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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 470-471, Mar.-Apr. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154441

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Vesicostomy should be considered in children with neuropathic bladder in case first-line therapies fail. This simple and reversible procedure can reduce febrile urinary tract infections and protect the upper urinary tract (1) until more definitive alternatives can be proposed. We describe in this video how we approach patients that underwent vesicostomy and want it to be converted into a continent catheterizable reservoir. Material and methods: We perform an infra-umbilical longitudinal incision with a semicircular flap where the stoma will be placed (outside vesicostomy). After releasing the bladder, we proceed with usual steps of the Macedo-Pouch technique (2). We perform the reservoir from 35cm of ileum that constructs a catheterizable channel from the same bowel segment from a 3cm width flap from anterior and posterior wall of ileum in the mid part of it. The continence mechanism of the efferent tube is based on angulation and a serous lined tunnel created with 3-4 3.0 prolene sutures. The stoma is placed in the midline (3). Results: Patient had an uneventful evolution and is continent performing CIC every 4 hours with 9 months of follow-up. We have in the last 3 years a consecutive series of 12 patients operated according to this principle. Discussion: Vesicostomy should be regarded as an alternative for patients with neurogenic bladder refractory to clinical treatment at a younger age in order to postpone definitive treatment such as any an enterocystoplasty. This option must be considered as transient, since definitive reconstructive surgery can provide preservation of renal function and continence achievement. In this context, our video demonstrates that performing a bladder augmentation on a patient with a vesicostomy is safe and feasible. We reinforce that our method precludes the need of appendix or creation of a Monti tube as the outlet channel and the whole procedure is performed from a single piece of bowel.

2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(6): 1072-1074, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134267

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction We present an alternative procedure for distal hypospadias consisting of urethral mobilization and partial glandar disassembly, namely GUD (glandar urethral disassembly) technique. Materials and Methods A subcoronal circumcision exposes distal dysplastic urethra. We incise the Buck´s fascia on both sides of urethra releasing it partially from the corpora. We keep a thin bridge of urethral plate to the glans and disassembly almost completely the glans from the corpora, except for the bridge. The glans is incised creating two wide wings that are extremely mobile. The urethra is mobilized, advanced and sutured to the tip of the glans. The glans wings embrace the distal urethra producing a conical glans. Discussion The concept of urethral mobilization has been reported and popularized by Koff in the literature to correct distal hypospadias. One of the limitations of this procedure is the risk of urethral retraction due to extensive proximal dissection. We got inspiration from Mitchell and Bagli' s work of penile disassembly in epispadias to develop the GUD concept. We adopt minimal urethral mobilization mainly in glandar/proximal penile shaft and complete deconstruction of the glans, detaching the corpora from the glans and rotating the wide glans wings to embrace the urethra. Therefore we avoid suture urethroplasty and refurbish the glans to a better conical shape. Conclusion We are convinced that this operation can be regarded as a genuine alternative to distal hypospadias (coronal and subcoronal) but should not be addressed to midshaft forms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Hypospadias/surgery , Penis/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Urethra/surgery
3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(6): 1228-1236, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828945

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To develop a rabbit experimental study to test the hypothesis that surgical repair of hypospadias with severe ventral curvatures might be completed in one stage, if a graft, such as buccal mucosa, could be placed over the tunica vaginalis flap used in corporoplasty for ventral lengthening, with the addition of an onlay preputial island flap to complete the urethroplasty. Materials and methods: The experimental procedure with rabbits included a tunica vaginalis flap for reconstruction of the corpora after corporotomy, simulating a ventral lengthening operation. A buccal mucosa graft was placed directly on top of the flap, and the urethroplasty was completed with an onlay preputial island flap. Eight rabbits were divided into 4 groups, sacrificed at 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks postoperatively, and submitted to histological evaluation. Results: We observed a large number of complications, such as fistula (75%), urinary retention (50%) and stenosis (50%). There were two deaths related to the procedure. Histological evaluation demonstrated a severe and persistent inflammatory reaction. No viable tunica vaginalis or buccal mucosa was identified. Conclusions: In this animal model, the association of a buccal mucosa graft over the tunica vaginalis flap was not successful, and resulted in complete loss of both tissues.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male/methods , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Urethra/surgery , Hypospadias/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Rabbits , Fibrosis , Urinary Fistula/etiology , Urinary Fistula/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Epithelium/pathology , Hypospadias/pathology , Inflammation
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