Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 74
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1696-1699, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991223

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the mixed team-based learning (TBL) teaching method in the practical teaching of critical obstetric diseases.Methods:A total of 72 undergraduate students majoring in "5+3" clinical medicine who practiced in The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from April to June 2019 were selected in the study. The typical cases of obstetric critical illness were selected, and the students were taught by TBL teaching combined with flipped classroom. After the class, a questionnaire survey was conducted to evaluate the teaching effect.Results:Totally 72 questionnaires were recovered and the results showed that all the students thought this kind of mixed TBL teaching method was helpful to develop clinical thinking ability, and the process of "group discussion" and "extra-curricular preparation" was very helpful to understand the learning. A percentage of 93 (67/72) of the students liked this teaching mode, while 28% (20/72) of the students thought this learning mode was very stressful.Conclusion:This mixed TBL teaching method is effective and feasible in the practical teaching of critical obstetric diseases.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 618-621, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957596

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of energy metabolism-related metabolic diseases, such as diabetes, fatty liver, and cardiovascular diseases, is trending upwards over years. Not only glucose and lipid metabolism but also amino acid metabolism are involved in the pathogenesis, among which branched-chain amino acids are most widely studied. Isoleucine is an important branched-chain amino acid. Its relevance to metabolic diseases has caught more attention in recent years. This review is to highlight advances in isoleucine and energy metabolism.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 662-671, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015017

ABSTRACT

Generic drugs account for more than 95% of the chemicals market in China, and their quality is directly related to the efficacy and safety of the people. The bioequivalence evaluation with pharmacokinetic parameters as the end point is the main content of the consistency evaluation of the quality and efficacy of generic drugs. Gut microbiota is considered to have an important influence on pharmacokinetics. This article reviewed the influence of gut microbiota on pharmacokinetics and analyzed its potential significance in the evaluation of the consistency of quality and efficacy of generic drugs.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 657-661, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911373

ABSTRACT

Organoids are complex tiny organ-like model systems formed by three-dimensional culture in vitro, based on the self-renew and self-organization of stem cells. This article reviewed the recent progress in organoids construction from tissues involved in the regulation of glucose homeostasis and chronic diabetic microvascular complications, and their applications in diabetes mellitus. Organoid technology is expected to further promote the progress of diabetes research in disease modeling, personalized medicine, and regenerative medicine.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1776-1780, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906803

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze factors affecting the delay in the case finding, treatment and diagnosis of tuberculosis among students during 2014-2020,and to provide a reference for the prevention and control measures of tuberculosis among students in Guiyang City.@*Methods@#The medical cases of students with tuberculosis from 2014 to 2020 recorded by "China Disease Prevention and Control Information System" were collected and trend of delays in the detection, treatment, and diagnosis of students with tuberculosis were analyzed, and χ 2 test and multivariate Logistic regression were used to analyze influencing factors.@*Results@#From 2014 to 2020, the rate of delay in the case finding, treatment, and diagnosis of tuberculosis among students in Guiyang showed a relatively stable trend. From 2014 to 2020, Guiyang City reported a total of 1 323 valid cases, the median number of case finding was 16 days,and 48.75% of student TB patients were delayed; the median number of treatment was 11 days, the delay rate of treatment was 43.46%; the median number of diagnosis was 0 day, the diagnosis delay rate was 11.87%. The results of multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the floating population was a risk factor for delay in case finding ( OR =1.45), the classification of the source of patients as "other" ( OR =0.19), the level of the first diagnosed unit was county ( OR =0.44), and the type of the first diagnosed unit was general hospital ( OR =0.58) were the protective factors for the delayed case finding of tuberculosis in students( P <0.05). Female ( OR =1.32) and floating population ( OR =1.38) were risk factors for delayed treatment. Floating population ( OR =1.51), rural areas ( OR =4.30), urban fringe ( OR =2.76),non severe patients ( OR =5.99) were risk factors for delayed diagnosis,females ( OR =0.65), ethnic minorities ( OR =0.38), college degree ( OR =0.53), and the first diagnosis unit wae a specialist hospital ( OR =0.22) were protective factors for delayed diagnosis of tuberculosis in students ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The rates of tuberculosis case finding and treatment delay among students are common, which warrants targeted prevention and control measures to reduce the incidence of student delays and reduce the risk of tuberculosis cluster epidemics in schools.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 60-63, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865225

ABSTRACT

Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is the second common retinal vascular disease after diabetic retinopathy.The Management of Retinal Vein Occlusion-Consensus Document published in 2011 gave a comprehensive explanation of RVO diagnosis and treatment.While the European Society of Retina Specialists (EURETINA) updated the guideline for the management of RVO based on the 2011 consensus in August 2019.The current guideline summarized the latest clinical studies,and standardized the diagnosis and treatment of RVO based on stronger evidence-level data.The 2019 guidelines used the Rationale-Evidence-Recommendation structure to provide a comprehensive summary of RVO.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 60-63, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798748

ABSTRACT

Retinal vein occlusion(RVO) is the second common retinal vascular disease after diabetic retinopathy.The Management of Retinal Vein Occlusion-Consensus Document published in 2011 gave a comprehensive explanation of RVO diagnosis and treatment.While the European Society of Retina Specialists (EURETINA) updated the guideline for the management of RVO based on the 2011 consensus in August 2019.The current guideline summarized the latest clinical studies, and standardized the diagnosis and treatment of RVO based on stronger evidence-level data.The 2019 guidelines used the Rationale-Evidence-Recommendation structure to provide a comprehensive summary of RVO.

8.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 778-782, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800925

ABSTRACT

Rapid palatal expansion (RPE) is commonly used to correct transverse maxillary deficiencies and recognized as a reliable orthopedic procedure in children and adolescents. For adults, however, conventional RPE has been considered rarely successful and can produce undesirable dental effects. Along with the development of digital techniques and mini-implant anchorage, a novel method called miniscrew-assisted RPE (MARPE) has become available for the treatment of maxillary transverse deficiency in older patients recently. In this article, the biomechanical principles and indications of MARPE, the advances in device design, the clinical effects, the matters needing attention and limitations of this method, and the stability after expansion are discussed.

9.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 399-402, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756416

ABSTRACT

Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is a vascular disease characterized by intraretinal hemorrhage,edema and hard exudation,which is caused by increased retinal vein pressure.OCT angiography (OCTA) has been widely used in the diagnosis of retinal vascular diseases including RVO by virtue of non-invasive,high resolution and stratified display of superficial,deep retinal vessels and quantification of retinal vessel density and non-perfusion area size.OCTA can provide information of retinal microvascular structure and blood perfusion under the condition of disease,it also can be used to evaluate the effect of treatment and changes of retinal circulation during the course of disease follow-up.Although OCTA cannot replace fundus angiography completely,it has brought us more information about the pathogenesis,disease progression and prognostic factors of RVO.It is believed that with the progress of technology,OCTA will bring us a new chapter in the study of retinal vascular diseases including RVO.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 475-479, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755668

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between different smoking status and hypothyroidism in six iodine-suitable areas of China. Methods A total of 8187 residents were investigated by cluster sampling in six cities, and 7448 residents were included in the survey. The height, weight, waist circumference, and blood pressure were measured by filling out epidemiological questionnaire. Blood samples were collected to detect thyroid stimulating hormone ( TSH) , thyroid peroxidase antibody ( TPOAb) , and thyroglobulin antibody ( TgAb) . Results The mean TSH, TPOAb, and TgAb positive rates in passive smoking and active smoking groups were all lower than those in non-smoking group ( all P<0.01) . In the active smoking group, the TSH value decreased by 0.023 units for every unit increase in smoking index. The positive rates of TgAb and TPOAb in both passive smoking and active smoking groups were lower than those in non-smoking group (all P<0.01). Active and passive smoking reduced the prevalence of hypothyroidism (both P<0.01). Among women, the risks of clinical hypothyroidism and subclinical hypothyroidism were reduced in both active and passive smoking groups. Besides, the risk of subclinical hypothyroidism decreased significantly when the smoking index was more than 70. In male population, the risk of subclinical hypothyroidism in active and passive smoking group decreased. Besides, the risk of clinical hypothyroidism and subclinical hypothyroidism decreased significantly when the smoking index was more than 70. Conclusion Smoking in iodine-suitable areas may reduce TSH level and the positive rates of TPOAb and TgAb.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 388-390, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700531

ABSTRACT

Human body structure,as a national excellent course,is a professional basic course for the students in medical related majors.After years of teaching practice,many teaching experience are collected,however,some problems in teaching practice still occurre such as how to carry out teaching methods specific for different majors,how to accomplish the course for teachers and how to grasp the macro-and micro-cosmic human structures for students in fewer class hours,and how to improve the students' self-regulation of learning.Aiming at the problems above,the human body structure teaching team improves teaching methods,teaching content and assessment system,and effectively enhance the teaching effectivene.

12.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 593-597, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696449

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical,imaging and IBA57 gene mutation features in a Chinese patient with multiple mitochondrial dysfunction syndrome,and to evaluated the effect of comprehensive rehabilitation.Methods The clinical data of 1 case of multiple mitochondrial dysfunction syndrome with IBA57 mutation in Department of Rehabilitation,Anhui Provincial Children's Hospital were analyzed."IBA57 white matter malnutrition" and "IBA57 leukodystrophy" were used as the key words,to search for papers which were included in CNKI,the knowledge service platform of Wanfang Data,and biomedical literature database (PubMed) from its establishment to February 2017.The clinical,imaging and gene mutation characteristics of children with IBA57 gene mutation were summarized.Results Children,male,four years and 8 months,for "movement disorders for nearly 4 years,repeated seizures 1 and a half years" in February 2017 hospitalized again.The boy was admitted into hospital when he was one year of age because of motor and cognitive disorder after fever,Disease was development,The skull MRI showed multiple abnormal signal in bilateral frontal occipital lobe and semi-oval center white matter.Cognitive and verbal improvement was better,and the motor function gradually improved after repeated rehabilitation in our hospital,skull MRI showed that multiple abnormalities were reduced in bilateral frontal occipital lobe and semi-oval center white matter.However,The boy presented twitch when he was three years and 2 months old.Skull MRI showed that multiple abnormal signal increased in bilateral forehead occipital lobe and semi-oval center white matter in four years and 3 months and 6 months of age.The child was diagnosed with white matter disease after multiple hospitalizations,and c.286T > C (p.Tyr86 His) and c.1053 G > A (p.Trp351 *) were found in the IBA57 gene through exome sequencing analysis,as the 2 mutations constituted complex heterozygous mutation.The former was inherited from the mother,and the mutation was missense mutation,so the protein structure was predicted to be harmful;the latter was inherited from the father,and the mutation was nonsense mutation,which could lead to the coding protein truncation,and this was never reported before.The child was diagnosed as multiple mitochondrial dysfunction syndrome type 3,followed by treatment with high-dose coenzyme Q10,ATP,compound vitamin B and others.While taking levetiracetam and topiramate antiepileptic,and family rehabilitation,his condition was stable.Conclusion The extensive white matter lesions presented in the child may be caused by mitochondrial disease with IBA57 gene mutation.

13.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 412-416, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806664

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the application of the 3D precise digital technology in restoring structural defects of the orbital region.@*Methods@#Structural defects of the orbital region concerning on osseous structure and soft tissue were restored in one stage or stages using EH composite artificial bone prosthesis with complex three-dimensional structure. The fabrication of EH composite artificial bone prosthesis was based on CT scanning and 3D reconstruction of the skull with computer aided data analysis and design. The appearance, degree of satisfaction and the complications were evaluated in postoperative regular follow-up.@*Results@#Five cases of structural defects in the orbital regions presenting bone defect and soft tissue abnormality, received treatments in the department from January 2016 to September 2017. The cases consist of one patient with dysplasia following surgical treatment, three with post-traumatic and one with Treacher-Collins syndrome. With the application of individualized EH composite artificial bone fabricated by aforementioned method, all the repair materials presented the ideal three-dimensional structure and coincided well with the defects, and soft tissue restoration of 2 cases was performed in one stage or by stages. Appearance and symmetry of the 5 cases was significantly improved, without complications of infection, rejection, exposure or graft tissue necrosis. All the patients were satisfied with the results.@*Conclusions@#In consideration of the capacity to fabricate accurate individualized repair materials, the three-dimensional digital technology plays an important role in the treatment of structural defects in the orbital region, especially the reconstruction of the bony contour. The simple orbital deformities can be treated with the repair materials and correction of soft tissue. For special orbital deformities, attention should be paid to bone structure repair, eye socket reconstruction and filling of orbital contents sequentially.

14.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 311-315, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806604

ABSTRACT

Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) signaling pathway participates in the regulation of various organs and growth of tissue cells, maintains normal function and structure in the development of embryogenesis, however, SHH signaling pathway is in a state of inhibition. Meanwhile, the abnormal regulation of SHH signaling pathway plays an important role in the occurrence, development and drug resistance of leukemia. The mechanism of SHH signaling pathway in leukemia is similar to the solid tumor. With the further understanding of SHH signaling pathway, there are many antitumor drugs targeting SHH signaling pathway. The targeting inhibitors targeted SHH signaling pathway will become a new method for the treatment of leukemia. This paper reviews the application of the inhibitors targeting SHH signaling pathway in leukemia.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 162-166, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709924

ABSTRACT

Bone marrow adipose tissue (MAT) is formed by the accumulation of adipocytes in the bone marrow cavity. Previously, the function of MAT is mainly considered to be filled with bone marrow cavity for the mechanical support. However,with the in-depth study of MAT,it has been gradually understood that MAT is not only a part of the bone marrow microenvironment,may also be a new endocrine "organ". The main component of bone marrow adipocytes(BMA) plays a regulatory role in bone marrow and systemic metabolism through the autocrine and paracrine secretion of adiponectin, leptin, interleukin-6, and a series of cytokines. Though its biological characteristics are somewhat similar with white fat adipose tissue(WAT) and brown adipose tissue(BAT),there are some significant differences,so MAT is thought to be a special adipose tissue. MAT is also involved in the development of hematological diseases,metabolic diseases,degenerative diseases,and may affect their outcomes. MAT may be the auxiliary diagnostic criteria and treatment targets of such diseases. This article will review the MAT's own biological characteristics,the differences and associations among three types of adipose tissue and the link between MAT and the diseases,which aims to explore the new research direction through the profound understanding of MAT.

16.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 374-378, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607085

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the diagnostic value of serologic intestinal-fatty acid binding protein (i-FABP) in neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).Method The standard search strategy included electronic search and manual search.Electronic search was carried out in databases including PubMed,Ovid,Cochrane Library,Chinese Biomedicine Database (CBM),CNKI,WANFANG DATA and VIP database.As a supplement,relevant references from previous reviews and studies were examined by manual search.Two independent reviewers assessed the quality of included studies and extracted data,and performed further meta-analysis.RevManS.3.5 and Meta-Disc1.4 and Stata12.0 were used in the statistical analysis.Result A total of 11 studies with 700 cases were identified,including 308 NEC cases and 392 control cases.The blood samples collected at the time of suspected NEC stage showed pooled sensitivity 0.56 (95% CI 0.44 ~ 0.67),pooled specificity 0.93 (95 % CI0.87 ~ 0.97),area under curve (AUC) =0.8282,and Q* =0.7610,respectively.The blood samples collected after clinical diagnosis of NEC showed pooled sensitivity 0.78 (95% CI 0.72 ~ 0.83),pooled specificity 0.81 (95% CI 0.76 ~ 0.86),AUC =0.8680,and Q* =0.7985,respectively.Conclusion i-FABP is a valid serologic biomarker for early diagnosis of NEC in neonatal infants.

17.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 997-1002, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669350

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the dynamic expression and spatial distribution of P2X7 receptor in pilocarpine-induced epileptic rat hippocampus.Methods:Status epilepticus (SE) model of rats was established by intraperitoneal injection with chloride lithium and pilocarpine.Rat brain tissue and hippocampus were collected at 1,3,7,14,28 days after SE.The protein expression of P2X7 receptor in rat hippocampus was detected by Western blot.The distribution of P2X7 receptor in hippocampal sub-region was analyzed by immunohistochemistry.Results:Bilateral forelimb clonus appeared at (33.9±12.3 min after intraperitoneal injection with pilocarpine.The protein expression of P2X7 receptor was increased at 1d after SE,while it was decreased gradually from 3 d to minimum at 7 d,then it was elevated continuously to 28 d.Among them,the expression of P2X7 receptor was increased significantly at 1,14 and 28 d post-SE (P<0.05).Immunohistochemical staining showed that P2X7 receptor was detected in all areas.The expression pattern of P2X7 receptor in hippocampal DG and CA3 area was consistent with protein expression,but its expression in hippocampal CA1 area was not significantly changed after SE.Conclusion:The expression of P2X7 receptor in post-SE hippocampus is in a time-dependent manner and spatial specificity.P2X7 receptor might be involved in the development of chronic epilepsy.

18.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 989-992, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663746

ABSTRACT

The prevalences of cardiometabolic diseases such as obesity, insulin resistance are rising. Abnormal metabolisms of glucose and lipid are associated with cardiometabolic diseases. The amino acids are also play important roles in cardiometabolic diseases. Branched-chain amino acids are important essential amino acids, and studies about branched-chain amino acids in cardiometabolic diseases are rising. In this review we aimed to investigate the progress of branched-chain amino acids in cardiometabolic diseases.

19.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 479-484, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612422

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the prognostic value of biomarkers in type 2 diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), this study was to investigate the associations between the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) score and in-hospital mortality. MethodsSeven hundred and seven consecutive AMI patients were divided into diabetic group (DM-AMI group), impaired glucose tolerance group (IGT-AMI group), and normal glycemic group (NGT-AMI group). The laboratory and clinical characteristics were assessed retrospectively from the medical records. The NLR and GRACE score were calculated. Results In AMI patients, the DM-AMI group had significantly higher NLR and GRACE scores compared with those from the IGT-AMI group and NGT-AMI group (P>=Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio; In-hospital mortality; Acute myocardial infarction; Diabetes mellitus, type 2

20.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 613-616, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496186

ABSTRACT

[Summary] Long noncoding RNA( lncRNA) plays an important role in regulating the life activities, and its disordered expression is closely related to many diseases. Several studies have shown that lncRNA could modulate the endocrine metabolic processes at transcription, post-transcription, and the epigenetic modification levels, but the exact mechanism is still unclear. Further research needs to be done. This review will briefly describe the research progress of lncRNAs in endocrine and metabolic respects.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL