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1.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 325-330, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932980

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To analysis the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on nocturnal blood pressure in patients complicated with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and different circadian rhythms of hypertension.Methods:A total of 61 eligible patients were monitored by overnight polysomnography (PSG) at the Sleep Center of the Affiliated Huaian No.1 People′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between January 2020 and April 2021. During the period of PSG monitoring, continuous non-invasive blood pressure (BP) and heart rate variability (HRV) were monitored simultaneously. Frequency domain analysis was used to measure HRV and low/high frequency was used to indirectly reflect sympathetic activity. According to the nighttime systolic BP decrease rate, patients were divided into three groups: dipper pattern (descent rate ≥10%), non-dipper pattern (descent rate was less than 10% but higher than 0) and reverse dipper pattern (descent rate≤0). The PSG parameters, BP data as well as sympathetic activity etc. were compared within and among groups before and after CPAP treatment. Multiple linear regression analyses were used to explore the influencing factors of antihypertensive effect of CPAP.Results:There were no significant differences in awake systolic BP (SBP) values, the severity of OSAHS, ESS scores, awake sympathetic activity and the other baseline data among the three groups. After CPAP treatment, the mean value of asleep BP in entire group showed a modest decline as compared to the baseline values [SBP decreased 4.6 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa); diastolic blood pressure (DBP) decreased 2.4 mmHg, both P<0.001]. Subgroup analysis showed a significant reduction in asleep SBP of 11.1 mmHg and DBP of 4.9 mmHg (both P<0.001) in reverse dipper group, respectively, compared with the baseline values. While in dipper and non-dipper group, there were no significant differences before and after CPAP treatment in terms of BP (both P>0.05). In addition, there was no difference in awake sympathetic activity among three groups, while sleep sympathetic activity showed a gradual increasing trend. Sleep sympathetic activity decreased significantly from baseline after CPAP treatment in reverse dipper group ( P<0.001), while no differences were found in the other two groups before and after treatment. After controlling for baseline data such as age etc., the line regression model showed that the antihypertensive effect of CPAP was correlated with reverse dipper (SBP: β=0.548, P=0.002; DBP: β=0.454, P=0.013) and the improvement of nocturnal MpO 2 (SBP: β=0.410, P=0.046), but not with the severity of OSAHS, daytime sleepiness, or baseline BP values. Conclusion:For patients with moderate to severe OSAHS and hypertension, reverse dipper is an effective indicator to predict the antihypertensive effect of CPAP therapy.

2.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 321-324, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931615

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of early intervention with low-dose dobutamine on pneumonia complicated with sepsis.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 200 patients with pneumonia complicated by sepsis who received treatment in the First People's Hospital of Taizhou from January 2015 to January 2018. We divided these patients into control and observation groups with 100 patients/group according to different treatment methods. The control group was treated with immunoglobulin and methylprednisolone and given ventilator-assisted ventilation. The observation group was given low-dose dobutamine based on the treatments given in the control group. Clinical efficacy, pulmonary function, the incidence of adverse reactions, length of hospital stay, time to dyspnea disappearance, organ failure rate, and mortality were compared between the two groups.Results:Total response rate was significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group [96.0% (96/100) vs. 77.0% (77/100), χ2 = 15.45, P < 0.05]. After treatment, improvements in the pulmonary function indexes [forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in one second, and forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity] in the observation group were superior compared with those in the control group ( t = -15.25, -34.56, -3.77, all P < 0.001). Length of hospital stay and time to dyspnea disappearance in the observation group were (4.23 ± 0.89) days and (3.21 ± 0.58) days, respectively, which were significantly shorter than those in the control group [(8.96 ± 1.58) days, (7.26 ± 0.24) days, t = -26.08, -64.52, both P < 0.001]. The incidence of adverse reactions, incidence of organ failure, and mortality in the observation group were 2.0% (2/100), 1.0% (1/100) and 2.0% (2/100) respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [18.0% (18/100), 20.0% (20/100), 10.0% (10/100), χ2 = 16.80, 19.20, 5.67, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Early intervention with low-dose dobutamine for the treatment of pneumonia complicated by sepsis can greatly improve clinical efficacy, reduce adverse reactions, decrease the incidence of organ failure and mortality, improve pulmonary function, and shorten the length of hospital stay and time to dyspnea disappearance.

3.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1150-1154, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958635

ABSTRACT

Objective:To test the HIV virus nucleic acid using immunoblot method (Western blotting, WB) and to follow-up with the negative and indeterminate samples in the Dujiangyan area, compare the WB and nucleic acid results before and after followed-up, and try to reduce the WB band′s false-negatives and false-positives.Methods:The 286 suspected HIV infection samples in the Dujiangyan region from January to October 2021 were confirmed by WB, the HIV virus load were tested for the samples that were WB negative and WB indeterminate, those patients were followed-up with epidemiological history and viral load results, and the results before and after tracking were compared.Results:In the 286 samples of suspected HIV infection included in this study, we reported 213 (74.48%) WB positive, 37 WB negative (12.94%), and 36 WB indeterminate (12.58%); 10 of 37 WB negative samples were followed-up; 18 of 36 WB indeterminate samples were followed-up. Among the followed-up WB negative and indeterminate samples, 17 of them had virus nucleic acid detection prior to the follow-up, and all of them turned positive after following-up. The others with no previous virus nucleic acid detection were confirmed to be negative.Conclusions:Among the followed-up samples, 2 samples were false-negative in WB negative results, and 3 were false-positive in WB indeterminate results. The viral nucleic acid must be tested and followed-up in WB negative and indeterminate samples.

4.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 220-225, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910829

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To investigate the common risk factors for excess daytime sleepiness (EDS) and hypertension in obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome(OSAHS) patients.Methods:Between January 2020 and February 2021, a total of 103 OSAHS patients diagnosed in the Department of Sleep Medicine Center, the Affiliated Huaian No.1 People′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were enrolled as the study population. During polysomnography (PSG) monitoring, noninvasive continuous blood pressure (BP) and heart rate variability (HRV) were monitored simultaneously. Low/high frequency components (LF/HF) were used to reflect sympathetic-vagal balance in frequency domain analysis. According to Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and BP levels, patients were divided into four groups: simple OSAHS group (ESS<10 scores and BP<140/90 mmHg, n=30)(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), OSAHS+hypertension group (ESS<10 scores and BP≥140/90 mmHg, n=23), OSAHS+EDS group (ESS≥10 scores and BP<140/90 mmHg, n=26) and OSAHS+hypertension+EDS group (ESS≥10scores and BP≥140/90 mmHg, n=24). The clinical and PSG parameters were analyzed and compared among the four groups. Regression analyses were used to explore the common causative factors for EDS and hypertension. Results:The LF/HF in OSAHS+hypertension+EDS group was significantly higher than the other three groups [3.2% (2.6%, 4.2%) vs 1.4% (1.2%, 1.6%), 2.2% (1.8%, 2.9%), 2.5% (1.6%, 3.1%), all P<0.05]. No difference was observed between OSAHS+hypertension group and OSAHS+EDS group ( P=0.779), but both higher than simple OSAHS group. The linear regression equation showed that LF/HF was most correlated with the percentage of sleep time with oxygen saturation<90% (T90) as compared to the other parameters of sleep disordered breathing (β=0.201, P=0.006). In addition, Pearson correlation analysis showed that LF/HF was significantly correlated with ESS scores and asleep BP levels ( r=0.536, r=0.456, all P<0.05). The logical regression equation showed that LF/HF was a causative risk factor for both EDS and hypertension in OSAHS (β=0.164, 95% CI: 1.018-1.364, P=0.028). Conclusion:The sympathetic-vagal imbalance is a common risk factor for EDS and hypertension in OSAHS patients

5.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 531-535, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869273

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association between oxygen desaturation rate and blood pressure (BP) among severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and the possible mechanism.Methods:Patients with snoring were enrolled from the Department of Sleep Medicine Center, the Affiliated Huaian No.1 People′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University form March 2018 to January 2019 and underwent polysomnography (PSG). Noninvasive BP and Heart rate variability were full-night monitored continuously and synchronized with PSG. Based on the PSG results and exclusion criteria, a total of 86 severe OSAS patients were enrolled in this study and divided into two groups according to the ambulatory BP measurements: hypertensive group ( n=44) and normotensive group ( n=42). Oxygen desaturation rate was expressed as the change in the percentage of pulse oxyhemoglobin saturation (SpO 2) per second during desaturation events after the obstructive apnea events occurred. The PSG parameters were compared between the two group and the multiple regression analyses were used to explore the association between oxygen desaturation rate and BP and its possible mechanism. Results:The apnea-hyperpnoea index (AHI) and respiratory event-related arousals (RERAs) were significantly higher in hypertensive group than those in normotensive group [(69.8±18.2) vs. (56.5±13.9) event/h; (40.5±17.4) vs. (30.2±14.6) event/h, both P<0.01]. In addition, hypoxia exposure conditions in the hypertensive group were more severe than those in the normotensive group, especially oxygen desaturation rate [(0.45±0.14)%/s vs. (0.33±0.10)%/s, P<0.001]. After adjusting for age, sex, neck circumference, waist circumference, smoking, drinking, the regression analyses showed that only the oxygen desaturation rate was significantly associated with both awake and asleep BP in OSAS patients ( β=0.473, 0.478, both P<0.01) and the correlation analyses suggested that the oxygen desaturation rate was related to the both awake and asleep sympathetic-parasympathetic imbalance ( r=0.367, 0.337, both P<0.01). Conclusion:Oxygen desaturation rate is closely related to BP levels in patients with severe OSAS, and the underlying mechanism is associated with the increased sympathetic activity.

6.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 485-495, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811064

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Details of patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation in mainland China are lacking. To improve disease control and reduce economic burden, a large sample survey among this patient population is indispensable. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of such patients.METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation in 29 hospitals of 29 regions in mainland China during the period 2013 to 2014. Demographic features, pre-admission conditions, exacerbation details, and outcomes were summarized. Risk factors for exacerbation severity were analyzed.RESULTS: There were 3,240 asthmatic patients included in this study (57.7% females, 42.3% males). Only 28.0% used daily controller medications; 1,287 (39.7%) patients were not currently on inhaled corticosteroids. Acute upper airway infection was the most common trigger of exacerbation (42.3%). Patients with severe to life-threatening exacerbation tended to have a longer disease course, a smoking history, and had comorbidities such as hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and food allergy. The multivariate analysis showed that smoking history, comorbidities of hypertension, COPD, and food allergy were independent risk factors for more severe exacerbation. The number of patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation varied with seasons, peaking in March and September. Eight patients died during the study period (mortality 0.25%).CONCLUSIONS: Despite enhanced education on asthma self-management in China during recent years, few patients were using daily controller medications before the onset of their exacerbation, indicating that more educational efforts and considerations are needed. The findings of this study may improve our understanding of hospital admission for asthma exacerbation in mainland China and provide evidence for decision-making.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Asthma , China , Comorbidity , Disease Progression , Education , Food Hypersensitivity , Hospitalization , Hypertension , Inpatients , Medication Adherence , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Seasons , Self Care , Smoke , Smoking
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2705-2715, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803229

ABSTRACT

Background@#Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is a complicated condition of patients with advanced tumors. Further dissecting the microenvironment of infiltrated immune cells and malignant cells are warranted to understand the immune-evasion mechanisms of tumor development and progression.@*Methods@#The possible involvement of microRNAs (miRNAs) in malignant pleural fluid was investigated using small RNA sequencing. Regulatory T cell (Treg) markers (CD4, CD25, forkhead box P3), and Helios (also known as IKAROS Family Zinc Finger 2 [IKZF2]) were detected using flow cytometry. The expression levels of IKZF2 and miR-4772-3p were measured using quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The interaction between miR-4772-3p and Helios was determined using dual-luciferase reporter assays. The effects of miR-4772-3p on Helios expression were evaluated using an in vitro system. Correlation assays between miR-4772-3p and functional molecules of Tregs were performed.@*Results@#Compared with non-malignant controls, patients with non-small cell lung cancer had an increased Tregs frequency with Helios expression in the MPE and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The verified downregulation of miR-4772-3p was inversely related to the Helios+ Tregs frequency and Helios expression in the MPE. Overexpression of miR-4772-3p could inhibit Helios expression in in vitro experiments. However, ectopic expression of Helios in induced Tregs reversed the effects induced by miR-4772-3p overexpression. Additionally, miR-4772-3p could regulate Helios expression by directly targeting IKZF2 mRNA.@*Conclusion@#Downregulation of miR-4772-3p, by targeting Helios, contributes to enhanced Tregs activities in the MPE microenvironment.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2705-2715, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774868

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is a complicated condition of patients with advanced tumors. Further dissecting the microenvironment of infiltrated immune cells and malignant cells are warranted to understand the immune-evasion mechanisms of tumor development and progression.@*METHODS@#The possible involvement of microRNAs (miRNAs) in malignant pleural fluid was investigated using small RNA sequencing. Regulatory T cell (Treg) markers (CD4, CD25, forkhead box P3), and Helios (also known as IKAROS Family Zinc Finger 2 [IKZF2]) were detected using flow cytometry. The expression levels of IKZF2 and miR-4772-3p were measured using quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The interaction between miR-4772-3p and Helios was determined using dual-luciferase reporter assays. The effects of miR-4772-3p on Helios expression were evaluated using an in vitro system. Correlation assays between miR-4772-3p and functional molecules of Tregs were performed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with non-malignant controls, patients with non-small cell lung cancer had an increased Tregs frequency with Helios expression in the MPE and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The verified downregulation of miR-4772-3p was inversely related to the Helios Tregs frequency and Helios expression in the MPE. Overexpression of miR-4772-3p could inhibit Helios expression in in vitro experiments. However, ectopic expression of Helios in induced Tregs reversed the effects induced by miR-4772-3p overexpression. Additionally, miR-4772-3p could regulate Helios expression by directly targeting IKZF2 mRNA.@*CONCLUSION@#Downregulation of miR-4772-3p, by targeting Helios, contributes to enhanced Tregs activities in the MPE microenvironment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 15-20, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666168

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the general level of asthma management in urban areas of China and further promote the national asthma management plan. Methods A multi-center, cross-sectional survey was carried out in 30 provinces of China (except for Tibet) during Oct 2015 to May 2016. It's a questionnaire-based face-to-face survey which included asthma management using peak flow meter (PFM) and pulmonary function test,medication choice of maintenance therapy and asthma education.Results A total of 3 875 asthmatic outpatients were recruited including 2 347(60.6%)females and 1 528(39.4%)males. The mean age was(50.7±16.7)years ranging from 14 to 99.Only 10.1%(388/3 837)patients used PFM as monitoring, whereas 62.1%(2 405/3 874) patients underwent pulmonary function test during the past year. There were 57.4%(2 226/3 875) patients treated with inhaled cortical steroid plus long-acting β2-agonist combinations (ICS+LABA) as daily medication. 43.3%(1 661/3 836) patients were followed up by physicians. Among this population, 1 362 asthmatic outpatients were recruited, who also took part in the asthma control survey in 2007-2008 in 10 cities.In this subgroup,17.9%(244/1 360)were tested by PFM and 66.6%(907/1 362)by pulmonary function test during last year.As to the medication,63.1%(860/1 362) selected ICS+LABA for daily control. There were 50.4%(685/1 359) patients in the follow-up cohort by physicians.Compared to the similar survey conducted in 2007-2008,the proportion of patients with ICS+LABA regimen and follow-up by physicians were markedly higher,while the rate of PFM use did not have significant improvement. Conclusion Although the present level of asthma management in China is still far from ideal, asthma management has improved compared to 8 years ago. Yet the use of PFM does not significantly improve.Asthma action plan and application of PFM should be further promoted to improve the level of asthma management.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1477-1481, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738171

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the seasonal distribution of patient hospitalization due to asthma exacerbation in 7 geographic areas in China.Methods This was a retrospective study which involved patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation in 29 hospitals throughout 7 geographic areas in the mainland of China (northeast,north,central,east,south,northwest and southwest).The numbers of asthmatic patients and total inpatients of the respiratory department of each hospital were recorded.The monthly ratio of asthmatic patients to the total inpatients in every area was calculated and compared.Results During the study period,6 480 patients were admitted for asthma exacerbation,accounting for 3.14% of all the 206 135 patients admitted to the respiratory departments in the 29 hospitals.The ratio of asthmatic patients to total inpatients in the northeast area (5.61%) was highest,and the ratio in east area was lowest (1.97%).Statistical analysis showed that the difference among different areas was significant (P<0.000 1).In most areas,both the number and proportion of hospitalized asthmatic patients peaked in spring (February-April) and autumn (September-October).In the northeast area,east area and south area,the peaks in spring were more obvious,while in the north area and southwest area,the peaks in autumn were more obvious.In the northwest area the peaks occurred in winter (December-January) and summer (June-August),respectively.The differences in hospitalization due to asthma among different months were significant in the northeast,north,and southwest areas (P<0.005).Conclusion The number of patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation fluctuated with season in different areas in China.In most areas,more asthmatic patients were admitted to hospitals in spring and autumn.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1477-1481, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736703

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the seasonal distribution of patient hospitalization due to asthma exacerbation in 7 geographic areas in China.Methods This was a retrospective study which involved patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation in 29 hospitals throughout 7 geographic areas in the mainland of China (northeast,north,central,east,south,northwest and southwest).The numbers of asthmatic patients and total inpatients of the respiratory department of each hospital were recorded.The monthly ratio of asthmatic patients to the total inpatients in every area was calculated and compared.Results During the study period,6 480 patients were admitted for asthma exacerbation,accounting for 3.14% of all the 206 135 patients admitted to the respiratory departments in the 29 hospitals.The ratio of asthmatic patients to total inpatients in the northeast area (5.61%) was highest,and the ratio in east area was lowest (1.97%).Statistical analysis showed that the difference among different areas was significant (P<0.000 1).In most areas,both the number and proportion of hospitalized asthmatic patients peaked in spring (February-April) and autumn (September-October).In the northeast area,east area and south area,the peaks in spring were more obvious,while in the north area and southwest area,the peaks in autumn were more obvious.In the northwest area the peaks occurred in winter (December-January) and summer (June-August),respectively.The differences in hospitalization due to asthma among different months were significant in the northeast,north,and southwest areas (P<0.005).Conclusion The number of patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation fluctuated with season in different areas in China.In most areas,more asthmatic patients were admitted to hospitals in spring and autumn.

12.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 414-420, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690453

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop a near-infrared fluorescence imaging system based on the fluorescence properties of methylene blue.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to the optical properties of methylene blue, we used a custom-made specific LED light source and an interference filter, a CCD camera and other relevant components to construct the near-infrared fluorescence imaging system. We tested the signal-to-background ratio (SBR) of this imaging system for detecting methylene blue under different experimental conditions and analyzed the SBR in urine samples collected from 15 Wistar rats with intravenous injection of methylene blue at the doses of 0, 1.4, 1.6, 1.8, or 2.0 0 mg/kg methylene blue.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The SBR of this imaging system for detecting methylene blue was affected by the concentration of methylene blue and the distance from the sample (P<0.05). In the urine samples from Wistar rats, the SBR varied with the the injection dose, and the rats injected with 1.6 mg/kg methylene blue showed the highest SBR (8.71∓0.20) in the urine (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This near-infrared fluorescence imaging system is useful for fluorescence detection of methylene blue and can be used for real-time recognition of ureters during abdominal surgery.</p>

13.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 434-442, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690450

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the differences in dielectric properties (relative permittivity and conductivity) between the mucosal surface and serosal surface of malignant colorectal tissues, adjacent tissues at 1 cm and 3 cm from the tumor focus and normal colorectal tissues.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The dielectric properties of the mucosal and serosal surface of malignant colorectal tissues, adjacent tissues (1 cm and 3 cm) and normal colorectal tissues from 39 patients with colorectal cancer were measured with an open-ended coaxial probe within the frequency range of 50 MHz-3 GHz, and the corresponding dielectric properties were analyzed respectively; statistical tests of the data were used to analyze the dielectric properties at 6 specific frequency points.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The dielectric properties were significantly higher in the malignant mucosa surface than in the adjacent tissues and normal colorectal tissues at the 6 specific frequency points (P<0.01). The dielectric properties decreased progressively in adjacent tissues at 1 cm and 3 cm and normal mucosa surface. The mucosal and serosal surface of malignant tissues showed significant differences in dielectric properties at 64 MHz, 128 MHz, 298 MHz, 433 MHz, and 915 MHz (P<0.01) but not at 2450 MHz (P>0.01), but such differences were not observed in normal tissues (P>0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The dielectric properties of the mucosal surface of the mucosal decrease in the order of malignant colorectal tissue, adjacent tissues at 1 cm and 3 cm from the tumor foci and normal colorectal tissues. The dielectric properties are higher in the mucosal surface than in the serosal surface in the malignant tissue, but comparable in normal colorectal tissues.</p>

14.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 485-489, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609805

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between bronchial asthma and smoking status in Chinese people.Methods Asthma epidemiological survey and stratified-cluster-random method survey were performed in residents over 14 years in 8 provinces (cities) of China from February 2010 to August 2012.Asthma was diagnosed based upon case history,clinical signs and lung function test.Smoking status was investigated by questionnaire.Results Sampling population was 180 099 and 164 215 were valid.A total of 2 034 subjects were diagnosed as asthma including 79 692 men and 84 523 women.The overall prevalence rate of asthma was 1.24% (2 034/164 215).Smokers were 23.8% (39 137/164 215) in the whole population.Smokers were 34.5% (702/2 034) in asthmatic patients,compared with 23.7% (38 435/ 162 181) in no-asthmatic population.The incidence of asthma was 1.79% and 1.06% in smokers and nonsmokers respectively (P <0.001),suggesting that OR of smoking was 1.70 (95% CI 1.55-1.86,P < 0.001).According to asthma control test (ACT) score,the level of asthma control in non smoking group was higher than that in smoking group(43.2% vs 35.3%).The times of hospitalization due to acute exacerbations (0.51 vs 0.41 events/person/year),total hospitalization rate (27.35 % vs 20.12%),annual emergency room visits (0.80 vs 0.60 events/person/year) and emergency room visit rate (31.77% vs 24.47%) were all much higher in smoking asthmatic patients than those in non smoking asthmatic patients,indicating that the level of asthma control in smoking patients was significantly worse than in non smoking patients.Conclusions The smoking rate in Chinese people over 14 years is still high.The prevalence rate of asthma in smokers is significantly higher than that of non-smokers.The level of asthma control in smokers is significantly worse than that in non smokers.

15.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 546-557, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621041

ABSTRACT

Important/potential value of macrolides has been proved in the management of chronic respiratory diseases by increasing basic and clinical trials.Through three face-to-face discussions,10 experts examined important data and drafted this consensus related to macrolides:(1) mechanism of nonantiinfective effects;(2) clinical use in chronic respiratory diseases;(3) cautions of long-term use.The mechanism out of non-antiinfective effects includes anti-inflammatory effect,modifying airway secretion,immune-regulation related to antibacterial effect,corticoid saving effect and anti-viral effect.The efficacy of long-term use of low-dose macrolides is definitely confirmed in diffuse panbronchiolitis,chronic rhinosinusitis.It is considerably used in bronchiectasia,cystic fibrosis,severe asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.Further studies should be conducted in cryptogenic organizing pneumonia and respiratory viral infection.It should be paid attention to its possible adverse effects (including drug interactions,cardiac toxicity,ototoxicity and disturbance of intestinal flora) and drug resistance in long-term use.A Chinese consensus for non-antiinfective effects and clinical use of macrolides is developed for the first time,which aims to expand their rational use and the further research.

16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 157-163, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311575

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the significance of serum interleukin-35 level and the new regulatory T cells -iTR35 cells in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty three cases of newly diagnosed MDS were enrolled in this study from January 2014 to January 2016 in Department of Hematology of The First Hospital of Quanzhou in Fujian Province. According to MDS International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS), the 23 patients were divided into 4 groups: high-risk (n=4), intermediate risk-2 (n=10), intermediate risk-1 (n=5) and low-risk group(n=4). Twenty healthy people of routine physical examination were used as control during the same period. Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent assay(ELISA) and flow cytometry(FCM) were used to detect the expression level of serum IL-35, the proportion of iTR35 cells, and the expression levels of associated molecules such as IL-12p35,IL-27EBl3 respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The proportion of CD4CD25Foxp3Treg cells in peripheral blood of MDS patients was significantly higher than that in controls (P<0.01). The proportion of iTR35 cells was also higher than that in controls(P<0.01). However, the proportion of CD4+ CD25Foxp3T cells was not significantly different between 2 groups (P>0.05). The level of serum IL-35 in MDS patients was significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05). The expression levels of IL-12p35 and IL-27EBl3 in the Treg cells were also significantly upregulated than those in control group(P<0.05), the expression levels of IL-35, IL-12p35 and IL-27EBl3 in MDS group positively correlated with the proportion of iTR35 cells(r=0.92, 0.99 and 0.52, P<0.05, respectively). IL-35 level and the proportion of iTR35 cells in 4 groups of MDS showed significantly difference in general term, no significant difference was found in IL-35 level between the high-risk group and intermediate risk-2 group (P>0.05), but the IL-35 levels in both groups were significantly higher than those in intermediate risk-1 group and the low-risk group (P<0.05), and the level in the intermediate risk-2 group was significantly higher than that in the intermediate risk-1 group and the low-risk group (P<0.05), while there was not different between the intermediate risk-1group and the low risk group (P>0.05). The proportion of iTR35 cells was not significantly different between the high-risk group and the intermediate risk-2 group. The proportions of iTR35 cells in the high-risk group and the intermediate risk-2 group were higher than those in the intermediate risk-1 group and the low-risk group respectively (P<0.05), but there was no differentce in population of iTR35 between the intermediate risk-1 group and the low-risk group (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The imbalance between IL-35 level and iTR35 cells propertion may play an important role in the development of MDS, which possibly to provides a new theoretical basis for the study of MDS immune targeting therapy.</p>

17.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 107-110, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508614

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of ipratropium bromide on bronchial spasm of patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Methods 174 patients with asthma and COPD were selected and divided into two groups, 87 cases in the control group treated with budesonide and formoterol fumarate powder for inhalation , 87 cases in the experimental group received ipratropium bromide on the basis of the control group, pulmonary ventilation function, airway resistance and cytokine levels in induced sputum, the clinical effect and incidence of adverse reactions were compared after the treatment.Results The effective rate in the control group(81.61%)was lower than the experimental group (93.11%), with significant difference (P<0.05); compared with the control group, levels of peak expiratory flow (PEF), maximum midexpiratory flow (MMEF), forced expiratory volume in one second to forced vital capacity ratio (FEV1%), forced vital capacity (FVC) were higher in the experimental group after treatment, levels of airway resistance (Raw), Raw% were lower, level of specific airway conductance (Gsp) was higher after treatment, induced sputum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), intercellular adhesion molecular-1 (ICAM-1), interleukin-13 (IL-13), IL-17 were lower after treatment, with significant difference (P<0.05);there was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups.Conclusion The clinical effect of ipratropium bromide in the treatment of asthma and COPD was exactly , ipratropium bromide can significantly improve the pulmonary ventilation function in patients, relieve bronchial spasm, reduce airway resistance, inhibit airway inflammation, and the safety is higher.

18.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 30-36, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815078

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of endobronchial ultrasound elastography in the diagnosis of mediastinal and hilar lymph node metastasis in lung cancer. 
@*METHODS@#A total of 40 patients with lung cancer underwent ultrasonic bronchoscope examination before operation. Elastography and standard endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) of lymph nodes were performed before EBUS-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA). The elastography characteristics was compared between benign and malignant lymph nodes. The diagnosis accuracy in malignant lymph nodes was also compared between the elastography and the standard EBUS. The value of the elastography was assessed in distinguishing the benign and malignant lymph nodes.
@*RESULTS@#1) The significant indicators of standard EBUS in diagnosis of malignant lymph nodes were hypoechonic nodes, uneven echo, distinct boundary and short diameter greater than 1 cm (all P<0.01). 2) There was significant difference in the elastosonography grading score between benign and malignant lymph nodes (P<0.01). 3) The elastography grading score was more sensitive and specific in determining the malignant lymph node than the standard EBUS criteria. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was maximal when the elastography grading score was ≥2.5. The specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value of elastography grading score was 76.9%, 85.7%, 85.7% and 76.9% in distinguishing malignant and benign nodes. The overall accuracy of elastography grading score was 82.3%. The combination of elastography grading score, low echo, distinct boundary and short diameter greater than 1 cm showed the best diagnostic efficiency value. The AUC was 0.911. In distinguishing malignant and benign nodes, the specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of the combined indexes was 84.6%, 88.1%, 90.2%, and 81.5% respectively. The overall accuracy was 86.8%.
@*CONCLUSION@#The endobronchial ultrasound elastography can effectively distinguish the mediastinal and hilar lymph node metastasis in lung cancer. The diagnosis accuracy of elastography in malignant lymph node is higher than that of standard EBUS criteria. The combination of elastosonography grading score and standard EBUS criteria can improve the diagnostic efficiency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bronchoscopes , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Lung Neoplasms , Pathology , Lymph Nodes , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Diagnostic Imaging , Mediastinum , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
19.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 161-169, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77205

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is a recently discovered antiangiogenesis protein. PEDF possesses powerful anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, antiangiogenic, and antifibrosis properties. It has been reported that PEDF can regulate vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. This study aimed to evaluate whether recombinant PEDF protein could attenuate allergic airway inflammation and airway remodeling via the negative regulation of VEGF using a murine model of chronic ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthma and BEAS-2B human bronchial epithelial cells. METHODS: In an in vivo experiment, mice sensitized with OVA were chronically airway challenged with aerosolized 1% OVA solution for 8 weeks. Treated mice were given injections of recombinant PEDF protein (50 or 100 microg/kg body weight) via the tail vein. In an in vitro experiment, we investigated the effects of recombinant PEDF protein on VEGF release levels in BEAS-2B cells stimulated with IL-1beta. RESULTS: Recombinant PEDF protein significantly inhibited eosinophilic airway inflammation, airway hyperresponsiveness, and airway remodeling, including goblet cell hyperplasia, subepithelial collagen deposition, and airway smooth muscle hypertrophy. In addition, recombinant PEDF protein suppressed the enhanced expression of VEGF protein in lung tissue and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in OVA-challenged chronically allergic mice. In the in vitro experiment, VEGF expression was increased after IL-1beta stimulation. Pretreatment with 50 and 100 ng/mL of recombinant PEDF protein significantly attenuated the increase in VEGF release levels in a concentration-dependent manner in BEAS-2B cells stimulated by IL-1beta. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that recombinant PEDF protein may abolish the development of characteristic features of chronic allergic asthma via VEGF suppression, providing a potential treatment option for chronic airway inflammation diseases such as asthma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Airway Remodeling , Asthma , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Collagen , Eosinophils , Epithelial Cells , Goblet Cells , Hyperplasia , Hypertrophy , Inflammation , Lung , Muscle, Smooth , Ovalbumin , Ovum , Tail , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Veins
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1535-1541, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272566

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the expression and its mechamisms of microRNA let-7b in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), so as to provide the basis for searching a new targeted therapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Firstly, methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP) was used to analyze the methylation status of CpG islands in microRNA let-7b promoter of bone marrow mononuclear cells in the patients with ALL and patients with non-hematologic malignancies as control, the real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to detect the expression levels of microRNA let-7b in this 2 groups; and then 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-dC, DAC) was used to treat ALL cell line MOLT-4; after drug treatment, MSP was used to analyze the methylation status of the CpG islands in microRNA let-7b promoter; the qPCR was used to detect the expression levels of microRNA let-7b, and further explore the regulatory mechanism of microRNA let-7b expression.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Hypermethylation of CpG islands in microRNA let-7b promoter in ALL patients was significantly higher than that in patients with non-hematologic malignancies, and the relative expression level of microRNA let-7b was significantly reduced in ALL patients; 5-aza-dC could significantly inhibit the growth of MOLT-4 cells and arrest the cells in G1 phase, thus biosynthesis of RNA and protein was suppressed, and the apoptosis was promoted, meanwhile, 5-Aza-dC could increase the expression of microRNA let-7b.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In the patients with ALL, the expression of microRNA let-7b is regulated by methylation of CpG islands in the region of genomic promoter. The microRNA let-7b may act as a tumor suppressor, whose low expression is involved in ALL development, indicating the microRNA let-7b may become a new therapeutic target for ALL.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Azacitidine , CpG Islands , DNA Methylation , Epigenesis, Genetic , MicroRNAs , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
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