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Indian J Med Microbiol ; 2015 Jan-Mar ; 33 (1): 139-142
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-157006


A quantitative study was undertaken to determine the expression level of different effl ux pumps in multi-drug-resistant (MDR) Escherichia coli isolates from urinary infection. We have determined the presence of different effl ux pumps and measured the expression level of tolC, mdfA, norE and ynfA genes among 48 isolates by quantitative real-time PCR. The expression level of tolC and ynfA was constantly high and observed among 75-80% of isolates, whereas mdfA and norE were expressed occasionally. Our fi ndings suggest that ynfA, a new SMR effl ux pump gene family member increases the antibiotics’ resistance in E. coli.

Indian J Exp Biol ; 2007 Aug; 45(8): 744-8
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-59880


Phenolic extract of leaves of Basilicum polystachyon (L) Moench was tested for in vitro antimicrobial activity against five bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus leuteus) and three fungi (Fusarium oxysporum, Aspergillus niger, Helminthosporium oryzae). Efficacy of organic solvents, methanol and ethanol, as agents for extraction was compared with acidic water (2M; HCl). High-pressure liquid chromatographic (HPLC) data showed that acidic extraction (2M; HCl) resulted in higher yield of caffeic acid (0.437 mg g(-1)) and rosmarinic acid (0.919 mg g(-1)). Acidic extract showed high activity against Gram (+) ve bacteria, but was less active against Gram (-) ve bacteria. Amongst the tested fungi, maximum activity was exhibited against Aspergillus niger. This is the first report on the phenolic constituents and bioactivity of B. polystachyon.

Anti-Infective Agents/isolation & purification , Bacteria/drug effects , Caffeic Acids/isolation & purification , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Cinnamates/isolation & purification , Depsides/isolation & purification , Fungi/drug effects , Lamiaceae/chemistry , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Solvents/chemistry