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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 584-591, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993235

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of estimated dose of radiation to immune cells (EDRIC) on overall survival (OS), local progression-free survival (LPFS) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) in limited-stage small-cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) with different tumor burdens.Methods:Clinical data of 216 patients with LS-SCLC who initially received conventional fractionated radiotherapy of the chest for radical treatment in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital from 2013 to 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. EDRIC was calculated based on the model developed by Jin et al. and tumor burdens were assessed by gross tumor volume (GTV) or clinical stage. The study endpoints were OS, LPFS and DMFS, which were calculated from the date of diagnosis. The optimal cut-off value of EDRIC was calculated by R language. The correlation between EDRIC and tumor burdens was analyzed using Spearman's correlations. Survival analysis was performed by Cox proportional hazards regression model and Kaplan-Meier curve. Results:The median follow-up time for the whole group was 47.8 months, and the median OS and DMFS was 34.6 months and 18.5 months, respectively, while the median LPFS did not reach. The optimal cut-off value of EDRIC was 6.8 Gy. Cox multivariate analysis showed that EDRIC was an independent prognostic factor affecting OS and DMFS. EDRIC was weakly correlated with GTV or clinical stage. Stratified by the median GTV, OS ( P=0.021) and DMFS ( P=0.030) were significantly shortened and LPFS had a tendency of shortening ( P=0.107) when EDRIC>6.8 Gy compared with those when EDRIC ≤ 6.8 Gy in the GTV ≤ 34.6 cm 3 group; EDRIC had little effect on OS, LPFS, and DMFS ( P=0.133, 0.420, 0.374) in the GTV>34.6 cm 3 group. Stratified by clinical stage, OS ( P=0.003) and DMFS ( P=0.032) were significantly shortened and LPFS ( P=0.125) tended to shorten when EDRIC>6.8 Gy in stage I, II and IIIA groups; EDRIC exerted slight effect on OS, LPFS, and DMFS ( P=0.377, 0.439, 0.484) in stage IIIB and IIIC groups. Conclusion:EDRIC is an important factor affecting prognosis and exerts more significant impact on prognosis in patients with smaller tumor burden.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 93-98, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the radiation dose and fractionation regimens for limited stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) in Chinese radiation oncologists.Methods:Over 500 radiation oncologists were surveyed through questionnaire for radiation dose and fractionation regimens for LS-SCLC and 216 valid samples were collected for further analysis. All data were collected by online questionnaire designed by WJX software. Data collection and statistical analysis were performed by SPSS 25.0 statistical software. The differences in categorical variables among different groups were analyzed by Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test. Results:Among 216 participants, 94.9% preferred early concurrent chemoradiotherapy, 69.4% recommended conventional fractionation, 70.8% preferred a total dose of 60 Gy when delivering conventional radiotherapy and 78.7% recommended 45 Gy when administering hyperfractionated radiotherapy.Conclusions:Despite differences in LS-SCLC treatment plans, most of Chinese radiation oncologists prefer to choose 60 Gy conventional fractionated radiotherapy as the main treatment strategy for LS-SCLC patients. Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO), National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and Chinese Medical Association guidelines or expert consensus play a critical role in guiding treatment decision-making.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 891-896, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956928

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate whether whole brain radiation therapy(WBRT) could benefit small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients with brain metastases.Methods:Clinical data of 245 patients who were diagnosed with extensive stage SCLC with brain metastases admitted to our hospital from 2010 to 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 168 patients received WRBT (WBRT group, radiation dose: 30Gy in 10 fractions), and 77 patients did not receive WBRT (non-WBRT group). All patients received 4-6 cycles of chemotherapy, and the chemotherapy regimen included cisplatin (or carboplatin) plus etoposide. One hundred and fifteen patients received thoracic radiotherapy. The endpoint was overall survival after brain metastases(BM-OS). Chi-square test was used to compare categorical data, and stabilized inverse probability of treatment weighting(sIPTW) was used to match the factors between WBRT and no-WBRT groups. Survival analysis was estimated by Kaplan-Meier method, and the log-rank test was used to compare survival curves between two groups. Results:The median BM-OS for the whole group of patients was 9.1 months, and 10.6 months and 6.7 months in the WBRT and non-WBRT groups, respectively( P=0.003). After balanced influencing factors with stabilized sIPTW, significant difference still existed in BM-OS between two groups( P=0.02). In 118 patients with synchronous brain metastases, the median BM-OS in two groups were 13.0 months and 9.6 months( P=0.007); and in 127 patients with metachronous brain metastases, the median BM-OS were 8.0 months and 4.1 months( P=0.003). In 50 patients without extracranial metastases, the median BM-OS were 13.3 months and 10.9 months( P=0.259)in two groups; while in 195 patients with extracranial metastases, the median BM-OS were 9.5 months and 5.9 months( P=0.009)in two groups. Conclusions:WBRT could prolong the OS in extensive stage SCLC patients with brain metastases.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 698-703, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956898

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential of dosiomics in predicting the incidence of radiation pneumonitis by extracting dosiomic features of definitive radiotherapy for lung cancer, and building a machine learning model.Methods:The clinical data, dose files of radiotherapy, planning CT and follow-up CT of 314 patients with lung cancer undergoing definitive radiotherapy were collected retrospectively. According to the clinical data and follow-up CT, the radiation pneumonia was graded, and the dosiomic features of the whole lung were extracted to establish a machine learning model. Dosiomic features associated with radiation pneumonia by LASSO-LR with 1000 bootstrap and AIC backward method with 1000 bootstraps were selected. Training cohort and validation cohort were randomly divided on the basis of 7:3.Logistic regression was used to establish the prediction model, and ROC curve and calibration curve were adopted to evaluate the performance of the model.Results:A total of 120 dosiomic features were extracted. After LASSO-LR dimensionality reduction, 12 features were selected into the "feature pool".After AIC, 6 dosiomic features were finally selected for model construction. The AUC of training cohort was 0.77(95% CI: 0.65 to 0.87), and the AUC of validation cohort was 0.72 (95% CI: 0.64 to 0.81). Conclusion:The dosiomics prediction model has the potential to predict the incidence of radiation pneumonia, but it still needs to include multicenter data and prospective data.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 334-339, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932672

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of thoracic radiotherapy in the treatment of patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) with different metastatic sites.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed among 830 ES-SCLC patients who were admitted to our hospital from 2010 to 2019. They all received the first-line chemotherapy and had no progression after chemotherapy. 341 patients of them received thoracic radiotherapy after chemotherapy. The main endpoint was overall survival. The Chi-square test was used to compare the categorical data including gender and age, etc. Univariate survival analysis was estimated by Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test was used to compare the survival curves between two groups. A multivariate prognostic analysis was made by the Cox proportional hazard model.Results:In all the patients, the overall survival (OS) was 12.4 months. The patients with thoracic radiotherapy had significantly higher OS than the patients without thoracic radiotherapy (15.2 months vs.10.8 months, P<0.001). Thoracic radiotherapy significantly improved the OS in patients without liver metastasis (16.0 months vs.11.4 months, P<0.001) in the oligometastatic patients. But for the oligometastatic patients with liver metastasis, the OS benefit was not significant (14.2 months vs. 10.6 months, P=0.072). For polymetastatic patients without liver metastasis, thoracic radiotherapy offered significant OS benefits (14.5 months vs.10.9 months, P<0.001), but for the polymetastatic patients with liver metastasis, the OS was not improved with thoracic radiotherapy (10.2 months vs.9.2 months, P=0.715). Conclusions:In ES-SCLC patients, thoracic radiotherapy provides significant OS benefits in patients with oligometastases ES-SCLC without liver metastasis and for the liver metastatic patients may also benefit from thoracic radiotherapy based on the effectiveness of chemotherapy. In patients with multiple metastases, thoracic radiotherapy only improves the OS in patients without liver metastasis, but does not improve the prognosis in patients with liver metastasis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 23-28, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884525

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the 5-year survival outcome of patients with unresectable locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with Endostar in combination with platinum-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy.Methods:From March 2009 to June 2015, 115 patients with the unresectable locally advanced NSCLC from two prospective studies[Clinical trials 2009-2012(ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01894) and 2012-2015(ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01733589)] were treated with Endostar in combination with platinum-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy. A total dose of 60-66 Gy was delivered in 30-33 fractions. Endostar was given 1 week prior to the beginning of radiotherapy, and repeated fortnightly during the concurrent chemoradiotherapy. After long-term follow up, survival outcome was evaluated in 104 patients treated with radiation dose of ≥60 Gy. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Univariate survival analysis was performed using the log-rank test.Results:Of 104 eligible patients, 60.6% of them had squamous carcinoma and 65.4% were classified in stage Ⅲ B. All the patients received ≥2 cycles of Endostar and 93.3% of them received 4 cycles of Endostar. The median follow-up time was 68.3 months. The median overall survival (OS) and median progression-free survival (PFS) were 31.3 and 13.9 months, respectively. The 3-year and 5-year OS were 45.6% and 35.7%, respectively. The 3-year and 5-year PFS were 27.1% and 24.9%, respectively. Univariate analysis indicated that sex, ECOG, pathological type, clinical stage, radiotherapy technique, chemotherapy regimen, chemotherapy cycle and cycle of Endostar use were not associated with OS. Late radiation injury occurred in 14.4% of patients, and no grade 4-5 late injury was observed. Conclusion:Patients with unresectable locally advanced NSCLC treated with Endostar fortnightly in combination with platinum-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy achieve better OS than historical data with tolerable toxicities.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 1111-1116, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910523

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and explore the common radiomics features of radiation pneumonitis (RP) in patients with lung cancer and esophageal cancer, and then establish a prediction model that can predict the occurrence of RP in two types of cancer after radiotherapy.Methods:Clinical data of 100 patients with stage Ⅲ lung cancer and 100 patients with stage Ⅲ esophageal cancer who received radical radiotherapy were retrospectively analyzed. The RP was graded by imaging data and clinical information during follow-up, and the planning CT images were collected. The whole lung was used as the volume of interest to extract radiomics features. The radiomics features, clinical and dosimetric parameters related to RP were analyzed, and the model was constructed by machine learning.Results:A total of 1691 radiomics features were extracted from CT images. After ANOVA and LASSO dimensionality reduction in lung cancer and esophageal cancer patients, 8 and 6 radiomics features associated with RP were identified, and 5 of them were the same. Using the random forest to construct the prediction model, lung cancer and esophageal cancer were alternately used as the training and validation sets. The AUC values of esophageal cancer and lung cancer as the independent validation set were 0.662 and 0.645.Conclusions:It is feasible to construct a common prediction model of RP in patients with lung cancer and esophageal cancer. Nevertheless, it is necessary to further expand the sample size and include clinical and dosimetric parameters to increase its accuracy, stability and generalization ability.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 1002-1006, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910504

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the survival outcome and toxicity of hypofractionated radiotherapy (45 Gy/15f) in patients with locally advanced/advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who are ineligible for conventional fractionated radiotherapy.Methods:The early efficacy, survival and toxicity of inoperable patients ( n=64) with locally advanced/advanced NSCLC patients admitted to Cancer Hospital of Tianjin Medical University from 2014 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Hypofractionated radiotherapy (45 Gy/15f) were performed by using intensity-modulated radiotherapy or volumetric-modulated arc therapy technologies on Pinnacle 9 planning system. Results:The median follow-up time was 26 months. The early efficacy was available in 58 patients: complete response for 2 cases (3%), partial response for 22(38%), stable disease for 28(44%) and progressive disease for 6(9%), respectively. The local control rate was 90%. The median time to progression (TTP) and the median overall survival (OS) for all patients was 8.2 months and 21.0 months, respectively. The 1-, 2-and 3-year TTP rate was 37%, 28%, 14% and the OS rate was 66%, 43% and 27%, respectively. The incidence of esophagitis was 17%( n=11), 19%( n=12) for radiation pneumonitis and 20%( n=13) for myelosuppression. No grade ≥3 esophagitis or pneumonia was found. Conclusion:Hypofractionated radiotherapy (45 Gy/15f) is efficacious and safe for patients with locally advanced/advanced NSCLC, which yields controllable adverse events.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 671-675, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910447

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of concurrent chemoradiotherapy in the treatment of limited-stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) and the impact of the number of chemotherapy cycle during radiotherapy (RT) on clinical prognosis.Methods:Patients with LS-SCLC treated with definitive radiotherapy from May, 2008 to September, 2016 were included in the study. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS), which was calculated from the start of treatment to the date of death or last follow-up. The effect of the number of concurrent chemotherapy cycle and other clinical factors on clinical efficacy was analyzed. Survival analysis was performed with Kaplan- Meier method, and multivariate analysis was performed with Cox regression model. Results:Three hundred and seventeen patients were eligible for the analysis. Among them, 129 patients received sequential chemoradiotherapy and 188 patients received concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Among patients receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy, 86 patients received 1 cycle of concurrent chemotherapy and 102 cases of 2 cycles of concurrent chemotherapy. The median follow-up time was 22.47 months. Multivariate survival analysis showed that only clinical stage, timing of RT administration and prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) were the independent prognostic factor for OS. The median OS in patients who received 1 cycle and 2 cycles of concurrent chemotherapy during RT were 33.8 months and 30.4 months ( P=0.400). No matter in elder patients or in younger patients, in early RT group or in late RT group and application of PCI or not, the number of concurrent chemotherapy cycle exerted no significant impact on OS. The incidence of grade 3 or above adverse events was 20% in the 1-cycle concurrent chemotherapy group, and 13.7% in the 2-cycle concurrent chemotherapy group. Conclusions:Concurrent chemoradiotherapy is the standard treatment of LS-SCLC. Two cycles of concurrent chemotherapy during RT is not necessarily superior to 1 cycle of concurrent chemotherapy. The optimal number of concurrent chemotherapy cycle during RT need to be studied in a large prospective randomized clinical trial.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 556-562, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910427

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the incidence of radiation pneumonitis (RP) between lung cancer patients from the European, American and Asian regions.Methods:The studies related to lung cancer and RP were searched from PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library. According to the different places where the studies were conducted, the searched studies were divided into two types: Asian studies and European, American and Australian studies. The incidence of RP between two regions was summarized. Studies related to dosimetry parameters were searched from PubMed database.Results:A total of 3, 190 patients from 14studies were included. Meta-analysis results showed that the incidence of ≥ grade 3 RP was similar in patients from Asia and Europe, America and Australia (4.9% vs. 4.6%, P=0.895), whereas the incidence of grade 5 RP in Asia was significantly higher than that in Europe, America and Australia (1.5% vs. 0.2%, P=0.002). Moreover, the lung irradiation dose received by the patients in the Asian group was relatively low. Lung V 20Gy dose limitation standard was reported in 21studies. Further analysis found no statistical significance in lung V 20Gy dose limitation standard between two regions ( P=0.440), and the standard in Asian studies is likely to be even stricter. Conclusions:The incidence of RP after chemoradiotherapy in lung cancer patients in Asia is relatively higher compared with those in Europe, America and Australia. The differences in dose limitation standard should be noted when the thoracic radiation regimen based solely on the data from foreign studies is applied to the patients in Asia.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 427-431, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868619

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the radiomics features related to the occurrence of radiation pneumonitis based on localized CT images of the chest in lung cancer patients, establish a machine learning model and investigate the value of radiomics technology in predicting the incidence of radiation pneumonitis.Methods:Clinical data of 86 patients with stage Ⅲ non-small cell lung cancer who received radical intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) were retrospectively analyzed. The radiation pneumonitis was graded by follow-up imaging data and clinical information. The planning CT images were collected. The lung was used as the volume of interest for extraction of radiomics features. The radiomics features, clinical and dosimetric parameters associated with the incidence of radiation pneumonitis were analyzed. Using the support vector machine to construct the model, the prediction performance of the model was evaluated by the five-fold verification method.Results:A total of 1029 radiomics features were extracted from CT images and 5 features were selected by ANOVA and LASSO. Two validation sets showed differences between adopting radiomics features alone and incorporating clinical and dosimetric parameters and radiomics features (AUC=0.67 and 0.71, respectively).Conclusions:The radiomics model constructed by planning CT images of lung cancer patients has the potential to predict the occurrence of radiation pneumonitis. Addition of clinical and dosimetric parameters can further improve the prediction performance of the model.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 499-504, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755059

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) on the prognosis of elderly patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC).Methods Clinical data of 83 patients aged ≥65 years diagnosed with metastatic ES-SCLC admitted to our hospital from 2010 to 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.All enrolled patients received etoposide plus cisplatin or carboplatin as the standard regimen for chemotherapy.After the propensity score matching (PSM),70 cases were either assigned into the TRT (n=35) or non-TRT groups (n=35).Among them,56 patients were male and 14 female.The median age was 69 years (range:65-85 years).The median chemotherapy cycle was 4 cycles (range:1-11 cycles).The median chest irradiation dose was 50 Gy (range:30-60 Gy).Overall survival (OS),progression-free survival (PFS) and local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) were regarded as end-point of observation.The survival rate was calculated by using Kaplan-Meier method and statistically compared between two groups by using Log-rank test.Multivariate prognostic analysis was performed using Cox regression model.Results For all patients,the 1-year OS,PFS and LRFS rates were 40%,16% and 21%,respectively.Patients undergoing TRT obtained better survival outcomes than their counterparts without TRT:the 1-year OS,PFS and LRFS were 52% vs.29%(P=0.005),30% vs.3%(P<0.001),38% vs.6% (P<0.001),respectively.Furthermore,TRT did not increase the incidence of adverse reactions in elderly patients (P=0.690).Conclusion The addition of TRT for elder ES-SCLC patients can significantly improve the rate of chest tumor control and prolong the survival time,which is worthy of further validation by prospective studies with large sample size.

13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 636-639, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754475

ABSTRACT

Extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) accounts for approximately two-thirds of all SCLCs. Chemotherapy is still the main treatment, supplemented with radiotherapy and other comprehensive treatments. Although sensitive to chemotherapy and radiotherapy, almost all ES-SCLCs are vulnerable to treatment resistance and have high recurrence rates. Therefore, novel therapies are needed to improve treatment efficacy. The recent advances in radiotherapy for ES-SCLC include prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) and thoracic radiotherapy (TRT). Moreover, immunotherapy has shown good antitumor activity, and immune-checkpoint inhibi-tors may become an important breakthrough in SCLC treatment. This article briefly reviewed the clinical research on radiotherapy and immunotherapy for advanced-stage SCLC.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 339-343, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745307

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between the timing of brain metastases and the prognosis of patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC).Methods A retrospective analysis was performed in 131 patients with limited-stage SCLC firstly metastasized to the brain were admitted to our hospital from 2007 to 2015.According to the median bone metastasis-free survival (BMFS),all patients were divided into A group (BMFS ≤ 10 months,n =61) and B group (BMFS> 10 months,n=70).The survival rates were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method.Between-group comparison was performed by log-rank test.The Cox regression model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis.Results In all 131 patients,the median overall survival (OS) and 1-,2-,and 3-year OS rates were 22.5 months,87.3%,44.7%,and 20.8%,respectively.The median OS after brain metastases and 1-and 2-year OS rates were 9.3 months,39.3% and 14.8%,respectively.No statistical significance was observed in the median OS after brain metastases between the A and B groups (8.6 vs.9.3 months,P=0.695).Moreover,the OS after brain metastases did not significantly differ in patients without PCI or those receiving different therapies after brain metastases between two groups (P=0.240-0.731).Conclusions The timing of SCLC with brain metastases is significantly correlated with the OS rather than the OS after brain metastases.Therefore,prevention of brain metastases may be an effective approach to prolong the OS of patients with SCLC.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 268-273, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745294

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of different doses of thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) upon the clinical prognosis of patients with extensive-stage (stage Ⅳ) small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) and establish a Nomogram prediction model.Methods Clinical data of 144 patients pathologically diagnosed with ES-SCLC undergoing TRT in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital from month,2010 to month,2016 were retrospectively analyzed.Clinical characteristics,treatment data and responses were evaluated.A Nomogram was established by using Cox's proportional hazard regression model to predict the overall survival (OS).The prediction capability and accuracy were assessed by the concordance index (C-index) and a calibration curve between the model and verification groups.Results The median follow-up time was 31.9 months.The 2-year OS rate was 20.3%.The Nomogram model demonstrated that TRT dose,liver metastases,oligometastases/polymetastases,number of chemotherapy cycle and response to chemotherapy were significantly correlated with clinical prognosis.The calibration curve revealed that the predicted and actual OS were highly consistent.The C-index was calculated as 0.701.In the subgroup analyses,patients with high-dose TRT obtained significantly better OS than their counterparts with low-dose TRT.Conclusion The Nomogram prediction model based on different TRT doses can accurately predict the OS rate of ES-SCLC patients,which is an individualized model for predicting the survival probability.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 180-184, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745277

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the optimal dosage of thoracic radiotherapy in patients diagnosed with extensive stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC).Methods Clinical data of ES-SCLC patients admitted to Tianjian Medical University Cancer Institute& Hospital between February 2010 and October 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.All patients received the first-line induction chemotherapy.Subsequently,216 patients without progression after the first-line induction chemotherapy were apportioned to the thoracic radiotherapy (n=180) group and chemotherapy alone group (n=36).According to the distribution characteristics of the biological equivalent dose,all patients were assigned into the A (31.3-40.2 Gy,n=23),B (46.0-46.8 Gy,n=38),C (49.5-53.7 Gy,n=43) and D groups (55.1-60.6 Gy,n=76).For the subgroup analysis,the low (31.3-46.8 Gy,n=61) and high dose groups (49.5-60.6 Gy,n=119) were divided.Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used for prognostic analysis.Cox's regression model was conducted for multivariate prognostic analysis.Propensity score matching was utilized to control the confounding variables.Results The median overall survival of all patients was 13.2 months,and 8.3,11.0,15.8,17.8 and 8.1 months for patients in the A,B,C,D and chemotherapy alone groups,respectively (all P=0.000).The median overall survival did not significantly differ between A and B/ chemotherapy groups (P=0.172,P=0.495),and similar results were obtained between the C and D groups (P=0.624).The median overall survival in the B group was significantly longer than that in the chemotherapy alone group (P=0.020).Statistical significance was noted between C and D groups,and A and B groups (all P<0.05).The median progression-free survival for all patients was 8.7 months,and 6.5,7.6,11.8,12.4 and 6.1 months in the A,B,C,D and chemotherapy alone groups,respectively (all P=0.000).The median progression-free survival did not significantly differ between A and B chemotherapy groups (P=0.588,P=0.668).The progression-free survival in the B group was slightly longer than that in the chemotherapy group without statistical significance (P=0.070).No statistical significance was observed between the C and D groups (P=0.627).Statistical significance was noted between C and D groups,and A and B groups (all P<0.02).Uni-and multi-variate analyses prompted that the number of metastatic lesions and dose of thoracic radiotherapy were the independent predictors of the overall survival and progression-free survival (both P<0.05).Concurrent chemoradiotherapy was the independent predictor of the overall survival (P=0.018).After the propensity score matching,the median overall survival and progression-free survival significantly differed between the low (n=50) and high dose groups (n=50) (10.9 vs.17.5 months,P=0.045;7.4 vs.10.7 months,P=0.014).Conclusions A relatively high dose ranging from 49.5 to 53.7 Gy is recommended during thoracic radiotherapy for ES-SCLC patients.An excessively low dose (≤ 40.2 Gy) probably fails to prolong the survival time,and an extremely high dose (≥55.1 Gy) cannot enable the patients to obtain survival benefits.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 85-89, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734351

ABSTRACT

Objective Investigate the relationship between gross tumor volume (GTV)-related factors including GTV-T volume,the maximum thickness of the esophageal lesion plane and GTV-T volume/length(GTV-T volume divided by the length of the lesion calculated by the number of GTV-T layers) and the locoregional failure of radical intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for esophageal carcinoma.Methods A total of 133 patients with esophageal cancer undergoing radical IMRT were enrolled.The factors related to GTV-T including GTV-T volume,the maximum thickness of the esophageal lesions,GTV-T volume/length were calculated.The relationship between GTV-T related factors and local recurrence of tumors was retrospectively analyzed.Results There was positively linear association between the locoregional failure rate of GTV-T and the volume of GTV-T.The volume of GTV-T tumor was 36 cm3,the maximum wall thickness was 2.5 cm,and the GTV-T volume/length was calculated as 5.3 cm2.These critical values could be utilized to predict the risk of locoregional failure of IMRT for esophageal carcinoma.Conclusions The GTV-T factors can be adopted to predict the local control and the risk of locoregional failure of radical IMRT for esophageal carcinoma to certain extent.

18.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 937-942, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800453

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of nutritional status pre-and during chemoradiotherapy on the prognosis of patients with limited- stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC).@*Methods@#We retrospectively collected medical records of 172 LS-SCLC patients undergoing concurrent chemoradiotherapy in our hospital from 2000 to 2014, with 126 males and 46 females. The data of complete blood count and hepatic and renal function were collected before initial treatment, before radiotherapy, 4 weeks during radiotherapy, and 1 month after complete of treatment. The prognostic nutritional index(PNI)was calculated. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the survival rate. Log-rank test was performed used to compare the survival differences between groups. Multivariate prognostic analysis was performed using Cox regression model.@*Results@#The median overall survival (OS) was 21 months, with median progression-free survival (PFS) of 11 months. At the beginning of treatment, patients with pre-treatment PNI ≥ 53 had significantly superior OS (median 37 vs 15 months, P=0.001) and PFS (median 16 vs 10 months, P=0.017). Patients with pre-treatment hemoglobin ≥140 g/L and <140 g/L had an median OS of 32 months and 17 months (P=0.019), and median PFS of 16 months and 9 months (P=0.040), respectively. During chemoradiation, patients with elevated hemoglobin had similar median OS compared with those had decreased hemoglobin (27 vs 18 months, P=0.063, but superior median PFS (15 vs 9 months, P=0.017). Multivariate analysis revealed that prophylactic cranial irradiation, pre-treatment hemoglobin ≥140 g/L, and pretreatment PNI ≥53 were independent predictors of OS and PFS in patients with LS-SCLC.@*Conclusion@#Pre-treatment nutritional status and the changes of nutritional status during chemoradiotherapy is significantly associated with the prognosis of patients with limited-stage small cell lung cancer. The patients with better pre-treatment nutritional status have a better prognosis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 792-795, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796685

ABSTRACT

Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma is not very common, and it has a high degree of malignancy and invasion, outcome is also poor. Even LCLC is defined as non-small cell lung cancer, its biological and clinical characteristics, prognostic factors are similar to small cell lung cancer. The treatment for LCLC is still controversial. The research progress on comprehensive treatment of lung large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma was reviewed.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 735-740, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796672

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the incidence and risk factors of symptomatic radiation-induced lung toxicity (SRILT) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with modern radiotherapy after surgery.@*Methods@#Clinical data of consecutive NSCLC patients treated with postoperative three-dimensional conformal or intensity-modulated radiotherapy in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between November 2002 and December 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE, version 3.0), SRILT was defined as ≥grade 2 radiation-induced lung toxicity. Potential clinical risk factors and dosimetric parameters for SRILT were evaluated using logistic regression model.@*Results@#Among 227 enrolled patients, 190 cases underwent lobectomy and 37 patients received pneumonectomy. Twenty-three patients (10.1%) developed SRILT after lobectomy. Seventeen patients experienced grade 2 SRILT, 5 cases of grade 3 SRILT and 1 case of grade 4 SRILT. Univariate analysis showed that postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy, relatively large PTV, mean lung dose and V20- V40 were significantly correlated with the incidence of SRILT (P=0.015, 0.048 and<0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy and V20 were significantly associated with the incidence of SRILT (P=0.017 and P=0.009).@*Conclusions@#The incidence of SRILT is relatively low in NSCLC patients after postoperative radiotherapy. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy and V20 are risk factors of SRILT.

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