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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 63(1): 239-246, Feb. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-582349

ABSTRACT

Este estudo buscou clonar o cDNA do sbGnRH, identificar sua expressão em diferentes tecidos do linguado, bem como avaliar possíveis diferenças no RNA mensageiro (RNAm) desse gene no cérebro de linguados machos juvenis e adultos. Por meio da RT-PCR, demonstrou-se pela primeira vez, a clonagem da região codificadora do sbGnRH contendo 297 nucleotídeos do cérebro do linguado. A expressão do sbGnRH foi detectada em vários tecidos periféricos. Foram detectados níveis mais elevados de RNAm do sbGnRH no hipotálamo dos animais adultos. Estes resultados sugerem que o sbGnRH está envolvido na puberdade do linguado.


The objectives of this study were to clone sbGnRH cDNA, evaluate the mRNA levels in different tissues of flounder, and also evaluate brain sbGnRH expression in juvenile and adult males. Using RT-PCR the cloning of a 297 nucleotides coding region of sbGnRH from Brazilian flounder brain was demonstrated for the first time. Expression of sbGnRH was detected in several peripheral tissues. Brain gene expression in the adult flounder was higher than those found in juvenile. These results suggest that sbGnRH is involved on the Brazilian flounder puberty.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cloning, Organism , Flounder/classification , RNA, Messenger/genetics
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 43(9): 816-820, Sept. 2010. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-556858

ABSTRACT

The South American sea lion, Otaria flavescens, is widely distributed along the Pacific and Atlantic coasts of South America. However, along the Brazilian coast, there are only two nonbreeding sites for the species (Refúgio de Vida Silvestre da Ilha dos Lobos and Refúgio de Vida Silvestre do Molhe Leste da Barra do Rio Grande), both in Southern Brazil. In this region, the species is continuously under the effect of anthropic activities, mainly those related to environmental contamination with organic and inorganic chemicals and fishery interactions. This paper reports, for the first time, the genetic diversity of O. flavescens found along the Southern Brazilian coast. A 287-bp fragment of the mitochondrial DNA control region (D-loop) was analyzed. Seven novel haplotypes were found in 56 individuals (OFA1-OFA7), with OFA1 being the most frequent (47.54 percent). Nucleotide diversity was moderate (π = 0.62 percent) and haplotype diversity was relatively low (67 percent). Furthermore, the median joining network analysis indicated that Brazilian haplotypes formed a reciprocal monophyletic clade when compared to the haplotypes from the Peruvian population on the Pacific coast. These two populations do not share haplotypes and may have become isolated some time back. Further genetic studies covering the entire species distribution are necessary to better understand the biological implications of the results reported here for the management and conservation of South American sea lions.


Subject(s)
Animals , DNA, Mitochondrial/genetics , Genetic Variation/genetics , Haplotypes/genetics , Sea Lions/genetics , Brazil
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