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Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-175741


During the survey of the North Tarai forests of Uttar Pradesh for Foliicolous Fungi during February, 2011 to October, 2013 in Bhinga Forest Range, Shrawasti Forest Division, Shrawasti (Uttar Pradesh, India) we came across one hundred fifteen fungal species representing forty six fungal genera inhabiting one hundred forty angiospermic host plants representing forty families. It was surprising to note and record that there are thirty nine novel fungal species and nineteen new host records.

Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-175710


An ethno-medicinal survey was undertaken in the North Tarai Forests of Uttar Pradesh for the documentation of ethno-medicinal information of plants and herbs used for the treatment of various ailments in the area by traditional healers as well as rural inhabitants. The North Tarai region of U. P. has well blessed phytodiversity in its green natural forests as well as rich ethnic and rural communities. The rural inhabitants of the area are still far from modern civilization so they are totally dependent on forests for their various needs specially for healthcare. Due to the presence of rich traditional knowledge of medicine and great faith and belief on Ayurvedic and Siddha system of medicine the rural inhabitants use herbal medication. During the ethno medicinal survey we found one hundred forty plant species in which one hundred ten plant species belonging to ninety five genera representing fifty one families were reported which were being used for the treatment of headache. The present work was undertaken for the treatment of headache. The investigation was performed by collection of medicinal plants in consultation with local healers, rural dwellers, as well as medicine venders. Questionnaire method was adopted for the documentation of ethno medicinal information. Various medicinal plant parts viz. leaves, flowers, bark, latex, seeds, rhizome, root, as well as whole plant part were being used as ethnomedicine. Mostly medicines were used externally while somewhere also being used internally. For each plant species details of scientific name, author name, family name and vernacular name as well as method and mode of medicine administration are described in the text. In conclusion the North-Tarai region of U. P. disposes great diversity of medicinal plants as well as large phytotherapeutic knowledge which are to be scientifically investigated and needed to be conserved.

Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-175708


In this study the medicinal plants used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus is inventoried based on the ethno pharmacological survey in Bahraich district of Uttar Pradesh. Bahraich is well blessed with phytodiversity which is a rich source of medicinal plants as well as ethnic communities. The remote locality, poverty, illiteracy and lack of touch with modern civilization make them confined to hold on traditional faith hence they are wholly dependent on indigenous plants for the treatment of diabetes as well as other ailments. For the purpose traditional herbal healers as well as experienced elder persons were interviewed. The result indicated that the rural people use phytotherapy because it is cheaper, more efficient and without any side effect than modern medicine. In this ethno-medicinal enquiry sixty five species of medicinal plants belonging to sixty five genera representing thirty two families are cited which were used for the treatment of diabetes in the area. Many parameters have been evaluated such as knowledge of the method of medicine preparation, plant part used for medicinal purpose, doses and mode of administration. Many different plants have been used individually or in formulations with other plants. A list of medicinal plants with anti-diabetic properties which were mostly used in the treatment of diabetes are Allium sativum, Aegle marmelos, Azadirachta indica, Curcuma longa, Emblica officinalis, Gymnema sylvestre, Mangifera indica, Momordica charantia, Syzygium cumunii, Trigonella foenum-geaecum, Terminelia bellerica, Terminelia chebula and Zingiber officinale etc. In conclusion Bahraich district disposes a large phytotherapeutic knowledge which are to be scientifically investigated.