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1.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e012, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1355931

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study tested the hypothesis that head and neck radiotherapy (HNRT) impacts the immunoexpression of type I collagen, bone sialoprotein (BSP) and bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4), thereby leading to micromorphological changes in the dentin-pulp complex (DPC), and promoting the onset and progression of radiation caries (RC). Twenty-two demineralized sections of carious teeth (a group of 11 irradiated teeth and a control group of 11 non-irradiated teeth) extracted from 19 head and neck cancer patients were analyzed by conventional optical microscopy and immunohistochemistry to investigate the micromorphology (cellular layer hierarchy, blood vessels, odontoblasts, fibroblasts, extracellular matrix, calcification, necrosis, reactionary dentin formation, and chronic inflammation), and the patterns of staining/immunolocalization of type I collagen, BSP and BMP4 in the dental pulp of irradiated and control samples. No significant differences attributable to the direct impact of radiotherapy were detected in DPC micromorphology between the groups. In addition, the patterns of immunohistochemical staining and immunolocalization of the proteins studied did not differ between the irradiated and the control samples for type I collagen, BSP or BMP4. This study rejected the hypothesis that HNRT directly damages dentition by changing the organic components and the microstructure of the DPC, ultimately leading to RC.

2.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e016, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1360249

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The aim of the present study was to analyze the relationship of OM with possible risk factors such as oral health condition, immunological status and IL-1β profile in patients submitted to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Fifty-four individuals submitted to HSCT were included. All patients received previous dental treatment and photobiomodulation (PBM) as the institutional OM preventive protocol. OM scores, immune status, and IL-1β levels were determined during the conditioning period and at D+3 and D+8 after HSC infusion. IL-1β gene polymorphism was also analyzed during conditioning. Possible associations of OM with risk factors were analyzed using conditional Fisher's exact test. OM was observed in 34 patients (62.9%) classified as Grade 1 (13 patients/24.1%), Grade 2 (14 patients/25.9%), Grade 3 (3 patients/5.5%), and Grade 4 (4 patients/7.4%). Allogeneic HSCT individuals exhibited a higher OM grade than autologous subjects. Moreover, an association was observed between severe OM and severe gingivitis (p = 0.01), neutropenia (p = 0.03), and leukopenia (p = 0.04). A significant association between OM and lower IL-1β levels was detected at three time points, i.e., conditioning (p = 0.048), D+3 (p = 0.01), and D+8 (p = 0.005). The results showed that IL-1β gene polymorphism was not associated with OM. Our study provided important insights into the scope of OM risk factors in the setting of HSCT. Patients submitted to HSCT with severe gingivitis prior to chemotherapy and with severe neutropenia and leukopenia exhibited a higher OM grade. Further investigation will be necessary to better understand the exact role of IL-1β in the context of OM pathobiology and to validate cytokine analysis in larger cohorts.

3.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e101, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1384200

ABSTRACT

Abstract Oral cancer represents a public health issue because of its high mortality rate, resulting mainly from diagnostic delays. Insufficient training in oral diagnosis is usually perceived by dentists. Distance learning could be used as an auxiliary tool to bridge that gap. This study evaluated the impact of a distance learning course on oral mucosal lesion diagnosis offered to public healthcare dentists. Participants of an online course answered a pretest/posttest comprising clinical images of 30 clinical cases. Participants were questioned about the diagnosis and informed their decision on the cases (referring the cases to a specialist or managing them themselves), as a parameter of perceived self-efficacy. A total of 442 dentists enrolled in the course. Their pass rate was 97%. Classification of the nature of the lesions, diagnostic hypotheses, sensitivity, and specificity improved by 13.4%, 10.0%, 13.4%, and 6.6%, respectively (p<0.01, Wilcoxon test). Regarding management, there was a 16.6% reduction in the intention to refer cases, while confidence in the diagnosis of benign lesions increased by 40%. A distance learning course may be useful in continuing education actions for primary care dentists, improving their diagnostic abilities and encouraging them in the management of oral lesions. Moreover, this strategy could contribute to disseminating knowledge to remote regions, particularly among primary health care professionals.

4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e058, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1374735

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinicodemographic characteristics and treatment protocol as prognostic factors in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) of the hard palate, upper gingiva, and alveolar ridge (HPUGAR). This retrospective cohort study collected data of patients treated in two head and neck surgery departments in southern Brazil between 1999 and 2021. Information on clinicodemographic data, habits, site, size, clinical aspect, clinical staging, cervical metastasis, treatment, and survival was collected. Associations between independent variables and outcomes were assessed using Pearson's chi-square test and binary regression. Kaplan-Meier test was employed to compare the survival between the neck approaches. Forty-one patients were included; most were male (61%), with a mean age of 68.8 (± 13.9) years. The consumption of tobacco (p = 0.003) and alcohol (p = 0.02) was significantly higher in male than in female patients. The main clinical features observed in the study sample were lesions larger than 2 cm (48.7%), no cervical (90.2%), or distant metastasis (90.2%). Surgery alone was the main treatment approach (48.8%). The watch-and-wait strategy was adopted in 34 cases (83.0%), while elective neck dissection was applied in five (12.2%). Only two patients with cN0 disease (4.9%) presented with cervical metastasis at follow-up. Eight patients (12.2%) died of the disease. Clinicodemographic variables, habits, surgical margins, and histological subtype were not significantly associated with cervical metastasis or survival. Cervical metastasis (p = 0.004) was associated with poor survival. No difference was detected in survival between different neck approaches (p = 0.28). Cervical metastasis and local recurrence are negative prognostic factors for HPUGAR OSCC.

5.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(6): 695-701, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350347

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Cutaneous basal cell carcinoma recurrence is associated with inadequate surgical margins. The frequency of and the factors associated with compromised or inadequate surgical margins in head and neck basal cell carcinoma varies. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and pathological factors associated with inadequate surgical margins in head and neck basal cell carcinoma. Methods: We developed a cross-sectional study comprising all patients who had undergone resection of head and neck basal cell carcinoma from January 2017 to December 2019. Data on age, sex, head and neck topography, histopathological findings, and staging were retrieved and compared. Each tumor was considered an individual case. Compromised and close margins were termed ''inadequate'' or ''incomplete''. Variables that were significantly associated with the presence of incomplete margins were further assessed by logistic regression. Results: In total, 605 tumors from 389 patients were included. Overall, sixteen cases (2.6%) were classified as compromised, 52 (8.5%) as close, and 537 (88.7%) as free margins. Presence of scleroderma (p = 0.005), higher Clark level (p < 0.001), aggressive variants (p < 0.001), invasion beyond the adipose tissue (p < 0.001), higher T stage (p < 0.001), perineural invasion (p = 0.002), primary site (p = 0.04), multifocality (p = 0.01), and tumor diameter (p = 0.02) showed association with inadequate margins. After Logist regression, multifocality, Clark level and depth of invasion were found to be independent risk factors for inadequate margins. Conclusion: Gross clinical examination may be sufficient for determining low prevalence of inadequate surgical margins when treating head and neck basal cell carcinoma in highly experienced oncologic centers. Multifocality, Clark level and depth of invasion were found to be independent risk factors for incomplete margins.


Resumo Introdução: A recorrência do carcinoma basocelular (CBC) cutâneo está associada a margens cirúrgicas inadequadas. A frequência e os fatores associados a margens cirúrgicas comprometidas ou inadequadas no carcinoma basocelular de cabeça e pescoço variam. Objetivo: Avaliar os fatores clínicos e patológicos associados a margens cirúrgicas inadequadas no carcinoma basocelular de cabeça e pescoço. Método: Conduzimos um estudo transversal que abrangeu todos os pacientes submetidos à resseçcão de carcinoma basocelular de cabeça e pescoço de janeiro de 2017 a dezembro de 2019. Dados sobre idade, sexo, topografia na cabeça e pescoço, achados histopatológicos e estadiamento foram recuperados e comparados. Cada tumor foi considerado como um caso individual. As margens comprometidas e próximas foram denominadas ''inadequadas'' ou ''incompletas''. As variáveis que foram significantemente associadas à presença de margens incompletas foram avaliadas adicionalmente por regressão logística. Resultados: Foram incluídos 605 tumores de 389 pacientes. No geral, 16 casos (2,6%) foram classificados como comprometidos, 52 (8,5%) como próximos e 537 (88,7%) como margens livres. Presença de esclerodermia (p = 0,005), nível de Clark mais elevado (p < 0,001), variantes agressivas (p < 0,001), invasão além do tecido adiposo (p < 0,001), estágio T mais avançado (p < 0,001), invasão perineural (p = 0,002), sítio primário (p = 0,04), multifocalidade (p = 0,01) e diâmetro do tumor (p = 0,02) mostraram associação com margens inadequadas. Após a regressão logística, a multifocalidade, o nível de Clark e a profundidade de invasão foram considerados fatores de risco independentes para margens inadequadas. Conclusão: O exame clínico macroscópico pode ser suficiente para determinar baixa prevalência de margens cirúrgicas inadequadas no tratamento do carcinoma basocelular de cabeça e pescoço em centros oncológicos altamente experientes. Multifocalidade, nível de Clark e profundidade de invasão foram considerados fatores de risco independentes para margens incompletas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Margins of Excision , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
6.
Clin. biomed. res ; 41(4): 283-290, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349336

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Oral lesions are present in approximately 30% of the population worldwide. Although the mouth is an anatomical region that can be easily accessed for direct visual examination, most dentists of dental surgeons have reported difficulties in the diagnosis and management of oral diseases. The primary aim of this study was to assess the completeness of referral forms of the patients referred by dentists from the primary care basic health units to an Oral Medicine service. The secondary aim was to analyze if the complexity of the cases justify the referral to a specialist. Methods: Data from 131 referral forms of patients referred from June 2014 to April 2016 were retrieved from the records. The referral's completeness analysis comprised two stages. Stage 1 mainly comprised patient and applicant's information. In the Stage 2, the documents were scored according to amount of information, including the description of the lesion characteristics and the procedures required for the patients' diagnosis and management. The referral was considered justifiable if some procedures not available at primary care were required for diagnosis or treatment. Results: Five (9.8%) referral forms were considered well filled. Diagnosis agreement was 71.4%. Regarding the need of referral, 40,6% of the cases (n = 50) could be settle at the primary care. Conclusion: In conclusion, few referral forms had high-quality information and the many cases could be managed at primary care health services. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Referral and Consultation/statistics & numerical data , Oral Medicine , Primary Health Care , Mouth/physiopathology
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e073, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1278595

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to identify tumor parenchyma cells exhibiting immunohistochemical profile of stem cells by evaluating the immunoreactivity of OCT4 and CD44 in a number of cases of salivary gland neoplasms. The sample consisted of 20 pleomorphic adenomas, 20 mucoepidermoid carcinomas, and 20 adenoid cystic carcinomas located in major and minor salivary glands. The expression of OCT4 and CD44 was evaluated by the percentage of positive cells and the intensity of expression. All studied cases showed positive expression of OCT4 and CD44 and higher values than the control groups. For OCT4, luminal and non-luminal cells were immunostained in the case of pleomorphic adenomas and adenoid cystic carcinomas. Moreover, the immunoreactivity of CD44 was particularly evident in the non-luminal cells of these lesions. In mucoepidermoid carcinomas, there was immunoreactivity for both markers in squamous and intermediate cells and absence of staining in mucous cells. For both markers, a significantly higher immunostaining was verified in neoplasms located in the major salivary glands compared with lesions in minor salivary glands (p<0.001). In the total sample and in minor salivary glands, malignant neoplasms exhibited higher immunoreactivity for OCT4 than pleomorphic adenoma. A significant moderate positive correlation (r = 0.444 and p ≤ 0.001) was found between OCT4 and CD44 immunoexpression in the total sample. The high expression of OCT4 and CD44 may indicate that these proteins play an important role in identifying tumor stem cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Adenoma, Pleomorphic , Hyaluronan Receptors/genetics , Octamer Transcription Factor-3/economics , Immunohistochemistry
8.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e072, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1278589

ABSTRACT

Abstract This paper intends to describe the demand for referrals to the stomatology service requested by the medical teams for inpatients in a reference hospital in the south of Brazil. This research is a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study focusing on data collection and assessment of information about referrals to the stomatology unit carried out from January 2008 to December 2018. All information was obtained from the hospital management software database, then transferred and analyzed individually for descriptive statistics. A total of 4433 cases were referred to the stomatology team, with an average of 403 cases by year. Hematology/hemato-oncology (37.3%) was the specialty asking for the majority of the referrals, followed by Oncology (20.4%) and Pneumology (8.2%). The mean patients' profile was males (55.5%), receiving a diagnosis of oral mucositis (43.5%), and with the first and second decades of life being the most prevalent ones (34.9%), with a mean age of 34.8±22.3 years. The most common treatment performed by the stomatology team was the photobiomodulation therapy (44.8%). This retrospective study demonstrated the important profile of the stomatological care in hospitalized patients from a specific hospital, especially referred by the hematology/hemato-oncology team. These results evidenced the importance of the stomatology specialty in the hospital environment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Oral Medicine , Referral and Consultation , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals , Middle Aged
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190166, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO, BNUY | ID: biblio-1056589

ABSTRACT

Abstract Oral and oropharyngeal cancer is considered a public health problem in several countries due to its high incidence and mortality rate. Objective: This study aimed to analyze oral and oropharyngeal cancer mortality in Uruguay from 1997 to 2014 by age, sex and country region. Methodology: A time series ecological study using secondary data was performed. Data on mortality due to oral and oropharyngeal cancers were obtained from the Vital Statistics Department of Uruguay's Ministry of Public Health. Results: The cumulative mortality rate due to oral and oropharyngeal cancer over the study period was of 19.26/100,000 persons in women and 83.61/100.000 in men, with a mean annual rate of 1.75/100,000 in women and 7.60/100,000 in men. Mortality rate from both sites during the study period was 4.34 times higher in men than in women. Malignant neoplasms of other parts of the tongue and base of tongue showed the highest mortality rate. The means of the annual coefficients of deaths were higher for the age groups between 50 and 69 years. Higher mortality rates of oral and oropharyngeal cancer were observed in Artigas (4.63) and Cerro Largo (3.75). Conclusions: Our study described a high mortality rate for oral and oropharyngeal cancer in Uruguay from 1997 to 2014. According to the country's health department, men, tongue cancer, and oral cavity had higher mortality rates, with some variation. Prevention strategies with control of risk factors and early diagnosis are necessary to improve survival in the Uruguayan population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/mortality , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/mortality , Time Factors , Uruguay/epidemiology , Tongue Neoplasms/mortality , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Incidence , Risk Factors , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/pathology
10.
Clin. biomed. res ; 40(2): 117-124, 2020. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148049

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a topical mucoadhesive formulation with Curcuma longa L. extract (MFC) on oral wound healing. Methods: Seventy-two Wistar rats were randomly assigned to 3 groups: Control, Vehicle, and MFC. Traumatic ulcers were made on the dorsum of the tongue with a 3-mm diameter punch. Vehicle and MFC groups received application of the products twice a day, while animals in the control group were cared for in identical conditions but received no product application. Six rats in each group were euthanized at days 3, 5, 10, and 14. Percentage of repair was calculated based on wound area. HE-stained histological sections were obtained for semi-quantitative analysis of re-epithelization and inflammation. Results: Clinical findings revealed that at days 3 and 5, animals from the MFC group exhibited a significantly higher percentage of wound repair. At day 5, animals from this group also demonstrated a significant increase in the degree of re-epithelization and inflammation. Conclusions: MFC is capable of accelerating oral wound repair in an in vivo model by modulating the inflammatory process and stimulating epithelial proliferation. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Oral Ulcer/therapy , Curcuma , Phytotherapeutic Drugs , Skin Cream/therapeutic use
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190532, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101257

ABSTRACT

Abstract Oral leukoplakia (OL) is a white lesion of an indeterminate risk not related to any excluded (other) known diseases or disorders that carry no increased risk for cancer. Many biological markers have been used in an attempt to predict malignant transformation; however, no reliable markers have been established so far. Objective To evaluate cell proliferation and immortalization in OL, comparing non-dysplastic (Non-dys OL) and dysplastic OL (Dys OL). Methodology This is a cross-sectional observational study. Paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of 28 specimens of Non-dys OL, 33 of Dys OL, 9 of normal oral mucosa (NOM), 17 of inflammatory hyperplasia (IH), and 19 of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) were stained for Ki-67 and BMI-1 using immunohistochemistry. Results A gradual increase in BMI-1 and K-i67 expression was found in oral carcinogenesis. The immunolabeling for those markers was higher in OSCC when compared with the other groups (Kruskal-Wallis, p<0.05). Ki-67 expression percentage was higher in OL and in IH when compared with NOM (Kruskal-Wallis/Dunn, p<0.05). Increased expression of BMI-1 was also observed in OL when compared with NOM (Kruskal-Wallis/Dunn, p<0.05). No differences were observed in expression of both markers when non-dysplastic and dysplastic leukoplakias were compared. A significant positive correlation between Ki-67 and BMI-1 was found (Spearman correlation coefficient, R=0.26, p=0.01). High-grade epithelial dysplasia was associated with malignant transformation (Chi-squared, p=0.03). Conclusions These findings indicate that BMI-1 expression increases in early oral carcinogenesis and is possibly associated with the occurrence of dysplastic changes. Furthermore, our findings indicate that both Ki-67 and BMI-1 are directly correlated and play a role in initiation and progression of OSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Leukoplakia, Oral/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Ki-67 Antigen/analysis , Polycomb Repressive Complex 1/analysis , Mouth Mucosa/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Disease Progression , Cell Proliferation , Carcinogenesis/pathology
12.
Clin. biomed. res ; 39(3): 230-243, 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053114

ABSTRACT

Introduction: As a multifactorial disease, temporomandibular disorders (TMD) require a complex therapeutic approach, being noninvasive therapies the first option for most patients. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review to analyze the most common non-invasive therapies used for TMD management. Methods: The review was done by searching electronic databases to identify controlled clinical trials related to pharmacologic and non-invasive treatments. Of all potential articles found, 35 were included in this review. Results: Low-level laser therapy (LLLT), occlusal splints (OS) and oral exercises/ behavior education (OE/BE) were the most common therapies used. LLLT showed significant results in pain and movement improvement in most studies. OS was usually combined to other therapies and resulted in improvement of pain. OE/BE showed significant results when combined with ultrasound, LLLT, and manual therapy. Conclusions: Non-invasive treatments can provide pain relief and should be prescribed before surgical procedures. LLLT was the therapy with the higher number of studies showing positive results. Based in heterogeneity of treatment protocols, diagnostic and outcomes criteria used, new well-designed randomized controlled trials (RCT) are necessary. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/therapy , Facial Pain/drug therapy , Facial Pain/therapy , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Occlusal Splints , Musculoskeletal Manipulations , Low-Level Light Therapy , Exercise Therapy
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e084, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019612

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the role of photobiomodulation (PBM) in apexification and apexogenesis of necrotic rat molars with an open apex. Rat molars were exposed to the oral environment for 3 weeks. Canals were rinsed with 2.5% NaOCl and 17% EDTA, filled with antibiotic paste and sealed. After 7 days, canals were rinsed and divided into six groups (n=6): mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA); blood clot (BC); human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSC); MTA+PBM; BC+PBM; and hDPSC+PBM. In hDPSC groups, a 1% agarose gel scaffold was used. Two groups were not exposed: healthy tooth+PBM (n = 6), healthy tooth (n = 3); and one was exposed throughout the experiment: necrotic tooth (n = 3). In PBM groups, irradiation was performed with aluminum gallium indium phosphide (InGaAlP) diode laser for 30 days within 24-h intervals. After that, the specimens were processed for histological and immunohistochemical analyses. Necrotic tooth showed greater neutrophil infiltrate (p < 0.05). Necrotic tooth, healthy tooth, and healthy tooth+PBM groups showed absence of a thin layer of fibrous condensation in the periapical area. All the other groups stimulated the formation of a thicker layer of fibers (p < 0.05). All groups formed more mineralized tissue than necrotic tooth (p < 0.05). PBM associated with MTA, BC, or hDPSC formed more mineralized tissue (p < 0.05). MTA+PBM induced apexification (p < 0.05). Rabbit polyclonal anti-bone sialoprotein (BSP) antibody confirmed the histological findings of mineralized tissue formation, and hDPSC groups exhibited higher percentage of BSP-positive cells. It can be concluded that PBM improved apexification and favored apexogenesis in necrotic rat molars with an open apex.


Subject(s)
Animals , Tooth Diseases/radiotherapy , Dental Pulp Necrosis/radiotherapy , Tooth Apex/radiation effects , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Dental Pulp Cavity/radiation effects , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Apexification/methods , Oxides/therapeutic use , Stem Cells , Tooth Diseases/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Silicates/therapeutic use , Calcium Compounds/therapeutic use , Aluminum Compounds/therapeutic use , Dental Pulp Necrosis/pathology , Tooth Apex/pathology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp Cavity/pathology , Drug Combinations , Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein/analysis
14.
Clin. biomed. res ; 38(4): 316-323, 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023704

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The prognostic value of transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-ß1) in oral cancer remains unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate TGF-ß1 expression in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) samples and its association with clinicopathological data, tumor proliferative activity, and patients' prognosis. Methods: A total of 68 patients with histopathological diagnosis of OSCC were included, as well as 9 cases of normal oral mucosa for comparison purposes. The OSCC sample was categorized according to patients' outcomes in favorable prognosis (n=30) or unfavorable prognosis (n=38). Immunohistochemical staining for TGF-ß1 and Ki-67 were performed. The slides were semi-quantitatively and quantitatively evaluated for TGF-ß1 and Ki-67, respectively. Results: TGF-ß1 was significantly increased in OSCC compared to normal oral mucosa (<0.01). An inverse correlation was found between TGF-ß1 and Ki67 staining in OSCC (p=0.01). No association was found between TGF-ß1 expression and OSCC clinicopathological features, prognosis or survival. Conclusions: TGF-ß1 had no prognostic value and appears to maintain its suppressive role concerning cell proliferation. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Head and Neck Neoplasms/diagnosis , Prognosis , Transforming Growth Factors
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e50, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952145

ABSTRACT

Abstract The effectiveness of photobiomodulation (PBM) and manual therapy (MT), alone or combined (CT), were evaluated in pain intensity, mandibular movements, psychosocial aspects, and anxiety symptoms of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients. Fifty-one TMD patients were randomly assigned to three groups: the PBM group (n = 18), which received PBM with 808 nm, 100 mW, 13.3 J/cm2, and 4 J per point; the MT group (n=16) for 21 minutes each session on masticatory muscles and temporomandibular joint TMJ; and the CT group (n = 17), applied during twelve sessions. Seven evaluations were performed in different moments using visual analogue scale (VAS), Research Diagnosis Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) Axis I and II, and Beck anxiety inventory (BAI). All groups demonstrated reductions in pain and improvement in jaw movements during treatment and at follow-up (< 0.001). The assessment of psychosocial aspects of TMD, comparing baseline and follow-up in all treatment groups, revealed that treatment did not promote modification in the intensity of chronic pain (p > 0.05). However, depression symptoms showed a reduction in PBM and CT groups (p≤0.05). All treatments promoted reduction in physical symptoms with and without pain and enhancement of jaw disabilities (p ≤ 0.05). MT promotes improvement in 5 functions, PBM in 2, and CT in 1 (p < 0.001). BAI analysis revealed that all treatments lead to a reduction in anxiety symptoms (p≤0.05). All protocols tested were able to promote pain relief, improve mandibular function, and reduce the negative psychosocial aspects and levels of anxiety in TMD patients. However, the combination of PBM and MT did not promote an increase in the effectiveness of both therapies alone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Aged , Young Adult , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/therapy , Musculoskeletal Manipulations/methods , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Anxiety/physiopathology , Anxiety/prevention & control , Reference Values , Time Factors , Pain Measurement , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/physiopathology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Combined Modality Therapy/methods , Depression/physiopathology , Depression/prevention & control , Chronic Pain/physiopathology , Chronic Pain/psychology , Chronic Pain/therapy , Pain Management/methods , Visual Analog Scale , Jaw/physiopathology , Masticatory Muscles/physiopathology , Middle Aged
16.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 16(1): eRW4007, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891455

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This review aimed to analyze the scientific production on severity of oral mucositis as an adverse effect of chemotherapy. To this end, we performed a search at PubMed databases combining the keywords "oral mucositis" and "chemotherapy protocol". To describe the investigation, the following variables were considered: journal, year/place, study design, sample, protocol used and incidence of oral mucositis. A total of 547 articles were retrieved, of which 26 were selected. Out of these 26, only 2 reported severity of oral mucositis; the others only reported the presence of the condition. Protocols for treating different types of carcinoma were evaluated in 16 (61.53%) studies, for hematological malignancies in 6 (23.07%), and for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in 4 (15.4%). Protocols for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation entail a high risk for oral mucositis, just as chemotherapy with cytarabine and high-dose 5-fluorouracil, alkylating agents and platinumbased compounds. To provide the best prevention and treatment for oral mucositis, it is essential to know the chemotherapy protocols used and their effects on the oral cavity.


RESUMO Esta revisão teve como objetivo analisar a produção científica sobre a gravidade da mucosite oral como efeito adverso da quimioterapia. Para tal, nos bancos de dados do PubMed, foi realizada uma busca com a associação dos descritores "oral mucositis" com "chemotherapy protocol". Para descrição da investigação, foram consideradas como variáveis: periódico, ano/local, delineamento da pesquisa, amostra, protocolo utilizado e incidência de mucosite oral. Foram analisados 547 artigos e, destes, 26 foram selecionados. Destes 26, apenas 2 tinham como objetivo avaliar a gravidade de mucosite oral; nos outros, a mucosite oral foi apenas relatada. Protocolos para tratamento de diferentes tipos de carcinoma foram avaliados em 16 (61,53%) estudos, para neoplasias hematológicas, em 6 (23,07%), e para transplante de células tronco hematopoiéticas em 4 (15,4%). Protocolos para transplante de células tronco hematopoiéticas são de alto risco para o desenvolvimento de mucosite oral, da mesma forma que os quimioterápicos citarabina e 5-fluorouracil em altas doses, agentes alquilantes e compostos derivados da platina. A fim de oferecer prevenção e tratamento mais adequados para mucosite oral, é imprescindível que se conheçam os protocolos quimioterápicos utilizados e seus efeitos sobre a cavidade oral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomatitis/chemically induced , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects
17.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-179963

ABSTRACT

Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) represents a rare type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in this tumor is poorly known due to its small incidence. This study reports a case of a 33-year-old HIV-positive woman who was referred to the Stomatology Department complaining about a painful gingival growth and cervical nodule both with 20 days of evolution. The lesions appeared 7 months after the patient stopped HAART. The final diagnosis was PBL. After resuming HAART for 45 days, the gingival lesion presented complete remission. The patient continued with HAART alongside chemotherapy. At 24 months follow-up, the patient was stable. The dental surgeon plays an essential role in orientation and retention in care of HIV patients once the adherence of HAART seems to play an important role in PBL development and response to treatment.

18.
Rev. bras. ciênc. saúde ; 20(2): 99-106, 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-789422

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar as funções do sistema estomatognático em idosos usuários de prótese dentária. Material e Métodos: Realizou-se avaliação fonoaudiológica constituída por uma anamnese e uma avaliação clínica composta por duas etapas. Na primeira etapa, foram observadas as características corporais e faciais gerais. Na segunda etapa, realizou se avaliação das estruturas orofaciais e das funções orais por meioda observação e apalpação. Foram incluídos indivíduos com mais de60 anos, usuários de prótese dentária parcial superior e/ou inferior e total superior e/ou inferior. Resultados: Avaliou-se 44 idosos que foram divididos em três Grupos, de acordo com o tipo de prótese: Grupo 1 idosos sem falhas dentárias com 18 idosos; Grupo 2 composto por usuários de prótese total superior e inferior, com 14 idosos; Grupo3 constituído por usuários de prótese parcial removível superior e inferior com 12 idosos. Destes 84,9% do sexo feminino. Com relação à função de deglutição observou-se presença de alteração em 55,5%dos idosos no Grupo 1, 85,7% no Grupo 2 e 91,6% no Grupo 3, desta forma os usuários de prótese dentária apresentaram valores maiores em comparação ao Grupo controle. Na função mastigatória, encontrou se alterações em 57,1% indivíduos do Grupo 2, e em 66,6% do Grupo1 e 3. Conclusão: Desta forma, conclui-se que a utilização da prótese dentária ocasiona alterações nas funções do sistema estomatognático,mastigação e deglutição. Além disso, o tipo de prótese dentária utilizada pelo indivíduo ocasiona diferentes alterações com relação às estruturas.


Objective: To evaluate the stomatognathic system functions in aged denture wearers. Material and Methods: A phonoaudiological assessment was carried out consisting of anamnesis and a two-stepclinical examination. Firstly, general facial and body features were observed. Secondly, orofacial structures and oral functions were checked through observation and palpation. The sample was composed of individuals aged more than 60 years, wearing upper or lower partial/complete dentures. Results: A total of 44 elderlies were examined, who were divided into three groups according to the type of denture: group 1 including elderlies with no dental issues (n=18); group 2 consisting of elderlies wearing upper and lower complete dentures (n=14); and group 3 including elderlies with upper and lower partial dentures (n=12). Of these, 84.9% were female. Modifications of the swallowing function were observed in 55.5% of the subjects in group1, 85.7% in group 2, and 91.6% in group 3, hence showing that denture wearers had higher prevalence of alterations in this function as compared to those in the control group. As to the chewing function, we found changes in 57.1% of subjects in group 2, and 66.6% in groups1 and 3. Conclusion: The use of dentures leads to modifications in thefunctions of the stomatognathic system concerning chewing and swallowing. Furthermore, the type of denture used by the individual may cause different changes with respect to the structures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Deglutition , Dental Prosthesis , Mastication , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e2, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-768262

ABSTRACT

Abstract Salivary gland tumors (SGT) are rare neoplasms that generate interest due to their histopathological diversity and clinical behavior. The aims of the present study were to investigate clinicopathological aspects of SGTs diagnosed at a tertiary health center and compare the findings with epidemiological data from different geographic locations. Cases of tumor in the head and neck region at a single health center in the period between 1995 and 2010 were reviewed. Patient gender, age and ethnic group as well as anatomic location, histological type and clinical behavior of the tumor were recorded. Availability of complete information about these aspects was considered the inclusion criteria. Descriptive statistical analysis of the data was performed using the frequencies of categorical variables. Among the 2168 cases of tumors in the head and neck region, 243 (11.20%) cases were diagnosed in the salivary glands, 109 of which met the inclusion criteria: 85 (78%) benign tumors and 24 (22%) malignant tumors. Mean patient age was 46.47 years. The female gender accounted for 56 cases (51.4%) and the male gender accounted for 53 (48.3%). The major salivary glands were affected more (75.2%) than the minor glands. The most frequent benign and malignant SGTs were pleomorphic adenoma (81.2%) and adenoid cystic carcinoma (58.3%), respectively. In conclusion, pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma are the most frequent benign and malignant lesions, respectively. Comparing the present data with previous studies on SGTs, one may infer that some demographic characteristics and the predominance of malignant tumors vary in different geographic regions.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adenolymphoma/pathology , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/pathology , Carcinoma/pathology , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Age Distribution , Adenolymphoma/epidemiology , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Geography, Medical , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/epidemiology , Salivary Glands/pathology
20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e135, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952072

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of clinical diagnosis for lip lesions based on sensitivity and specificity. The retrospective analysis focused on the detection of lesions caused by potentially malignant disorders (PMDs) and malignant lesions (n = 1195). All cases were classified as benign, PMD, and malignant lesions. Concordance between diagnoses based on clinical examination and those based on histopathological analysis was assessed, and accuracy for the identification of PMD and malignant lesions was calculated. Histopathological analysis revealed 44 lesion types; PMD and malignant lesions comprised 8.3% of all cases. Compared with histopathological analysis, clinical examination showed 97.4% accuracy for the identification of non-malignant and potentially malignant/malignant cases. Degrees of specific sensitivity ranged from 34% to 77% for different lesions, and were highest for autoimmune (77%) and reactive (72%) lesions. Positive and negative predictive values for the identification of PMD and malignant lesions were 81.9% and 98.9%, respectively. Clinical examination showed a high degree of accuracy for the detection of PMD and malignant lip lesions, indicating good reliability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Lip Neoplasms/pathology , Lip/pathology , Biopsy , Brazil/epidemiology , Lip Neoplasms/epidemiology , Sex Factors , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Age Factors , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Diagnosis, Oral/methods , Lip Diseases/pathology , Lip Diseases/epidemiology , Middle Aged
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