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1.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 258-266, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-180043

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To study short to mid-term outcome of surgically managed elderly patients of tuberculous spondylodiscitis with posterior only approach in terms of decision making and challenges in treatment, choice of implants and outcomes. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Tuberculous spondylodiscitis in the elderly is increasing due to longer survival rates. It presents with varied clinical manifestations needing surgical management. Management in tuberculous spondylodiscitis has been scarcely reported in the elderly, with a paucity of data on the choice of implants and approach. METHODS: Sixteen patients (five males, 11 females) older than 70-years-of-age culture and/or histopathology proven tuberculous spondylodiscitis were included in the study. All patients were operated using a single posterior approach. Pedicle screw with rods (PS/rods) or spinal loop with sublaminar wires (SL/SLW) were used for fixation. Clinical and surgical details were recorded. Sagittal correction achieved postoperatively and loss of correction at follow-up were noted. RESULTS: The mean age was 73.6 years (range, 70 to 80 years). The mean follow up was 44.5 months (range, 24 to 84 months). The mean immediate postoperative correction of sagittal deformity was 11.3 degrees; this correction was lost by a mean of 3.1 degrees at last follow-up. All 10 patients with deficit showed neurological recovery and all but one of the seven non-walkers were capable of independent ambulation at follow-up. Patients with SL/SLW and PS/rods had similar radiological outcome at final follow up. CONCLUSIONS: Operative management gives satisfactory results in elderly patients with tuberculous spondylodiscitis. The posterior approach provides adequate exposure for decompression and rigid fixation, providing satisfactory clinical and radiological outcomes. SSL/SLW and pedicle screw rod construct both give similar radiological results if used appropriately in patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Congenital Abnormalities , Decision Making , Decompression , Discitis , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Tuberculosis , Walking
2.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 245-248, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316808

ABSTRACT

Type 2 manubriosternal dislocations with concomitant spinal fracture are rare and may be associated with thoracic visceral injuries. The complication of delayed haemothorax has not been reported yet. We report a case of a young male who suffered manubriosternal dislocation with chance type thoracic spine fracture due to fall of a tree branch over his back. The haemothorax presented late on day three. The possible injury mechanism is discussed along with review of literature. We conclude that a lateral chest radiograph is indicated in spinal fracture patients complaining of midsternal pain. Computerized axial tomography scan of chest with contrast is indicated to rule out visceral injuries and a chest radiograph should be repeated before the patient is discharged to look for delayed haemothorax.


Subject(s)
Adult , Hemothorax , Humans , Joint Dislocations , Diagnostic Imaging , Male , Manubrium , Wounds and Injuries , Radiography, Thoracic , Spinal Fractures , Diagnostic Imaging , Sternum , Wounds and Injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries
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