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1.
Journal of Menopausal Medicine ; : 51-57, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001336

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study aimed to demonstrate the bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition in postmenopausal women with knee osteoarthritis (OA) who underwent surgical treatment, such as total knee arthroplasty, osteotomy, or meniscectomy. @*Methods@#A total of 254 women with OA aged 50 years who underwent surgical treatment were enrolled in this study. We evaluated obesity-related factors, muscle components, and BMD using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. @*Results@#No significant differences were noted in the BMD of the hip joint between the symptomatic side of the leg with knee OA and the contralateral side. However, when comparing the BMD of each component, the results indicated a significantly higher BMD in the obesity group based on body mass index (BMI). When defining sarcopenic obesity (SO) using various indicators of obesity (BMI, the estimated visceral adipose tissue area, android/gynoid ratio, and total body fat percentage), the prevalence of SO in the OA group who underwent surgical treatment ranged from 22.0% to 49.6%. @*Conclusions@#This study investigated obesity-related factors in patients with advanced knee OA who underwent surgery, revealing a high prevalence of overweight/obese individuals, the presence of SO, and a complex relationship between obesity, body composition, and bone density, highlighting the potential protective effects of weight-bearing on bone health while exploring the impact of sarcopenia on bone density differences in the context of OA. Depending on various definitions of obesity, diverse proportions of SO in patients with OA have been observed, and further detailed research is required to understand its impact on the condition.

2.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 332-335, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902959

ABSTRACT

Objective@#In this video, we present our novel technique for myometrial defect closure following robot-assisted laparoscopic adenomyomectomy. @*Methods@#A narrated video demonstration of our technique. Our patient was a 47-year-old single woman with severe dysmenorrhea, who did not respond to medical therapy and wished to preserve her uterus. Surgery was performed after thorough counseling and obtaining informed consent from the patient (Institutional Review Board number: KC17OESI0238; approval date: March 19, 2018). After removal of the adenomyotic tissue during surgical intervention, the myometrial defect was closed in three steps. First, the defect between the anterior and posterior innermost myometrial layers was closed using a 2-0 Stratafix suture, CT-1 (circle taper) needle (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ, USA). Next, the two sides were approximated using a 2-0 PDS® (polydioxanone) Suture (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ, USA) and V-34 (TAPERCUT®) surgical needle (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ, USA). Finally, the serosa was sutured in a baseball fashion using a 2-0 PDS suture, slim half-circle [SH] needle (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ, USA). @*Results@#The patient had no postoperative complications, and her pain was greatly improved. The CA125 level decreased from 434 U/mL to 45.99 U/mL, and the transvaginal ultrasound showed a reduction in posterior myometrial thickness from 5.61 cm to 2.69 cm. @*Conclusion@#This technique maintained the integrity of the endometrial cavity, posterior myometrial thickness, and uterine layer alignment. We believe that it is a feasible technique and may be a solution for adenomyosis in patients seeking for fertility preservation.

3.
Journal of Menopausal Medicine ; : s7-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915712

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Osteoporosis is the most common chronic disease that occurs after menopause in women. The purpose of this study was to investigate the current status of use of osteoporosis drugs in Korea by figuring out the size of osteoporosis drugs sold in Korea in 2020. @*Methods@#Data Based on Intercontinental Marketing Services (IMS) data for 5 years from 2016 to 2020, the sales amount of osteoporosis drugs was calculated to determine the usage status of osteoporosis drugs. Specific pharmacologic drugs were analyzed included oral and intravenous bisphosphonate, raloxifene, parathyroid hormone, RANKL inhibitors and others. In November 2019, Romosozumab was newly approved by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety for use as a treatment for osteoporosis and was included in this analysis. @*Results@#When looking at the market share of non-hormonal drugs in osteoporosis treatment, denosumab, a SERM drug, showed a steep rise from 2% in 2017 to 30% in 2020, and denosumab was the most used drug in 2020. Compared to 2019, the quarterly sales in 2020 also increased by 58.6% from 47.5 billion won to 75.1 billion won compared to the previous year. It was followed by Ibandronate, Alendronate, and Risedronate, and bisphosphonate showed a decreasing trend. In the case of calcitonin and raloxifene, there is a decreasing trend compared to 2016. In the case of newly added Romosozumab, the market share by component was 2%. Although the insurance benefit standard was applied on December 1, 2020 and is not widely used in 2020, considering the mechanism and effect of this drug, it is likely to emerge as the most important treatment for severe osteoporosis patients in the future. @*Conclusion@#Osteoporosis is the most common chronic disease in the elderly, and it will become more serious as we age. However, compared to the seriousness of the disease, there were not many treatments for this disease. As Romosozumab, an anabolic agent, is added as a new treatment for osteoporosis, it will be possible to save many patients from the risk of fracture by using various treatment agents well.

4.
Journal of Menopausal Medicine ; : s11-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915708

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#The aim of this study is to determine whether there is a difference between right and left femur bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women. @*Methods@#We performed a retrospective chart review of postmenopausal women who underwent bone mineral density (BMD) measurement from 2010 to 2019 at a single center using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Data, including BMD and T-scores of bilateral hip and lumbar spine, was gathered for all postmenopausal women above the age of 50 years. The continuous variables were expressed as means with standard deviation for normal distribution and analyzed with a two-sample t-test. Multiple regression analysis was used to test the effect of underlying medical conditions on T-score of bilateral hips. For all analyses, a p-value of <0.05 was considered significant. @*Results@#346 patients were included in the study with a mean age at imaging of 62 + 9.7 years and body mass index (BMI) of 23.4 + 6.1 kg/m2 . There were no significant differences between right and left femoral BMDs in all patients. There were significant differences in BMD of both total femurs in women in their 60s and women with normal BMD. There was no difference in both femur BMDs between those taking hormone therapy and those not taking hormone therapy. In patients undergoing osteoporosis treatment, there was a difference in the BMD of both femur neck. Calcium and vitamin D intake were not associated with differences between both femur BMD. We found a significant correlation between the BMD measures at lumbar spine and both femur (p < 0.01). @*Conclusion@#There were no significant differences between right and left femoral BMDs in postmenopausal women. Therefore, BMD may be measured at either hip. The correlation of bone density between lumbar spine and femur neck is shown to be statistically meaningful. Based on the knowledge of the correlation coefficients between lumbar spine and femur neck, it seems possible to predict the BMD result of one location through the measurement of another.

5.
Journal of Menopausal Medicine ; : 109-114, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915703

ABSTRACT

Menopause is a normal phenomenon in a woman’s life cycle involving multiple health-related issues that contribute to physical instability. Changes in the immune system in postmenopausal women are caused by estrogen deprivation along with age. Increased proinflammatory serum marker levels, cytokine responses in body cells, decreased CD4 T and B lymphocyte levels, and natural killer cell cytotoxic activity are also observed during postmenopause. Moreover, vitamin D, in addition to its classical effects on calcium homeostasis and bone density, plays an important role. Current evidence indicates that vitamin D regulates innate and adaptive immune responses; however, vitamin D deficiency is linked to increased autoimmune activity and infection susceptibility. This review provides an overview of the consequences of immune alterations as an outcome of aging in postmenopausal women and the benefit of vitamin D supplementation.

6.
Journal of Menopausal Medicine ; : 49-57, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900304

ABSTRACT

The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) is a highly effective contraceptive method that has several noncontraceptive benefits. It has been used in various gynecological conditions, such as heavy menstrual bleeding, dysmenorrhea, and endometrial hyperplasia. During the perimenopausal period, hormonal fluctuations occur, and there is a high tendency for the development of several benign gynecologic diseases. Therefore, the use of LNG-IUS in perimenopausal women might be more beneficial than in women belonging to other age groups. Moreover, the insertion of LNG-IUS during the perimenopausal period could confer endometrial protection during estrogen replacement therapy. In this review, we discuss the use of LNG-IUS in perimenopausal women.

7.
Journal of Menopausal Medicine ; : 1-7, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900298

ABSTRACT

Postmenopausal atrophic vaginitis, along with vasomotor symptoms and sleep disorders, is one of the most troublesome symptoms of menopause. However, many women do not manage this symptom properly due to insufficient knowledge of the symptoms or sexual embarrassment. With appropriate treatment, many postmenopausal women can experience relief from discomforts, including burning sensation or dryness of the vagina and dyspareunia. Topical lubricants and moisturizers, systemic and local estrogens, testosterones, intravaginal dehydroepiandrosterones (DHEAs), selective estrogen receptor modulators, and energy-based therapies are possible treatment modalities. Systemic and local estrogen therapies effectively treat genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM), but they are contraindicated in patients with breast cancer, for whom lubricants and moisturizers must be considered as the primary treatment. Intravaginal DHEA and ospemifene can be recommended for moderate to severe GSM; however, there is insufficient data on the use of intravaginal DHEA or ospemifene in patients with breast cancer, and further studies are needed. Energy-based devices such as vaginal laser therapy reportedly alleviate GSM symptoms; however, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warning has recently been issued because of complications such as chronic pain and burning sensations of the vagina. To summarize, clinicians should provide appropriate individualized treatment options depending on women’s past history, symptom severity, and chief complaints.

8.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 332-335, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895255

ABSTRACT

Objective@#In this video, we present our novel technique for myometrial defect closure following robot-assisted laparoscopic adenomyomectomy. @*Methods@#A narrated video demonstration of our technique. Our patient was a 47-year-old single woman with severe dysmenorrhea, who did not respond to medical therapy and wished to preserve her uterus. Surgery was performed after thorough counseling and obtaining informed consent from the patient (Institutional Review Board number: KC17OESI0238; approval date: March 19, 2018). After removal of the adenomyotic tissue during surgical intervention, the myometrial defect was closed in three steps. First, the defect between the anterior and posterior innermost myometrial layers was closed using a 2-0 Stratafix suture, CT-1 (circle taper) needle (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ, USA). Next, the two sides were approximated using a 2-0 PDS® (polydioxanone) Suture (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ, USA) and V-34 (TAPERCUT®) surgical needle (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ, USA). Finally, the serosa was sutured in a baseball fashion using a 2-0 PDS suture, slim half-circle [SH] needle (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ, USA). @*Results@#The patient had no postoperative complications, and her pain was greatly improved. The CA125 level decreased from 434 U/mL to 45.99 U/mL, and the transvaginal ultrasound showed a reduction in posterior myometrial thickness from 5.61 cm to 2.69 cm. @*Conclusion@#This technique maintained the integrity of the endometrial cavity, posterior myometrial thickness, and uterine layer alignment. We believe that it is a feasible technique and may be a solution for adenomyosis in patients seeking for fertility preservation.

9.
Journal of Menopausal Medicine ; : 49-57, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892600

ABSTRACT

The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) is a highly effective contraceptive method that has several noncontraceptive benefits. It has been used in various gynecological conditions, such as heavy menstrual bleeding, dysmenorrhea, and endometrial hyperplasia. During the perimenopausal period, hormonal fluctuations occur, and there is a high tendency for the development of several benign gynecologic diseases. Therefore, the use of LNG-IUS in perimenopausal women might be more beneficial than in women belonging to other age groups. Moreover, the insertion of LNG-IUS during the perimenopausal period could confer endometrial protection during estrogen replacement therapy. In this review, we discuss the use of LNG-IUS in perimenopausal women.

10.
Journal of Menopausal Medicine ; : 1-7, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892594

ABSTRACT

Postmenopausal atrophic vaginitis, along with vasomotor symptoms and sleep disorders, is one of the most troublesome symptoms of menopause. However, many women do not manage this symptom properly due to insufficient knowledge of the symptoms or sexual embarrassment. With appropriate treatment, many postmenopausal women can experience relief from discomforts, including burning sensation or dryness of the vagina and dyspareunia. Topical lubricants and moisturizers, systemic and local estrogens, testosterones, intravaginal dehydroepiandrosterones (DHEAs), selective estrogen receptor modulators, and energy-based therapies are possible treatment modalities. Systemic and local estrogen therapies effectively treat genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM), but they are contraindicated in patients with breast cancer, for whom lubricants and moisturizers must be considered as the primary treatment. Intravaginal DHEA and ospemifene can be recommended for moderate to severe GSM; however, there is insufficient data on the use of intravaginal DHEA or ospemifene in patients with breast cancer, and further studies are needed. Energy-based devices such as vaginal laser therapy reportedly alleviate GSM symptoms; however, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warning has recently been issued because of complications such as chronic pain and burning sensations of the vagina. To summarize, clinicians should provide appropriate individualized treatment options depending on women’s past history, symptom severity, and chief complaints.

11.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 209-215, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916172

ABSTRACT

The development of robotic technology has facilitated the application of minimally invasive techniques for complex gynecologic surgery. Robot-assisted gynecologic surgery has grown exponentially since receiving Food and Drug Administration approval for use in gynecologic surgery in 2005. Robotic surgery has several major advantages, including three-dimensional visual magnification, articulation beyond normal manipulation, and the filtering of the operator's hand tremors. Therefore, robotic surgery is suitable for microsurgery, and it could be an alternative option for laparotomy. Robotic surgery has advantages, especially for suture-intensive operations such as myomectomy. Patients who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy had significantly decreased estimated blood loss, complication rates, and length of hospital stay. The advantages of robotic surgery help to overcome the limitations of laparoscopy, especially for complicated procedures in deep infiltrating endometriosis. Although extensive radical operations for deep infiltrating endometriosis of the bowel and urinary tract, such as segmental resections of the bladder, ureters, and bowel, were performed by laparotomy in the past, they are now performed more easily and more effectively using robotic techniques. In a recent systematic review and meta-analysis, robotic and laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy resulted in similar clinical outcomes, but robotic surgery was associated with a longer operation time and higher costs. Robotic and conventional laparoscopic hysterectomy show equivalent surgical and clinical outcomes. Compared to laparotomy, robotic gynecologic cancer surgery results in improved clinical outcomes and comparable oncologic outcomes. If robotic surgery is tailored in terms of patient selection, surgeon ability, and equipment availability, it could be a feasible option for highly advanced minimally invasive surgery.

12.
Journal of Menopausal Medicine ; : 83-87, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765768

ABSTRACT

Sleep disorders are one of the main symptoms of menopause. Symptoms of sleep disorders that menopausal women complain about include falling asleep, frequent awakening and/or early morning awakening. There are many possible causes of sleep disorders in postmenopausal women, including vasomotor symptoms, ovarian hormone changes, restless legs syndrome, periodic leg movement syndrome, and obstructive sleep apnea. In this review, we discuss the relationship between menopause and sleep disorders.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Accidental Falls , Leg , Menopause , Postmenopause , Restless Legs Syndrome , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Sleep Wake Disorders
13.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 209-215, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766579

ABSTRACT

The development of robotic technology has facilitated the application of minimally invasive techniques for complex gynecologic surgery. Robot-assisted gynecologic surgery has grown exponentially since receiving Food and Drug Administration approval for use in gynecologic surgery in 2005. Robotic surgery has several major advantages, including three-dimensional visual magnification, articulation beyond normal manipulation, and the filtering of the operator's hand tremors. Therefore, robotic surgery is suitable for microsurgery, and it could be an alternative option for laparotomy. Robotic surgery has advantages, especially for suture-intensive operations such as myomectomy. Patients who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy had significantly decreased estimated blood loss, complication rates, and length of hospital stay. The advantages of robotic surgery help to overcome the limitations of laparoscopy, especially for complicated procedures in deep infiltrating endometriosis. Although extensive radical operations for deep infiltrating endometriosis of the bowel and urinary tract, such as segmental resections of the bladder, ureters, and bowel, were performed by laparotomy in the past, they are now performed more easily and more effectively using robotic techniques. In a recent systematic review and meta-analysis, robotic and laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy resulted in similar clinical outcomes, but robotic surgery was associated with a longer operation time and higher costs. Robotic and conventional laparoscopic hysterectomy show equivalent surgical and clinical outcomes. Compared to laparotomy, robotic gynecologic cancer surgery results in improved clinical outcomes and comparable oncologic outcomes. If robotic surgery is tailored in terms of patient selection, surgeon ability, and equipment availability, it could be a feasible option for highly advanced minimally invasive surgery.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Endometriosis , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Gynecology , Hand , Hysterectomy , Laparoscopy , Laparotomy , Length of Stay , Microsurgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Patient Selection , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Trachelectomy , Tremor , United States Food and Drug Administration , Ureter , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Tract , Uterine Myomectomy
14.
Journal of Menopausal Medicine ; : 172-172, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786086

ABSTRACT

The authors regret that the order of Youngsin Han and Jinju Lee was unintentionally changed in the original version of this article. The Journal would like to assure readers that this does not affect any other content of the article.

15.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 127-134, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741720

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We compared the expression levels of Müllerian inhibiting substance (MIS)/anti-Müllerian hormone type II receptor (AMHRII) in uterine myoma and adenomyosis to evaluate the possibility of using MIS/anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) as a biological regulator or therapeutic agent in patients with uterine leiomyoma and adenomyosis. METHODS: We studied normal uterine myometrium, leiomyoma, endometrial tissue, and adenomyosis from 57 patients who underwent hysterectomy for uterine leiomyoma (22 cases) or adenomyosis (28 cases) and myomectomy for uterine myoma (7 cases). Immunohistochemical staining was used to confirm the MIS/AMHRII protein expression level in each tissue. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was performed to quantify MIS/AMHRII mRNA expression. RESULTS: The MIS/AMHRII protein was more strongly expressed in uterine myoma (frequency of MIS/AMHRII expressing cells: 51.95%±13.96%) and adenomyosis (64.65%±4.85%) tissues than that in the normal uterine myometrium (3.15%±1.69%) and endometrium (31.10%±7.19%). In the quantitative analysis of MIS/AMHRII mRNA expression, MIS/AMHRII mRNA expression levels in uterine myoma (mean density: 4.51±0.26) and adenomyosis (6.84±0.20) tissues were higher than that in normal uterine myometrial tissue (0.08±0.09) and endometrial tissue (1.63±0.06). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that MIS/AMHRII was highly and strongly expressed on uterine myoma and adenomyosis. Our data suggest that MIS/AMH may be evaluated as a biological modulator or therapeutic agent on MIS/AMHRII expressing uterine myoma and adenomyosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Adenomyosis , Endometrium , Hysterectomy , Leiomyoma , Myoma , Myometrium , RNA, Messenger
16.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 135-141, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741719

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy in multiple myomas over 10. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted for 662 patients who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy and open myomectomy by a single operator in a tertiary university hospital. RESULTS: A total of 30 women underwent removal of 10 or more uterine myomas by robotics and 13 patients were selected for this study. The average number of myomas removed was 13.7 (range 10–20). The maximum diameter of the myomas was 6.8 cm (range 5.0–10.0 cm). The sum of the diameters of each myoma was 34.7 cm (range 20.0–54.5 cm) and the mass of resected myomas for each case was 229.1 g (range 106.8–437.9 g). In no case was the robotic procedure converted into conventional laparoscopy or laparotomy, and all patients recovered without any major complications. In comparison with 13 cases of open myomectomy during the same period, robotic surgery took longer time than open surgery (360.5 vs. 183.8 minutes; P=0.001) but had shorter postoperative hospital days after surgery (mean 2.5 vs. 3.5 days; P=0.003). CONCLUSION: Robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy could be an alternative to laparotomic myomectomy for numerous myomas over 10 in number.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Laparoscopy , Laparotomy , Leiomyoma , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Myoma , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Robotics , Uterine Myomectomy
17.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 553-564, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716667

ABSTRACT

Endometriosis is one of the most common diseases in reproductive ages, and it affects patients' quality of life and fertility. However, few Korean guidelines are available for the evaluation and management of endometriosis. Korean Society of Endometriosis reviewed various literatures and trials, and to provide seventy-one evidence-based recommendations. This review presents guidelines for the diagnosis and management of endometriosis with emphasis on: it's role in infertility, treatment of recurrence, asymptomatic women, endometriosis in adolescents and menopausal women, and possible association of endometriosis with cancer.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Diagnosis , Dysmenorrhea , Endometriosis , Fertility , Infertility , Pelvic Pain , Quality of Life , Recurrence
18.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 192-201, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713238

ABSTRACT

Uterine fibroids (leiomyomas or myomas), benign monoclonal tumors, are the most common benign tumors in women. Heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding, abnormal uterine bleeding, resultant anemia, pelvic pain, infertility, and/or recurrent pregnancy loss are generally associated with uterine fibroids. Although curative treatment of this tumor relies on surgical therapies, medical treatments are considered the first-line treatment to preserve fertility and avoid or delay surgery. The aim of this review is to provide available and emerging medical treatment options for symptomatic uterine fibroids. Literature review and consensus of expert opinion. Many uterine fibroids are asymptomatic and require no intervention, although it is advisable to follow-up patients to document stability in size and growth. Fibroid-associated symptoms include heavy menstrual bleeding and pain or pelvic discomfort. The association between infertility and fibroids increases with age. Treatment options for symptomatic uterine fibroids — include medical, surgical, and radiologically guided interventions. Various medical therapies are now available for women with uterine fibroids, although each therapy has its own advantages and disadvantages. Currently, gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists and selective progesterone receptor modulators (SPRMs) are the most effective medical therapies, with the most evidence to support their reduction of fibroid volume and symptomatic improvement in menstrual bleeding. The choice of treatment depends on the patient's personal treatment goals, as well as efficacy and need for repeated interventions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Anemia , Consensus , Expert Testimony , Fertility , Follow-Up Studies , Hemorrhage , Infertility , Leiomyoma , Pelvic Pain , Receptors, LHRH , Receptors, Progesterone , Uterine Hemorrhage
19.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 425-429, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714697

ABSTRACT

Angioleiomyoma is a rare type of leiomyoma variant and there are a few cases reported to date. Herein, we present a case of angioleiomyoma in a 36-year-old woman with lower abdominal pain, initially diagnosed by degenerated uterine leiomyoma. The transvaginal ultrasonogram showed an ovoid-shaped heterogeneously hyperechoic lesion in left cornual site of uterus and pelvic magnetic resonance image showed an about 5.1 cm sized heterogenous T2 intermediate high mass with poor enhancement. The patient underwent a robot-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy, and final histopathologic diagnosis revealed uterine angioleiomyoma. This case is the first case of angioleiomyoma resected by robotic surgery. The patient is on follow up for over 1 year and shows no evidence of recurrence until now.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Abdominal Pain , Angiomyoma , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Leiomyoma , Recurrence , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Ultrasonography , Uterine Myomectomy , Uterus
20.
Journal of Menopausal Medicine ; : 25-31, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222381

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of ovarian volume (OV) to age, height, and weight in Korean young women with the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing ultrasonography (US) and to investigate the relationship between ovarian follicle count and volume on US and serum hormone levels including the levels of the anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and gonadotropin. METHODS: A total of 272 Korean nulliparous women aged 15 to 39 years who were newly diagnosed with PCOS at a university hospital were included in this study. Evaluation of the ovaries and measurement of OVs in all cases were randomly performed by ultrasound. The OV and follicle number (FN) were obtained in all cases. RESULTS: In Korean women with PCOS, mean OV was 7.9 ± 3.6 cm3 (right) and 6.7 ± 3.1 cm3 (left). Mean FN in the PCOS group was 14.2 ± 4.6 (right) and 13.8 ± 4.3 (left). OV and ovarian FN were unrelated to patient weight, height and body mass index. The left ovarian FN was related to patient age. AMH levels ranged from 5.31 to 43.1 ng/mL and the mean level was 13.9 ± 7.2 ng/mL. Serum AMH was related to OV and FN, and serum total testosterone was related to FN in Korean women with PCOS. CONCLUSIONS: In Korean nulliparous women with PCOS, OV was smaller than that in other ethnic groups and the right OV was larger than the left OV. Ovarian FN, AMH, testosterone are good markers for the diagnosis of PCOS in Korean women.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Anti-Mullerian Hormone , Body Mass Index , Diagnosis , Ethnicity , Gonadotropins , Ovarian Follicle , Ovary , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome , Testosterone , Ultrasonography
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