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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932893

ABSTRACT

Objective:To automatically synthesize Al 18F-1, 4, 7-triazacyclononane-1, 4, 7-triacetic acid (NOTA)-fibroblast activation protein inhibitor (FAPI)-04, perform PET/CT imaging in vivo, and evaluate its diagnostic efficacy on tumors. Methods:Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 was produced in All-in-one automatic synthesis module and its quality control was conducted by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) equipped with a radioactive detector. Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 PET/CT imaging was performed in normal BALB/c mice ( n=3) and 4T1 breast cancer models ( n=3) to determine its biodistribution. Then Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 and 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging were performed in a hepatocellular carcinoma patient (male, 51 years old). Results:The synthesis time of Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 was about 35 min, and the radiochemical yield was (25.2±1.9)% (attenuation correction, n=3). The product was colorless transparent solution with pH value of 7.0-7.5, and the specific activity was (46.11±3.07) GBq/μmol (attenuation correction, n=3). The radiochemical purity was above 99.0% and was still above 98.0% at room temperature after 6 h. PET/CT imaging in mice showed that physiological uptake of Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 was mainly in biliary system and bladder, and Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 highly concentrated in tumor xenografts. PET/CT imaging in the patient showed that Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 obtained high tumor background ratio (TBR) values of 4.1, 8.9, 5.4, 4.8, 2.2 in parasternal lymph nodes, anterior diaphragmatic lymph nodes, hilar lymph nodes, pancreaticoduodenal ligament lymph nodes, abdominal aortic lymph nodes, respectively, while TBR values were 1.0, 2.8, 5.0, 2.1, 1.1 by 18F-FDG. Conclusions:Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 can be synthesized with short time, high radiochemical yield and good stability using All-in-one module. Al 18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 PET/CT imaging has high contrast and excellent diagnostic efficacy on tumors.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707737

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the renal peripheral inflow perfusion in patients with liver cirrhosis by region of interest ( ROI) quantification of color Doppler technique . Methods Fifty-eight patients with cirrhosis with normal renal function were selected as the case group ,and classified into A grade ( 10 cases) , B grade (23 cases) and C grade ( 25 cases) according to Child-Pugh classification criteria . Thirty healthy volunteers were selected as the control group .Resistance index ( RI) of interlobar artery and interlobular artery were measured in all groups . The blood flow of renal cortical was analyzed using ROI quantification in the corresponding region ,and vascular index ( VI) ,flow index ( FI) ,vascularization flow index ( VFI) were obtained . Results ① Patients of B grade group and C grade group in the cirrhosis group showed sparser corical blood flow and slender blood vessels . ②No statistical difference were found in the resistance index of the renal interlobaries and interlobular arteries between A grade group and control group ( P >0 .05) ,the RI of renal interlobar arteries and interlobular arteries in B grade group and C grade group were significantly higher ( P <0 .01) . Compared with the A grade group ,the RI of renal interlobar arteries and interlobular arteries in B grade group and C grade group increased evidently ( P < 0 .01).The RI of renal interlobar arteries and intralobular arteries between B grade groupand C grade group showed no statistical difference (P>0 .05).③Compared with the control group ,the VI ,FI ,and VFI of A ,B ,and C grade groups declined obviously ( P < 0 .05).With the increase of cirrhosis grade ,VI ,FI and VFI gradually decreased ,and the difference among the three groups were statistically significant ( P < 0 .05 ).Conclusions Patients with cirrhosis have showed a reduction in renal peripheral vascular bed and blood perfusion earlier than laboratory tests for renal dysfunction .ROI quantification of Color Doppler technique can sensitively assess changes of early renal peripheral blood perfusion in patients with cirrhosis .

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618356

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore influence of rehabilitative exercise on left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), diastolic function and blood pressure in patients with hypertension.Methods: A total of 120 patients diagnosed as essential hypertension complicated LVH in our hospital were enrolled.They were randomly and equally divided into routine treatment group (received routine antihypertensive treatment) and rehabilitative exercise group (received rehabilitative exercise based on routine antihypertensive medication).Blood pressure control rate on four, eight and 12 weeks after treatment, color Doppler echocardiographic outcomes before and 12 weeks after treatment were compared between two groups.Results: Blood pressure control rate after 12 weeks in rehabilitative exercise group was significantly higher than that of routine treatment group (76.7% vs.58.3%, P=0.03).Echocardiography indicated that compared with before treatment, there were significant improvements in left ventricular diastolic function and LVH indexes except left ventricular end-diastolic dimension in both groups after treatment, P0.05 all.Conclusion: Rehabilitative exercise training can significantly improve blood pressure control rate in patients with essential hypertension.Short-medium term exercise training fails to significantly improve left ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic function than routine treatment group, the effect of long-term training needs to be confirmed by more researches.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615882

ABSTRACT

Objective Study on 60 cases of advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients in the Apa imatinib mesylateadverse reactions after treatment , and to develop nursing methods for these adverse reactions. Methods Non-small cell lung cancer patients who were treated in our hospital from September 2015 to September 2016 were treated with Apa imatinib mesylate and observed the adverse reactions during the course of treatment. Results Adverse reactions occurred in 45 patients, and the incidence of adverse reactions was 75.00%.29 cases of patients with skin rash, 24 cases occurred in patients with hypertension, 30 cases of patients with diarrhea, nausea and vomiting occurred in 21 patients, 5 cases occurred in patients with proteinuria, 7 cases of patients with oral mucositis.Conclusion Non-small cell lung cancer patients had adverse reactions after treatment with Apa imatinib mesylate and nursing intervention can improve the quality of life of patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492947

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To examine the reversal effect of desipramine (DMI) on resistance to temozolomide(TMZ) in U251/TR cells and explore its mechanism. METHODS U251/TR cells were exposed to DMI (20-80μmol · L-1) or TMZ (0.5-10 mmol · L-1) for 24 h, cell viability was determined by cell counting kit-8 assay with IC50 calculated. The cytotoxicity of U251/TR cells treated with TMZ (1 or 2 mmol·L-1) in combination with DMI (20, 30 or 40 μmol · L-1) for 24 h was detected using CCK-8 assay. Synergism between DMI and TMZ was analyzed by the JIN Zheng-jun method. Apoptosis of U251/TR cells induced by TMZ 1 mmol · L-1, DMI 30 μmol · L-1,or their combination was examined by Hoechst33258 stains and caspase 3 activity was detected by luminescence analysis. Expression of C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) was measured using quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting. The survival rate of U251/TR cells treated with TMZ 1 mmol·L-1 and/or DMI 30μmol·L-1 was also assessed after silencing CHOP expression by small interference RNA (siRNA). RESULTS DMI or TMZ alone inhibited the growth of U251/TR cells significantly in a concentration-dependent manner (r 2=0.983,0.982,P1.15), ie, compared with TMZ alone, TMZ (1 mmol·L-1) com?bined with DMI (30 μmol · L-1) produced significant nuclear fragmentation and condensation (P< 0.05). In addition, DMI and TMZ in combination activated caspase 3 activity in U251/TR cells (P<0.05). Knock?down of CHOP by specific siRNA attenuated the synergistic effect of DMI in the presence of TMZ, the survival rate of the combined drug group raised from 51.8%to 62.2%(P<0.05). CONCLUSION The results suggest that DMI reverse resistance of U251/TR cells to TMZ through activation of the CHOP-depend?ently apoptosis pathway.

6.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 31-33, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452926

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of rehabilitation training on self-care ability of patients with senile dementia. Methods One hundred and one senile dementia patients were divided into two groups with 53 cases in experimental group receiving targeted rehabilitation training besides routine nursing and 48 in control group only receiving routine nursing.Self-care ability of patients in the two groups was comparatively evaluated according to the activity of daily living scale (ADL).Result The ADL score and the total score of the experimental group were both higher than those of the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion Rehabilitation training according to the specific conditions of patients with senile dementia can improve their self-care ability in adapting to the society, delaying the progress of the disease and improving the quality of life.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432001

ABSTRACT

Objective Compared with haloperidol treatment,naloxone and naloxone combined haloperidol treatments were assessed in their efficacy and safety for excited type delirium in elderly.Methods The elderly patients with delirium were divided into haloperidol treatment (H),naloxone treatment (N) and combined treatment (C) in a prospective randomized controlled design.Delirium score scale (DSS) was used before and after treatments respectively.Clinical global impression scale-severity of illness (CGI-SI) score was evaluated daily to assess the onset time and improvement of delirium.Agitation-calmness evaluation scale (ACES) observed calmness effect in agitated patients before and after every medication intervention.Treatment emergent symptom scale (TESS) assessed side effects of all medications.Results The duration of three groups(H(4.0 ±2.9)d,N(4.2± 3.5) d,C (3.2 ± 3.2) d) had no significant difference (P > 0.05) by multiple comparison.Compared the onset time of three groups (H (2.4 ± 1.6) d,N (2.4 ± 1.4) d,C (1.3 ± 0.9) d),the combined group was faster than the other two groups (all P < 0.05),no significant difference between the two groups(P > 0.05).DSS scores had no significant differences (P> 0.05) in three groups before treatment,so did CGI-SI scores.In the end,DSS scores were(H:18.8 ± 11.5,N:27.7 ± 7.2,C:29.5 ± 5.6) respectively.Statistically naloxone group and combined group with no significant difference (P > 0.05),were better than the haloperidol group (all P < 0.01) in recovery.At the same time CGI-SI scores were (H:3.3 ± 1.5,N:2.5 ± 1.5,C:1.8 ± 0.9) respectively.Statistically combined group was better than the haloperidol group (P < 0.01),and no significant difference with naloxone group (P > 0.05).Three groups had no significant difference in ACES scores (P > 0.05) before and after medication interventions(H:5.9 ± 1.6,N:6.2 ± 1.8,C:6.4 ± 1.6) (P > 0.05).Haloperidol group had 4 cases of extrapyramidal symptom evaluated by TESS and combined group had 2 cases.Two groups had no significant difference (Chisquare test P > 0.05) in extrapyramidal symptom incidence.The naloxone group showed no side effects.Conclusion Naloxone combined haloperidol is slight better than naloxone,more than haloperidol in terms of efficacy.Haloperidol equally with combined medication showed more side effects than naloxone.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441492

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the blood pressure,heart rate,the US national institutes of health stroke scale(NIHSS) score,Glasgow coma scale(GCS) score for cerebral infarction patients with cerebral hemorrhage after recombinant human tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) therapy.Methods From April 2011 to April 2013,48 cases with cerebral infarction after intravenous rt-PA thrombolysis were collected.These cases were divided into two groups:the first group (32 cases):without cerebral hemorrhage after thrombolysis; the second group (16 cases):with cerebral hemorrhage after thrombolysis.The systolic blood pressure,diastolic blood pressure,heart rote,NIHSS score and GCS score were compared between the two groups before and after thrombolysis.Results After thrombolysis,the systolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly increased in cerebral hemorrhage cases compared with before thrombolysis and patients without cerebral hemorrhage.After thrombolysis,the NIHSS score was significantly reduced in the cases without cerebral hemorrhage compared with that before thrombolysis,while the NIHSS score was significantly higher in the cases with cerebral hemorrhage compared with that before thrombolysis.After thrombolysis,the heart rate and GCS score showed no significant difference between the patients with and without cerebral hemorrhage.Conclusions The rising of systolic blood pressure,diastolic blood pressure and NIHSS score helps us determine the early cerebral hemorrhage after thrombolysis in cerebral infarction patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 129-130, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424453

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo detect the mutations of GJB3 and GJB4 genes in two sporadic cases of erythrokeratodermia variabilis(EKV).MethodsGenomic DNA was extracted from two sporadic patients with EKV,their family members,and 100 normal human controls.All the exons and adjacent splice sites of GJB3 and GJB4 genes were amplified by PCR.Mutation scanning was carried out via direct bidirectional DNA sequencing.ResultsA G134C mutation was found at the GJB3 gene in patient 1,which caused a substitution of glycine by alanine at codon 45 (G45A).No mutation was found in the GJB4 gene in case 1 or GJB3 and GJB4 genes in case 2.ConclusionA missence mutation G45A in GJB3 gene is found in a patient with EKV.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-748100

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Analyzing the clinical manifestation, diagnosis and management of isolated sphenoiditis in children, retrospectively, was to get more information of the disease and to supply correct treatment early.@*METHOD@#The symptoms, signs and imaging data of seventeen cases with isolated sphenoiditis hospitalized in our department from June 2001 to January 2010 were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULT@#Nine out of seventeen patients had the chief complaint of headache, three patients had blood in nasal discharge and had a fever, and five patients had postnasal drip with headache and a slight fever. The disease lasted for three months to one year. Five patients showed nasal discharge in rhinologic examination, one patient had solitary polyps in sphenoethmoid recess, eight patients had adenoid hypertrophy and the last three patients showed no positive signs. CT scan or MRI revealed opacification in sphenoid sinus. Eight patients received normative antibiotic therapy and were cured. The rest nine patients received endoscopic sinus surgery. The complaints relieved after the surgery and there was no signs of recurrence in 1 to 5 years of follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#Headache can be the chief and unique symptom of isolated sphenoiditis in children, which was easy to misdiagnose and miss diagnosis. CT or MRI was the evidence of diagnosis. Antibiotic therapy could be used for acute sphenoiditis. Patients with chronic sphenoiditis should receive endoscopic sinus surgery as early as better. From supraturbinal to sphenoid sinus natural ostia is the best way in sphenoidotomy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Male , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Sphenoid Sinus , Pathology , Sphenoid Sinusitis , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384868

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyse the possible risk factors associated with the progression of vitiligo.Methods A questionnaire survey was carried out to collect the clinical data on 1088 patients with vitiligo.The relationship between possible inducements to the progression of vitiligo and lesion area was statistically analyzed in patients with the same clinical course of vitiligo. Paired t test was performed to compare the mean area index of involvement between patients with inducements and those without Results A significant difference was observed in the mean area index of involvement between patients with isomorphic response and those without (t = 6.770, P < 0.01 ) as well as between patients negatively affected by psychiatric factors and those unaffected (t = 6.704, P < 0.01 ), but not between patients with family history and those without (t = 1.499,P > 0.05). Conclusion A rapid progression of vitiligo is more likely to be observed in patients negatively affected by psychiatric factors and patients with isomorphic response.

12.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 234-236, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401236

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the clinical features of childhood vitiligo in Han nationality.Methods A standardized questionnaire was used to clinically investigate 396 cases of vitiligo in patients aged less than 12 years;825 adult patients with vitiligo served as controls.Data analysis was done by SPSS 10.0.Results In child patients with vitiligo,46.2% were males,and 53.8%females;there was no statistically significant difference in gender ratio between the childhood and adult groups(P<0.05).The incidence of segmental vitiligo was 33.3%in children,significantly higher than that in adult patients(13.5%).On the contrary,the incidence of generalized vitiligo was significantly lower in children han in adult patients(4.3%vs 11.6%).A family history of vitiligo was observed in 12.4%of children,and in 12.7% of adults,withoutsignificant difference between the two groups.For both childhood and adult vitiligo patients,the incidence of vitiligo was significantly higher in firSt-degree relatives than in second-degree relatives.The most common precipitating factor of childhood vitiligo was trauma.The incidence of halo nevi was higher in patients with childhood vitiligo compared to patients with adult vitiligo,while thyroid disease was seen more frequently in adult patients.Conclusion There are some differences in clinical characteristics of vitiligo between children and adults.

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