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Indian Pediatr ; 2022 Mar; 59(3): 235-244
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-225311


Justification: Screen-based media have become an important part of human lifestyle. In view of their easy availability and increasing use in Indian children, and their excessive use being linked to physical, developmental and emotional problems, there is a need to develop guidelines related to ensure digital wellness and regulate screen time in infants, children, and adolescents. Objectives: To review the evidence related to effects of screen-based media and excessive screen time on children’s health; and to formulate recommendations for limiting screen time and ensuring digital wellness in Indian infants, children and adolescents. Process: An Expert Committee constituted by the Indian Academy of Pediatrics (IAP), consisting of various stakeholders in private and public sector, reviewed the literature and existing guidelines. A detailed review document was circulated to the members, and the National consultative meet was held online on 26th March 2021 for a day-long deliberation on framing the guidelines. The consensus review and recommendations formulated by the Group were circulated to the participants and the guidelines were finalized. Conclusions: Very early exposure to screen-based media and excessive screen time (>1-2h/d) seems to be widely prevalent in Indian children. The Group recommends that children below 2 years age should not be exposed to any type of screen, whereas exposure should be limited to a maximum of one hour of supervised screen time per day for children 24-59 months age, and less than two hours per day for children 5-10 years age. Screen time must not replace other activities such as outdoor physical activities, sleep, family and peer interaction, studies, and skill development, which are necessary for overall health and development of the children and adolescents. Families should ensure a warm, nurturing, supportive, fun filled and secure environment at home, and monitor their children’s screen use to ensure that the content being watched is educational, ageappropriate and non-violent. Families, schools and pediatricians should be educated regarding the importance of recording screen exposure and digital wellness as a part of routine child health assessment, and detect any signs of cyberbullying or media addiction; and tackle it timely with expert consultation if needed.

Indian Pediatr ; 2022 Feb; 59(2): 137-141
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-225299


Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends promotion of nurturing care for early childhood development (NCECD) by focusing on five essential components viz., good health, adequate nutrition, promotion of early childhood learning, responsive caregiving, and safety and security. Indian medical graduates and pediatricians are the keys to successful delivery and propagation of NC-ECD in the community. Their training therefore needs to include skills and knowledge needed to promote and practice ECD. Objective: To evaluate the existing undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) curricula of pediatrics for components related to early childhood development, assess gaps in the training essential to practice and promote ECD, and suggest recommendations to incorporate NC-ECD in the UG and PG curricula. Process: Indian Academy of Pediatrics created a task force to review the UG/PG medical curricula, consisting of experts from pediatrics and medical education. The task force deliberated on 20 March, 2021 and identified the gaps in current curricula and provided suggestions to strengthen it. The recommendations of the task force are presented here. Recommendations: Taskforce identified that the UG/PG medical curricula are lacking training for propagating early childhood learning, responsive caregiving, caregiver support, and ensuring safety and security of children. The taskforce provided a list of competencies related to ECD that need to be included in both UG and PG curriculum. NC-ECD should also be included in topics for integrated teaching. Postgraduates also need to be exposed to hands-on-training at anganwadis, creches, and in domestic setting.

Indian Pediatr ; 2018 Sep; 55(9): 803-808
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-199174


Ensuring quality in healthcare today has become extremely essential to ensure adequate utilization of healthcare services andimproved outcomes. In addition to essential infrastructure in terms of safe and adequate space, knowledgeable and skilled healthworkers, and essential equipment and supply, the healthcare teams and administrators must also acquire knowledge and skills relatedto quality improvement (QI) methodologies. This review describes the role of learning platforms in teaching QI skills to the busyhealthcare teams. Through Review of the published literature, we discuss challenges of learning and applying new skills of QI in day-to-day work by healthcare teams, and how learning platforms can assist in capacity building. There is a significant body of literature onthe role of web-based teaching technology and learning platforms in medical education. Using modern communication technology,learning platforms can be established to bring together the healthcare teams, with QI experts to collaboratively learn, execute andshare their experiences in improving quality of care in their own healthcare settings.

Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 2011 Mar-Apr; 77(2): 251
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-140828


Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a vector borne disease caused by various species of Leishmania parasite. CL is endemic in the Thar desert of Rajasthan state and Himachal Pradesh in India. Immune suppression caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with atypical clinical presentation of CL which responds poorly to the standard treatment and causes frequent relapses. We are reporting three cases of localized and disseminated CL due to Leishmania tropica which failed to respond to conventional intralesional/intramuscular sodium stibogluconate (SSG) injections. Initially, we did not think of HIV infection because CL is endemic in this region. When patients did not respond to SSG injections, we performed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) tests for HIV and they turned out to be HIV positive. Our report showed that CL is emerging as an opportunistic infection associated with HIV/AIDS and may be the first manifestation in HIV positive patients in an endemic area.

Indian Pediatr ; 2004 Oct; 41(10): 1048-50
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-13727


We describe case report of a 45 days old male baby with neonatal lupus erythematosus, who presented with 3rd degree congenital heart block and depigmented skin lesions on face and upper part of body. Diagnosis of the baby was confirmed by anti nuclear levels and skin biopsy.

Antibodies, Antinuclear/analysis , Heart Block/congenital , Humans , Infant , Lupus Erythematosus, Cutaneous/complications , Male , Skin Pigmentation/immunology
Indian Pediatr ; 2004 Aug; 41(8): 853
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-11221