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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 142-145, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913102

ABSTRACT

OBJEC TIVE To provide reference for clinical comprehensive evaluation of pediatric drugs in China. METHODS Taking pediatric anti-allergic drugs as an example ,the clinical comprehensive evaluation methods of pediatric drugs in medical institutions were explored from the aspects of theme selection ,evaluation content and dimension ,evaluation index ,evaluation method and evaluation result report. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS During the clinical comprehensive evaluation of pediatric drugs,under the guidance of relevant national guidelines for clinical comprehensive evaluation ,the evaluation topics could be selected according to the three principles of importance ,relevance and evaluability ,and then an appropriate evaluation index system could be developed around the six dimensions of safety , effectiveness, economy, suitability,accessibility and innovativeness;qualitative and quantitative data integration analysis of the drugs to be evaluated were performed. In the evaluation , it is necessary to focus on children ’s clinical basic drug use practice and decision-making needs ,normatively,scientifically and reasonably define the core index set and standard data set required by different dimensions of evidence ,standardize the collection and use of real-world data ,and effectively combine other types of evidence to truly play its advantageous role in the clinical comprehensive evaluation of pediatric drugs in China.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908317

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bladder cancer stem cells could promote the recurrence and drug resistance of bladder cancer. Numerous studies have shown that keratin 6B (KRT6B) is involved in the production and progression of tumors, and is closely related to the prognosis of tumors. OBJECTIVE: To observe the expression of keratin 6B in CD44+ bladder cancer stem cells and to show the influence of keratin 6B on proliferation, migration, and self-renewal of bladder cancer stem cells, and to further explore the effect of keratin 6B expression on the prognosis of bladder cancer patients. METHODS: (1) CD44+ 5637 bladder cancer stem cells were isolated by magnetic active cell sorting. Cancer stem cell-related gene expression of SOX2, OCT4, and NANOG was detected via real-time polymerase chain reaction. The spheroid formation assay was used to detect the ability of self-renewal of cancer stem cells in CD44+ cells. Keratin 6B expression was detected in CD44+ bladder cancer stem cells by real-time polymerase chain reaction. (2) The CD44+5637 bladder cancer stem cells were divided into two groups. In the keratin 6B siRNA group, keratin 6B small interfering RNA was transfected into CD44+ bladder cancer stem cells. Untransfected CD44+ bladder cancer stem cells were used as the black control group. Cells were collected at 2 days post-transfection. The proliferation, migration, and self-renewal capacity of keratin 6B siRNA CD44+ bladder cancer stem cells were detected by the colony and wound healing assay and spheroid formation respectively. (3) Totally 24 bladder cancer tissues were used by immunohistochemistry to analyze the expression of CD44v6 and keratin 6B. (4) ONCOMINE database was used to analyze the effect of keratin 6B expression on the overall survival of bladder cancer. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Cancer stem cell-related genes (SOX2, OCT4, NANOG) and keratin 6B expression was higher in CD44+ cells isolated by magnetic active cell sorting compared with CD44- cells (P < 0.05). Cell proliferation, migration, and in vitro spheroid formation were significantly increased (P < 0.05). Keratin 6B small interfering RNA down-regulated the expression of keratin 6B in CD44+ bladder cancer stem cells (P < 0.05). (2) Compared with the blank control group, the proliferation and migration of CD44+ bladder cancer stem cells after transfection of keratin 6B small interfering RNA (P < 0.05), and the number of tumorsphere significantly diminished (P < 0.05); the expression of Notch1 and Hes1 mRNA increased (P < 0.05). (3) Keratin 6B and CD44v6 were significantly different in bladder cancer tissue (P=0.006). The overall survival rate of bladder cancer patients with high expression of keratin 6B was lower than that of patients with low expression of keratin 6B. (4) The results showed that keratin 6B was highly expressed in CD44+ bladder cancer stem cells, and could promote the proliferation, migration, and self-renewal capacity of bladder cancer stem cells. The high expression of keratin 6B contributes to improving the survival of bladder cancer patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 367-371, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923107

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate adolescent haze weather health protection behavior, and to provide scientific basis for behavioral intervention and health guidance for adolescents in haze weather.@*Methods@#From June 2015 to April 2016, 1 025 adolescents were selected from 22 classes in two middle schools of Baoding City, Hebei Province, by stratified cluster sampling method. General information questionnaire and the Brief Haze Weather Health Protection Behavior Assessment Scale Adolescent Version (BHWHPBAS AV) were used. Multiple linear regressions were conducted to explore factors affecting adolescent haze weather health protection behavior. Different models were used to confirm associations between influencing factors and BHWHPBAS AV scores.@*Results@#Adolescents had a low overall score of BHWHPBASAV (45.81±13.16). The score rate of self adjustment after haze weather was the highest (64.54%). The score rate of obtaining relevant knowledge before haze weather was the lowest (50.28%). Compared with adolescents in urban area, rural adolescents had a lower BHWHPBAS AV score ( β=-3.20, P <0.01). Compared with students (living with parents), those living without parents had a lower BHWHPBAS AV score ( β=-4.16, P =0.01). Compared with students never receive physical examination,those had received physical examination during the past years had a higher BHWHPBAS AV score ( β=4.44,5.66,9.04, P <0.01). Compared with students with no knowledge of respiratory system diseases, those with moderate to sufficient knowledge had a higher BHWHPBAS AV score ( β=9.34,12.19,P <0.01). These associations were stable and consistent.Multiple linear regression analysis showed that residence, residence with parents, physical examination and knowledge of respiratory diseases were the relevant factors of BHWHPBAS AV score ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Adolescent haze weather health protection behavior level is low and is affected by many factors. Cooperation should be strengthened to conduct behavioral interventions and health guidance on haze health protection for adolescents, so as to promote healthy growth of adolescents.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 766-774, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922889

ABSTRACT

Aa a characteristic medicinal plant in China, Gentiana rigescens Franch. has the function of protecting the liver and invigorating the spleen. At present, there are a few studies on the content determination method of characteristic components of G. rigescens, so it is necessary to establish a scientific and effective quality control method; In this study, The high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint of G. rigescens was established, based on literature reviewed and characteristic spectrum identified, the source range of G. rigescens quality marker (Q-marker) was screened. The effectiveness of the ingredients and the corresponding targets and pathways was analyzed through network pharmacology, and drew the diagram of ''component-target-pathway''. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of G. rigescens was performed by HPLC, and screen the main marker components leading to the differences between groups which were determined the Q-marker of G. rigescens; The literature and HPLC had determined that five iridoids were the main source of G. rigescens Q-marker. The network pharmacology (effectiveness) and qualitative and quantitative (detectability) analysis of G. rigescens from different producing areas confirmed that gentiopicroside, swertiamarin, and sweroside can be used as the main landmark components, and there were significant differences in their contents among different producing areas; The analysis of G. rigescens from different producing areas was carried out by network pharmacology and chemical fingerprints, it is confirmed can be used as potential Q-marker to provide sufficient theoretical basis for the quality control of G. rigescens in the later period.

5.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 531-540, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913453

ABSTRACT

Background@#The gut microbial dysbiosis and gender differences in the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris have long been postulated respectively. However, there was no data about a genderrelated discrepancy in gut microbiota and microbial metabolism in acne. @*Objective@#This study aimed at identifying the underlying gender-related difference in gut microbiota and metabolism in acne vulgaris. @*Methods@#Fecal samples were collected from 43 acne patients and 43 age and gender-matched controls. Gut microbiota was analyzed by sequencing the V3-V4 region of 16SrDNA gene and microbial metabolites were quantitatively detected using gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry. @*Results@#Compared with healthy controls, the men had a lower abundance of 18 microbes such as Butyricicoccus, Clostridium sensu stricto, Faecalibaculum, Bacillus, Lactococcus, Blautia, Clostridiales, Lachnospiracea incertae sedis, Ruminococcus at genus level. However, the female patients only showed increased Clostridium sensu stricto and declined Oscillibacter and Odoribacterin. Additionally, the disordered metabolism of fatty acids was identified in male patients, while the dysbiosis of amino acids metabolism in female ones. @*Conclusion@#The disorder of gut microbiota and metabolism in acne vulgaris was genderspecific, which supported the potential role of gender difference in the pathogenesis of this disease.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912534

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression pattern of TCR variable region subfamily (Vβ and Vδ) in patients with mature T-cell lymphoma (TCL), and to compare the diagnostic value of TCRVβ and TCRVδ analysis in TCL.Methods:The TCRVβ flow cytometry kit was used to detect the expression of Vβ subtypes of αβT cell in 199 patients with αβ TCL and 398 patients with non-TCL, who hospitalized in Jiangsu Provincial People Hospital from 2011 to 2020. Among them, 185 cases of αβ TCL and 355 cases of non-TCL also underwent TCRβ and TCRγ gene rearrangement detection. The TCRVδ based 10-color protocol was used to detect the expression of Vδ subtypes in 24 cases of γδTCL, 10 cases of normal controls, and 15 cases with reactively higher CD4 and CD8 double-negative ratio from 2017 to 2020, and 24 cases of γδTCL and 15 cases with reactively higher CD4 and CD8 double-negative ratio underwent TCRβ, TCRγ and TCRδ gene rearrangement detection. The diagnostic performance and degree of coincidence for detecting malignant clonality were compared between TCRVβ and TCRVδ analysis and the TCR gene scanning method.Results:In the 199 cases of αβ TCL, 182 cases (91.5%) showed restricted expression or the sum of the positive percentages of the subgroups was less than 30% for the 24 TCRVβ subtypes. Among them, the subfamily members with the highest incidence of clonal T lymphocytes were TCRVβ13.2 (12.6%, 23/182) and TCRVβ3 (8.2%,15/182); the TCRVβ subtypes showed nonclonal results in 99.0% (394/398) of non-TCL. All 24 cases of γδTCL (100%) showed abnormal distribution patterns of Vδ1 and Vδ2, of which 19 cases showed restricted expression of Vδ1, and the remaining 5 cases had negative expression of either Vδ1 or Vδ2, and the positive rate of Vδ1 cells was significantly higher than that of Vδ2 cells (79.9%±10.8% vs 0.7%±0.3%, P<0.001). Among the normal control and cases with reactively higher CD4 and CD8 double-negative ratio, the positive rate of Vδ2 cells was significantly higher than that of Vδ1 cells (73.7%±6.7% vs 15.6%±4.2%, P<0.001), and all cases (25/25) showed a normal distribution pattern. In terms of the diagnostic performance of TCL, there was no significant difference of sensitivity and specificity between TCR variable region subfamily detection by flow cytometry and TCR gene scanning technology (the sensitivity was 92.4% and 91.4% respectively; the specificity was 99.0% and 95.9% respectively, P=0.065), and the coincidence rate of the two diagnostic methods is high (Kappa=0.809, P<0.001). Conclusion:Detection of TCR variable region subfamily by flow cytometry could quickly and effectively diagnose mature TCL.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911761

ABSTRACT

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is one of the most common causes of death for patients with cardiovascular diseases. General practitioners are the providers of primary medical and health service, it its worthwhile to discuss their role positioning in the prevention and control system of SCD. In this study, SWOT analysis was used to explore the strength, weakness, opportunity and threats of the involvement of general practitioners in SCD prevention and control system, to clarify the roles of general practitioners and to provide suggestions for the improvement and development of SCD prevention and control system in China.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910080

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differences in imaging characteristics and risk factors for mortality between the young and middle-aged and elderly patients with aortic dissection.Methods:The data from 1 220 patients with aortic dissection from January 2007 to December 2015 were successively collected. They were divided into young and middle-aged and elderly groups according to their ages. The basic information, computer comography angiography and echocardiogram results, hospital admissions and surgical details were collected and compared between the two groups using single variable regression analysis.Results:The ratio of female patients in the middle-aged and elderly group (>45 years old) was significantly higher than that of the young group (≤45 years old) (24.9% vs 18.7%, P=0.014), the ratio of hypertension patients was also significantly higher than that in the young group (77.5% vs 68.1%, P<0.001). Echocardiographic parameters showed that the prevalences of left ventricular enlargement (39.9% vs 26.9%) and left ventricular dysfunction (22.3% vs 14.1%) in the young group were significantly higher than in the middle-aged and elderly group (all P<0.001). The prevalences of ascending aorta dilation [(43.04±9.12)mm vs (41.69±10.99)mm] and thrombosis (39.1% vs 28.5%) were higher ( P<0.05). Although there was no statistically significant difference in mortality within 60 days after admission between the two groups (12.0% vs 15.1%, P=0.164), univariate regression analysis showed that aortic branch involvement was the main independent risk factor for mortality in young patients. Left ventricular remodeling (left atrial enlargement, ascending aortic dilation, aortic regurgitation) and decreased heart function were the main independent risk factors for death in the elderly patients. Conclusions:The mortality rate of young and middle-aged and elderly patients with aortic dissection are comparable, but the influencing factors are different. Screening out the relevant risk factors that affect the survival rate of the two groups, and conducting targeted prevention and intervention on them areof great significance to improve the survival rate of patients.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909491

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate EEG biofeedback therapy on clinical efficacy of children with different subtypes of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using the integrated visual and auditory integration continuous performance test (IVA-CPT).Methods:Children with ADHD who completed more than 60 times of EEG biofeedback training in Hangzhou Seventh People's Hospital from July 2018 to September 2020 were selected as the research subjects. According to the results of IAV-CPT before treatment, all the children were divided into three subtypes: attention deficit type ( n=21), impulse hyperactivity type ( n=11), and mixed type ( n=30). The differences of symptom improvement between the three subtypes before and after training were compared by SPSS 23.0 software. Results:(1) In terms of response control (a total of 9 items), there was no statistical significance in the attention deficit group before and after treatment (all P>0.05). In the hyperactivity group, the scores of visual and auditory response control, full scale response control, auditory prudence and auditory consistency, visual focus quotient and visual consistency before treatment were significantly lower than those after treatment(all P<0.05). In the mixed group, the scores of visual and auditory response control, full scale response control, auditory prudence, visual consistency, and visual prudence before treatment were significantly lower than those after treatment(all P<0.05). In terms of attention (a total of 9 items), the scores of auditory vigilance, auditory attention, visual attention, full scale attention, visual vigilance and visual speed in the attention deficit group before treatment were significantly lower than those after treatment(all P<0.05). The scores of visual attention, full scale attention, visual focus quotient (all P<0.01), auditory attention and visual speed (all P<0.05) in hyperactivity group before treatment were significantly lower than those after treatment. In the mixed group, the scores of the other 8 items before treatment were significantly lower than those after treatment (all P<0.01, auditory focus quotient were P<0.05), except that the auditory speed had no statistical significance before and after treatment.(2)After EEG biofeedback training, the changes of IVA-CPT scores of the three groups before and after treatment(visual response control (-2.76±24.39), (19.55±19.94), (12.93±25.30), F=3.932, P=0.025), (full scale response control (2.38±20.77), (21.27±15.86), (15.43±25.69), F=3.158, P=0.050), (full scale attention (18.43±27.44), (11.36±11.40), (26.23±18.41), F=4.692, P=0.016), (auditory vigilance (20.23±42.65), (6.55±10.20), (33.63±36.30), F=7.160, P=0.002), (visual vigilance (19.48±28.55), (5.27±10.62), (33.27±28.26), F=10.876, P<0.001), (visual focus quotient (-2.24±23.67), (14.45±13.79), (12.83±21.91), F=3.669, P=0.031) were statistically significant. After LSD comparison, the changes of visual control and total control scores in the attention deficit group before and after treatment were significantly lower than those in the impulse hyperactivity group (all P<0.05) and the mixed group (all P<0.05). In the three items of total attention score, auditory vigilance and visual vigilance, the changes of impulsivity hyperactivity group before and after treatment were significantly lower than those of mixed group ( P=0.050, P<0.05, P<0.01, respectively). The changes of visual attention quotient in the attention deficit group before and after treatment were significantly lower than those in the impulse hyperactivity group and the mixed group (all P<0.05). Conclusion:EEG biofeedback has clinical efficacy in the three groups of subtypes of ADHD, but the efficacy is different, and individualized EEG training programs should be developed for different subtypes of children on the basis of standard TBR therapy protocol.

10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 849-854, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909416

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of neutrophils on T lymphocyte function in septic mice and the role of CD80/cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) signaling pathway in this modulated effects.Methods:① In vivo experiment: 6-8 weeks old male C57BL/6 mice were divided into sham operation group (Sham group, n = 20), Sham+CTLA-4 antibody treatment group (Sham+aCTLA-4 group, n = 20), cecal ligation and perforation (CLP) induced sepsis model group (CLP group, n = 30) and CLP+CTLA-4 antibody treatment group (CLP+aCTLA-4 group, n = 30) according to the random number table. CLP was used to reproduce mouse sepsis model. The mice in the Sham group were treated identically but their cecums were neither punctured nor ligated. In CTLA-4 antibody treatment groups, 50 μg CTLA-4 antibody was injected intraperitoneally 6 hours and 24 hours after the operation. Forty-eight hours after operation, 6 mice in Sham group and Sham+aCTLA-4 group, 14 mice in CLP group and CLP+aCTLA-4 group were randomly selected to detect the expression of CD69 in spleen. At the same time, spleen, bone marrow and peripheral blood were collected, and the expression of CD80 on neutrophils was detected by flow cytometry. The expression of CTLA-4 on the surface of T lymphocytes in spleen was detected by immunofluorescence and flow cytometry. The remaining mice in each group were used to observe the 96-hour survival after operation.② In vitro experiment 1: neutrophils were extracted from bone marrow of healthy mice and stimulated with LPS (1 mg/L) for 4, 8 and 12 hours respectively. The control group was added with the same amount of phosphate buffered saline (PBS) at each time point, and the expression of CD80 was detected at each time point.③ In vitro experiment 2: splenic T lymphocytes of healthy mice were extracted and divided into PBS control group, LPS group (final concentration of LPS 1 mg/L), neutrophil group and neutrophil+LPS group. In the latter two groups, the co-culture model of neutrophils and T lymphocytes was established, and then the corresponding treatment was given to detect the expression of CTLA-4 on the surface of T lymphocytes. With the above four groups as controls, CTLA-4 antibody treatment groups (final concentration of CTLA-4 antibody 50 mg/L) were set up respectively. After 48 hours, the level of interleukin-2 (IL-2) in the cell supernatant was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results:① Results of in vivo experiment: compared with Sham group, the expression of CD80 on neutrophils in spleen, bone marrow and peripheral blood was significantly up-regulated, while the expression of CTLA-4 on the surface of T lymphocytes was significantly increased [(9.98±0.84)% vs. (3.48±0.64)%, P < 0.05]. It suggested that neutrophils may affect T lymphocytes function through CD80/CTLA-4 pathway in sepsis. Compared with CLP group, CTLA-4 antibody could significantly improve the 96-hour cumulative survival rate of CLP mice (56.25% vs. 18.75%, P < 0.05), and increase the expression of CD69 on the surface of T lymphocytes. It suggested that CTLA-4 antibodies might increase T lymphocytes activation in sepsis and improve survival. ② Results of in vitro experiment: with the prolongation of LPS stimulation, the expression of CD80 on neutrophils gradually increased in time-dependent manner as compared with PBS control group [4 hours: (6.35±0.40)% vs. (3.41±0.40)%, 8 hours: (8.57±0.64)% vs. (3.09±0.27)%, 12 hours: (19.83±1.06)% vs. (5.16±0.36)%, all P < 0.05]. Compared with PBS control group, the expression of CTLA-4 on CD4 +/CD8 + T lymphocytes was not significantly affected by LPS stimulation alone, but CTLA-4 was increased after co-culture with neutrophils [CD4 +: (4.92±0.30)% vs. (3.33±0.25)%, CD8 +: (4.26±0.21)% vs. (2.53±0.66)%, both P < 0.05], and the increased trend of CTLA-4 was more obvious after co-culture with LPS-stimulated neutrophils [CD4 +: (6.34±0.50)% vs. (3.33±0.25)%, CD8 +: (6.21±0.41)% vs. (2.53±0.66)%, both P < 0.05]. In the PBS control group and LPS group, CTLA-4 antibody had no significant effect on IL-2 secretion of T lymphocytes. Compared with PBS control group, co-culture with neutrophils could inhibit the secretion of IL-2 by T lymphocytes (ng/L: 1 938.00±68.45 vs. 2 547.00±218.00, P < 0.05), and the inhibitory effect of neutrophils stimulated by LPS was more obvious (ng/L: 1 073.00±34.39 vs. 2 547.00±218.00, P < 0.05). CTLA-4 antibodies could partially restore IL-2 secretion. In conclusion, after promoting the expression of CTLA-4 on the surface of T lymphocytes, neutrophils might mediate the inhibition of T lymphocytes function by reducing the production of IL-2. Conclusions:Neutrophils mediate T lymphocytes dysfunction in sepsis, and the CD80/CTLA-4 pathway plays an important role. The CTLA-4 antibody improves survival and T lymphocytes function in sepsis mice, which may be a new method of immunotherapy for sepsis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909225

ABSTRACT

Acute coronary syndrome is a group of clinical syndromes based on the pathological basis of complete or incomplete occlusion of coronary artery caused by the rupture or invasion of coronary atherosclerotic plaque. It is a serious type of coronary heart disease. Acute coronary syndrome is clinically characterized by an acute onset of action and rapid pathological changes. Its prognosis differs greatly among patients with different categories of acute coronary syndrome and patients with the same category of acute coronary syndrome. Therefore, it is particularly important to reasonably use the risk score for risk stratification in patients with acute coronary syndrome, and select the optimized clinical treatment strategy according to the risk stratification, so as to reduce complications, reduce mortality and improve prognosis. This paper reviews the application of risk score in acute coronary syndrome.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908332

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influencing factors of acute bilirubin encephalopathy (ABE) in neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia.Methods:A total of 123 cases of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (serum total bilirubin > 342 μmol/L) in our hospital from January 2018 to May 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.According to the occurrence of ABE, they were divided into ABE group (28 cases) and non-ABE group (95 cases). The perinatal data and laboratory examination results between two groups were compared.The variables with statistical differences in univariate analysis were included in multivariate Logistic regression analysis.Results:Univariate analysis showed that the hemoglobin level and hematocrit of ABE group were higher than those of non-ABE group.The total bilirubin value, length of hospital stay, natural childbirth, mixed feeding, infection with craniocerebral hemorrhage were all higher than those in the non-ABE group, and the differences were statistically significant( P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that high hemoglobin level ( OR=1.032, 95% CI 1.007 to 1.057) and long hospital stay ( OR=1.15, 95% CI 1.007 to 1.312) were independent risk factors for ABE patients.Breastfeeding was a protective factor for ABE patients( OR=0.151, 95% CI 0.028 to 0.821). Conclusion:High hemoglobin value and long hospital stay are independent risk factors for ABE patients, and breast feeding is a protective factor for ABE.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906219

ABSTRACT

Objective:To extract essential oil of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium, to prepare Zanthoxyli Pericarpium essential oil solid preparation and investigate its anti-fungal effect, in order to provide safe, green and efficient fungicide for the storage of Chinese herbal medicine and food. Method:The essential oil of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium was extracted by steam distillation method, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was adopted to analyze the chemical compositions and their relative contents in essential oil of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium from different producing areas, Agilent HP-5 capillary column was used for separation at programmed temperature (the initial temperature was 60 ℃, kept for 2 min, then increased to 280 ℃ by 10 ℃·min<sup>-1</sup>, kept for 5 min), the scanning range was <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 35-590. Zanthoxyli Pericarpium essential oil solid preparation was prepared by nanomolecular sieve adsorption method, and its inhibitory effect on <italic>Aspergillus flavus</italic> and its conidia was investigated. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detector (UPLC-FLD) was used to analyze the inhibitory effect of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium essential oil solid preparation on aflatoxin under the conditions of excitation wavelength of 360 nm and emission wavelength of 440 nm. Result:The average extraction rate of essential oil in Zanthoxyli Pericarpium from four producing areas was 5.2%. (+)-Limonene, linalool and linalyl acetate were the main components of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium<italic> </italic>essential oil<italic> </italic>from different producing areas. When the volume fraction of essential oil in the solid preparation was 0.1%, the inhibition rate of the solid preparation on the conidia of <italic>A</italic>. <italic>flavus</italic> was (16.41±8.89)%. When the volume fraction of essential oil in the solid preparation was 0.2%, the inhibition rate for the growth of <italic>A</italic>. <italic>flavus</italic> was (8.11±2.70)%. When the volume fraction of essential oil in the solid preparation was 0.5%, the inhibition rate for the growth of <italic>A</italic>. <italic>flavus </italic>was (21.62±5.41)%, the inhibition rate for <italic>A</italic>. <italic>flavus</italic> conidia was (45.43±5.67)%, and the inhibition effect for the aflatoxin could reach (90.47±12.77)%. Conclusion:There are some differences in the chemical composition of essential oil of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium from different producing areas. Zanthoxyli Pericarpium<italic> </italic>essential oil has a certain inhibitory effect on the formation of <italic>A. flavus</italic> conidia and the production of aflatoxin B<sub>1</sub>. It shows that Zanthoxyli Pericarpium essential oil can be developed into bacteriostatic preparation and used in the storage of Chinese medicinal materials and food.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905920

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Qigesan on the proliferation and apoptosis of the human esophageal cancer cell EC9706, and the effect on miR-133a/protein kinase B(Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. Method:The effective constituent of Qigesan was extracted by ethyl acetate. Thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide(MTT) colorimetric assay was used to determine the dosage of Qigesan on cells and to detect the effect of Qigesan on the proliferation of EC9706 cells. The effect of Qigesan on apoptosis of EC9706 cells was detected by flow cytometry. The effect of Qigesan on miR-133a and insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor(IGF-1R) mRNA expression was detected by Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) . The protein expression of Akt and mTOR in EC9706 cells was detected by Western blot. Result:Qigesan can inhibit the proliferation of EC9706 cells in a dose-dependent manner(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Inhibitory concentrations 30% inhibition concentration(IC<sub>30</sub>) 40 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> and median inhibition concentration(IC<sub>50</sub>) 80 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> were selected for follow-up experiments. Compared with the blank group, both the inhibitor group and the combination drug group can inhibit the proliferation of EC9706 cells (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The inhibitor at 0.25 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup> was selected for subsequent experiments. Compared with the blank group, Qigesan 80 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> dose group could significantly promote the late apoptosis rate and total apoptosis rate of EC9706 cells(<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the 40 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> dose group could significantly promote the late apoptosis rate of EC9706 cells(<italic>P</italic><0.05), which shows synergistic effect after concomitant use with Akt/mTOR inhibitor(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the blank control group, each group can effectively increase expression of miR-133a(<italic>P</italic><0.05). The combination of inhibitor and traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has obvious promotion effect. Compared with blank control group, the expressions of Akt and mTOR were significantly decreased in each group(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with single medication, the expressions of Akt and mTOR were decreased in combination of inhibitor and TCM group. Conclusion:Qigesan can inhibit the growth of EC9706 cells and promote apoptosis, and its inhibitory mechanism may be related to the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway by regulating the expression of miR-133a.

15.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 679-687, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895481

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder in children and adolescents. The present study investigated the cortical morphology features and their relationship with working memory (WM). @*Methods@#In the present study, a total of 36 medication naïve children with ADHD (aged from 8 to 15 years) and 36 age- and gendermatched healthy control (HC) children were included. The digit span test was used to evaluate WM. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to examine the characteristics of cortical morphology. Firstly, we compared the cortical morphology features between two groups to identify the potential structural alterations of cortical volume, surface, thickness, and curvature in children with ADHD. Then, the correlation between the brain structural abnormalities and WM was further explored in children with ADHD. @*Results@#Compared with the HC children, the children with ADHD showed reduced cortical volumes in the left lateral superior temporal gyrus (STG) (p=6.67×10-6) and left anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) (p=3.88×10-4). In addition, the cortical volume of left lateral STG was positively correlated with WM (r=0.36, p=0.029). @*Conclusion@#Though preliminary, these findings suggest that the reduced cortical volumes of left lateral STG may contribute to the pathogenesis of ADHD and correlate with WM in children with ADHD.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3134-3149, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922800

ABSTRACT

Programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)/programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) cascade is an effective therapeutic target for immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy. Targeting PD-L1/PD-1 axis by small-molecule drug is an attractive approach to enhance antitumor immunity. Using flow cytometry-based assay, we identify tubeimoside-1 (TBM-1) as a promising antitumor immune modulator that negatively regulates PD-L1 level. TBM-1 disrupts PD-1/PD-L1 interaction and enhances the cytotoxicity of T cells toward cancer cells through decreasing the abundance of PD-L1. Furthermore, TBM-1 exerts its antitumor effect in mice bearing Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) and B16 melanoma tumor xenograft

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922771

ABSTRACT

The current study was designed to explore the brain protection mechanism of Xinglou Chengqi Decoction (XCD) based on gut microbiota analysis and network pharmacology. A transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model of mice was established, followed by behavioral evaluation, TTC and TUNEL staining. Additionally, to investigate the effects of gut microbiota on neurological function after stroke, C57BL/6 mice were treated with anti-biotic cocktails 14 days prior to ischemic stroke (IS) to deplete the gut microbiota. High-throughput 16S rDNA gene sequencing, metabonomics technique, and flow multifactor technology were used to analyze bacterial communities, SCFAs and inflammatory cytokines respectively. Finally, as a supplement, network pharmacology and molecular docking were applied to fully explore the multicomponent-multitarget-multichannel mechanism of XCD in treating IS, implicated in ADME screening, target identification, network analysis, functional annotation, and pathway enrichment analysis. We found that XCD effectively improved neurological function, relieved cerebral infarction and decreased the neuronal apoptosis. Moreover, XCD promoted the release of anti-inflammatory factor like IL-10, while down-regulating pro-inflammatory factors such as TNF-α, IL-17A, and IL-22. Furthermore, XCD significantly increased the levels of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), especially butyric acid. The mechanism might be related to the regulation of SCFAs-producing bacteria like Verrucomicrobia and Akkermansia, and bacteria that regulate inflammation like Paraprevotella, Roseburia, Streptophyta and Enterococcu. Finally, in the network pharmacological analysis, 51 active compounds in XCD and 44 intersection targets of IS and XCD were selected. As a validation, components in XCD docked well with key targets. It was obviously that biological processes were mainly involved in the regulation of apoptotic process, inflammatory response, response to fatty acid, and regulation of establishment of endothelial barrier in GO enrichment. XCD can improve neurological function in experimental stroke mice, partly due to the regulation of gut microbiota. Besises, XCD has the characteristic of "multi-component, multi-target and multi-channel" in the treatment of IS revealed by network pharmacology and molecular docking.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Molecular Docking Simulation , Stroke/drug therapy
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922686

ABSTRACT

The use of traditional finite element method (FEM) in occlusal stress analysis is limited due to the complexity of musculature simulation. The present purpose was to develop a displacement boundary condition (DBC)-FEM, which evaded the muscle factor, to predict the dynamic occlusal stress. The geometry of the DBC-FEM was developed based on the scanned plastic casts obtained from a volunteer. The electrognathographic and video recorded jaw positional messages were adopted to analyze the dynamic occlusal stress. The volunteer exhibited asymmetrical lateral movements, so that the occlusal stress was further analyzed by using the parameters obtained from the right-side eccentric movement, which was 6.9 mm long, in the stress task of the left-side eccentric movement, which was 4.1 mm long. Further, virtual occlusion modification was performed by using the carving tool software aiming to improve the occlusal morphology at the loading sites. T-Scan Occlusal System was used as a control of the in vivo detection for the location and strength of the occlusal contacts. Data obtained from the calculation using the present developed DBC-FEM indicated that the stress distribution on the dental surface changed dynamically with the occlusal contacts. Consistent with the T-Scan recordings, the right-side molars always showed contacts and higher levels of stress. Replacing the left-side eccentric movement trace by the right-side one enhanced the simulated stress on the right-side molars while modification of the right-side molars reduced the simulated stress. The present DBC-FEM offers a creative approach for pragmatic occlusion stress prediction.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921693

ABSTRACT

Polygalae Radix has long been used in China for calming the mind, promoting intelligence, communicating the heart and kidney, eliminating phlegm, and reducing swelling. At present, it is used to treat amnesia, insomnia, and malaise. Modern research has revealed that Polygalae Radix mainly contains triterpenoid saponins, xanthone, oligosaccharide esters, etc., with the activities of improving memory, resisting dementia, protecting the brain, relieving cough, and removing phlegm, as well as sedation and hypnosis. The present study reviews the research progress on chemical composition, pharmacological action, quality control, and metabolism of Polygalae Radix in the past 30 years, to provide a theoretical basis for further research and development.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Oligosaccharides , Plant Roots , Polygala , Quality Control
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888698

ABSTRACT

Ossifying fibroma (OF) and fibrous dysplasia (FD) are two fibro-osseous lesions with overlapping clinicopathological features, making diagnosis challenging. In this study, we applied a whole-genome shallow sequencing approach to facilitate differential diagnosis via precise profiling of copy number alterations (CNAs) using minute amounts of DNA extracted from morphologically correlated microdissected tissue samples. Freshly frozen tissue specimens from OF (n = 29) and FD (n = 28) patients were obtained for analysis. Lesion fibrous tissues and surrounding normal tissues were obtained by laser capture microdissection (LCM), with ~30-50 cells (5 000-10 000 µm


Subject(s)
DNA Copy Number Variations , Diagnosis, Differential , Fibroma, Ossifying/genetics , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/genetics , Galactosyltransferases , Humans , Jaw , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Nuclear Proteins
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