Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 8 de 8
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 913-921, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694009

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genetic data of the 19 X-STR loci in three ethnicities of China ( Han, Gelao,Miao) and to evaluate the application in forensic science.Methods The DNA samples of unrelated individ-ual in Han (n=308), Gelao (n=398), Miao (n=323) ethnicities were amplified using MicroreaderTM19X ID System kit, and the PCR products were analyzed by electrophoresis through 3500XL genetic analyzer. The fragment sizes of alleles were taken subsequently by GeneMapper? ID-X. Allele frequencies and national genetics parameters of the 19 X-STR were analyzed by statistics. The allele frequencies were compared among the three nationalities and were compared with available data of other Han ethnicities from different regions. Results After the Bonferroni correction at a 95% significance level, no significant departures from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was observed. Linkage disequilibrium test showed no significant allelic association between all 19 X-STR loci after Bonferroni’s correction. The cumulative discrimination power in females and in males were greater than 0.999 999 999 99 and 0.999 999 999 94,respectively. The combined power of exclusion in trios and in duos were greater than 0.999 999 999 36 and 0.999 999 52,respectively. The p values,calculated throuth Arle-quin v3.5 software,there were significantly different as detected at loci of X-STR among the different nationalities. Conclusions This panel of X-STR is highly polymorphic in China’s three ethnicities and can be served as a supple-mentary to the current STR system for individual identification.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232223

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate polymorphisms and forensic efficiency of 22 non-binary single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred ethnic Han Chinese individuals were recruited from Dongguan, Guangdong. The 22 loci were genotyped with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Nine loci were found with a single allele, 4 loci were found to be biallelic, whilst 9 loci were found to have 3 alleles. For 13 polymorphic loci, the combined discrimination power and power of exclusion were 0.999 98 and 0.9330, respectively. For the 9 non-biallelic loci, the combined discrimination power and power of exclusion were 0.9998 and 0.8956, respectively. For motherless cases, the combined power of exclusion was 0.6405 for 13 polymorphic SNPs and 0.6405 for 9 non-binary SNPs.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Non-binary loci have a greater discrimination power and exclusion power per SNP.</p>


Subject(s)
Alleles , Asians , Genetics , China , Female , Gene Frequency , Genetic Load , Genetics, Population , Genotype , Humans , Male , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349006

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To obtain the polymorphism data of six short tandem repeat (STR) loci, i.e. D9S925, D11S2368, D14S608, D15S659, D17S1290 and D20S470, in Chinese Han population in Shanxi province, and to evaluate the usefulness of the polymorphism data in forensic science.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The D9S925, D11S2368, D14S608, D17S1290 and D20S470 primers were synthesized according to GenBank, while the D15S659 primers were self-designed. These primers were used to amplify DNA from 194 unrelated individuals collected from Shanxi Han population. Then the amplified fragments were separated by electrophoresis in 3130 Genetic Analyzer. GeneMapper3.2 software was used to analyze the results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The distributions of genotypes for the six STR loci were in accordance with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The polymorphism information content (PIC) of the six STR loci were from 0.750 to 0.860, and the heterozygosity ranged from 0.756 to 0.894, and the discrimination power were from 0.920 to 0.965, and the probability of exclusion were from 0.519 to 0.784. The combined probability of exclusion and the combined discrimination power were 0.9988 and 0.99999998, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The data indicated that D9S925, D11S2368, D14S608, D15S659, D17S1290 and D20S470 loci have high probability of exclusion and discrimination power. They can be used as genetic markers in forensic test and personal identification.</p>


Subject(s)
Asians , Genetics , China , Ethnology , Ethnicity , Ethnology , Genetics , Genetic Loci , Genetics , Genotype , Humans , Microsatellite Repeats , Genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308036

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the genetic polymorphisms of 11 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (Y-STR) loci in 484 male individuals from two minority populations, the Hui and Xibe, of Liaoning province, and to evaluate their forensic application values and genetic relationships with other 15 populations of China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eleven Y-STR loci in all samples were amplified with PowerPlex Y System, and the PCR products were analyzed by 310 Genetic Analyzer. Cluster analysis and neighbor-joining tree were applied to show the genetic distance among the populations.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In Hui people, 187 haplotypes were identified, and the overall haplotype diversity value was 0.9990. The gene diversity values (GD) for each locus ranged from 0.4783(DYS437) to 0.9679(DYS385a/b); In Xibe people, 237 haplotypes were identified, and the overall haplotype diversity value was 0.9984. The GD value for each locus ranged from 0.3618(DYS391) to 0.9686(DYS385a/b). Comparing with 15 reference populations, the genetic distance between the Hui and Xibe was the nearest (0.0257), and that between the Hui and Yi was the farthest (0.1046), while the genetic distance between Xibe and Korean was also the farthest (0.0978). The NJ tree was similar to the results of clustering analysis and all the 17 populations were clustered into 3 groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The genetic distribution of the 11 Y-STR loci in Liaoning Hui and Xibe ethnic groups showed favorable polymorphisms, therefore are suitable for forensic identification and paternity testing in the local area. The study of haplotype diversity among different populations is useful in understanding their origins, migrations and their relationships.</p>


Subject(s)
Asians , Genetics , China , Chromosomes, Human, Y , Ethnicity , Classification , Genetics , Genetics, Population , Haplotypes , Humans , Male , Minority Groups , Phylogeny , Polymorphism, Genetic , Tandem Repeat Sequences , Genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308034

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the genetic polymorphisms of 11 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (STR) loci in Chongqing Tujia population, and to evaluate their forensic application values and genetic relationships with the other 16 populations of China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eleven Y-STR loci in 215 unrelated Tujia individuals from Chongqing were amplified with PowerPlex Y System, and the PCR products were analyzed by 310 Genetic Analyzer. Cluster analysis and phylogenic trees were applied to show the genetic distance among the populations.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 195 haplotypes were identified and the overall haplotypes diversity for the 11 Y-STR loci was 0.9942. The gene diversity values (GD) for each locus ranged from 0.3757 (DYS391) to 0.9170 (DYS385a/b). Comparing with other 16 populations, the genetic distance between Tujia and Tibetan was the nearest (0.02467), that between the Tujia and Korean ethnic groups was the farthest (0.25350).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The genetic distribution of the 11 Y-STR loci in Chongqing Tujia population showed favorable polymorphisms. They are suitable for forensic identification and paternity testing in the local area. The study of genetic diversity among different populations is useful in understanding their origins, migrations and their relationships.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Ethnology , Chromosomes, Human, Y , Ethnicity , Ethnology , Genetics , Genetic Variation , Humans , Male , Microsatellite Repeats , Genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Population Groups , Genetics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247318

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study genetic polymorphisms of 20 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (STR) in Chaoshan Han population, and to evaluate their value in forensic science.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty Y-specific STR loci (DYS434, Y-GATA-A10, Y-GATA-H4, DYS438, DYS439, DYS443, DYS444, DYS446, DYS447, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS460, DYS520, DYS531, DYS557, DYS622, DYS630, DYS635 and DYS709) were amplified by using three fluorescence-labeled multiplex PCR systems and were analyzed by ABI310 genetic analyzer. One hundred and fifty-eight unrelated male individuals of Han population in Chaoshan area were investigated to determine the distribution of allele frequencies and haplotype.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The Y-STR multiplexes developed had followed the published nomenclature and ISFG guidelines for STR analysis. Gene diversity ranged from 0.2506 at DYS434 to 0.8034 at DYS447. A total of 157 different haplotypes were observed, and among these, 156 were unique, while 1 was found for two times. The haplotype diversity value calculated from all 20 loci combined was 0.999998. None of Y-STR allele mutation was observed in the 30 father/ son pairs confirmed by autosomal STR analysis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results indicate that the 20 Y-STR loci are highly polymorphic and fathership genealogy inheritance are stable. The three fluorescence-labeled multiplex amplification systems that we constructed are suitable for forensic individual identification and paternity testing in Chaoshan area.</p>


Subject(s)
Asians , Genetics , China , Chromosomes, Human, Y , Genetics , Ethnicity , Genetics , Female , Fluorescence , Forensic Genetics , Gene Amplification , Genetics , Gene Frequency , Haplotypes , Genetics , Humans , Male , Microsatellite Repeats , Genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Software
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321162

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To solve the problems in the accuracy and standardization of short tandem repeats-polymerase chain reaction (STR-PCR) typing, the authors adopted the molecular clone technology in producing the standard allelic ladders of D1S1676, D2S2735, D11S1977 and D22S444 loci and applied them in a population study on the Hans in Chengdu, China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PCR was used to produce several different allelic fragments of these loci. PCR products were eluted from the gel and re-amplified by PCR. The purified allelic fragments were then blunt-end subcloned individually into the pGEMR-T plasmid vectors and the recombinant were transfected into competent E.coli DH5alpha TM cells. The results of sequencing confirmed that the size and the construction of the inserts were correct. The recombinant plasmids DNA with the inserts were then used as template for re-amplification to generate the four loci standard ladders.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The authors succeeded in producing large quantity of standard allelic ladder of these four loci, with which the genetic polymorphisms of these loci in Chengdu Han population of China were studied.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This method is of high value for forensic DNA typing to construct standard ladders. D1S1676, D2S2735 loci are robust for forensic analysis in Chinese Han population, whereas the value of D11S1977 and D22S444 loci is limited.</p>


Subject(s)
Alleles , Asians , Genetics , China , Genetics, Population , Methods , Humans , Microsatellite Repeats , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Genetic
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321109

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To add DXS7133, GATA198A10, DXS9896 and DXS6797 to the panel of forensically validated X chromosome markers, and apply the multiplex amplification system to a population study and forensic analysis on the Hans of Chengdu.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The PCR products were detected by the polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and silver staining method. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium of females was tested and every forensically interested value was calculated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Sequencing revealed that their common sequence motifs were tetranucleotide repeats. Population genetic data were obtained by analyzing 120 unrelated females and 100 males from Chengdu Han ethnic group. In this population, DXS7133, GATA198A10, DXS9896 and DXS6797 exhibited 6, 6, 11, 8 distinguishable alleles respectively. Chi-square test demonstrated that genotype frequencies in females did not depart from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Power of discrimination for female samples for the four loci were 0.7962, 0.8021, 0.9675, and 0.9444. The parentage testing in 32 cases revealed a typical X-linked inheritance and no mutations.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DXS7133, GATA198A10, DXS9896 and DXS6797, which are highly polymorphic in Chengdu Han population, are appropriate for individual identification and paternity testing involving a female child.</p>


Subject(s)
Asians , Genetics , Chi-Square Distribution , China , Chromosomes, Human, X , Genetics , Female , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Humans , Male , Microsatellite Repeats , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Genetic , Genetics
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL