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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885547

ABSTRACT

Pregnancy complicated by Marfan syndrome (MFS) could increase adverse pregnancy outcomes. The most serious MFS-induced complication is aortic dissection (AoD), which could endanger both the mother and the fetus. This article summarizes the research progress in China and overseas in the diagnosis and treatment of pregnancy complicated by MFS in recent years in order to raise awareness and improve prenatal diagnosis and pre-conception counseling, thereby facilitating early diagnosis and timely perinatal multi-disciplinary standardized treatment with a view to improving the prognosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884202

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether prophylactic anti-viral therapy is needed for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection resolvers with high titer of hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs) receiving rituximab treatment.Methods:This study was a prospective cohort study. Nine patients with hepatitis B surface antigen(HBsAg) negative/hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) positive/anti-HBs positive receiving rituximab treatment in Chinese Academy of Medical Science, Peking Union Medical College Hospital from June 2017 to June 2018 were enrolled. Patients were divided into two groups according to baseline anti-HBs titers. Patients with anti-HBs≥100 mIU/mL did not receive prophylactic treatment after informed consent. Patients with anti-HBs<100 mIU/mL were prescribed with entecavir before the treatment of rituximab. All patients were followed up every month after the first use of rituximab. Liver function, HBV DNA and HBV serology markers were tested. Descriptive statistical analysis was used.Results:Of the nine patients, six patients were diagnosed with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), one with Waldenstrom′s macroglobulinemia, one with indolent B-cell lymphoma, and one with membranous nephropathy. There were seven patients with anti-HBs≥100 mIU/mL who did not receive prophylactic anti-HBV therapy, and two patients with anti-HBs<100 mIU/mL who received entecavir (0.5 mg/d) prophylactic treatment before chemotherapy. The anti-HBs titer of the patient with indolent B cell lymphoma decreased from 21.27 mIU/mL to 6.33 mIU/mL during the third course of rituximab treatment. After the fourth course of treatment, the anti-HBs titer of one patient with DLBCL decreased from 172.25 mIU/mL to 57.76 mIU/mL. One patient with membranous nephropathy was followed up for one year and the anti-HBs titer increased from 141.47 mIU/mL to 328.98 mIU/mL.No significant changes of anti-HBs titer were observed in other patients. No HBV reactivation occurred in all patients and HBV DNA remained negative during the follow-up.Conclusions:The anti-HBs titer may drop after rituximab treatment in resolved HBV patients. High titer of anti-HBs may protect resolved HBV patients from HBV reactivation. Patients with high titer of anti-HBs may not need prophylactic anti-viral therapy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882927

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of women′s psychological security and quality of life in poverty-stricken areas, and analyze their interrelation and influencing factors.Methods:With the method of convenient sampling, 368 women from poor families who participated in the poverty alleviation vocational training course were investigated with self-designed questionnaire, Psychological Safety Scale (SQ) and World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief (WHOQOL-BREF).Results:The average total score of women's psychological security in poverty-stricken families was 48.66 ± 12.75, which was in the middle level. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that family income and religious beliefs had an impact on interpersonal security ( F value was 16.509, P<0.05); ethnicity and religious beliefs had an impact on the certainty of control ( F value was 17.546, p<0.05); religious beliefs had an impact on the total value of security ( F value was 20.911, P<0.05). The overall quality of life and health status scores of females from poor families (13.38±2.91) were significantly lower than the norm ( t value was -3.27, P<0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that personal annual income and religious beliefs had an impact on physiological domain( F value was 2.694, P<0.05); marital status and religious beliefs had an impact on the psychological domain ( F value was 3.305, P<0.05); family annual income and religious beliefs had an impact on the environmental domain ( F value was 2.866, P<0.05) while they had no impact on the social domain. There was a significant positive correlation between psychological security and quality of life. Conclusions:There is a significant positive correlation between the level of psychological security and the quality of life of poor family women. Improving the quality of life of poverty-stricken family women can improve their psychological security.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882388

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between blood pressure changes within 24 h after intravenous thrombolysis and the outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods:Patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with alteplase intravenous thrombolysis in the Department of Neurology, Anhui No. 2 Provincial People's Hospital from June 2018 to September 2020 were enrolled retrospectively. The patients who received antihypertensive therapy before and within 24 h after intravenous thrombolysis were excluded. The blood pressure before intravenous thrombolysis and the blood pressure drop within 24 h after intravenous thrombolysis were recorded. The modified Rankin Scale was used to evaluate the clinical outcome at 90 d after the onset. 0-2 was defined as good outcome, and >2 was defined as poor outcome. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the independent correlation between blood pressure changes within 24 h after intravenous thrombolysis and the clinical outcomes. Results:A total of 205 patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled, including 125 males (60.98%), 80 females (39.02%); aged 63.30±9.63 years; 124 (60.49%) had a good outcome, and 81 (39.51%) had a poor outcome. Univariate analysis showed that the proportion of diabetic patients as well as baseline systolic blood pressure, prethrombolytic blood glucose, baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, and the incidence of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage in the good outcome group were significantly lower than those in the poor outcome group, and the proportion of patients with small vessel occlusion and the decrease in systolic blood pressure within 24 h after thrombolytic therapy were significantly higher than those in the poor outcome group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that higher baseline systolic blood pressure was independently associated with the poor outcome at 90 d after intravenous thrombolysis (odds ratio 0.964, 95% confidence interval 0.942-0.987; P=0.002), and a greater decrease in systolic blood pressure within 24 h after intravenous thrombolysis was independently associated with a good outcome (odds ratio 1.134, 95% confidence interval 1.067-1.206; P<0.001). Conclusion:For patients with acute ischemic stroke who received intravenous thrombolysis, higher baseline blood pressure before intravenous thrombolysis was associated with the poor outcome, and greater decrease in systolic blood pressure within 24 h after intravenous thrombolysis was associated with the good outcome.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1621-1626, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881566

ABSTRACT

Hyperuricemia is not only the biochemical basis of gout, but also closely related to the development of metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular diseases, chronic kidney disease, etc. Xanthine oxidase (XOD) is the key catalytic enzyme for uric acid biosynthesis, therefore the vital target for anti-hyperuricemic drugs. In this study, compound CC18022 was designed and synthesized specifically targeting to XOD. Molecular docking analysis indicated a fairly tight binding between CC18022 and XOD. In the in vitro study, CC18022 significantly inhibited XOD activity with a half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) value in the order of nmol·L-1, which is relative to the XOD inhibitor febuxostat. By using both acute and chronic hyperuricemic mice model, compound CC18022 was found to have serum uric acid-lowering effect in a dose-dependent manner in vivo. The animal welfare and experimental processes were in accordance with the provisions of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. In the acute hyperuricemic mice, CC18022 significantly inhibited serum XOD activity, and also the XOD activity in intestine and liver, which were related to purine absorption and metabolism. Therefore, the novel compound CC18022 exhibited significant inhibition on XOD activity and anti-hyperuricemic effects, making it a favorable candidate for further research.

6.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 377-383, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880272

ABSTRACT

The pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has had a serious impact on global health. COVID-19 vaccines may be one of the most effective measure to end the pandemic. High infection risk and higher serious incident and mortality rates have been shown in cancer patients with COVID-19. Therefore, cancer patients should be the priority group for COVID-19 prevention. Until now, data of COVID-19 vaccination for cancer patients is lacking. We review the interim data of safety and immune-efficacy of COVID-19 vaccination in cancer patients based on the latest studies. Due to the complicated immune systems of cancer patients caused by the malignancy and anticancer treatments, we proposed preliminary specific COVID-19 vaccination recommendations for cancer patients with different anticancer treatments and at different stages of the disease. Preventing COVID-19 with vaccinations for cancer patients is crucial, and we call for more large-scale clinical trials and real-world studies, for further COVID-19 vaccination recommendations development.
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7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880141

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKL), and to analyze the factors that affecting the survival and prognostic of patients treated with pegaspargase based chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 61 ENKL patients treated in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2015 to June 2019 were enrolled and retrospectively analyzed. The clinical characteristics, survival rate and influencing factors of prognostic in patients were investigated.@*RESULTS@#The male and female ratio in the whole group was 2.8∶1. The median age was 46 years old (range, 17-67 years old). 30 patients were in stage I/II, while 31 patients were in stage III/IV. The ratio of nasal and non-nasal type was 4.1∶1. The common sites of extranodal involvement were skin and subcutaneous tissue (26.2%), liver (14.8%), lung (13.1%) and gastrointestinal tract (13.1%). 9.8% of patients showed central nervous system involvement and 11.5% showed bone marrow involvement. The median follow-up time was 22 months (range, 1-53 months). The 2-year PFS and OS rates of patients in the whole group were 51.6% and 53.2%, respectively. The 2-year OS rate of patients at stage I/II was 87.5%, while that of patients at stage III/IV was only 21.2%, the difference showed statistically significant (P60 years old and Ann Arbor stage III-IV were the independent adverse factors that affecting the prognosis of PFS and OS (HR=3.681, 95% CI 1.322-10.250; HR=4.611, 95% CI 1.118-19.009).@*CONCLUSION@#The survival of ENKL patients has been significantly improved by pegaspargase based chemotherapy. Patients with stage I/II disease have achieved a relatively good 2-year OS rate of 87.5%, but the prognosis of stage III/IV and non-nasal type patients are still poor. Age>60 years old and Ann Arbor stage III/IV are independent adverse prognostic factors for ENKL patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Asparaginase , Female , Humans , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Polyethylene Glycols , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879162

ABSTRACT

In order to establish a rapid and non-destructive evaluation method for the identification of Armeniacae Semen Amarum and Persicae Semen from different origins, the spectral information of Armeniacae Semen Amarum and Persicae Semen in the range of 898-1 751 nm was collected based on hyperspectral imaging technology. Armeniacae Semen Amarum and Persicae Semen from different origins were collected as research objects, and a total of 720 Armeniacae Semen Amarum samples and 600 Persicae Semen samples were used for authenticity discrimination. The region of interest(ROI) and the average reflection spectrum in the ROI were obtained, followed by comparing five pre-processing methods. Then, partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA), support vector machine(SVM), and random forest(RF) method were established for classification models, which were evaluated by the confusion matrix of prediction results and receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC). The results showed that in the three sample sets, the se-cond derivative pre-processing method and PLS-DA were the best model combinations. The classification accuracy of the test set under the 5-fold cross-va-lidation was 93.27%, 96.19%, and 100.0%, respectively. It was consistent with the confusion matrix of the predicted results. The area under the ROC curve obtained the highest values of 0.992 3, 0.999 6, and 1.000, respectively. The study revealed that the near-infrared hyperspectral imaging technology could accurately identify the medicinal materials of Armeniacae Semen Amarum and Persicae Semen from different origins and distinguish the authentication of these two varieties.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hyperspectral Imaging , Least-Squares Analysis , Semen , Support Vector Machine , Technology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878957

ABSTRACT

To identify Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma from different geographical origins, spectrum and image features were extracted from visible and near-infrared(VNIR, 435-1 042 nm) and short-wave infrared(SWIR, 898-1 751 nm) ranges based on hyperspectral imaging technology. The spectral features of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma samples were extracted from hyperspectral data and denoised by a variety of pre-processing methods. The classification models were established by using Partial Least Squares Discriminate Analysis(PLS-DA), Support Vector Classification(SVC) and Random Forest(RF). Meanwhile, Gray-Level Co-occurrence matrix(GLCM) was employed to extract textural variables. The spectrum and image data were implemented from three dimensions, including VNIR and SWIR fusion, spectrum and image fusion, and comprehensive data fusion. The results indicated that the spectrum in SWIR range performed better classification accuracy than VNIR range. Compared with other four pre-processing methods, the second derivative method based on Savitzky-Golay(SG) smoothing exhibited the best performance, and the classification accuracy of PLS-DA and SVC models were 93.40% and 94.11%, separately. In addition, the PLS-DA model was superior to SVC and RF models in terms of classification accuracy and model generalization capability, which were evaluated by confusion matrix and receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC). Comprehensive data fusion on SPA bands achieved a classification accuracy of 94.82% with only 28 bands. As a result, this approach not only greatly improved the classification efficiency but also maintained its accuracy. The hyperspectral imaging system, a non-invasively, intuitively and quickly identify technology, could effectively distinguish Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma samples from different origins.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hyperspectral Imaging , Technology
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878315

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association between blood pressure and all-cause mortality in Shanxi, China.@*Methods@#The '2002 China Nutrition and Health Survey' baseline data in Shanxi province was used. A retrospective investigation was performed in 2015. The effects of SBP and DBP on the all-cause mortality were analyzed using the Cox regression model. The hazard ratio ( @*Results@#The follow-up rate was 76.52% over 13 years, while the cumulative mortality rate for all participants was 917.12/100,000 person-years. The mortality rose with an increasing SBP ( @*Conclusion@#Adults with SBP > 160 mmHg and DBP > 100 mmHg had a higher mortality risk. Sex and age difference was noted in both DBP and mortality risk.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Blood Pressure , China , Cohort Studies , Female , Health Surveys , Humans , Hypertension/mortality , Male , Middle Aged , Mortality/trends , Proportional Hazards Models , Young Adult
11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1173-1180, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876883

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To prepare paclit axel and schisandrin B liposomes modified by cell penetrating peptide RPV ,and to preliminarily evaluate its anti-tumor activity in vitro . METHODS :RPV modified paclitaxel and schisandrin B liposomes were prepared by film dispersion method. Box-Benhken design-response surface methodology was used to optimize the prescription technology of RPV modified paclitaxel and schisandrin B liposomes using the amount of cholesterol and paclitaxel ,the time interval of ultrasound probe as factors ,average entrapment efficiency of paclitaxel and schisandrin B was used as the index. The liposomes prepared by the optimal technology were characterized. Sulfonylrhodamine B staining method was used to investigate in vitro toxicity of RPV modified blank liposomes ,paclitaxel and schisandrin B liposomes ,RPV modified paclitaxel and schisandrin B liposomes to human ovarian cancer cell SK-OV- 3. The effects of 3 kinds of liposomes on the migration and invasion ability of SK-OV-3 cells were investigated by cell scratch test and Transwell chamber invasion test. RESULTS :The optimal prescription technology was phospholipid 44 mg,cholesterol 8 mg,paclitaxel 0.64 mg,schisandrin B 1.5 mg,ultrasonic probe time interval 5 s,prescription dosage 5 mL. According to the optimal prescription technology ,the liposomes were spherical in shape ,and the particle size was (126.49±1.19)nm,Zeta-potential was (-4.83±0.61)mV,average entrapment efficiency of liposomes was (93.88±1.67)%. Compared with RPV modified blank liposomes ,after treated with paclitaxel and schisandrin B liposomes and RPV modified paclitaxel and schisandrin B liposomes ,the survival rate ,migration inhibition rate and invasion rate of SK-OV- 3 cells were significantly decreased (P<0.05). The effects of RPV modified paclitaxel and schisandrin B liposomes was better than those of paclitaxel and schisandrin B liposomes (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS :RPV modified paclitaxel and schisandra B liposome are successfu lly prepared ,and they have certain antitumor activity in vitro .

12.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1164-1168., 2021.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876664

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical and prognostic features of hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis (HTGP) during pregnancy. MethodsA total of 77 patients with acute pancreatitis in pregnancy who were admitted to The Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University from January 2013 to June 2020 were enrolled as subjects, and according to the presence or absence of HTGP, they were divided into HTGP group with 38 patients and non-HTGP group with 39 patients. The two groups were compared in terms of the clinical features including age, pregnancy, laboratory markers, complication, and prognostic indices. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test or the Fisher’s exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of ranked data between two groups. According to the trimester of pregnancy, the patients were divided into early pregnancy group with 4 patients, middle pregnancy group with 14 patients, and late pregnancy with 59 patients, and blood lipid levels were compared between groups; the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison between two groups or within each group. ResultsCompared with the non-HTGP group, the HTGP group had significantly higher mean age (t=-3.000, P=0.004) and proportion of patients with diabetes (χ2=8.867, P=0.003). Compared with the non-HTGP group, the HTGP group had a significantly higher proportion of patients with disease onset in the third trimester (P<0.001) and a significantly lower serum level of sodium (Z=-6.328, P<0.001). Compared with the non-HTGP group, the HTGP group had significantly higher incidence rates of acute peripancreatic fluid collection (76.3% vs 33.3%, χ2=14.342, P<0.001) and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (81.6% vs 410%, χ2=13.310, P<0.001). There were significant differences between the two groups in the length of hospital stay, the rate of admission to the intensive care unit, and hospital costs (Z=-2.077, χ2=11.537, Z=-3.525, all P<0.05). The levels of total cholesterol and triglyceride in the third trimester were significantly higher than those in middle pregnancy (both P<0.05). ConclusionCompared with the non-HTGP group, the HTGP group has a higher proportion of patients with disease onset in the third trimester of pregnancy, a higher risk of complications, a longer length of hospital stay, and higher hospital costs.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 32-36, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777790

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the survival time and distribution of rabbit corneal stromal cells(CSCs)after transplantation of rabbit corneal <i>in vitro</i>. <p>METHODS: Primary rabbit CSCs was cultured <i>in vitro</i> and identified by immunohistochemical staining. using lentivirus(LV)with marker gene enhanced green fluorescent protein(EGFP)transfection rabbit CSCs, the growth status and fluorescence intensity of the transfected cells were observed under an inverted fluorescence microscope. The <i>in vitro</i> animal experiments were randomly divided into 2 groups. experimental group lines of LV-EGFP tag of rabbit CSCs suspension stromal injection, control group amount of normal saline injection corneal stroma, Frozen sections were taken 1wk and 1mo after surgery to observe the fluorescence of transplanted CSCs, and hematoxylin-eosin(HE)was used to observe the tissue morphology of paraffin sections. <p>RESULTS: LV-EGFP transfected rabbit CSCs showed a small amount of fluorescence after 24h under an inverted fluorescence microscope, with the strongest at 96h and 110h. There was no significant difference in the morphology of the transfected CSCs and normal CSCs. Green fluorescence can be seen in the stromal layer of the cornea in the experimental group at 1wk and 1mo, while there is no green fluorescence in the control group. Paraffin section for 1wk showed obvious epithelial cell hyperplasia and slight corneal edema in the experimental group, and a small amount of inflammatory cell infiltration. 1mo after surgery, the epithelial cell hyperplasia was weakened in the experimental group, and no corneal layer edema was observed. No obvious abnormality was found in the control group for 1wk and 1mo. <p>CONCLUSION: Extracorporeal corneal stroma transplantation of LV-EGFP labeled rabbit CSCs can survive at least 1mo in the corneal and is compatible with adjacent tissues.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781419

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To estimate the burden of cirrhosis and other chronic liver diseases caused by specific etiologies in China.@*Methods@#Data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 (GBD 2016) were used. We evaluated the burden by analyzing age-sex-province-specific prevalence, mortality, and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) of 33 provinces in China.@*Results@#From 1990 to 2016, prevalence cases in thousands increased by 73.7% from 6833.3 (95% : 6498.0-7180.6) to 11869.6 (95% : 11274.6-12504.7). Age-standardized mortality and DALY rates per 100,000 decreased by 51.2% and 53.3%, respectively. Male and elderly people (aged ≥ 60 years) preponderance were found for prevalence, mortality, and DALYs. The number of prevalence cases, deaths, and DALYs due to hepatitis C virus (HCV) increased by 86.6%, 8.7%, and 0.9%, respectively. Also, age-standardized prevalence rates decreased in 31 provinces, but increased in Yunnan and Shandong. The Socio-demographic Index (SDI) values were negatively correlated with age-standardized mortality and DALY rates by provinces in 2016; the correlation coefficients were -0.817 and -0.828, respectively.@*Conclusion@#Cirrhosis and other chronic liver diseases remain a huge health burden in China, with the increase of population and the aging of population. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) remains the leading cause of the health burden in China.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799670

ABSTRACT

Inadvertent perioperative hypothermia (IPH) is one of the most common complications of perioperative patients, and induces some other complications such as cardiovascular adverse events, chills, blood coagulation dysfunction, infections of incision with high probability. It is also associated with a substantial economic burden, primarily due to delay of recovery and prolonged hospitalization. Therefore, previous assessment and identification of IPH risk factors is crucial to reduce the incidence of IPH and its adverse effects. This paper will review the following three aspects of IPH’s risk assessment: high-risk groups, tools and effect.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799342

ABSTRACT

Pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma(PPGL) was a kind of neuroendocrine tumor that derived from chromaffin tissue, which seems to be an important etiology of secondary hypertension. With the development of molecular detection technology, at least 17 kinds of pathogenic genes of PPGL has been discovered, which is related to 35%-40% PPGL, and about 40% malignant PPGL is associated with SDHB gene mutation. In this study, we reported a case with a novel splicing mutation of SDHB gene induced paraganglioma.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799237

ABSTRACT

Background@#Patients with acute gouty arthritis experienc severe pain and often have concomitant limited joint movement. High-dose intake of anti-inflammatory analgesics often results in adverse reactions, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, and might increase the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding. In order to reduce the adverse reactions by oral intake, local use of externally useddrugs with the same active ingredients as the oral intake is an option in clinical practice. However, externally useddrugs take effect slowly and efficacy to reduce painful feelingis unsatisfactory. Therefore, it is demanding to develop a safe and effective treatment plan. In this regard, researchers have put up a hypothesis. The skin of the human body has a dense stratum corneum, which is difficult for externally used drugs to penetrate effectively; if the keratin barrier of the skin around affected joints can be broken without further damaging the skin, externally applied drugs may safely and effectively alleviate the local symptoms of acute gouty arthritis. The nano plum blossom needle is made of a modern new material. The needle body is thin and the diameter of the needle tip is only 300 nm. The needle is used clinically to break through the keratin barrier of the human skin and promote the absorption of external medicine. Therefore, this trial was designed to preliminarily evaluate the safety and effectiveness of using the nano plum blossom needle for the introduction of diclofenac diethylamine emulgel in the treatment of acute gouty arthritis.@*Methods@#A randomized controlled trial including 83 patients with acute gouty arthritis was conducted, who was assigned to three groups, the intervention group, control group 1, and control group 2 in a ratio of 2:2:1, respectively. The nano plum blossom needle was used for the introduction of diclofenac diethylamine emulgel in the intervention group; the nano plum blossom needle was used as a placebo along with the local use of diclofenac diethylamine emulgel in control group 1; and the nano plum blossom needle was used alone in control group 2. The treatments were applied once a day until the pain was completely relieved and the course of treatment lasted up to 7 days. The primary outcome measurement was the visual analog scale for evaluating the degree of pain. The secondary outcome indicators included scoring of the symptoms and signs with comprehensive consideration of the joint skin color, local tenderness, and degree of joint motion, the time and dose of emergency medication usage during trial, and adverse events.@*Discussion@#This trial couldprovide preliminary evidence for evidence-based practice of using nano plum blossom needle transdermal drug delivery technology for diclofenac diethylamine emulgel for the treatment of acute gouty arthritis, and provide a reference for sample size calculation and experimental design of future clinical trials verifying the effectiveness and safety of such a technical scheme in a larger target population.@*Registration information@#This study has been registered in the China Clinical Trial Registry Centerwith the registration code of ChiCTR-IOR-17012154.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870001

ABSTRACT

Pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma(PPGL) was a kind of neuroendocrine tumor that derived from chromaffin tissue, which seems to be an important etiology of secondary hypertension. With the development of molecular detection technology, at least 17 kinds of pathogenic genes of PPGL has been discovered, which is related to 35%-40% PPGL, and about 40% malignant PPGL is associated with SDHB gene mutation. In this study, we reported a case with a novel splicing mutation of SDHB gene induced paraganglioma.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869163

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) transfected with therapeutic gene early growth reactive protein 1 (Egr1)-sodium/iodine symporter (NIS) and carrying gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), and to investigate the feasibility of Egr1 in promoting NIS expression and the radiasensitization effect of AuNPs.Methods:BMSCs transfected with lentivirus(Lv)-Egr1-NIS-cytomegalovirus(CMV)-green fluorescent protein (GFP) in the experimental group and Lv-Egr1-GFP in the control group were prepared and the expression of NIS induced by radioiodine was verified by iodine uptake determination. The optimal incubation time and concentration of AuNPs were observed with laser confocal microscopy. The cytotoxicity of AuNPs suspension liquid was investigated using cytotoxicity test. Iodine uptake assay was performed to investigate NIS gene expression of BMSCs-Egr1-NIS incubated with AuNPs. In vitro chemotaxis of BMSCs-Egr1-NIS incubated with/without AuNPs to breast cancer cells were verified by cell migration experiment. The radiosensitization effect of AuNPs for 131I on killing breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231 were explored. The one-way analysis of variance and Dunnett t test were used for data analysis. Results:BMSCs-Egr1-NIS (unstable transformation) was successfully prepared. Egr1 could promote NIS expression with the induction of radioiodine. The iodine uptake capacity in BMSCs-Egr1-NIS increased by 2.5-5 times or even higher compared with BMSCs-Egr1-GFP. The better incubation conditions of AuNPs for BMSCs phagocytosis were 0.20 g/L(24 h) or 0.10 g/L(48 h). The cytotoxicity of AuNPs was low in appropriate incubation time and concentration, and there was no effect on iodine uptake and chemotaxis. The chemotaxis to MDA-MB-231 of BMSCs-Egr1-NIS was identified. AuNPs radiasensitization assay showed that absorbance ( A) 570 nm of MDA-MB-231 cells were significantly deferent in 131I killing groups and blank control group without 131I ( F=60.670, P<0.01), and the cytotoxicity of 131I to MDA-MB-231 cells in the 131I killing groups with 0.20 g/L AuNPs and 0.40 g/L AuNPs ( A570 nm values: 0.87±0.05, 0.41±0.07) was significantly higher than that in the group with 0 g/L AuNPs ( A570 nm=1.39±0.11; both P<0.01). Conclusions:BMSCs, transfected with therapeutic gene Egr1-NIS and incubated with AuNPs, can be used as a carrier to target breast cancer. NIS gene expression of BMSCs-Egr1-NIS was highly promoted in the presence of radioiodine. At the same time, AuNPs can be used as a radiation sensitizer for 131I treatment.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868129

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of COVID-19 on pregnancy outcomes and neonatal prognosis in Hubei Province.Method:s A retrospective comparison of the pregnancy outcomes was done between 16 women with COVID-19 and 45 women without COVID-19. Also, the results of laboratory tests, imaging examinations, and the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) nucleic acid test were performed in 10 cases of neonatal delivered from women with COVID-19.Result:s (1) Of the 16 pregnant women with COVID-19, 15 cases were ordinary type and 1 case was severe type. No one has progressed to critical pneumonia.The delivery method of the two groups was cesarean section, and the gestational age were (38.7±1.4) and (37.9±1.6) weeks,there was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). Also, there wee no significant differences in the intraoperative blood loss and birth weight of the newborn between the two groups (all P>0.05). (2) Ten cases of neonates delivered from pregnant women with COVID-19 were collected. The 2019-nCoV nucleic acid test were all negative.There were no significant differences in fetal distress, meconium-stained amniotic fluid, preterm birth, and neonatal asphyxia between the two groups (all P>0.05).(3) In the treatment of uterine contraction fatigue, carbetocin or carboprost tromethamine was used more in cesarean section for pregnant women with COVID-19 (1.3±0.6), compared with Non-COVID-19 group (0.5±0.7),the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.001). Conclusions:If there is an indication for obstetric surgery or critical illness of COVID-19 in pregnant women, timely termination of pregnancy will not increase the risk of premature birth and asphyxia of the newborn, but it is beneficial to the treatment and rehabilitation of maternal pneumonia. Preventive use of long-acting uterotonic agents could reduce the incidence of postpartum hemorrhage during surgery. 2019-nCoV infection has not been found in neonates delivered from pregnant women with COVID-19.

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