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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2171-2176, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936586

ABSTRACT

Piroxicam has polymorphism. Different crystalline forms can exhibit different physicochemical properties and biological activities. Analysis of the intermolecular interactions is essential to reveal the formation mechanism and differences of polymorphs. In this paper, Hirshfeld surface analysis and semi-empirical methods were used to calculate and analyze the intermolecular interactions in seven polymorphic forms of piroxicam. The results show that the Hirshfeld surface analysis method can clearly and intuitively reveal the intermolecular interactions, among which H…H, O…H/H…O and N…H/H…N interactions account for 95% of the total energy. There are differences in the proportion and distribution of the forces of different crystal forms. The energy calculation shows that the lattice energy of the hydrate is significantly lower than that of the anhydrous forms, and in the specific energy distribution, the contribution of the dispersion force is the most prominent. Further interaction energy analysis was found that within the distance of 3.8 Å from the center of the piroxicam molecule, different crystalline forms of piroxicam molecule have different interaction energies with surrounding molecules.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940950

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the current status and evaluate the equity of health human resource allocation for echinococcosis control in Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, so as to provide the empirical evidence for optimizing the health human resource allocation for echinococcosis control.@*METHODS@#A questionnaire survey was performed to collect the numbers of health human sources for echinococcosis control, including health workers, healthcare professionals, certified/assistant physicians and registered nurses, per 1 000 permanent residents, per 1 000 m2, per 1 000 residents screened using Bmode ultrasonography and per 1 000 echinococcosis patients in two highly endemic counties and three lowly endemic counties in Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province from 2016 to 2019. The equity of health human resource allocation for echinococcosis control was evaluated by permanent residents and geographical areas using Lorenz curve and Gini index in Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture from 2016 to 2019.@*RESULTS@#The numbers of health workers, healthcare professionals, certified/assistant physicians and registered nurses per 1 000 permanent residents, per 1 000 permanent residents, per 1 000 m2, per 1 000 residents screened using B-mode ultrasonography and per 1 000 echinococcosis patients were 0.99-, 1.06-, 1.78- and 1.88-fold; 3.38-, 3.67-, 6.00- and 6.00-fold; 1.64-, 1.74-, 3.22- and 3.18-fold; and 64.92-, 70.39-, 139.34- and 117.44-fold more in lowly endemic counties than in highly endemic countries in Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, 2019. The Gini indexes of health human resource allocation for echinococcosis control were 0.371 to 0.397 by permanent residents and 0.477 to 0.591 by geographical areas in Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture from 2016 to 2019, and the Gini indexes (0.469 to 0.730) for allocation of certified/assistant physicians and registered nurses were both higher than those of health workers and healthcare professionals (0.302 to 0.451) by both permanent residents and geographical areas.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The health human resource allocation for echinococcosis control showed general equity by permanent residents and poor equity by geographical areas in Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province from 2016 to 2019.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Echinococcosis/epidemiology , Health Personnel , Health Workforce , Humans , Resource Allocation , Ultrasonography
3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 38-44, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935906

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of adenovirus-mediated shRNA down-regulating phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) expression on vinculin, filamin A, and cortactin in activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Methods: Activated rats hepatic stellate cell line (HSC-T6) was cultured in vitro. Recombinant adenovirus Ad-shRNA/PTEN carrying PTEN targeted RNA interference sequence [short hairpin RNA (shRNA)] and empty control virus Ad-GFP were transfected into HSCs. The PTEN mRNA and protein expression of HSCs in each group were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot. The expressional change of vinculin, filamin A and cortactin in HSCs of each group were detected by confocal laser scanning immunofluorescence microscope. Image-pro plus 6.0 software was used for image analysis and processing. The integrated optical density (IOD) of the fluorescence protein expression was measured. The experiment was divided into three groups: control group (DMEM instead of adenovirus solution in the adenovirus transfection step), Ad-GFP group (transfected with empty virus Ad-GFP only expressing green fluorescent protein), and Ad-shRNA/PTEN group (recombinant adenovirus Ad-shRNA/PTEN carrying shRNA targeting PTEN and expressing green fluorescent protein). One-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of mean value among the three groups, and LSD-test was used for comparison between the groups. Results: shRNA targeted PTEN was successfully transfected and the expression of PTEN mRNA and protein in HSC (P < 0.05) was significantly down-regulated. HSCs vinculin was mainly expressed in the cytoplasm. HSCs vinculin fluorescence IOD in the Ad-shRNA/PTEN group (19 758.83 ± 1 520.60) was higher than control (7 737.16 ± 279.93) and Ad-GFP group (7 725.50 ± 373.03) (P < 0.05), but there was no statistically significant difference between control group and Ad-GFP group (P > 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the fluorescence IOD of Filamin A among the three groups (P > 0.05), but the subcellular distribution of Filamin A among the three groups were changed. Filamin A in the Ad-shrNA /PTEN HSC group was mainly distributed in the cytoplasm. Filamin A HSC was mainly located in the nucleus.The filamin A HSC in the control group and Ad-GFP group was mainly located in the nucleus. The nucleocytoplasmic ratio of Filamin A in the AD-shrNA /PTEN group (0.60 ± 0.15) was significantly lower than control group (1.20 ± 0.15) and Ad-GFP group (1.08 ± 0.23), P < 0.05. but there was no statistically significant difference in filamin A nucleocytoplasmic ratio of HSC between the control group and the Ad-GFP group (P > 0.05). Cortactin HSCs in the three groups was mainly distributed in the cytoplasm. The cortactin fluorescence IOD of HSCs in the Ad-shRNA/PTEN group was significantly higher than control group (22 959.94 ± 1 710.42) and the Ad-GFP group (22 547.11 ± 1 588.72 ) (P < 0.05), while there was no statistically significant difference in the IOD of cortactin fluorescence in HSCs between the control group and the Ad-GFP group (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The down-regulation of PTEN expression raises the expression of microfilament-binding protein vinculin and cortactin, and changes the subcellular distribution of another microfilament binding protein filamin A, that is, translocation from nucleus to the cytoplasm in activated HSC in vitro.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae/metabolism , Animals , Carrier Proteins , Cell Proliferation , Cortactin , Filamins/genetics , Hepatic Stellate Cells/metabolism , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , Rats , Vinculin/genetics
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928564

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the risk factors for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants, and to establish a scoring model that can predict the development and guide the prevention of NEC.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of preterm infants who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology,Bethune First Hospital of Jilin University, from January 2011 to December 2020. These infants were divided into two groups: NEC (298 infants with Bell II stage or above) and non-NEC (300 infants). Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the factors influencing the development of NEC. A nomogram for predicting the risk of NEC was established based on the factors. The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve and the index of concordance (C-index) were used to evaluate the predictive performance of the nomogram.@*RESULTS@#The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that grade ≥2 intracranial hemorrhage, peripherally inserted central catheterization, breast milk fortifier, transfusion of red cell suspension, hematocrit >49.65%, mean corpuscular volume >114.35 fL, and mean platelet volume >10.95 fL were independent risk factors for NEC (P<0.05), while the use of pulmonary surfactant, the use of probiotics, and the platelet distribution width >11.8 fL were protective factors against NEC (P<0.05). The nomogram showed good accuracy in predicting the risk of NEC, with a bootstrap-corrected C-index of 0.844. The nomogram had an optimal cutoff value of 171.02 in predicting the presence or absence of NEC, with a sensitivity of 74.7% and a specificity of 80.5%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The prediction nomogram for the risk of NEC has a certain clinical value in early prediction, targeted prevention, and early intervention of NEC.


Subject(s)
Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/prevention & control , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Infant, Premature , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879156

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents from the stems and leaves of Morinda citrifolia were isolated and purified by column chromatography methods with silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and preparative high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). The structures of the isolated compounds were identified by physicochemical properties and spectroscopic analysis, as well as comparisons with the data reported in literature. 17 compounds were isolated from the 90% ethanol extract of the stems and leaves of M. citrifolia, and were identified as 9,10-dihydroxy-4, 7-megastigmadien-3-one(1), 5,12-epoxy-6,9-hydroxy-7-megastigmen-3-one(2), fukinone(3), β-eudesmol(4), sarmentol F(5), 4, 5-dihydroblumenol A(6), 3-hydroxy-β-ionone(7), aristol-8-en-1-one(8), ergosta-7-en-3β-ol(9), ergosta-7-ene-3β,5α,6β-triol(10),(22E)-5α,8α-epidioxyergosta-6,22-dien-3β-ol(11), olivil(12), 4-epi-larreatricin(13), chushizisin Ⅰ(14), rabdosia acid A(15), glycerol monolinoleate(16) and(9Z,12Z,15Z)-2,3-dihydroxypropyl octadeca-trienoate(17). All compounds were isolated from M. citrifolia for the first time. All isolated compounds were evaluated for their anti-rheumatoid arthritis activities via examining their inhibitory activities on the proliferation of synoviocytes in vitro using MTS met-hod. Compounds 1-11 showed significant anti-rheumatoid arthritis activities, displaying the inhibitory effects on the proliferation of MH7 A synovial fibroblast cell with the IC_(50) values ranging from(38.69±0.86) to(203.45±1.03) μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Molecular Structure , Morinda , Synoviocytes
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910167

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical efficacy and pregnancy outcomes of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) based fertility-sparing re-treatment in women with endometrial carcinoma (EC) and atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH) who failed with oral progestin therapy.Methods:Forty cases with EC or AEH who failed to respond to oral progestin were included from January 2012 to December 2020 at Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Combination of GnRH-a with levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (group GLI: a subcutaneous injection of GnRH-a every 4 weeks and LNG-IUS insertion constantly) or the combination of GnRH-a with aromatase inhibitor (group GAI: a subcutaneous injection of GnRH-a every 4 weeks and oral letrozole 2.5 mg, daily) were used for these patients. Histological evaluation were performed at the end of each course (every 3-4 months) by hysteroscopy and curettage. After the complete remission (CR), all patients were followed up regularly.Results:(1) Clinical characteristics:among the 40 patients with EC or AEH, the median age at diagnosis was 31 years (range: 22-40 years) and the median body mass index was 24.7 kg/m 2 (range: 18.9-39.5 kg/m 2). (2) Efficacy of fertility-sparing re-treatment: 37 (92%, 37/40) patients achieved CR, 6 (6/7) in AEH and 31 (94%, 31/33) in EC patients. The CR rate was 93% (26/28) and 11/12 in group GLI and GAI, respectively. The median time to CR was 5 months (range: 3-12 months). At the end of the first therapy course, the CR rates in AEH and EC were 5/7 and 42% (14/33), at the second course, the CR rates were 6/7 and 82% (27/33), respectively. (3) Recurrence: after 25 months of median follow-up duration (range: 10-75 months), 8 (22%, 8/37) women developed recurrence, 1/6 in AEH and 7 (23%, 7/31) in EC patients, with the median recurrence time of 18 months (range: 9-26 months). Among them, two cases who had completed childbirth chose to receive hysterectomy directly. Six patients met the criteria of fertility-preserving therapy and received conservative treatment again and 5 (5/6) of them achieved CR. (4) Pregnancy: of the 37 patients with CR, 33 desired to conceive. Ten women attempted to get pregnancy spontaneously and 23 cases with assisted reproductive technology. Fourteen (42%, 14/33) patients became pregnant, including 9 (27%, 9/33) live births, 3 (9%, 3/33) missed abortions, and 2 (6%, 2/33) miscarriages at the second trimester. Conclusions:GnRH-a based fertility-sparing re-treatment in AEH or EC patients who failed with oral progestin therapy achieved good treatment effect and reproductive outcomes. It is an encouraging alternative regime for patients who failed with oral progestin therapy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905861

ABSTRACT

Objective:To seed for stable time window of the integrated disease-syndrome animal model based on the counterevidence from Chinese medicinal prescriptions, and to verify syndrome stability and reliability. Method:A model of depression was established by exposing rats to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS), followed by body weight measurement, sugar water test, behavioral test, and brain 5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT) detection. The identification of liver depression and spleen deficiency syndrome was conducted after the equivalent transformation of human clinical symptoms into macroscopic representations of rats. Based on the dynamically collected macroscopic representation scale, Xiaoyaosan was used to reversely verify the stability and reliability of the integrated disease-syndrome animal model of depression due to liver depression and spleen deficiency. Result:The sugar water consumption and the number of crossings and the total movement distance in the open field test of 16-week-old rats in the CUMS (eight weeks of CUMS) group were significantly lower than those in the normal group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). According to the immunohistochemical results, the 5-HT content in hippocampal area CA2 of rats in the CUMS group was also significantly lowered as compared with that in the normal group(<italic>P</italic><0.05),which indicated that depression was successfully modeled. The liver depression and spleen deficiency syndrome was present in 14-week-old rats (six weeks after CUMS)of the CUMS group, and the number of rats experiencing the liver depression and spleen deficiency syndrome reached the peak in the 16th week (eight weeks after CUMS),accounting for 70% of the total number. Thereafter, the number decreased gradually. The syndrome scores of the 14-, 16-, 18-, 20-, and 22-week-old rats in the Xiaoyaosan group were reduced by 66.6%, 70.7%, 54.8%, 50.4%, and 44.8%, which were graded as effective, marked effective, effective, effective, and effective, respectively. Conclusion:The age of 14-16 weeks(six to eight weeks after CUMS) is considered the stable and reliable time window for depression due to liver depression and spleen deficiency.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 570-576, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873779

ABSTRACT

Four salts of ticagrelor, ticagrelor-3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid, ticagrelor-pyrazinamide, ticagrelor-D-proline and ticagrelor-L-proline were prepared by solvent suspension and liquid-assisted grinding to improve the solubility of ticagrelor. The compounds were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and the intermolecular salt-bonding forces were analyzed. The equilibrium solubility of salts and pure drug in hydrochloride buffer pH 1.2 and phosphate buffer pH 6.8 were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. Ticagrelor was salted with 3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid, pyrazinamide, D-proline, L-proline all in a stoichiometric ratio of 1∶1; with the exception of ticagrelor-D-proline, the solubility of the other three salts provided significantly improved solubility in hydrochloride buffer pH 1.2, and the equilibrium solubility of ticagrelor-3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid was increased by approximately 1.7 folds as compared to pure drug. Salt-forming technology is convenient and can improve the solubility of ticagrelor.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888144

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents from the stems and leaves of Clausena excavata were isolated and purified by column chromatography with silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and RP-HPLC. The chemical structures of the isolated compounds were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties, spectroscopic analysis, as well as the comparisons with the data reported in literature. Nineteen compounds were isolated from the 90% ethanol extract of the stems and leaves of C. excavata, which were identified as methyl orsellinate(1), syringaresinol(2), lenisin A(3), scopoletin(4), osthenol(5), N-benzoyltyrarnine methyl ether(6), N-p-coumaroyltyramine(7), aurantiamide acetate(8), 1H-indole-3-carboxaldehyde(9), furostifoline(10), clausenalansine E(11), 3-formylcarbazole(12), clausine L(13), clausine E(14), methyl carbazole-3-carboxylate(15), glycosinin(16), murrayafoline A(17), clausine H(18) and 2,7-dihydroxy-3-formyl-1-(3'-methyl-2'-butenyl)carbazole(19). Among these isolated compounds, compounds 1-11 were isolated from C. excavata for the first time, and compounds 1, 2 and 10 were isolated from the genus Clausena for the first time. In addition, this study evaluated the anti-rheumatoid arthritis activities of compounds 1-19 by measuring their anti-proliferative effects on synoviocytes in vitro according to MTS method. Compounds 10-19 displayed remarkable anti-rheumatoid arthritis activities, which exhibited the inhibitory effects on the proliferation of MH7 A synovial fibroblast cells with the IC_(50) values ranging from(27.63±0.18) to(235.67±2.16) μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Chromatography, Reverse-Phase , Clausena , Plant Leaves , Synoviocytes
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888078

ABSTRACT

Excitatory toxicity(ET) is an important factor of neuropathic pain(NPP) induced by central sensitization(CS), and the association of pannexin-1(Panx1)-Src-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit 2 B(NMDAR-2 B) is an important new pathway for ET to initiate CS. The present study confirmed whether the central analgesic effect of Chuanxiong Rhizoma extract(CRE) was achieved through the synchronous regulation of the brain and spinal pathways of Panx1-Src-NMDAR-2 B. In this study, dynamic and simulta-neo-us microdialysis of the brain and spinal cord in vivo combined with behavioristics, high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC)-fluorescence detection, microdialysis analysis(ISCUS~(flex)), ultrasensitive multifactorial electrochemiluminescence immunoassay, ELISA, and Western blot was employed to investigate the protein expression of NMDAR-2 B, Src, and Panx1, extracellular excitatory amino acids, cytokines, energy metabolites, and substance P in spinal dorsal horn(SDH) and anterior cingulate cortex(ACC) after CRE intervention with the rat model of spared sciatic nerve injury(SNI) as the experimental tool. Compared with the sham group, the SNI group exhibited diminished mechanical withdrawal threshold(MWT)(P<0.01), increased cold spray scores(P<0.01), glutamate(Glu), D-serine(D-Ser), and glycine(Gly) in extracellular fluids of ACC, and Glu, D-Ser, interleukin-1β(IL-1β), and lactic acid(Lac) in extracellular fluids of SDH(P<0.05), dwindled tumor necrosis factor(TNF-α)(P<0.05), and elevated protein levels of NMDAR-2 B, Src, and Panx1 in ACC(P<0.05). Compared with the SNI model rats, high-and medium-dose CRE(CRE-H/M) could potentiate the analgesic activity as revealed by the MWT test(P<0.05) and CRE-M enabled the decrease in cold spray scores(P<0.05). CRE-H/M could inhibit the levels of Glu, D-Ser and Gly in the extracellular fluids of ACC(P<0.05), and the levels of Glu in the extracellular fluids of SDH(P<0.05) in SNI rats. CRE-M significantly increased the levels of glucose(Gluc), Lac, interferon-gamma(IFN-γ), keratinocyte chemoattractant/human growth-regulated oncogenes(KC/GRO), and IL-4 in extracellular fluids of SDH in SNI rats(P<0.05). CRE-H/M/L could also inhibit the levels of NMDAR-2 B, Src and Panx1 in ACC and SDH in SNI rats(P<0.05). The central analgesic effect of CRE is presumedly related to the inhibited release of excitatory amino acid transmitters(Glu, D-Ser and Gly) in ACC and SDH of SNI rats, decreased protein expression of NMDAR-2 B, Src and Panx1 in the two regions, and the regulation of the Panx1-Src-NMDAR-2 B pathway in the spinal cord and brain. The above findings partially clarified the scientific basis of clinical analgesic effect of Chuanxiong Rhizoma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Central Nervous System Sensitization , Neuralgia/drug therapy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Spinal Cord/metabolism
11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 864-868, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868350

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare and analyze the calcification characteristics and diagnostic efficiency of different breast lesion types using digtal breast tomosynthesis (DBT) and full-field digital mammography (FFDM).Methods:Totally 1 263 patients who underwent both DBT and FFDM at the same time from January 2015 to December 2018 in Dahua Hospital, Xuhui district, Shanghai were analyzed retrospectively. Benign and malignant calcification should be confirmed by pathology or a follow-up of 24 months or more using mammography, and the results of DBT and FFDM were taken as a gold standard. The detection rate and diagnostic efficiency of different types of benign and malignant breast calcification with the two methods were compared and analyzed. The detection rate of morphology and distribution of malignant calcification were compared among groups.Results:There were 240 cases with non-dense breast including 56 cases with benign calcification and 13 cases with malignant calcification. Meanwhile, there were 1 023 cases with dense breast, including 356 cases with benign calcification and 63 cases with malignant calcification. In the cases of non-dense breast, the detection rates of benign calcification by DBT and FFDM were 22.9% (55/240) and 21.7% (52/240), whereas the rates of malignant calcification were 5.0% (12/240) and 4.6% (11/240), all without statistically significances(χ2=0.108, 0.046, P>0.05). No significant differences were observed in the morphology and distribution of malignant calcification detection rates ( P>0.05). In the cases of dense breast, the benign calcification detection rates by DBT and FFDM were 34.2% (350/1 023) and 31.9% (326/1 023), whereas the detection rates of malignant calcification were 6.0% (61/1 023) and 4.9% (50/1 023), all without statistically significances (χ2=1.273 and 1.153, P>0.05). DBT detected more cases of amorphous and cluster distribution of malignant calcification than FFDM, with statistically significant differences (χ2=12.921 and 11.667, P<0.05). The area under ROC curve of DBT and FFDM in diagnosis of non-dense breast were 0.993 and 0.992, and 0.987 and 0.964 in dense breast, respectively, with no significant differences ( Z= 0.136 and 1.391, P>0.05). Conclusions:Compared with FFDM, DBT shows no statistical difference in the diagnostic efficiency of breast calcification. However, it has certain advantages in detecting malignant, amorphous, and clustered calcification in dense breast. DBT has a potential to improve the accuracy of BI-RADS classification of breast calcification.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2198-2206, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825740

ABSTRACT

The treatment plan for chronic pain often proceeds from a single drug to drug combination therapy. Sinomenine and ligustrazine, natural alkaline substances derived from traditional Chinese medicines, are expected to provide a new choice for combination analgesic therapy strategies. Here we establish a microdialysis sampling and HPLC-MS/MS quantification method for sinomenine, ligustrazine, gabapentin, paracetamol, pregabalin and amitriptyline in rat blood and brain extracellular fluid. Blood and brain microdialysis probes were implanted in the jugular vein toward the right atrium and left corpus striatum zone (AP +0.2 mm, ML 3.0 mm, DV 3.5 mm) in rats. The blood and brain microdialysis probes were perfused with citric acid buffer solution and Ringer's solution, respectively. Blood and brain extracellular fluid microdialysate were collected at intervals of 20 min at a perfusion rate of 1.5 μL·min-1, and continuously collected for 24 h after administration. The liquid chromatographic separation used a C18-reversed phase chromatographic column (HSS T3 2.5 μm, 2.1 mm×50 mm), the mobile phase was methanol/water (containing 0.05‰ formic acid), and gradient elution was carried out at a flow rate of 0.3 mL·min-1. Mass spectrometric detection used an electrospray ion source, positive ion mode and multi-reaction monitoring method. The selected quantitative ions for sinomenine, ligustrazine, gabapentin, paracetamol, pregabalin, amitriptyline and internal standard naloxone were 330/181, 137/80, 172/154, 152/110, 160/142, 278/233 and 328/310 respectively. The specificity, linear range, matrix effect, accuracy, precision, stability and probe recovery were investigated and confirmed to be suitable for the determination of the above drugs in rat blood and brain extracellular fluid microdialysate. The calculated in vivo recovery of microdialysis probes ranged from 19.38% to 25.88%. After intravenous administration of sinomenine (50 mg·kg-1), ligustrazine (50 mg·kg-1), gabapentin (50 mg·kg-1), paracetamol (50 mg·kg-1), pregabalin (50 mg·kg-1) and amitriptyline (40 mg·kg-1) to rats, the peak concentration in the blood microdialysate was in the range of 0.2-10 μg·mL-1. Drug concentrations could also be detected in brain extracellular fluid microdialysate, however with lower levels (peak concentration: 0.1-6 μg·mL-1) than those of blood microdialysates at each time point. In conclusion, this method can be applied to microdialysis sampling and quantification of sinomenine, ligustrazine, gabapentin, paracetamol, pregabalin and amitriptyline in rats. The method will promote research in identifying herb-drug pharmacokinetic interactions, as well as safety concerns in combination-therapy strategies.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781464

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mutation of RUNX1 gene in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and its correlation with other gene mutations and some clinical parameters.@*METHODS@#The mutations of RUNX1, DNMT3A, TET2, IDH1/2, NPM1, FLT3-ITD and C-KIT in 170 patients with MDS were detected by direct and indirect sequencing of genomic DNA-PCR amplification products.@*RESULTS@#The RUNX1 mutation was found in 23 patients (13.5 %, 23/170). Among the 170 patients, other most frequent mutation was TET2 (11.2%, 19/170), followed by mutations in DNMT3A (9.4%, 16/170), NPM1 (8.2%, 14/170), IDH2 (4.1%, 7/170)、FLT3-ITD (2.9%, 5/170), IDH1 (1.7%, 3/170) and c-KIT (0.58%, 1/170). The most common coexisting mutations were TET2 (5/23). The RUNX1-mutated group showed significantly higher leukocyte levels, higher percentages of blast cells, higher incidences of leukemia transformation and lower platelet counts in comparison with RUNX1 non-mutation group (P<0.05). whereas there were no statistically significant difference in age, MDS subtype, karyotype and hemoglobin level between 2 groups (P>0.05). Seventeen patients harboring RUNX1 mutations were followed up and almost 47.05% (8/17) of the patients progressed into acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The rates of transformation into AML in ASXL1-mutation group was significantly higher than that in ASXLL- non-mutation group (47.05% vs 11.7%) (P=0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of RUNX1 mutation is high in MDS patients. The RUNX1-mutated patients have higher leukocyte level, higher percentages of blast cells, higher incidences of leukemia transformation and lower platelet count.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905451

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of genus-level gut microbiome in patients with spinal cord injury and its significance in clinical rehabilitation. Methods:Fecal samples were collected from 23 patients with spinal cord injury (patients group) and 21 healthy volunteers (control group). Gut microbiome was detected by 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing. Bioinformatics methods such as species composition analysis and Random Forest were used to analyze the distribution and difference of genus-level gut microbiome between two groups. Results:Compared with the control group, the increased important marker genera in the patients group were as follows: UBA1819, Ruminiclostridium 9, Ruminococcaceae NK4A214 group, Ruminococcus 2, Ruminococceae UCG-005, Ruminiclostridium 5, Flavonifractor belonging to Ruminococceae; Aglistes, dgA-11 gut group, Rikenaceae RC9 gut group belonging to Rikenellaceae; [Eubacterium] oxidoreducens group belonging to Lachnospiraceae; Intestinibacter belonging to Peptostreptococcaceae; Escherichia-Shigella belonging to Enterobacteriaceae; Tannerellaceae belonging to Parabacteroides (|U| > 1.962, P < 0.05). The decreased marker genera in the patients group was Fusobacterium of Fusobacteriaceae (|U| = -2.284, P < 0.05). Conclusion:There are significant differences of gut microbiome in spinal cord injury patients. The relative abundance of Ruminococcaceae relating to depression, Ruminococcus relating to central nervous system diseases, and enteropathogenic bacteria such as Escherichia-Shigella and Erysipelothrix increase; and the relative abundance of butyrate-producing bacteria and anti-inflammatory bacteria benefitting to the intestine decrease; which may play a role in clinic.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864598

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the nursing care of acute leukemia granulocyte deficiency patients with scrotal and perianal infection.Methods:Individualized care plans were developed for acute leukemia granulocyte deficiency patients with scrotal and perianal infection. Nursing measures were conducted from wound care, high fever care, pain care, and psychological care.Results:The infected area of scrotum was reduced from 5 cm×5 cm to 3 cm×3 cm. The new granulation tissue was at the same height of skin. The skin around anus was fully-recovery.Conclusions:Evaluating this patient′s condition and observing the state of the illness, then applied corresponding nursing managements at different period of scrotum infection could reduce the occurrence and development of acute leukemia granulocyte deficiency-related infection and assure the successful chemotherapy.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846137

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the chemical composition and structure of the secondary metabolites of the endophytic fungus Aspergillus oryzae from Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis. Methods: A. oryzae was fermented by liquid fermentation. After extraction, it was separated and purified by various chromatography methods. The structure of the compounds was identified according to the physical and chemical properties and spectral data. Results: Four compounds were isolated and their structures were identified as 4-hydroxy-6-[(2S,3S)-3-hydroxybutan-2-yl]-3-methyl-2H-pyran-2-one (1), (R)-4-hydroxy-6-(1-hydroxy-2- methylpropyl)-3- methyl-2H-pyran-2-one (2), flufuran (3) and flufuran methyl ester (4). Conclusion: Compounds 1 and 2 are new α-pyronoids named asper-α-pyranone A and asper-α-pyranone B.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843223

ABSTRACT

Objective : To evaluate the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound quantitative analysis in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant breast intraductal lesions. Methods ¡¤ A retrospective analysis was made on the characteristics of conventional ultrasound and the time-intensity curve (TIC) of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) of 71 breast intraductal lesions in 63 patients, which were surgically resected and pathologically confirmed in Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018. The parameters of CEUS perfusion in the lesion area were obtained. Independent sample t test was used to analyze the differences of quantitative parameters between benign and ma-lignant lesions. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the value of conventional ultrasound, quantitative analysis of CEUS and their combination for the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant intraductal lesions of breast. Results ¡¤ There were 42 benign lesions and 29 malignant lesions. Among the quantitative parameters of CEUS, time to peak (t=2.072, P=0.042), peak intensity (t=-2.629, P=0.011), rise slope rate (t=3.015, P=0.004) and the area under the curve (AUC) (t=3.308, P=0.001) were statistically significant. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and area under the ROC curve of conventional ultrasound were 31.03%, 90.48%, 66.20%, 69.20%, 65.50% and 0.608. Those of quantitative analysis of CEUS were 75.86%, 71.43%, 73.24%, 64.70%, 81.10% and 0.776. And those of their combination were 86.21%, 97.62%, 92.96%, 96.15%, 91.11% and 0.943. Conclusion ¡¤ Conventional ultrasound is of limited value in the diagnosis of breast intraductal lesions, and quantitative analysis of CEUS is of great significance in differentiating benign from malignant breast intraductal lesions. The combination of conventional ultrasound and quantitative analysis of CEUS can significantly im-prove the diagnostic value.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873509

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA SFTA1P in non small cell lung cancer ( NSCLC) and its biological function in NSCLC cell lines. Methods Quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction( qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of SFTA1P in 18 pairs of NSCLC tissues and adjacent normal tissues. The expression of SFTA1P was detected by qRT-PCR in five different NSCLC cell lines ( A549,SPCA1,H460,H1975 and H1299) and one normal lung epithelial cell line ( HBE) . The overexpression vector of SFTA1P was designed and constructed. The overex- pressed cell line was constructed by transfection,the effects of overexpression of SFTA1P on proliferation, invasion and migration of NSCLC cells were detected by CCK-8 assay and transwell assay. Results The expression of SFTA1P in NSCLC tissues was lower than that of adjacent normal tissues ( t = 2. 158,P = 0. 043) . SFTA1P expression was detected in 5 strains of NSCLC cell lines and normal lung epithelial cell line. The expression of SFTA1P was the lowest in A549 and H460 cell lines ( t = 5. 769,P = 0. 004; t = 5. 772,P= 0. 004) ,and the highest in H1299 and H1975 cell lines ( t = 22. 248,P<0. 001; t = 11. 814,P <0. 001) . SFTA1P overexpression cell models were successfully constructed using A549 and H460 cell lines( all P<0.05) . The overexpression of SFTA1P could inhibit proliferation,invasion and migration of H460 and A549 cells ( ( all P < 0. 05) . Conclusions SFTA1P can affect the biological functions of NSCLC cells by inhibiting the proliferation,migration and invasion. SFTA1P may play a role as a tumor suppressor gene in tumorigenesis and development.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872958

ABSTRACT

Objective::To establish the HPLC fingerprint of carbonized ginger and to determine the contents of zingerone, 6-gingerol, 6-shogaol, 10-gingerol, 8-shogaol and 10-shogaol with quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker (QAMS). Method::The fingerprint of carbonized ginger was established by HPLC. All samples were analyzed by Waters SymmetryShield™ RP18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with gradient elution by acetonitrile(A)-water(B) (0-30 min, 25%-70%A; 30-50 min, 70%-90%A; 50-60 min, 90%A), the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1, the detection wavelength was set at 240 nm and the column temperature was 30 ℃. Zingerone, 6-gingerol, 8-gingerol, 6-shogaol, 10-gingerol, 8-shogaol and 10-shogaol was chosen as marker ingredients to establish HPLC fingerprint of carbonized ginger decoction pieces. Taking 6-gingerol as internal reference standard, the contents of zingerone, 6-shogaol, 10-gingerol, 8-shogaol and 10-shogaol were determined at the detection wavelength of 220 nm and 280 nm according to the relative correction factor. Result::The HPLC fingerprint of carbonized ginger was obtained and 10 common peaks were designated, and 7 of them were identified as zingerone, 6-gingerol, 8-gingerol, 6-shogaol, 10-gingerol, 8-shogaol and 10-shogaol, respectively. And there were no significant differences between the quantitative results of external standard method and QAMS. It is suggested that the content limits of carbonized ginger should be not less than 0.020%of zingerone (C11H14O3), 0.050%of 6-gingerol (C17H26O4), 0.120%of 6-shogaol (C17H24O3), 0.080%of 10-gingerol (C21H34O4), 0.030%of 8-shogaol (C19H28O3) and 0.050%of 10-shogaol (C21H32O3) calculated with reference to the dried products, respectively. Conclusion::The developed method is accurate and feasible, which can provide a simple and effective method for the quality control of carbonized ginger.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828727

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of severe type 7 adenovirus pneumonia in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of children who were diagnosed with severe type 7 adenovirus pneumonia from February to June, 2019.@*RESULTS@#Among the 45 children, the male/female ratio was 3:2 and the median age was 14 months. All children had repeated fever, cough, and pulmonary moist rales, and the mean duration of fever was 14±4 days. The median time from fever to dyspnea was 8 days, and the time from fever to mechanical ventilation was 11.6±2.5 d. There was no significant increase in white blood cell count, with neutrophils as the main type. There were slight reductions in hemoglobin and albumin, while platelet and fibrinogen remained normal. There were increases in aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, procalcitonin, and C-reaction protein. The detection rate of mixed pathogens was 84%. Effusion in both lungs was the major change on chest imaging (64%). Bronchoscopic manifestations were endobronchitis, tracheomalacia, and plastic bronchitis. The incidence rate of respiratory complications was 100%, and extrapulmonary complications mainly involved the circulatory system (47%), digestive system (36%), and nervous system (31%). Among the 45 children, 16 were administered with 400 mg/kg intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) daily for 5 days, with a mean duration of fever of 16±5 days, and 29 were administered with 1 g/kg IVIG daily for 2 days, with a mean duration of fever of 13±4 days; there was a significant difference in the mean duration of fever between the two groups (P=0.046). The overall mortality rate was 11%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Severe type 7 adenovirus pneumonia in children has severe conditions, with a high incidence rate of complications and a high mortality rate, so it should be diagnosed and treated as early as possible.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Bronchitis , Female , Fever , Humans , Infant , Male , Pneumonia, Viral , Retrospective Studies
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