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Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 889-895, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988595


@#Periodontitis is a widespread disease worldwide, with the primary cause of tissue loss being an immune inflammatory response mediated by bacteria. Increasing evidence has revealed a significant correlation between mitochondrial dysfunction and the occurrence and progression of periodontitis. This paper provides a review of current research on the role of mitochondrial dysfunction in the occurrence and development of periodontitis and related therapies from the perspectives of oxidative stress, inflammatory responses, and the regulation of mitochondrial homeostasis. Mitochondria are the main source and target of cellular reactive oxygen species. Mitochondrial dysfunction can generate large amounts of reactive oxygen species, exacerbating local oxidative stress in periodontal tissues and causing cell toxicity and tissue damage. Mitochondria are also the center of cellular inflammatory responses, and the positive feedback loop of inflammation induced by mitochondrial dysfunction may explain the persistent and unresolved nature of periodontitis. Biomaterials loaded with pharmacological agents show potential in restoring mitochondrial function, controlling the development of periodontitis, and promoting periodontal tissue regeneration. However, the key sites of mitochondrial dysfunction in the occurrence and development of periodontitis are not yet fully understood, and the improvement of mitochondrial function in periodontal therapy is still in the experimental stage. Future research efforts should focus on the effect of mitochondrial dysfunction on periodontal cells and explore its specific mechanism in the occurrence and progression of periodontitis in order to provide new insights into the treatment of periodontitis.

Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 383-389, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821965


@#In recent years, due to precise control of the amorphous mineral precursor in the demineralization of dentine collagen fibers in orderly deposition, forming apatite crystals similar to the natural mineralized dentin, the bottom-up remineralization approach which does not depend on the existence of seed crystallites, dentin biomimetic mineralization techniques gradually become a hotspot in the research field of restoration of demineralized dentin caused by dental caries. This paper reviews the changing concepts and practices of the remineralization of demineralized dentin, emphasizing biomimetic remineralization studies. The results of the literature review show that the traditional dentin remineralization method is usually a disordered mixture of demineralized dentin and minerals, so mineralized dentin is not comparable to natural mineralized dentin in terms of the morphological characteristics and mechanical properties. With its gradual increase in recent years, dentine biomimetic mineralization technology perfectly resembles the minerals in the dentin overlapping sequence arranged with the dentine collagen fiber structure characteristics, leading to greatly improved microstructural, physical and chemical properties. As a result, dentine biomimetic mineralization technology is expected to achieve new breakthroughs in the fields of resin-dentin bonding mixing layers and the decay of dentin. At present, the technical obstacles that need to be overcome in the clinical application of the biomimetic remineralization of dentin are how to continuously supplement all the active ingredients needed for mineralization in the process of remineralization and how to keep the mechanical properties of the parent material unchanged while slowly releasing all ingredients. Researchers have successively proposed three-step transportation of the biomimetic remineralization of raw materials, as well as the preparation of mineralization precursors stabilized by polymers in advance and the reuse of mesoporous silicon nanomaterials for the transportation of the mineralized ingredient system. The concept described above provides the preliminary in vitro experimental basis for the transformation of the biomimetic remineralization strategy of dentin in clinical applications.