Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 9 de 9
Filter
Add filters








Language
Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 1080-1085, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956206

ABSTRACT

Objective:A case-control association analysis was performed to investigate if the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of N-cadherin(CDH2) gene is implicated in schizophrenia in a Han Chinese population.Methods:A total of 528 patients with paranoid schizophrenia and 528 healthy controls were recruited from northern Henan province to analyze 25 SNPs located in CDH2 gene.The clinical symptoms of 267 first-episode schizophrenia patients were evaluated with positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS), and the correlation between CDH2 gene and clinical symptoms was analyzed by SNPStats software online.Results:Allele frequencies of rs9951577 and rs1231268 were significantly correlated with schizophrenia( P<0.05), genotype frequency of rs1639387 was significantly correlated with schizophrenia( P=0.044). After gender classification, SNPs rs1789470 and rs28365328 were found to be significantly correlated with schizophrenia in female patients ( P=0.044, 0.019). In addition, the study found that CDH2 was correlated with the clinical characteristics of schizophrenia( P<0.05), and the negative factor score of patients between GG type rs1231268 and the other two genotypes (AG+ AA) ((21.12±8.41) vs (18.87±7.52)) was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:CDH2 gene may be one of the susceptibility genes to SZ, and has definite correlation with clinical negative symptoms.

2.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 442-447, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867087

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the functional connections of the whole brain and the two hemispheres in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).Methods:Twenty-six patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder(patients group) and thirty-seven healthy controls matched in gender, age and education(control group) were enrolled.All the participants accepted the resting-state functional magnetic resonance (rs-fMRI) scan.Based on DPABI and REST software, degree centrality (DC) and voxel - mirrored homotopic connectivity (VMHC) approaches were used to explore the pattern of functional connection in OCD.Results:Compared with the control group, the DC values in the right posterior cerebellar lobe(MNI: x, y, z=45, -87, -12), left precentral gyrus(MNI: x, y, z=-54, 9, 39), left inferior parietal lobule(MNI: x, y, z=-48, -51, 42), right anterior cingulate cortex(MNI: x, y, z=3, 18, 48) were significantly higher( t values were 5.75, 5.26, 5.28 and 5.16, respectively), and the DC values in the left inferior frontal gyrus(MNI: x, y, z=-36, 9, 30) were significantly lower( t value was -6.65) in patients group.The VMHC values in bilateral posterior cerebellar lobe(MNI: x, y, z=±51, -69, -33), bilateral inferior parietal lobule(MNI: x, y, z=±48, -51, 54), bilateral anterior cingulate cortex(MNI: x, y, z=±3, 21, 45)in patients group were significantly higher that those in control group( t values were 5.19, 5.19, 5.02, 5.02, 5.15 and 5.15, respectively). The DC and VMHC values in patients group were not significantly correlated with clinical symptoms(-0.23< r<0.19, P>0.05). Conclusion:OCD patients have abnormal connections between key brain network nodes and relevant brain regions, and functional connections have increased among multiple cerebral hemispheres.

3.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 127-132, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744758

ABSTRACT

Objective Regional homogeneity (ReHo) and functional connectivity (FC) were used to study obsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD),and to explore the mechanism of OCD in resting state.Method Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) was performed in 55 patients with OCD (OCD group) and 50 normal controls (control group) matched by sex,age,nationality and education.The data and screening abnormal brain areas were analyzed and compared by DPARSFA2.3 and Rest software in OCD group.Whole brain FC analysis was performed with abnormal brain areas as seed points.Result Compared with the control group,ReHo in right thalamus (MNI:x=9,y=-24,z=6,t=4.3217) and left superior marginal gyrus (MNI:x =-45,y =-30,z =27,t =3.6320) increased and ReHo in right caudate nucleus (MNI:x=3,y=15,z=9,t=-3.1687) decreased in obsessive-compulsive disorder group,and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).Using left superior marginal gyrus,fight thalamus and right caudate nucleus as seed voxels,the whole brain FC analysis showed that there were abnormal functional connections between bilateral cerebellar foot 1/2 area and left supramarginal gyrus,right thalamus and right caudate nucleus (P<0.05) and the left supramarginal gyrus-bilateral cerebellum feet 1 area-right thalamic circuit and left supramarginal gyrus-bilateral cerebellum feet 1,2-right caudate nucleus-right thalamic circuit existed in 0CD group.Conclusion The left supramarginal gyrus-bilateral cerebellum feet 1 area-right thalamic circuit and left supramarginal gyrus-bilateral cerebellum feet 1,2-right caudate nucleus-right thalamic circuit may play an important role in the mechanism of OCD.

4.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 54-58, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744745

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between brain white matter volume (WMV) and cognitive function (CF) in childhood and adolescence-onset schizophrenia (CAOS).Methods Forty childhood and adolescence-onset first-episode schizophrenia patients (case group) and thirty-nine healthy volunteers (control group) were selected.All subjects underwent a 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) scans for data acquisition.The Chinese version of MATRICS consensus cognitive battery(MCCB) was used to assess the cognitive function.The psychiatric symptoms of schizophrenia were assessed with the positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS).And t test was applied to compare whether there were differences in WMV,CF between the two groups.Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze whether the differences were related with cognitive function and mental symptoms.Results Compared with healthy controls,the case group exhibited WMV deficits in the region of left frontal lobe (LFL) (MNI:x =-27,y =12,z =21),right side limbic lobe (RSLL) (MNI:x =18,y =-9,z =39) and left cingulate gyrus (LCG) (MNI:x =-21,y =-18,z=45) (P<0.05).The WMV of LFL was negatively related with the total score (r=-0.344,P<0.05) and the WMV of LCG was negatively related with the positive symptoms score (r=-0.326,P<0.05) and total score (r=-0.348,P<0.05) of the PANSS.Besides,compared with the controls,the patients showed significant increase in the scores of Trail Making Test (t =3.56,P< 0.01),while significant decrease in the scores of the HVLT-R and BVMT-R(t=-5.67,-8.66,P<0.05).The WMV of RSLL was positively correlated with verbal fluency test in the case group (r=0.40,P<0.05).Conclusion CAOS patients exist multiple reduced WMV and cognitive impairment,suggesting the importance of the WMV abnormalities in the pathophysiological mechanism of cognitive impairment.

5.
Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases ; (12): 161-165, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703155

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between the structural patterns of orbitofrontal sulcogyral pattern (OSP)and the susceptibility to schizophrenia in children and adolescents patients with schizophrenia. Methods Seventy-two childhood and adolescence schizophrenia aged 6~18 years were enrolled as the case group and 78 sex-, age-, education-matched healthy children served as the control group. MR images were acquired with a 3.0 T Magnetom Symphony MRI system. Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) was used to evaluate the symptom severity of patients.The pattern type of OFC was classified based on continuity among medial (MOS),lateral (LOS)and transverse (TOS) orbital sulci according to the method of Chiavaras and Petrides'. The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) sulcogyral pattern was classified into three types(TypeⅠ,TypeⅡ,TypeⅢ)in each hemisphere. Results There were significant differences in the distribution of OFC patterns between the control and the case group (Left hemisphere: Χ2=6.668,P=0.036; Right hemisphere: Χ2=7.501,P=0.024). The linear regression analysis showed that Type Ⅲ in either hemisphere was associated with more severe symptoms in schizophrenia patients (B=7.214, P=0.008). Conclusions Type Ⅲ sulcogyral pattern may be a morphological risk marker for schizophrenia. Compared to the other two types, the Type Ⅲ expression is associated with more severe clinical symptoms.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2790-2794, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504537

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate clinical efficacy and adverse reactions(ADRs)of 4 kinds of the second-generation anti-psychotic drugs in the treatment of acute phase of schizophrenia. METHODS:159 patients with schizophrenia were randomly divid-ed into risperidone group(40 cases),olanzapine group(40 cases),aripiprazole group(39 cases)and ziprasidone group(40 cas-es). All groups were given routine dosage of relevant medicine by routine usage for 6 weeks. Mental status of patients were mea-sured by PANSS before treatment and after 2,4 and 6 weeks of treatment. At the same time,blood glucose,blood lipid,prolac-tion and other metabolic and biological indicators were all detected. RSESE,BARS and UKU were adopted to evaluate ADR. RE-SULTS:A total of 100 patients completed the study. Compared with aripiprazole group and ziprasidone group,risperidone and olan-zapine inhibited symptom more rapidly,with statistical significance (P<0.05). After treatment,body mass index and abdominal circumference of olanzapine group were significantly higher than those of other 3 groups,with statistical significance (P<0.05). Low density lipoprotein of olanzapine group was increased significantly,there was statistical significance compared to ziprasidone group and aripiprazole group(P<0.05). Prolactin level of risperidone group was significantly higher than those of other 3 groups, while that of aripiprazole group was significantly lower than those of other 3 groups,with statistical significance(P<0.05). ADRs of 4 drugs were mild or moderate,most of whom could be alleviated by symptomatic treatment. CONCLUSIONS:In the treatment of acute phase schizophrenia,4 drugs of the second-generation have similar curative effect in symptoms control,among which ris-peridone and olanzapine inhibit positive symptom more rapidly while more ADRs that related to lipid and glucose metabolism and prolactin also show. Aripiprazole and ziprasidone induce less ADRs relatively,and patients show better tolerability. Physicians should consider all kinds of factors in drugs selection,and make individualized treatment plan.

7.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 38-41, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470644

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the effect of amisulpride on the prolactin level in serum of first-episode schizophrenic patients and its relationship with symptoms.Methods 45 patients who met the DSM-IV schizophrenia diagnostic criteria and 45 age-and gender-matched healthy controls were assessed the clinical symptoms using positive and negative syndrome scale(PANSS) and pmlactin level in serum was detected using enzymelinked immunosorbent assay.Student's t test was used to compare the prolactin level before and after amisulpride treatment and correlation analysis was used to investigate the relationship between prolactin level in serum and symptoms with P<0.05 were considered significantly different.Results There was significant increase in prolactin level in serum after amisulpride treatment in first-episode schizophrenic patients((12.52±8.85) ng/ml,(52.60±22.93 ng/ml,t=12.165,P<0.001).There was a positive correlation between prolactin level in serum and reduction rate of negative symptoms (r=0.24,P<0.05).Conclusion Amisulpride can increase prolactin level in serum;and the rise of serum prolactin is closely related to the improvement of negative symptoms.

8.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 873-876, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480880

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the changes of pubescent immune response in the schizophrenia offspring induced by poly(I:C) during pregnancy and the effects on white matter.Methods The obtained pregnant rats were randomly divided into model group(n=6) and control group (n=5), receiving either poly (I:C) at a dose of 10 mg/kg diluted in 0.9% NaC1 solution or vehicle solution alone (sterile pyrogen-free 0.9% NaC1) on gestation day 9 (GD9).Immunohistochemical technique(IHC) was applied to detect the changes of microglias and astrocytes in the prefrontal cortex(PFC) and hippocampus(HC) of partly offsprings in the two groups at the sixth week,as well as Luxol fast blue(LFB) for the changes of white matter.The other offsprings of each group were selected for behavioral assessment at the eighth week.Results The results of prepulse inhibition test showed that PP2, PP4 and PP8 of model groups were significantly lower than that of the control group at young adult(P<0.01).In passive avoidance test, and the T1 results of model group were significantly higher than those of the control group, the T results of model group were lower than those of control group (P< 0.01).Immunohistochemical results indicated that the number of microglias in the model group((264±33)/mm2, (271 ±38)/mm2) was significantly increased in PFC and HC than that in the control group((140±29)/mm2, (169±37)/mm2, P<0.05) ,which was accompanied with significant morphological changes, while the OD value of astrocyte protein expression in the frontal lobe and hippocampus had no obvious difference between the model group and control group(P>0.05).The OD value of LFB staining for myelin in the model group(0.29±0.02) was significantly decreased compared with that in the control group(0.33±0.03)(P<0.01).Conclusion The young adult offsprings with prenatal infection present obvious schizophrenia-like behavior, meanwhile, the microglias activation and demyelination changes in white matter are observed,which provides more evidence for the relationship between immune response and white matter in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia.

9.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 728-731, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455553

ABSTRACT

Objective By analyzing the changes in behavior and the myelin basic protein (MBP) of the offspring in adult that treated with Poly(I∶C) during pregnancy,and to understand the role of white matter abnormalities in the abnormal behavior of the offspring induced by infection in maternal hosts.Methods Two models maternal female rats were given Poly(I∶ C) with 5 mg/kg and 10mg/kg respectively during the early pregnancy,and control maternal female rats was administered 5 mg/kg saline.The prepulse inhibition test,passive avoidance test and active avoidance test were used to evaluate schizophrenia like behaviors for each groups offspring in 8 weeks,and the expression of MBP was detected by immunohistochemical staining methods.Results The results of prepulse inhibition test showed that significant differences of PP2,PP4 and PP8 results existed among control group,single-dose model group and double-dose model group (F=10.381,P=0.001,F=10.313,P=0.001,F=15.233,P=0.000).Compared with the control group,the two model groups showed significantly lower,the double-dose model group was lower than single-dose model group (P<0.05).In passive avoidance test,there were significant differences of T1 and T2 results existed among control group,single-dose model group and double-dose model group (F=23.555,P=0.000,F=17.524,P=0.000).The T1 results of two model groups were significantly higher than control group,the double-dose model group was significantly higher than single-dose model group (P<0.05) ; the T2 results of two model groups were lower than control group,the double-dose model group was lower than single-dose model group(P<0.05).The results of passive avoidance test indicated that significant differences existed among control group,single-dose model group and double-dose model group in whole period of testing and total conditioned response rate(F=8.631,P=0.000,F=6.986,P=0.001),the two model groups were significantly lower than control group,double-dose model group was significantly lower than single-dose model group (P<0.05).MBP results of two model groups were significantly lower than control group,two model groups had no significant difference (P> 0.05).Conclusion The adult offspring that were treated with Poly (I∶C) exit abnormal behavior and damaged white matter,and there is a correlation between the degree of abnormal behavior and drug dose.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL