Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 236
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941016

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of isobavachalcone (IBC) on cell death of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#MCF-7 cells were treated with different concentrations of IBC, and the changes in cell proliferation were assessed using MTT assay. Apoptosis of MCF-7 cells following treatment with 10, 20, and 40 μmol/L IBC was analyzed using flow cytometry with annexin V-FITC/PI double staining and fluorescence microscopy, and the expressions of apoptosis- and autophagy-related proteins (Bax, Bcl-2, Akt, p-Akt, p62, and LC3) were detected with Western blotting. Electron microscopy was used to observe the changes in submicrostructure of the cells following treatment with 40 μmol/L IBC. JC-1 assay kit, ATP assay kit, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) kit were used to determine the effect of IBC on mitochondrial function of the cells.@*RESULTS@#MTT assay showed that IBC significantly inhibited the proliferation of MCF-7 cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner, with IC50 values of 38.46, 31.31, and 28.26 μmol/L at 24, 48, and 72 h, respectively. IBC also concentration-dependently induced apoptosis of MCF-7 cells. IBC-induced cell death was inhibited by z-VAD-fmk, a caspase inhibitor (P < 0.05), but not by the necroptosis inhibitor necrostatin-1 (Nec-1). Western blotting showed that IBC-induced MCF-7 cell apoptosis by increasing Bax expression and down-regulating the expressions of Bcl-2, Akt and p-Akt-473 (all P < 0.05). With the increase of IBC concentration, the expression of autophagy-related protein p62 and the LC3-II/I ratio increased progressively. Electron microscopy revealed the presence of autophagic bodies in IBC-treated MCF-7 cells. IBC treatment also resulted in decreased mitochondrial membrane potential and intracellular ATP level and increased ROS accumulation in MCF-7 cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#IBC is capable of inducing both apoptosis and autophagy in MCF-7 cells, suggesting the potential value of IBC as a lead compound in the development of anti-breast cancer agents.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphate , Cell Death , Chalcones , Humans , MCF-7 Cells , Neoplasms , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927329

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect on motor function, spasticity degree, muscle strength and the relevant parameters of three-dimensional gait analysis in the patients with post-stroke spasticity in the lower limbs treated with the combined therapy of electroacupuncture (EA) and muscle electricity biofeedback or the simple muscle electricity biofeedback therapy on the base of rehabilitation medicine.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with post-stroke spasticity in the lower limbs were randomized into an EA + biofeedback group, a biofeedback group and a rehabilitation group, 20 cases in each one. In the rehabilitation group, the basic rehabilitation training was provided, 45 min each time. In the biofeedback group, on the base of the treatment as the rehabilitation group, the biofeedback therapy was added, 30 min each time. In the EA + biofeedback group, besides the treatment as the biofeedback group, acupuncture was supplemented at Futu (ST 32), Liangqiu (ST 34), Zusanli (ST 36) and Fenglong (ST 40), etc, and EA was applid at Zusanli (ST 36) and Taichong (LR 3) with continuous wave and 5 Hz in frequency. In each group, the treatment was given once daily, 5 times a week, for 6 weeks totally. Separately, before and after treatment, the score of Fugle-Meyer assessment (FMA), the score of clinical spasticity index (CSI) in the lower limbs and the strength of the anterior tibial muscle on the affected side were assessed, and the spatial-temporal parameters (step frequency and steep speed) in the three-dimensional gait analysis and the kinematic parameters (maximum dorsal flexion and maximum plantar flexion of ankle joint on the affected side) were measured in the patients of three groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, FMA score was increased as compared with that before treatment in all of three groups (P<0.05). FMA score in the EA + biofeedback group and the biofeedback group was higher than the rehabilitation group respectively (P<0.05). CSI score in the EA + biofeedback group and the biofeedback group was lower than that before treatment respectively (P<0.05), and lower than the rehabilitation group (P<0.05). After treatment, the step frequency and speed were all improved and the angles of maximum dorsal flexion and maximum plantar flexion of ankle joint on the affected side were all increased as compared with those before treatment in the patients of three groups separately (P<0.05). The step frequency and speed, as well as the angles of maximum dorsal flexion and maximum plantar flexion of ankle joint on the affected side in either the EA + biofeedback group or the biofeedback group were all higher than the rehabilitation group (P<0.05), and the step speed in the EA + biofeedback group was higher than the biofeedback group (P<0.05). After treatment, the strength of the anterior tibial muscle on the affected side was increased as compared with that before treatment in the patients of each group (P<0.05); and the strength of the anterior tibial muscle in the EA + biofeedback group and the biofeedback group was larger than the rehabilitation group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the base of rehabilitation treatment, the combined regimen of EA and muscle electricity biofeedback therapy and the simple muscle electricity biofeedback therapy all effectively strengthen the motor functions and reduce spasticity as well as improve step frequency, step speed and the range of motion of ankle joint in the patients with post-stroke spasticity in the lower limbs. Regarding the gait improvement, the combined regimen of EA and muscle electricity biofeedback is better than the simple muscle electricity biofeedback.


Subject(s)
Electroacupuncture , Gait , Humans , Lower Extremity , Muscle Spasticity/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934413

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the collaborative development of drug clinical trial institutions and Contract Research Organizations from the perspective of " government-application-industry-academia-research" , and facilitate faster and better conducting of clinical trials.Methods:Based the combination of literature review and the working practice in drug clinical trial management, problems existed during the implementation of clinical trials were summarized, and then the collaborative development of drug clinical trial institutions and Contract Research Organizations were discussed from the perspective of " government-application-industry-academia-research" partnership.Results:Problems identified during the implementation of clinical trials including uneven capacity of CROs, lack of effective supervision department and insufficient cooperation with clinical trial institutions, which resulted difficulties in sharing clinical trial resources and also negatively impacted the quality of clinical trials. Some proposals were offered in this article, including making good use of the " visible hand" of the government to strengthen the supervision of CROs, accelerating the construction of innovation alliance between clinical trial institutions and CROs, establishing the incentive mechanism of collaborative development and the talent team construction, strengthening the personnel professional training.Conclusions:The application of " government-application-industry-academia-research" model in clinical trials would promote the collaboration between drug clinical trial institutions and Contract Research Organizations, which play important roles in the development of clinical trials.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908099

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a pressure injury risk prediction model for critical patients and verify its prediction effect.Methods:A cohort study was conducted to collect relevant data of critical patients hospitalized in the Intensive Care Unit from February 2019 to September 2019. The occurrence of pressure injuries was used as a dependent variable to conduct a single factor and multiple factor analyses of relevant data and establish predictive models. The risk stratification and predictive effect tests were also performed.Results:There were 329 critical patients and 48 cases of pressure injuries. The single factor analysis of 11 factors showed that blood lactate, body temperature, ICU hospitalization days, Braden score, consciousness state, age and booster drug treatment were the suspicious factors of stress injury, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z value was 2.575-3.694, χ 2 values were 6.800, 30.510, 6.344, P<0.05 or 0.01); The results of the binary Logistic regression analysis showed that the independent influencing factors for the occurrence of pressure injuries included the patient′s body temperature within 24 hours after entering the ICU, the Braden score, state of consciousness, age and ICU hospitalization duration ( P<0.05 or 0.01). A prediction model was established. The likelihood ratio chi-square proved that the model was statistically significant and fitted well. The sensitivity was 66.7% and the specificity was 72.2%. The risk stratification of the model was performed. The difference between the high-risk group and the low-risk group was statistically significant ( t value was -33.371, P<0.01); the validation set was used to test the prediction effect, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.758. Conclusions:The constructed prediction model is a scientific combination of objective indicators of the clinical characteristics of critical patients, which is statistically significant; the model can predict critical patients’ risks of pressure injuries; it also has a good degree of discrimination, which can provide a theoretical basis for the risk management of critical patients with great clinical application value.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906183

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the antioxidant activity and chemical composition of 75% ethanol extract of <italic>Rosa cymosa</italic> roots and its different polar parts. Method:The 75% ethanol extract of <italic>R. cymosa</italic> roots was divided into dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, <italic>n</italic>-butanol and water parts by organic solvent extraction. <italic>In vitro</italic> antioxidant activity of each fraction was determined by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) free radical scavenging assays, as well as ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) test. The contents of total triterpenes, total phenols, total tannins and condensed tannins in each fraction were determined by spectrophotometry. SPSS 24.0 software was used to conduct Pearson correlation analysis between the antioxidant activity of each fraction and the content of the main components, and then the main active fraction and the main active components were determined. The chemical constituents of the active fraction was analyzed by ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS), and the structures of the main chromatographic peaks were predicted. Result:Each fraction of <italic>R. cymosa</italic> roots had certain antioxidant activity, and there was a significant dose-effect relationship within a certain concentration range, but the antioxidant activity of different polar parts was different. In DPPH and ABTS free radical scavenging tests, the antioxidant activity of each fraction and vitamin C (VC, the positive drug) was ranked as ethyl acetate fraction>VC><italic>n</italic>-butanol fraction>ethanol extract>water fraction>dichloromethane fraction. In FRAP test, the activity of ethyl acetate fraction was weaker than that of VC, and the other order was unchanged. The contents of total triterpenes, total phenols, total tannins and condensed tannins in ethyl acetate fraction were 3.81%, 50.33%, 3.32%, and 39.79%, in <italic>n</italic>-butanol fraction were 0.88%, 41.42%, 2.25% and 23.55%, in ethanol extract were 2.90%, 41.95%, 3.43% and 20.14%, in water fraction were 0, 26.80%, 16.90% and 7.57%, and in dichloromethane fraction were 21.23%, 12.90%, 1.59%, and 6.17%, respectively. Correlation analysis results showed that the contents of total phenols and condensed tannins were positively correlated with the antioxidant activity, the contents of total triterpenes were negatively correlated with the antioxidant activity, and the correlation between total tannins and antioxidant activity was not obvious. A total of 26 compounds were identified from the ethyl acetate fraction by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS, including 11 condensed tannins, 4 hydrolysable tannins, 6 triterpenes, 3 flavonoids, 1 benzoic acid derivative and 1 chlorogenic acid analogue. Conclusion:Ethyl acetate fraction is the main antioxidant active site of <italic>R. cymosa</italic> roots, and phenols mainly composed of condensed tannins are the main active components. The results can provide experimental basis for the development of natural antioxidants.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888112

ABSTRACT

Twenty-six compounds, including sixteen meroterpenoids(1-16), a triterpenoid(17), four terpenoid derivatives(18-21), and five aromatic compounds(22-26), were isolated from the leaves of Psidium guajava. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic analyses including NMR and MS. Compounds 21-26 were obtained from plants of Psidium for the first time. Based on the structure,(R)-2-ethylhexyl 2H-1,2,3-triazole-4-carboxylate(24 a), an α-glucosidase inhibitor recently isolated from Paramignya trimera, should be revised as compound 24. Meroterpenoids 1-16 were evaluated for their antitumor and antifungal activities. Meroterpenoids psiguajadial D(4), guapsidial A(5), 4,5-diepipsidial A(7), guadial A(14), and guadial B(15) showed cytotoxicities against five human tumor cell lines(HL-60, A-549, SMMC-7721, MCF-7, and SW-480), among which 5 was the most effective with an IC_(50) of 3.21-9.94 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Plant Extracts , Plant Leaves , Psidium , Terpenes
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888055

ABSTRACT

In recent years, only a small number of new Chinese medicines have been approved for marketing, which has embodied the bottleneck in the development of the Chinese medicine industry. To tackle this problem, the National Medical Products Administration has issued a series of regulations and technical requirements. In the context of new regulations, this study deeply explored the research and development strategies of new Chinese medicines under the guidance of the new classification of drug registration, and discussed the key technical issues in the research and development.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Research
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887724

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Although benzene is a confirmed environmental carcinogen, the mechanism of its carcinogenicity remains largely unclear. The suggested oncogene, miR-221, is elevated and plays important roles in various tumors, but its role in benzene-induced carcinogenesis remains unknown.@*Methods@#In the present study, we constructed hydroquinone (HQ, a representative metabolite of benzene with biological activity)-transformed malignant cell line (16HBE-t) and analyzed the level of miR-221 in it with qRT-PCR. Exosomes from 16HBE-t cells incubated with or without an miR-221 inhibitor were isolated by ultracentrifugation, characterized by transmission electron microscopy and laser scanning confocal microscope, and then transfected into 16HBE cells. The effects of exosomal miR-221 on apoptosis induced by HQ in recipient cells were determined using flow cytometry.@*Results@#The amount of miR-221 in 16HBE-t was significantly increased compared with controls. When recipient cells ingested exosomes derived from 16HBE-t, miR-221 was increased, and apoptosis induced by HQ was inhibited. Blocking miR-221 in 16HBE-t using an inhibitor did not significantly alter miR-221 or apoptosis in recipient cells.@*Conclusion@#Exosomal miR-221 secreted by 16HBE-t inhibits apoptosis induced by HQ in normal recipient cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bronchi/cytology , Cell Line, Transformed , Epithelial Cells , Exosomes , Humans , Hydroquinones , MicroRNAs
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885109

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of exenatide on podocyte in diabetic nephropathy mice.Methods:Diabetic nephropathy mice models were induced by using streptozocin-treated C57BL/6J mice on high fat diets, which were randomized by random number table to diabetic nephropathy control group (DN group, n=8) and exenatide treatment diabetic nephropathy group (DN+ Ex group, n=8). The C57BL/6J mice on normal chow diet were used as normal control group (NC group, n=8). After the intervention, blood glucose, renal function, and urine albumin/creatinine ratio were measured. Pathological glomerular changes were observed by pexiodic acid-Schiff stain (PAS) staining. The mRNA expression of profibrotic molecules Collagen Ⅳ, transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), and Fibronectin in glomerular lysates were measured by realtime quantitative PCR (RT-PCR). Podocyte injury and apoptosis were evaluated by immunofluorescent staining and transmission electron microscopy. The expression of Nephrin, Cleaved caspase-3, protein kinase B (Akt), and phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) in glomerular lysates were examined by western blotting. Results:Compared with the DN group, urine albumin/creatinine ratio was significantly decreased in the DN+ Ex group ( P<0.01). PAS staining and analysis found that exenatide administration ameliorated mesangial matrix expansion and glomerular hypertrophyin in DN group ( P<0.05). RT-PCR analyses showed that the glomerular expression for Fibronectin, TGF-β, and Collagen Ⅳ were significantly decreased in the DN+ Ex group compared with the DN group ( P<0.01). Immunofluorescent staining and transmission electron microscopy revealed that exenatide treatment improved podocyte injury and apoptosis in DN group. Western blotting analyses showed that exenatide increased the Nephrin expression, decreased the Cleaved caspase-3 expression, increased the p-Akt expression in glomerular lysatesin diabetic nephropathy mice ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Exenatide attenuates podocyte injury and apoptosis and proteinuria, and prevents the progression of diabetic nephropathy mice. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway in glomerular lysates may be related to the protective effects of exenatide.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921794

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the newly isolated tannins were sorted after a review of the literature concerning tannins in recent 10 years, and their research progress was summarized in terms of extraction, isolation, pharmacological activity and metabolism. Hydrolysable tannins and condensed tannins are the main structural types. Modern research shows that tannins have many pharmacological effects, such as bacteriostasis, antioxidation, antitumor, antivirus and blood glucose reduction, and have broad development prospects. They are usually extracted by water, ethanol and acetone and isolated and purified by macroporous resin and gel column chromatography. The packings commonly adopted for the column chromatography mainly included Sephadex LH-20, Diaion HP-20, MCI-gel CHP-20 and Toyopearl HW-40. Modern analytical techniques such as nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy(NMR), fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry(FAB-MS) and circular dichroism(CD) are generally used for the structural identification of tannins. Howe-ver, their isolation, purification and structural identification are still challenging. It is necessary to use a variety of high-throughput screening methods to explore their pharmacological activities and to explore the material basis responsible for their functions through experiments in vivo.


Subject(s)
China , Hydrolyzable Tannins , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Proanthocyanidins , Tannins
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921533

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of antiretroviral therapy(ART)for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission(PMTCT)of acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS)on the growth and development of 18-month-old children born by human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)-positive pregnant women in Lingshan County,Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region,and provide scientific evidence for improving the ART medication plan for PMTCT.Methods Lingshan County,ranking the first in the HIV-epidemic counties of Guangxi,was selected as the research site.According to the design of retrospective case-control study,we assigned all the subjects into the case group and the control group:(1)The case group included the HIV-positive pregnant women who had received ART for PMTCT and their HIV-negative infants in Lingshan County from 2010 to 2017.The historical cards and PMTCT data of them were collected from the national PMTCT database.(2)The control group included the healthy pregnant women and their healthy babies born in the Lingshan Maternity and Infant Hospital in 2017,and the children's growth and development data were collected.The stunted growth in children was defined as at least one of the three main indicators of body height,body weight,and head circumference below the normal range.Results The number of HIV-positive mothers and their infants in the case group was 391 and 368,respectively,and 87.21%(341/391)and 95.38%(351/368)of mothers and infants respectively received ART medication.The HIV positive rate,mortality rate,and mother-to-child transmission rate of 18-month-old children were 1.36%(5/368),4.35%(16/368),and 2.01%(5/249),respectively.The incidence of stunted growth of 18-month-old children in the case group and the control group was 42.12%(155/368)and 23.06%(101/438),respectively,with significant difference(


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , China/epidemiology , Female , Growth and Development , HIV , HIV Infections/prevention & control , Humans , Infant , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical/prevention & control , Mothers , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879096

ABSTRACT

Prunella vulgaris(PV) is an edible and traditional medicinal herb which has a wide range application in fighting inflammation and oxidative stress, and protecting liver. Now it has been used to treat various types of liver diseases and has significant clinical efficacy. This study aims to investigate the effects of PV on ethanol-induced oxidative stress injury in rats and its metabolic mechanism. The rats were divided into control group, model group, PV group, and VC group. The liver protection of PV was identified by measuring pharmacological indexes such as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. The metabolic mechanism of long-term ethanol exposure and the metabolic regulation mechanism of PV treatment were studied by LS-MS metabonomics. The pharmacological investigation indicated that ethanol could significantly decrease the contents of SOD, GSH-Px, CAT and other antioxidant enzymes in liver and increase the content of MDA. At the same time, PV could significantly reduce the contents of inflammatory factors(TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β) and liver function markers(ALT, AST, ALP) in serum. What's more, long-term ethanol exposure could significantly cause liver injury, while PV could protect liver. Metabolomics based on multiple statistical analyses showed that long-term ethanol exposure could cause significant metabolic disorder, and fatty acids, phospholipids, carnitines and sterols were the main biomarkers. Meanwhile, pathway analysis and enrichment analysis showed that the β oxidation of branched fatty acids was the main influencing pathway. Also, PV could improve metabolic disorder of liver injury induced by ethanol, and amino acids, fatty acids, and phospholi-pids were the main biomarkers in PV treatment. Metabolic pathway analysis showed that PV mainly regulated metabolic disorder of ethanol-induced liver injury through phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthetic pathways. This study could provide a new perspective on the hepatoprotective effect of natural medicines, such as PV.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/metabolism , Ethanol/toxicity , Liver/metabolism , Metabolomics , Oxidative Stress , Prunella , Rats
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the status quo of occupational engagement of junior nurses and related influencing factors, and to provide reference for managers to develop a positive incentive mechanism.Methods:From November 2020 to December 2020, 255 junior nursing staff with less than or equal to 3 years seniority at 3 tertiary general hospitals in Tianjin were selected. Questionnaire surveys were made on their occupational engagement, occupational values, job satisfaction for nursing, and general self-efficacy. Descriptive analysis and t test were used to probe into their current occupational engagement, and build a relational model on the occupational satisfaction, and the relational model of between their occupational values and self-efficiency in general of these nursing staff. Results:The total scoring of the occupational engagement scale for 255 junior nursing staff was 78.47±19.93, which was higher than the domestic norm level, and the difference was statistically significant( t=11.48, P<0.001). The results of the structural equation model showed that the overall effect on the occupational engagement of junior nurses from high to low were as follows: self-efficacy( β=0.599), professional values( β=0.323)and job satisfaction( β=0.275). Conclusions:These nursing staff feature high occupational engagement. Hospital administrators are recommended to strength training, provide timely support and incentives for their sustained improvement of self-efficiency, meet their individual career development needs for higher job satisfaction, and focus on shaping their occupational values as well.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912561

ABSTRACT

Objective:To strengthen the quality management of drug clinical trials to ensure that the clinical trial data obtained is true, accurate, complete and standardized.Methods:By review literatures and the data published in NMPA and survey the problems in the drug clinical trials in some hospitals, etc, we summarized the common problems of drug clinical trials in China.At the same time, using PDCA cycle theory, we sorted out the problems in the drug clinical trials in Taizhou People's Hospital, conducted root-cause analysis of the problems, put forward suggestions and measures on how to strengthen the quality management of drug clinical trials.Results:The incidence of quality problems in clinical trials was significantly reduced from 105.6% to 37.4% by formulating relevant incentive policies, strengthening training, strengthening the supervision function of institutions to researchers, and improving the awareness of GCP of researchers.Conclusions:The implementation of PDCA cycle quality management model can effectively improve the quality of drug clinical trials.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922386

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the molecular epidemiological characteristics of norovirus in children with acute gastroenteritis from 2017 to 2019.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of children with acute gastroenteritis who were admitted to Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from January 2017 to December 2019. A total of 1 458 stool samples were collected from the children, and viral RNA was extracted. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was used for gene amplification, sequencing, and genotype identification of the VP1 region of capsid protein in norovirus.@*RESULTS@#Among the 1 458 stool samples, 158 (10.8%) were positive for norovirus. There was no significant difference in the positive detection rate of norovirus between different years (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Norovirus GII.4 Sydney 2012 was the major epidemic strain in the children with norovirus gastroenteritis from 2017 to 2019. Although norovirus infection can exist throughout the year, August to October is the peak period. During this period, norovirus surveillance and key population protection are strengthened to help prevent and control norovirus diarrhea.


Subject(s)
Child , Feces , Female , Gastroenteritis/epidemiology , Humans , Male , Norovirus/genetics , Phylogeny , Retrospective Studies
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 800-805, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877958

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It is currently unknown whether patients with a fever after controlled ovulation during egg retrieval could increase the risk of pelvic infection or not, and fever itself may affect endometrial receptivity or embryo quality with poor pregnancy outcomes. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes of patients with fever during oocyte retrieval after the first frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) cycle.@*METHODS@#This was a 1:3 retrospective paired study matched for age. In this study, 58 infertility patients (Group 1) had a fever during the control ovulation, and the time of the oocyte retrieval was within 72 hours, they underwent ovum pick up and whole embryo freezing ("freeze-all" strategy). The control subjects (Group 2) are 174 patients matched for age who underwent whole embryo freezing for other reasons. The baseline characteristics, clinical data of ovarian stimulation, and outcomes, such as the clinical pregnancy rate, ongoing clinical pregnancy rate were compared between the two groups in the subsequent FET cycle.@*RESULTS@#All patients had no pelvic inflammatory disease after oocyte retrieval. Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels (4.2 vs. 2.2, P <0.001) were higher in group 2, and the number of oocytes retrieved, and fertilization rate were lower in group 1 (P < 0.001), but the endometrial thickness, the number of embryo transfers, and the type of luteal support supplementation were similar between the two groups. Regarding pregnancy outcomes in the subsequent FET cycle, the implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, early spontaneous rate, ectopic pregnancy rate, and ongoing pregnancy rate were all not significantly different. Further regression analyses showed that the clinical pregnancy rate and ongoing pregnancy rate were also not significantly different.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Transvaginal ultrasound-guided follicular puncture for oocyte retrieval is a safe and minimally invasive method for patients with fever. Moreover, the fever had almost no effect on embryo quality.


Subject(s)
Cryopreservation , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Freezing , Humans , Infertility , Oocyte Retrieval , Oocytes , Ovulation Induction , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnancy Rate , Retrospective Studies
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872662

ABSTRACT

Objective:To quickly analyze and identify the differential chemical compositions of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus before and after stir-frying with bran and chemical compositions of wheat bran after processing by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE) combined with UNIFI database screening method. Method:ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 µm) was used for chromatographic separation with 0.1% formic acid solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) as the mobile phase for gradient elution (0-11 min, 98%-70%B; 11-15 min, 70%-55%B; 15-16 min, 55%-35%B; 16-20 min, 35%-5%B; 20-20.5 min, 5%-98%B; 20.5-22 min, 98%B) at the flow rate of 0.3 mL·min-1 and the injection volume of 2 µL. The analytes were determined in positive ion mode with electrospray ionization (ESI) and data collection range of m/z 50-1 500. Principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to find the component differences between raw and processed products of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus, and the chemical compositions of wheat bran after processing were determined. Result:There were 64 compounds in raw products, 58 compounds in bran-fried products, and 18 compounds in wheat bran.There were 19 different components between raw and processed products of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus, mainly volatile oil, flavonoids, phenolic acid, coumarins and saponins. Conclusion:Based on the analysis of these different components before and after stir-frying with bran and the chemical compositions carried by wheat bran, the stir-frying with bran can alleviate the intensity of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus, which proves the necessity of stir-frying with bran for the processing technology of this herb, and provides a comprehensive experimental basis for research on processing mechanism of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872241

ABSTRACT

Clinical residual biological specimens are invaluable for medical research and can be reused for medical research. This paper expounded the possibility, necessity and applied range of the medical research reuse of clinical residual biological specimens and put forward some suggestions on how to standardly supervise clinical residual biological specimens for medical research reuse. The authors raised four aspects of concern: how to strengthen the management of ethical review; how to establish strict privacy protection and information confidentiality system; how to keep samples reasonably to ensure clinical examination; and how to ensure the compliance treatment of residual biological specimens after reuse, so as to promote clinical residual biological specimens more normatively and effectively used in medical research.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846145

ABSTRACT

Objective: The effect of ethanol to material ratio on ethanol precipitation and sediment morphology of Shuanghuanglian preparation (SHLP) were researched, and the feasibility of comprehensive evaluation of ethanol precipitation sediment fractal dimension was discussed. Methods: For the SHLP ethanol precipitation process, HPLC and gravimetric analysis were used to investigate the effects of ethanol to material ratio on the overall retention of the index components and the liquid content of the filter cake. The direct observation, atomic force microscope observation and "area-perimeter" calculation method were used to investigate the influence of ethanol to material ratio on the apparent morphology, micro-morphology and fractal dimension of the precipitate. At the same time, Pearson correlation analysis method was used to investigate the correlation between the fractal dimension and the above evaluation index of ethanol precipitation effect. Results: With the increase of the ethanol to material ratio, the comprehensive retention of the index components and the fractal dimension of the ethanol precipitation precipitates was gradually increased, while the liquid content of the filter cake was gradually decreased. Therefore, the fractal dimension of sediment was positively correlated with the comprehensive retention rate of index components, but negatively correlated with the liquid content of the filter cake. Conclusion: The fractal dimension of ethanol precipitation sediment can be used as comprehensive evaluation index for reflecting the ethanol precipitation effect in the SHLP ethanol precipitation process, which can provide a reference for the visualized fine control research of the subsequent SHLP ethanol precipitation process.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2435-2441, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829379

ABSTRACT

We utilized a multi-step derivatization gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method for the determination of common amino acid enantiomers, combined with deuterated hydrochloric acid hydrolysis, to identify nine trace D-amino acids in thymalfasin. We optimized the conditions for multi-step derivatization, the volume of reagent for redissolving samples, and the conditions for chromatography and mass spectrometry with isopropanol and trifluoroacetic anhydride as derivatization reagents, and validated the procedure, including sensitivity, linear range, precision, accuracy and recovery. Sixteen pairs of D/L-amino acids and glycine derivatives were separated within 29 min, with the limit of quantification as low as 0.09-2.79 μmol·L-1. Nine amino acid derivatives of thymalfasin showed a good linear relationship within the concentration range examined (r2>0.992 3). The precision results showed that RSD values were less than 10.90%. Accuracy test results of a reference substance ranged from 76.69% to 128.18%. Average recoveries of spiked samples ranged from 70.41% to 125.39%. For the nine D-amino acids assayed, D-Asp and D-Glu content in six batches of thymalfasin were highest, ranging 0.41%-0.49% and 0.25%-0.33%, respectively, with others less than 0.25%. The method is sensitive, efficient and reliable, available for seventeen common amino acids and their enantiomers, and works well with simultaneous determination of nine trace D-amino acids in thymalfasin, providing a reference for the comprehensive control of racemic peptide impurities in this synthetic polypeptide drug.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL