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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796404

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the influence of different variable combinations of the carrying system on gait and muscle fatigue during weight-bearing walking on both shoulders and back, and to optimize daily carrying experience.@*Methods@#From September to December, 2018, 6 male college students were selected as subjects; the electromyographic signal of the anterior tibial muscle and plantar pressure were measured during weight-bearing walking under six different variable combinations of the carrying system (with the three variables of gravity center, single or double shoulders, and waist cushion), and a subjective evaluation test was performed for the degree of fatigue. The electromyographic data and plantar pressure data were processed and compared to evaluate behavior and fatigue.@*Results@#Different variable combinations of the carrying system had significant influence on the degree of fatigue and gait (P<0.05). Both subjective and objective analyses found that the carrying system with different heights of gravity center and single-or double-shoulder carrying mode had great influence on human fatigue and walking gait, while the hardness of waist cushion had little influence. Compared with the other groups, the group with a high gravity center, a double-shoulder carrying mode, and a soft waist cushion had a significantly smaller slope of average electromyographic amplitude, a significantly larger slope of median frequency, and a significantly lower degree of plantar pressure curve disorder.@*Conclusion@#The carrying system with a relatively high gravity center, a double-shoulder carrying mode, and a soft waist cushion can significantly relieve fatigue, with low influence on walking gait.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807322

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate surface electromyography signal (sEMG) of the major back muscle group and subjective fatigue assessment under different experimental combinations during walk with weight on both shoulders, as well as the functional status and fatigue property of human muscles.@*Methods@#From October to December, 2017, 10 college students were recruited to participate in shoulder weight-bearing work and walk under the combinations of different shoulder strap widths, weights, and hardness of waist cushion. The subjects were required to complete 12 sets of experiments, with each set lasting for 15 minutes, and the rest time between work was 30 minutes. The sEMG signals of the upper trapezius and the erector spinae were measured during the experiment, and subjective fatigue assessment was performed during rest. The time domain evaluation index (average amplitude, aEMG) , the frequency domain evaluation index (median frequency, MF) , and the data of subjective assessment were processed and analyzed.@*Results@#Weight and shoulder strap width had a significantly effect on fatigue (P<0.01) , and the change in the hardness of waist cushion had no significant effect on fatigue (P>0.05) . There was an interaction effect between weight and shoulder strap width (P<0.01) , and there was no interaction effect between weight, shoulder strap width, and hardness of waist cushion (P>0.05) . For the backpack carrying system, the combination of 10% weight and 50 mm shoulder strap width was the best one for relieving fatigue. The subjective test also showed that subjective feelings of muscle fatigue were associated with the weight and width, which was consistent with sEMG results.@*Conclusion@#The results of this experiment show that the combination of 10% weight and 50 mm shoulder strap width can help to relieve muscle fatigue during walk with weight on both shoulders, and weight-bearing walking is more likely to cause the fatigue of the erector spinae.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707776

ABSTRACT

Objective To access the influence factors of diagnostic delay of endometriosis. Methods We designed a questionnaire of diagnostic delay of endometriosis. From February 2014 to February 2016,400 patients who had dysmenorrhea and diagnosed with endometriosis by surgery in Peking University Third Hospital were surveyed retrospectively. Time and risk factors of diagnostic delay were analyzed.Results The diagnostic delay of 400 patients was 13.0 years(0.2-43.0 years),78.5%(314/400) patients thought pain was a normal phenomenon and didn′ t see the doctor. Patients who suffered dysmenorrhea at menarche experienced longer diagnostic delay than those who had dysmenorrhea after menarche(18.0 vs 4.5 years;Z=191.800,P<0.01).Patients who suffered aggravating dysmenorrhea experienced shorter delay time than those who suffered stable or relieving dysmenorrhea(11.0 vs 12.5 vs 18.0 years;Z=8.270, P<0.05), with the difference statistically significant, single factor analysis shows. Severe dysmenorrhea, deep infiltration endometriosis(DIE), family history of dysmenorrhea or endometriosis, previous surgical history of endometriosis,high stage,with infertility,adenomyoma or other symptoms,could help to shorten diagnostic delay with no significant difference(P>0.05). By multiple logistic regression analysis,the results shown that whether have dysmenorrhea at menarche and clinical diagnosis time were the independent factors affecting delayed diagnosis(P<0.01).Conclusions Diagnostic delay of endometriosis is common and the mean delay time is 13.0 years mainly due to the unawareness of dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhea at menarche,clinical diagnosis time and dysmenorrhea intensity are the factors affecting time of diagnostic delay.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706805

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of miRNA-34b/c-5p on the expression of neurokinin 1 receptor-truncated(NK1R-Tr)in breast cancer and the effect of miRNA-34b/c-5p and NK1R-Tr on the migration and invasion abilities of breast cancer cells.Methods:Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR(RT-PCR)was used to detect the expression of miRNA-34b/c-5p and NK1R-Tr in 50 breast can-cer specimens that were collected at Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute&Hospital from February to May 2013.Western blot analysis was performed to detect the expression of miRNA-34b/c-5p and NK1R-Tr in breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7. Scratch and Transwell assays were carried out to explore the effects of miRNA-34b/c-5p and NK1R-Tr on the migration and invasion abilities of MDA-MB-231 cells.Results:The expression of miRNA-34b/c-5p and NK1R-Tr in breast cancer tissues and cells were signifi-cantly negatively correlated.The relative expression of NK1R-Tr in breast cancer patients with lymph node metastasis was 5.75,and the relative expression of NK1R-Tr in patients with non-lymph node metastasis was 4.29.The relative expression was significantly dif-ferent between the two groups(P=0.026).Overexpression of miRNA-34b/c-5p and knockdown of NK1R-Tr could significantly inhibit the migration and invasion abilities of MDA-MB-231 cells(all P<0.001).Conclusions:The expression of miRNA-34b/c-5p and NK1R-Tr was significantly negatively correlated.MiRNA-34b/c-5p and NK1R-Tr might be potential therapeutic targets for inhibiting the invasion of breast cancer cells.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613470

ABSTRACT

We reported two cases of pelvic retroperitoneal schwannomawe occurred in the young unmarried female successfully resected by laparoscopic surgery.One was a 16-year-old girl presented with secondary amenorrhea.Ultrasound and MRI found the existence of an ovarian cystic and solid mass,5.3 cm × 4.5 cm in size.Laparoscopic exploration found pelvic mass completely located in the left retroperitoneal obturator fossa and complicated with rudimentary horn of the uterus.The other was a 25-year-old female and asymptomatic.Ultrasound showed a mass in the right ovary.During operation a pelvic mass was discovered in the anterior of right sacral retroperitoneum,8 cm× 6 cm in size.Two cases of retroperitoneal lesions were preoperatively misdiagnosed as ovarian mass and had densely adhered to the surrounding tissues.Histopathologic examinations confirmed to be benign schwannoma and resected radically by laparoscopy without any complications.The operation time was 120 min and 166 min,respectively.The intraoperative bleeding was 150 ml and 600 ml,respectively.The S-100 protein on pathological immunohistochemistry showed strong positivity.We deem that laparoscopic resection is necessary for diagnosis and treatment of pelvic retroperitoneal schwannomawe,being safe and effective.Complete excision is benefical to prevent recurrence.

6.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 1409-1413, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506453

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the regulation of estrogen receptor α (ERα) on truncated neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1R-Tr), and the influence of this regulation on cell proliferation in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cell lines. Methods The chromatin immune coprecipitation (CHIP) was used to observe the transcriptional regulation function of ERαon NK1R-Tr in breast cancer cells. Luciferase reporter gene assay was used to verify whether ERα played a positive regulatory role in the expression of NK1R-Tr. Western blot assay and real-time-PCR were used to detect the expression of ERα and NK1R-Tr in breast cancer cells, MCF-7 and T47D, as well as the expression of NK1R-Tr protein and mRNA level. NK1R-Tr levels were also detected after using estradiol (E2, ERα agonist) and small interfering RNA (knock out ERα). CCK-8 and clone formation experimen were used to detect the proliferation ability of breast cancer cells after knocking out NK1R-Tr with small interfering RNAs. Results CHIP test and Luciferase reporter gene assay proved that ERα can positively regulate the expression of NK1R-Tr via the ERα sequences in the upstream of the NK1R-Tr gene promoter. The expression of NK1R-Tr at both protein level and mRNA level dropped in the estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cell line MCF-7 upon knocking out ERα. After knocking out NK1R-Tr, the proliferation ability of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cells was lower than that of the control group. Conclusion The ERα positively regulates the expression of NK1R-Tr, resulting in the increased cell proliferation in estrogen positive breast cancer cells.

7.
China Oncology ; (12): 144-146, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403664

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose: Systemic reports about the prognosis of patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) of stage T_(1-3a)N_0M_0 combined with inflammatory enlargement of hilar lymph nodes have not been observed in the literature. This study was to investigate the prognostic role of inflammatory enlargement of hilar lymph nodes in the patients with RCC of stage T_(1-3a)N_0M_0 and its association with clinical features. Methods; Forty-nine patients with RCC of stage T_(1-3a)N_0M_0 combined with inflammatory enlargement of hilar lymph nodes were reviewed and all these patients underwent radical nephrectomy from January 1995 to January 2000. Results: The duration of follow-up was 8-14 years with the average of 7.5 years. Seven patients were lost to follow-up. Seventeen patients without RCC and four with RCC metastases are alive at present. Eighteen patients died of RCC relatad complications and three died of cerebro-cardiovascular disease. Metastases occurred in twenty-two patients one year after surgery. The 5- and 10- year survival rates were 53.1% and 42.9%, respectively. Conclusion: Most of the enlarged hilar lymph nodes in RCC were diagnosed as lymphadenitis. The rate of inflammatory enlargement of hilar lymph nodes in the long-term survival patients with RCC of stage T_(1-3a)N_0M_0 were comparatively low. Regional lymphadenectomy or resection of enlarged inflammatory lymph nodes could not protect the patients from metastasis completely. It is advised that limited lymphadenectomy with resection of enlarged inflammatory lymph nodes should be performed for the patients in RCC combined only with inflammatory enlargement of hilar lymph nodes.

8.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 272-273, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472518

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of haploidentical lymphocyte infusion on refractory and relapse acute leukemia. Methods The haploidentical donor lymphocyte infusion was used to treat for relapse acute myeloid leukemia 3 patients (M2 2 eases, M4 lcase), one relapse acute lymphocyte leukemia from April 2006 to October 2007. Four cases who had accepted secondly regimens were ineffective,after relapse. Collecting donor lymphocytes, parents children as donor supply in 3 cases, mother as donor supply one case. Before donor lymphocyte infusion patients received chemotherapy of different regimens. Donor haploidentical iymphocytes irradiated by 6-8 Gy radial were infused when patients white cell count was at the lowest after the chemotherapy. The average of infusion cells was 2.3 (1.4-3.1)×108/kg. Results One patient acquired complete remission and two patients were effective in three relapse acute myeloid leukemia. It was ineffective in relapse acute lymphocyte leukemia. No transfusion related graft versus host disease was observed. One patient has had herpes zoster virus infection. Conclusion Haploidentical donor lymphocyte infusion with chemotherapy are effective for refractory and relapse in acute myeloid leukemia, but the infused cell quantity and irradiated dosage must be further discussed.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-585291

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the clinical value of color doppler sonography in the evaluation of effects of uterine artery embolization(UAE) for the treatment of uterine fibroid.Methods Twentythree patients with symptomatic uterine fibroid were given transvaginal color Doppler sonography before and 1~7 days,1~3 months and 6~12 months after the UAE.Measurements of the uterus,myomas,and resistance index(RI) of the uterine artery were obtained. Results Out of 21 patients examined at 1~7 days after UAE,the uterus volume increased by a mean of 10% in 7 patients(4%~63%) and decreased by a mean of 21% in 14 patients(1%~67%) with the dominant myoma decreased by 24% in size(1%~56%).In 21 patients examined at 1~3 months after embolization,the uterus and dominant myoma decreased in size by 53%(24%~82%) and 47%(6%~88%),respectively.In 19 patients examined at 6~12 months,the uterus and myoma decreased in size by 66%(5%~91%) and 71%(32%~99%),respectively.Vessels inside and surrounding the myoma remarkably diminished or completely disappeared after embolization.No statistically significant changes in uterine artery RI were noted before and after UAE(F=0.47,P=0.70).Symptomatic improvements were achieved in 87% of patients(20/23) at 1 year after UAE. Conclusions UAE for the treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroid is safe and effective.Color Doppler sonography can evaluate the effect of UAE by means of measuring the volume of the uterus and myoma and the hemodynamic changes of the uterine artery before and after embolization.

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