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1.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1485-1492, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990362

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mediating role of interdisciplinary cooperation ability between the level of hospice care practice and difficulty degree of hospice care for medical staff, in order to improve the quality of hospice care services for medical staff, and to provide evidence for relevant managers to formulate effective measures to reduce the implementation of hospice care difficulties.Methods:This study was a cross-sectional survey. Using convenience sampling method, the general data questionnaire, Palliative Care Difficulties Scale (PCDS), Palliative Care Self-Report Practice Scale (PCPS) and Modified Index of Interdisciplinary Collaboration (MIIC) were used to investigate 362 medical staff in all hospice care institutions of Shiyan City from July to August 2022.Results:The total score of PCDS in 362 medical staff was (40.58±13.44) points, (67.47 ± 12.50) points for PCPS and (108.36 ± 21.46) points for MIIC. There was a positive correlation between the total score of MIIC and PCDS ( r=0.500, P<0.01). The total score of PCPS was negatively correlated with the total score of MIIC ( r=-0.337, P<0.01) and the total score of PCDS ( r=-0.189, P<0.01). The interdisciplinary cooperation ability of medical staff in hospice care had a complete mediating effect between the level of practice and the degree of difficulty (Effect value=-0.190, 95% CI-0.274 to -0.126), and the mediating effect accounted for 98.5% of the total effect value. Conclusions:The practice level of hospice care can not directly affect the implementation of the difficulty degree, but by taking active measures to improve the interdisciplinary cooperation ability, so as to enhance the practice level, and then reduce the implementation of hospice care difficulty degree.

2.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 631-636, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990230

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clarify the operational definition of ICU cognitive impairment, so as to provide a reference for accurate assessment of ICU cognitive impairment.Methods:ICU cognitive impairment was conceptually analyzed by the conceptual analysis framework in the Construction Strategy of Nursing Theory (Fifth Edition). The studies about cognitive function of critical illness patients in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, China National Knowledge Internet, Wanfang, Chinese Biomedical Database, and VIP were searched. The search time limit was from the establishment of the database to August 2021. Literature screening and data extraction were performed independently by two researchers.Results:A total of 5 754 articles were obtained, and 48 articles were finally included. Obtained 20 concepts and 9 commonly used assessment tools related to ICU cognitive impairment. Identifying the defining attributes, conceptual causes, and outcomes of ICU cognitive impairment.Conclusions:The operational definition of ICU cognitive impairment is determined, which is conducive to a comprehensive and intuitive understanding of the concept of cognitive impairment in ICU and accurate evaluation of cognitive impairment in ICU.

3.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 137-142, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970990

ABSTRACT

Selective dorsal neurotomy (SDN) is a surgical treatment for primary premature ejaculation (PE), but there is still no standard surgical procedure for selecting the branches of the dorsal penile nerves to be removed. We performed this study to explore the value of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) of the penile sensory-evoked potential (PSEP) for standard surgical procedures in SDN. One hundred and twenty primary PE patients undergoing SDN were selected as the PE group and 120 non-PE patients were selected as the normal group. The PSEP was monitored and compared between the two groups under both natural and general anesthesia (GA) states. In addition, patients in the PE group were randomly divided into the IONM group and the non-IONM group. During SDN surgery, PSEP parameters of the IONM group were recorded and analyzed. The differences in PE-related outcome measurements between the perioperative period and 3 months' postoperation were compared for the PE patients, and the differences in effectiveness and complications between the IONM group and the non-IONM group were compared. The results showed that the average latency of the PSEP in the PE group was shorter than that in the normal group under both natural and GA states (P < 0.001). Three months after surgery, the significant effective rates in the IONM and non-IONM groups were 63.6% and 34.0%, respectively (P < 0.01), and the difference in complications between the two groups was significant (P < 0.05). IONM might be useful in improving the short-term therapeutic effectiveness and reducing the complications of SDN.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Premature Ejaculation/surgery , Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring/methods , Prospective Studies , Neurosurgical Procedures/methods , Penis/surgery , Retrospective Studies
4.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 231-240, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970312

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the association between serum uric acid (SUA) and kidney function decline.@*METHODS@#Data was obtained from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study on the Chinese middle-aged and older population for analysis. The kidney function decline was defined as an annual estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decrease by > 3 mL/min per 1.73 m 2. Multivariable logistic regression was applied to determine the association between SUA and kidney function decline. The shape of the association was investigated by restricted cubic splines.@*RESULTS@#A total of 7,346 participants were included, of which 1,004 individuals (13.67%) developed kidney function decline during the follow-up of 4 years. A significant dose-response relation was recorded between SUA and the kidney function decline ( OR 1.14, 95% CI 1.03-1.27), as the risk of kidney function decline increased by 14% per 1 mg/dL increase in SUA. In the subgroup analyses, such a relation was only recorded among women ( OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.03-1.45), those aged < 60 years ( OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.05-1.42), and those without hypertension and without diabetes ( OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.06-1.41). Although the dose-response relation was not observed in men, the high level of SUA was related to kidney function decline ( OR 1.83, 95% CI 1.05-3.17). The restricted cubic spline analysis indicated that SUA > 5 mg/dL was associated with a significantly higher risk of kidney function decline.@*CONCLUSION@#The SUA level was associated with kidney function decline. An elevation of SUA should therefore be addressed to prevent possible kidney impairment and dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China/epidemiology , East Asian People , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Kidney/physiopathology , Longitudinal Studies , Risk Factors , Uric Acid/blood
5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 490-494, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984649

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitors (BTKi) ibrutinib or zanubrutinib monotherapy in newly diagnosed patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) . Methods: The efficacy and adverse effects of 58 patients with newly diagnosed WM receiving BTKi monotherapy in Ruijin Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine were analyzed retrospectively from January 2018 to August 2022. Results: The response of 55 patients may be examined. Forty patients received ibrutinib monotherapy for a median of 15 months, with an overall response rate (ORR) of 85%, a main remission rate (MRR) of 70%, and a very good partial remission (VGPR) rate of 10%. Fifteen patients received zanubrutinib monotherapy for a median of 13 months, with an ORR of 93%, an MRR of 73%, and a VGPR rate of 0%. For various reasons, 10 patients were converted from ibrutinib to zanubrutinib. Ibrutinib treatment lasted an average of 7.5 months before conversion. The median duration of zanubrutinib therapy after conversion was 3.5 months. The ORRs before and after conversion were 90% and 100%, MRRs were 80% and 80%, and VGPR rates were 10% and 50%, respectively. After a median of 16 months, the 24-month progression-free survival (PFS) rate of patients who received both BTKi was 86%. PFS did not differ statistically across individuals with low, medium, and high-risk ISS scores (P=0.998). All of the patients survived. The most common side effects of BTKi were neutropenia and thrombocytopenia, which occurred in 12% and 10% of all patients, respectively. Ibrutinib accounts for 5% of atrial fibrillation, and zanubrutinib has a 7% risk of bleeding. Conclusions: In treating WM, ibrutinib or zanubrutinib provides good efficacy and tolerable adverse effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tyrosine Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia/drug therapy
6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 194-197, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934656

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of diabetes on the occurrence of early adverse reactions of intensity-modulated radiotherapy in patients after radical mastectomy for breast cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 102 breast cancer patients who underwent intensity-modulated radiotherapy after radical mastectomy for breast cancer in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Group Suqian Hospital from October 2014 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 32 cases in the diabetes group and 70 cases in the non-diabetes group. The incidence of early adverse reactions of intensity-modulated radiotherapy in the two groups was compared, the effects of blood glucose before radiotherapy on the early adverse reactions of intensity-modulated radiotherapy and the lymphocyte count before and after intensity-modulated radiotherapy were analyzed.Results:There were 9 cases (28.1%) and 1 case (3.1%) of grade 1 and 2 acute radiation pneumonitis in the diabetes group, and 6 cases (8.6%) and 1 case (1.4%) in the non-diabetes group, respectively, and there was a statistical difference between the two groups ( χ2 = 7.22, P = 0.027). Grade 1-3 acute radiation dermatitis occurred in 16 cases (50.0%), 13 cases (43.8%) and 3 cases (6.2%) in the diabetes group, and 53 cases (75.7%), 15 cases (21.4%) and 2 cases (2.9%) in the non-diabetes group, respectively, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2 = 6.99, P = 0.030). According to the level of fructosamine before radiotherapy, the patients with diabetes were divided into normal blood glucose control group (fructosamine ≤2.5 mmol/L) and poor blood glucose control group (fructosamine >2.5 mmol/L), and there was statistical difference in the morbidity of acute radiation dermatitis between the two groups ( P = 0.039). Before radiotherapy, there was no significant difference in lymphocyte count between the normal and poor blood glucose control groups ( P > 0.05). After radiotherapy, the lymphocyte count in both groups was significantly lower than that before radiotherapy, and the decrease was more obvious in the poor blood glucose control group, the difference was statistically significant ( P = 0.021). Conclusions:The postoperative patients with breast cancer complicated with diabetes have a high incidence of acute radiation pneumonia and acute radiation dermatitis. Patients with poor blood glucose control are more likely to have acute radiation dermatitis.

7.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 106-110, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930049

ABSTRACT

Tumor immunogenic cell death is a type of regulatory cell death, which is driven by stress including chemotherapy drugs, radiotherapy, oncolytic virus, nano carrier drugs and photodynamic force. It can induce specific immune response to tumor death cell antigen. The further study can provide theoretical basis and new ideas for anti-tumor immunity and clinical immunotherapy of tumor.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 435-440, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958278

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of a new type of plastic biliary stent modified based on the pigtail nasobiliary duct and the common plastic biliary stent for hilar cholangiocarcinoma.Methods:Data of a total of 38 patients with obstructive jaundice caused by hilar cholangiocarcinoma who received endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) palliative treatment at the Endoscopy Center, General Hospital of Northern Theater Command from June 2018 to December 2020 were collected, including 20 cases using the new type of plastic biliary stent (the new stent group), and 18 cases using the common plastic stent (the common stent group). Patients were followed up to May 30, 2021. The procedure time, hospital stay, postoperative biliary infection incidence, the bilirubin decrease, and the patency time of the stents in the two groups were compared.Results:The procedure time was 19.85±1.07 minutes in the new stent group and 22.00±3.38 minutes in the common stent group, respectively, showing no significant difference between them ( t=1.26, P=0.607). The lengths of hospital stay of the two groups were 11.45±2.39 days and 11.33±3.51 days, respectively, showing no significant difference between them ( t=-0.52, P=0.938). The median margins of total bilirubin reduction in the two groups were 122.85 μmol/L and 96.25 μmol/L, respectively, with significant difference ( Z=-2.03, P=0.042). The incidence of long-term cholangitis of the new stent group was significantly lower than that of the common stent group [10.0% (2/20) VS 44.4% (8/18), P=0.027]. The patency time of the new stent group was significantly longer than that of the common stent group (109.45±32.67 days VS 82.11±20.95 days) with significant difference ( t=2.23, P=0.032). Conclusion:In the palliative treatment of hilar bile duct obstruction, the new plastic bile duct stent modified based on pigtail type can reduce the incidence of long-term cholangitis and prolong the patency of bile duct stent compared with the common stent group.

9.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 875-879, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986599

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the cancer with the highest mortality in China. Early detection and early diagnosis are the key factors affecting the therapeutic effect of lung cancer treatment. However, accurate and safe early diagnosis methods for lung cancer are still lacking, greatly affecting the survival of lung cancer patients. Lung cancer, as a highly malignant tumor, has attracted the attention of scientists to study its diagnostic biomarkers. These diagnostic biomarkers are diverse, but their value in the early diagnosis of lung cancer remains to be further explored. In this paper, the biomarkers related to the early diagnosis of lung cancer are sorted out, and the latest progress, potential value, advantages, and limitations of these biomarkers in lung cancer diagnosis are reviewed.

10.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1262-1264, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954720

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of a case with late-onset isolated sulfite oxidase deficiency(ISOD)admitted in the Department of Neurology, Children′s Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine in July 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.Fifteen previously published cases of late-onset ISOD were also reviewed.The patient was a girl, who was hospitalized because of " motor regression with mental retardation for 5 days" at 1 year old.The manifestations of the patient were extrapyramidal symptoms, regression of motor development and seizures.The level of urinary sulfites in the patient was increased.Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features were bilateral pallidus and substantia nigra.Gene sequencing suggested a pure missense mutation of the sulfite oxidase( SUOX) gene c. 650(exon5)G>A(p.Arg217Gln). In 16 cases of late-onset ISOD, the median age at onset and diagnosis was 10.5 months and 34.0 months, respectively.The common clinical manifestations were hypotonia (13 cases), seizures (10 cases), movement disorders (9 cases), and ectopia lentis (6 cases). The most common brain MRI feature was pallidus changes (11 cases), followed by lesions of substantia nigra (5 cases), and cerebral atrophy (4 cases). Fourteen cases of late-onset ISOD showed a positive urinary sulfite test.The missense mutation of the SUOX gene was found in 9 cases.It suggested that brain MRI involvement of bilateral pallidus, high excretion of urine sulfites and the missense mutation of the SUOX gene were important diagnostic clues for late-onset ISOD.

11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1116-1120, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956112

ABSTRACT

Post-intensive care syndrome (PICS) is the most common complication in patients discharged from intensive care unit (ICU), which seriously affects the life quality of the patients. At present, there is still lack of standardevaluation methods for PICS. Continuous and dynamic assessment can earlyidentify PICS, moreover, early identification and intervention of PICS can improve the life quality of patients those patients, which is critical to improve the long-term outcome of the patients. In this paper, we reviewed the current research states of evaluation timing, contents, tools and modalities of PICS domestic and abroad, analyzed the problems and prospects of the existing evaluation methods, aiming to provide a reference for clinical staff to effectively and comprehensively evaluate PICS.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1449-1459, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879050

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents from aerial parts of Glycyrrhiza uralensis were analyzed and identified using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with hybrid quadrupole-orbitrap mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap-MS). The chromatographic column of Waters Acquity UPLC BEH-C_(18)(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) was adopted, with acetonitrile-water(0.5% formic acid) as mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.2 mL·min~(-1). Data was collected in positive and negative modes of electrospray ionization(ESI). A total of 55 compounds, including 42 flavonoids, 9 stilbenes, 2 coumarins, 1 lignin and 1 phenolic acid, which were characterized in the aerial parts of G. uralensis based on accurate molecular mass information of molecular and product ions provided by UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap-MS based on comparison with standard substances and references. It is an effective and accurate method to provide chemical information of constituents in aerial parts of G. uralensis, and can provide a reference for further study on pharmacodynamic material basis and resources development and utilization.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhiza uralensis , Mass Spectrometry , Plant Components, Aerial
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 670-677, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878893

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the potential mechanism of curcumin in mediating interleukin-6(IL-6)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(STAT3) signaling pathway to repair intestinal mucosal injury induced by 5-fluorouracil(5-FU) chemotherapy for colon cancer. SD rats were intraperitoneally injected with 60 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1) 5-FU for 4 days to establish a model of intestinal mucosal injury. Then the rats were randomly divided into model group(equal volume of normal saline), curcumin low, medium and high dose groups(50, 100, 200 mg·kg~(-1)), and normal SD rats were used as control group(equal volume of normal saline). Each group received gavage administration for 4 consecutive days, and the changes of body weight and feces were recorded every day. After administration, blood was collected from the heart, and jejunum tissues were collected. The levels of serum interleukin-1β(IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) were detected by ELISA, and at the same time, the concentration of Evans blue(EB) in jejunum was measured. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the pathological state of jejunum, and the length of jejunum villi and the depth of crypt were measured. The positive expression levels of claudin, occludin and ZO-1 were detected by immunohistochemistry. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of IL-6, p-STAT3, E-cadherin, vimentin and N-cadherin in jejunum tissues. The results showed that, curcumin significantly increased body weight and fecal weight(P<0.05 or P<0.01), decreased fecal score, EB concentration, IL-1β and TNF-α levels(P<0.05 or P<0.01) in rats. In addition, curcumin maintained the integrity of mucosal surface and villi structure of jejunum to a large extent, and reduced pathological changes in a dose-dependent manner. Meanwhile, curcumin could increase the positive expression of occludin, claudin and ZO-1(P<0.05 or P<0.01), repair intestinal barrier function, downregulate the protein expression of IL-6, p-STAT3, vimentin and N-cadherin in jejunum tissues(P<0.05 or P<0.01), and upregulate the protein expression of E-cadherin(P<0.05). Therefore, curcumin could repair the intestinal mucosal injury induced by 5-FU chemotherapy for colon cancer, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of IL-6/STAT3 signal and the inhibition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT) process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Curcumin , Fluorouracil/toxicity , Interleukin-6/genetics , Intestinal Mucosa/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Signal Transduction
14.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 370-374, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912761

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the psychological stress and related factors of community medical staff in Shanghai during infectious public health emergencies.Methods:Random cluster sampling, questionnaires combining general demographic information, self-rating anxiety scale(SAS), self-rating depression scale(SDS)and yale-brown obsessive compulsive scale(YB)were administrated to investigate the psychological stress of medical staff from 20 community healthcare centers in 10 Shanghai districts.Results:A total of 696 valid questionnaires were collected. 17.36% of the staff had SAS scores exceeding the boundary value. Nurses, staff with per capita monthly family income<5 000 yuan, or with below-average family relations presented higher SAS scores. 28.19% of the staff had SDS scores exceeding the boundary value. Staff with 5-10 years seniority, nurses, with per capita monthly family income<5 000 yuan, and with poor family relations presented higher SDS scores. 6.68% of the staff had YB score≥16. Nurses presented a higher YB score.Conclusions:Some community healthcare center staff experienced psychological stress during public health emergencies.Factors associated with psychological stress, such as 5-10 years′ seniority, nurses, per capita monthly family income<5 000 yuan, below-average or poor family relations, deserve more attention in order to prevent from or alleviate harmful psychological stress.

15.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 663-668, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911697

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of aspirin plus low molecule heparin for pancreatic thrombosis during simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (SPK).Methods:A total of 129 patients aged 18 years or higher underwent SPK between September 2016 and March 2020.They were divided retrospectively into two groups of aspirin ( n=60) and heparin ( n=69) according to different anticoagulant regimens.The aspirin group received only aspirin 100 mg/d at Day 1 post-operation.The heparin group received subcutaneous injection of enoxaparin 2 000 AxaIU daily for 7 days and followed by aspirin and clopidogrel.Outcomes and complication rates were compared between two groups. Results:All operations were successful without any mortality.In aspirin group, there were 5 cases of pancreatic thrombosis and one patient underwent pancreatectomy.There was no pancreatic thrombosis in heparin group ( P=0.014). There were 8 cases of intestinal anastomotic bleeding in aspirin group and 19 cases in heparin group.Statistically significant inter-group difference existed ( P=0.048). However, no significant inter-group difference existed in delayed recovery or rejection. Conclusions:Heparin anticoagulation can significantly lower the incidence of pancreatic thrombosis after SPK.Despite a higher incidence of intestinal anastomotic bleeding, no serious complication occurs after conservative meaures.

16.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 799-804, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908436

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnosis and treatment of emergency inguinal hernia.Methods:The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted. The clinical data of 236 patients with emergency inguinal hernia who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2015 to May 2020 were collected. There were 194 males and 42 females, aged (69±30)years. Hospitalized patients received routine blood biochemistry test and imaging examinations for evaluation of characteristics of hernia contents and intestinal obstruction. Manual reduction and surgical treatment were selected according to the conditions of patients. Observation indicators: (1) treatment; (2) follow-up. Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect hernia recurrence and late-onset mesh infection up to August 2020. Measurement data were described as M (range) or M ( P25, P75), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Wilcoxon rank sum test. Count data were represented as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was done using the chi-square test. Results:(1) Treatment: of the 236 patients, 106 cases had successful manual reduction, 124 cases underwent emergency operation, 6 cases refused surgery. ① For 106 cases with successful manual reduction (including 4 cases guided by B-ultrasonography), the manual reduction time was 5 minutes (2 minutes,7 minutes). Ninety-three of 106 patients underwent selective operation after manual reduction, including 89 cases with indirect hernia, 2 cases with direct hernia and 2 cases with compound hernia. The time to selective operation was 3 days(2 days,5 days) after manual reduction. Patients underwent mesh repair, of which the operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, time to postoperative first flatus, duration of postoperative hospital stay were 44 minutes (29 minutes, 66 minutes),10 mL(5 mL,20 mL), 1 day(1 day,2 days), 1 day(1 day,2 days), respectively. Eleven patients didn't undergo selective operation. Two patients with abdominal pain and fever after manual reduction were diagnosed with perforation of intestine by emergency surgical exploration, and then underwent partial intestinal resection combined with high ligation of hernial sac. ② There were 93 of 124 patients undergoing emergency operation with indirect hernia, 18 cases with femoral hernia, 6 cases with obturator hernia, 6 cases with compound hernia and 1 case with direct hernia. There were 54 of 124 patients undergoing open operation, including 21 cases with Bassini surgery, 18 cases with Lichtenstein surgery, 9 cases with Mc Vay surgery, 6 cases with high ligation of hernia sac. There were 70 patients undergoing laparoscopic operation, including 57 cases with laparoscopic transperitoneal preperitoneal hernia repair (TAPP), 10 cases with laparoscopic explora-tion + tissue repair and 3 cases with laparoscopic exploration + closure of inner inguinal ring. The operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, time to postoperative first flatus, cases with short-term postoperative complications were 60 minutes (50 minutes,76 minutes), 20 mL(14 mL,30 mL), 2 days(1 day,2 days), 15 cases for patients undergoing open surgery, respectively. The above indicators were 56 minutes (47 minutes,77 minutes), 20 mL(10 mL,25 mL), 2 days(1 day,2 days), 21 cases for patients under-going laparoscopic surgery. There was no significant difference in the above indicators between the two groups ( Z=?0.88, ?1.37, ?1.56, χ2=0.07, P>0.05). Cases with intraoperative placement of mesh and duration of hospital stay were 18 cases and 5 days(3 days,8 days) for patients undergoing open surgery, versus 57 cases and 3 days(2 days,5 days) for patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery, showing significant differences between the two groups ( χ2=29.50, Z=?4.32, P<0.05). (2) Follow-up: of 236 patients, 192 were followed up for 2?60 months, with a median follow-up time of 19 months. Seven patients had recurrence of hernia after emergency operation, including 3 with high ligation of the hernia sac, 2 with Bassini surgery, 1 with Lichtenstein surgery, and 1 with laparoscopic exploration + closure of inner inguinal ring. One patient with late-onset mesh infection after Lichtenstein surgery was improved after mesh removal. No long-term complications such as hernia recurrence or late-onset mesh infection occurred to the 184 patients. Conclusions:Emergency inguinal hernia had different state of illness, manual reduction is suitable for partial patients with incarceration. Surgery is the first choice, and the surgical procedure needs to be individually selected.

17.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 243-249, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884160

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the electrocardiographic characteristics of left and right ventricles origin of premature ventricular contractions(PVCs) during V3 transition of precordial leads, right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) anterior septum and right coronary sinus (RCC), and RVOT middle-posterior septum and left coronary sinus (LCC).Methods:From January 2017 to September 2019, 91 patients with ventricular extrasystole of outflow tract who had V3 transition in precordial lead and had successful radiofrequency ablation in RVOT anterior septum, middle posterior septum, LCC and RCC were selected for retrospective case control study.The electrocardiography measurements of PVCs were compared between the anteroseptal RVOT group and RCC group, as well as the middle-posterior septal RVOT group and the LCC group, respectively.The measurements included the R-wave amplitude in lead Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and aVF, R amplitude ratio in leads Ⅲ to Ⅱ, Q-wave amplitude in lead aVL and aVR, Q amplitude ratio in leads aVL to aVR, R-wave and S-wave amplitude from leads V1 to V3, the V2S/V3R index, the transition zone index, and the V2 transition ratio.Results:Thirty-six cases originated from the anteroseptal RVOT, and 11 from the LCC.Lead I R-wave amplitude in anterior septal RVOT was higher than LCC group((0.22±0.25) mV vs.(-0.17±0.33) mV; P=0.003). R-wave amplitude in lead Ⅱ was lower than that in the LCC group((1.59±0.35) mV vs.(1.76±0.27) mV; P=0.035). R-wave amplitude in lead aVF was lower compared with the LCC group((1.53±0.35) mV vs.(1.78±0.39) mV; P=0.050). The V2S/V3R index showed a significant difference between these two groups(1.99±0.66 vs.0.76±0.38; P<0.001). The V2 transition ratio also appeared a significant difference between the two groups(0.69±0.43 vs.1.05±0.35; P=0.005). PVCs arose from the middle-posterior septal RVOT in 32 cases, and from the RCC in 12 cases.Compared with RCC group, lead Ⅰ R-wave amplitude showed lower ((0.25±0.31) mV vs.(0.57±0.12) mV; P<0.001); R amplitude ratio in leads Ⅲ to Ⅱ higher (0.89±0.14 vs.0.72±0.18; P=0.002); Q amplitude in lead aVL((0.72±0.24) mV vs.(0.51±0.16) mV; P=0.002)higher, and Q amplitude ratio in leads aVL to aVR higher in the middle-posterior septal RVOT(0.76±0.23 vs.0.50±0.21; P=0.002). Conclusion:Among the cases with lead V3 transition, PVCs originated from the anteroseptal RVOT show significantly different R wave in lead Ⅰ, Ⅱ, aVF, V2S/V3R index, and the V2 transition ratio compared with those from the LCC.The PVCs from the middle-posterior septal RVOT and the RCC have different R wave in lead Ⅰ, R amplitude ratio in leads Ⅱ and Ⅲ, Q amplitude ratio in leads aVL and aVR.Combined with its different characteristics, it can help to identify the origin of left and right ventricles.

18.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 52-55, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882710

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the causes, diagnosis and treatment of postoperative pulmonary changes in patients with thyroid cancer.Methods:Data of 378 patients with thyroid cancer surgery admitted from Oct. 1, 2019 to Jan. 31, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. SPSS 23.0 statistical software was adopted to analyze the effect of gender, age, smoking history, BMI, operation way and the surgical approach on postoperative changes in the lungs. The two groups of counting data were compared using χ2 method. Results:Age, gender, smoking history and surgical approach had no significant influence on postoperative pulmonary change ( P>0.05) . Lung changes in patients receiving thyroid cancer plus lateral neck dissection were greater than those receiving radical thyroid cancer alone ( P=0.001) , and lung changes in patients receiving bilateral neck dissection were greater than those receiving unilateral neck dissection ( P=0.027) . The pulmonary changes in patients with underweight and obesity were greater than those in patients with normal weight and hyperreorganization ( P=0.019) . Conclusions:Lateral neck dissection and patients’ body mass index are important factors affecting the postoperative lung changes in thyroid cancer patients. Thyroid cancer patients undergoing lateral neck dissection should actively check their lung changes through chest radiographs after surgery, especially for lean and obese patients, and patients undergoing bilateral neck dissection.

19.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 839-843, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828657

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the characteristics of pulmonary function in children with pertussis-like coughing caused by different pathogen infections.@*METHODS@#The data on etiology and tidal breathing pulmonary function were collected from 95 hospitalized infants and young children with pertussis-like coughing. The tidal breathing pulmonary function was compared between these children and 67 healthy children. According to the type of pathogen, the children with pertussis-like coughing were classified to 6 groups: pertussis (n=17), viral infection (n=23), tuberculosis infection (n=6), Mycoplasma infection (n=9), other bacterial infection (n=8), and unknown pathogen (n=32).@*RESULTS@#Among the 95 children with pertussis-like coughing, 15 (16%) had mild obstructive ventilatory dysfunction, 30 (32%) had moderate obstructive ventilatory dysfunction, and 22 (23%) had severe obstructive ventilatory dysfunction. Compared with the normal control group, the children with pertussis-like coughing had significant reductions in inspiratory-to-expiratory time ratio, ratio of time to peak tidal expiratory flow to total expiratory time (tPF%tE), and ratio of volume to peak tidal expiratory flow to total expiratory volume (vPF%vE) (P<0.05). The tuberculosis infection and Mycoplasma infection groups had a significantly lower tidal volume than the normal control group (P<0.05). All pathogen infection groups except the tuberculosis infection group had significantly lower tPF%tE and vPF%vE than the normal control group (P<0.05). The pertussis group had significantly lower tPF%tE and vPF%vE than the other infection groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Most of children with pertussis-like coughing have abnormal pulmonary functions. The children with Bordetella pertussis infection have the most severe pulmonary function impairment. Tidal breathing pulmonary function test may provide a reference for pathogen analysis of children with pertussis-like coughing.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Lung , Respiration , Respiratory Function Tests , Tidal Volume , Whooping Cough
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1210-1214, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827138

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical efficacy and safety of rituximab therapy for patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and to explore the factors influencing the clinical efficacy.@*METHODS@#According to therapeutic regimen, 66 patients with EBV-positive DLBCL were divided into two groups: CHOP group (32 cases) and R-CHOP group (CHOP+ rituximab, 34 cases). The clinical efficacy and the incidence of complication were compared between two groups. The clinical risk factors for the clinical efficacy in patients with EBV-positive DLBCL were confirmed by multivariate Logistic analysis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with CHOP group, the complete remission rate, partial remission rate and the overall effective rate in R-CHOP group all were high (P<0.05), moreover the disease progression rate in R-CHOP group were low (P<0.05). The occurrences rate of myelotoxicity, hepatic injury and gastrointestinal reaction were not statistically significantly different between two groups (P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic analysis showed that the Ann Arbor staging, IPI risk score and Ki-67 positive rate were independent risk factors for the clinical efficacy in patients with EBV-positive DLBCL (OR=2.689, P=0.038; OR=3.232, P=0.025; OR=2.919, P=0.023).@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical efficacy and safety of the therapy with rituximab on the patients with EBV-positive DLBCL are better. The poor Ann Arbor stage, high IPI risk score and the Ki-67 positive rate are factors affecting the clinical efficacy for the patients with EBV-positive DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide , Therapeutic Uses , Doxorubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Drug Therapy , Prednisone , Therapeutic Uses , Rituximab , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome , Vincristine , Therapeutic Uses
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