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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879050

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents from aerial parts of Glycyrrhiza uralensis were analyzed and identified using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with hybrid quadrupole-orbitrap mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap-MS). The chromatographic column of Waters Acquity UPLC BEH-C_(18)(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) was adopted, with acetonitrile-water(0.5% formic acid) as mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.2 mL·min~(-1). Data was collected in positive and negative modes of electrospray ionization(ESI). A total of 55 compounds, including 42 flavonoids, 9 stilbenes, 2 coumarins, 1 lignin and 1 phenolic acid, which were characterized in the aerial parts of G. uralensis based on accurate molecular mass information of molecular and product ions provided by UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap-MS based on comparison with standard substances and references. It is an effective and accurate method to provide chemical information of constituents in aerial parts of G. uralensis, and can provide a reference for further study on pharmacodynamic material basis and resources development and utilization.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhiza uralensis , Mass Spectrometry , Plant Components, Aerial
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776613

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) in chronic constrictive injury (CCI) rat model and the expression of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor type 2B (NR2B) in ipsilateral spinal dorsal horn in rats to explore the analgesic mechanisms of EA.@*METHODS@#According to the random number table, totally 180 rats were evenly divided into a sham group, a CCI group, and an EA group. CCI model was conducted with four 4-0 chromic gut ligatures loosely ligated around the left sciatic nerve 1 cm above the trifurcation. Rats in the EA group received 2 Hz EA therapy bilaterally at acupoints of Zusanli (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) once daily (30 min/d) for 30 days after surgery. Paw withdrawal thresholds (PWTs) were measured on 0 (baseline), 1, 3, 7, 15, 30 days after surgery. Rats were sacrificed on 0, 1, 3, 7, 15 and 30 days after surgery, and the L4-5 segments of spinal cord were removed to detect the expression of NR2B by immunohistochemistry and quantitative polymerase chain reaction.@*RESULTS@#PWTs in the CCI group were significantly lower than the sham group at Day 1-30 after surgery, and reached its lowest at Day 1 (P<0.01). After EA treatment, the PWTs recovered rapidly and were significantly higher than those in the CCI group on 3, 7, 15 and 30 days after surgery (P<0.01). The numbers of NR2B-immunoreactive cells of the CCI group significantly increased after CCI surgery compared with the sham group (P<0.01). Compared with the CCI group, stimulation of EA markedly decreased the numbers of NR2B-immunoreactive cells at Day 3, 7, 15 and 30 (P<0.05). In the sham group, NR2B mRNA was expressed at a low level. It increased after CCI surgery, which increased rapidly at Day 7 (P<0.01) and reached its peak value at Day 15 (P<0.01). After EA stimulation, relative quantity of NR2B mRNA expression was less than that in the CCI group at Day 15 and 30 (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Low frequency of EA had antinociceptive effect in CCI rat model. The analgesic effects of EA might be through the inhibition of NR2B.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 652-655, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695271

ABSTRACT

·At present, the orbital wall fracture is a very common facial trauma. The orbital contents are often incarcerated in the fracture cracks resulting in changes in the orbital eye position, then can bring a lifetime of diplopia and enophthalmos,which greatly affects the visual acuity and facial appearance. The purpose of repairing of orbital fracture is reconstructing orbital wall, repairing defect to correct eye position, avoiding enophthalmos and recovering visual function. The review will provide a comprehensive overview of orbital fracture reconstruction.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771582

ABSTRACT

Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem high-resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-HR-MSn ) method was used to analyze the constituents of Fufang Gancao Tablets and its main metabolites in rat plasma. Rat plasma was collected both before and after oral administration of Fufang Gancao Tablets. After solid phase extraction, ACQUITY UHPLC BEH C₁₈ (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) was used with 0.1% formic acid-acetonitrile solution as the mobile phase for gradient elution. The chemical components in Fufang Gancao Tablets and their prototypes and metabolites in plasma samples were analyzed by LTQ-Orbitrap equipped with an ESI ion source in a positive ion mode. Based on the accurate mass measurements, the retention time and mass fragmentation patterns, a total of 55 compounds were tentatively identified from Fufang Gancao Tablets, including 42 flavonoids, 9 triterpenes and 4 alkaloids. Furthermore, metabolites in rat plasma after oral administration of Fufang Gancao Tablets were also analyzed. A total of 26 compounds were identified, including 20 prototypes and 6 metabolites mainly through metabolic pathways of hydroxylation, glucuronide conjugation, and sulfate conjugation, etc. Our results showed that the ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with linear ion trap quadrupole Orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap) could comprehensively elucidate the chemical constituents of Fufang Gancao Tablets and their migrating components in rat plasma, providing scientific basis for further studying the metabolism process and pharmacodynamic substance of Fufang Gancao Tablets.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Rats , Tablets , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232488

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the osteogenic differentiation potential and osteoclast capacity between stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) in the physiological root resorption period and dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>SHED and DPSCs were isolated, purified and cultured in vitro. The two stem cells were examined with ALP staining at 14 days and with alizarin red staining at 21 days of osteogenic induction, and the expressions of the genes associated with osteogenesis and osteoclastogenesis were detected using real-time PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The isolated SHED and DPSCs both showed an elongate spindle-shaped morphology. After osteogenic induction of the cells, Alizarin red staining visualized a greater number of mineralized nodules in SHED than in DPSCs (P<0.05), and SHED also exhibited a stronger ALP activity than DPSCs (P<0.05). RT-PCR test results showed that the two stem cells expressed RANKL,OCN, ALP, OPG and Runx2 mRNA after osteogenic induction, but the expression levels of Runx2, OCN and ALP were lower in DPSCs than in SHED (P<0.05), and the ratio of RANKL/OPG was significantly higher in SHED (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Compared with DPSCs, SHED has not only the ability of osteogenic differentiation but also an osteoclast capacity, which sheds light on the regulatory role of SHED in physiological root resorption bone remodeling.</p>


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit , Metabolism , Dental Pulp , Cell Biology , Humans , Osteoclasts , Cell Biology , Osteogenesis , Osteopontin , Metabolism , RANK Ligand , Metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Tooth, Deciduous , Cell Biology
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636394

ABSTRACT

The effects of Tip-Edge plus appliance in the treatment of Angle II(1) malocclusion and the mechanism were investigated. Fifty-two Angle II(1) children, aged from 12.3-14.2 years, with mandibular retrusion in permanent dentition were selected and treated with Tip-Edge plus appliance. Lateral cephalometric films taken before and after treatment were analyzed. The arithmetic mean and standard deviation were calculated for each variable. Paired t-test was performed to evaluate the significant treatment change. Results showed that the average treatment time was 16 months. Normal overjet and overbite were established with retroclination of upper incisors and proclination of lower incisors. U1-NA was decreased by 15.4° (P<0.01). ANB and Y axial angle were decreased significantly (P<0.05). Soft tissue measurements showed that FCA and UL-E were decreased dramatically (P<0.05), and LL-E was increased significantly (P<0.05). Remarkable soft tissue change was noted after the treatment and convex facial profile changed to the straight profile. In conclusion, Tip-Edge plus technique can quickly and efficiently correct anterior bite and lateral outlook.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251376

ABSTRACT

The effects of Tip-Edge plus appliance in the treatment of Angle II(1) malocclusion and the mechanism were investigated. Fifty-two Angle II(1) children, aged from 12.3-14.2 years, with mandibular retrusion in permanent dentition were selected and treated with Tip-Edge plus appliance. Lateral cephalometric films taken before and after treatment were analyzed. The arithmetic mean and standard deviation were calculated for each variable. Paired t-test was performed to evaluate the significant treatment change. Results showed that the average treatment time was 16 months. Normal overjet and overbite were established with retroclination of upper incisors and proclination of lower incisors. U1-NA was decreased by 15.4° (P<0.01). ANB and Y axial angle were decreased significantly (P<0.05). Soft tissue measurements showed that FCA and UL-E were decreased dramatically (P<0.05), and LL-E was increased significantly (P<0.05). Remarkable soft tissue change was noted after the treatment and convex facial profile changed to the straight profile. In conclusion, Tip-Edge plus technique can quickly and efficiently correct anterior bite and lateral outlook.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Malocclusion, Angle Class II , Therapeutics , Orthodontic Appliances
8.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 214-220, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281628

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the soft and hard tissue changes in Class II division 1 patients treated with Tip-Edge plus technique.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixteen Class II division 1 patients (7 boys and 9 girls) with mandibular retrusion in permanent dentition were selected and treated with Tip-Edge plus appliance. Lateral cephalometric films were analyzed before and after treatment. The effects were evaluated with Holdaway soft tissues analysis and routine cephalometric analysis methods. The arithmetic mean and standard deviation were calculated for each variable. Paired t-test was performed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average treatment time was 16 months. Normal overjet and overbite were established with retroclination of upper incisors and proclination of lower incisors. U1-NA(°) and U1-NA (mm) decreaed by (15.40 ± 5.31)° and (4.16 ± 1.82) mm (P < 0.01). NLA showed an average increase of (-16.60 ± 5.29)° (P < 0.01). Remarkable soft tissue change was noted after the treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The profile in Class II division 1 patients could be quickly and efficiently improved after treatment with Tip-Edge plus technique.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Cephalometry , Child , Esthetics, Dental , Female , Humans , Male , Malocclusion, Angle Class II , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Orthodontic Wires , Orthodontics, Corrective , Methods , Radiography, Panoramic
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235162

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the value of multiprobe fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) panel in the diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The multiprobe AML/MDS panel comprising 8 different FISH probes for AML1/ETO transfusion gene, PML-RARα transfusion gene, CBFβ/MYH11 transfusion gene, MLL breakapart, P53 deletion, Del(5q), -7/Del(7q), and Del(20q) was tested in 40 cases of AML, and the results were compared with those by conventional cytogenetic G-banding (CCG) test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>With multiprobe FISH panel, 22 of the 40 AML cases were found to carry 7 types of cytogenetic abnormalities, namely AML1/ETO transfusion gene, PML-RARα transfusion gene, MLL breakapart, P53 deletion, Del(5q), -7/Del(7q) and trisomy 8. The positive ratio of the multiprobe FISH was 57.5%. CCG only identified 8 cases with the corresponding cytogenetic abnormalities and 3 cases with other cytogenetic abnormalities, and the positive ratio was only 27.50%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Mutiprobe FISH panel is more rapid, accurate and effective than CCG in the diagnosis of AML.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , DNA Probes , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Methods , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355075

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To examine whether human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (hPDLF) express neural growth factor (NGF).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PC12 cells were cultured in hPDLF-conditioned medium to evaluate the secretion of NGF by hPDLF.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>hPDLF-conditioned medium resulted in neuronal differentiation and neurite outgrowth from PC12 cells. Only a small percentage of the cells grown in anti-NGF antiserum and DMEM expressed neuritis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>hPDLF are capable of synthesizing NGF and secreting it into the medium as the signaling molecules for innervation during the healing of the periodontal tissue.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Culture Media, Conditioned , Pharmacology , Fibroblasts , Cell Biology , Humans , Neurons , Cell Biology , PC12 Cells , Periodontal Ligament , Cell Biology , Periodontium , Cell Biology , Pheochromocytoma , Pathology , Rats
11.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 100-103, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263447

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To clinically investigate the results of unilateral extraction in the treatment of special moderate crowding cases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>22 patients with harmonic profile and moderate crowding were selected and treated by unilateral extraction with Edgewise technique. The patients crowding was 6 - 9 mm and focused on one side of the arch. 22 patients with moderate crowding were treated by bilateral extraction as control.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>22 patients have been treated successfully within 18 months. Crowding was completely resolved. Midline coincidence was basically maintained.Good intercuspation was achieved. There is no significant difference in dental arch symmetry between unilateral extraction and bilateral extraction (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Unilateral extraction can be successful in the treatment of special moderate crowding cases.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Malocclusion , Therapeutics , Orthodontics, Corrective , Tooth Extraction
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