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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912394


Objective:To observe the efficacy of conbercept in the treatment of different types of diabetic macular edema (DME).Methods:A retrospective clinical study. From March 2019 to March 2021, 136 eyes of 136 patients with DME diagnosed in Department of Ophthalmology of Xi'an No.3 Hospital were included in the study. Among them, there were 65 males and 71 females; the average age was 56.65±8.65 years. All patients underwent best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination, and glycosylated hemoglobin level (HbA1c) examination. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study visual acuity chart was used for BCVA examination, which was converted into the logarithmic minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) visual acuity during statistics. An OCT instrument was used to measure the central retinal thickness (CRT) of the macula. According to the characteristics of OCT, DME was divided into diffuse retinal thickening (DRT) type, cystoid macular edema (CME) type, serous retinal detachment (SRD) type, mixed type, and grouped accordingly, respectively, about 30, 38, 33, 35 eyes. There was no significant difference in age ( F=1.189), sex ratio ( χ2=1.331), and HbA1c level ( F=3.164) of the four groups of patients ( P>0.05). All eyes were treated with intravitreal injection of 10 mg/ml conbercept 0.05 ml (including conbercept 0.5 mg) once a month for 3 consecutive times, and then treated as needed after evaluation. BCVA and OCT examinations were performed 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment with the same equipment and methods as before treatment. The changes of BCVA and CRT before and after treatment were compared and observed. For measurement data subject to normal distribution, one-way analysis of variance was performed for comparison between groups; χ2 test was performed for comparison of count data. Results:Before treatment, the logMAR BCVA of the eyes in the DRT group, CME group, SRD group, and mixed group were 0.68±0.11, 0.69±0.15, 0.71±0.12, 0.73±0.14, and CRT was 631.4±50.7, 640.6±55.7, 652.3±63.4, 660.4±61.8 μm. Compared with before treatment, 1, 3, 6 months after treatment, DRT group (BCVA: t=8.139, 11.552, 11.672; CRT: t=16.163, 21.653, 25.855), CME group (BCVA: t=8.923, 9.995, 13.842; CRT: t=16.163, 21.653, 25.855), SRD type group (BCVA: t=5.171, 7.315, 6.051; CRT: t=9.099, 13.731, 21.306), mixed type group (BCVA: t=5.072, 6.939, 7.142; CRT: t=6.920, 15.352, 17.538) The BCVA of the affected eyes was significantly increased, and the CRT was significantly decreased, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). At 6 months after treatment, the differences in logMAR BCVA and CRT of the 4 groups of eyes were statistically significant ( χ2=58.478, 64.228; P<0.05). The average number of injections in the eyes of the DRT group, CME group, SRD group, and mixed group were 3.37±1.35, 3.68±1.38, 4.18±1.40, 4.13±1.50 times, respectively. Compared with the average number of injections in the eye, the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=9.139, P=0.028). Conclusions:Conbercept can effectively reduce CRT and increase BCVA in eyes with different types of DME. Compared with SRD type and mixed type, DRT and CME type eye are more effective in improving vision, CRT reduction degree is greater, and the number of injections is less.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871808


Objective:To observe the correlation between obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC).Methods:From October 2016 to December 2018, 50 cases of CSC patients (CSC group) and 50 healthy people (control group) matched by age and sex who were diagnosed in the ophthalmological examination of Xi’an No.3 Hospital were included in the study. According to the course of the disease, CSC was divided into acute phase and chronic phase, with 20 and 30 cases respectively. The average age ( Z=1.125) and body mass index (BMI) ( Z=0.937) of the two groups were compared, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05); the age of patients with different courses of CSC ( Z=1.525) and gender composition ratio ( χ2=0.397) and BMI ( Z=1.781) were compared, the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The Berlin questionnaire was used to assess the OSAS risk of subjects in the CSC group and the control group; polysomnography was used to monitor the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and minimum blood oxygen saturation (MOS) during night sleep. OSAS diagnostic criteria: typical sleep snoring, daytime sleepiness, AHI (times/h) value ≥ 5. The severity of OSAS was classified as mild OSAS: 5≤AHI<15; moderate OSAS: 15≤AHI <30; severe OSAS: AHI≥30. Non-normally distributed measurement data were compared by rank sum test; count data were compared by χ2 test. Spearman correlation analysis was performed on the correlation between OSAS and CSC. Results:The AHI data in the CSC group and the control group were 17.46±3.18 and 15.72±4.48 times/h, respectively; the MOS were (83.48±4.68)% and (87.40±3.82)%, respectively; those diagnosed with OSAS were respectively 36 (72.00%, 36/50) and 13 (26.00%, 13/50) cases. AHI ( Z=0.312), MOS ( Z=0.145), and OSAS incidence ( χ2=21.17) were compared between the two groups of subjects, and the differences were statistically significant ( P=0.028, 0.001,<0.001). The AHI of acute and chronic CSC patients were 15.95±3.02 and 18.47±2.92 times/h; the MOS were (86.10±11.07)% and (81.73±4.58)%, respectively. There were statistically significant differences in AHI ( Z=0.134) and MOS ( Z=0.112) in patients with different course of disease ( P=0.005, 0.001). The results of Spearman correlation analysis showed that OSAS and CSC were positively correlated ( r=0.312, P=0.031). Conclusion:OSAS may be a risk factor for the onset of CSC.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746221


Objective To determine the correlation between obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS)and nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION).Methods It was a perspective study.A total of 41 consecutive patients with NAION (NAION group) and 41 age-and sex-matched physical examination subjects (control group) in Xi'an No.3 Hospital from December 2016 to December 2018 were enrolled in this study.The apnea hypopnea index (AHI,the number of sleep apneas per hour) was monitored using a polysomnography for patients in NAION group and control group.At the same time,the blood oxygen saturation was continuously recorded.The OSAS can be diagnosed if the AHI value was ≥ 5.OSAS severity was graded as mild:5≤AHI< 15;moderate:15≤AHI<30;severe:AHI ≥30.The grading of OSAS severity between two groups was compared by Fisher's exact test.The AHI and minimum blood oxygen saturation were compared between NAION group and control group using the Mann-Whitney U test.Spearman correlation analysis was performed on the correlation between OSAS and NAION.Results Among the patients in the NAION group,31 patients (75.61%) were diagnosed with OSAS.Among them,6 patients (14.63%) were mild,9 patients (21.95%) were moderate,and 16 patients (39.03%) were severe.In the control group,19 patients (46.34%) were diagnosed with OSAS.Among them,10 patients (24.39%) were mild,5 patients (12.20%) were moderate,and 4 patients (9.75%) were severe.The difference of OSAS patients of mild,moderate and severe between two groups were statistically significant (Z=0.235,0.245,0.312;P=0.012,0.014,0.032).The average AHI of patients in the NAION group was 20.25 ± 7.74,and the mean minimum oxygen saturation at night was (87.38± 5.53)%.The average AHI of the control group was 18.67 ± 11.67,and the mean minimum oxygen saturation at night was (85.06+4.25)%.The differences of the mean AHI and mean minimum oxygen saturation between two groups were statistically significant (Z=1.124,2.317,P=0.003,0.020).There was a positive correlation between OSAS and NAION (Spearman correlation coefficient=0.229,P=0.030).Conclusion There is a positive correlation between OSAS and NAION.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618052


Objective To observe the clinical effects of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) combined with internal limiting membrane peeling (ILMP) for macular hole (MH) and macular retinoschisis in high myopic eyes,and to analyze factors affecting the MH closure rate.Methods This is a retrospective case study.21 high myopic patients (22 eyes) with MH and macular retinoschisis were enrolled in this study.All eyes were examined for best corrected visual acuity (BCVA),intraocular pressure,slit lamp microscope,indirect ophthalmoscope,A and/or B-scan ultrasound,optical coherence tomography and visual electrophysiological examination.The BCVA was ranged from finger counting to 0.2.The axial length (AL) was ranged from 26.00 to 31.00 mm,with an average of 27.47 mm.Among 22 eyes,AL was between 26.00 mm to 27.00 mm in 9 eyes,27.10 mm to 28.00 mm in 5 eyes,28.10 mm to 29.00 mm in 3 eyes,29.10 mm to 30.00 mm in 3 eyes,and longer than 30.00 mm in 2 eyes.The diameter of MH was ranged from 227 μm to 597 μm and with an average of 432 μm.Among them,the minimum diameter was between 200 μm to 400 μm in 4 eyes,401 μm to 450 μm in 13 eyes,451 μm to 500 μm in 3 eyes,501 μm to 600 μm in 2 eyes.All the eyes were treated with PPV combined with ILMP surgery.The average follow-up time was 17 months after surgery.The efficacy was determined at the final follow up,including the MH closure,the state of macular retinoschisis and the BCVA.MH closure rate with different MH diameters and different AL were compared and analyzed.Results During the final followup,MH were fully closed in 17 eyes (77.3%),bridge-closed in 4 eyes (18.2%) and not closed in 1 eye (4.5%).Retinoschisis was resolved in 19 eyes (86.4%),partially resolved in 2 eyes (9.1%) and not changed in 1 eye (4.4%).MH with smaller diameter had higher MH closure rate (x2=12.036,P=0.032).MH with longer AL had lower MH closure rate (x2=16.095,P=0.003).The final BCVA was ranged from finger counting to 0.25.Among 22 eyes,BCVA or metamorphopsia were improved in 9 eyes (40.9%),stable in 8 eyes (36.4%).BCVA was reduced and metamorphopsia was more severe in 5 eyes (22.7%).Conclusions PPV combined with ILMP is a safe and effective surgical treatment for MH (with minimum diameter ≤600 μm) and macular retinoschisis in high myopic eyes.After surgery,MH was closed and retinoschisis was resolved in most patients.The major factors affect the MH closure were the minimum diameter of MH and AL.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487576


Objective To understand how Vibrio vulnificus hemolysin (VvhA) affects the viability of murine liver CD4+ T cells as well as its effects on the numbers of mitochondria and the expression of CD62L. Methods The primary murine liver monocytes (MNs) were isolated from C57BL/ 6 mice and then treated with recombinant VvhA (rVvhA) for 6 hours in vitro. The viability of murine liver CD4+T cells and the expression of CD62L were measured by staining with anti-mouse CD4, CD8, CD44, CD62L and cell via-bility fluorescent dye or fluorescent antibody. Moreover, the cells were simply incubated with MitoTracker or JC-1 probes to label mitochondria and mitochondrial membrane potential, which were further analyzed by using flow cytometry analysis. Results With the increase in the doses of rVvhA, the viability of murine liv-er CD4+T cells was decreased from 81. 5% to 15. 8% . The expression of CD62L on the surface of murine liver CD4+T cells was dramatically decreased. Both the murine liver na?ve and effector CD4+ T cells were sensitive to the cytotoxicity of rVvhA. Moreover, treating murine liver CD4+ T cells with rVvhA resulted in significantly decreased numbers of mitochondria and lower mitochondrial membrane potential. Conclusion The cytotoxicity of rVvhA to murine liver CD4+T cells might be achieved through inhibiting the expression of CD62L, decreasing the numbers of mitochondria and lowering mitochondrial membrane potential.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302577


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the association between phthalate esters (PAEs) metabolites in maternal urine and 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11β-HSD2 ) enzyme activity, explore the possible mechanism of PAEs effect on fetal development.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>All of 33 cases of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) newborn were selected by random sampling in 2012. And 33 cases of normal control newborn were enrolled, use high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was used to detect 4 kinds of phthalate esters (PAEs) metabolites in maternal urine: mono-n-butyl phthalate ester (MBP), mono (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP), mono (2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate (MEHHP), mono (2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP) and three kinds of cortisol corticosterone metabolites, tetrahydrocortisol (THF), allo-tetrahydrocortisol (allo-THF), tetrahydrocortisone (THE), and analyze the association between phthalate esters (PAEs) metabolites in maternal urine and 11β-HSD2 enzyme activity.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MBP, MEHP, MEHHP, MEOHP metabolites can be detected in 98% (65 cases) , 89% (59 cases), 91% (60 cases), 91% (60 cases) of all 66 maternal urine samples, respectively. The median concentrations of test material in case group were 31.20 ng/ml for MBP, 24.61 ng/ml for MEHHP, 11.72 ng/ml for MEOHP and 48.67 ng/ml for SumDEHP which were significantly higher than those of the control group (were 17.32, 12.03, 5.68 and 28.64 ng/ml); 11β-HSD2 activity in case group ((THF+allo-THF)/THE = (0.79 ± 0.09) ng/ml) was significantly lower than that of the control group((THF+allo-THF)/THE = (0.58 ± 0.04) ng/ml); PAEs metabolites MBP (β' = 1.12), MEHHP(β' = 1.14), MEOHP(β' = 1.10), SumDEHP(β' = 1.08) in baby boy mother's urine was reversely correlated to 11β-HSD2 activity.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PAEs could affect fetal development by inhibit 11β-HSD2 activity.</p>

11-beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Type 2 , Chromatography, Liquid , Diethylhexyl Phthalate , Fetal Development , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Mass Spectrometry , Phthalic Acids , Tetrahydrocortisol , Tetrahydrocortisone