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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734385

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the impact of weight loss surgery after 3 months of stable condition through intervention on patients with obese hyperlipidemic acute pancreatitis (HLAP).Methods Ten patients with obese HLAP who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) at the General Surgery Department of our hospital were followed-up at 1,3,6,12,24 months after surgery.Their weight,BMI,EWL,and blood parameters (TG,LDL-C,HDL-C,TC,FPG,HbA1c,UA,hs-CRP,ESR,and hemorheology indexes) were compared.The impact on postoperative obese HLAP was assessed.Results The weight,BMI,EWL and blood index (TG,LDL-C,HDL-C,TC,FPG,HbA1c,UA,hs-CRP,ESR,and hemorheology indexes) of the patients gradually decreased.The decrease was significantly different from that before surgery (P<0.05),which became stable at 12 months and with no recurrence at 24 months after surgery.Conclusions LSG reduced body weight and improved metabolic status of the patients.It stopped the occurrence of obese HLAP.LSG can be used as an effective intervention for patients with obese HLAP.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708340

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship of early postoperative CRP and PCT with pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD);to study whether the combination of CRP and PCT can be used as an early predictor of pancreatic fistula;and to determine the optimal cut-off values of CRP and PCT for early diagnosis of pancreatic fistula after PD.Methods Postoperative pancreatic fistula and other complications were recorded in 82 patients after PD carried out at the Anshan Iron and Steel Group General Hospital from January 2013 to May 2017.PCT and CRP were measured on the 1st to the 5th postoperative day (POD).CRP and PCT were compared between the pancreatic fistula group and the non-complication group on pancreatic fistula prediction.The sensitivity,specificity,and combined sensitivity,combined specificity,negative predictive value,positive predictive value and optimal cut-off value were calculated.Results 56 patients developed postoperative complications,including 17 patients with pancreatic fistula,and 39 patients with non-pancreatic fistula.The postoperative CRP and PCT were correlated with postoperative pancreatic fistula and with other complications.The higher the CRP and PCT,the higher the risk of postoperative pancreatic fistula.The ROC curves suggested that CRP and PCT had a high predictive value for pancreatic fistula,especially on POD 2.The optimal cut-off value of CRP was 189.05 mg/L,the sensitivity was 94.1%,the specificity was 81.5%,the positive predictive value was 94.7%,and the negative predictive value was 24.4%.The optimal cut-off value of PCT was 0.89 mg/dl,the sensitivity was 88.2%,the specificity was 84.6%,the positive predictive value was 91.3%,and the negative predictive value was 20.5%.The sensitivity and specificity of combined CRP with PCT on POD 2 in predicting pancreatic fistula after operations were 100% and 69.1%,respectively.Conclusion Combined CRP and PCT had a high early predictive rate in the identification of pancreatic fistula after PD.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506779

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of community comprehensive rehabilitation on quality of life in patients with stroke sequelae under the family medical service mode. Methods From October, 2013 to October, 2014, 51 patients with stroke sequelae received compre-hensive rehabilitation intervention for three months, including rehabilitation training, rehabilitation guidance, health education and psycho-logical counseling. They were assessed with modified Barthel index (MBI), WHO-Disability Assessment Schedule (WHO-DASⅡ), Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36), Brain Injury Community Rehabilitation Outcome Scales (BICRO-39), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) before and after intervention. Results The scores of physical functionning, role physical, general health, mental health, social functioning and the total score in SF-36 increased after intervention (t>2.072, P2.434, P2.507, P<0.05). Conclusion In the community health service, comprehensive rehabilitation guided by multidisciplinary rehabilitation team can facilitate to improve the quality of life in patients with stroke sequela.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237278

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the value of fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) for detecting common chromosome aneuploidies in interphase nuclei of amniotic fluid cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty two uncultured amniotic fluid samples and supernatants from 2 successfully and 5 unsuccessfully cultured amniotic fluid samples were analyzed with FISH. Results from standard cytogenetic analysis of 79 uncultured amniotic fluid samples and 2 successfully cultured amniotic fluid samples were compared with FISH results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All of the 89 samples were succeeded analyzed with FISH. Positive findings included 3 cases with trisomy 21, 1 case with 47, XYY and 1 case with 69, XXX, which were consistent with results of karyotype analysis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>FISH is a rapid and accurate method for prenatal diagnosis, and can also provide a remedy to failed amniotic fluid cells culture.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Amniotic Fluid , Cell Biology , Cell Culture Techniques , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Methods , Karyotyping , Pregnancy
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2390-2392, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283753

ABSTRACT

We describe a case of systemic sclerosis (SSc) complicated with portal hypertensive ascites which did not improve with diuretics and ascitic drainage. When corticosteroid added, her ascites diminished dramatically. Though portal hypertension can be imputed to other causes, such as polycystic liver in this case, it can occur in limited SSc with positive anti-centromere antibody and respond to corticosteroid treatment.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Therapeutic Uses , Aged , Female , Humans , Hypertension, Portal , Diagnostic Imaging , Drug Therapy , Radiography , Scleroderma, Systemic , Diagnostic Imaging , Drug Therapy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229968

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the dynamic changes of lymphocyte subsets before and after autologous hemopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in severe/refractory autoimmune disease (AID) and study the post-transplantation immunological reconstitution in AID.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirteen patients with severe/refractory AID who registered for HSCT from April 2003 to April 2005 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital, including 8 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, 4 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and 1 patient with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) were enrolled in this study. Blood samples were collected before/after mobilization, before conditioning, and 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months, and 18 months post-transplantation. Lymphocyte subsets were tested by flow cytometry as follows: T cell (CD3 +), B cell (CD19 +), natural killer (CD3-CD16 + CD56 +), Th (CD3 + CD4 +), Tc (CD3 + CD8 +), naïve T (CD4 + CD45RA), memory T (CD4 + CD45RO), and CD4/CD8 ratio.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Lymphocyte subsets for SLE patients were severely abnormal compared to normal or RA patients (both P < 0.01). B cell reconstituted to normal level within 18 months, meanwhile NK and T cell remained low. The repopulations of Th and naive T cell were delayed, which caused the up-side-down of CD4/CD8 ratio and low level of naYve T cell percentage for a relatively long time.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Lymphocyte subsets abnormality in SLE patients are more severe than in RA patients. Although most autoimmune T/B cell in the grafts and patients can be effectively removed after transplantation, nonmyeloablative conditioning may be a risk for the relapse of AID. The long-term inhibition of CD4 + T cell may be related with the relief of AID after transplantation.</p>


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Lymphocyte Subsets , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Sjogren's Syndrome , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243547

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the feasibility and safety of peripheral CD34+ cell mobilization in patients with severe autoimmune disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-two patients underwent a total of 46 mobilizations by the regimen of cyclophosphamide 2-3 g/m2+ recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) 5 microg x kg(-1) x d(-1). The positive selection of CD34+ cell was performed through the CliniMACS.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In 8.1 +/- 2. 3 days after administration of cyclophosphamide, the peripheral white blood cell and mononuclear cell (MNC) decreased to the lowest level. In 3.7 +/- 1.6 days after injection of rhG-CSF, the peripheral absolute MNC and CD34+ cell counts were 0.95 x 10(9)/L and 0.035 x 10(9)/L, respectively. After 2.4 +/- 0.6 times of leukapheresis, there gained 4.46 x 10(8)/kg of MNC and 5.26 x 10(6)/kg of CD34+, respectively. After mobilization, the underlying diseases were ameliorated more or less. In systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) decreased from a median of 17 to 3 (P < 0.01). In rheumatic arthritis patients, an American College of Rheumatology criteria for 20% (ACR20) response was achieved in all five patients. Totally, 17.4% of patients whose absolute neutrophil count < 0.5 x 10(9)/L suffered infection, and 31.0% of patients had bone pain after the injection of rhG-CSF. Two patients suffered severe complications, one with acute renal failure and recovered by hemodialysis, the other died of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Failed mobilization occurred in three patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Sufficient CD34+ cells can be mobilized by low dose of cyclophosphamide and rhG-CSF. CD34+ cell mobilization for treatment of severe autoimmune disease not only is appropriate in both effectiveness and safety but ameliorates disease also.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antigens, CD , Blood , Antigens, CD34 , Blood , Autoimmune Diseases , Therapeutics , Cyclophosphamide , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Methods , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Leukapheresis , Methods , Leukocyte Count , Leukocytes , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305432

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of high dose immunosuppressive therapy (HDIT) and autologous hemopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with CD34+ cell selection in patients with severe, refractory autoimmune diseases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-six patients with persistent systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS), or systemic sclerosis (SSc) who had been treated unsuccessfully with conventional treatment were enrolled in the trial in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from September 1999 to June 2004. The patients received HDIT with 200 mg/kg cyclophosphamide followed by an infusion of autologous stem cells that were CD34 selected. Disease activity, adverse effect, hemopoietic and immune reconstitution, and time to recurrence of disease were monitored.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Overall treatment related mortality was 7.7% (2/26) with 1 patient died of cytomegalovirus infection and another of severe pneumonia. Relapse occurred in 3 SLE patients (17.6%) in 37, 26, and 19 months posttransplantation respectively, and 1 RA patient in 15 months posttransplantation. SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) scores of SLE survivors decreased significantly (P < 0.01). RA patients recorded a drop of Disease Activity Score 28 (DAS 28). The pSS patient remained symptoms free up to now, more than 50 months after the transplantation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HSCT can be performed relative safely in patients with severe autoimmune disease. Short-term effect of HSCT is promising. However treatment related mortality and relapse were observed in a subset of patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antigens, CD34 , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Autoimmune Diseases , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Cyclophosphamide , Therapeutic Uses , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Male , Pilot Projects , Recurrence , Sjogren's Syndrome , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Autologous
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-683042

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility,efficacy and safety of high dose chemotherapy (HDC)and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation(PBSCT)with CD34~+ cell selection in patients with severe primary Sjgren's syndrome(pSS).Methods Three patients with persistent and severe pSS de- spite of glucocorticoid and immunosuppressive treatment were enrolled from 1999.All patients underwent high dose chemotherapy and peripheral blood stem cell infusion with CD34~+ cell selection.Autologous hematopoietic stem cells were mobilized with 2~3 g/m~2 CTX(total dosage,infused in two days)and 5?g/kg granulocyte colony stimulating factor(G-CSF),enriched with CD34~+ cell selection by CliniMACS,and reinfused after con- ditioning with 200 mg/kg CTX and 90 mg/kg swine antithymocyte globulin or 200 mg/kg CTX and total body irradiation of 4 Gy.Results One patient got complete remission after 2 times of mobilization,so no condi- tioning and transplantation were given.Other 2 patients completed the mobilization and leukapheresis proce dures successfully,and proceeded to receive conditioning and transplantation.All patients had rapid hematopoi- etic reconstitution.Three patients were followed up for 48 months,60 months and 18 months,respectively.All patients were free from abnormal activity of B lymphocytes.The titer of antibody decreased and anti-SSB anti- bodies of 2 patients turned to negative.Aggregation of focal lymphocytes in labial gland disappeared in 1 pa- tient after PBSCT.Improvement of pulmonary dysfunction and reversibility of interstitial pulmonary fibrosis fol- lowing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were observed in 2 patients.Conclusion The abnormal activity of B lymphocytes in pSS patients can be controlled successfully with PBSCT.High close chemotherapy followed by peripheral blood stem cell transplantation with CD34~+ cell selection is feasible and safe.

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