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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880132

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analysis the relationship between different BMI (body mass index) and the clinical characteristics, laboratory examination indexes of newly diagnosed adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), so as to investigate the effects of BMI to the efficacy of first induction chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 145 newly diagnosed adult AML patients treated in the First Hospital of Lanzhou University from August 2015 to August 2019 were retrospective analyzed. According to the guidelines for prevention and control of overweight and obesity in Chinese adults, the BMI (kg/m@*RESULTS@#Among the 145 newly diagnosed adult AML patients, there were 71 males and 74 females. The median age was 50 years old(range 18 to 82 years old). There were 21 patients in underweight group (14.5%), 79 patients in normal weight group (54.5%), and 45 patients in overweight and obese group (31.0%). The patients with higher BMI level showed the older in age(P=0.018). There were significant differences in sex between the patients in each group(P=0.035). In overweight and obese patients, the number of male was significantly higher than female. There were no statistical differences in AML classification, comorbidities(Diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease), hospital days, whether secondary AML and FLT3 gene mutation among the patients in different BMI groups. There were significant differences in TG of the patients in the different groups, the overweight and obese patients were higher (P=0.007). There were no significant differences in WBC and Hb counts, ALB, TC, HDL, LDL, or LDH between the patients in each BMI group at newly diagnosed. The complete remission rate of the patients in the low body mass group or overweight and obese group were lower than that in the normal body weight group (P=0.035). The rate of documented infection during the first induction chemotherapy were significantly higher for the patients in low body mass group than those in normal weight group or overweight and obese group (P=0.038). There was no statistical difference in chemotherapy regimens, the number of chemotherapy until CR, febrile neutropenia, bleeding, and the time of neutropenia, liver and kidney toxicity among each BMI group. Multivariate analysis showed that overweight and obese (P=0.012) , FLT3 mutation (P=0.015) were the risk factors affecting the CR rate of the patients. And the patients with secondary AML, high-risk type, and newly diagnosed WBC ≥50×10@*CONCLUSION@#In newly diagnosed adult patients with AML, low body mass, overweight and obesity, and FLT3 mutations were the factors reducing the early efficacy of AML patients. There were more adverse reactions induced by chemotherapy in the low body mass group. Therefore, inappropriate BMI level can be a risk factor for assessing the prognosis of adults with newly diagnosed AML.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Body Mass Index , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773147

ABSTRACT

In the present study,non-targeted metabolomics technique was used to screen potentially susceptibility biomarkers in patients with mild liver function abnormalities during long-term use of Chinese herbal compound. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,we collected 7 cases of patients with abnormal liver function during the period of complete taking Chinese herbal medicine( 60 days),and 18 cases of patients with normal liver function in re-examination from the reproductive medicine center in our hospital. Ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry( UPLC-Q-TOF/MS~E) technique combined with Progenesis QI software was used to analyze the differential biomarkers in serum of patients with wild liver function abnormalities and normal liver function. 11 potential biomarkers such as bilirubin,pantothenic acid,hippuric acid,sphingomyelin,palmitic acid,and oleic acid were tentatively identified. Metabolic disorders in patients with herbal-induced mild liver abnormality were mainly related to two pathways: pantothenic acid and coenzyme A biosynthesis and linoleic acid metabolism. It could provide a reference for the early warning of mild liver function abnormalities of patients that may be caused by long-term use of Chinese medicine compound in clinical application,and will lay a foundation for further understanding the endogenous substance changes in different levels of liver injury.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Blood , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Liver Diseases , Blood , Mass Spectrometry , Metabolomics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798498

ABSTRACT

@# <b>Objective:</b>to observe the effect and mechanism of lumbricus peptides on early renal injury in spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR) based on Toll-like receptors 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor-<i>κ</i>B(NF-<i>κ</i>B) signaling pathway. <b>Method:</b>The 40 SHRs were randomly divided into model group (equal volume of distilled water by intragastric administration), lumbricus peptides low, middle and high dose groups (126, 252, 504 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and Benazepril group (0.9 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), <i>n</i>=8 in each group. 8 male rats with normal blood pressure at the same age were set as the normal control group,with equal volume of distilled water. After treatment for 60 consecutive days, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine microalbumin (mAlb)and <i>N</i>-acetyl-<i>β</i>-<i>D</i>-glucosaminidase (NAG) content in 24 h urine as well as the level of serum angiotensinⅡ (AngⅡ). Ultrastructural changes of rat kidneys were observed by transmission electron microscope. Western blot was used to detect renal TLR4, NF-<i>κ</i>B p65 protein levels. Immunohistochemical method was used to detect renal tumor necrosis factor-<i>α</i> (TNF-<i>α</i>) and interleukin 10 (IL-10) expression. <b>Result:</b>As compared with the normal control group, the levels of urine mAlb, NAG and serum Ang Ⅱ were increased in the model group (<i>P</i><0.05); the expression of TLR4 and NF-<i>κ</i>B p65 protein was increased (<i>P</i><0.05); expression of TNF-<i>α</i> was increased (<i>P</i><0.05), while IL-10 expression was decreased (<i>P</i><0.05). Transmission electron microscopy of kidney tissues showed that most of the glomeruli of the model group had podocyte foot process fusion, mesangial cells and mesangial matrix hyperplasia. As compared with the model group, the levels of urine mAlb, NAG, and serum Ang Ⅱ were decreased in the rats in lumbricus peptides groups and benazepril group (<i>P</i><0.05); the expression of TLR4 and NF-<i>κ</i>B p65 protein was decreased (<i>P</i><0.05); the positive expression of TNF-<i>α</i> in kidney was decreased to different extent (<i>P</i><0.05), but the expression of IL-10 was increased (<i>P</i><0.05). Transmission electron microscopy of kidney tissues showed that the damage of kidneys in rats after administration of high-dose lumbricus peptides and benazepril was improved in varying degrees. <b>Conclusion:</b>lumbricus peptides can reduce early renal damage in SHRs, and its mechanism may be achieved by regulating the AngⅡ-TLR4/NF-<i>κ</i>B pathway.

4.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 471-477, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609106

ABSTRACT

Objective:To know about the prevalence of depression,anxiety,and suicidal behaviors among newly diagnosed HIV-positive men who have sex with men.Methods:A cross-sectional study with a consecutive sample was conducted in the HIV/AIDS Voluntary Counseling and Testing Clinic of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention.A standard set of questionnaires,namely,the Patient Health Questionnaire Depression Scale (PHQ9),Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7),and a self-designed suicidal behavior questionnaire were used to assess the subjects'emotional problems.Results:Among 321 newly diagnosed HIV-positive men who had sex with men,the positive rate of depression and anxiety were 41.1% (132/321) and 31.5% (101/321),respectively.The rate suicidal ideation after HIV diagnosis was 27.7% (89/321).Individuals who were living with others,had HIV related clinical symptoms,higher HIV/AIDS related stress,and lower social support were more likely to have positive depressive symptoms.Individuals who were unmarried,had lower HIV/AIDS related stress,and lower social support were more likely to have positive anxiety.The prevalence of suicidal ideation after HIV diagnosis was higher among individuals who were unwilling to join in HIV/AIDS support groups,had HIV related clinical symptoms,higher HIV/AIDS related stress,lower social support,and both positive depression and anxiety symptoms.Conclusion:The prevalence of emotional problems is high among newly diagnosed HIV-positive men who have sex with men.It is warranted to promote mental health service for this vulnerable group.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506475

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer is one of the common malignant tumors in digestive system. The incidence of gastric cancer in China is higher than that in developed countries. The prognosis of gastric cancer is closely related to the stage of cancer, and the prognosis of advanced gastric cancer is poor. Improving the detection rate of early gastric cancer is the key to improve the survival of patients with gastric cancer. Endoscopic technology developed rapidly in recent years,various forms of endoscopy have been applied in clinical practice,and the detection rate of early gastric cancer was increased. This article reviewed the advances in study on endoscopic diagnosis of early gastric cancer.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277121

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Dominant disease menu of mental and behavioral disorder of acupuncture therapy was summarized and obtained in this article.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Literatures on clinical treatment of mental and behavioral disorder with acupuncture were picked up from CBMdisc and CNKI during 1978 to 2007. Types of mental and behavioral disorder and report frequency of each disease treated with acupuncture were counted. And dominant diseases which were favorable to be treated with acupuncture were acquired through analysis and inductive method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty-nine diseases of mental and behavioral disorder are favorable to be treated with acupuncture which were mentioned in totally 1967 related documents. It is found that the number of reports of sleep disorder, depression, hysteria aphronesia, dementia and sexual disorder are ranked as the top five.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It is concluded that the preponderant diseases of mental and behavioral disorder treated by acupuncture are dementia, withdrawal syndrome, mental retardation, obsessive-compulsive disorder, sleep disorder, gastrointestinal neurosis (gastrointestinal disorders), depression, alcoholism and globus hystericus.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Mental Disorders , Therapeutics , Moxibustion
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