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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887989

ABSTRACT

To study the mechanism of polysaccharides from seeds of Vaccaria segetalis( PSV) in the treatment of bacterial cystitis through the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway. The rat model of urinary tract infection was used and treated with PSV,and the urine and bladders were collected. The level of interleukin-10( IL-10) in rat urine was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay( ELISA). Western blot and immunofluorescence staining were used to detect the expressions of sonic hedgehog( SHH) and NLRP3 inflammasome [NOD-like receptor thermoprotein domain 3( NLRP3),apoptosis associated speck like protein( ASC) and pro-caspase-1]. The expression of Toll-like receptor pathway was detected by RT-PCR. The death of 5637 cells induced by uropathogenic Escherichia coli( UPEC) and lactate dehydrogenase( LDH) release were evaluated using live/dead staining. The results showed that in the rat bladder,the expressions of SHH,NLRP3 inflammasomes and Toll-like receptors were significantly up-regulated,and NLRP3 inflammasomes were significantly activated by UPEC infection. The administration with PSV could significantly increase the concentration of IL-10 in urine,inhibit the expressions of SHH,NLRP3 inflammasomes and Toll-like receptors in bladder,and inhibit the activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes. A large number of 5637 cells were dead after UPEC infection and caused LDH production. PSV could significantly inhibit the death of 5637 cells and the release of LDH. In conclusion,PSV could inhibit the expression and activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes by inhibiting the Toll-like receptor pathway,thereby mitigating the bladder injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hedgehog Proteins , Inflammasomes/genetics , Interleukin-1beta , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/genetics , Polysaccharides/pharmacology , Rats , Seeds , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Tract Infections/drug therapy , Vaccaria
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733934

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of marginal adaptation with different materials on restoring dental wedge-shaped defects. Methods From January 2016 to July 2016,80 patients with 172 wedge -shaped defect teeth in Stomatological Hospital of Haishu District were chosen and randomly divided into three groups accord-ing to random number table method,26 patients with 55 defect teeth were treated with Fuji glass ionomer( group A) , 23 patients with 59 defect teeth were treated with Carey charismatic light-cured composite resin( group B) ,and the other 31 patients with 58 defect teeth were treated with beautifil flow plus reinforced polymer F03(group C). Marginal adaptation of three groups of different materials of the teeth were measured. Results The micro -leakage depth among the three groups had statistically significant difference(H=7. 036,P=0. 035). The micro-leakage depth of group A,B and C were (1. 10 ± 0. 05) mm,(0. 96 ± 0. 05) mm,(0. 78 ± 0. 06) mm,respectively. There was statisti-cally significant difference among the three groups(F=22. 371,P=0. 005). Conclusion The marginal adaptation of beautifil flow plus reinforced polymer F03 is superior to FujiⅡglass-ionome and Charisma composite resin,and has benefits for treatment of wedge-shaped defects.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743351

ABSTRACT

Purpose To explore the expression,significance and relationship of apoptosis related gene Apollon and Caspase 9 in gastric carcinoma. Methods The SP immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expression of Apollon and Caspase 9 in 105 cases of gastric carcinoma,38 adjacent tissues and 29 normal tissues,and the expression of Apollon and Caspase 9 was analyzed with relation to clinicopathologic factors. Results The numbers of positive expression of Apollon gene in gastric carcinoma tissues,adjacent tissues and normal tissues were 82(78. 10%) ,8(21. 05%) and 2(6. 90%) respectively, there was significant difference between gastric carcinoma tissues, adjacent tissues and normal tissues (P < 0. 01) . The expression of Apollon in gastric carcinoma was positively correlated with degree of tumor differentiation,TNM staging and lymph node metastasis (P < 0. 05) ,but not with other clinicopathologic factors (P > 0. 05) . The numbers of positive expression of Caspase 9 gene in gastric carcinoma tissues,adjacent tissues and normal tissues were 21 (20. 00%) ,23 (60. 53%) and 21 (72. 41%) ,respectively,and there was significant difference between gastric carcinoma tissues,adjacent tissues and normal tissues (P < 0. 01) . The expression of Caspase 9 in gastric carcinoma was positively correlated with degree of tumor differentiation, TNM staging and lymph node metastasis (P < 0. 01) ,but not with other clinicopathologic factors (P > 0. 05) . The expression of Apollon was negatively correlated to Caspase 9 in gastric carcinoma with statistical significance (r = - 0. 541 1,P < 0. 01) . Conclusions The interaction of Apollon and Caspase 9 may be involved in the gastric carcinogenesis and progression. Apollon is closely related with invasion and metastasis of gastric carcinoma,and it may be a potential treatment target.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2206-2212, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802929

ABSTRACT

Background@#Whether the time course of post-stroke depression (PSD) can be used to predict the quality of life (QoL) of patients with late-stage stroke remains unclear, this study investigated whether persistent depression at 1 year after stroke predicts QoL at 5 years following stroke.@*Methods@#We analyzed the demographic and clinical data of patients with stroke in 56 hospitals across China that participated in the Prospective Cohort Study on the Incidence and Outcome of Patients with PSD in China Study. Follow-up assessments were performed at the following time points after stroke: in person, 2 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year; by telephone, 5 years. National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score on admission, recurrence, disability, depression, QoL, and chronic complications were recorded. Depression was diagnosed using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. QoL was measured using short form-12 (SF-12). Multivariable ordinal logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors that independently affected the physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) scores of the SF-12.@*Results@#Of the 801 patients evaluated in this study, 80 had persistent depression. The multivariable regression analysis of data obtained at 5 years showed that persistent depression at 1 year (odds ratio [OR]: 0.48; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.29–0.81) and disability at 5 years (OR: 0.34; 95% CI: 0.23–0.49) were associated with poor MCS scores at 5 years. Old age, a high NIHSS score on admission, disability at 5 years, and stroke recurrence within 5 years were associated with poor PCS scores at the 5-year follow-up.@*Conclusions@#Persistent depression at the 1-year follow-up could predict poor MCS scores at the 5-year follow-up. The development of interventional strategies targeting post-stroke patients with persistent depression is warranted.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802231

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of Chuankezhi injection on mouse model of pneumonia induced by influenza A (H1N1) FM1 strain. Method: ICR mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group, tamiflu control group (27.5 mg·kg-1·d-1) and Chuankezhi injection group (1.5 mL·kg-1·d-1). In the death protection experiment, mice were infected with 2×half lethal dose (LD50) of influenza virus FM1.The Chuankezhi injection was given once a day for 4 days. The number of death animal within 14 days was counted. The mortality and the death protection rate were calculated. In the treatment experiment, mice were infected with 0.8×LD50 of influenza virus, and the Chuankezhi injection was given once a day for 4 days. On the 5th day after the infection, the levels of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in lung, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and vasopressin (AVP) in brain were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The viral load of influenza virus in lung was tested by Real-time PCR. In the pre-treatment experiment, mice were given Chuankezhi injection once a day for 5 days. 1 hour after the last treatment, mice were infected with 0.8×LD50 influenza virus. 4 days after the infection, the lung index, spleen index, thymus index, and viral load in lung tissue were calculated. Result: Compared with normal group, the IL-8, PGE2 content, lung index and viral load in the lung tissue of model group were significantly increased (P2, and the viral load of influenza(PPPPConclusion: Chuankezhi injection could effectively prevent the mouse model of pneumonia induced by influenza A (H1N1) virus. The mechanism might be related to the reduction of inflammation and inhibiting viral replication.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802163

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effective dose range of Kaihoujian throat spray (for children) in treating acute pharyngitis and acute tonsillitis, in order to provide the reference for the usage and dosage in clinic. Method:A total of 160 juvenile SD rats were divided into 16 groups according to the body mass grade, namely normal group, model group, amoxicillin or ribavirin group, compound Yizhi Huanghua group and different doses of Kaihoujian (for children) groups. The different doses of Kaihoujian (for children) groups were divided into 12 treatment groups based on 2 sprays/time, 4 times/day, 4 sprays/time, 4 times/day, 6 sprays/time, 4 times/day, 8 sprays/time, 4 times/day, 2 sprays/time, 6 times/day, 4 sprays/time, 6 times/day, 6 sprays/time, 6 times/day, 8 sprays/time, 6 times/day, 2 sprays/time, 8 times/day, 4 sprays/time, 8 times/day, 6 sprays/time, 8 times/day, and 8 sprays/time, 8 times/day. Except for normal group, all of the remaining groups were included in three animal models, namely 5%ammonia-induced acute pharyngitis in rat, B type streptococcus haemolyticus-induced acute pharyngitis and tonsillitis in rabbit, and adenovirus-induced acute pharyngitis in mice. Then the optimal usage and dosage of Kaihoujian throat spray (for children) were evaluated based on pharyngeal lesion score and htoxylin eosin(HE) staining. Result:There were significant differences in pharyngeal and tonsil lesions between the model group and the normal group (PPPConclusion:The clinical usage and dosage of Kaihoujian throat spray (for children) in treating acute pharyngitis and tonsillitis were suggested to be 2 sprays/times, 6~8 times/day for 1~3 year-old children; 3~6 sprays/times, 6~8 times/day for 4~6 year-old children and 5~8 sprays/times, 6~8 times/day for 7~12 year-old children.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802116

ABSTRACT

Hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) is a common infectious disease caused by enterovirus in children. It has a high incidence and can cause fatal complications such as pulmonary edema, myocarditis and aseptic meningitis, seriously threatening the health of children. At present, some core problems such as the pathogenesis of disease, the relationship between different genotypes of pathogenic viruses, the pharmacodynamic evaluation methods, and the antiviral mechanism of drugs are still unclear. The construction of disease animal models with simulation performance of human exposure is the key to solve the above problems. Researchers both at home and abroad have established a variety of animal models for HFMD, of which enterovirus 71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CA16) are most common and most widely used. Both EV71 and CA16 are enterovirus A in picornavirus family, so they have similarities in terms of pathogenicity, infection and replication characteristics, clinical symptoms caused by infection and immune response, but also have significant differences in age of susceptibility, method of infection, as well as neurotoxicity, clinical symptoms and signs, and degree of tissue and organ damage. Therefore, researchers shall select and establish proper animal models based on actual conditions, which is critical to the reliability of the results. In this paper, the different types of HFMD animal models established by EV71 and CA16 viruses were reviewed, especially on the species strains, virus strain types, infection methods, and characteristics of viral infections in each model, and the characteristics and clinical symptoms of HFMD induced by EV71 and CA16 were also investigated to provide reference for related research.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815998

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of Epstein-Barr virus(EB) virus infection on acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. METHODS: 156 patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were divided into two groups, 41 patients with EB virus infection and the group 115 patients without EB virus infection.which colleceted from the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital From October 2015 to August 2017. Epstein-Barr virus(EB) DNA was detected by PCR, serum EB antibody IgG and IgM were detected by Elisa, and the expression level of PCT, CRP, IL6,IL-17 and IL-10 in serum were detected by Elisa.Sputum culture and sensitivity were used to analyze the bacteriological characteristics. The characteristics of common pathogens of pulmonary infection were also analyzed in patients with Epstein-Barr virus(EBV) infection,and the therapeutic effects and prognosis were analyzed comprehensively. RESULTS: The EBV-infected AECOPD patients had significantly higher levels of PCT, CRP and IL-6 IL-17, IL-10 in serum of patients with lung infection than those of AECOPD patients with non-EB virus infection. The etiological characteristics of EBV-infected AECOPD patients were mostly G-, The EBV-infected AECOPD patients whose the proportion of drug-resistant bacteria increased, anti-infective treatment time prolonged, complications increased, admitted to intensive care unit increased. Blood gas, the infection of Epstein-Barr virus AECOPD patients was significantly higher PaCO2, PaO2 decreased significantly, and the difference was statistically significant. However, the lung function, no significant difference between the two groups. CONCLUSION: EBV infection aggravates inflammatory response in patients with AECOPD, and promotes the progress and deterioration of the disease.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775042

ABSTRACT

While the survival rate of preterm infants has continually increased with the development of perinatal and neonatal monitoring techniques, the incidence of brain injury in preterm infants has been increasing, resulting in varying degrees of cognitive impairment and movement disorders. Measuring the biomarkers of brain damage is an important means to diagnose brain injury. The biomarkers can be divided into neuroglial damage markers, neuronal damage markers and other markers according to the features of injured cells. The biomarkers widely used in clinical practice include S100B protein, myelin basic protein and neuron-specific enolase. Recent studies have newly discovered a collection of markers that can suggest potential brain injury in preterm infants, such as glial fibrillary acidic protein, neurofilament light chain protein, α-II spectrin breakdown products, chemokines, melatonin and urinary metabolomics. These biomarkers can contribute to the early diagnosis and treatment of preterm brain injury, essential for improving neural development and prognosis. This article reviews the latest research advances in the biomarkers of preterm brain injury, in order to provide evidence for the early diagnosis and treatment of this condition.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Brain , Brain Injuries , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Pregnancy , S100 Calcium Binding Protein beta Subunit
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2206-2212, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774657

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Whether the time course of post-stroke depression (PSD) can be used to predict the quality of life (QoL) of patients with late-stage stroke remains unclear, this study investigated whether persistent depression at 1 year after stroke predicts QoL at 5 years following stroke.@*METHODS@#We analyzed the demographic and clinical data of patients with stroke in 56 hospitals across China that participated in the Prospective Cohort Study on the Incidence and Outcome of Patients with PSD in China Study. Follow-up assessments were performed at the following time points after stroke: in person, 2 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year; by telephone, 5 years. National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score on admission, recurrence, disability, depression, QoL, and chronic complications were recorded. Depression was diagnosed using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. QoL was measured using short form-12 (SF-12). Multivariable ordinal logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors that independently affected the physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) scores of the SF-12.@*RESULTS@#Of the 801 patients evaluated in this study, 80 had persistent depression. The multivariable regression analysis of data obtained at 5 years showed that persistent depression at 1 year (odds ratio [OR]: 0.48; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.29-0.81) and disability at 5 years (OR: 0.34; 95% CI: 0.23-0.49) were associated with poor MCS scores at 5 years. Old age, a high NIHSS score on admission, disability at 5 years, and stroke recurrence within 5 years were associated with poor PCS scores at the 5-year follow-up.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Persistent depression at the 1-year follow-up could predict poor MCS scores at the 5-year follow-up. The development of interventional strategies targeting post-stroke patients with persistent depression is warranted.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503956

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the protective effect of propofol on hematopoietic system injury in mice with total body irra?diation(TBI). Method Three different radiation doses were used in the experiments:7.5 Gy TBI in 30 day-survival experiment,6Gy TBI in colony-forming unit spleen(CFU-S)experiment and 2Gy TBI in the other experiment;mice were divided into 4 groups in a 30 day-survival experiment,including 7.5Gy TBI group,7.5 Gy TBI+5 mg/kg propofol group,7.5 Gy TBI+10 mg/kg propofol group and 7.5 Gy TBI + 20 mg/kg propofol group. For the other experiments,mice were divided into 4 groups:control group,propofol group,TBI(2 or 6 Gy)group,and TBI+20 mg/kg propofol group. Propofol of 20 mg/kg were administered to mice 1 d before TBI,30 mins before TBI and once each day within the following 7 days after TBI. Mice were euthanized on the ninth day after TBI,the number of CFU-S,peripheral blood parameters and bone marrow cells per femur were measured in this experiment. Results Propofol im?proved the 30 day-survival of lethally irradiated mice. There were increases in number of CFU-S,white blood cells,red blood cells, hemoglobin in peripheral blood and bone marrow cells per femur in 2 Gy TBI+20 mg/kg propofol group compared to 2 Gy TBI group (P<0.05). Conclusion Propofol exhibits a promising protective effect on TBI-induced hematopoietic system injury;further study should be focused on the related mechanisms.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318454

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the efficacy differences between dog-days medicinal vesiculation and regular-day medicinal vesiculation for perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR), and observe their effects on serum immune globulin E (IgE) and interleukin-4 (IL-4).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-two patients were randomly divided into a dog-days moxibustion group (34 cases) and a regular-day moxibustion group (38 cases). In the dog-days moxibustion group, medicinal vesiculation was applied on the 1st dog-day, 2nd dog-day and last dog-day in summer by lunar calendar, 3 treatments per dog-day for totally 9 times. In the regular-day moxibustion group, the moxibustion was given on the regular day for continuous 9 times. The symptom score, rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire (RQLQ) and the level of IgE and IL-4 were compared before and after treatment in two groups; the short-term and two-year efficacy evaluation were performed too.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The short-term total effective rate was 88.2% (30/34) in the dog-days moxibustion group, which was not significantly different to 86.8% (33/38) in the regular-day moxibustion group (P>0.05). The long-term total effective rate was 97.1% (33/34) in the dog-days moxibustion group, which was significantly superior to 81.6% (31/38) in the regular-day moxibustion group (P<0.05). After treatment, the serum IgE, IL-4 and RQLQ were significantly reduced (all P<0.01), but the difference between two groups was not significant (all P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Medicinal moxibustion could be taken as a regular treatment for PAR, which could be performed during the whole year, and dog-days moxibustion could be considered as an enhanced method for prevention and treatment of PAR.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Adult , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Male , Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327856

ABSTRACT

With the increasingly more serious environmental pollution in China in recent years, effective intervention with PM25-induced health risks has become a major scientific issue to be addressed urgently in medical research field in China. NOD-like receptors (NLRs) are a family of cytoplasmic pattern-recognition receptors that have critical roles in innate immunity. On the basis of study progresses in international cardiovascular disease research "Fine particulate matter exposure is a modifiable risk factor for the morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular diseases", and with reference to the current understanding of pulmonary inflammation and oxidative stress in PM2.5-induced acute coronary syndrome, this study intended to investigate whether intracellular pattern recognition NL-RP3 plays a important role in the inital event of PM2.5 induced vessel inflammation as a foreign matter in the process of plaque destabilization and to thoroughly explore the underlying mechanisms responsible for PM2.5-induced acute cardiovascular events. On the other hand, it also studies the feasibility of using traditional Chinese medicine to treat plaque destabilization cause by PM2.5 exposure and discuss it's pathogenesis and intervention strategy based on TCM theory. This paper in order to provide scientific basis for social focal issues in public health proactively and offers the references for relevant research.


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants , Toxicity , Animals , Environmental Exposure , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Particulate Matter , Toxicity , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Drug Therapy , Mortality
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346863

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the biotransformation by human intestinal flora, and the absorption and transportation characteristic in a model of human colon adenocarcinoma cell lines (Caco-2 cell) monolayer of d-corydaline (CDL) and tetrahydropalmatine (THP).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>CDL or THP was incubated with crude enzymes of human intestinal flora under the anaerobic environment and 37 degrees C conditions to transform CDL or THP. Caco-2 cell monolayer was used as an intestinal epithelial cell model for determination of the permeability of CDL or THP from apical side (AP side) to basolateral side (BL side) or from BL side to AP side. Transportation parameters and permeability coefficients (P(app)) were then calculated, and P(app) values were compared with the reported values for model compounds, propranolol as a well absorbed drug and atenolol as a poor absorbed drug. The concentration of CDL or THP was measured by HPLC coupled with photodiode array detector.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>CDL or THP in the human intestinal flora incubation system did not happen biotransformation. In the Caco-2 cell monolayer model, the P(app) magnitudes of both CDL and THP were 1 x 10(-5) cm x s(-1) in the bi-directional transport, which were identical with propranolol. And their transports were concentration dependent between 0-180 min.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Both CDL and THP may be stable in the human intestinal flora incubation system, and their absorption and transportation in the human Caco-2 cell monolayer model are mainly via passive diffusion mechanism.</p>


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Metabolism , Berberine Alkaloids , Metabolism , Pharmacokinetics , Biological Transport , Biotransformation , Caco-2 Cells , Corydalis , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Metabolism , Pharmacokinetics , Humans , Intestinal Absorption , Intestines , Metabolism , Microbiology , Models, Biological
15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 897-903, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329020

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To screen the differentially expressed genes in human renal clear-cell carcinoma (RCC) cells using suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH), and to explore their biological function and underlying mechanism in RCC cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Total RNAs were extracted from human renal clear-cell carcinoma cell line RLC-310 and human normal renal cell line HK-2 cells, and SSH technology was used to construct a RCC cell library of differential expression genes and to screen the most differentially expressed genes. RNA interference vector was constructed to silence the expression of the differentially expressed gene SIPL1 in human renal cell lines RLC-310 and GRC-1. Proliferation index was estimated by cell counting, MTT and tumor xenograft assay. Cell cycle analysis was performed using fluorescence activated cell sorting. Drug resistance potential to adriamycin was assessed by MTT.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A subtractive cDNA library of highly expressed genes in the RCC cells was constructed and 12 differentially expressed genes were screened from the subtractive library, in which SIPL1 was the most differently expressed gene in the RCC cell line. SIPL1 overexpression in the RCC cells and clinical samples was confirmed by RT-PCR and Western blot analyses. The shRNA expression plasmid targeting to SIPL1 gene was constructed and transfected into RLC-310 and GRC-1 cells, resulting in downregulation of SIPL1. SIPL1 knockdown inhibited the cell proliferation (P < 0.05) and tumorgenesis. The tumor weights formed by RLC-310 cells transfected with SIPL1 shRNA was (0.22 ± 0.07)g and that of negative control vector was (0.85 ± 0.06)g. The tumor weight formed by GRC-1 cells was (0.32 ± 0.07)g and that of control vectors was (1.21 ± 0.11)g (P < 0.05). SIPL1 shRNA-transfected RLC-310 cells showed that more cells were arrested at G0/G1 phase [(71.13 ± 4.58)%] than that in the negative control RLC-310 cells [(53.27 ± 3.34)%, P < 0.05]. The proportion of G0/G1 phase in the SIPL1 shRNA transfected GRC-1 cells was (73.83 ± 3.97)%, significantly higher than that of (59.33 ± 3.03)% in the negative control GRC-1 cells (P < 0.05), and enhanced their sensitivity to adriamycin (P < 0.05). Silence of SIPL1 caused inactivation of AKT signaling and up-regulated expression of P27(Kip1) and P21(Cip1) proteins.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>A differentially expressed gene SIPL1 in the renal clear-cell carcinoma is successfully screened using SSH technology. SIPL1 functions as an oncogene in RCC, and may become a novel molecular target for RCC diagnosis and therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Adult , Aged , Animals , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic , Pharmacology , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Carrier Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Cycle , Cell Line , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 , Metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27 , Metabolism , Doxorubicin , Pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Female , Humans , Kidney , Cell Biology , Kidney Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Transplantation , Nucleic Acid Hybridization , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , RNA Interference , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Transfection , Tumor Burden
16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 503-506, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261965

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Using an adenoviral vector, the wild-type PTEN gene was transduced into activated hepatic stellate cell (HSC) cultured in vitro and cell cycle markers and were detect. Thereby, the potential mechanisms of inhibitory effect of the wild-type PTEN overexpression on the proliferation in activated HSC was investigated.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The wild type PTEN gene was transduced into activated HSC (HSC-T6 ) cultured in vitro mediated by adenoviral vector. PTEN expression in HSC was measured by Western blot and Real-time fluorescent quantitation PCR. Flow cytometry (FCM) was then used to detect cell cycle phase of activated HSC. And the expressions of cyclinD1 and cyclin dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) in HSC were determined by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The data showed that exogenous wild type PTEN gene was successfully transduced and expressed in activated HSC cultured in vitro. The over-expression of wild type PTEN resulted in the increased number of HSC at G0/G1 phase ( P less than 0.01), and the number of HSC at S phase and G2/M phase were decreased significantly, P less than 0.01. Furthermore, there were decreased cyclinD1 and CDK4 expression in HSC infected with Ad-PTEN, P less than 0.01.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The over-expression of wild type PTEN inhibit transition of activated HSC in vitro from G1 to S phase and arrest cell cycle of them at G0/G1 phase via the down-regulated expressions of cyclinD1 and CDK4, and then inhibit HSC proliferation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Genetics , Animals , Cell Cycle , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin D1 , Metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4 , Metabolism , Genetic Vectors , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Metabolism , PTEN Phosphohydrolase , Pharmacology , Rats , Transfection
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351144

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of Salvia miltiorrhiza monomer IH764-3 on apoptosis in hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-stimulated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HSCs were cultured in medium with different IH764-3 doses (10 mg/L, 20 mg/L, 30 mg/L, 40 mg/L) and without IH764-3. Direct cell count, 3H-thymidine incorporation, Annexin-V/Propidium Iodide double-labeled flow cytometry, TUNEL and transmission electron microscopy were employed to estimate the influence of IH764-3 on proliferation and apoptosis of HSCs. The expression of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (ERK1) mRNA and protein in HSCs were detected using RT-PCR and Western blot respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>It was showed that H2O2 could promote HSC proliferation. In contrast, IH764-3 at concentrations of 10 mg/L, 20 mg/L, 30 mg/L and 40 mg/L inhibited its proliferation. The inhibition rates were 7.13%, 28.36%, 53.80% and 73.10% (P < 0.01). And the inhibition rates of IH764-3 at concentrations of 30 mg/L at 12 h, 24 h and 48 h were 22.24%, 40.51% and 61.65%. Furthermore, IH764-3 could also induce the HSC apoptosis in dose-dependent an dtime-dependent manners (P < 0.01). In addition, after exposed of HSCs to IH764-3 for 24 h, ERK production decreased and ERK1 mRNA was down-regulated earlier about 2 h after exposure to IH764-3.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>IH764-3 may inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of HSCs in both dose-dependent and time-dependent manners, which may be related to down-regulation of ERK expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Physiology , Cell Line , Down-Regulation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Cell Biology , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide , Pharmacology , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323702

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the differences in the development of primordial germ cells (PGCs) between male and female mouse embryos.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The morphological changes of genital ridge development were detected in C57BL/6J mouse embryos of 11-13.5 days, and the changes of PGCs quantity and proliferation were compared between the male and female embryos using immunofluorescence histochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The PGCs was the most numerous at 13.5 days in male and female embryos, and the quantity of proliferating PGCs reached the maximum at 13 days. The quantity of PGCs and proliferating PGCs in male embryos at 13 days was significantly larger than that in female embryos.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The development of PGCs is characterized by a gender differences in early development of mouse embryos (11-13.5 days).</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Embryo, Mammalian , Cell Biology , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental , Germ Cells , Cell Biology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Ovary , Cell Biology , Sex Factors , Testis , Cell Biology
19.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 243-246, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642194

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of iodine excess on mitochondrial superoxide production and mitoehondrial membrane potential(△ψ)changes in Fisher rat thyroid cell line(FRTL)cells.Methods FRTL cells were treated with 10-4mol/L potassium iodine(KI),10 U/L thyrotropin(TSH),10-4 mol/L KI+10 U/L TSH respectively for 24 h.Effects on cell proliferation were assayed by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT)colorimetric method.Changes of mitochondrial superoxide production and △ψ were measured by live cell imaging and spectrofluorometer using MitoSOX and rhodamine 123(rh123)respectively.Results Absorbance(A)in the KI group (0.794±0.144)showed a significant decline compared to the control group(1.000 ±0.183,P<0.05),whereas a significant elevation was observed in the TSH group(1.215±0.156,P<0.05).No significant differences was found between the KI+TSH group(1.025±0.254)and the control group(P>0.05),but the former was marked higher than the KI group(P<0.05).Compared to the control group(9.74±3.24).MitoSOX mean fluorescence intensity (MFI)in the KI and KI+TSH groups(18.16±6.57,13.33±2.92)were significantly increased(all P<0.05),which was a significant decline in the TSH group(6.64±2.15,P<0.05).MitoSOX MFI in the KI+TSH group was lower than the KI group(P<0.05).Rh123 MFI in the KI and KI+TSH groups(210 593±31 328,295 525±34 243)showed significant decline than the control group(407 824±37 198,all P<0.05).Compared with the KI group.the KI+TSH group pronouncedly attenuated the reduction of Rh 123 MFI(P<0.05).No significant differences of Rh 123 MFI were found between the TSH group(411 187 ± 72 852) and the control group(P > 0.05). Conclusion Iodine excess (10-4 mol/L KI) may lead to peroxide damage on the mitochondria of FRTL cells, and cell proliferation is inhibited. Combining treatment with 10 U/L TSH may attenuate mitochondrial peroxide damage and inhibition of cell proliferation caused by iodine excess.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 653-656, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306709

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the dynamic changes of a-AR, b1-AR and b2-AR expression in hepatic fibrosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rat hepatic fibrosis model was established by bile duct ligation (BDL). HE and Masson staining were used to determine hepatic fibrosis levels. Immunohistochemistry was applied to detect alpha -smooth muscle actin (alpha -SMA), a marker of hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation; Western blot and real-time RT-PCR were used to measure the dynamic changes of alpha -AR, beta(1)-AR, beta(2)-AR expression on protein and mRNA levels, respectively, during the development of hepatic fibrosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) HE and Masson trichrome staining showed that the liver fibrosis models were established successfully. (2) At 1, 2, 3, 4 wk after BDL, alpha -SMA positive area density of the model group (10.58% +/- 1.75%, 24.14% +/- 2.02%, 29.74% +/- 2.59%, 34.28% +/- 2.01%) was significantly higher than that of the sham operation group (4.12% +/- 1.51%), P less than 0.01. (3) The expression of alpha -AR, beta(1)-AR, beta(2)-AR protein and mRNA was increased with the development of the hepatic fibrosis (P less than 0.05). (4) alpha -SMA expression was positively associated with alpha -AR, beta(1)-AR, beta(2)-AR, r values were 0.564, 0.753 and 0.606, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression of alpha -SMA is increased dramatically during the fibrosis, and is positively associated with the expression of alpha -AR, beta(1)-AR and beta(2)-AR.</p>


Subject(s)
Actins , Metabolism , Animals , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Metabolism , Pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Liver , Metabolism , Pathology , Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary , Metabolism , Pathology , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha , Genetics , Metabolism , Receptors, Adrenergic, beta , Genetics , Metabolism , Sympathetic Nervous System , Metabolism , Time Factors
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