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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935793


Objective: To investigate the detection of suspected occupational diseases and occupational contraindications for benzene workers in Tianjin. Methods: In June 2020, the occupational health inspection data of 16113 benzene workers in 514 enterprises with benzene hazards in 16 municipal districts in Tianjin from January to December 2019 were included in the analysis. Enterprise information included the employer's region, economic type, industry classification and enterprise scale. Occupational health inspection data for benzene workers during their on-the-job period included routine inspection indicators and benzene special inspection indicators. Multivariate unconditional logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between personal general information, occupational history, enterprise information and suspected benzene poisoning and occupational contraindications of benzene workers. Results: There were 16073 benzene workers in the normal group and 24 in the suspected benzene poisoning group. The detection rate of suspected benzene poisoning in females was higher than that in males (χ(2)=8.26, P=0.004) . There was no significant difference in the detection rates of suspected benzene poisoning among different dimensions such as age, length of service, occupational health inspection institution location, employer location, industry classification, economic type, and enterprise scale (P>0.05) . There were 16073 benzene workers in the normal group and 16 in the benzene contraindication group. The detection rate of benzene contraindications for workers in suburban areas where occupational health inspection institutions were located was higher than that in urban areas (χ(2)=9.71, P=0.002) , and there was no significant difference in the detection rates of contraindications for benzene in other dimensions (P>0.05) . Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that female benzene workers were more likely to detect suspected benzene poisoning (OR=3.53, 95%CI: 1.57-7.94, P=0.002) ; benzene workers who received physical examination in suburban occupational health inspection institutions (OR=5.81, 95%CI: 1.94-17.42, P=0.002) , the employer's area was in the suburbs (OR=9.68, 95%CI: 1.23-76.07, P=0.031) , and female workers (OR=3.07, 95%CI: 1.13-8.37, P=0.028) , it was easier to detect occupational contraindications. Conclusion: Female benzene workers with employers located in the suburbs have a higher risk of detecting occupational contraindications, and women are more likely to detect suspected benzene poisoning. The management of benzene operations in the production environment of enterprises in the suburbs of Tianjin and the occupational health monitoring of female workers should be strengthened.

Female , Humans , Male , Benzene/analysis , Industry , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Occupational Exposure/analysis , Occupational Health
Protein & Cell ; (12): 590-601, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757231


In the last decade, substantial progress has been made in understanding the molecular mechanisms involved in the initial host responses to viral infections. Herpesviral infections can provoke an inflammatory cytokine response, however, the innate pathogen-sensing mechanisms that transduce the signal for this response are poorly understood. In recent years, it has become increasingly evident that the Toll-like receptors (TLRs), which are germline-encoded pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), function as potent sensors for infection. TLRs can induce the activation of the innate immunity by recruiting specific intracellular adaptor proteins to initiate signaling pathways, which then culminating in activation of the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and interferon-regulatory factors (IRFs) that control the transcription of genes encoding type I interferon (IFN I) and other inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, activation of innate immunity is critical for mounting adaptive immune responses. In parallel, common mechanisms used by viruses to counteract TLR-mediated responses or to actively subvert these pathways that block recognition and signaling through TLRs for their own benefit are emerging. Recent findings have demonstrated that TLR2 plays a crucial role in initiating the inflammatory process, and surprisingly that the response TLR2 triggers might be overzealous in its attempt to counter the attack by the virus. In this review, we summarize and discuss the recent advances about the specific role of TLR2 in triggering inflammatory responses in herpesvirus infection and the consequences of the alarms raised in the host that they are assigned to protect.

Humans , Adaptive Immunity , Gene Expression Regulation , Allergy and Immunology , Herpesviridae , Physiology , Herpesviridae Infections , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Immune Evasion , Immunity, Innate , Interferon Regulatory Factors , Genetics , Metabolism , Interferon Type I , Allergy and Immunology , NF-kappa B , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Toll-Like Receptor 2 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 93-97, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356331


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) may cause serious morbidities, such as systemic hypertension, diabetes, and cor pulmonale. However, currently no many reports on study of OSAHS in children are available. This study aimed to explore the effects of OSAHS on children's multiple systems.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A total of 89 cases of children who came to the Sleep Treatment Center in the authors' hospital from March 2009 to December 2010 with snoring were tested with overnight polysomnography (PSG). They were classified into mild OSAHS group (n = 59, mean age of 5.71, SD = 2.46) and moderate to severe group (n = 30, mean age of 5.30, SD = 2.73) based on the PSG results, and 100 healthy children were selected as the control group (n = 100, mean age of 6 years, SD = 2.98). Data including height, weight, body mass index and blood pressure, peripheral blood routine, blood lipids, glucose and insulin, electrocardiogram and echocardiography were collected. Patients' adenoid face and abnormal occlusion were also recorded. Comparisons of the data were made among those groups.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Mild OSAHS and moderate to severe group had significantly higher prevalence of adenoid face (23.7%, 26.7%), and abnormal occlusion (74.6%, 60.0%) than that in control group (0, 40%) (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in terms of BMI between the OSAHS group and the control group, but the weight (kg) and height (cm) in the mild OSAHS group (23.3 ± 10.1, 114.9 ± 16.2) and moderate to severe group (21.9 ± 8.4, 110.8 ± 13.3) were lower than those of the control group (31.8 ± 10.1, 136.1 ± 15.1) (all P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the level of HDL-C (mmol/L)and insulin (mU/L) in moderate and severe group decreased [(1.20 ± 0.30) vs. (1.40 ± 0.27), 2.79 (0.84 - 16.16) vs. 4.92 (0.76 - 16.80), P < 0.05], while the LDL-C (mmol/L) increased [(2.61 ± 0.75) vs. (2.32 ± 0.62), P < 0.05]. The red blood cell counts (× 10(12)/L) and the blood platelet counts (× 10(9)/L) in the mild OSAHS (4.93 ± 0.37, 292.92 ± 75.64) and moderate and severe OSAHS group (5.23 ± 0.22, 292.50 ± 63.05) were significantly higher in contrast to the control group (4.70 ± 0.31, 255.60 ± 69.12) (all P < 0.05), systolic blood pressure (mmHg) in mild group (98.54 ± 10.44) and moderate to severe group (99.13 ± 19.13) was significantly higher compared to control group (87.88 ± 11.37), and the heart rate (beats/min) in moderate to severe group (94.43 ± 10.64) was higher than those in control group (87.12 ± 16.20) (all P < 0.05). The mild OSAHS and moderate and severe OSAHS group had decreased right ventricular internal diameter [(14.24 ± 1.64) mm, (13.17 ± 2.07) mm ], increased main pulmonary artery diameter [(17.05 ± 3.33) mm, (16.33 ± 3.14) mm] and the thickness of right ventricular wall [(3.43 ± 0.26) mm, (3.57 ± 0.20) mm] compared to control group [ (16.10 ± 2.96) mm, (14.11 ± 2.52) mm, (3.32 ± 0.25) mm] (all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>OSAHS in children may be associated with craniofacial malformations, and may contribute to slow growth and development, elevated blood viscosity and blood pressure, metabolic abnormalities, and change cardiac structure.</p>

Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Echocardiography , Insulin , Maxillofacial Abnormalities , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive