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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878423

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to explore the changes in the expression of the characteristic transcription factor retinoid related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) and the cytokine interleukin-17 (IL-17) of T helper cell 17 (Th17) in the pressure side of the periodontal tissue of rats under different orthodontic forces. Their effects on the expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and the quantity of osteoclast (OC) were also explored. The role of Th17 cell in alveolar bone remodeling under different forces was preliminarily investigated.@*METHODS@#A total of 108 rats were chosen and randomly divided into three groups. Mesial forces of 0, 50, and 100 g were loaded on the maxillary first molar in the three groups. The rats were executed at 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, and 14 days. The expression of RORγt mRNA was quantified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The expression of IL-17 protein was quantified by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The expression levels of RORγt and OPG proteins were quantified, and the quantity of OC was counted via immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of RORγt and IL-17 and the quantity of OC increased first and then decreased in the 50 and 100 g groups, and the peak values of the two groups were on days 5 and 7, respectively. The expression levels in the 50 g group basically recovered to normal level on day 14, while that in the 100 g group remained at a high level. The expression levels in the 50 g group were higher than those in the 0 g group and lower than those in the 100 g group. The expression of OPG in the 50 g group decreased first, then increased, and finally decreased. It basically recovered to normal level on day 14. The expression of OPG in the 100 g group decreased first and then increased. It remained at a high level on day 14. The expression in the 50 g group was significantly higher than that in the 0 g group on day 7, while the expression in the 100 g group was significantly higher than that in the 0 g group on day 14.@*CONCLUSIONS@#RORγt, IL-17, and OPG were expressed regularly over time under different orthodontic forces, indicating that Th17 participated in the process of bone resorption on the pressure side of periodontal tissue by secreting IL-17.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Resorption , Cytokines , Interleukin-17 , Molar , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 3 , Osteoclasts , Osteoprotegerin , Rats , Th17 Cells , Tooth Movement Techniques
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879068

ABSTRACT

Identification of critical quality attribute(CQA) is crucial in quality control of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills(TRNHQXP). In this study, 661 active components in TRNHQXP were selected by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS) and network pharmacology based on reported data and TCMSP, BATMAN-TCM, and TCMID databases, as well as mass spectrometry data, and 1 413 targets of the active components were obtained through SwissTargetPrediction. The 152 potential targets obtained from the intersection of predicted targets with 456 stroke targets underwent functional enrichment analysis by Metascape. The 27 Chinese medicinals in TRNHQXP were divided into four sets according to efficacies. Thirty-seven key targets in the blood-activating and stasis-resolving set and 41 in the tonifying set were screened out. On the basis of these potential key targets, 137 potential key CQA of TRNHQXP for stroke were reversely predicted. This study revealed the possible mechanism of TRNHQXP in treating stroke and established a modular identification method for the potential CQA of big brand traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) based on efficacies and chemical properties. Consequently, the CQA of TRNHQXP were identified by this method, which has provided a reference for the following experimental studies of CQA.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879067

ABSTRACT

Texture sensory attributes are the key items in quality control of Chinese medicinal honeyed pills. The purpose of this study is to develop a quality control method for assessing the texture sensory attributes of Chinese medicinal honeyed pills based on real-world Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin pilular masses and finished products. First, parameters of texture profile analysis(TPA) were optimized through single factor and central composite design(CCD) experiments to establish a detection method for texture sensory attri-butes of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills. The results showed that the established detection method was stable and reliable, with the optimal parameters set up as follows: deformation percentage of 70%, detection speed at 30 mm·min~(-1), and interval time of 15 s. Furthermore, 540 data points yielded form six texture sensory attributes of pills from 30 batches were subjected to multivariate statistical process control(MSPC) with Hotelling T~2 and squared prediction error(SPE) control charts to establish the quality control method of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills. This study is expected to provide a reference for improving the quality control system of Chinese medicinal honeyed pills.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879066

ABSTRACT

For the field detection problems of critical quality attribute(CQA) of moisture content in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) manufacturing process, big brand TCM Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills were used as the carrier, to establish a moisture content NIR field detection model with or without cellophane in real world production with use of near infrared(NIR) spectroscopy combined with stoichiometry. With the moisture content determined by drying method as reference value, the partial least square method(PLS) was used to analyze the correlation between the spectrum and the moisture reference value. Then the spectral pretreatment methods were screened and optimized to further improve the accuracy and stability of the model. The results showed that the best quantitative model was developed by the spectral data pretreatment of standard normal variate(SNV) with the latent variable factor number of 2 and 7 of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills with or without cellophane samples. The prediction coefficient of determination(R_(pre)~2) and standard deviation of prediction(RMSEP) of the model with cellophane samples were 0.765 7 and 0.157 2%; R_(pre)~2 and RMSEP of the model without cellophane samples were 0.772 2 and 0.207 8%. The NIR quantitative models of moisture content of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills with and without cellophane both showed good predictive performance to realize the rapid, accurate and non-destructive quantitative analysis of moisture content in such pills, and provide a method for the field quality control of the critical chemical attributes of moisture in the manufacturing of big brand TCM.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Least-Squares Analysis , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879065

ABSTRACT

The spatial distribution uniformity of valuable medicines is the critical quality attribute in the process control of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills. With the real world sample of the mixed end-point powder of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills as the research object, hyperspectral imaging technology was used to collect a total of 32 400 data points with a size of 180 pix×180 pix. Spectral angle matching(SAM), classical least squares and mixed tuned matched filtering(MTMF) were used to identify the spatial distribution of rare medicines. MTMF model showed higher identification accuracy, therefore the spatial distribution of the blended intermediates was identified based on the MTMF model. The histogram method was also used to evaluate the spatial distribution uniformity of rare medicines. The results showed that the standard deviation was 4.78, 6.5, 3.48, 1.96, and 3.00 respectively for artificial bezoar, artificial musk, Borneol, Antelope horn and Buffalo horn; the variance was 22.8, 42.3, 12.1, 3.82, and 9.00, and the skewness was 1.26, 1.71, 0.06,-0.86, and 1.04, respectively. The final results showed that the most even blending was achieved in concentrated powder of Borneol, Antelope horn and Buffalo horn, followed by artificial bezoar, and last artificial musk. A visualization method was established for quality attributes of distribution uniformity in blending process of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills. It could provide evidences of quality control methods in the mixing process of big brand traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Powders , Quality Control
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878897

ABSTRACT

Network Meta-analysis was used to compare the efficacy and safety of Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of unstable angina pectoris. PubMed, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP and other databases were retrieved by computers from the establishment of the databases to June 2020. Randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Chinese patent medicines for the treatment of unstable angina pectoris were collected. Two investigators independently screened out the literatures, and extracted data according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The quality of the included RCTs was evaluated according to the bias risk assessment tool recommended by the Cochrane System Reviewer Manual, and the Stata 13.0 software was used for data analysis and mapping. Through screening, 28 eligible studies were finally included, with the sample size of 2 885 cases, involving 8 Chinese patent medicines. The results of the network Meta-analysis showed that in terms of total effective rate for angina symptom improvement, the order was as follows: Shenshao Capsules > Naoxintong Capsules > Ginkgo Ketone Ester Dripping Pills > Compound Danshen Dripping Pills > Ginkgo Leaf Tablets > Shexiang Baoxin Pills > Tongxinluo Capsules > Yindan Xinnaotong Soft Capsules; in terms of total effective rate for ECG curative effect, the order was as follows: Ginkgo Ketone Ester Dripping Pills>Compound Danshen Dripping Pills > Tongxinluo Capsules > Shenshao Capsules > Shexiang Baoxin Pills > Yindan Xinnaotong Soft Capsules; in terms of hypersensitivity-C-reactive protein curative effect, the order was as follows: Tongxinluo Capsules > Shenshao Capsules > Ginkgo Leaf Tablets>Compound Danshen Dropping Pills> Shexiang Baoxin Pills > Naoxintong Capsules > Yindan Xinnaotong Soft Capsules > Ginkgo Ketone Ester Dropping Pills. Chinese patent medicine combined with conventional therapy can improve the clinical efficacy of unstable angina pectoris. Due to the differences in the quantity and quality of the included studies, the order results of Chinese patent medicines need to be further verified.


Subject(s)
Angina, Unstable/drug therapy , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878872

ABSTRACT

"Target fishing" strategy was used to investigate the direct targets and mechanism of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules on relaxing bowel. Magnetic beads cross-linked with the chemical constituents from Shouhui Tongbian Capsules were prepared. The potential target proteins were captured from the total protein lysates of rat intestine using the beads. The captured proteins were further identified by LC-MS/MS, and the associated pathways were analyzed by Cytoscape. RESULTS:: showed that 138 potential target proteins were identified, which were involved in eight signaling pathways, including tricarboxylic acid cycle, pyrimidine metabolism, sulfur metabolism, fatty acid degradation, alanine/aspartate/glutamate metabolism, arginine/proline metabolism, valine/leucine/isoleucine degradation, and β-alanine metabolism. Taken together, Shouhui Tongbian Capsules may exert relaxing bowel effect by acting on multiple signaling pathways to promote intestinal gurgling, inhibit inflammation, as well as improve intestinal barrier function, intestinal water secretion, and intestinal flora.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capsules , Chromatography, Liquid , Intestines , Leucine , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 306-313, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872611

ABSTRACT

To improve the efficacy of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA)-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT), a fluorocarbon microemulsion-based gel (FMBG) loaded with both 5-ALA and carbon dioxide (CO2) was prepared in this study. Its physical and chemical properties such as particle size, zeta potential, morphology, pH value and viscosity were characterized. Acid-base titration experiment was used to determine the CO2 loading, a fluorescence derivatization method was established to determine the content of 5-ALA, and the confocal laser scanning microscope and Franz diffusion cell method were carried out to investigate its transdermal ability. Through the laser speckle contrast imaging, the CO2-affected blood flow perfusion of skin was measured. Finally, the skin irritation test was tested by hematoxylin-eosin staining (H&E) method. These results showed that the prepared FMBG was a milky white gel, with an average particle size of 202.4 nm, a zeta potential of -25.3 mV, a pH of 6.0, and a viscosity of 1 062.0 mPa·s. It can be stored stably for seven days at room temperature. The 5-ALA content of FMBG was measured to be approximately equal to 20% (w/w). At room temperature and normal pressure, the CO2 loading content of FMBG was 5.016 mg·L-1, which was 1.5 times as much as that of water. The transdermal absorption experiment and blood perfusion results showed that the FMBG can effectively enable the transdermal delivery of 5-ALA and CO2, and significantly increased the blood perfusion of skin. H&E staining results indicated that FMBG had negligible skin irritation (all animal tests were approved by the Ethics Committee of 900 Hospital of the Joint Logistics Team). In this study, a safe and stable FMBG loaded with both 5-ALA and CO2 was successfully prepared. It was suitable for transdermal application, having the potential of enhancing the efficacy of 5-ALA-mediated PDT.

9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 120-123, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862610

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the dynamic prevalence of dental fluorosis of children and levels of fluoride in drinking water after improvement of water in Xi an City, to provide scientific basis for water fluoridation improvement.@*Methods@#A total of 35 fluorosis endemic villages were selected as fixed monitor sites in 2014-2018, the ways of water improvement were surveyed, water fluorine content were detected and the prevalence of dental fluorosis in children aged 8 to 12 years were examined.@*Results@#Rates of excess fluoride in drinking water from 2014 to 2018 were 22.86%, 14.29%,11.43%, 11.43% and 8.57%, the difference were significant(χ2=16.44, P<0.01).The dental fluorosis detection rates of children aged 8 to 12 years were 20.89%,18.22%,17.46%,18.13% and 16.76% in 2014-2018 which showed a obvious descending trend by year(χ2=10.02, P<0.01). The detection rate of dental fluorosis in children aged 8 and 9 years showed a decreasing trend by year(χ2=6.53, 4.54, P<0.05).The difference of total rate of dental fluorisis,rate of mild cases rate of moderate-to-severe cases were statistically between the villages without qualified water and the villages with normal fluorine water(χ2=179.22, 167.93,10.35, P<0.01). The rate of detection in the villages with the water fluorine exceed standard in 2014-2018 showed a declining trend year by year(χ2=28.50, P<0.01). The detection rate were significant different across water improvement methods(χ2=197.76, P<0.01). Detection rate of dental fluorosis decreased from 2014 to 2018 in the areas with municipal water supply showed a decreasing after year(χ2=12.16, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#The improvement of municipal water supply shows significant effects on water fluorosis control, the detection rate of water fluoride and children s dental fluorosis in some villages with the other ways of water improvement are still higher than expected, the continuously monitor of fluoride content in water and dental fluorosis in children should be strengthened.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2243-2255, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829371

ABSTRACT

Liver fibrosis is a critical pathological structural basis of a variety of chronic liver diseases such as alcoholic liver disease, viral hepatitis and nodular cirrhosis, while liver regeneration is the key mechanism for protecting liver against multiple injuries, promoting inflammation resolution and reversing liver fibrosis. When fibrosis occurs after liver injuries, the alternation of liver regeneration status in fibrosis usually plays an essential role in the outcome of diverse liver diseases. In this review, the differences between "homeostatic regeneration", "normal regeneration" and "aberrant regeneration" were identified in terms of the occurrence conditions, the basic state of the liver, the effects on liver repair, the types of cells involved and the pathogenesis. Emphatically, we not only summarize the differences of mechanisms between "aberrant regeneration" and "normal regeneration" in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis, but also elucidate the features of "aberrant regeneration" in various liver fibrosis models, as well as the therapeutic strategies for the treatment of liver fibrosis based on "aberrant regeneration", expecting to provide evidence and clues for considering the risks and proposing possible solutions in clinical treatment of liver fibrosis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872878

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a method for the determination of polysaccharide and monosaccharide composition of Tremella fuciformis, and to analyze the difference of polysaccharide content in T. fuciformis from different sources and cultivation methods, so as to provide reference for the quality determination.Method:High performance size exclusion chromatography coupled with multi-angle laser light scattering and refractive index detection (HPSEC-MALLS-RID) was employed to determine the content and relative molecular weight distribution of T. fuciformis polysaccharides. The monosaccharide types and proportions of T. fuciformis polysaccharides were analyzed by 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone (PMP) precolumn derivative high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).Result:The weight-average relative molecular weight (Mw) and the content of polysaccharides in T. fuciformis cultivated by cut-log from different sources were distributed in 2.618×106-3.503×106 Da and 307.12-609.06 g·kg-1, respectively. These two parameters of polysaccharides in T. fuciformis with substitute cultivation from different sources were 2.723×106-3.886×106 Da and 366.38-647.37 g·kg-1, respectively. The T. fuciformis polysaccharides mainly consisted of mannose, glucuronic acid, glucose, galactose, xylose and fucose, their ratios in samples with cut-log and substitute cultivation were 4.4∶0.7∶1.0∶0.2∶1.4∶1.6 and 4.4∶0.8∶1.0∶0.1∶1.5∶1.5, respectively. The contents of the above six monosaccharides in 39 batches of T. fuciformis from different sources were mannose of 36.71-191.31 g·kg-1, glucose of 10.46-76.10 g·kg-1, galactose of 1.00-6.72 g·kg-1, xylose of 16.73-70.54 g·kg-1, glucuronic acid of 9.74-32.12 g·kg-1, fucose of 17.16-68.20 g·kg-1.Conclusion:The content of polysaccharides in T. fuciformis from different sources has a certain difference, the developed method can be used as a routine method for the quality evaluation of polysaccharides in T. fuciformis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848151

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In the case of tooth defect or missing, the treatment should be achieved by making a personalized prosthesis. Traditional manufacturing process is time-consuming, costly and accurate. After the introduction of 3D printing technology into dental manufacture, the manufacturing efficiency and quality can be improved to a certain extent. OBJECTIVE: To introduce the application of 3D printing technology in dental manufacture, discuss the bottleneck in recent application, and guide the development of 3D printing technology in dental manufacture. METHODS: The authors used the search times "3D printing, metal implant, dental manufacturing, dental restorations” to search Web of Science, Wanfang, CNKI databases in English and Chinese separately to search papers published during 1980-2019. 261 papers were preliminarily retrieved and 60 of them were included in the final analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: 3D printing dental mold, digital implant guide plate and wax pattern have been widely used in dental manufacture. 3D printing technology has been widely used in dental manufacture. The most widely used six processes are stereo lithography appearance, laminated object manufacturing, fused deposition modeling, selective laser sintering, selective laser melting, and inkjet printing. There are some technical bottlenecks in the application of 3D printing technology in the field of dental manufacturing. After breaking through technology bottlenecks, 3D printing will be more useful in the field of dental manufacturing in the future.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827228

ABSTRACT

In recent years, biosynthesis of triterpenoid saponins in medicinal plants has been widely studied because of their active ingredients with diverse pharmacological activities. Various oxidosqualene cyclases, cytochrome P450 monooxygenases, uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferases, and transcription factors related to triterpenoid saponins biosynthesis have been explored and identified. In the biosynthesis of triterpenoid saponins, the progress of gene mining by omics-based sequencing, gene screening, gene function verification, catalyzing mechanism of key enzymes and gene regulation are summarized and discussed. By the progress of the biosynthesis pathway of triterpenoid saponins, the large-scale production of some triterpenoid saponins and aglycones has been achieved through plant tissue culture, transgenic plants and engineered yeast cells. However, the complex biosynthetic pathway and structural diversity limit the biosynthesis of triterpenoid saponins in different system. Special focus can further be placed on the systematic botany information of medicinal plants obtained from omics large dataset, and triterpenoid saponins produced by synthetic biology strategies, gene mutations and gene editing technology.

14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1228-1233, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827135

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and clinical significant of VCAN and its related molecules in patients with MM.@*METHODS@#Ficoll density gradient centrifugation method was used to speared the bone marrow mononuclear cell in 25 cases of MM before and after treatment, the relative mRNA expression of VCAN and their related molecules (FAK, FN, MK, and HAS) in bone marrow was detected by real-time quantitative PCR, and their protein expression was determined by Western bolt.@*RESULTS@#The expression of VCAN, FK and FN in the effective group after treatment was significantly lower than that before treatment (P<0.05), however, the expression of MK and HAS showed no statistically significantly different before and after treatment (P<0.05). The expression of VCAN of patients in non remission group was significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05). The expression of FAK and FN of patients in no remission group was significant increased as compared with the patients in newly diagnosed group (P<0.05). The relative expression of VCAN mRNA in the patients at 3rd stage was significantly higher than those at the 1st stage (P<0.05) and control group but showed no significant difference to the patients at 2nd stage (P<0.05). The expression of VCAN and its related proteins (FAK, MK, FN) showed positively correlation in bone marrow mononuclear cells of MM patients (P<0.05). The correlation between VCAN and HAS was not statistically significant (r=0.259,P>0.05). Survival analysis showed that the relative expression of VCAN mRNA was associated with OS (P=0.049) and PFS (P=0.041) in MM patients.@*CONCLUSION@#VCAN and its related molecules are highly expressed in MM patients; VCAN may act as potential biomarker in the development of multiple myeloma.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , RNA, Messenger , Versicans
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802298

ABSTRACT

The diagnosis and treatment methods for cancer are being improved continually, but the mortality of cancer still remains high. At present, the academic circle has realized deficiency of existing treatment ideas, and the concept of cancer cells has been gradually changed from "extremely extinct" to "peaceful coexistence". The concept of "survival with tumors" is universally accepted in the cancer academia. The tumor microenvironment is the place where tumor cells survive and develop. Therefore, regulation of the tumor microenvironment has become an important new strategy for tumor treatment. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are a group of heterogeneous cells that have immunosuppressive properties on T cells in the tumor microenvironment and play an important role in tumor immune escape. Now, therapy with MDSCs in the tumor microenvironment as the treatment targets also provides new ideas for the tumor treatment. As MDSCs subpopulations are similar with neutrophils and monocytes, they can be divided into two major subtypes:granulocyte-like myeloid-derived suppressor cells (G-MDSCs) and monocyte-myeloid-derived suppressor cells(M-MDSCs). But how to differ these two subtypes from neutrophils and monocytes. What are the differences in the functional characteristics of different subtypes of MDSCs. How do they accumulate, differentiate, and exert immunosuppressive effects through different pathways. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has always been good at modulating the body's microenvironment. More and more researches have shown that, the recruitment, amplification and activation of MDSCs can be effectively inhibited by TCM compound and its active ingredients, providing scientific basis for Chinese medicine targeting MDSCs in the tumor microenvironment. However, which specific pathways could regulate G-MDSCs or M-MDSCs is still in need of further studies. Most previous literature focus on the overall level of MDSCs, while the this paper would be based on the specific subpopulations of MDSCs to clarify the biological characteristics of these two subtypes of MDSCs, so as to achieve more precise targeted therapy in the tumor microenvironment.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802296

ABSTRACT

Early diagnoses and treatment methods are being constantly improved, but cancer metastasis remains a main cause of mortality in malignant tumor patients. Lung is thought to be the organ most prone to distal metastasis among malignant tumors due to its unique physiological and pathological character. Tumor lung metastasis is unpredictable and may result in irreversible damages. Presently, no exact mechanism or specific targeting therapies are found. Depending on the unique theory system-treatment based on symptom differentiation, traditional Chinese medicine has made significant progress on controlling tumor lung metastasis, but its application methods and mechanism still need further study and exploration. More appropriate and idealized animal models are required as a studying medium. Therefore, the establishment of animal models to simulate lung metastasis of cancer patients has become the key to the study of tumor lung metastasis. In order to produce a better platform for investigating the pathogenesis, underlying mechanism, early diagnosis and therapeutics for tumor lung metastasis, and to provide reference for the selection and establishment of mouse lung metastasis model, this article would introduce the implementation, application and estimation of several common methods (tail vein injection, mammary fat pad orthotopic injection, tibia injection, tissue orthotopic implantation, transgenic mice and so on). Meanwhile, the development of mouse lung metastasis model still needs expanding of thoughts, rational and flexible utilization of existing models, and interdisciplinary cooperation to establish preferable animal models and make results more reliable.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802294

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the mechanism of aloesin in inducing apoptosis in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells, so as to inhibit its proliferation. Method:A549 cells in logarithmic growth phase were collected, and cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to detect the effect of different concentrations of aloesin (2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128 μmol·L-1) on the proliferation of A549. Effect of aloesin (0, 16 μmol·L-1) on the number of clones formed in A549 cells and the size of clone formation was determined by crystal violet staining. effect of aloesin on apoptosis of A549 cells was detected by annexin V/propidium iodide(PI)apoptosis kit staining. Hoechst staining was used to detect the phenomenon of apoptotic nuclear pyknosis. Western blot was used to detect aloesin's effect on death-related protein expressions of Bcl-xl/Bcl-2 associated death promoter (Bad), cleaved-Caspase-3,cl-Caspase-3(Asp175), Caspase-3, cleaved poly ADP-ribose polymerase (cl-PARP), poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) in A549 cells. In vivo, 5-week-old nude mice were subcutaneously inoculated with 2×106 A549 cells, and randomly divided into the medication group and the blank group. aloesin or normal saline was intraperitoneally injected for 4 weeks, and the tumor volume of nude mice was measured weekly. The body weight of the mice was observed, and the appearance of the nude mice was observed. Result:Aloesin inhibited the proliferation and cloning of A549 cells in a concentration-dependent manner (PPPPPPin vivo, aloesin significantly shrank the volume of subcutaneous tumors in mice, reduced tumor weight, with a better appearance than that of the control group. Conclusion:Aloesin may inhibit the expression of NSCLC by inducing apoptosis of A549 cells, and is safe to use, with no inhibitory effect on the body weight of mice.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802293

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe effect of Zeqi Tang in intervening mice with orthotopic lung cancer model, in order to observe its anti-tumor mechanism. Method:An in situ mouse model of non-small cell lung cancer was established through intrapulmonary injection with 1×105 LLC-luc cells. The model mice were intragastrically administered with Zeqi Tang(0.171 g·mL-1) or normal saline for 35 days. Appearance (spirit, hair, appetite, sleep), survival period and Zeqi Tang anti-tumor effect were observed, weekly vital imaging was performed to detect the fluorescence signal in the lungs of mice. Flow cytometry was used to detect the NK cell content in the spleen of the model mice. CD107α was used to detect the degranulation of NK cells in the spleen of mice after administration of Zeqi Tang. Kromasil 100 5 C18 column was used and eluted with acetonitrile-0.025%phosphoric acid in a gradient mode, with flow rate at 1.0 mL·min-1, column temperature at 35℃ and detection wavelength of 265 nm, as to establish the fingerprint of Zeqi Tang. The fingerprints of 10 batches of samples was evaluated by using the Chinese Medicine Chromatographic Fingerprint Similarity Evaluation System Software (2012 Edition) recommended by the Chinese Pharmacopoeia Commission, in order to complete the quality control of Zeqi Tang. Result:Zeqi Tang could significantly inhibit the lung fluorescence signal of lung cancer in situ model mice and prolong the survival of mice(PPPα also increased significantly(PConclusion:Zeqi Tang may enhance the tumor growth and prolong the survival period of mice by up-regulating the number of NK cells in mice and enhancing their degranulation function. The evaluation of similarity of HPLC fingerprint of Zeqi Tang reflects the quality of lacquer soup to a certain extent, and can provide reference for further study.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800825

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To further improve the proficiency and accuracy of physical diagnosis of medical students.@*Methods@#On March 16th, 2018, a random questionnaire survey were conducted and Excel used to investigate and analyze the needs of junior medical students for the teaching of physical diagnosis from the perspectives of topic selection of micro-lecture, presentation, teaching hours etc..@*Results@#A total of 174 questionnaires were distributed and were all took back. In the survey, 139 students (79.89%) hoped to apply micro-lecture to the teaching of physical diagnosis, 132 students (75.86%) thought that the proper time of micro-lecture for each physical examination item should be 2-5 minutes, 150 students (86.21%) expected to learn micro-lecture of physical diagnosis via WeChat. Physical examination items selected mostly by students were on heart, chest and nervous system.@*Conclusion@#Theoretically and technologically speaking, it is feasible to make micro-lecture of physical diagnosis. Therefore, we should actively carry out the micro-lecture of physical diagnosis to meet students' learning demands and improve their operation skills of physical diagnosis.

20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 905-916, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781384

ABSTRACT

One of the core symptoms in anxiety disorders is dysregulated fear response. It is crucial for psychologists and neuroscientists to understand how fear responses are enhanced and inhibited. Although oxytocin (OXT) was initially conceived as a prosocial molecule and mammalian neuropeptide that enhances cooperation and trust, later studies showed that it produces modulatory influence on fear responses. Therefore, OXT is now regarded as a promising pharmacological agent to boost treatment response in anxiety disorders. However, the effect of OXT on fear responses have been somewhat complex, and there are some contradictions among animal experiments and human studies. In this article, we summarize recent studies that employed animal models, brain region-specific manipulations and preclinical studies to explore the role of OXT in the acquisition and processing of fear response. We also discuss the methodological differences among these studies and review the potential factors that may contribute to the complicated effect of OXT on fear response. This review will help to promote the potential clinical application of OXT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Fear , Humans , Oxytocics , Pharmacology , Oxytocin , Pharmacology
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