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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3994-4007, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922455

ABSTRACT

Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of many cardiovascular diseases. We recently showed that TMEM16A is involved in hypertension-induced cerebrovascular remodeling. However, it is unclear whether this effect is related to the regulation of VSMC migration. Here, we investigated whether and how TMEM16A contributes to migration in basilar artery smooth muscle cells (BASMCs). We observed that AngII increased the migration of cultured BASMCs, which was markedly inhibited by overexpression of TMEM16A. TMEM16A overexpression inhibited AngII-induced RhoA/ROCK2 activation, and myosin light chain phosphatase (MLCP) and myosin light chain (MLC20) phosphorylation. But AngII-induced myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) activation was not affected by TMEM16A. Furthermore, a suppressed activation of integrin

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1803-1811, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887602

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Acute heart failure (AHF) is the most common disease in emergency departments (EDs). However, clinical data exploring the outcomes of patients presenting AHF in EDs are limited, especially the long-term outcomes. The purposes of this study were to describe the long-term outcomes of patients with AHF in the EDs and further analyze their prognostic factors.@*METHODS@#This prospective, multicenter, cohort study consecutively enrolled 3335 patients with AHF who were admitted to EDs of 14 hospitals from Beijing between January 1, 2011 and September 23, 2012. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis were adopted to evaluate 5-year outcomes and associated predictors.@*RESULTS@#The 5-year mortality and cardiovascular death rates were 55.4% and 49.6%, respectively. The median overall survival was 34 months. Independent predictors of 5-year mortality were patient age (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.027, 95 confidence interval [CI]: 1.023-1.030), body mass index (BMI) (HR: 0.971, 95% CI: 0.958-0.983), fatigue (HR: 1.127, 95% CI: 1.009-1.258), ascites (HR: 1.190, 95% CI: 1.057-1.340), hepatic jugular reflux (HR: 1.339, 95% CI: 1.140-1.572), New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III to IV (HR: 1.511, 95% CI: 1.291-1.769), heart rate (HR: 1.003, 95% CI: 1.001-1.005), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (HR: 0.996, 95% CI: 0.993-0.999), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) (HR: 1.014, 95% CI: 1.008-1.020), B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP)/N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) level in the third (HR: 1.426, 95% CI: 1.220-1.668) or fourth quartile (HR: 1.437, 95% CI: 1.223-1.690), serum sodium (HR: 0.980, 95% CI: 0.972-0.988), serum albumin (HR: 0.981, 95% CI: 0.971-0.992), ischemic heart diseases (HR: 1.195, 95% CI: 1.073-1.331), primary cardiomyopathy (HR: 1.382, 95% CI: 1.183-1.614), diabetes (HR: 1.118, 95% CI: 1.010-1.237), stroke (HR: 1.252, 95% CI: 1.121-1.397), and the use of diuretics (HR: 0.714, 95% CI: 0.626-0.814), β-blockers (HR: 0.673, 95% CI: 0.588-0.769), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) (HR: 0.714, 95% CI: 0.604-0.845), angiotensin-II receptor blockers (ARBs) (HR: 0.790, 95% CI: 0.646-0.965), spironolactone (HR: 0.814, 95% CI: 0.663-0.999), calcium antagonists (HR: 0.624, 95% CI: 0.531-0.733), nitrates (HR: 0.715, 95% CI: 0.631-0.811), and digoxin (HR: 0.579, 95% CI: 0.465-0.721).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The results of our study demonstrate poor 5-year outcomes of patients presenting to EDs with AHF. Age, BMI, fatigue, ascites, hepatic jugular reflux, NYHA class III to IV, heart rate, DBP, BUN, BNP/NT-proBNP level in the third or fourth quartile, serum sodium, serum albumin, ischemic heart diseases, primary cardiomyopathy, diabetes, stroke, and the use of diuretics, β-blockers, ACEIs, ARBs, spironolactone, calcium antagonists, nitrates, and digoxin were independently associated with 5-year all-cause mortality.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Beijing/epidemiology , Biomarkers , Cohort Studies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Failure/mortality , Humans , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Peptide Fragments , Prognosis , Prospective Studies
3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 593-600, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941323

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical and genetic characteristics of clinical subtypes of non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Methods: It was a cohort study. Patients with non-obstructive HCM admitted to Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, from January 1999 to April 2019 were enrolled. According to the characteristics of cardiac morphology and function shown by echocardiography, the patients were divided into common type, dilated type, restricted type and reduced ejection fraction type. The clinical data of the patients were recorded, and 8 sarcomere pathogenic genes were screened by full exon sequencing or panel sequencing. Patienst were followed up and cardiovascular endpoint events were recorded. Results: A total of 815 patients with non-obstructive HCM were enrolled, including 27 (3.3%) restricted type, 51 (6.3%) dilated type, 30 (3.7%) reduced ejection fraction type and 707 (86.7%) common type. A total of 704 out of 815 patients underwent genetic testing. Among them, 299 (42.5%) patients carried at least 1 sarcomere gene mutation. MYBPC3 and MYH7 mutation accounted for 42.1% (126/299) and 35.8% (107/299) respectively. 66.7% (16/24) of the patients with restricted type carried sarcomere gene mutation, which was higher than that in patients with dilated type (36.4% (16/44)) and in common type (41.5% (250/602), P=0.015). Among the patients with reduced ejection fraction, 56.7% (17/30) patients carried sarcomere gene mutations, 23.3% (7/30) carried multiple sarcomere mutations, which was higher than that in restricted type (8.3% (2/24)), in dilated type (9.1% (4/44)) and in common type 4.2% ((24/577), P<0.001). MYH7 and MYBPC3 were the main mutation gene types of all clinical subtypes, and the genotypes were similar among groups (all P>0.05). Seven hundred and three out 815 patients were followed up for 2.9 (1.4, 4.0) years. There were 53(7.5%) cardiovascular death. Cardiovascular death occurred in 5.0% (29/578) patients with common type, 13.0% (3/23) patients with restricted type, 16.3% (7/43) patients with dilated type and 46.7% (14/30) patients with decreased ejection fraction. Univariate Cox proportional hazards model analysis showed that the risk of cardiovascular death in patients with restricted, dilated and reduced ejection fraction type was higher than that in patients with common type (P<0.001). After adjusting for gender, age of onset, body mass index, history of hypertension, coronary heart disease and diabetes, multivariate Cox proportional hazards model analysis showed that the HR of cardiovascular death in patients with restricted, dilated and reduced ejection fraction type were 5.454 (95%CI 1.137-26.157, P=0.034) and 6.597 (95%CI 1.632-26.667, P=0.008) and 9.028 (95%CI 2.201-37.039, P=0.002) respectively, as compared to patients with common type. Conclusions: Most of the patients with non-obstructive HCM are common type, featured by mild clinical manifestations and good prognosis. Although the proportion of restricted type and dilated type is relatively low, and cardiac systolic function is mostly preserved, the clinical phenotype and prognosis of these patients are similarly severe and poor as patients with reduced ejection fraction. The genotypes are similar in different clinical subtypes, but the proportion of patients with sarcomere gene mutation is higher in restricted type, and the proportion of patients with multiple sarcomere gene mutation is higher in decreased ejection fraction type.


Subject(s)
Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/genetics , Cohort Studies , Humans , Mutation , Phenotype , Sarcomeres/genetics
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 173-177, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878026

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Recent studies suggest that a healthy diet helps to prevent the development of Alzheimer disease (AD). This study aimed to investigate whether spicy food consumption is associated with cognition and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers of AD in the Chinese population.@*METHODS@#We enrolled 55 AD patients and 55 age- and gender-matched cognitively normal (CN) subjects in a case-control study, as well as a cohort of 131 participants without subjective cognitive decline (non-AD) in a cross-sectional study. Spicy food consumption was assessed using the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). Associations of FFQ scores with cognition and CSF biomarkers of AD were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In the case-control study, spicy food consumption was lower in AD patients than that in CNs (4.0 [4.0-8.0] vs. 8.0 [4.5-10.0], P < 0.001); FFQ scores were positively associated with Mini-Mental Status Examination scores in the total sample (r = 0.218, P = 0.014). In the cross-sectional study, the association between spicy food consumption and cognition levels was verified in non-AD subjects (r = 0.264, P = 0.0023). Moreover, higher FFQ scores were significantly associated with higher β-Amyloid (1-42) (Aβ42) levels and lower phospho-tau/Aβ42 and total tau/Aβ42 ratios in the CSF of non-AD subjects (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Spicy food consumption is closely related to higher cognition levels and reversed AD biomarkers in the CSF, suggesting that a capsaicin-rich diet might have the potential to modify the cognitive status and cerebral pathologies associated with AD.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Biomarkers , Case-Control Studies , Cognition , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Peptide Fragments , tau Proteins
5.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 509-520, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891259

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) has been reported as being involved in tumor progression. Previous studies documented a potential relationship between serum GGT level and survival outcome in several types of human malignancies. However, the association between serum GGT levels and response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has not yet been reported. The present study aimed to evaluate the association between pre-therapeutic serum GGT level and the efficacy, long-term survival, and adverse reactions of NAC and to investigate its role in predicting NAC sensitivity in patients with breast cancer. @*Methods@#A total of 129 patients were recruited and stratified into 2 groups according to serum GGT level (< 29 U/L and ≥ 29 U/L). The association between pre-therapeutic serum GGT levels and clinicopathological parameters was examined. The correlation between pre-therapeutic serum GGT levels and pathological complete response (pCR) was analyzed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Survival analyses of relapse-free survival (RFS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were performed. Pearson's χ 2 test and multivariate logistic regression model were used to analyze the correlation between pre-therapeutic serum GGT levels and adverse reactions. @*Results@#Pre-therapeutic serum GGT levels were associated with pCR among breast cancer patients treated with NAC. Multivariate analysis showed that low-level GGT significantly increased pCR rate. Patients in the high-level GGT group had poorer survival than those in the low-level GGT group. Subgroup analysis demonstrated that serum GGT level was potentially related to RFS and DFS in the hormone receptor-positive group. Low levels of GGT are significantly associated with a higher incidence of neutropenia. @*Conclusion@#Pre-therapeutic serum GGT level is an independent and novel biomarker for predicting the efficiency, prognosis, and adverse reactions to NAC in breast cancer patients.Patients with low pre-therapeutic serum GGT levels are more likely to have higher pCR rates, better RFS and DFS, and higher hematologic toxicity.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865487

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of superb micro-vascular imaging (SMI) in evaluating carotid neovascularization in patients with Takayasu arteritis (TA).Methods:SMI was used to analyze the wall thickness and neovascularization in a total of 38 common carotid arteries in 23 patients with TA diagnosed in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, and the results were compared with contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS).Results:SMI could clearly show the thickening wall of the common carotid artery in TA patients, and could show very tiny blood flow channels in the thickening wall. Neovascularization was detected in a total of 34 common carotid arteries by SMI, 23 of which showed 1 point of score with scattered low-velocity blood flow and the rest of which showed 2 points of score with diffused spots or strips with low-velocity blood flow. Correspondingly, neovascularization was detected in a total of 34 common carotid artery by CEUS, 22 of which showed 1 point of score and the rest of which showed 2 points of score. The scores of the two groups were consistent ( Kappa=0.641, P<0.01). Conclusions:SMI can be used as one of the important screening methods for neovascularization assessment in thickened carotid wall in patients with TA, which shows potential application value in the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up for TA patients.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824966

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of laurocapram and borneol as transdermal penetration enhancers applied to herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion on liver lipids, hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) and hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase in hyperlipidemia rabbits.Methods: Forty New-Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into 5 groups using the random number table method, with 8 rats in each group. Rabbits in the blank group were fed routinely with a normal diet; rabbits in the other groups were fed with high-fat diet for 12 weeks to establish the hyperlipidemia model. Rabbits in the blank and the model groups were not given any intervention. After the model was prepared successfully, rabbits in the non-transdermal penetration enhancer group received herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion without transdermal penetration enhancers; rabbits in the laurocapram group and the borneol group received herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion with laurocapram or borneol respectively. After 4 weeks of treatment, the serum was isolated and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was applied for the detection of HSL and HMG-CoA reductase. The liver tissues were isolated, and total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG) were measured by enzymatic methods. One-step method was applied for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) detection, and transmission turbidimetry was for apolipoprotein A1 (Apo-A1) and apolipoprotein B (Apo-B) detection. Results: The serum concentrations of the drugs in the laurocapram and the borneol groups were significantly higher than those in the non-transdermal penetration enhancer group (both P<0.05); all drug penetrations in the borneol group were significantly higher than those in the laurocapram group (both P<0.05), except for tanshinone ⅡA. Compared with the non-transdermal penetration enhancer group, the HSL was significantly increased while the HMG-CoA reductase was significantly decreased in the laurocapram and the borneol groups (both P<0.05); between groups, the HSL in the borneol group was significantly higher than that in the laurocapram group (P<0.05). Compared with the blank group, the levels of LDL-C, TG, TC and Apo-B in rabbit liver were significantly increased in the model group (P<0.05); compared with the model group, the levels of LDL-C, TG, TC and Apo-B in the non-transdermal penetration enhancer, the laurocapram, and the borneol groups were significantly decreased (all P<0.05); between groups, the TG and TC in the laurocapram group and the LDL-C, TG, TC and Apo-B in the borneol group were significantly lower than those in the non-transdermal penetration enhancer group (all P<0.05), and the TG, LDL-C and Apo-B in the borneol group were significantly lower than those in the laurocapram group (all P<0.05). Compared with the blank group, the HDL-C and Apo-A1 were significantly decreased in the model group (both P<0.05), while compared with the model group, the HDL-C and Apo-A1 were significantly increased in the non-transdermal penetration enhancer, the laurocapram, and the borneol groups (all P<0.05). Between groups, the Apo-A1 in the laurocapram group, the HDL-C and Apo-A1 in the borneol group were significantly higher than those in the non-transdermal penetration enhancer group (all P<0.05).Conclusion: The application of laurocapram and borneol, as transdermal penetration enhancers, in herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion can promote the penetration of the drugs in the herbal cake, increase the levels of HDL-C and Apo-A1, improve the metabolism of HSL and HMG-CoA reductase, and also simultaneously reduce the levels of TC, TG, LDL-C and Apo-B in the liver. The transdermal penetration enhancement effect of borneol is slightly better than or equivalent to that of laurocapram.

8.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 509-520, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898963

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) has been reported as being involved in tumor progression. Previous studies documented a potential relationship between serum GGT level and survival outcome in several types of human malignancies. However, the association between serum GGT levels and response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has not yet been reported. The present study aimed to evaluate the association between pre-therapeutic serum GGT level and the efficacy, long-term survival, and adverse reactions of NAC and to investigate its role in predicting NAC sensitivity in patients with breast cancer. @*Methods@#A total of 129 patients were recruited and stratified into 2 groups according to serum GGT level (< 29 U/L and ≥ 29 U/L). The association between pre-therapeutic serum GGT levels and clinicopathological parameters was examined. The correlation between pre-therapeutic serum GGT levels and pathological complete response (pCR) was analyzed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Survival analyses of relapse-free survival (RFS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were performed. Pearson's χ 2 test and multivariate logistic regression model were used to analyze the correlation between pre-therapeutic serum GGT levels and adverse reactions. @*Results@#Pre-therapeutic serum GGT levels were associated with pCR among breast cancer patients treated with NAC. Multivariate analysis showed that low-level GGT significantly increased pCR rate. Patients in the high-level GGT group had poorer survival than those in the low-level GGT group. Subgroup analysis demonstrated that serum GGT level was potentially related to RFS and DFS in the hormone receptor-positive group. Low levels of GGT are significantly associated with a higher incidence of neutropenia. @*Conclusion@#Pre-therapeutic serum GGT level is an independent and novel biomarker for predicting the efficiency, prognosis, and adverse reactions to NAC in breast cancer patients.Patients with low pre-therapeutic serum GGT levels are more likely to have higher pCR rates, better RFS and DFS, and higher hematologic toxicity.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861984

ABSTRACT

Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a chronic and non-specific large-vessel vasculitis including active phase and inactive phase. Accurate distinguish of active and inactive phases of TA, so as to formulate targeted treatment plans is of great significances for improving prognosis and long-term survival. Imaging plays an increasingly important role in diagnosis of TA, especially in identification of changes in activity. The advances in imaging diagnosis of active phase of TA were reviewed in this article.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2237-2241, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774667

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) involves inflammation of the nasal and para-nasal mucosa. Due to its heterogeneous nature, unknown pathogenesis, and high recurrence rate, effective treatment is difficult. Nasal cytology is presently not a part of the routine diagnosis or treatment decision for CRS.@*DATA SOURCES@#A literature search was performed for published papers in English between January 1990 and June 2019 using MEDLINE.@*STUDY SELECTION@#Terms used were chronic rhinosinusitis, eosinophils, etiology, immunopathology, inflammation, mast cells, nasal cytology, polyps, and treatment. Both reviews and original articles were collected and studied.@*RESULTS@#There is no standard nasal fluid, mucus sampling, or staining techniques for identifying inflammatory cell types. Results were divergent from different countries. Moreover, the main focus of these papers on the cells in nasal washings was eosinophils, with infrequent mentioning of other cell types that may imply different etiology and pathology. The heterogeneous cell profile of CRS and the role of mast cells have been unappreciated due to the lack of specific immunohistochemical technique or study of its unique mediators.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Nasal cytology could help distinguish the type and the activation state of inflammatory cells. Thus it can help in providing a clearer picture of CRS pathogenesis, identifying different patient groups, and developing effective treatments.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1272-1282, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772154

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome are highly prevalent respiratory conditions. Their coexistence is referred to as the overlap syndrome. They are both related to pulmonary hypertension (PH) development. This study investigated the effects of OSA on PH in patients with COPD and the associated factors.@*METHODS@#Consecutive patients with stable COPD were recruited for an observational cross-sectional study from September 2016 to May 2018 at Peking University Third Hospital. In total, 106 patients with COPD were enrolled and performed home portable monitoring and echocardiography. OSA was defined by an apnea hypopnea index (AHI) ≥10 events/h. Based on OSA absence or presence, patients were divided into the COPD with OSA and COPD without OSA groups. Factors affecting pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and PH were identified using univariate analysis and logistic regression models.@*RESULTS@#In the 106 patients with COPD, the mean age was 69.52 years, 91.5% were men, and the mean forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) percentage of predicted was 56.15%. Fifty-six (52.8%) patients with COPD were diagnosed with OSA, and 24 (22.6%) patients with COPD were diagnosed as PH. Compared with COPD without OSA group, the median PAP in COPD with severe OSA group increased by 5 mmHg (36.00 [26.00-50.00] mmHg vs. 31.00 [24.00-34.00] mmHg, P = 0.036). COPD with percent of night-time spent with oxygen saturation below 90% (T90) > 10% group had higher PAP than COPD with T90 ≤ 1% group (36.00 [29.00-50.00)] mmHg vs. 29.00 [25.50-34.00] mmHg, F = 7.889, P = 0.007). Univariate analysis revealed age, FEV1% predicted, T90, and Charlson index had statistically significant effects on PH. Multiple regression analysis showed a significant and independent effect of both FEV1% predicted (odds ratio [OR] = 3.46; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.15-10.46; P = 0.028) and AHI (OR = 3.20; 95% CI: 1.09-19.35; P = 0.034) on PH.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients with COPD with OSA are more susceptible to PH, which is associated with declining lung function and increased severity of OSA. Thus, nocturnal hypoxemia and OSA in elderly patients with COPD should be identified and treated.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771913

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Rictor on the hematopoiesis of fetal liver by specific knock-out of Rictor in hematopoietic cells of Vav-Cre mice.@*METHODS@#E12.5 0.08ee fetal liver cells from the experimental group Vav-Cre; Rictor embryos and control group Rictor or Rictor embryos were transplanted to recipients respectively to observe the effect of Rictor on reconstitution ability of hematopoietic stem cells. In the meantime, E14.5 0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80 sorted hematopoietic stem cells from the Vav-Cre; Rictor fetal liver of experimental group and Rictor or Rictor fetal liver of control group were transplanted in to recipients to analyze the numbers of functional hematopoietic stem cells after Rictor was knocked-out. Furthermore, the self-renewal capacity was investigated by secondary transplantation of BM cells from primary recipients that had been successfully repopulated with E12.5 fetal liver-derived cells and by cell cycle analysis.@*RESULTS@#All the recipients receiving E12.5 Rictor or Rictor cells were repopulated (8/8, from 2 independent experiments) with an average chimerism of 77.2%±11.1% at 4 months post-transplantation, which resulted in 57 LT-RU per FL. In comparison, 8 out of 8 recipients receiving Vav-Cre; Rictor cells were repopulated with significantly reduced chimerism (37.0%±16.3%) (P<0.01), which was equivalent to 8 LT-RU per FL. The limiting dilution transplantation experiment showed that there was one functional hematopoietic stem cell out of 17 sorted SLAM cells in the control group, and one functional hematopoietic stem cell out of 39 sorted SLAM cells in the experimental group. The secondary transplantation experiments showed that 2 out of 4 recipients were reconstructed in the control group after 1 month, and 0 was reconstructed in the experimental group by transplanting 4×10 donor cells respectively. What's more, the percentage of S/G/M cells in the experimental group increased when compared with controls.@*CONCLUSION@#In the process of fetal liver hematopoiesis, the specifically knocking-out the Rictor in hematopoietic system can lead to defect of reconstitution ability, decrease of the functional hematopoietic stem cell numbers and reduction of self-renewal ability of hematopoietic stem cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Fetus , Hematopoiesis , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Liver , Mice , Rapamycin-Insensitive Companion of mTOR Protein
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771627

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#By studying the economic data related to road traffic accidents in recent 10 years, this paper explores the impact of various economic factors on the number of casualties in traffic accidents in China, and puts forward related prevention and management measures.@*METHODS@#Based on five economic factors including the number of new health institutions, health investment, transportation investment and disposable income per capita, this paper collects the data of traffic accidents in 31 provinces and municipalities of China from 2004 to 2016 and estimates the parameters using fixed effect model.@*RESULTS@#The number of health institutions, health investment, transportation investment and disposable income per capita are negatively correlated with the number of traffic accident casualties; the number of new health institutions is positively correlated with the number of traffic accident casualties; health investment and transportation investment have a great impact on the number of road traffic accident casualties.@*CONCLUSION@#Economic development has a positive impact on improving traffic conditions, but the increase in the number of new health institutions does not reduce the number of casualties in accidents. The irrational layout of health institutions and imperfect road traffic management mechanism should be taken into account.


Subject(s)
Accidents, Traffic , Mortality , China , Epidemiology , Economics , Health , Economics , Health Facilities , Humans , Income , Time Factors , Transportation , Economics , Wounds and Injuries , Epidemiology
14.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 290-295, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771591

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Through the study of economic, traffic and population data related to road traffic accidents from 2004 to 2016, this paper analyzed the impact of various factors on road traffic casualties in China, and provided theoretical basis and suggestions for the road traffic safety management in China.@*METHODS@#Based on three aspects (economy, road, population) with five factors (gross domestic product (GDP), traffic investment, new vehicle ownership, new road mileage and newly increased population), this paper collected the relevant data of road traffic accidents in 31 provinces and cities in China, from 2004 to 2016. A panel model was established to carry out empirical analysis.@*RESULTS@#All factors have a significant impact on the number of road traffic accident casualties. When other factors remain unchanged, the number of road traffic casualties decreased by an average of 0.19 for every 100 million CNY increased in GDP. For every 100 million CNY increased in traffic investment, the number of road traffic casualties is reduced by an average of 13.93, indicating that economic development can improve road traffic safety to a certain extent. On the contrary, the growth in road mileage, new motor vehicles and population has increased the number of road traffic casualties. For every 10, 000 km of new road mileage, the number of traffic accident casualties has increased by 284.04. For every 10,000 newborns, the number of road traffic casualties increased by 7.33; as the number of new motor vehicles increases by 10,000, the number of road traffic casualties increased by an average of 21.77.@*CONCLUSION@#The increase of GDP and traffic investment can significantly reduce the number of road traffic casualties in China, which shows that economic development is essential to improve road traffic safety. The numbers of new road mileage, newly increased population and the new motor vehicles are positively correlated with the number of traffic accident casualties in traffic accidents, which reflects the existing problems in road design, distribution of road resources, and traffic management in China. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the economic and road related aspects to improve road traffic safety.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754473

ABSTRACT

To assess the efficacy and safety of apatinib for patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) who had failed in second-line chemotherapy. Methods: The clinical data of 46 patients with recurrent EOC who had failed in second-line chemotherapy and were admitted to the Cancer Hospital of Tianjin Medical University from September 2017 to November 2018 were collected. The treatment efficacy of apatinib was evaluated, and treatment-related adverse events (AEs) were recorded to evaluate its safety. Results:A total of 46 eligible patients were enrolled. The median follow-up time was 12 months. The median overall survival (OS) was 6 months (range 2-15 months). The objective response rate (ORR) was 26.1% (12/46 patients), and the disease control rate (DCR) was 86.9% (40/46 patients). AEs occurred in 30 patients (65.2%), and were mainly of grade 1-2. The most common treatment-related AEs were hypertension (39.1%) and hand-foot-skin syndrome (30.4%); only one patient experienced grade 3 treatment-related hyperten-sion. All grade 1-2 AEs could be recovered rapidly and well-tolerated after treatment with medication. Conclusions: Apatinib may be a safe and effective option for patients with advanced EOC who had failed in second-line chemotherapy. Further Studies are warranted in large-scale clinical trials.

16.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 453-457, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805484

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the clinicopathological features, differential diagnosis and prognosis of primary histiocytic sarcoma of central nervous system(CNS).@*Methods@#Three cases of CNS histiocytic sarcoma were collected at Chinese People′s Liberation Army General Hospital from 2005 to 2018. Their clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed, and the related literature reviewed.@*Results@#The three patients included two females and one male, aged 36, 44, 58 years (median 44 years). MRI showed heterogeneously enhancing lesions which were considered meningioma, high-grade glioma or metastatic carcinoma. Histopathologically there were moderately pleomorphic, mitotically active tumor cells with a loose arrangement, effacing the normal brain tissue. These cells possess abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm, highly atypical nuclei, predominant nucleoli, and hemophagocytosis; multinucleated or spindled forms were also seen, as was background reactive inflammation. The tumor cells were typically positive for CD68, CD163, vimentin and lysozyme, S-100 protein, two of three cases were positive for BRAF V600E,one of three cases was partly positive for CD45, CD45RO, CD4, CD34, and negative for GFAP, Olig-2, CK, EMA, SSTR2, CD99, CD117, MPO, CD1a, Langerin, CD21, CD23, CD35, CD15, CD30, CD38, and CD138. The index of Ki-67 was 30%-75%. Rich reticular fiber network was seen in all cases; BRAF V600E mutation was present in two cases.@*Conclusions@#CNS histiocytic sarcoma is a rare malignant tumor; histopathologic and immunohistochemical examination are necessary for the diagnosis and to exclude other primary CNS and hematolymphopoietic tumors. Primary CNS histiocytic sarcoma is treated by surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy, but the prognosis is poor. Complete resection combined with high dose focused radiotherapy can improve the prognosis.

17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 692-696, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805455

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical characteristics of diabetic patients combined with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to compare the prognosis between diabetic and non- diabetic patients in 4-5 years after the onset of AMI.@*Methods@#Followed the certain inclusive and exclusive criteria, a total of 420 patients with acute myocardial infarction were included and divided into diabetes group (group D) and non-diabetes group (group N) with numbers as 161 people and 259 respectively. Baseline data, clinical information, short-term outcome and long-term prognosis of the two groups were compared and analyzed.@*Results@#Among the patients with diabetes, the average age was older (65.65±11.33 vs. 63.30±15.34), with fewer males (64.59% vs. 79.92%); and more likely to have other complications as hypertension (64.60% vs. 53.28%) or hyperlipidemia (42.24% vs. 26.25%). 59.29% of the patients in group D showed pathological changes in 3 major coronary arteries, which were significantly more than its counterpart (40.83%). The proportion of patients that had undergone the coronary artery bypass, grafting (11.11% vs. 5.31%) appeared also higher. There was no significant difference seen in the short-term outcomes between the two groups, but results from the long-term follow-up program showed that both the incidence of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACE) (50.67% vs. 27.72%) and the all-cause mortality (20.00% vs. 9.90%) in group D were higher than those appeared in group N (27.72%).@*Conclusions@#Patients suffered from the combination of both diabetes and acute myocardial infarction appeared older in age, more in females, with more complications and the coronary artery lesions were more severe and wider. During hospitalization, no significant difference was seen regarding the short-term outcomes between the two groups but the results from long-term follow-up process showing that the risk of MACE events was significantly higher in patients with type2 diabetes.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805373

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the clinical efficacy of Dermatix Ultra silica gel and asiaticoside cream for the treatment or repair of scar hyperplasia which was external used in internal corner incision of patients after the internal canthus correction operation.@*Methods@#A total of 90 patients were randomly chosen and divided into three groups. All patients with epicanthus were treated with the same internal canthus correction method by one doctor. There were 30 patients in each group: 30 cases in the control group were treated without any medication, and the postoperative incision healed naturally; 30 cases were treated with Dermatix Ultra silica gel; 30 cases were treated with asiaticoside cream. Patient and observer scar assessment scale (POSAS) was used as the end points to evaluate the clinical efficacy of Dermatix Ultra silica gel and asiaticoside cream 4 weeks and 12 weeks after the operation. The satisfactory degree from all the patients were collected after 6 months follow-up and we compared the scores of three groups.@*Results@#Compared with the control group, the POSAS scores in Dermatix Ultra silica gel group and asiaticoside cream group were low (P<0.05) at 4 weeks and 12 weeks after operation. At 4 weeks after operation, the POSAS score in Dermatix Ultra silica gel group was lower than that in the asiaticoside cream group (P<0.05). At 12 weeks after operation, there was no significant difference in POSAS score between Dermatix Ultra silica gel group and asiaticoside cream group (P>0.05). Follow-up for 6 months, the satisfaction degree of patients in Dermatix Ultra silica gel group and asiaticoside cream group was higher than in the control group (P<0.05); the satisfactory degree of patients in Dermatix Ultra silica gel group was higher than that in asiaticoside cream group (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Dermatix Ultra silica gel and asiaticoside cream have good clinical effects in repair of scar tissue after the epicanthoplasty. Dermatix Ultra silica gel is better than asiaticoside cream in scar early improvement.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2237-2241, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802933

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) involves inflammation of the nasal and para-nasal mucosa. Due to its heterogeneous nature, unknown pathogenesis, and high recurrence rate, effective treatment is difficult. Nasal cytology is presently not a part of the routine diagnosis or treatment decision for CRS.@*Data sources@#A literature search was performed for published papers in English between January 1990 and June 2019 using MEDLINE.@*Study selection@#Terms used were chronic rhinosinusitis, eosinophils, etiology, immunopathology, inflammation, mast cells, nasal cytology, polyps, and treatment. Both reviews and original articles were collected and studied.@*Results@#There is no standard nasal fluid, mucus sampling, or staining techniques for identifying inflammatory cell types. Results were divergent from different countries. Moreover, the main focus of these papers on the cells in nasal washings was eosinophils, with infrequent mentioning of other cell types that may imply different etiology and pathology. The heterogeneous cell profile of CRS and the role of mast cells have been unappreciated due to the lack of specific immunohistochemical technique or study of its unique mediators.@*Conclusions@#Nasal cytology could help distinguish the type and the activation state of inflammatory cells. Thus it can help in providing a clearer picture of CRS pathogenesis, identifying different patient groups, and developing effective treatments.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801908

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a HPLC method for determination of chlorogenic acid,rutin,polydatin,kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside,astragalin,resveratrol,quercetin,kaempferol in Tetrastigmatis Hemsleyani Radix,in order to study the content changes of eight components of different months. Method:Zorbax SB C18column (4.6 mm×250 mm,5 μm)was adopted with mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile(A)and 0.1%phosphoric acid(B)in gradient elution(0-30 min,10%-30%A;30-40 min,30%-95%A;40-45 min,95%A;45-60 min,95%-10%A). The flow rate was 0.8 mL·min-1,the column was kept at 25℃,and the detection wavelength was 320 nm. Result:Chlorogenic acid,rutin,polydatin,kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside,astragalin,resveratrol,quercetin,kaempferol showed a good linearity within the range of 13.7-549 mg·L-1(r=0.999 0),12.6-253 mg·L-1(r=0.999 1),15.8-316 mg·L-1(r=0.999 0),14.7-147 mg·L-1(r=0.999 2),8.8-88 mg·L-1(r=0.999 1),7.9-79 mg·L-1(r=0.999 5),8.6-172 mg·L-1(r=0.999 1),8.9-89 mg·L-1(r=0.999 4). There were great differences in contents of the eight flavonoid active components in different growth phases. In July and August,the relative contents of chlorogenic acid,rutin,kaempferol 3-O-rutinoside and polydatin were the highest. The highest relative content of quercetin was observed in June. The relative contents of resveratrol and kaempferol in April and May was higher than those in other mouths. The relative content of astragalin in November was the highest. Conclusion:It could provide abundant information for the production and quality control of Tetrastigmatis Hemsleyani Radix.

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