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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(4): 688-695, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385145

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose Patients often take 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs) for the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia. However, 5-ARIs can decrease prostate specific antigen (PSA) by approximately half and therefore may lead to false negative PSA tests. We investigated false-screening rates in men on 5-ARIs undergoing PSA testing and whether ordering physicians noticed false negative findings. Materials and Methods A single institution, retrospective study was conducted on patients with a PSA value documented between 2014 and 2017. Patient demographics, PSA results, 5-ARI usage, and providing clinician characteristics were collected. Published normal PSA values were used to determine PSA test positivity; values for those on 5-ARIs were doubled. Results A total of 29,131 men were included. 1,654 (5.7%) were prescribed 5-ARIs at least 12 months prior to PSA evaluation. 118 men (7.1%) had a value that would be positive if corrected for 5-ARI usage, 33 (27.9%) of which had no indication that the provider had noted this. There was no effect on rates of false negative values if the PSA was ordered by a different provider than the one who prescribed the 5-ARI (p = 0.837). However, if the provider who ordered the PSA test was an urologist, the likelihood that a false negative value would be identified was lower (p=0.001). Conclusions More than a quarter of men with false negative tests were missed. This occurred more often when the ordering provider was not an urologist. An educational opportunity exists to improve the quality of PSA testing by preventing false negative tests.

2.
Rev. latinoam. enferm ; 22(4): 679-684, Jul-Aug/2014.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-723311

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the results of "+Contigo" training, developed by nurses and directed at 66 health professionals of integrated school health teams in Primary Health Care. METHOD: quantitative with data collection through the Suicide Behavior Attitude Questionnaire, administered before and after the training. RESULTS: significant increases were observed in suicide prevention knowledge and in changing attitudes of health professionals towards individuals with suicidal behavior. CONCLUSION: these results allow us to affirm that nurses hold scientific and pedagogical knowledge that grant them a privileged position in the health teams, to develop training aimed at health professionals involved in suicide prevention. .


OBJETIVO: avaliar os resultados da formação "+Contigo", desenvolvida por enfermeiros e dirigida a 66 profissionais de saúde das equipes de saúde escolar integrados nos Cuidados de Saúde Primários. MÉTODO: quantitativo, com recolhimento de dados através do Questionário de Atitudes Frente ao Comportamento Suicida, aplicado antes e depois da formação. RESULTADOS: verificaram-se aumentos significativos de conhecimentos em prevenção do suicídio e de mudanças de atitudes dos profissionais de saúde perante o indivíduo com comportamentos suicidas. CONCLUSÃO: estes resultados permitem afirmar que os enfermeiros detêm conhecimentos científicos e pedagógicos que os colocam em posição privilegiada nas equipes de saúde, para desenvolverem a formação dirigida a profissionais de saúde envolvidos na prevenção do suicídio. .


OBJETIVOS: evaluar los resultados de la formación "+Contigo", desarrollada por enfermeras y dirigida a los profesionales de la salud de 66 equipos de salud escolar en Atención Primaria. MÉTODO: cuantitativo con la recolección de datos a través del Cuestionario de Actitudes Ante el Comportamiento Suicida, administrado antes y después del entrenamiento. RESULTADOS: se observó un aumento significativo en el conocimiento de prevención del suicidio y el cambio de actitudes de los profesionales de la salud hacia la persona con la conducta suicida. CONCLUSIÓN: estos resultados nos permiten afirmar que las enfermeras tienen conocimientos científicos y pedagógicos que les den una posición ventajosa en los equipos de salud, para el desarrollo de la formación dirigida a profesionales de salud involucrados en la prevención del suicidio. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Attitude of Health Personnel , Attitude to Health , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Personnel/education , Suicide , Nursing , Suicide/prevention & control
3.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-546340

ABSTRACT

A prevenção dos comportamentos da esfera suicidária, entre os adolescentes, constitui atualmente uma das prioridades de intervenção, contemplada no Plano Nacional de Saúde Mental. No âmbito desse plano, defende-se, ainda, a necessidade de desenvolvimento de respostas e programas de ligação aos Cuidados de Saúde Primários. Nesse sentido, foi delineado e implementado o Programa de Intervenção que designado BELIEVE com os objetivos de avaliar a autoestima e capacidade de resolução de problemas dos adolescentes e intervir para a sua melhoria, integrado no âmbito da prevenção dos comportamentos da esfera suicidária em adolescentes. Esse programa contemplou duas vertentes de atuação: uma orientada para Técnicos de Cuidados de Saúde Primários e a outra para o meio escolar, com 106 adolescentes do 8º e 9º ano de escolaridade em sala de aula. Os adolescentes do sexo masculino apresentam níveis mais elevados de autoestima e menos dificuldades nas estratégias de resolução de problemas do que adolescentes do sexo feminino. A implementação do programa permitiu melhorar a autoestima e capacidade de resolução de problemas dos adolescentes.


La prevención de los comportamientos acerca del suicidio entre los adolescentes constituye actualmente una de las prioridades de intervención, contemplada en el Plan Nacional de Salud Mental. En el ámbito de este plan se defiende también la necesidad de desarrollo de respuestas y programas ligados a los Cuidados de Salud Primarios. En este sentido, ha sido delineado e implementado el Programa de Intervención intitulado BELIEVE, con objetivo de evaluar la autoestima y capacidad de resolución de problemas de los adolescentes e intervenir para mejorarla, integrado en el ámbito de la prevención de los comportamientos relacionados al suicidio en adolescentes. Este programa ha contemplado dos vertientes de actuación: una orientada para Técnicos de Cuidados de Salud Primarios y la otra para el medio escolar, con 106 adolescentes del 8º y 9º años de escolaridad. Los adolescentes del sexo masculino tienen mayores niveles de autoestima y menos dificultades en la estrategia de resolución de problemas. La implementación del programa ha permitido mejorar el nivel de la autoestima y capacidad de resolución de problemas de los adolescentes.


Today the prevention of suicidal behaviors among adolescents is one of the priority areas for intervention identified in the National Mental Health Plan. In the scope of this plan, the need to develop Primary Health Care-based responses and programs is also underlined. In this sense, an Intervention Program for suicidal behavior prevention called BELIEVE was outlined and implemented. The aim of the program is to assess adolescents' self-esteem and problem-solving skills and intervene to improve them. This program was divided into two lines of action: one aimed at Primary Health Care Technicians, and the other, school-based, aimed at 106 eighth and ninth grade students. The male adolescents have higher levels of self-esteem and fewer difficulties in the problem-solving strategy than girls. The implementation of the program allowed the identification of positive changes in self-esteem and problem-solving skills.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Risk-Taking , Adolescent Health , Suicide/prevention & control
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