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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776237

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compared the therapeutic effect between filiform fire needle assisted 308 nm excimer laser and simple 308 nm excimer laser on vitiligo of different parts.@*METHODS@#Target lesions of 134 patients were divided into an observation group and a control group according to the principle of self-controlled, 201 pieces in each one. In the observation group, filiform fire needle was performed at target lesions. Then target lesions both of the two groups were irradiated with 308 nm excimer laser at the same time. Once every 2 weeks, totally 10 treatments were required. The effective rate and effective rate, color recovery rate and responding time of different parts in the two groups were evaluated 2 weeks after treatment.@*RESULTS@#The effective rate in the observation group was 82.59% (166/201), which was higher than 68.16% (137/201) in the control group (<0.01). The effective rate of face-neck, trunk, limbs and hand-foot were 90.32%, 81.63%, 81.48% and 58.62% respectively in the observation group, which were higher than 82.80%, 69.39%, 51.85% and 31.03% in the control group (<0.01, <0.05). The color recovery rate of different parts in the observation group was higher than the control group, and the effect was faster in the observation group (<0.01, <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Filiform fire needle as an adjunctive therapy, combined with 308 nm excimer laser are more effective than simple 308 nm excimer laser for vitiligo of different parts. Combination therapy has a shorter responding time, the face-neck has the best effect and hand-foot has poor effect.


Subject(s)
Combined Modality Therapy , Humans , Lasers, Excimer , Neck , Treatment Outcome , Vitiligo , Therapeutics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816289

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the risk factors for peripartum hysterectomy.METHODS: Retrospectively analyze the clinical data of 36 cases of peripartum hysterectomy in Shijiazhuang Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from January2012 to December 2018. The impact factors for peripartum hysterectomy were divided into clinical characteristics and obstetric treatment capacity. The annual rates of peripartum hysterectomy were compared and the risk factors for peripartum hysterectomy were analyzed by multi-factor Logistic regression analysisRESULTS: The indications of 36 cases of peripartum hysterectomy were intractable postpartum hemorrhage. The causes of hysterectomy included placenta implantation,amniotic fluid embolism,uterine atony and secondary infection. The annual rate of peripartum hysterectomy decreased gradually due to the promotion of obstetric treatment capacity. The peripartum hysterectomy rate in 2018 decreased significantly(P<0.001,P<0.001,P=0.004,P=0.009)compared with that of 2012,2013,2014 and 2015. Multifactor Logistic regression analysis showed that cesearen-section scar was a risk factor for peripartum hysterectomy(OR=1.403,P=0.018).CONCLUSION: The severity of disease results in peripartum hysterectomy. The reduction of the peripartum hysterectomy rate lies in the promotion of obstetric treatment capacity,including improving maternal health care,reducing obstetric complications and improving the timely and effective treatment of patients with postpartum hemorrhage.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687334

ABSTRACT

With the growth of number of Chinese patent medicines and clinical use, the rational use of Chinese medicine is becoming more and more serious. Due to the complexity of Chinese medicine theory and the uncertainty of clinical application, the prescription review of Chinese patent medicine always relied on experience in their respective, leading to the uncontrolled of clinical rational use. According to the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory and characteristics of the unique clinical therapeutics, based on the practice experience and expertise comments, our paper formed the expert consensus on the prescription review of Chinese traditional patent medicine for promoting the rational use of drugs in Beijing. The objective, methods and key points of prescription review of Chinese patent medicine, were included in this expert consensus, in order to regulate the behavior of prescription and promote rational drug use.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 939-944, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687005

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Promoter methylation of MGMT and C13ORF18 has been confirmed as a potential biomarker for early diagnosis of cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of MGMT and C13ORF18 promoter methylation for triage of cytology screening samples and explore the potential mechanism.</p><p><b>Methods</b>Methylation-sensitive high-resolution melting was used to detect promoter methylation of MGMT and C13ORF18 in 124 cervical samples. High-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) was detected by the Digene Hybrid Capture 2. Gene methylation frequencies in relation to cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) were analyzed. Frequencies were compared by Chi-square tests. The expression of gene biomarkers and methylation regulators was analyzed by immunohistochemical staining, real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and Western blot.</p><p><b>Results</b>For triage of low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), gene methylation increased specificity from 4.0% of HR-HPV detection to 30.8% of MGMT (χ = 9.873, P = 0.002) and to 50.0% of C13ORF18 (χ = 21.814, P = 0.001). For triage of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance, HR-HPV detection had higher positive predictive value of 54.8%. Either MGMT or C13ORF18 methylation combined with HR-HPV increased the negative predictive value to 100.0% (χ = 9.757, P = 0.002). There was no relationship between MGMT and C13ORF18 expression and DNA methylation (χ = 0.776, P = 0.379 and χ = 1.411, P = 0.235, respectively). MBD2 protein level in cervical cancer was relatively lower than normal cervical tissue (t = 4.11, P = 0.006).</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>HR-HPV detection is the cornerstone for triage setting of CIN. Promoter methylation of MGMT and C13ORF18 plays a limited role in triage of LSIL. Promoter methylation of both genes may not be the causes of gene silence.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia , Genetics , Pathology , Chi-Square Distribution , DNA Methylation , Genetics , DNA Modification Methylases , Genetics , DNA Repair Enzymes , Genetics , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Genetics , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix , Genetics , Pathology , Tumor Suppressor Proteins , Genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Young Adult
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1055-1061, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266862

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the modulator recognition factor 2/AT-rich interaction domain 5B (MRF2/ARID5B) gene located at chromosome 10q21.2 have been shown to be associated with both type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and coronary artery disease in a Japanese cohort. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between these SNPs (rs2893880, rs10740055, rs7087507, rs10761600) and new-onset T2DM and lipid metabolism in a Northern Chinese population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This was a case-control study. The rs2893880, rs10740055, rs7087507, and rs10761600 genetic variants were genotyped by SNPscan and analyzed in relation to T2DM susceptibility in 2000 individuals (999 with newly diagnosed T2DM and 1001 controls without diabetes mellitus). Associations between the MRF2/ARID5B genetic models and T2DM were determined by multivariate logistic regression.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Regarding the rs10740055 SNP, AA was associated with a higher risk of T2DM compared with codominant-type CC (adjusted by sex, age, and body mass index [BMI], P= 0.041, odds ratio [OR] = 1.421, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.014-1.991). Meanwhile, AA individuals were at increased risk of presenting with T2DM compared with individuals with CC or a single C (adjusted by sex, age, and BMI, P= 0.034, OR = 1.366, 95% CI 1.023-1.824). With respect to rs10761600, AT contributed to a higher risk of T2DM compared with AA (adjusted by sex, age, and BMI, P= 0.013, OR = 1.585, 95% CI 1.101-2.282), while TT also increased the risk of presenting with T2DM compared with AA or A (adjusted by sex, age, and BMI, P= 0.004, OR = 1.632, 95% CI 1.166-2.284). High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were significantly different among the three genotypes of rs7087507 in the controls (P = 0.048) (GG>GA).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The present results identified MRF2/ARID5B as a potential susceptibility gene for new-onset T2DM in a Northern Chinese population, while the rs7087507 SNP was associated with HDL-C levels. Further larger studies are required to validate these findings.</p>


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Case-Control Studies , DNA-Binding Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Genetic Association Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetics , Genotype , Humans , Lipid Metabolism , Genetics , Physiology , Odds Ratio , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetics , Transcription Factors , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 533-539, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357966

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Polymorphisms of microRNA (miRNA), as a novel mechanism, are closely associated with disease states by interfering with miRNA function. Direct correlations have been identified between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in miRNA, but the effect on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) onset among Chinese population remains unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify correlations between common SNPs in miR-27a, miR-146a, and miR-124a with T2DM among a Chinese population, as well as to explore diabetic pathological mechanisms and the impact of environmental factors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>SNPscan technology was used to genotype 995 patients newly diagnosed with T2DM and 967 controls. Logistic regression analysis was performed to compare mutation frequencies between cases and controls.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We found no significant correlations between all genotypes of these miRNAs and T2DM in our research. However, stratification analysis identified a lower risk of T2DM associated with the rs531564GC genotype among younger subjects (age < 45 years) (adjusted P = 0.043; odds ratio [OR] = 0.73; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.54-0.99). Furthermore, the rs895819CC genotype in overweight people (24 ≤ body mass index [BMI] < 28) was significantly associated with an increased risk of T2DM (adjusted P = 0.042; OR = 1.73; 95% CI = 1.02-2.94), while the rs2910164 genotype in miR-146a was not significantly correlated with T2DM. The genetic risk score was calculated based on the number of risk alleles of the three SNPs and was found to be correlated to total cholesterol (adjusted P = 0.021).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The rs531564GC genotype acted as a protective factor to decrease the risk of T2DM in younger subjects (age < 45 years), while the presence of the rs895819CC genotype increased the risk of illness among overweight subjects (24 ≤ BMI < 28 kg/m 2 ). The presence of SNPs in miRNA might promote disease by affecting miRNA expression and gene function. Thus, miRNA mimics or inhibitors that directly regulate miRNA expression present novel and promising therapeutic targets.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Alleles , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genetics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Genetics , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetics , Genotype , Humans , Male , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetics , Young Adult
7.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 622-624, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-859790

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To promote Chinese pharmacy education reform, to establish the pharmacy education system which takes the pharmacy professional talents training as the main body. METHODS: Propose the pharmacy reform program by contrast with the training goals, length of schooling, and curriculum of American pharmacy education. RESULTS: Chinese pharmacy higher education should be to training pharmacy professional talents primarily, the length of schooling should be extended from four years to six years, the pharmacotherapy and the clinical pharmacy practice should be add to the curriculum. CONCLUSION: We should training pharmacy professional talents to became patients health protector and medication therapy manager.

8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 766-769, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326424

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect and safety of supplying sodium chloride in the treatment of patients with severe heart failure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Consecutive 51 hospitalized patients with severe heart failure and cardiac edema were included in this study. Normal diet (6 g NaCl/d) was supplied to all patients. On the basis of controlling fluid intake and treating related etiological factors as well as standard medications including furosemide for severe heart failure, patients with mild hyponatremia (serum sodium level 130 - 134 mmol/L) ate additional salted vegetables, patients with moderate hyponatremia (serum sodium level 125 - 129 mmol/L) and severe hyponatremia (serum sodium level < 125 mmol/L) ate additional salted vegetables and were received additionally intravenous 3%NaCl hypertonic saline infusion (10 ml/h) until reaching normal serum sodium level.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>On admission, 37.25% (19/51) patients had hyponatremia. During the first two weeks hospitalization period, 88.24% (45/51) patients were treated with intravenous diuretics and total incidence of hyponatremia was 64.71% (33/51), mild hyponatremia was 50.98% (26/51), middle and severe hyponatremia was 13.73% (7/51); among them, hyponatremia lasted less than 3 d in 57.58% (19/33) patients and ≥ 3 d in 42.42% (14/33) patients. Heart failure exacerbation and hypernatremia were not observed in patients receiving additional sodium chloride therapy. Hospitalization time was similar among patients with different blood natrium levels [average (16 ± 12) d]. Fifty out of 51 (98%) patients discharged from the hospital with improved heart failure symptoms and signs.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Supplying additional sodium chloride could rapid correct hyponatremia in heart failure patients with or without intravenous diuretics therapy which might contribute to a favorable prognosis in hospitalized heart failure patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Heart Failure , Drug Therapy , Humans , Hyponatremia , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Sodium Chloride , Therapeutic Uses , Sodium Chloride, Dietary
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