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1.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 394-400, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995642

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the multimodal imaging features and explore the treatment of parafoveal exudative vascular anomaly complex (PEVAC).Methods:A retrospective study. Six patients (6 eyes) with PEVAC diagnosed in Tianjin Eye Hospital were included in this study from July 2018 to December 2021. All patients were female with monocular disease. The age was (61.1±9.3) years. All patients showed a sudden painless decline in monocular vision with metamorphopsia. All patients underwent best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), color fundus photography, fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA), optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA). Indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) was performed in 4 eyes. In 6 eyes, 3 eyes were treated with intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drug; 5 eyes were treated with micropulse laser photocoagulation and/or local thermal laser photocoagulation; 1 eye was treated with photodynamic therapy. Five patients were followed up for (9.2±7.4) months, and 1 patient was lost. At follow-up, the same equipment and methods were used as at the initial diagnosis. The clinical manifestations, multimodal image features and treatment response were observed.Results:Baseline BCVA of affected eyes were ranged from 0.1 to 0.5. PEVAC was isolated in 6 eyes, and the fundus showed isolated hemangioma-like leision, accompanied by small bleeding and hard exudation. There were 2 isolated hemangiomatous lesions adjacent to each other in 2 eyes. In the early stage of FFA, punctate high fluorescence lesions near the macular fovea were seen, and the leakage was enhanced in the late stage. There was no leakage in the early stage of ICGA, or slight leakage with late scouring. OCT showed an oval lesion with high reflection wall and uneven low reflection. The central macular thickness (CMT) was (431±76) μm. OCTA showed blood flow signals in PEVAC, 2 eyes in the superficial capillary plexus (SCP), and it was also observed in the deep capillary plexus (DCP), but the intensity of blood flow signal was slightly weaker than that in the SCP. The blood flow signal was visible only in DCP in 2 eyes. SCP and DCP showed similar intensity of blood flow signals in 2 eyes. After treatment, the bleeding was absorbed basically in 4 eyes, the hard exudation partially subsided, the CMT decreased, the intercortical cystic cavity of the fovea nerve decreased, the hemangiomatous lesions narrowed, and BCVA increased. In 1 eye, the macular sac was reduced and partially absorbed by hard exudation, which was later relapsed due to blood pressure fluctuation.Conclusions:The majority of PEVAC patients had monocular onset. The fundus is characterized by solitary or structure with strong reflex walls, with or without retinal cysts, hard exudates, and subretinal fluid, and visible blood flow signals inside.

2.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 162-165, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990738

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical characteristics of neonatal plesiomonas shigelloides (P. shigelloides) septicemia.Methods:The clinical data of a neonate with P.shigelloides septicemia admitted to the Department of Neonatology of our hospital were reviewed. Literature on this subject were searched in the following databases: CNKI, CQVIP database, Wanfang Database, SinoMed, PubMed and Web of Science (up to April 2022).The clinical characteristics of reported cases of neonatal P.shigelloides septicemia were analyzed.Results:Our patient was a full-term female neonate with symptoms of tachypnea, groaning, hypotension, septic shock and poor intestinal peristalsis. The cardiac and pulmonary ultrasound indicated pulmonary hypertension and right pleural effusion (empyema). The X-ray suggested pneumothorax. The blood culture showed P.shigelloides. Lumbar puncture and brain imaging showed no central nervous system involvement. After meropenem, penicillin and symptomatic treatment, the patient was cured and discharged without sequelae. In the literature review, 14 articles and 14 cases of neonatal P.shigelloides septicemia were found (a total of 15 cases including our case).All 15 cases had fever, 10 with convulsion/seizure, 8 had jaundice, 8 with respiratory distress/respiratory failure, 6 had feeding difficulty and 6 were irritable. Brain imaging features were hydrocephalus and panencephalitis. Antibiotics and symptomatic treatment were the main therapy. 8 cases died and 7 cases survived including 2 cases with neurological sequelae.Conclusions:Neonatal P.shigelloides septicemia has nonspecific manifestations, often involves multiple organs with significant neurological involvement and a high mortality rate.

3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 539-544, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010235

ABSTRACT

The primary cause of injury and death in the elderly has been reflected in fall the elderly, so the application of reasonable and effective prevention strategies has great significance in reducing the risk of fall in the elderly. The research progress of virtual reality technology applied in preventing fall in the elderly at home and abroad over the years was systematically reviewed in this study. The mechanism of the technology in preventing fall in the elderly was mainly elaborated from five aspects of improving balance ability, gait disturbance, cognitive impairment, muscle strength and the fear psychology of falling. The purpose of this thesis is to broaden the research ideas of medical personnel on the prevention of fall of the elderly, provide more effective clinical practice plans, reduce the occurrence of fall, and guarantee the safety of the elderly.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Gait , Muscle Strength , Technology , Virtual Reality
4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1921-1925, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980581

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To analyze the research status, hotspots, and trend of the clinical comprehensive evaluation of Chinese patent medicine in China. METHODS Based on CNKI, VIP and Wanfang database, clinical comprehensive evaluation of Chinese patent medicine was used as the subject of retrieval, and the retrieval time was from the inception to October 30th, 2022. CiteSpace 6.1.R3 and VOSviewer were used to conduct a visualization analysis of the relative literature of clinical comprehensive evaluation of Chinese patent medicine in terms of annual publication quantity, authors, institutions, keywords, etc. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS A total of 1 460 pieces of literature related to the clinical comprehensive evaluation of Chinese patent medicine were included. The overall annual publication quantity showed a growth trend. There were 714 authors in the included literature. The institutions with a large publication quantity included the Chinese Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, etc., and there was little cooperation among the authors and institutions. High-frequency keywords included Chinese patent medicine, safety, adverse drug reactions, rational drug use, etc. Research hotspots focused on the safety and effectiveness evaluation of Chinese patent medicine. It may be a research trend in this field to strengthen the prescription review of Chinese patent medicine, and build a multi-dimensional and multi-criteriaclinical comprehensive evaluation system for the rational use of Chinese patent medicine.

5.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 1122-1126, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005605

ABSTRACT

At the end of February 2023, the new Notice on the Issuance of Ethical Review Measures for Life Science and Medical Research Involving Humans was issued by the National Health Commission, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Science and Technology, and the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine. It adheres to the basic principles and institutional framework of the Ethical Review Measures for Biomedical Research Involving Humans , and combines with the actual situation of domestic ethical work to optimize and improve the details and procedures of the review. Based on the Ethical Review Measures for Biomedical Research Involving Humans, the Ethical Review Measures for Life Science and Medical Research Involving Humans have expanded the scope of application of ethical review. Different experts in the field have discussed in detail the changes in the scope of review, and proposed review procedures that may need to be corresponding adjustments based on the changes for the readers’ reference.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 256-264, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970521

ABSTRACT

Currently,the research or publications related to the clinical comprehensive evaluation of Chinese patent medicine are increasing,which attracts the broad attention of all circles. According to the completed clinical evaluation report on Chinese patent medicine,there are still practical problems and technical difficulties such as unclear responsibility of the evaluation organization,unclear evaluation subject,miscellaneous evaluation objects,and incomplete and nonstandard evaluation process. In terms of evaluation standards and specifications,there are different types of specifications or guidelines with different emphases issued by different academic groups or relevant institutions. The professional guideline is required to guide the standardized and efficient clinical comprehensive evaluation of Chinese patent medicine and further improve the authority and quality of evaluation. In combination with the characteristics of Chinese patent medicine and the latest research achievement at home and abroad,the detailed specifications were formulated from six aspects including design,theme selection,content and index,outcome,application and appraisal,and quality control. The guideline was developed based on the guideline development requirements of China Assoication of Chinese medicine. After several rounds of expert consensus and public consultation,the current version of the guideline has been developed.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Consensus , China , Reference Standards , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
7.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 193-199, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969866

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the contribution and interaction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)-DNA adducts and changes of telomere length (TL) on missed abortion. Methods: From March to December 2019, patients with missed abortion in the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University and pregnant women with normal pregnancy but voluntary abortion in the same department during the same period were selected and divided into a case group and a control group. Questionnaire was used to investigate the general situation and the pregnancy situation of the subjects. The abortion villi were collected and the content of PAH-DNA adducts and TL was detected. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the associated factors of missed abortion. R epiR package and Mediation package were used to analyze the effect and relationship between PAH-DNA adducts and TL on missed abortion. Results: The age of the subjects was(29.92±5.69)years old. The M(Q1,Q3)of PAH-DNA adducts was 453.75(404.61, 504.72) pg/ml. The M(Q1,Q3)of TL was 1.21(0.77, 1.72). The content of PAH-DNA adducts in the case group was higher than that in the control group (Z=-2.10, P=0.036), while the TL was lower than that in the control group (Z=-4.05, P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression showed that low, medium and high levels of PAH-DNA adducts (OR=3.17,95%CI:1.41-7.14;OR=2.85,95%CI:1.25-6.52;OR=2.46,95%CI:1.07-5.64), and long, medium and short levels of TL (OR=2.50,95%CI:1.11-5.63;OR=3.32,95%CI:1.45-7.56;OR=3.22,95%CI:1.42-7.26) were all risk factors for missed abortion. The medium level of PAH-DNA adducts had a 2.76-fold higher risk of shortened TL than those with the lowest level, and no mediating role of TL was found. The stratified analysis showed that when the TL level was longer (>1.21), the low and high levels of PAH-DNA adducts were associated with missed abortion (all P<0.05); when the TL level was shorter (<1.21), the medium level of PAH-DNA adducts was associated with abortion (P=0.025). At lower levels of PAH-DNA adducts, no effect of TL on missed abortion was observed, while, at higher levels, TL was strongly associated with missed abortion (OR=7.50,95%CI:1.95-28.82;OR=6.04,95%CI:1.54-23.65;OR=9.05,95%CI:2.34-35.04). The interaction analysis found that the AP was 0.72 (95%CI: 0.46-0.99), and the SI was 5.21 (95%CI: 2.30-11.77). Conclusion: The high level of PAH-DNA adducts and shortened TL may increase the risk of missed abortion, and there may be a positive additive interaction between the two factors on missed abortion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Adult , DNA Adducts , Abortion, Missed/chemically induced , Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons , Abortion, Spontaneous/chemically induced , Telomere/chemistry
8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 181-188, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940675

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the forest type and soil environment suitable for Panax ginseng. MethodThe yield, quality, soil chemical properties, soil enzyme activity, and soil microbial metabolism of 9-year-old P. ginseng under different forests were investigated. ResultThe quality of P. ginseng was significantly different among forest types. To be specific, P. ginseng under the Quercus mongolica forest had the highest quality, with the total saponin content of 2.27% which was 51.89% higher than that in P. ginseng under Larix gmelinii forest. The yield of P. ginseng under Q. mongolica forest and L. gmelinii forest (30 g·m-2) was the highest, 62.5% higher than that under Betula platyphylla forest. The soil content of organic matter, Cu, and Zn, and activity of sucrase and urease under Q. mongolica forest were lower than those under other forest types. The utilization rate of D-galacturonic acid by soil microorganisms under Q. mongolica forest was higher than that under other forest types, but the utilization rate of L-phenylalanine was lower than that under other forest types. The utilization rate of 2-hydroxybenzoic acid by soil microorganisms of B. platyphylla forest was significantly lower than that under other forest types. There was a negative correlation between soil Zn and ginsenoside Rb1 and Rc, and between soil K and ginsenoside Rb2 and Rb3. Mn and Cu were positively correlated with most saponins. The results of redundancy analysis showed that the soil microorganisms using carbon sources of amino acids, esters, acids, and sugars were the main factors causing the differences in P. ginseng among different forest types. ConclusionThe yield and quality of P. ginseng under Q. mongolica forest were the best, followed by the forest with different tree species, and coming in last was the B. platyphylla forest. This study is expected to provide theoretical support for the improvement of P. ginseng yield and quality and the improvement of ecological planting technology.

9.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 659-664, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960461

ABSTRACT

Background The incidence rate of missed abortion is increasing year by year, but the etiology has not been fully elucidated. Adverse pregnancy history and exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) may increase the risk of missed abortion. Objective To investigate the interaction between adverse pregnancy history and PAHs exposure on missed abortion in early pregnancy, and to provide evidence for the etiologic research of missed abortion. Methods A total of 114 pregnant women diagnosed with missed abortion in the Department of Obstetrics of the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from March to December 2019 were selected as the case group, and 139 pregnant women who visited the same hospital for voluntary induced abortion in the same period as the control group, to collect basic information and medical information of abortion, stillbirth, intrauterine growth retardation, and other adverse pregnancy history. Abortion villus tissues were collected to detect PAH-DNA adducts levels, stratified by pregnancy and adverse pregnancy history and grouped by quartile method: Q1 (< 404.61 ng·L−1), Q2 (404.61−453.75 ng·L−1), Q3 (453.76−506.72 ng·L−1), and Q4 (≥506.73 ng·L−1). SPSS 25.0 statistical software was used for χ2 test and multiple logistic regression, and additive and multiplicative models were used to investigate the interaction between adverse pregnancy history and PAH-DNA adducts level on missed abortion. The PAH-DNA adducts were grouped by tertiles and quartiles, and P33, P50, P67 and P75 were used as data cut points for sensitivity analysis. Results The proportion of adverse pregnancy history in the case group (32.46%) was higher than that in the control group (12.23%) (P < 0.001). Among 160 subjects with≥2 pregnancies, the proportion of adverse pregnancy history in the case group (57.81%) was higher than that in the control group (17.71%) (P < 0.001). The results of χ2 test stratified by pregnancy for different PAH-DNA adducts levels between the two groups showed that the PAH-DNA adducts level was associated with missed abortion in subjects with≥2 pregnancies (χ2=10.14, P=0.017). Being further stratified by adverse pregnancy history, the PAH-DNA adducts level in subjects with no adverse pregnancy history was associated with missed abortion (χ2=9.70, P=0.021). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that adverse pregnancy history (OR=5.88, 95%CI: 2.79−12.39) and PAH-DNA adducts (OR=3.01, 95%CI: 1.22−7.40) increased the risk of missed abortion, but no interaction between them was found. The relative excess risk of interaction (RERI), the attributable percentage of interaction (AP), and the synergy index (SI) and its 95%CI were 0.60 (95%CI: −0.58−1.77), 0.74 (95%CI: −0.83−2.30), and 0.20 (95%CI: 0.01−5.43), respectively. Conclusions Adverse pregnancy history and PAH-DNA adducts in pregnant women may increase the risk of missed abortion. The effect of the interaction between them on the occurrence of missed abortion is not supported by the current study.

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2141-2145, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942676

ABSTRACT

Reconstructed rebalanced hemostasis exists in patients with liver cirrhosis, while such balance is unstable and can be easily broken by stress factors, which may lead to bleeding or thrombosis. There is a lack of effective strategies to prevent and solve the disrupted balance in clinic due to the complex pathogenesis of rebalanced hemostasis, limited testing methods, and insufficient awareness among clinicians. With reference to the articles in recent years, this article summarizes the mechanism of rebalanced hemostasis in liver cirrhosis and the causes of bleeding and thrombosis and discuss the association between blood transfusion and rebalanced hemostasis and the selection of anticoagulant drugs during thrombosis, in order to provide a theoretical basis and new ideas for solving related issues in clinical practice.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 135-143, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942339

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the methodological quality of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) diagnosis and treatment guidelines/consensus of constipation with Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation Ⅱ (AGREE Ⅱ)tool, and to study the attention situation of the included Chinese patent medicines in China's National Reimbursement Drug List in the guidelines/consensus. MethodThe data of CNKI,VIP,Wanfang Data,SinoMed,PubMed and Cochrane from the inception of the databases to October 2021 were searched to collect the TCM diagnosis and treatment guidelines/consensus of constipation. Then,the diagnosis and treatment standards and recommended Chinese patent medicines were extracted. Two researchers assessed the methodological quality of the guidelines/consensus with AGREE Ⅱ tool independently. The quality of reports was evaluated by Reporting Items for practice Guidelines in HealThcare (RIGHT) Statement. The recommended Chinese patent medicines in the guidelines/consensus were compared with those in the National Reimbursement Drug List. ResultEleven consensus and 2 guidelines were included,involving 794 experts. The scores of AGREE II were clarity of presentation(59.0%),scope and purpose(44.0%),stakeholder involvement(23.1%),rigor of development (12.1%),applicability (11.1%),and editorial independence (8.3%) from high to low. Five articles were recommended at B level(recommended after revision) and 8 articles were at C level (not recommended). The average scores of RIGHT Statement were as follows:basic information (93.59%),background (57.69%),evidence (18.46%),recommendations (20.88%),review and quality assurance (19.23%),funding,declaration and management of interests (0.00%), and other information (0.00%). The included guidelines/consensus recommended a total of 27 Chinese patent medicines,among which 20 were included in the National Reimbursement Drug List,with 4 species of Class A and 16 species of Class B, accounting for 74.1% of all recommended Chinese patent medicines. Ten purgative Chinese patent medicines in the National Reimbursement Drug List were recommended by the guidelines/consensus,accounting for 50% of all purgative drugs, and 8 were not recommended. There were prescriptions for purgation, for promoting digestion and removing food stagnation, for clearing heat and purging fire,and for warming the middle and dissipating cold,Tibetan medicine and Mongolian medicine. ConclusionBy the AGREE Ⅱ assessment,the methodological quality of the TCM diagnosis and treatment guidelines/consensus of constipation included in this study needed to be improved in the future. The report quality evaluated with RIGHT Statement was low. Most drugs included in the National Reimbursement Drug List were paid attention in the TCM diagnosis and treatment guidelines/consensus of constipation. Moreover,the drugs included in the National Reimbursement Drug List could basically fulfill the clinical needs reflexed from the guidelines/consensus recommendations. However, the reasons of some drugs failing to be included in the National Reimbursement Drug List needed to be studied in the future.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2731-2737, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941498

ABSTRACT

With the wide application of stable isotope tracer metabolomics technology, its comprehensive analysis and in-depth mining of data are particularly important, and metabolic flux analysis is one of the main technical means, especially in the study of glucose metabolism. Metabolic flux analysis technology combines isotope tracing with mathematical models to deduce and calculate the metabolic flux between metabolites. The metabolic flux provides more information for research and reflects a dynamic metabolic process more clearly and specifically. This paper reviews the basic process, precautions, and application examples of metabolic flux analysis in glucose metabolism research, and provides a reference for the application of metabolic flux analysis based on stable isotope tracer metabolomics in glucose metabolism research.

13.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 765-770, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939660

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the value of autotaxin (an autocrine motility factor) level in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in predicting refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (RMPP) in children and its correlation with interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and C-reactive protein (CRP).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 238 children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia who were admitted from January 2019 to December 2021. According to disease severity, they were divided into two groups: RMPP (n=82) and general Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (GMPP; n=156). The two groups were compared in terms of the levels of autotaxin, IL-6, IL-8, and CRP in serum and BALF to study the value of autotaxin level in serum and BALF in predicting RMPP in children, as well as the correlation of autotaxin level with IL-6, IL-8, and CRP in children with RMPP.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the GMPP group, the RMPP group had significantly higher levels of autotaxin, IL-6, IL-8, and CRP in serum and BALF (P<0.05). For the children with RMPP, the levels of autotaxin, IL-6, IL-8, and CRP in serum and BALF in the acute stage were significantly higher than those in the convalescent stage (P<0.05). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the level of autotaxin in serum and BALF had a good value in predicting RMPP in children, with an area under the curve of 0.874 (95%CI: 0.816-0.935) and 0.862 (95%CI: 0.802-0.924), respectively. The correlation analysis showed that the level of autotaxin in serum and BALF was positively correlated with IL-6, IL-8, and CRP levels (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The level of autotaxin in serum and BALF increases and is correlated with the degree of disease recovery and inflammatory cytokines in children with RMPP. Autotaxin can be used as a predictive indicator for RMPP in children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , C-Reactive Protein , Cytokines , Interleukin-6 , Interleukin-8 , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies
14.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 13-21, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927628

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aims to investigate the association of metabolic phenotypes that are jointly determined by body mass index (BMI) or fat mass percentage and metabolic health status with the ten-year risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among Chinese adults.@*METHODS@#Data were obtained from a cross-sectional study. BMI and body fat mass percentage (FMP) combined with the metabolic status were used to define metabolic phenotypes. Multiple linear regression and logistic regression were used to examine the effects of metabolic phenotypes on CVD risk.@*RESULTS@#A total of 13,239 adults aged 34-75 years were included in this study. Compared with the metabolically healthy non-obese (MHNO) phenotype, the metabolically unhealthy non-obese (MUNO) and metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) phenotypes defined by BMI showed a higher CVD risk [odds ratio, OR (95% confidence interval, CI): 2.34 (1.89-2.89), 3.45 (2.50-4.75), respectively], after adjusting for the covariates. The MUNO and MUO phenotypes defined by FMP showed a higher CVD risk [ OR (95% CI): 2.31 (1.85-2.88), 2.63 (1.98-3.48), respectively] than the MHNO phenotype. The metabolically healthy obese phenotype, regardless of being defined by BMI or FMP, showed no CVD risk compared with the MHNO phenotype.@*CONCLUSION@#General obesity without central obesity does not increase CVD risk in metabolically healthy individuals. FMP might be a more meaningful factor for the evaluation of the association of obesity with CVD risk. Obesity and metabolic status have a synergistic effect on CVD risk.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adipose Tissue/anatomy & histology , Body Mass Index , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Metabolic Diseases/etiology , Obesity/complications , Phenotype , Regression Analysis , Risk Factors
15.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1558-1563, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908117

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of collaborative nursing intervention in moist therapy of patients with chronic wounds, in order to provide a theoretical basis for the treatment of chronic wounds.Methods:A total of 120 patients with chronic wounds in Wenchang People's Hospital, Hainan Province, from April 2018 to April 2020 were selected, and divided into two groups by random number table methods, each with 60 cases. The control group was given routine nursing of wet treatment, while the observation group was given collaborative nursing on the basis of the control group. The general data of patients were collected and the wound healing, quality of life, anxiety and depression were compared.Results:The wound healing time of the observation group was (14.36±3.68) d, which was shorter than that of the control group (17. 87±3.71) d, the difference was statistically significant( t value was 5.203, P<0.01). There was no significant difference in the total score of pressure ulcer healing before treatment between the two groups( P>0.05). After treatment, the total score of pressure ulcer healing was (4.32± 1.15) points in the observation group and (6.75 ± 1.13) points in the control groups, the difference was statistically significant( t value was 11.675, P<0.01).There was no significant difference in the scores of each dimension in the short form of health survey before treatment between the two groups( P>0.05). After treatment, the scores of physiological function, physiological function, emotional function, physical pain, vitality, mental health, social function, overall health dimensions in the short form of health survey were (47.36 ± 12.48), (68.97 ± 12.46), (54.36 ± 19.48), (78.46 ± 10.12), (75.46 ± 12.54), (69.78 ± 15.64), (89.64 ± 10.14), (72.46±9.48) points in the observation group, and (42.48±12.57), (62.42±12.53), (46.34±20.35), (71.25±10.36), (66.32±12.37), (57.43±16.53), (72.48±11.48), (59.34±10.14) points in the control group, the differences were statistically significant( t values were 5.681-16.903, P<0.01). There was no significant difference in the score of Self-rating Anxiety Scale, Self-rating Depression Scale before treatment between the two groups( P>0.05). The score of Self-rating Anxiety Scale, Self-rating Depression Scale were (38.15±4.32), (39.24±4.25) points in the observation group and (43.42±4.18), (45.17±4.16) points in the control group, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 6.791, 7.724, P<0.01). Conclusions:Collaborative nursing model can effectively promote wound healing of patients with chronic wound moist therapy, and improve their quality of life.

16.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 163-167, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907410

ABSTRACT

Saccharomyces boulardii is a subspecies of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and is a fungal probiotic. It can regulate the intestinal flora and enhance the barrier function of the intestinal tract. Compared with bacterial probiotics, Saccharomyces boulardii is more resistant to acid and oxidation, does not transmit genetic material with bacteria, and can be used in combination with antibiotics. Saccharomyces boulardii can function through a variety of mechanisms, and many proteases secreted by it have antitoxin effects; its own bacteria contain more polyamines, which can nourish the intestinal mucosal cells and regulate the body's metabolic balance. Besides, it can regulate multiple signal pathways to enhance intestinal immunity. Saccharomyces boulardii has been used in the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC). The results of animal experiments and clinical studies have shown that the application of Saccharomyces boulardii can improve intestinal inflammation and enhance the therapeutic effect of mesalazine. Saccharomyces boulardii can be used as an auxiliary drug for the treatment of UC.

17.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 689-692, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907303

ABSTRACT

The body′s specific immune response is a very complicated process involving a series of immune cells and molecules that regulate and restrict each other.At present, the pathogenesis of most kidney diseases is not clear.B7(CD80)is located on antigen-presenting cells that regulate CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and play a role in enhancing or amplifying immune responses by binding to the cellular glycoprotein CD28.It also binds to cytotoxic T lymphocyte-Antigen4(CTLA-4)to inhibit the immune response.In general, renal tissue has no or low expression of B7.However, some glomerular diseases are associated with increased B7, which reduces the ability of podocytes to attach to the glomerular basement membrane and increases inflammation and renal fibrosis.When the B7-CTLA-4 interaction occurs, the immune response is attenuated.The disease can be prevented by blocking CD28 or enhancing the CTLA-4 signal.This article reviewed the role of costimulatory molecule B7/CD28 in the pathogenesis of kidney diseases, such as pod-cell damage, primary glomerulonephritis, purpura nephritis, lupus nephritis.Furthermore, it discussed the feasibility of B7 blockers were used as targeted therapies for kidney diseases.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1286-1292, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887093

ABSTRACT

With the rapid development of high sensitivity detection techniques such as nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry, stable isotope-resolved metabolomics has been widely used in elucidating the regulatory mechanism of metabolic pathways and metabolic flow analysis, and some breakthroughs have been made. In this paper the application of stable isotope-resolved metabolomics in glucose catabolic regulation, metabolic flow analysis and functional interpretation of key metabolic pathways is reviewed, providing references for the wider use and application of this technology.

19.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 40-46, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885837

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence and risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in extremely preterm infants (EPI) before 28 weeks of gestation during 8-years period.Methods:A retrospective study. From January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2018, 300 EPI infants with a gestational age of less than 28 weeks admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Tianjin Central Hospital of Gynecology Obstetrics were included in the study. EPI birth gestational week (GA), birth weight (BW), gender and other basic information, as well as neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, oxygen (≥10 d), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and other hospitalizations and complications were recorded. According to ROP international classification standards, ROP was staged. Severe ROP was defined as ROP that requires treatment. The screening start time, screening interval, and intervention time of all children tested were carried out in accordance with the requirements of the "Guidelines for Screening Retinopathy of Prematurity" until the end of follow-up. The most severe ROP during the follow-up of each examined child was recorded as the final screening result of the examined child, and those with asymmetric eyes with the screening results of the severe side of the diseas was recorded. A retrospective analysis of the overall incidence of EPI ROP showed the incidence of severe ROP, and the first and second stages of EPI ROP during the 8 years (from January 1 , 2011 to December 31, 2014, and January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2018), changes in the rate of severe illness. Logistic regression analysis was used to screen independent risk factors for severe ROP.Results:Among 300 EPI infants, the average GA was (26.7±1.8) weeks; the average BW was (993.3±178.7) g. Two hundred and five infants (68.3%) were diagnosed with ROP, 116 (56.6%), 57 (27.8%), and 32 (15.6%) infants of stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, and Ⅲ disease, respectively. There were no infants of stage IV and V. There were 30 infants (14.6%) with additional lesions and 59 infants (19.7%) with severe ROP requiring treatment. With the increase of GA ( χ2=52.391, 44.521; P=0.000, 0.000) and BW ( χ2=43.772, 26.138; P=0.000, 0.000), the incidence of EPI ROP and the incidence of severe ROP decreased significantly. From 2011 to 2018, the number of people surviving EPI obviously increased, especially those with small GA (26 weeks) and low BW (750 g). The average GA of the second stage EPI was lower than that of the first stage, the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.243, P=0.026); the average BW of the second stage EPI was lower than the first stage, the difference was not statistically significant ( t=1.428, P=0.154). The incidence of ROP in the second stage EPI was slightly higher than that in the first stage, and the incidence of severe ROP was lower than that in the first stage, the difference was not statistically significant ( χ2=1.069, 1.723; P=0.301, 0.189). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that GA<27 weeks ( β=-2.584, P=0.032), maternal chorioamnionitis (CA) ( β=-0.935, P=0.038) and BPD ( β=-1.432, P=0.001) was an independent risk factor for severe ROP. Conclusions:The incidence of EPI ROP and severe ROP are 68.3% and 19.7%, respectively. From 2011 to 2018, the number of survivors of EPI obviously increase, and those with small GA and low BW increase significantly; however, the incidence of ROP and severe ROP remaine stable. GA, CA and BPD are independent risk factors for severe ROP.

20.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 493-502, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922527

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Sleep disorders are common in older adults and have a negative influence on their physical and mental health. General aerobic exercises (GAEs) have long been used in the treatment of sleep disorders as a non-pharmacological measure. However, there is no consensus on the efficacy of traditional Chinese exercises (TCEs) for treating sleep disorders in older adults and the difference between TCEs and GAEs.@*OBJECTIVE@#This study assessed the effects of TCEs and GAEs on the sleep quality of older adults and the differences between these two interventions.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China Biology Medicine disc, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Science Journal Database and Wanfang Data were searched from their inception to August 2020.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the effects of TCEs and GAEs on older adults with sleep disorders were included.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Data were extracted by two researchers working independently. The risk bias of included studies was assessed using the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions 5.1.0 and the quality of evidence was assessed using the Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to estimate sleep quality. Meta-analyses were performed to assess the total PSQI score of the exercise intervention as the primary outcome, and the scores of subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance, use of sleep medication and daytime dysfunction were assessed as secondary outcomes. Subgroup, sensitivity, and meta-regression analyses were conducted to assess the contribution of covariables to heterogeneity.@*RESULTS@#A total of 22 RCTs (including 1747 participants) were included in the meta-analysis. The results indicated that TCEs (weighted mean difference [WMD] = -2.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] [-2.82, -1.46], P < 0.001; heterogeneity: P < 0.001, I@*CONCLUSION@#Current evidence shows that both TCEs and GAEs, as complementary and non-pharmacological approaches, help to improve the sleep quality in older adults with potentially clinical implications; however, there was not enough evidence to conclude the difference between them. More rigorous and high-quality RCTs are needed to arrive at reliable conclusions.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , China , Exercise , Exercise Therapy , Sleep Wake Disorders/therapy , Tai Ji
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