triple liver bacteria (Bifidobacterium group) were collected. After screening the literature, extracting data and evaluating the quality, meta-analysis was performed by using RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS A total of 9 RCTs were included, involving 898 patients. Results of meta-analysis showed there was no statistical significance in total response rate [OR=1.69, 95%CI (0.93, 3.09), P=0.09], duration of diarrhea [MD=-1.39, 95%CI (-3.35, 0.57), P=0.16], the time of abdominal pain disappearance [MD=0.09, 95%CI(-0.87, 1.05),P=0.86] or the incidence of adverse reactions [OR=0.65, 95%CI (0.05, 8.03), P=0.74]. The number of stools in S. boulardii group was significantly less than Bifidobacterium group [MD=-0.91, 95%CI (-1.80, -0.02), P=0.04]. The results of subgroup analysis showed that the duration of diarrhea in children with antibiotic-associated diarrhea in S. boulardii group was significantly shorter than Bifidobacterium group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS The efficacy and safety of S. boulardii are similar to those of Bifidobacterium in the treatment of diarrhea, but S. boulardii is better than Bifidobacterium in terms of stool number, the duration of diarrhea in children with antibiotic-associated diarrhea.

4.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 82-90, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009113

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To Investigate the effects of lithocholic acid (LCA) on the balance between osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs).@*METHODS@#Twelve 10-week-old SPF C57BL/6J female mice were randomly divided into an experimental group (undergoing bilateral ovariectomy) and a control group (only removing the same volume of adipose tissue around the ovaries), with 6 mice in each group. The body mass was measured every week after operation. After 4 weeks post-surgery, the weight of mouse uterus was measured, femur specimens of the mice were taken for micro-CT scanning and three-dimensional reconstruction to analyze changes in bone mass. Tibia specimens were taken for HE staining to calculate the number and area of bone marrow adipocytes in the marrow cavity area. ELISA was used to detect the expression of bone turnover markers in the serum. Liver samples were subjected to real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) to detect the expression of key genes related to bile acid metabolism, including cyp7a1, cyp7b1, cyp8b1, and cyp27a1. BMSCs were isolated by centrifugation from 2 C57BL/6J female mice (10-week-old). The third-generation cells were exposed to 0, 1, 10, and 100 μmol/L LCA, following which cell viability was evaluated using the cell counting kit 8 assay. Subsequently, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining and oil red O staining were conducted after 7 days of osteogenic and adipogenic induction. RT-qPCR was employed to analyze the expressions of osteogenic-related genes, namely ALP, Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), and osteocalcin (OCN), as well as adipogenic-related genes including Adiponectin (Adipoq), fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ).@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the body mass of the mice in the experimental group increased, the uterus atrophied, the bone mass decreased, the bone marrow fat expanded, and the bone metabolism showed a high bone turnover state. RT-qPCR showed that the expressions of cyp7a1, cyp8b1, and cyp27a1, which were related to the key enzymes of bile acid metabolism in the liver, decreased significantly ( P<0.05), while the expression of cyp7b1 had no significant difference ( P>0.05). Intervention with LCA at concentrations of 1, 10, and 100 μmol/L did not demonstrate any apparent toxic effects on BMSCs. Furthermore, LCA inhibited the expressions of osteogenic-related genes (ALP, Runx2, and OCN) in a dose-dependent manner, resulting in a reduction in ALP staining positive area. Concurrently, LCA promoted the expressions of adipogenic-related genes (Adipoq, FABP4, and PPARγ), and an increase in oil red O staining positive area.@*CONCLUSION@#After menopause, the metabolism of bile acids is altered, and secondary bile acid LCA interferes with the balance of osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs, thereby affecting bone remodelling.


Subject(s)
Female , Mice , Animals , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/pharmacology , PPAR gamma/metabolism , Steroid 12-alpha-Hydroxylase/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Cell Differentiation , Osteogenesis , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Bile Acids and Salts/pharmacology , Bone Marrow Cells , Cells, Cultured , Azo Compounds
5.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 70-81, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010748

ABSTRACT

The seco-prezizaane-type sesquiterpenes (SPS), as a special class of sesquiterpenes with a highly oxidative five-ring cage structure and seven consecutive chiral centers, are isolated from the genus Illicium, which have a variety of biological activities, including neurotoxicity and neurotrophic effects, etc. This review summarizes the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of SPS, and discusses the potential trend and scope of future research.

6.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 775-785, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002708

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a polygenic neurodevelopmental disorder with significant gender differences. The sexual dimorphism of ADHD may be associated with estrogen acting through estrogen receptors (ESR). This study investigates the impact of ESR gene polymorphism and its interactions with neurodevelopmental genes on ADHD susceptibility. @*Methods@#The study compared genotyping data of single nucleotide polymorphisms in ESR1 and ESR2 in 1,035 ADHD cases and 962 controls. The gene-gene interactions between ESR genes and three neurodevelopmental genes (brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF], synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa gene [SNAP25], and cadherin-13 [CDH13]) in ADHD were investigated using generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction and verified by logistic regression analysis. @*Results@#The G allele of rs960070/ESR2 (empirical p=0.0076) and the A allele of rs8017441/ESR2 (empirical p=0.0426) were found significantly higher in ADHD cases than in the controls but not in male or female subgroups. Though no difference was found in all subjects or females, the A allele of rs9340817/ESR1 (empirical p=0.0344) was found significantly higher in ADHD cases than controls in males. We also found genetic interaction models between ESR2 gene, neurodevelopmental genes and ADHD susceptibility in males (ESR2 rs960070/BDNF rs6265/BDNF rs2049046/SNAP25 rs362987/CDH13 rs6565113) and females (ESR2 rs960070/BDNF rs6265/BDNF rs2049046) separately, though it was negative in overall subjects. @*Conclusion@#The ESR gene polymorphism associates with ADHD among Chinese Han children, with interactions between ESR genes and neurodevelopmental genes potentially influencing the susceptibility of ADHD.

7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 429-433, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996252

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the difference of dose distribution between intensity-modulated photon radiotherapy (IMRT) and intensity-modulated proton radiotherapy (IMPT) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 8 patients with stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ non-small cell lung cancer who received radiotherapy in Ion Medical center of the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China from November 2020 to April 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. IMRT and IMPT radiotherapy plans were created for each patient separately, the main evaluation indicators were targeted area dose distribution parameters [homogeneity index (HI), conformity index (CI) and the percent volume of volume wrapped by 95% and 100% of prescription dose profile in the targeted area (V 95% and V 100%)], and the average dose (D mean) to the organ at risk and the percent volume of a certain relative biological effect (RBE) dose exposure [D mean, V 5 Gy(RBE) and V 20 Gy(RBE) of ipsilateral lung, D mean, V 5 Gy(RBE) and V 20 Gy(RBE) of bilateral lung, D mean, V 30 Gy(RBE) and V 40 Gy(RBE) of heart, maximum dose (D max) of spinal cord, and D mean of esophageal]. Results:In comparison with IMRT, IMPT reduced the levels of dose parameters in bilateral lung, ipsilateral lung, spinal cord, esophagus, and heart with statistically significant differences (all P < 0.05), especially in D mean of bilateral lung [(4.1±1.8) Gy (RBE) vs. (6.9±1.9) Gy (RBE)], V 5 Gy(RBE) [(15.9±7.1) % vs. (28.5±8.6)%], V 20 Gy(RBE) [(7.4±3.5)% vs. (10.1±3.5)%], and D mean of ipsilateral lung [(9.1±4.5) Gy (RBE) vs. (11.9±3.3) Gy (RBE)], all decreased significantly (all P < 0.001), but the differences in the levels of targeted area dose distribution parameters between them were not statistically significant (all P > 0.05). Conclusions:For patients with non-small cell lung cancer, IMPT is superior to IMRT in the protection of bilateral lung, ipsilateral lung, spinal cord, esophagus and heart.

8.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 34-39, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996125

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the immediate effect of small-angle Tui-Pushing and An-Pressing anti-rotation bone-setting manipulation in improving the correction of braces for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Methods: A total of 50 cases of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis were selected and given brace correction first. The whole spine anteroposterior and lateral radiographs were taken, the Cobb angle was measured, and the visual analog scale (VAS) score of pain caused by brace wearing was recorded. After removal of the brace, small-angle Tui-Pushing and An-Pressing anti-rotation bone-setting manipulation was performed once. After treatment, the same brace was put on again to take a whole spine anteroposterior radiograph, the Cobb angle was measured, and the VAS score was recorded. The changes in Cobb angle and VAS score after manipulation were compared, and the immediate efficacy was evaluated. Results: After the manipulation, the Cobb angle was significantly smaller than that before treatment (P<0.01) and the VAS score was significantly lower than that before treatment (P<0.01). Conclusion: Small-angle Tui-Pushing and An-Pressing anti-rotation bone-setting manipulation can improve the immediate efficacy of brace in treating adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and relieve the pain caused by brace wearing at the same time.

9.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 24-30, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995422

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the distribution of pathogenic bacteria in bile culture in patients with common bile duct stones and biliary tract infections, in order to guide clinical optimization of antibiotics application.Methods:From March 30, 2017 to December 31, 2021, at Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, 753 patients with common bile duct stones and biliary tract infections and received endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography were selected. Bile samples were obtained for bacterial culture, strain type identification and drug sensitivity test in order to analyze bile pathogenic bacteria distribution, change trend and drug resistance. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis.Results:From 2017 to 2021, the total positive rate of bile culture in 753 patients with choledocholithiasis complicated with biliary tract infection was 90.17% (679/753). From 2017 to 2021, the positive rates of bile culture were 82.05% (64/78), 88.81% (119/134), 88.03% (125/142), 93.87% (199/212), and 91.98% (172/187), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=10.78, P=0.029). The positive rate of bile culture in 2017 was lower than those in 2020 and 2021, and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=9.43 and 5.57, P=0.002 and 0.018). There were no significant differences in the positive rates of bile culture among the other years (all P>0.05). A total of 1 033 pathogenic bacteria were detected in the 679 bile specimens with positive bile culture results. Among which the total proportion of Gram-negative bacilli was 57.02% (589/1 033), and from 2017 to 2021 the proportions were 66.38% (77/116), 66.47% (111/167), 59.43% (104/175), 54.75% (173/316), and 47.88% (124/259), respectively. The total proportion of Gram-positive cocci was 41.05% (424/1 033), and from 2017 to 2021 the proportions were 31.90% (37/116), 31.74% (53/167), 38.86% (68/175), 44.30% (140/316), and 48.65% (126/259), respectively. The total proportion of fungus was 1.94% (20/1 033), and from 2017 to 2021 the proportions were 1.72% (2/116), 1.80% (3/167), 1.71% (3/175), 0.95% (3/316), and 3.47% (9/259), respectively. From 2017 to 2021, the proportion of Gram-negative bacilli gradually decreased, while the proportion of Gram-positive cocci gradually increased, and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=20.14 and 17.91, P<0.001 and =0.001). From 2017 to 2021, the change in the proportion of fungus was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The main Gram-negative bacilli in the bile culture were Escherichia coli (31.36%, 324/1 033) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (12.68%, 131/1 033); the main Gram-positive cocci were Enterococcus faecalis (14.04%, 145/1 033) and Streptococcus salivarius (4.36%, 45/1 033). From 2017 to 2021, the proportions of Escherichia coli were 39.66% (46/116), 38.92% (65/167), 33.14% (58/175), 28.48% (90/316), and 25.10% (65/259), respectively, with gradual decrease and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=14.34, P=0.006). From 2017 to 2021 the detection rates of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were 30.43% (14/46), 26.15% (17/65), 29.31% (17/58), 38.89% (35/90), 40.00% (26/65), and 4/15, 20.00% (5/25), 20% (5/25), 24.32% (9/37), and 31.03% (9/29), and there were no significant differences in the detection rates of ESBL between different years (both P>0.05). Conclusions:From 2017 to 2021, the positive rate of bile culture in patients with choledocholithiasis complicated with biliary tract infection showed an overall increasing trend. Gram-negative bacilli were still dominated in bile pathogenic bacteria, while the proportion of Gram-positive cocci remarkably increased, and the bile bacterial spectrum significantly changed. Clinicians should adjust the antibiotic dosing regimens according to the variation of bacterial spectrum and drug resistance.

10.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 556-559, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995414

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the value of forward-return way in endoscopic resection for the treatment of gastric fundus stromal tumor, patients with gastric fundus stromal tumor in muscularis propria diagnosed by endoscopy and endoscopic ultrasonography at the Department of Digestive Endoscopy of the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University from June 2020 to June 2021 were prospectively enrolled in the study. All patients were treated with endoscopic full-thickness resection under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. The success of forward-return way, endoscopic procedure, operation performance, pathological classifications and complications were analyzed. A total of 12 patients were enrolled. All of them were confirmed as having stromal tumor by postoperative pathology, with 10 of very low risk and 2 of low risk. Forward-return way was successful in 9 patients and failed in 3 patients. Nine patients were successfully treated with endoscopic procedure eventually. No intraoperative bleeding occurred in any patient. In endoscopic resection, the scores of same direction of forward and backward, endoscopic field of view, and endoscopic body stability were all 2.00 points. Forward-return way has clinical application value for the endoscopic treatment of gastric fundus stromal tumor.

11.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 209-216, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995276

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the changes in long non-coding RNA C2dat1 expression in kidney tissues of rats at different stages of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and its relationship with renal interstitial fibrosis.Methods:Forty-eight male SD rats were randomly divided into two groups with 24 rats in each group: control group and DKD group. The rats in the control group were fed with ordinary diet, while those in the DKD group were fed with high-fat diet and drank water freely. After eight weeks of feeding, the rats were fasted for 12 h with free access to water. Then, the DKD group was given a one-time intrabitoneal injection of streptozotocin and the control group was given an equal dose of sodium citrate buffer. After 72 h, the random peripheral blood glucose concentration (≥ 16.7 mmol/L for three consecutive days) and urine sugar (positive) were tested to assess the establishment of the diabetes model. Urine, blood and kidney samples were collected at 3, 6, 9 and 12 weeks. The urinary protein excretion rate within 24 h, urinary creatinine and serum total cholesterol were measured by automatic biochemical apparatus. Pathological changes in kidney tissues were observed by HE staining. The expression of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase Ⅱ delta (CaMK2D), p65, p50, α-SMA and E-cardherin was detected by immunohistochemistry. Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) was used to detect the expression of lncRNA C2dat1 and CaMK2D. The relationship of lncRNA C2dat1 with α-SMA, E-cardherin and CaMK2D was analyzed by correlation analysis. In in vitro experiment, renal tubular epithelial cells HK-2 were induced by high glucose. The expression of lncRNA C2dat1 and CaMK2D in HK-2 cells was detected by qPCR after 24, 48 and 72 h of intervention. Results:The rats in the DKD group showed typical symptoms such as polydipsia, polyphagia, significant weight loss and increased blood glucose as compared with the rats in the control group. Results of the biochemical tests revealed that compared with the control group, the DKD group had increased 24 h excretion rate of urinary protein, decreased urinary creatinine and up-regulated total cholesterol. HE staining showed that the rats in the control group had intact glomeruli, normal basement membrane and no mesangial hyperplasia or inflammatory cell infiltration. However, enlarged glomeruli and evenly thickened basement membrane were observed in the DKD group. Immunohistochemistry indicated that the expression of CaMK2D, p50 and α-SMA was higher in the DKD group than in the control group, while the expression of E-cardherin was lower in the DKD group. qPCR results showed that the expression of lncRNA C2dat1 and CaMK2D at mRNA level was higher in the DKD group than in the control group. In in vitro experiment, the expression of lncRNA C2dat1 and CaMK2D at mRNA level was also higher in HK-2 cells induced by high glucose than in the control group. Correlation analysis indicated that lncRNA C2dat1 was positively correlated with α-SMA and CaMK2D, but negatively correlated with E-cardherin. Conclusions:During the progression of DKD, the high expression of lncRNA C2dat1 might promote diabetic renal interstitial fibrosis by regulating the expression of CaMK2D to activate the NF-κB signaling pathway.

12.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2978-2984, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003294

ABSTRACT

Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a gastrointestinal disease that requires early intervention, and when it progresses to moderate-severe AP (MSAP) or severe AP (SAP), there will be a significant increase in the mortality rate of patients. Machine learning (ML) has achieved great success in the early prediction of AP using clinical data with the help of its powerful computational and learning capabilities. This article reviews the research advances in ML in predicting the severity, complications, and death of AP, so as to provide a theoretical basis and new insights for clinical diagnosis and treatment of AP through artificial intelligence.

13.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 789-798, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002766

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Subthreshold attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been suggested to be a “morbid condition” which also needs medical attention. @*Methods@#The present study recruited 89 children with subthreshold ADHD (sADHD), 115 children with diagnosed ADHD (cADHD), and 79 healthy controls (HC) to explore the clinical manifestation, executive functions (EFs) of sADHD, and the caregiver strain. The clinical manifestation was evaluated through clinical interviews and parent-reports. Executive functions were assessed both experimentally and ecologically. Caregiver strain was measured by a parent-reported questionnaire. @*Results@#For the clinical manifestation, both sADHD and cADHD indicated impairments when compared with HC. The comorbidities and the scaled symptoms indicated that the externalizing behaviors were relatively less serious in sADHD than cADHD, whereas the internalizing behaviors between two groups were comparable. For ecological EFs, sADHD scored between cADHD and HC in inhibition and working memory. For experimental EFs, sADHD was comparable to cADHD in inhibition, shifting, and was worse than cADHD in verbal working memory. For the caregiver strain, all scores of sADHD were between that in cADHD and that in HC. @*Conclusion@#Our present findings supported the suggestion of subthreshold ADHD as “morbid condition,” which should be treated with caution in clinical practice, especially for the internalizing behaviors and some key components of EFs.

14.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 208-217, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981114

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to analyze the bacteria in dental caries and establish an optimized dental-ca-ries diagnosis model based on 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) data of oral flora.@*METHODS@#We searched the public databa-ses of microbiomes including NCBI, MG-RAST, EMBL-EBI, and QIITA and collected data involved in the relevant research on human oral microbiomes worldwide. The samples in the caries dataset (1 703) were compared with healthy ones (20 540) by using the microbial search engine (MSE) to obtain the microbiome novelty score (MNS) and construct a caries diagnosis model based on this index. Nonparametric multivariate ANOVA was used to analyze and compare the impact of different host factors on the oral flora MNS, and the model was optimized by controlling related factors. Finally, the effect of the model was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.@*RESULTS@#1) The oral microbiota distribution obviously differed among people with various oral-health statuses, and the species richness and species diversity index decreased. 2) ROC curve was used to evaluate the caries data set, and the area under ROC curve was AUC=0.67. 3) Among the five hosts' factors including caries status, country, age, decayed missing filled tooth (DMFT) indices, and sampling site displayed the strongest effect on MNS of samples (P=0.001). 4) The AUC of the model was 0.87, 0.74, 0.74, and 0.75 in high caries, medium caries, low caries samples in Chinese children, and mixed dental plaque samples after controlling host factors, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The model based on the analysis of 16S rRNA data of oral flora had good diagnostic efficiency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Bacteria/genetics , Dental Caries/microbiology , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Microbiota/genetics , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 432-436, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980741

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of acupuncture for glaucoma-induced optic atrophy.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 patients (89 affected eyes) with glaucoma-induced optic atrophy were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 35 cases in each group. The control group was given basic western medicine treatment. In the observation group, on the basis of the treatment in the control group, acupuncture was applied at main acupoints i.e. Baihui (GV 20), Shangjingming (Extra), Chengqi (ST 1), Fengchi (GB 20), Zusanli (ST 36), combined with supplementary acupoints based on syndrome differentiation, once every three days, twice a week. The treatment for 3 months was required in both groups. Before treatment, after treatment and in follow-up of 6 months after treatment, the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), indexes of visual field (visual field index [VFI], mean deviation [MD], pattern standard deviation [PSD]) and mean thickness of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) were observed in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, BCVA was decreased after treatment and in follow-up in the control group (P<0.05); in the follow-up, BCVA in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). On each time point before and after treatment, there was no significant difference within or between the two groups (P>0.05). After treatment and in the follow-up, the mean thickness of RNFL was larger than the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of the basic western medicine treatment, acupuncture can delay the decline of vision and the thinning of retinal nerve fiber layer in patients with glaucoma-induced optic atrophy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retinal Ganglion Cells , Glaucoma/therapy , Optic Atrophy/therapy , Intraocular Pressure , Acupuncture Therapy
16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1979-1983, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980591

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish a method for simultaneous determination of two third-generation anti-epileptic medicines such as lacosamide and perampanel in human plasma and apply this method in clinical practice. METHODS Using clozapine as internal standard, the concentrations of lacosamide and perampanel of plasma samples in 10 epileptic patients were determined by LC-MS/MS after protein precipitation with acetonitrile and dilution with acetonitrile-water (20∶80,V/V), and the plasma minimum concentrations were obtained by dilution of multiple. The determination was performed on Welch Ultimate XB-C18 column, with mobile phase A consisted of 10 mmol/L ammonium formate and mobile phase B consisted of methanol-acetonitrile-isopropanol (0.2% formic acid) mixed solution (7∶1.5∶1.5, V/V/V) for gradient elution at the flow rate of 0.4 mL/min. The column temperature was set at 40 ℃ , and the sample size was 5 μL. The electrospray ion source and multi-reaction monitoring mode were used for positive iron scanning. The ion pair used for quantitative analysis of lacosamide, perampanel and internal standard were m/z 251.2→ 144.1, m/z 350.2→219.2 and m/z 327.2→270.0, respectively. RESULTS The linear ranges of lacosamide and perampanel were 0.001 25-0.125 μg/mL(r>0.99), 0.037 5-3.75 ng/mL (r>0.99); the limits of quantification were 0.001 25 μg/mL and 0.037 5 ng/mL, respectively. The precision and accuracy within and between batches, extraction recovery rate, matrix effect, and stability all met relevant requirements. The minimum concentrations of lacosamide in No. 1-5 patients were 5.3-12.2 μg/mL, and the minimum concentrations of perampanel in No.6-10 patients were 208-510 ng/mL, respectively. CONCLUSIONS The established method is simple, rapid and suitable for the therapeutic drug monitoring of lacosamide and perampanel.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 954-962, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978774

ABSTRACT

With the development of small-molecule immunotherapy drugs, its combination with the programmed cell death ligand 1/programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-L1/PD-1) antibodies would provide a new opportunity for cancer treatment. Therefore, targeting PD-L1/PD-1 axis by small-molecule drug is an attractive approach to enhance antitumor immunity and considered as the next generation of tumor immunotherapy. In the present study, we investigated the anti-tumor role of salvianolic acid B (SAB) by regulating the PD-L1 level in tumors. Changes of total PD-L1 and membrane PD-L1 levels were determined by Western blot, flow cytometry and PD-1/PD-L1 interaction assays. The expression of mRNA level of PD-L1 was detected by real-time PCR. The cytotoxicity of activated peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) cells toward co-cultured tumor cells was measured by cell impedance assay and crystal violet experiment. Surface plasma resonance technique was used to analyze the direct interaction between SAB and ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase 2 (USP2). The antitumor effect of SAB in vivo was examined by C57BL/6 mice bearing MC38 xenograft tumor (all animal experiments were conducted in accordance with the Animal Ethics Committee of the Institute of Medicinal Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences). Western blot and flow cytometry assay showed that SAB can significantly downregulate the abundance of PD-L1 in RKO and PC3 cells in dose- and time-dependent manner. PD-1/PD-L1 binding assay revealed that SAB reduces the binding of tumor cells to recombinant PD-1 protein. Mechanism studies revealed that SAB can bind directly to USP2 protein and inhibit its activity, thus promote the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway degradation of PD-L1 proteins. In addition, Cell impedance and crystal violet staining indicated that SAB enhances the killing activity of co-cultured PBMC cells toward tumor cells. MC38 tumor transplanted mouse experiments revealed that SAB treatment displayed significant suppression in the growth of MC38 tumor xenografts in C57BL/6 mice with an inhibition rate of 63.2% at 20 mg·kg-1. Our results demonstrate that SAB exerts its anti-tumor activity by direct binding and inhibiting the activity of USP2 and reducing the PD-L1 level. Our study provides an important material basis and scientific basis for the potential application of SAB in tumor immunotherapy drug targeting USP2-PD-L1 axis.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1780-1789, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978651

ABSTRACT

This study, aiming at finding biomarkers which can assist in the diagnosis of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) pneumonia and analyzing the metabolic pathways of anti-RSV activity of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (SG)., explores the improvement effect of SG on mice models infected by RSV with the metabolomics technology based on UPLC-Q-Exactive HF X-MS. Mice models affected by RSV are established by nasal drip method and the changes of body weight, rectal temperature and pathological damage of lung tissue are evaluated. The lung tissue samples of mice in each group are collected and analyzed by UPLC-Q-Exactive HF X-MS. The differential metabolites of SG drug intervention are explored by metabolomics technology, and the metabolic pathways regulated by SG are analyzed. The results show that SG can significantly improve the pathological state of the lung tissue of the mice and make its body weight and rectal temperature tend to be normal. In the lung tissue samples, 46 biomarkers, such as guanine, L-asparagine, and arachidonic acid, are screened for disease development in RSV model mice. SG improved RSV infection by recalling 22 potential biomarkers, such as uric acid, arachidonic acid, and alanine. The 22 potential markers mainly involved 11 abnormal metabolic pathways, including phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan biosynthesis, and arachidonic acid metabolism, alanine, aspartic acid and glutamate metabolism are closely related to the five metabolic pathways. SG improves RSV-infected mice mainly by regulating amino acids, lipids, cofactors and vitamins and nucleotide metabolites. All animal experiments were conducted under the guidance and approval of the Animal Ethics Review Committee of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. (approval number: SDUTCM20210311001).

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1627-1631, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977854

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To compare the safety of polysaccharide iron complex and ferrous sulfate in the treatment of anemia during pregnancy. METHODS Retrieved from Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, SinoMed, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang database, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about polysaccharide iron complex (trial group) versus ferrous sulfate (control group) in the treatment of anemia during pregnancy were collected from the inception to May 20th, 2022. After literature screening, data extraction and quality evaluation, meta-analysis, sensitivity analysis and publication bias analysis were conducted with RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS A total of 13 RCTs were included, with a total of 1 318 patients. Results of meta-analysis showed that the total incidence of adverse drug reactions (ADR) [RR=0.11, 95%CI (0.06, 0.18), P<0 000 01], gastrointestinal adverse reactions [RR=0.08, 95%CI (0.05, 0.12), P<0.000 01], anorexia and nausea [RR=0.21, 95%CI (0.09, 0.54), P= 0.001], abdominal pain [RR=0.18, 95%CI (0.04, 0.78), P=0.02], diarrhea [RR=0.18, 95%CI (0.04, 0.79), P=0.02], vomiting [RR=0.24, 95%CI (0.06, 0.89), P=0.03] and gingival melanosis [RR=0.09, 95%CI (0.03, 0.28), P<0.000 1] in the trial group were all significantly lower than the control group. The results of sensitivity analysis showed that the conclusions obtained in this study were relatively robust. The results of publication bias analysis indicated that there was a high possibility of publication bias in this study. CONCLUSIONS The polysaccharide iron complex is safer than ferrous sulfate for treatment of anemia during pregnancy.

20.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 36-41, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993555

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether the specific synaptic vesicle glycoprotein 2A (SV2A) targeted imaging agent ( R)-4-(3-fluoro-5-(fluoro- 18F)phenyl)-1-((3-methylpyridin-4-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-2-one ( 18F-SDM-8) can be used to detect epileptic foci. Methods:Twenty male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (8-9 weeks) were injected with 1.2 μl of kainic acid (16 rats in the epilepsy group) or saline (4 rats in the control group) into the right hippocampus. 18F-SDM-8 and 18F-FDG mircoPET/CT imaging were respectively performed at 1-2 d (acute phase), 6-7 d (incubation period) and 45-60 d (chronic phase) after the seizure. Asymmetric index (AI) was used to evaluate the epileptic foci identify ability of 18F-SDM-8. Paired t test, Mann-Whitney U test and Pearson correlation analysis were used to analyze data. Results:In the three periods of 18F-SDM-8 imaging, the differences of AI of hippocampus between the epilepsy group and control group were statistically significant ( z values: from -2.64 to 2.67, all P<0.05). Both imaging agents had asymmetric uptake in the epilepsy group (right was lower than left), and the decrease in the medial right temporal lobe was the most significant. The pathological staining results were consistent with the imaging results. In the chronic phase of the epilepsy group, the differences of 18F-SDM-8 SUV mean (right versus left) in each brain area of interest were statistically significant ( t value: from -33.40 to -5.60, all P<0.05). The asymmetric uptake of the two imaging agents in the hippocampus had a better correlation ( r=0.97, P=0.001), and the AI of 18F-SDM-8 ((34.2±8.4)%) in this area was 1.4 times higher than that of 18F-FDG ((24.6±4.7)%). Conclusions:18F-SDM-8 PET is a promising method to test the level of SV2A. It can reflect the changes of SV2A in the rat epilepsy model induced by intrahippocampal injection of kainic acid, and improve the sensitivity of molecular imaging for epileptic foci.

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