Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 40
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 839-843, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994775

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics and genetic variants of children with hepatic Wilson disease (WD).Methods:The clinical data and genetic test results of 35 children, who were diagnosed as WD with primary hepatic manifestation in the Department of Gastroenterology, Children′s Hospital of Capital Institute of Pediatrics from March 2018 to March 2022, were retrospectively analyzed. The relationship between phenotype and genotype of patients was analyzed.Results:Among 35 children, there were 24 males and 11 females with a median age at diagnosis of 5.5 (4.0, 7.5) years. All patients had elevated transaminases. The elevated transaminases was found during routine physical examination in 33 cases (94.3%), in whom there was no fever, cough, recurrent vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, jaundice, limb tremor, gait instability and other discomfort 2 weeks before admission, except 1 case with nausea; abdominal ultrasonography showed that 5 cases (15.2%) had no abnormality, and others had different degrees of hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, and echo enhancement in liver parenchyma. Among the remaining 2 cases, one 11-year-old child presented with edema, and had cirrhosis portal hypertension with esophageal varices; another 7-year-old child was diagnosed as acute liver failure manifested with nausea and jaundice. Thirty three patients(94.3%)had decreased serum ceruloplasmin levels (<100 mg/L); 24-h urinary copper concentration was>100 μg in 16 cases (45.7%) and<40 μg in 2 cases (5.7%). The tests of hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, cytomegalovirus and EB virus were all negative in 35 children, and the autoimmune hepatitis antibodies were also negative. A total of 34 different ATP7B gene mutations were detected; the most frequent mutation was c.2333G>T (P.R778L) at exon 8, followed by c.2621C>T(p.A874V)at exon 11 and c.2621C>T(p.A874V)at exon 13. There was no significant difference in clinical phenotype between patients with nonsense mutation, frameshift mutation or splicing mutation and those with only missense mutations( Z=-1.00, t=-0.16, Z=-1.14, Z=-1.03,all P>0.05). Conclusions:The onset of WD in children is obscure, and clinicians should consider this disease in patients presenting with elevated transaminase. Ceruloplasmin and urine copper should be tested timely, the early diagnosis and treatment can improve the prognosis. And there is no significant correlation between genotype and clinical phenotype.

2.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 397-402, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989103

ABSTRACT

Objective:In order to explore the impact of corona virus disease 2019(COVID-19)on the hospitalization of children with bronchiolitis and to improve clinicians′ understanding of the characteristics of bronchiolitis during the COVID-19 epidemic.Methods:This was a multicenter clinical study, and the data have been collected from 23 children′s medical centers in China.All the clinical data were retrospectively collected from children with bronchiolitis who were hospitalized at each study center from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2021.The results included gender, age at hospitalization, length of stay, respiratory syncytial virus(RSV) test results, severity rating, ICU treatment, and the total number of children hospitalized with respiratory tract infection during the same period.The clinical data of children with bronchiolitis in 2019 before COVID-19 epidemic and in 2020、2021 during COVID-19 epidemic were statistically analyzed and compared.Results:According to a summary of data provided by 23 children′s medical centers, there were 4 909 cases of bronchiolitis in 2019, 2 654 cases in 2020, and 3 500 cases in 2021.Compared with 2019, the number of bronchiolitis cases decreased by 45.94% in 2020 and 28.70% in 2021.In 2019, 2020 and 2021, there were no significant differences in gender ratio, age, and duration of hospitalization.Compared with 2019, the ratio of bronchiolitis to the total number of hospitalizations for respiratory tract infection decreased significantly in 2020 and 2021( χ2=12.762, P<0.05; χ2=84.845, P<0.05).The proportion of moderate to severe bronchiolitis cases in both 2020 and 2021 was lower than that in 2019, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=4.054, P<0.05; χ2=8.109, P<0.05).There was no statistically significant difference in the proportion of bronchiolitis cases requiring ICU treatment between 2019, 2020, and 2021 ( χ2=1.914, P>0.05).In 2019, a total of 52.60%(2 582/4 909) of children with bronchiolitis underwent RSV pathogen testing, and among them, there were 708 cases with RSV positive, accounting for 28.00%.In 2020, 54.14%(1 437/2 654) of children with bronchiolitis underwent RSV pathogen testing, and there were 403 cases with RSV positive, accounting for 28.04%.In 2021, 66.80%(2 238/3 500) of children with bronchiolitis underwent RSV pathogen testing, and there were 935 cases with RSV positive, accounting for 41.78%.Compared with 2019 and 2020, the RSV positive rate in 2021 showed a significant increase( χ2=99.673, P<0.05; χ2=71.292, P<0.05). Conclusion:During the COVID-19 epidemic, the implementation of epidemic prevention and control measures reduced the hospitalization rate and severity of bronchiolitis, but did not reduce the positive rate of RSV detection.

3.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 994-997, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990464

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of hepatitis-associated aplastic anaemia(HAAA)in children.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations, treatments and other clinical data of five children with aplastic anemia(AA)diagnosed by bone marrow examination after admission with acute liver dysfunction admitted to the Department of Gastroenterology, Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2016 to December 2020.Results:All five children were boys and the onset age of these children ranged from 2 to 13 years.All of the five cases were acute onset and presented with jaundice.The time frame of the diagnosis of HAAA was 0 to 12 weeks from the presentation of the liver disease.One patient had simultaneous onset of hepatitis and aplastic anemia.The liver function was significantly improved at the diagnosis of HAAA in three patients and worsen in one patient.Only one patient showed CMV-DNA positive and the pathogen results of other patients were negative.Lymphocyte immunity disorders were found in all five patients, and the proportion of inhibitory/cytotoxic T lymphocytes(CD3 + CD8 + ) increased.Two children received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, of which one died and one improved after transplantation.One child improved after treated with antithymocyteglobulin and cyclosporin.One child died due to severe infection.There was no significant improvement in one child treated with cyclosporine. Conclusion:HAAA should be alerted in acute hepatitis patients.Blood routine should be monitored even if liver function improves.Bone marrow tests are needed if patients have peripheral cytopenia in two or more lineages.Early and timely treatments with immunosuppressive therapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation can improve the prognosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 139-142, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928376

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the characteristics of SLC25A13 gene variants in 16 infants with neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by citrin deficiency (NICCD).@*METHODS@#The infants were subjected to high-throughput DNA sequencing for coding exons and flanking regions of the target genes. Suspected variants were verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#Among the 16 NICCD cases, 15 were found to harbor pathogenic variants. Among these, IVS14-9A>G, c.1640G>A, c.762T>A, c.736delG, c.1098Tdel and c.851G>A were previously unreported.@*CONCLUSION@#Six novel SLC25A13 variants were found by high-throughput sequencing, which has enriched the spectrum of SLC25A13 gene variants and provided a basis for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Calcium-Binding Proteins/genetics , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/genetics , Citrullinemia/genetics , Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Organic Anion Transporters/genetics , Protein Deficiency
5.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 205-209, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930402

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of genetic and metabolic infantile cholestatic hepatopathy (ICH), and to provide evidence for its diagnosis and treatment.Methods:Clinical data and follow-up outcomes of hospitalized children diagnosed with ICH in the Department of Gastroenterology, Children′s Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2014 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Among the 80 children, 27 were female and 53 were male, with a mean age of onset of (39±18) days old.Children with confirmed etiology by high-throughput sequencing analysis were included in the genetic metabolic group (44 cases), and those with idiopathic neonatal cholestasis(INC) of unknown etiology after the systematic examination were included in the INC group (36 cases). The t-test or independent sample rank sum test was used to compare the laboratory test results and biochemical indexes.The infection rate of cytomegalovirus was compared by the Chi- square test. Results:(1) A total of 80 cases were included, and 44 cases (55.0%)were confirmed as INC by high-throughput sequencing.Among those with a positive molecular diagnosis, there were 23 cases of citrin deficiency (CD), 10 cases of Alagille syndrome (ALGS), 6 cases of progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC), 2 cases of congenital bile acid synthesis defect, 2 cases of Nieman Pick disease, and 1 case of cystic fibrosis.(2) Serum total bile acid (TBA) and activated partial prothrombin time (APTT) levels in the genetic metabolic group were significantly higher than those in the INC group (all P<0.05). TBA and APTT levels in genetic metabolites were 180.6 (115.5, 271.6) μmol/L and 40.6 (37.1, 45.2) s, respectively, which were 123.3 (98.8, 163.4) μmol/L and 34.8 (31.7, 40.1) s in INC group, respectively.There was no significant difference in the cytomegalovirus infection rate between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). (3)The pathological examination of liver tissue in the genetic metabolic group was worse than that in the INC group, with spot-like and fusion focal-like necrosis, and 5 cases (4 cases of ALGS and 1 case of CD) showed a reduced number of bile ducts in the portal area and lumen stenosis. Conclusions:CD, ALGS and PFIC are the common causes of genetic and metabolic ICH.Fundamental cause of cholestasis should be actively examined in children with cytomegalovirus infection.High-throughput sequencing is of great significance in the accurate diagnosis of ICH.

6.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 497-502, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955091

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clarify the clinical characteristics and related fators of children with delayed antibody production of mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia(MPP).Methods:Two hundreds and eithty-five cases of children hospitalized at Children′s Hospital of Soochow University with MPP(positive for nucleic acid testing of respiratory secretion)were chosen from January 1st, 2019 to September 31st, 2019.Delayed antibody production group included 36 cases, who were tested for negative IgM antibody meanwhile the titer of IgG antibody changed less than 4 folds within 14 days.Positive group included 249 cases who were tested for positive IgM antibody or the titer of IgG antibody changed over 4 folds within 14 days.The characteristics of clinical manifestation, immunology and radiology were comparatively analyzed.Results:The medium age of delayed antibody production group was 0.75(0.30, 2.78)years old, which was obviously younger than that from positive group[5.50(3.73, 7.20)years old]( P<0.001). Low level of serum immunoglobulin IgG was the independent effect factor of delayed production for Mycoplasma pneumoniae antibody( P=0.037). When the serum immunoglobulin IgG level was lower than 7.155mmol/L, the sensitivity of predicting delayed production for mycoplasma pneumoniae antibody would be 0.819 and the specificity was 0.833.The underlying diseases associated with delayed antibody production were hospitalization history during neonatal period( P=0.007)and congenital heart disease( P=0.001). There were 11.11%(4/36)of children appearing spasmodic cough, 41.67%(15/36)of children showing wheezing and 33.33%(12/36)showing diarrhea in delayed antibody group, which were significantly higher than those in positive group[0.40%(1/249), 24.50%(61/249)and 9.64%(24/249), respectively, P<0.05]. The incidence of fever in delayed antibody group were 63.89%(23/36), which was lower than that in positive group[92.37%(230/249)]( P<0.001), meanwhile, the fever last time was 2.50(0, 4.75)days in delayed antibody group, which was shorter than that in positive group[ 7(5.00, 8.50)days]( P<0.001). In the delayed antibody group, there was 19.44%(7/36)of children sufferring from lobar pneumonia, and no extrapulmonary manifestations occurred, which were significantly lower than those in positive group[75.50%(188/249), 14.86%(37/249)]( P<0.05). Conclusion:Delayed antibody production in children with MPP is more common when serum immunoglobulin IgG level is lower than 7.155 mmol/L, especially in the presence of neonatal hospital history and congenital heart disease.The clinical manifestations of these children are mainly characterized by spasmodic cough and wheezing, with low probability of fever, lobular pneumonia and extrapulmonary manifestations.

7.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1244-1249, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964223

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the status quo of emergency rescue for public health emergencies by medical staff under regular pandemic prevention and control, analyze its influencing factors, and provide evidence for formulating intervention measures. MethodsAn online questionnaire was conducted among the medical staff of Jinshan District public medical institutions, and the possible influencing factors were analyzed by multiple linear stepwise regression analysis. The questionnaire included general information and knowledge, attitude, and behavior of emergency rescue. ResultsA total of 1,614 valid questionnaires were collected. The total average score of emergency rescue performance was (4.01±0.83), which was at a high level. The average scores of emergency rescue knowledge and attitude were (4.07±0.80) and (4.21±0.70) respectively, which were at a high level, and the average scores of emergency rescue behavior were (3.25±1.23), which was at a medium level. Regression analysis, age, department, occupation, hospital level, whether to participate in emergency training, whether to participate in emergency drills were the main influencing factors of emergency rescue knowledge and practice (P<0.05). ConclusionUnder the situation of major public health emergencies, the knowledge, attitude and practice of emergency rescue of medical personnel are generally at a good level, and the behavior of emergency rescue is at a medium level. Emergency rescue training and drills should be strengthened for medical personnel of different ages, occupations, departments, levels of hospitals, and sections.

8.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 951-954, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908398

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and non-infective etiological characteristics of children with lower gastrointestinal bleeding(LGIB), and to explore the application value of electronic colonoscopy in diagnosis and treatment of LGIB.Methods:A total of 311 cases of children with LGIB admitted to our hospital from June 2016 to June 2020 were analyzed retrospectively, and the relevant clinical data were summarized.Results:The ratio of boys to girls was 1.46∶1.The average age was(4.67±3.99)years old.Preschool children account for 67.85%.A total of 97.75% of the children had bloody stool with naked eyes, mainly with simple bloody stool.The main accompanying symptoms were abdominal pain(31.19%)and diarrhea(24.11%). The positive rate of occult blood test was 55.26%, and the positive rate of colonoscopy was 86.49%.The common causes of LGIB in children were intestinal polyps, colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, allergic colitis, allergic purpura and Meckel′s diverticulum.There were statistical differences in the number of cases of some etiology at different age stages, including colon polyps( P<0.001), colitis( P=0.020), ulcerative colitis( P<0.001), allergic colitis( P<0.001), Henoch-Schonlein purpura( P=0.031)and Behcet′s disease( P=0.033). Allergic colitis was more common in 1~6 months old, and the incidence rate gradually decreased with age.Inflammatory bowel disease was the primary cause of children aged 11~16 years.All children′s bleeding symptoms disappeared after treatment and the occult blood test was negative.The cure rate was 41.80% (130 cases) and the improvement rate was 58.20% (181 cases). Conclusion:The etiology of LGIB in children is complex, and the etiology is related to the age of onset.Intestinal polyps and colitis are the main causes of the disease, which are common in all ages.Colonoscopy is safe and efficient, playing an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of children with LGIB.

9.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 811-816, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907850

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients suffering from plastic bronchitis (PB) caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) and explore its risk factors as well. Methods:A retrospective analysis on clinical and laboratory data of PB children caused by MP and treated in Department of Respiratory in Children′s Hospital of Soochow University from January 2011 to December 2017, compared with MP pneumonia(MPP) children without PB in the same period.Meanwhile, Logistic regression analysis was performed. Results:Among the 306 MPP children, there were 50 cases in the PB group and 256 cases in the non-PB group.Compared with children in the non-PB group, children in PB group were higher in terms of age [(82.74±35.17)months vs.(66.63±35.67) months], percentage of neutrophils (0.705 8±0.139 1 vs.0.605 7±0.162 6), C reactive protein(CRP) [17.4(10.21, 42.86) mg/L vs.11.43(4.55, 23.66) mg/L], D-dimer(DD) [1 071 (279.5, 2 386.5) μg/L vs.523 (233, 1 099.5) μg/L], lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) [491.1 (342.3, 607.4) U/L vs.394.9 (319.1, 512.8) U/L], erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR)[25.0 (17.0, 36.0) mm/1 h vs.15.5(9.0, 28.0) mm/1 h], aspartate aminotranferase(AST) [33.5(26.1, 49.3) U/L vs.29.2(24.0, 37.2) U/L], alanine aminotransferase (ALT) [19.1(11.45, 31.50) U/L vs.13.6 (10.3, 23.15) U/L], IgA [1.46(0.98, 2.12) mg/L vs.1.15 (0.64, 1.60) mg/L], CD3 -CD (16+56)+ (0.155 0±0.088 6 vs.0.120 2±0.071 5), allergy history [44.0%(22/50 cases) vs.25.8%(65/256 cases)], mixed infection [38.0% (19/50 cases) vs.24.6%(63/256 cases)], and microscopic mucosal erosion [10.0%(5/50 cases) vs.2.3%(6/256 cases)] (all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis displayed that allergy history ( OR= 5.604, 95% CI: 1.937-16.216), age ( OR = 3.142, 95% CI: 1.425-6.929), percentage of neutrophils ( OR=2.387, 95% CI: 1.088-5.238), CRP ( OR=3.959, 95% CI: 1.072-14.662), and DD ( OR=7.824, 95% CI: 2.824-21.673) were independent risk factors for PB caused by MP infection (all P<0.05). The cut-off values of age, percentage of neutrophils, CRP, and DD were 64 months, 0.70, 35 mg/L, and 2 000 μg/L. Conclusions:Children with PB caused by MP often develop in older and allergic children who have stronger inflammatory reactions, immune disorders, and hyperfibrinolysis.

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1158-1163., 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876663

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical features and gene mutation characteristics of neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused citrin deficiency (NICCD) in northern China. MethodsA total of 23 pediatric patients in northern China who were diagnosed with NICCD by blood tandem mass spectrometry and/or gene detection in Department of Gastroenterology, Children’s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics, from January 2015 to December 2018 were enrolled as NICCD group, and 36 pediatric patients with idiopathic neonatal cholestasis (INC) who had unclarified etiology after a series of examinations during the same period of time were enrolled as INC group. A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical manifestation, laboratory examination, pathology, blood/urine metabolic screening, and gene sequencing results of the pediatric patients in the NICCD group, and follow-up was performed to observe their outcome; biochemical parameters were compared between the two groups. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. ResultsAmong the 23 patients in the NICCD group, 10 had hypoglycemia, 13 had hypoalbuminemia, 17 had hyperammonemia, and 15 had hyperlactacidemia; 15 had an increase in low-density lipoprotein, 6 had an increase in cholesterol, and 7 had an increase in triglyceride; 17 had prolonged prothrombin time, and 16 had prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT). Compared with the INC group, the NICCD group had significantly higher gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), total bile acid (TBA), and APTT and a significantly lower albumin (Alb) level (Z=-2.487, Z=-3.528, t=3.532, t=-2.24, all P<0.05). For the patients with NICCD, blood tandem mass spectrometry showed that the most common abnormalities were the increased levels of arginine, citrulline, methionine, free carnitine, and long-chain acylcarnitine, while urinary gas chromatography showed the increased levels of 4-hydroxyphenyllactic acid, galactose, galactitol, and galactonic acid. Gene detection was performed for all 23 patients and identified 16 pathogenic mutations, among which 7 were newly discovered, namely ivs14-9a>G, c1640 G>A, c.762T>A, c.736delG, c.1098 T del, c.851G>A, and c.550G>A. Except for the 2 patients who were lost to follow-up, the levels of aminotransferases and bilirubin gradually returned to normal in 21 patients after 2-6 months of treatment; none of them showed delayed growth and development after being followed up to the age of 1 year, and 2 of them developed dietary preference (they liked fish and meat and did not like staple food). ConclusionAbnormalities of blood GGT, TBA, Alb, and APTT may provide ideas for the differential diagnosis of NICCD and INC. NICCD gene mutations in northern China are heterogeneous and most patients tend to have a good prognosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1638-1642, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864289

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics of plastic bronchitis (PB) in children after pneumonia and the value of electronic bronchoscopy in diagnosis and treatment of PB after pneumonia.Methods:A total of 3 865 children with lower respiratory infectious diseases who had been treated by bronchoscope and met the diagnosis and treatment criteria of bronchoscope in the Department of Respiratory, Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University from June 2017 to May 2019 were studied.The children were divided into 3 groups, the PB group, the phlegm embolism blockage group, and the control group [including children with no secretion blocking the bronchial cavity under bronchoscope and no plastic secretion found in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF)]. The results of laboratory examinations such as clinical characteristics, etiology, immune function and imaging were compared and analyzed.Results:There was no significant difference in the gender distribution among the 3 groups ( P=0.382). The average age of the PB group and phlegm embolism blockage group was significantly older than that of the control group.All the 3 groups had cough.The proportions of coughing children with asthma in the control group and phlegm embolism blockage group [25.06% (924/3 687 cases) and 21.00% (21/100 cases), respectively] were significantly larger than that in the PB group [5.13% (4/78 cases)]. The PB group had the highest ratio of children with fever [93.59% (73/78 cases)], followed by the phlegm embolism blockage group [83.00% (83/100 cases)] and the control group [71.93% (2 652/3 687 cases)] successively.The difference among the 3 groups was significant( χ2=23.571, P<0.05). The fever peaks of the PB group, phlegm embolism blockage group and control group were (39.65±0.6)℃, (39.57±0.64)℃ and (39.27±0.76)℃, respectively; the fever duration of the above 3 groups were (10.32±3.87) days, (9.46±5.13) days and (6.89±4.06) days, respectively.The PB group had a higher fever peak and longer fever duration than the control group (all P<0.01). Before the electronic bronchoscopy, 3 865 children′s chest imaging examination showed pneumonia.The proportions of patients with lobar pneumonia and pleural effusion were the highest in the PB group [79.49% (62/78 cases) and 41.03% (32/78 cases), respectively], followed by the phlegm plug group [65% (65/100 cases) and 27% (27/100 cases), respectively]. C reactive protein (CRP) and D-dimer levels were the highest in the PB group, followed by the phlegm embolism blockage group and the control group successively.The difference was significant.In T lymphocyte subsets, the PB group had a significantly lower percentage of CD4 + lymphocytes and a significantly higher percentage of CD8 + lymphocytes than the control group.The first pathogen detected in the 3 groups was Mycoplasma pneumonia (MP), but the detection rate of MP in the PB group [84.62% (66/78 cases)] was significantly higher than that in the phlegm embolism blockage group [60% (60/100 cases)] and that in the control group [55.68% (2 053/3 687 cases)]. Conclusions:Older children are prone to PB after pneumonia and fever in the course of disease.The imaging manifestations are lobar pneumonia, pleural effusion, atelectasis, elevated CRP and D-dimer in venous blood laboratory examinations.MP is the first pathogen detected in children with PB after pneumonia.Bronchoscopic alveolar lavage is an effective and safe treatment for PB in clinical practice.

12.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1235-1238, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864201

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) after adenovirus pneumonia.Methods:Clinical data of 266 children with adenovirus pneumonia hospitalized in Children′s Hospital of Soochow University from January 2011 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.Accor-ding to whether they developed BO, children with adenovirus pneumonia were divided into the BO group and the non-BO group.Clinical features of the BO group and the non-BO group were compared by t test, rank sum test or chi square test.Risk factors were analyzed by Logistic regression approach. Results:Among 266 children with adenovirus pneumonia included, 37 patients were developed into BO group, and their age was significantly younger than that of the non-BO group [12.0(8.0, 17.5) months vs.32.0(13.0, 48.0) months, P<0.001]. Compared with the non-BO group, there were more proportion of preterm infants[10.8%(4/37 cases) vs.3.1%(7/229 cases), P=0.028], more instances of comorbidities [21.6%(8/37 cases) vs.4.4%(10/229), P<0.001] and more children with allergic diseas[35.1%(13/37 cases) vs.20.1%(46/229 cases), P=0.041] in the BO group, and the difference was statistically significant.The duration of fever in the BO group was significantly longer than that of the non-BO group [10(4.0, 13.5) d vs.6(4.0, 9.0) d, P=0.011] children with symptoms of wheezing, shortness of breath, and hypoxemia in the BO group were significantly more than the non-BO group[81.1%(30/37 cases) vs.27.9%(64/229 cases), P<0.001; 64.9%(24/37 cases) vs.5.7%(13/229 cases), P<0.001; 59.5%(22/37 cases) vs.6.6%(15/229 cases), P<0.001]. The platelet count, IgG level, and CD3 -CD 19+ lymphocyte percentage were significantly higher in the BO group than the non-BO group [(364±104)×10 9/L vs.(297±105)×10 9/L, P=0.001; 6.74(4.92, 10.16) g/L vs.5.93(1.00, 8.04) g/L, P=0.016; (33.5±15.3)% vs.(26.1±10.2)%, P=0.008]. In contrast, the percentage of CD3 + CD4 + lymphocytes in the BO group was lower than the non-BO group[(29.1±8.0)% vs.(32.5±9.4)%, P=0.044], the difference was statistically significant.The BO group had a higher rate of mixed bacterial infection than the non-BO groups[37.8%(14/37 cases) vs.16.6%(38/229 cases), P=0.003]. An age<26 months, comorbidities, premature birth history, wheezing, shortness of breath, and hypoxemia were independent risk factors for BO after adenovirus pneumonia( OR=4.808, 30.667, 7.558, 3.909, 8.842, 8.607, all P<0.05). Conclusions:An age of less than 26 months, a history of premature delivery comorbidities, wheezing, shortness of breath and hypoxemia, are independent risk factors for BO after adenovirus pneumonia.Children with above manifestations should receive high resolution CT as soon as possible to determine whether it is BO.

13.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 248-251, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743133

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of liver injury caused by the deficiency of dioscorea bulbifera L.. Methods The general data, clinical manifestation and laboratory examination of 45 cases of liver injury diagnosed as Yoshimoto associated liver injury from November 2014 to June 2017 were classified and reviewed with the standards of drug liver injury classification recommended by the Council of international medical organizations. Results The number of male patients was 26, and female 19. The medication time ranged from 1 week to 2 years and the main biochemical performance was abnormal, namely ALT, AST, TBil, DBil, ALP and GGT. Of the 45 cases, the average values of ALT, AST were 608.11 ± 411.30 U/L and 505.38 ± 342.15 U/L. The TBil of 42 case rised with the mean value 170.10 ± 136.86 μmol/L, and the ALP of 22 cases with 182.38 ± 55.15 U/L. The GGT of 43 cases rised with the mean 223.12 ± 131.85 U/L. Clinical classification included 38 cases were liver cell injury, none was cholestasis, 5 mixed types and 2 cases of liver biochemical examination abnormality. One patient died while the other patients recovered. Conclusions Although the pathogenesis of the liver cell induced injury type with dioscorea bulbifera L. remains unclear, the reasonable and appropriate use of medication and regular liver biochemical tests is necessary.

14.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 734-739, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752290

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the infection composition and drug resistance to Gram-negative (G-) bacilli in children's respiratory tract in Suzhou,in order to provide evidence for rational use of antibiotics clinically.Methods G-bacilli culture samples were collected from 21 561 cases of nasopharyngeal secretions from patients with respiratory tract infection admitted at the Department of Respiratory,Children's Hospital of Soochow University from January 2007 to December 2016,including 21 246 cases in general wards,and 315 patients who were transferred to the respiratory department after treatment in the Intensive Care Unit(ICU),and the children were divided into the general ward group and the ICU group,and the pathogens were compared and the changes in bacterial susceptibility were dynamically observed between the 2 groups.Results The primary G-bacteria for respiratory infection was Haemophilus influenzae,followed by Escherichia coli,Klebsiella pneumoniae,Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii.The detection rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the ICU group were 16.8% (21/125 strains) and 14.4% (18/125 strains),respectively,which were significantly higher than those in the general ward group [10.0% (208/2 071 strains),9.2% (190/2 071 strains)].The detection rates of G-bacteria in the ICU group were 33.7% (106/315 cases),which were significantly higher than those in the general ward group [9.4% (1 997/21 246 cases)],and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =210.325,P < 0.001).The rare G-bacillus such as Stenotrophomonas maltophilia,Acinetobacter junii and Burkholderia onion were higher in the ICU group [17.6% (22/125 strains)] than that in the general ward group [6.4% (132/2 071 strains)].The rate that of G bacteria with two or more mixed infection in ICU group [17.0% (18/106 cases)] was significantly higher than in the general ward group [3.4% (68/1 997 cases)],and the difference was statistically sigmficant(x2 =47.3,P <0.05).For the mixed infection,the ICU group was mainly composed of Klebsiella pneumoniae mixed with Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Escherichia coli,while the general ward group was composed of Haemophilus influenzae mixed with Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Escherichia coli.The sensitivity of Haemophilus infiuenzae to Ampicillin,Sultamicillin,Cefuroxime,Cefaclor and Azithromycin decreased,and the sensitivity to Chloramphenicol,Tetracycline and Trimethoprim + Sulfamethoxazole increased year by year,and there were statistically significant differences in different years (all P < 0.05).The sensitivity to Escherichia coli to Ceftazidime decreased year by year,and the sensitivity to Ampicillin and Levofloxacin increased year by year,and there were statistically significant differences in different years (all P < 0.05).The sensitivity to Klebsiella pneumoniae to Cefoperazone/Sulbactam and imipenem decreased,and the sensitivity to Ciprofloxacin and Levofloxacin increased,and there were statistically significant differences in different years (all P < 0.05).The sensitivity to Pseudomonas aeruginosa,Cefoperazone/Sulbactam and Ceftriaxone decreased year by year,and the sensitivity to Levofloxacin increased,and there were statistically significant differences in different years (all P < 0.05).The detection rate of carbapenem-resistant strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa showed an increasing trend,and there were statistically significant differences in different years (all P < 0.05).Conclusions The primary G-bacteria for respiratory infections is Haemophilus influenzae,G-bacilli especially,the mixed infection of G-bacilli,is more likely to cause severe and critical respiratory infections.The resistance rate of G-bacteria infection in children's respiratory tract to commonly used antibiotics is generally on the rise.

15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 265-269, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752223

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the changes in lung function and inflammatory indicators such as eosino-phils(EOS),Creola bodies and exhaled nitric oxide(FeNO),and to explore their value in early diagnosing asthma. Methods One hundred and thirty-five infants with high-risk asthma were selected as an observation group who were admitted to Department of Respiratory,Childrenˊs Hospital of Soochow University from April 2016 to August 2017 due to asthmatic bronchitis and asthmatic bronchopneumonia,and a total of 200 non -asthmatic and non -allergic healthy children who were screened and followed up at the Department of Cardiology in the same period were selected as a healthy control group for the measurement of moist respiratory lung function and FeNO. In the observation group,the bronchial dilation test(BDT),EOS and Creola bodies were performed simultaneously. Classification of lung function:23%≤time to peak ratio(TPTEF/Te)<28% had mild obstruction,15%≤TPTEF/Te<23% had moderate obstruc-tion,and TPTEF/Te<15% showed severe obstruction. Results The TPTEF/Te[17. 20%(8. 10%)],volume to peak ratio(VPEF/Ve)[21. 20%(6. 20%)],tidal volume per kilogram of body weight(VT/kg)[7. 80(3. 70)]and ratio of tidal expiratory flow 25% to peak tidal expiratory flow(25/PF)[0. 54(0. 20)]in the observation group were signifi-cantly lower than those in the healthy control group[22. 30%(9. 22%),27. 15%(7. 10%),8. 90(3. 17),0. 60 (0. 18)],and the differences were statistically significant(Z= -6. 81,-9. 35,-3. 16,-3. 52,all P<0. 05). BDT positive rate in the mild obstruction group was 20. 00%(3/15 cases),BDT positive rate in the moderate obstruction group was 26. 56%(17/64 cases),and BDT positive rate in the severe obstruction group was 48. 72%(19/39 cases). The higher the degree of obstruction,the higher the value of BDT positive diagnosis(F=6. 353,P<0. 05). BDT of VPEF/Ve,25/PF and TPTEF/Te were consistent and statistically significant(Kappa=0. 78,0. 49,all P<0. 001). Ti-dal expiratory flow 50% -remaining(TEF50% -r)[(117. 86 ± 42. 16)mL/s],tidal expiratory flow 25% -remai- ning(TEF25% -r)[(82. 82 ± 35. 44)mL/s]in the second wheezing group were higher than those in the first whee-zing group[(92. 81 ± 28. 40)mL/s,(65. 22 ± 24. 93)mL/s],and the differences were statistically significant( t=3. 34,2. 77,all P <0. 05). There was no statistically significant difference in sputum EOS,FeNO and Creola body scores among wheezing children between the first and second groups(all P>0. 05). FeNO in the observation group [3. 80(5. 43)μg/L]was significantly lower than that in the healthy control group[9. 60(11. 3)μg/L],and the diffe-rence was statistically significant(Z=14. 56,P<0. 05). Sputum EOS had a positive correlation with blood EOS and Creola bodies(r=0. 20,0. 21,all P<0. 05);there was no correlation between lung function parameters and inflamma-tory indices(all P>0. 05). Conclusions In the acute phase of infant asthma attack,the pulmonary function presents different degrees of obstructive ventilation dysfunction,the higher the degree of obstruction,the higher the diagnostic value of BDT. The value of single FeNO measurement is limited,and continuous dynamic monitoring may be more mea-ningful in predicting the occurrence of asthma. Detection of Creola bodies may be helpful in predicting asthma.

16.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 734-739, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796570

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the infection composition and drug resistance to Gram-negative (G-) bacilli in children′s respiratory tract in Suzhou, in order to provide evidence for rational use of antibiotics clinically.@*Methods@#G- bacilli culture samples were collected from 21 561 cases of nasopharyngeal secretions from patients with respiratory tract infection admitted at the Department of Respiratory, Children′s Hospital of Soochow University from January 2007 to December 2016, including 21 246 cases in general wards, and 315 patients who were transferred to the respiratory department after treatment in the Intensive Care Unit(ICU), and the children were divided into the general ward group and the ICU group, and the pathogens were compared and the changes in bacterial susceptibility were dynamically observed between the 2 groups.@*Results@#The primary G-bacteria for respiratory infection was Haemophilus influenzae, followed by Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii.The detection rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the ICU group were 16.8% (21/125 strains)and 14.4%(18/125 strains), respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the general ward group [10.0%(208/2 071 strains), 9.2%(190/2 071 strains)]. The detection rates of G-bacteria in the ICU group were 33.7%(106/315 cases), which were significantly higher than those in the general ward group [9.4%(1 997/21 246 cases)], and the difference was statistically significant(χ2=210.325, P<0.001). The rare G-bacillus such as Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Acinetobacter junii and Burkholderia onion were higher in the ICU group [17.6%(22/125 strains)] than that in the general ward group [6.4% (132/2 071 strains)]. The rate that of G-bacteria with two or more mixed infection in ICU group [17.0% (18/106 cases)] was significantly higher than in the general ward group [3.4%(68/1 997 cases)], and the difference was statistically significant(χ2=47.3, P<0.05). For the mixed infection, the ICU group was mainly composed of Klebsiella pneumoniae mixed with Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Escherichia coli, while the general ward group was composed of Haemophilus influenzae mixed with Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Escherichia coli.The sensitivity of Haemophilus influenzae to Ampicillin, Sultamicillin, Cefuroxime, Cefaclor and Azithromycin decreased, and the sensitivity to Chloramphenicol, Tetracycline and Trimethoprim+ Sulfamethoxazole increased year by year, and there were statistically significant differences in different years (all P<0.05). The sensiti-vity to Escherichia coli to Ceftazidime decreased year by year, and the sensitivity to Ampicillin and Levofloxacin increased year by year, and there were statistically significant differences in different years (all P<0.05). The sensitivity to Klebsiella pneumoniae to Cefoperazone/Sulbactam and imipenem decreased, and the sensitivity to Ciprofloxacin and Levofloxacin increased, and there were statistically significant differences in different years (all P<0.05). The sensitivity to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Cefoperazone/Sulbactam and Ceftriaxone decreased year by year, and the sensitivity to Levofloxacin increased, and there were statistically significant differences in different years (all P<0.05). The detection rate of carbapenem-resistant strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa showed an increasing trend, and there were statistically significant differences in different years (all P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The primary G-bacteria for respiratory infections is Haemophilus influenzae, G-bacilli especially, the mixed infection of G-bacilli, is more likely to cause severe and critical respiratory infections.The resistance rate of G-bacteria infection in children′s respiratory tract to commonly used antibiotics is generally on the rise.

17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1707-1710, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696677

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of Streptococcus pneumonia (SP) in children with respiratory tract infection in Suzhou area,and the correlation between the air pollutants and the epidemiological characteristics of SP.Methods The real-time air quality test data of Suzhou in Jiangsu province was recorded from January 2012 to December 2014,and sputum specimens of 6 653 cases of hospitalized children with respiratory tract diseases in the same period were collected.The SP detection content and the correlation between SP and the concentration level of PM2.5,PM 10,nitrogen dioxide (NO2),sulfur dioxide (SO2),carbon monoxide (CO),ozone (O3) in Suzhou were analyzed.Results The SP detection rate was 9.94% in 6 653 children.The SP detection rates were respoctively 7.69% (183/2 381 cases),10.87% (235/2 161 cases),11.51% (243/2 111 cases) between 2012 and 2014.The SP detection rates of children at the age of ≤ 1 year old,> 1-3 years old,> 3-< 7 years old and ≥ 7 years old more respectively were 7.11% (227/3 192 cases),13.48% (244/1 810 cases),13.76% (168/1 221 cases),5.12% (22/430 cases).The SP detection rate of children at the age of > 1-3 years old and >3-<7 years old was higher than that of ≤ 1 years old and ≥7 years old,and the difference was significant (x2 =84.980,P < 0.001).The SP detection rates in spring,summer,antumn and winter respectively were 9.79% (173/1 768 cases),7.66% (130/ 1 697 cases),11.76% (187/1 590 cases),10.70% (171/1 598 cases).The SP detection rate of children in summer was the lowest (x2 =4.897,15.839,9.165,all P < 0.05).The concentrations of PM2.5,PM 10,SO2,NO2,CO and O3 were in a state of fluctuation during the survey period.The SP detection rate had positive correlation with the concentration of PM2.5,PM10,SO2,NO2,CO and O3 (r =0.650,0.586,0.680,0.467,all P < 0.005),and there was no obvious correlation between the SP detection rate and the concentration of CO,O3 (all P > 0.05).Conclusions SP is one of the important pathogens of respiratory tract infection in children in Suzhou area,and the detection rate in infants and preschoolers is higher but the detection rate in summer is lower.The SP detection rate is closely correlated with the concentration of PM2.5,PM10,SO2,NO2.

18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1694-1698, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696674

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of single and multiple bronchoscopic lavage therapy in children with refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia(RMPP).Methods Retrospective analysis was conducted of the clinical data of 332 RMPP children at Department of Respiratory Disease,Children's Hospital of Soochow University from January 2011 to December 2016.The patients were divided into the single group and the multiple group (≥2 times),and the correlative index were compared between the 2 groups.Logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze the risk factors of multiple bronchoscopic lavage therapy in RMPP patients.Results Among 332 children,223 cases were in the single group and 109 cases in the multiple group.Children undergoing multiple bronchoscopy had the fever duration ≥ 10 days before the bronchoscopy and course of disease ≥ 10 days before the bronchoscopy,more than those in the single group [118 cases (52.9%) vs.71 cases (65.1%),69 cases (29.6%) vs.45 cases(41.3%)],and the differences were statistically significant(all P < 0.05).At the same time,the use of glucocorticoid,macrolide,glucocorticoid combined with macrolide antibiotics in the first week of illness were significantly lower in the multiple groups than those in the single group,and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05).In the multiple group,the percentage of neutrophils (N),C-reactive protein (CRP),CRP > 44 mg/L,lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and LDH > 480 U/L were higher than those in the single group,and the differences were significant (all P < 0.05).In addition,the mixed infection and pleural effusion of multiple group were higher than those of the single group.The proportion of bronchoscopy in the multiple group was higher than that of the single group.In bronchoscopy,the mucus plug blocking and mucosal erosion were more than those of the single group,and the differences were statistically significant (x2 =5.397,13.31,all P < 0.05).After adjusted by multiple regression analysis,6 factors were independent risk factors for multiple bronchoscopic procedures.They were the fever duration before the bronchoscopy ≥ 10 days[odds ratio (OR) =19.504,95 % confidence interval (CI):7.350-51.754,P =0.000],the unuse of macrolide antibiotics in the first week of illness (OR =5.072,95% CI:2.230-11.537,P =0.000),the unuse of glucocorticoid in the first week of illness (OR =14.051,95 % CI:4.755-41.522,P =0.000),CRP > 44 mg/L (OR =2.638,95 % CI:1.356-5.133,P =0.004),LDH > 480 U/L(OR =2.326,95% CI:1.302-4.157,P =0.004) and mucosal erosion (OR =11.15,95% CI:2.503-49.715,P =0.002).Conclusion Severe inflammatory reaction and whether or not to actively resist infection and inflammation in the early stage,were important risk factors for multiple bronchoscopic procedures.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 607-610, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806648

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of influenza virus type A (FluA) in children with respiratory tract infection, and to provide scientific basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.@*Methods@#Sputum specimens of 35 529 cases of hospitalized children with respiratory tract diseases from January 2006 to December 2015 in Suzhou were collected. FluA was detected by direct immunofluorescence and the FluA detection result was analyzed. Groups were compared with chi-square test.@*Results@#The FluA infection rate was 1.60% in 35 529 children. The FluA infection rate of boys was 1.58%, and the rate of girls was 1.63%. There was no obvious statistically significant difference in sex (χ2=0.139, P=0.709). The FluA infection rates of children at the age of less than 1 year, less than 3 years, less than 7 years and older than 7 years respectively were 1.12%, 2.49%, 1.78%, and 1.24%; there was significant differences among these result (χ2=75.401, P=0.000). The FluA infection rates in spring, summer, autumn and winter respectively were 0.88%, 1.44%, 1.32%, 2.70%. The rates in four seasons had significant difference (χ2=105.432, P=0.000). The FluA infection rate was the highest in winter and the lowest in spring. The FluA infection rate was 6.55% in the autumn of 2008, which was the highest in the recent ten years.@*Conclusions@#FluA is one of the important pathogens of respiratory tract infection in children in Suzhou area. The infection rate of infant is higher and the epidemic peak is in winter. The FluA infection has obvious epidemic season and year. The FluA infection rates in Suzhou area are 0.64%-3.49%, and there was no outbreak in the recent ten years.

20.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 93-98, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514013

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the characteristics of etiology of lobar pneumonia in hospitalized children.Methods Medical history and sputum specimens were collected from 1 179 hospitalized children with lobar pneumonia from January 2006 to December 2015.Multiple pathogenic joint detection combined with the history data were used for analysis.Seven kinds of common respiratory virus were detected by direct immunofluorescence.Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP), Chlamydia pneumoniae (CP) and human Bocavirus (hBoV) were detected by fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR).Human Rhinovirus (HRV) and human Metapneumovirus (hMPV) were detected by reverse transcription PCR.Aspirates were cultured for bacteria.MP specific antibody IgG and IgM were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Positive rates of each group were compared by χ2 test or Fisher exact test.Results Total etiology detection rate of lobar pneumonia in hospitalized children was 83.9% (989/1 179).The etiology detection rate of MP, virus, bacteria and streptococcus pneumoniae (SP) were 74.0%, 14.2%, 18.3% and 12.2%, respectively.The virus detection rate in 1-3 years old group was the highest, and that in ≥6 years old group was lower than other group (χ2=70.095, P0.05).The MP detection rate was above 70% in every season.The detection rates of SP and hBoV were basically the same in every season.The detection rate of HI was higher in spring, Pinf 3 and SA were higher in summer, HRV was higher in autumn, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and moraxella catarrhalis (MC) were higher in winter.Conclusions Lobar pneumonia occurs more common in elder children.MP is the major pathogen of lobar pneumonia, and SP is the second.The MP detection rate increases with age.The pathogen detection rate varies with age, but the effect of seasonal factor is not obvious on pathogen detection in lobar pneumonia.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL