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Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2139-2145, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954984


Objective:To evaluate the effect of self-made lithotomy heating mask on intraoperative and postoperative body temperature and short-term postoperative outcome indicators in patients undergoing radical resection of rectal cancer.Methods:Using the method of quasi experimental research design, 100 patients with open rectal cancer in Ningbo Huamei Hospital of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences from February to July 2021 were selected as the research objects. The patients were divided into experimental group and control group with 50 cases in each group. The control group was kept warm by routine methods, and the experimental group was kept warm by self-made lithotomy heating hood. The changes of core temperature at different time points before, during and after operation were compared between the two groups. The incidence of accidental hypothermia and shivering, the recovery time of anesthesia, and the incidence of various complications within 48 hours after operation were compared between the two groups after operation from the beginning of the operation to 6 hours after returning to the ward.Results:From 30 minutes after anesthesia to 3 hours after entering the ward, the core temperatures of the experimental group at 10 time points were higher than that of the control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 3.48-37.30, all P<0.01). From the beginning of surgery to 6 h after returning to the ward, the incidence of perioperative accidental hypothermia in the experimental group was 2% (1/50), lower than 24% (12/50) in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=11.06, P<0.05) . The number of cases of shivering in the experimental group was 10, lower than that in the control group of 22, the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=6.62, P<0.05) . The recovery time, extubation time and stay time in anesthesia recovery room of the experimental group were (8.44 ± 2.83), (13.05 ± 4.72), (74.51 ± 11.82) min, which were shorter than those of the control group (15.35 ± 2.09), (17.62 ± 3.28), (89.14 ± 9.19) min, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=-13.89, -5.62, -6.91, all P<0.01). The number of cases of agitation, delirium and nausea and vomiting in the experimental group was 3, 1 and 2 respectively, which was lower than 13, 7 and 8 in the control group, and the difference were statistically significant ( χ2=7.44, 4.89, 4.00, all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse cardiac events between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The application of self-made lithotomy heating mask in open rectal cancer surgery can effectively improve the risk of hypothermia at different time points during and after surgery, reduce the incidence of shivering, restlessness, postoperative nausea, vomiting and delirium, shorten the time of awakening and extubation, and prevent postoperative complications. It has practical value in clinic.

Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 76-82, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708703


Objective To investigate the current status and influencing factors of compassion fatigue in clinical nurses,and to provide theoretical references for prevention of nurse burnout and promotion of nurse retention.Methods Totally 992 clinical nurses from ten tertiary hospitals were enrolled through random cluster sampling to complete general information questionnaire,the Professional Quality of Life Scale (Pro-QOL-V),the Resilience Scale for Adults(RSA) and the Jefferson Scale of Empathy·Health Professionals(JSE-HP).Results The prevalence of moderate and high risk of secondary stress and burnout were 71.1%,73.2%,respectively;clinical nurses with work experience of 6 to 10 years presented the highest level of burnout(P<0.01);lower empathy and resilience,as well as adverse work environment were risk factors of compassion fatigue.Multiple regression analysis showed that the influencing factors of nurse burnout were compassion satisfaction,secondary stress,resilience,workload,recognition,empathy,and payment,which explained 70.5% of the total variance.Conclusion Secondary stress,burnout and compassion satisfaction in clinical nurses are influenced by nurses' empathy,resilience and work environment,and nursing administrators should pay attention to receiving recognition as positive predictors of burnout,except for workload and payment.

Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 12-16, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436114


Objective To learn Chinese and English nurses' knowledge of,attitude to,and experience of physical activity(PA) and associated health promotion(HP).Methods Content analysis method was used to analyze the open-ended questions in a questionnaire survey of Chinese and English nurses about physical activity and associated health promotion.Results Nurses from both countries felt the heavy workload of nursing work was an important barrier for their personal PA,and they all appealed the institution should provide PA facilities or easy access to gym or other sport center.UK nurses demonstrated comprehensive understanding of PA and PA HP,and reported positive attitude toward their own role model in PA HP.Chinese nurses concerned more about their own PA than their PA HP,and they were lack of motivation to participate in PA.Conclusions Education to nurses for physical activity and health promotion should be encouraged.Implications for future research about nurses' occupational physical activity are noted.

Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 852-854, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385649


Totally, 102 general practitioners (GPs) from 40 community health-care service centers in a district of Beijing were investigated for their awareness of diagnosis, treatment and prevention for chronic hepatitis B and evaluating effectiveness of their training with self-designed questionnaire before and after professional training.Before training, higher awareness of knowledge about prevention for hepatitis B had been achieved in GPs, such as "hepatitis C is communicable" (78/102, 76.5% ), "hepatitis B can be prevented by protective antibody" ( 76/102, 74.5% ), whereas only 3.9% ( 4/102 ) of GPs knew indications of antiviral therapy for chronic hepatitis B, 4.9% (5/102) could describe complications of decompensated cirrhosis and 19.6% (20/102) knew methods for screening primary hepatocellular carcinoma.After training, their awareness increased significantly to 93.1% (95/102), 49.0% (50/102)and 86.3% (88/102), respectively (all P <0.01 ).Now, GPs' knowledge about diagnosis and treatment for hepatitis B is still insufficient at community health-care centers and professional training can improve their awareness.It is an important assurance for patients with chronic hepatitis B to be better managed in both of specialized hospitals and community health-care centers by enhancing professional training for GPs indiagnosis and treatment for hepatitis B.

Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 5-8, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396412


Objective To establish the evaluation standard of admission and discharge of patients in surgical department using rehabilitation nursing beds in Shanghai. Methods Semi-structured interviews were used with 7 surgical experts, 1 rehabilitation expert and 2 nurse experts. The Delphi method was used twice in revising the standard with 105 surgical experts in 15 hospitals in Shanghai. Results The evalua-tion standard of admission and discharge of patients in surgical department using rehabilitation nursing beds was established preliminarily through semi-structured interviews. Conclusions The standard was finally established through revising by letter.

Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 13-16, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392761


Objective To know the relative efficiency condition in some cardiovascular surgical ICU for the nursing administrator to allocate the nursing resources.Methods Used the C2R model and the G2GS2 model to evaluate the effeciency of nursing manpowers in 12 cardiovascular surgical ICUs.Results The percentage of decision-making unit was 75% from the aspect of pure technique.The inefficent units can achieve the same levels of effeciency as the efficiency units by altering their inputs.Conclusions The coexistence of insufficiency and lower effeiciency were found in the nursing resource utilization of some cardiovascular surgical ICU,with a DEA based approach,we are able to provide scientific basis for the resource allocation through identifying the level of nursing efficiency.