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1.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 161-166, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970462

ABSTRACT

Systemic lupus erythematosus combined with chorea is relatively rare in China,and there are no unified diagnostic criteria or specific ancillary tests.Therefore,it is confirmed by exclusionary clinical diagnosis.To improve the understanding of this disease among rheumatologists,we report the clinical data of a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus combined with chorea admitted to the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology in the First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University in January 2022.Furthermore,we review the relevant literature in the past 10 years and summarize the clinical features of these cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chorea/diagnosis , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , China , Hospitalization , Hospitals
2.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 382-389, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981277

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the overall level,distribution characteristics,and differences in household fine particulate matter (PM2.5) pollution caused by fuel burning in urban and rural areas in China. Methods The relevant articles published from 1991 to 2021 were retrieved and included in this study.The data including the average concentration of household PM2.5 and urban and rural areas were extracted,and the stoves and fuel types were reclassified.The average concentration of PM2.5 in different areas was calculated and analyzed by nonparametric test. Results The average household PM2.5 concentration in China was (178.81±249.91) μg/m3.The mean household PM2.5 concentration was higher in rural areas than in urban areas[(206.08±279.40) μg/m3 vs. (110.63±131.16) μg/m3;Z=-5.45,P<0.001] and higher in northern areas than in southern areas[(224.27±301.66) μg/m3 vs.(130.11±140.61) μg/m3;Z=-2.38,P=0.017].The north-south difference in household PM2.5 concentration was more significant in rural areas than in urban areas[(324.19±367.94) μg/m3 vs.(141.20±151.05) μg/m3,χ2=-5.06,P<0.001].The PM2.5 pollution level showed differences between urban and rural households using different fuel types (χ2=92.85,P<0.001),stove types (χ2=74.42,P<0.001),and whether they were heating (Z=-4.43,P<0.001).Specifically,rural households mainly used solid fuels (manure,charcoal,coal) and traditional or improved stoves,while urban households mainly used clean fuels (gas) and clean stoves.The PM2.5 concentrations in heated households were higher than those in non-heated households in both rural and urban areas (Z=-4.43,P<0.001). Conclusions The household PM2.5 pollution caused by fuel combustion in China remains a high level.The PM2.5 concentration shows a significant difference between urban and rural households,and the PM2.5 pollution is more serious in rural households.The difference in the household PM2.5 concentration between urban and rural areas is more significant in northern China.PM2.5 pollution in the households using solid fuel,traditional stoves,and heating is serious,and thus targeted measures should be taken to control PM2.5 pollution in these households.


Subject(s)
Humans , Particulate Matter/analysis , Air Pollution, Indoor/analysis , Cooking , Environmental Exposure/analysis , China , Rural Population
3.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2069-2075, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954973

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the effect of programming-based neuroverbal psychological intervention on the mental health and coping mode of caregivers.Methods:Chinese and English databases such as PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, WanFang, VIP and literature on the impact of neuro-linguistic programming on nursing mental health and response methods were collected. The retrieval time limit was from self-built library to January 2022.Quality evaluation and data collation of the included literature were conducted. All data were analyzed by Meta-analysis using RevMan5.4, Stata15.0 software.Results:7 literature articles were included, a total of 1 293 nursing staff, the results of Meta-analysis showed that the psychological intervention experimental group applying neuro-linguistic programming was in somatization ( MD = -0.31, 95% CI -0.34 - -0.28, P<0.001), interpersonal relationship sensitive ( MD = -0.36, 95% CI -0.53 - -0.19, P<0.001), depression ( MD = -0.98, 95% CI -1.54 - -0.42, P = 0.006), anxiety ( MD = -0.97, 95% CI -1.43 - -0.51, P<0.001), adversary ( MD = -0.29, 95% CI -0.52 - -0.06, P = 0.010), remorse ( MD = 0.25, 95% CI 0.16 - 0.34, P<0.001), help ( MD = -0.42, 95% CI -0.58 - -0.27, P<0.001), fantasy ( MD = 0.25, 95% CI 0.22 - 0.29, P<0.001), retreat ( MD = 1.06, 95% CI 0.37 - 1.76, P = 0.003) was statistically different when compared to the control groups. Conclusion:Psychological intervention based on neurolinguistic programming has a significant positive effect on mental health and coping style of nursing staff, which can reduce psychological emotions and improve coping ability.

4.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 276-279, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864388

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the impact and practicability of pluralistic management when puerpera with hepatitis B virus (HBV) in hospital.Methods:By review researching and convenient sampling, two groups of puerpera with HBV were studied comparatively by the index of the time of breast milk, the breastfeeding rate and the satisfaction rate in hospital.The control group (411 cases, January to December, 2017) carried on the normal regulations nursing and the observation group (411 cases, January to October, 2018) carried on the pluralistic management in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of the Fifth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital.Results:The rate of the starting time of milk secretion (<24, 24-48, 49-72, >72 h) was 29.4%(121/411), 36.0%(148/411), 24.6%(101/411), 1.0%(41/411) in the observation group, and 13.6%(56/411), 21.7%(89/411), 33.3%(137/411), 31.4%(129/411) in the control group. The differences between the two groups were significant ( χ2 value was 7.66-57.43, all P<0.01). Postpartum hospital stay in 3 days and 6 days, the breastfeeding rate and average rate was 90.4%(198/219), 95.3%(183/192), 92.7%(381/411) in the observation group, and 79.0%(180/228), 84.2%(154/183), 81.3%(334/411) in the control group, the differences between the two groups were significant ( χ2 value was 11.13, 12.7, 23.61, all P<0.01). The total satisfaction rate in hospital was 99.5%(409/411) in the observation group, and 91.2%(375/411) in the control group, the difference between the two groups was significant ( χ2 value was 31.93, P<0.01). Conclusions:Pluralistic management can raise the rate of breastfeeding of puerpera with HBV and the satisfaction of puerpera with HBV and her family.

5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 276-279, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799790

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To discuss the impact and practicability of pluralistic management when puerpera with hepatitis B virus (HBV) in hospital.@*Methods@#By review researching and convenient sampling, two groups of puerpera with HBV were studied comparatively by the index of the time of breast milk, the breastfeeding rate and the satisfaction rate in hospital.The control group (411 cases, January to December, 2017) carried on the normal regulations nursing and the observation group (411 cases, January to October, 2018) carried on the pluralistic management in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of the Fifth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital.@*Results@#The rate of the starting time of milk secretion (<24, 24-48, 49-72, >72 h) was 29.4%(121/411), 36.0%(148/411), 24.6%(101/411), 1.0%(41/411) in the observation group, and 13.6%(56/411), 21.7%(89/411), 33.3%(137/411), 31.4%(129/411) in the control group. The differences between the two groups were significant (χ2 value was 7.66-57.43, all P<0.01). Postpartum hospital stay in 3 days and 6 days, the breastfeeding rate and average rate was 90.4%(198/219), 95.3%(183/192), 92.7%(381/411) in the observation group, and 79.0%(180/228), 84.2%(154/183), 81.3%(334/411) in the control group, the differences between the two groups were significant (χ2 value was 11.13, 12.7, 23.61, all P<0.01). The total satisfaction rate in hospital was 99.5%(409/411) in the observation group, and 91.2%(375/411) in the control group, the difference between the two groups was significant (χ2 value was 31.93, P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#Pluralistic management can raise the rate of breastfeeding of puerpera with HBV and the satisfaction of puerpera with HBV and her family.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 712-718, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797502

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish comprehensive understanding of the self-rated health of the Chinese doctors and nurses and probe into their influencing factors.@*Methods@#Data were drawn from a hospital performance survey, which was conducted by the Peking Union School of Public Health from March 18th to April 9th, 2019, among the 144 tertiary public hospitals in 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities. The survey included a cell-phone based questionnaire filled out by the sampled doctors and nurses, in which they were asked to rate their health using a 5-level Likert scale(from " very poor" to " very good" ). Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyze the differences in self-rated health between doctors and nurses. Chi-square test and two-class multivariate logistic regression were performed to analyze factors affecting self-rated health of the providers.@*Results@#Among the 144 sample hospitals, the proportion of doctors, who rated their health as " healthy" , was 20.30%(4 979/24 529), that of nurses was 28.92%(8 361/28 910). It was worse than that in some developed countries and lower than the general population in China. Multi-variate analysis showed that adequate sleeping time, satisfaction with the work and with the doctor-patient relationship, were positively associated with the level of self-rated health of the sampled doctors and nurses(P<0.05). It was also found that the longer the average weekly working time, the higher the recognition of " the work load is too heavy" , the lower the proportion of doctors and nurses who rated their health as " healthy" (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Sleep time, job satisfaction, workload and doctor-patient relationship are important factors affecting self-rated health of the Chinese doctors and nurses.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 712-718, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792198

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish comprehensive understanding of the self-rated health of the Chinese doctors and nurses and probe into their influencing factors. Methods Data were drawn from a hospital performance survey, which was conducted by the Peking Union School of Public Health from March 18th to April 9th, 2019, among the 144 tertiary public hospitals in 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities. The survey included a cell-phone based questionnaire filled out by the sampled doctors and nurses, in which they were asked to rate their health using a 5-level Likert scale(from " very poor" to " very good" ). Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyze the differences in self-rated health between doctors and nurses. Chi-square test and two-class multivariate logistic regression were performed to analyze factors affecting self-rated health of the providers. Results Among the 144 sample hospitals, the proportion of doctors, who rated their health as " healthy" , was 20.30% (4 979/24 529), that of nurses was 28.92% (8 361/28 910). It was worse than that in some developed countries and lower than the general population in China. Multi-variate analysis showed that adequate sleeping time, satisfaction with the work and with the doctor-patient relationship, were positively associated with the level of self-rated health of the sampled doctors and nurses(P<0.05). It was also found that the longer the average weekly working time, the higher the recognition of " the work load is too heavy" , the lower the proportion of doctors and nurses who rated their health as " healthy" (P <0.05). Conclusions Sleep time, job satisfaction, workload and doctor-patient relationship are important factors affecting self-rated health of the Chinese doctors and nurses.

8.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1384-1387, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620372

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe and study the influence degree of strengthen training for family members for the treatment compliance and unhealthy lifestyle of patients with diabetes mellitus. Methods A total of 64 patients with diabetes mellitus from January 2015 to March 2016 were selected and divided into two groups by the method of random number table,32 patients in control group were taken care with routine nursing of diabetes mellitus,32 patients in observation group were taken care with strengthen training for family members,then the treatment compliance,related knowledge cognition of unhealthy lifestyle and unhealthy lifestyle situation of two groups before the intervention and at 4th, 8th and 12th week after the intervention were compared. Results The treatment compliance, related knowledge cognition of unhealthy lifestyle and unhealthy lifestyle situation of two groups before the intervention all had no obvious differences (all P>0.05). The treatment compliance at 4th, 8th and 12th week after intervention were (6.26 ± 0.32), (6.95 ± 0.36), (7.28 ± 0.40) scores in observation group, and (5.23 ± 0.29), (6.01 ± 0.30), (6.30 ± 0.33) scores in control group, and the differences were significant (t=8.253, 9.201, 10.257, all P<0.05). The related knowledge cognition of unhealthy lifestyle at 4th, 8th and 12th week after intervention were (80.78±5.90), (89.44±6.02), (93.43±6.20) scores in observation group, and (73.38± 5.73), (77.93±5.84), (82.20±6.01) scores in control group, and the differences were significant (t=11.258,12.563, 13.324, all P<0.05 ). The unhealthy lifestyle situation at 4th, 8th and 12th week after intervention were 75.00%(24/32), 90.63%(29/32), 96.88%(31/32) in observation group, and 59.38%(19/32), 68.75%(22/32),78.13%(25/32) in control group, and the differences were significant (χ2=7.251, 7.468, 9.169, all P<0.05). Conclusions The influence of strengthen training for family members for the treatment compliance and unhealthy lifestyle of patients with diabetes mellitus are more active, so the value of strengthen training for family members of patients with diabetes mellitus is higher.

9.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 471-480, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812519

ABSTRACT

A method coupling ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometer (Qtof MS) using the electrospray ionization (ESI) source was developed for the identification of the major saponins from Panax notoginseng powder (PNP). Ten different PNP samples were analyzed and evaluated for their quality by similarity evaluation and principle component analysis (PCA). Based on the accurate mass, summarized characteristic fragmentation behaviors, retention times of different types of saponins, related botanical biogenesis, and reported chromatographic behavior of saponins, fifty-one common peaks were effectively separated and identified, including 28 protopanaxadiol saponins and 18 protopanaxatriol saponins. Simultaneously, 15 significant discrepancy compounds were identified from the disqualified PNP samples. The established UPLC/Qtof MS fingerprint method was successfully applied for profiling and identifying the major saponins of PNP, providing a fast quality evaluation tool for distinguishing the authentic PNP and the adulterated products.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Panax notoginseng , Chemistry , Powders , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Methods
10.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 1137-1139,1140, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602579

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of microRNA(miR)-21 on proliferation and differentiation of murine pulmonary fibroblasts. Methods C57BL/6 mice of SPF grade (n=24) were randomly divided into Sham group and Pulmo?nary fibrosis model group with 12 mice in each group. Pulmonary fibrosis model was established by trans-tracheal jet ventila?tion of bleomycin into mice. The transcription levels of miR-21 were examined by quantitative real-time PCR in various pul?monary fibrosis tissues. Primary fibroblast were isolated and digested by Trypsin then inoculated into 6 well plate to reach confluence of 30%-50%. PBS (2.5μL), negative control stock solution and miR-21 mimic stock solution (20μmol/L) were added into Opti-MEM (50μL) as control group, blank group and miR-21 mimic group respectively.The cell viability was as?sessed by CCK-8. Expressions of ADAMTS-1 and TGF-β1 in the pulmonary fibroblasts were tested using Western blot. Re?sults The expression of miR-21 was significantly increased in lungs of mice in pulmonary fibrosis model group than that in sham group. Expression of miR-21 was higher in miR-21 mimic group than that in control group and blank group. Expres?sion of miR-21 was significantly higher with better cell viability in miR-21 mimic group than that in control group and blank group. The expression of ADAMTS-1 was significantly decreased in miR-21mimic group, while the expression of TGF-β1, a target gene of miR-21, was significantly increased in miR-21 mimic group compared with the other two groups. There is no significant different in expressions of ADAMTS-1 and TGF-β1 between control group and blank group. Conclusion Over?expression of miR-21 in pulmonary fibroblasts disrupts TGF-β1 signaling pathway by reducing expression of ADAMTS-1, which promotes the proliferation and differentiation of pulmonary fibroblast.

11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3910-3917, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319680

ABSTRACT

To investigate the chemical constituents of the processed rhizomes of Panax notoginseng, their 70% ethanol extract was chromatographed on macroporous resin (SP825), silica gel, RP-C18 and semi-preparative HPLC to afford compounds 1-23. On the basis of physicochemical properties and spectral data analysis, their structures were identified to be 6'-O-Acetylginsenoside Rh1 (1), ginsenoside RK3 (2), ginsenoside Rh4 (3), 20S-ginsenoside Rg3 (4), ginsenoside Rk1 (5), 20R-ginsenoside Rg3 (6), ginsenoside Rg5 (7), ginsenoside F2 (8), 20S-ginsenoside Rh1 (9), 20R-ginsenoside Rh1 (10), gypenoside X VII (11), notoginsenoside Fa, (12), ginsenoside Ra3 (13), ginsenoside Rg1 (14), ginsenoside Re (15), notoginsenoside R2 (16), ginsenoside Rg2 (17), notoginsenoside R1 (18), ginsenoside Rd (19), ginsenoside Rb1 (20), notoginsenoside D (21), notoginsenoside R4 (22) and ginsenoside Rb2 (23), respectively. Among them, compound 1 was isolated from P. notoginseng for the first time, and compounds 4, 6, 8 and 11 were isolated from the processed P. notoginseng for the first time. According to the fingerprint profiles of raw and processed P. notoginseng, the putative chemical conversion pathways of panoxatriol and panoxadiol compounds in the processing procedure was deduced, and the results revealed the main reactions to be dehydration and glycosyl hydrolysis.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Compounding , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Panax , Chemistry , Rhizome , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 836-843, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276235

ABSTRACT

Ginsenosides, belonging to a group of saponins with triterpenoid dammarane skeleton, show a variety of pharmacological effects. Among them, some ginsenoside derivatives, which can be produced by acidic and alkaline hydrolysis, biotransformation and steamed process from the major ginsenosides in ginseng plant, perform stronger activities than the major primeval ginsenosides on inhibiting growth or metastasis of tumor, inducing apoptosis and differentiation of tumor and reversing multidrug resistance of tumor. Therefore ginsenoside derivatives are promising as antitumor active compounds and drugs. In this review, the derivatization methods, ginsenoside derivatives and their anti-tumor structure-activity relationship have been summarized for providing useful information for the research and development of novel antitumor drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Chemistry , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Ginsenosides , Chemistry , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Hydrolysis , Neoplasms , Pathology , Panax , Chemistry , Classification , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Structure-Activity Relationship
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 836-43, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431012

ABSTRACT

Ginsenosides, belonging to a group of saponins with triterpenoid dammarane skeleton, show a variety of pharmacological effects. Among them, some ginsenoside derivatives, which can be produced by acidic and alkaline hydrolysis, biotransformation and steamed process from the major ginsenosides in ginseng plant, perform stronger activities than the major primeval ginsenosides on inhibiting growth or metastasis of tumor, inducing apoptosis and differentiation of tumor and reversing multidrug resistance of tumor. Therefore ginsenoside derivatives are promising as antitumor active compounds and drugs. In this review, the derivatization methods, ginsenoside derivatives and their anti-tumor structure-activity relationship have been summarized for providing useful information for the research and development of novel antitumor drugs.

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