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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-948925

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect and mechanism of Dahuang Zhechong Pills(DHZCP), a classical prescription, in improving testicular aging(TA) in vivo, the authors randomly divided 24 male rats into four groups: the normal, model, DHZCP and vitamin E(VE) groups. The TA rat model was established by continuous gavage of D-galactose(D-gal). During the experiment, the rats in the DHZCP and VE groups were given DHZCP suspension and VE suspension, respectively by gavage, while those in the normal and model groups were gavaged saline separately every day. After the co-administration of D-gal and various drugs for 60 days, all rats were sacrificed, and their blood and testis were collected. Further, various indexes related to TA and necroptosis of testicular cells in the model rats were examined and investigated, which included the aging phenotype, total testicular weight, testicular index, histopathological features of testis, number of spermatogenic cells, sex hormone level, expression characteristics of reactive oxygen species(ROS) in testis, expression levels and characteristics of cyclins in testis, and protein expression levels of the key molecules in receptor-interacting serine/threonine-protein kinase 1(RIPK1)/receptor-interacting serine/threonine-protein kinase 3(RIPK3)/mixed lineage kinase domain like pseudokinase(MLKL) signaling pathway in each group. The results showed that, for the TA model rats, both DHZCP and VE improved their aging phenotype, total testicular weight, testicular index, pathological features of testis, number of spermatogenic cells, serum testosterone and follicle stimulating hormone levels, expression characteristics of ROS and protein expression levels and characteristics of P21 and P53 in testis. In addition, DHZCP and VE improved the protein expression levels of the key molecules in RIPK1/RIPK3/MLKL signaling pathway in testis of the model rats. Specifically, DHZCP was better than VE in the improvement of RIPK3. In conclusion, in this study, the authors found that DHZCP, similar to VE, ameliorated D-gal-induced TA in model rats in vivo, and its mechanism was related to reducing necroptosis of testicular cells by inhibiting the activation of RIPK1/RIPK3/MLKL signaling pathway. This study provided preliminary pharmacological evidence for the development and application of classical prescriptions in the field of men's health.


Subject(s)
Aging , Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Male , Necroptosis , Protein Kinases/genetics , Rats , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Receptor-Interacting Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/pharmacology , Serine/pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Testis , Threonine/pharmacology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906037

ABSTRACT

As the body ages, the immune system will undergo a series of changes, which are termed "immunosenescence" and are embodied in immune cells. Previous studies have shown that the immune cells involved in the regulation of immunosenescence include intrinsic immune cells and adaptive immune cells. Intrinsic immune cells are neutrophils, monocytes/macrophages, myeloid-derived suppressor cells, dendritic cells, natural killer cells, etc., and the underlying mechanisms involve the regulation of cell number, phagocytosis, chemotaxis, adhesion, the function of toll-like receptor (TLR), antigen presentation, macrophage polarization, cytotoxicity, migration, etc. The adaptive immune cells include T-lymphocytes and B-lymphocytes, and the underlying mechanisms involve the regulation of cell development, proliferation, differentiation, cell number, telomerase activity, self-reactive antibodies, etc. Immunosenescence is the manifestation of aging in the human body and is also an important target for delaying aging by Chinese medicine and western medicine. In recent years, scholars have found some classical prescriptions and their active components (such as Dushentang and total saponins in Panax ginseng leaves, and Shengmaiyin and anwulignan and total saponins in P. ginseng stems and leaves) can regulate immunosenescence by targeting the immune cells and interfering with their molecular regulatory mechanisms. In addition, the mechanisms of the classical prescriptions in regulating immunosenescence are closely related to autophagy. The representative prescription embodying the therapeutic principles of resolving blood stasis and promoting regeneration, Dahuang Zhechongwan, can delay D-galactose-induced renal aging in mice, and its underlying mechanisms are related to the regulation of the number and activity of thymic immune cells and improvement of the protein expression of autophagy-related markers and inflammatory cytokines in the kidney. Therefore, exploring the effects of the classical prescriptions and their active components by targeting the mechanisms of immunosenescence will become a new direction for investigating and developing anti-aging drugs.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888148

ABSTRACT

This study explored the in vivo effects and mechanisms of the modern classical prescription Supplemented Gegen Qinlian Decoction Formula(SGDF) against diabetic kidney disease(DKD). Sixty rats were randomly divided into the normal group, model group, SGDF group, and rosiglitazone(ROS) group. The modified DKD rat model was established by employing the following three methods: exposure to high-fat diet, unilateral nephrectomy, and intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin(STZ). After modeling, rats in the four groups were treated with double distilled water, SGDF suspension, and ROS suspension, respectively, by gavage every day. At the end of the 6 th week of drug administration, all the rats were sacrificed for collecting urine, blood, and kidney tissue, followed by the examination of rat general conditions, urine and blood biochemical indicators, glomerulosclerosis-related indicators, podocyte pyroptosis markers, insulin resistance(IR)-related indicators, and key molecules in the insulin receptor substrate(IRS) 1/phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase(PI3 K)/serine threonine kinase(Akt) signaling pathway. The results showed that SGDF and ROS improved the general conditions, some renal function indicators and glomerulosclerosis of DKD model rats without affecting the blood glucose(BG). Besides, they ameliorated the expression characteristics and levels of podocyte pyroptosis markers, alleviated IR, and up-regulated the protein expression levels of the key molecules in IRS1/PI3 K/Akt pathway to varying degrees. In conclusion, similar to ROS, SGDF relieves DKD by targeting multiple targets in vivo. Specifically, it exerts the therapeutic effects by alleviating podocyte pyroptosis and IR. This study has preliminarily provided the pharmacological evidence for the research and development of new drugs for the treatment of DKD based on SGDF.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Nephropathies/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Insulin Resistance , Podocytes , Pyroptosis , Rats
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878863

ABSTRACT

Fucoidan(FPS) is an effective component of the Chinese patent medicine named Haikun Shenxi, which treats schronic renal failure in clinics, and has the potential anti-aging effects. However, it is still unclear whether FPS can improve renal aging, especially the molecular mechanism of its anti-aging. The human proximal renal tubular epithelial cells(HK-2) in vitro were divided into normal group(N), D-gal model group(D), low dose of FPS group(L-FPS), high dose of FPS group(H-FPS) and vitamin E group(VE), and treated by the different measures, respectively. More specifically, the HK-2 cells in each group were separately treated by 1 mL of 1% fetal bovine serum(FBS) or D-galactose(D-gal, 75 mmol·L~(-1)) or D-gal(75 mmol·L~(-1))+FPS(25 μg·mL~(-1)) or D-gal(75 mmol·L~(-1))+FPS(50 μg·mL~(-1)) or D-gal(75 mmol·L~(-1))+VE(50 μg·mL~(-1)). After the treatment for 24 h, firstly, the effects of D-gal on senescence-associated β-galactosidase(SA-β-gal) staining characteristics and klotho, P53 and P21 protein expression le-vels, as well as adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase(AMPK)-uncoordinated 51-like kinase 1(ULK1) signaling pathway activation in the HK-2 cells were detected, respectively. Secondly, the effects of FPS and VE on SA-β-gal staining characteristics and klotho, P53 and P21 protein expression levels in the HK-2 cells exposed to D-gal were investigated, respectively. Finally, the effects of FPS and VE on microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3(LC3) protein expression level and AMPK-ULK1 signaling pathway activation in the HK-2 cells exposed to D-gal were examined severally. The results indicated that, for the HK-2 cells, the dose of 75 mmol·L~(-1) D-gal could induce the changes of SA-β-gal staining characteristics and klotho, P53 and P21 protein expression levels. That is causing cells aging. FPS and VE could both ameliorate the changes of SA-β-gal staining characteristics and klotho, P53 and P21 protein expression levels in the HK-2 cells exposed to D-gal. That is anti-cells aging, here, the functions of FPS and VE are similar. D-gal could not only induce cell aging but also increase LC3Ⅱ, phosphorylated-AMPK(p-AMPK) and phosphorylated-ULK1(p-ULK1) protein expressions, and activate autophagy-related AMPK-ULK1 signaling pathway. FPS and VE could both improve the changes of LC3Ⅱ, p-AMPK and p-ULK1 protein expression levels in the HK-2 cells exposed to D-gal. That is inhibiting autophagy-related AMPK-ULK1 signaling pathway activation. On the whole, for the human proximal renal tubular epithelial cells aging models induced by D-gal, FPS similar to VE, can ameliorate renal cells aging by possibly inhibiting autophagy-related AMPK-ULK1 signaling pathway activation. This finding provides the preliminary pharmacologic evidences for FPS protecting against renal aging.


Subject(s)
Aging , Autophagy , Epithelial Cells , Humans , Polysaccharides , Signal Transduction
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878843

ABSTRACT

To observe the multi-targeted therapeutic effects of Huangkui Capsules(HKC)on insulin resistance(IR)and urine microalbumin in the early diabetic kidney disease(DKD)patients. The case data from the 83 DKD patients at G2 and A2 stage were collected respectively and analyzed retrospectively. According to the different treatment,all patients were divided into the control(A)group(40 cases)and the treated(B)group(43 cases). Among them,the A group patients were received "routine basic treatment";the B group patients were received "routine basic treatment+HKC". For the 2 group patients,firstly,the baseline parameters before receiving the treatment were compared respectively,and then,the changes of the total scores of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndromes and the indicators of IR,urine protein,renal function,blood lipids and safety after receiving the treatment for 8 weeks were compared,respectively. Furthermore,for the all patients,the correlation analysis between IR and urine protein or IR and the total scores of TCM syndromes was carried out,respectively. The results showed that,for the B group patients received "routine basic treatment",their total scores of TCM syndromes,urine protein indicators including urine microalbumin(micro-UAlb) and urine microalbumin/urinary creatinine(UACR),IR indicators including fasting serum insulin(FIN)and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance(HOMA-IR)were significantly improved,respectively. For the all DKD patients,before and after the treatment,the main IR indicators(FIN and HOMA-IR)were positively correlated with urine protein indicators(micro-UAlb and UACR). The main IR indicators(FIN and HOMA-IR) were also positively correlated with the total scores of TCM syndromes. In addition,2 treatments had no significant effects on renal function,blood lipids and safety indicators in the all DKD patients. Overall, "routine basic treatment+HKC" can ameliorate IR and reduce urine microalbumin in the early DKD patients. Its therapeutic targets may be not only proteinuria,but also IR,which is the upstream risk factor of proteinuria.


Subject(s)
Albuminuria , Capsules , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Nephropathies , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Insulin , Insulin Resistance , Kidney , Retrospective Studies
6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1253-1257, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637793

ABSTRACT

AIM:To evaluate the optic nerve and axon impairment of relapsing - remitting multiple sclerosis ( RRMS) and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders ( NMOSD ) via detecting the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) and the ganglion cell complex( GCC) thickness by optic coherence tomography(OCT). METHODS: Retrospective case control study. Two hundred three cases were collected from August 2014 to January 2016 in Beijing Tian Tan Hospital. They were divided into four groups, including the normal group (n=60), the RRMS group ( n = 60 ), the NMOSD anti -aquaporin- 4 autoantibody seropositive( NMOSD- AQP4 -Ab seropositive) group (n= 48), and the NMOSD-AQP4-Abseronegative group (n = 35). All people were detected for the average and four quadrants ( superior, inferior, nasal, temporal) of pRNFL thickness and the average and two quadrants (superior, inferior) of GCC thickness with OCT. One way analysis of variance or nonparametric tests was used to compare the differences of pRNFL and GCC thickness between groups. RESULTS: Comparing with the normal group, the average and all quadrants of pRNFL and GCC thickness in the RRMS, the NMOSD - AQP4 - Ab seropositive and the NMOSD-AQP4-Ab seronegative group were thinner (P 0. 05); compared with the RRMS group, the superior pRNFL thickness in the NMOSD - AQP4 - Ab seronegative group was significantly thinner ( P 0. 05 ). Differences between groups in the GCC thickness: compared with both the RRMS and the NMOSD- AQP4- Ab seronegative group, all quadrants of GCC thickness in the NMOSD -AQP4-Ab seropositive group were significantly thinner (P0.05). CONCLUSION: The optic nerve and axon impairment in NMOSD - AQP4 - Ab seropositive group was the most severe and the impairment in RRMS group was the least severe. The impairment in NMOSD - AQP4 - Ab seronegative group was between the former two, and could be more similar to that of RMMS.

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