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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 382-394, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016643

ABSTRACT

Based on the strategy of metabolomics combined with bioinformatics, this study analyzed the potential allergens and mechanism of pseudo-allergic reactions (PARs) induced by the combined use of Reduning injection and penicillin G injection. All animal experiments and welfare are in accordance with the requirements of the First Affiliated Experimental Animal Ethics and Animal Welfare Committee of Henan University of Chinese Medicine (approval number: YFYDW2020002). Based on UPLC-Q-TOF/MS technology combined with UNIFI software, a total of 21 compounds were identified in Reduning and penicillin G mixed injection. Based on molecular docking technology, 10 potential allergens with strong binding activity to MrgprX2 agonist sites were further screened. Metabolomics analysis using UPLC-Q-TOF/MS technology revealed that 34 differential metabolites such as arachidonic acid, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, prostaglandins, and leukotrienes were endogenous differential metabolites of PARs caused by combined use of Reduning injection and penicillin G injection. Through the analysis of the "potential allergen-target-endogenous differential metabolite" interaction network, the chlorogenic acids (such as chlorogenic acid, neochlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, and isochlorogenic acid A) and β-lactam allergens in the combination of the two may be mainly regulated by PLD1, PLA2G12A and CYP1A1. The three upstream signal target proteins mainly activate the arachidonic acid metabolic pathway, promote the degranulation of mast cells, release downstream endogenous inflammatory mediators, and induce PARs.

2.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 687-688,689, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004765

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the serology and genotype identification method of B (A) subtype patients. 【Methods】 Test tube method (serology) was used to confirm the clinically difficult ABO blood group samples of 3 patients with ABO blood group; ABO blood group was genotyped by real-time PCR, and the ABO gene exon 1-7 was sequenced to determine the genotype. 【Results】 The forward and reverse blood typing result of three patients was B (A) subtype all with ABO genotype B/O2 and c.640A> G mutation on B allele of exon 7, which meets the characteristics of ABO * BA.04 genotype. 【Conclusion】 The combination of serological and genetic testing could identify difficult blood types such as ABO subtypes accurately and ensure the safety of clinical blood use.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5915-5931, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008790

ABSTRACT

This study used UPLC-TQ-MS technology to replicate a Henoch-Schonlein purpura(HSP) model in rats by administering warm drugs by gavage and injecting ovalbumin with Freund's complete adjuvant emulsion. The distribution differences and characteristics of eight major components(ferulic acid, caffeic acid, neochlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, benzoyl oxypaeoniflorin, tracheloside, loganin, and paeoniflorin) in rat liver, lung, heart, spleen, and kidney tissues were determined after oral administration of the Liangxue Tuizi Mixture at a dose of 42 g·kg~(-1) in both normal physiological and HSP states at 0.5, 1, 2, 6, and 12 hours. The results showed that the distribution patterns of the eight components of Liangxue Tuizi Mixture in the tissues of normal and HSP model rats were different. The main component, paeoniflorin, in Moutan Cortex and Paeoniae Radix Alba had higher content in all tissues. The eight components were predominantly distributed in the liver, lung, and kidney tissues, followed by spleen and heart tissues.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , IgA Vasculitis/drug therapy , Monoterpenes , Administration, Oral , Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 176-187, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927925

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to explore the alleviating effect and mechanism of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma against Psora-leae Fructus-induced liver injury based on network pharmacology and cell experiments. The active components of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Psoraleae Fructus were first retrieved from the Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine(ETCM), Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP), Comparative Toxicogenomics Database(CTD), and literature and further screened by SwissADME. The obtained 25 potential toxic components of Psoraleae Fructus and 29 flavonoids in Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma were input into the SwissTargetPrediction for target predication. A total of 818 targets related to liver injury were screened out based on GeneCards and MalaCards, and 91 common targets of Psoraleae Fructus, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and liver injury were obtained from Venny. STRING was applied for constructing the PPI network, and Metascape for analyzing the biological processes and signaling pathways that common targets participated in. Cytoscape was used to construct the component-target-disease network and component-target-pathway network for Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma against Psoraleae Fructus-induced liver injury. The predicted core targets were proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase(SRC), phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase subunit alpha(PIK3 CA), RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase(AKT1), etc, with PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, apoptosis, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, and NF-κB signaling pathway mainly involved. Following the scree-ning of the main toxic and pharmacodynamic components, the pharmacodynamic effects were investigated by cell experiments. The results showed that licochalcone A was mainly responsible for alleviating coryfolin-induced liver injury, licochalcone B for coryfolin-and psoralidin-induced liver injury, and echinatin for corylifolinin-and bakuchiol-induced liver injury. The preliminary revealing of the alleviating effect of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma on Psoraleae Fructus-induced liver injury and the prediction of related mechanisms will provide reference for further mechanism research and reasonable clinical compatibility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury, Chronic , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Glycyrrhiza , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Network Pharmacology
5.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 112-115, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016259

ABSTRACT

Background: There is still controversy whether the existence of esophageal heterotopic gastric mucosa (EHGM) and its histological type are related to the laryngopharyngeal symptoms. Aims: To analyze the clinical and histological characteristics of EHGM and its correlation with gastroesophageal reflux. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in consecutive gastroscopy-proved EHGM cases from September 2018 to January 2020 at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Baotou Medical College. Besides clinical data review and questionnaire survey on reflux symptoms, histological typing of EHGM and immunohistochemistry were also performed in some cases. Results: A total of 1 229 cases of EHGM were recruited. The male-to-female ratio was 1.67:1, and middle-aged people were predominant. Most of the heterotopic mucosa were located 15-18 cm away from the incisors, and were mainly single. Two hundred and ninety-four cases (23.9%) were complicated with reflux esophagitis (RE), of which Los Angeles grade A and B accounted for 96.6%. Regurgitation/acid reflux (15.5 %) and heartburn (12.3%) were the most common esophageal symptoms, while extraesophageal symptoms were rare. Histological typing was obtained in 57 cases, of which, 37 (64.9%) were cardia-type, 18 (31.6%) were fundic-type, and 2 (3.5%) were mixed type. There were no significant differences in gender, age, location and number of EHGM, expression levels of H

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 276-281, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014329

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effect of drug-containing serum of Schisandra Chinensis Fructus and compatible with Glycyrrhizae Radix Et Rhizoma -on lipid accumulation in hepatocytes and explore the related mechanism. Methods SD rats were given Schisandra Chinensis Fructus (SF, 3.9 g • kg"1), Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus-Glycyrrhizae Radix Et Rhizoma (SG, 1 : 1, 1 '• 1. 5, the extract 3. 9 g • kg"1 in crud of Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus), once per day, the drug-containing serum was prepared after seven days of continuous administration. Conventional cultivation of human normal hepatocytes (L02 cells) in vitro, cells were divided into blank control group, SF group, and SG(1 : 1 and 1 : 1.5) group. After 48 hours' treatment , lactate dehydrogenase ( LDH) release was detected by the kit, the levels of intracellular triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) were detected by biochemical method. The mRNA expression levels of PPAR-a, PPAR-7, Fabpl/2, SREBPlc, ACCa and FAS were detected by the real-time reverse tran scrip- tion polymerase chain reaction ( RT-PCR ). Results The biochemical results showed that compared with the blank group, the content of TG and TC in SF group increased significantly (P < 0. 05 ) , the mRNA expres sion of PPAR-a and PPAR-7 in SF group was significantly reduced, and the mRNA expression of SREBPlc and ACCa markedly increased ( P < 0.05, P < 0.01). When compared with SF group, the levels of TG and TC in SG (1 : 1) group were significantly reduced (P <0. 05) , the mRNA expressions of Fabpl/2 and FAS in SG (1 : 1) group were significantly reduced, while the mRNA expression of SREBPlc significantly increased ( P < 0. 05, P < 0. 01 ). TC content in SG (1 : 1.5) group significantly decreased (P < 0.05 ) and the mRNA expression of PPAR-7, SREBP1 c in SG (1 : 1.5) significantly increased, but the Fabpl/2 and FAS markedly decreased (P <0. 05, P < 0. 01). Conclusions SF containing serum can significantly increase the content of TG and TC in hepatocytes , and the SG containing serum can significantly improve the elevated TG and TC contents and reduce lipid accumulation. The mechanism may be related to the regulation of mRNA expression of PPAR-a, PPAR- 7, Fabpl/2, SREBPlc, ACCa and FAS.

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 136-142, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014305

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the influence of Schisandrae Fructus ( Wuweizi in Chinese) and com¬patible with Glycyrrhiza ( Gancao in Chinese ) on the levels of serum lipids and their influence on liver syn¬thesis pathway of triglyceride ( TG ). Methods ICR mice were divided, according to weight randomized block method, into four groups; normal control group ( Control, C ), Schisandrae Fructus ethanolic extract group (SF) , Schisandrae Fructus compatible with Gly¬cyrrhiza ethanolic extract (SG) 1 : 1 and 1 : 1.5. The control group was intragastrically given normal saline (10 mL • kg-1), SF group, SG 1 : 1 and 1 : 1. 5 group were given the extract 3. 9 g • kg"1 in crude of Schisandrae Fructus for 10 days. The levels of TG, to¬tal cholesterol (TC) , low-density lipoprotein-cholester¬ol ( LDL-C ) and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol ( HDL-C ) were detected by biochemical method, as well as alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity. The activities of liver fatty acid synthase (FAS) and acctyl-COA carboxylase ( ACC ), and levels of GPAT, acy- CoA oxidase ( ACO ) were detected by enzyme immu¬noassay ( ELISA ). The protein expressions of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-lc (SREBP-lc) and peroxisome proliferator-activiated receptor-a ( PPARa ) were detected by immunohistochemistry technique. Results Compared with C group, the lev¬els of TG and TC increased significantly, the level of serum LDL-C decreased significantly, the activities of liver ACC and GPAT level increased markedly, the protein expression of SREBP-1 c was markedly up-regu¬lated, and the protein expression of PPARa was evi¬dently down-regulated in SF group. When compared with SF group, the levels of serum TG and ACO, the activities of serum ALT and GPAT apparently de¬creased in SG 1 : 1 group. The protein expression of SREBP-1 c in SG 1 : 1 and 1 : 1.5 group was signifi¬cantly down-regulated, and the protein expression of PPARa was markedly up-regulated. Conclusions High dose of SF can increase the serum TG and TC levels , and the mechanisms may be related to that SF can promote the expression of liver SREBP-lc, in¬crease the activities and levels of FAS, ACC and GPAT in TG synthesis pathway, and down-regulate protein expression of PPARct and ACO for promoting liver TG synthesis. Compatible with Glycyrrhiza can significantly improve the elevated blood lipids and the proteins in the TG synthesis pathway.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 677-684, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880132

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analysis the relationship between different BMI (body mass index) and the clinical characteristics, laboratory examination indexes of newly diagnosed adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), so as to investigate the effects of BMI to the efficacy of first induction chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 145 newly diagnosed adult AML patients treated in the First Hospital of Lanzhou University from August 2015 to August 2019 were retrospective analyzed. According to the guidelines for prevention and control of overweight and obesity in Chinese adults, the BMI (kg/m@*RESULTS@#Among the 145 newly diagnosed adult AML patients, there were 71 males and 74 females. The median age was 50 years old(range 18 to 82 years old). There were 21 patients in underweight group (14.5%), 79 patients in normal weight group (54.5%), and 45 patients in overweight and obese group (31.0%). The patients with higher BMI level showed the older in age(P=0.018). There were significant differences in sex between the patients in each group(P=0.035). In overweight and obese patients, the number of male was significantly higher than female. There were no statistical differences in AML classification, comorbidities(Diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease), hospital days, whether secondary AML and FLT3 gene mutation among the patients in different BMI groups. There were significant differences in TG of the patients in the different groups, the overweight and obese patients were higher (P=0.007). There were no significant differences in WBC and Hb counts, ALB, TC, HDL, LDL, or LDH between the patients in each BMI group at newly diagnosed. The complete remission rate of the patients in the low body mass group or overweight and obese group were lower than that in the normal body weight group (P=0.035). The rate of documented infection during the first induction chemotherapy were significantly higher for the patients in low body mass group than those in normal weight group or overweight and obese group (P=0.038). There was no statistical difference in chemotherapy regimens, the number of chemotherapy until CR, febrile neutropenia, bleeding, and the time of neutropenia, liver and kidney toxicity among each BMI group. Multivariate analysis showed that overweight and obese (P=0.012) , FLT3 mutation (P=0.015) were the risk factors affecting the CR rate of the patients. And the patients with secondary AML, high-risk type, and newly diagnosed WBC ≥50×10@*CONCLUSION@#In newly diagnosed adult patients with AML, low body mass, overweight and obesity, and FLT3 mutations were the factors reducing the early efficacy of AML patients. There were more adverse reactions induced by chemotherapy in the low body mass group. Therefore, inappropriate BMI level can be a risk factor for assessing the prognosis of adults with newly diagnosed AML.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Body Mass Index , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 82-88, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798498

ABSTRACT

@# <b>Objective:</b>to observe the effect and mechanism of lumbricus peptides on early renal injury in spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR) based on Toll-like receptors 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor-<i>κ</i>B(NF-<i>κ</i>B) signaling pathway. <b>Method:</b>The 40 SHRs were randomly divided into model group (equal volume of distilled water by intragastric administration), lumbricus peptides low, middle and high dose groups (126, 252, 504 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and Benazepril group (0.9 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), <i>n</i>=8 in each group. 8 male rats with normal blood pressure at the same age were set as the normal control group,with equal volume of distilled water. After treatment for 60 consecutive days, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine microalbumin (mAlb)and <i>N</i>-acetyl-<i>β</i>-<i>D</i>-glucosaminidase (NAG) content in 24 h urine as well as the level of serum angiotensinⅡ (AngⅡ). Ultrastructural changes of rat kidneys were observed by transmission electron microscope. Western blot was used to detect renal TLR4, NF-<i>κ</i>B p65 protein levels. Immunohistochemical method was used to detect renal tumor necrosis factor-<i>α</i> (TNF-<i>α</i>) and interleukin 10 (IL-10) expression. <b>Result:</b>As compared with the normal control group, the levels of urine mAlb, NAG and serum Ang Ⅱ were increased in the model group (<i>P</i><0.05); the expression of TLR4 and NF-<i>κ</i>B p65 protein was increased (<i>P</i><0.05); expression of TNF-<i>α</i> was increased (<i>P</i><0.05), while IL-10 expression was decreased (<i>P</i><0.05). Transmission electron microscopy of kidney tissues showed that most of the glomeruli of the model group had podocyte foot process fusion, mesangial cells and mesangial matrix hyperplasia. As compared with the model group, the levels of urine mAlb, NAG, and serum Ang Ⅱ were decreased in the rats in lumbricus peptides groups and benazepril group (<i>P</i><0.05); the expression of TLR4 and NF-<i>κ</i>B p65 protein was decreased (<i>P</i><0.05); the positive expression of TNF-<i>α</i> in kidney was decreased to different extent (<i>P</i><0.05), but the expression of IL-10 was increased (<i>P</i><0.05). Transmission electron microscopy of kidney tissues showed that the damage of kidneys in rats after administration of high-dose lumbricus peptides and benazepril was improved in varying degrees. <b>Conclusion:</b>lumbricus peptides can reduce early renal damage in SHRs, and its mechanism may be achieved by regulating the AngⅡ-TLR4/NF-<i>κ</i>B pathway.

10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1921-1926, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773147

ABSTRACT

In the present study,non-targeted metabolomics technique was used to screen potentially susceptibility biomarkers in patients with mild liver function abnormalities during long-term use of Chinese herbal compound. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,we collected 7 cases of patients with abnormal liver function during the period of complete taking Chinese herbal medicine( 60 days),and 18 cases of patients with normal liver function in re-examination from the reproductive medicine center in our hospital. Ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry( UPLC-Q-TOF/MS~E) technique combined with Progenesis QI software was used to analyze the differential biomarkers in serum of patients with wild liver function abnormalities and normal liver function. 11 potential biomarkers such as bilirubin,pantothenic acid,hippuric acid,sphingomyelin,palmitic acid,and oleic acid were tentatively identified. Metabolic disorders in patients with herbal-induced mild liver abnormality were mainly related to two pathways: pantothenic acid and coenzyme A biosynthesis and linoleic acid metabolism. It could provide a reference for the early warning of mild liver function abnormalities of patients that may be caused by long-term use of Chinese medicine compound in clinical application,and will lay a foundation for further understanding the endogenous substance changes in different levels of liver injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Blood , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Liver Diseases , Blood , Mass Spectrometry , Metabolomics
11.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 471-477, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609106

ABSTRACT

Objective:To know about the prevalence of depression,anxiety,and suicidal behaviors among newly diagnosed HIV-positive men who have sex with men.Methods:A cross-sectional study with a consecutive sample was conducted in the HIV/AIDS Voluntary Counseling and Testing Clinic of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention.A standard set of questionnaires,namely,the Patient Health Questionnaire Depression Scale (PHQ9),Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7),and a self-designed suicidal behavior questionnaire were used to assess the subjects'emotional problems.Results:Among 321 newly diagnosed HIV-positive men who had sex with men,the positive rate of depression and anxiety were 41.1% (132/321) and 31.5% (101/321),respectively.The rate suicidal ideation after HIV diagnosis was 27.7% (89/321).Individuals who were living with others,had HIV related clinical symptoms,higher HIV/AIDS related stress,and lower social support were more likely to have positive depressive symptoms.Individuals who were unmarried,had lower HIV/AIDS related stress,and lower social support were more likely to have positive anxiety.The prevalence of suicidal ideation after HIV diagnosis was higher among individuals who were unwilling to join in HIV/AIDS support groups,had HIV related clinical symptoms,higher HIV/AIDS related stress,lower social support,and both positive depression and anxiety symptoms.Conclusion:The prevalence of emotional problems is high among newly diagnosed HIV-positive men who have sex with men.It is warranted to promote mental health service for this vulnerable group.

12.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 752-754, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506475

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer is one of the common malignant tumors in digestive system. The incidence of gastric cancer in China is higher than that in developed countries. The prognosis of gastric cancer is closely related to the stage of cancer, and the prognosis of advanced gastric cancer is poor. Improving the detection rate of early gastric cancer is the key to improve the survival of patients with gastric cancer. Endoscopic technology developed rapidly in recent years,various forms of endoscopy have been applied in clinical practice,and the detection rate of early gastric cancer was increased. This article reviewed the advances in study on endoscopic diagnosis of early gastric cancer.

13.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 937-940, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277121

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Dominant disease menu of mental and behavioral disorder of acupuncture therapy was summarized and obtained in this article.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Literatures on clinical treatment of mental and behavioral disorder with acupuncture were picked up from CBMdisc and CNKI during 1978 to 2007. Types of mental and behavioral disorder and report frequency of each disease treated with acupuncture were counted. And dominant diseases which were favorable to be treated with acupuncture were acquired through analysis and inductive method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty-nine diseases of mental and behavioral disorder are favorable to be treated with acupuncture which were mentioned in totally 1967 related documents. It is found that the number of reports of sleep disorder, depression, hysteria aphronesia, dementia and sexual disorder are ranked as the top five.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It is concluded that the preponderant diseases of mental and behavioral disorder treated by acupuncture are dementia, withdrawal syndrome, mental retardation, obsessive-compulsive disorder, sleep disorder, gastrointestinal neurosis (gastrointestinal disorders), depression, alcoholism and globus hystericus.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Mental Disorders , Therapeutics , Moxibustion
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