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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1325-1330, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829119

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To develop a native adaptive behavior scale for children with autism spectrum disorder(ASD) and to explore its reliability and validity.@*Methods@#Items of ASD adaptive behavior rating scale were selected based on the scale development theory, ASD knowledge and adaptive behavior concept through preliminary survey and statistical, and 301 ASD children aged 2 to 12 from hospitals in Guangzhou, Huizhou, Shenzhen who met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition were selected, data was analyzed by the item analysis.@*Results@#After item analysis and exploratory factor analysis, the final version of the scale contains 58 items, and 64.24% of the total variation could be explained by 6 factors; The Cronbach’s α coefficient of the full scale was 0.98, and the coefficient value of dimen sional factors were 0.94,0.93,0.91,0.95,0.88,0.94. The test-test reliability r of full scale was 0.86, the r of the factor were 0.88,0.81,0.81,0.87,0.88,0.79. The criterion-related validity r with the ABAS-Ⅱ scale was -0.77, the criterion-related validity r with the CARS scale was 0.64.@*Conclusion@#The ASD Child Adaptive Behavior Scale showed good reliability and validity, and could be used widely.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755504

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the lung protection of residual pump blood processed by microaggregate blood filter-reinfusion in patients undergoing cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).Methods A total of 40 patients,aged 28-55 yr,weighing 46-66 kg,of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅱ or Ⅲ,with New York Heart Association of Ⅱ or Ⅲ,with left ventricular ejection fraction>50%,scheduled for elective cardiac valve replacement under general anesthesia,were divided into 2 groups (n =20 each) using a random number table method:residual pump blood reinfusion group (group C) and residual pump blood processed by microaggregate blood filter-reinfusion group (group M).Residual pump blood was collected immediately after the end of CPB.The residual pump blood was stored in sterile blood collection bags without being filtered in group C.The residual pump blood was stored in sterile blood collection bags after being processed by microaggregte blood filter in group M.Residual pump blood was intravenously reinfused after the CPB pipe was removed.At 10 min before CPB (T1),immediately after the end ofCPB (T2),immediately after processing (T3) and at 12 and 24 h after residual pump blood reinfusion (T4,5),blood samples were collected to measure blood components and serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha and intedeukin-6 concentrations (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay).Airway plateau pressure was recorded,arterial blood samples were collected for blood gas analysis,and static lung compliance,oxygenation index and respiratory index were calculated at T1.5.The postoperative mechanical ventilation time,duration of intensive care unit stay,length of hospital stay,and incidence of hypoxemia and pulmonary infection were recorded.Results Compared with group C,white blood cell count was significantly decreased at T3-5,and static lung compliance and oxygenation index were increased,respiratory index was decreased,serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 concentrations were decreased,postoperative mechanical ventilation time and duration of intensive care unit stay were shortened,and the incidence of hypoxemia was decreased at T4.5 in group M (P<0.05).Conclusion Residual pump blood proccessed by microaggregate blood filter-reinfusion can reduce systemic inflammatory responses and exerts lung protection to some extent in the patients undergoing cardiac surgery under CPB.

3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 989-993, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754095

ABSTRACT

To evaluate effects of reinfusion of the remaining blood filtered by leukocyte depletion filter on postoperative cellular immune function after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Methods Forty patients who underwent selective cardiac valve replacement surgery with CPB in department of anesthesiology of Haikou Municipal Hospital from January to June in 2018 were enrolled. All the patients were divided into the control group and experimental group according to the random number table method, with 20 patients in each group. In the experimental group, patients received residual pump blood transfusion which had been filtered by leukocyte depletion filter and stored in sterile blood collection bags. In the control group, patients received residual pump blood transfusion which was stored in sterile blood collection bags without being filtered. The remaining blood was reinfused after CPB in two groups. Blood samples were taken before CPB (T1), 2 hours following CPB (T2), and 1, 3, 5 days after reinfusion of the remaining blood (T3, T4, T5), the levels of T lymphocyte subsets CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ and natural killer cells (NK cells) were detected by flow cytometer, and CD4+/CD8+ ratio was calculated. The levels of plasma tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukins (IL-2, IL-6, IL-8) were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent essay (ELISA). The duration of mechanical ventilation, the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, the length of hospital stay, and incidence of wound and pulmonary infection after surgery were compared between two groups. Results Among 40 patients, there were 22 males and 18 females; with an age of (47.88±12.29) years old; and with 25 cases of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status Ⅱ, and 15 cases of ASAⅢ. There was no statistical difference in the volume of the remaining blood between the two groups (mL: 959.00±116.84 vs. 971.50±115.68, P > 0.05). Compared with T1, the levels of T lymphocyte subsets CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, NK cells and plasma levels of IL-2 were significantly decreased from T2, the CD4+/CD8+ ratio was significantly decreased from T3 in two groups, but there was no statistical difference in CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, NK cells, CD4+/CD8+ ratio or plasma level of IL-2 at each time between the two groups. Compared with T1, the plasma levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8 were significantly increased at T2 in two groups and then decreased gradually. The plasma levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8 from T3 in experimental group were lower than those in control group [TNF-α (ng/L): 28.49±4.66 vs. 33.82±4.30, IL-6 (ng/L): 25.98±4.51 vs. 31.38±5.42, IL-8 (ng/L):38.98±4.67 vs. 45.76±5.33, all P < 0.05], they restored to the level of T1 at T5. In addition, compared with control group, the duration of mechanical ventilation, the length of ICU stay in experimental group were significantly decreased (hours: 8.07±1.30 vs. 9.16±1.52, 28.22±2.78 vs. 31.25±3.18, both P < 0.05), and there was no statistical difference in the length of hospital stay (days: 20.65±2.76 vs. 22.45±3.22), incidence of wound and pulmonary infection (25.0% vs. 15.0%, 5.0% vs. 15.0%) between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusion Reinfusion of the remaining blood filtered by leukocyte depletion filtercan inhibit inflammatory responses and don't affect the function of cellular immunity, and don't increase the incidence of infection.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 533-537, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817101

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of icotinib in the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and to provide evidence-based reference for clinical drug use. METHODS: Retrieved from the Cochrane library, PubMed, Sciencedirect, CNKI, Wanfang database and VIP, RCTs about icotinib or icotinib combined with routine treatment or with other drugs (trial group) versus routine treatment or other drugs (control group) in the treatment of advanced NSCLC were collected. After literature screening, data extraction and literature quality evaluation with Cochrane collaboration bias risk assessment tool 5.1.0, Meta-analysis was performed by using Rev man 5.3 statistical software. RESULTS: A total of 27 RCTs were included, involving 2 345 patients. Results of Meta-analysis showed that response rate [OR=1.64, 95%CI(1.36, 1.97), P<0.000 01] and disease control rate [OR=1.68, 95%CI(1.39, 2.04), P<0.000 01] in trial group were significantly higher than control group; the incidence of ADR in trial group [OR=0.59, 95%CI(0.48, 0.72), P<0.000 01] was significantly lower than control group. CONCLUSIONS: Icotinib shows good efficacy and safety in the treatment of advanced NSCLC.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 291-294, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707933

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of eynovial membrane volume measurement by MRI in patients with hemophilic arthropathy receiving radionuclide synoviectomy. Methods Forty two patients,total 63 diseased joint,who hospitalized in the hemophilia diagnosis and treatment center of Henan Province People's Hospital were enrolled in the study after receiving both enhanced an non enhanded MRI, from May 2011 to January 2015.Sixteen patients(21 joints)were treated with 32P radionuclide synoviectomy (PRS)and followed up.The synovial membrane volume were evaluated by enhanced and non enhanded MRI before and after PRS. All data were analyzed by t test. Results The synovial membrane volume had no statistical difference by using the non enhanced(3 104.38±60.19)mm3and enhanced(2 995.19±59.14)mm3 MRI scans (t=-1.369, P=0.191). The synovial membrane volume post PRS (2 479.45 ± 46.48)mm3much lower than that before PRS (2 983.30 ± 42.87) mm3(t=7.831,P=0.000). The magnetic resonance enhanced range after PRS (0.92 ± 0.06) was significantly lower than that before treatment (1.17 ± 0.07) (t=2.108, P=0.048). Conclusion Synovial membrane volume and magnetic resonance enhanced range are important index to predict clinical efficacy of PRS.

6.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 858-861, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498358

ABSTRACT

Objective Treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus has always posed a challenge to balance hyperglycemia control with hypoglycemia episodes. This review attempts to outline the application and research progress of real?time continuous glucose monitoring technology.Given the evolution of RT?CGM technologies,it is likely that today’ s more accurate RT?CGM systems will result in improved patient trust and reduced alert fa?tigue,translating into more sustained RT?CGM use,greater use of the RT?CGM data,and better outcomes.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 912-916, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419151

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),computed tomography (CT) and radiography in the early detection of arthropathies of haemophilia.Methods Prospective studies of 21 joints in 11 patients were studied with X-ray,CT and MR examination. The 21 joints with haemophilia arthropathies were divided into three groups according to Pettersson scoring system.0 point were the first group,<4 points were the second group,≥4 points were the third group.Abnormal imaging findings of osteoporosis,enlarge epiphysis,erosion of cartilage,irregular subchondral surface,narrowing of joints space,joint deformity,subchondral cyst formation,effusion/haemarthrosis of joint,synovial hypertrophy with haemosiderin,deformity of joints were used for all imaging comparison.The results were analysis with Chi-square test.To compare the first group,irregular subchondral surface and the number of subchondral cyst formation of all symptomatic joints were detected by CT and MR,the results were analysis with pair-sample t test.ResultsModerate and severe hemophilic joints were found in 80.95% (17/21)of twenty-one symptomatic joints,and mild hemophilic joints were found in 19.05% (4/21).The detected results were the same in enlarge epiphysis,narrowing of joints space,joint deformity in all joints by radiography,CT and MR.Significant difference in detection of irregular subchondral surface,subchondral cyst formation,effusion/haemarthrosis of joint,were found between radiography with either CT (x2 value 19.06,16.70,4.84,P <0.05 ) or MRI (x2 value 19.06,16.70,7.76,P <0.05),Significant difference in detection of the first group joint irregular subchondral surface and the subchondral cyst formation total number were found between CT and MR ( x2 =3.29,P < 0.05 ). Conclusions MR and CT were superior in detection of the early abnormal changes in evaluating hemophilic arthropathies,however CT could detect more smaller irregular subchondral surface and subchondral cyst formation than MR.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423138

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effectiveness of ultrasonography in thyroidnodule disease detection and malignant/benign lesion differentiation during health check-up.Method Thyroid examination data of Peking Union Medical College Hospital(PUMCH)staff over the last 6 years were retrospectively reviewed.The results of thyroidnodule scanning by using ultrasonography were compared with the findings of physical examinations.Results Among 6348 health check-up receivers from 2006 to 2010,450 were found to have thyroidnodule(detection rate 7.09%).Twenty malignant lesions were confirmed in histological examinations(mean detection rate per year 0.38%).In 2011,1706 thyroid glands were scanned by both physical examination and ultrasonography,and 525 thyroidnodules were identified(detection rate 30.77%).Surgical operations were performed for 22 suspected malignant tumors,and 18 malignant lesions were finally confirmed(detection rate 1.06%).Conclusion Ultrasonography can improve the detection of thyroidnodule.Irregular shape,microcalcification,and rich blood-flow may indicate malignant nodules.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306862

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To document the investigation and control of an outbreak of gastroenteritis in City G, South China, and provide a reference for preventing future outbreaks.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>An ambispective cohort study was designed. Attack rate (AR) and relative risks (RR) were calculated to identify the causes of gastroenteritis. Investigations using questionnaires included personal interviews with patients and doctors, reviews of medical records, laboratory examinations of fecal specimens and continuous hygiene monitoring of water samples from the waterworks.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Overall, 427/71534 (AR=5.97%) cases were identified between October 31 and November 12 2010. Geographic distribution was highly localized, with 80% of cases occurring in the areas supplied by waterworks-A. Consumption of water provided solely by waterworks-A was found to be associated with illness (RR=8.20, 95 CI%:6.12-10.99) compared with that from waterworks-B. Microbiological analyses confirmed the presence of Norovirus in six of eight fecal samples from symptomatic patients, two water samples from waterworks-A and two sewage samples. After taking effective measures, the hygienic indices of waterworks-A met health criteria again on November 9 and no cases were reported 3 days later.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The outbreak reported here was caused by drinking tap water contaminated with sewage at the source. Early identification of possible contamination sources and awareness of changes that might negatively impact water quality are important preventive measures to protect public health.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Disease Outbreaks , Female , Gastroenteritis , Epidemiology , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Water Pollution , Young Adult
10.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 88-89, 2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-411500

ABSTRACT

In observing temperature changes in 100 cases of art ificial joint replacement,we discovered that the temperature curves p resented a “double peak” phenomenon.Accordingly,we analyzed the reasons for th is phenomenon and dealt with them,improving our nursing quality.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528773

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the relation between myocardial remodeling and the genesis of serum anti-?_3-adrenoceptor autoantibody,an animal model of heart failure(HF) was established and the biological effects of the autoantibody were observed.METHODS:(1) Healthy male Wistar rats were subjected to HF by constricting the abdominal aorta.(2) The anti-?_3-adrenoceptor autoantibody in the sera of HF rats was detected by ELISA with the synthetic peptide of the second extracellular loop of the ?_3-adrenoceptor used as the antigen.(3) IgG in the positive sera from HF rats was prepared using a MabTrap Kit(Amersham).(4) The effects of the autoantibody on the contractile response of adult(isolated) cardiomyocytes and on the beating rate of cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were observed.RESULTS:(1) The positive rate of anti-?_3-adrenoceptor autoantibody of rats increased from 21.05% of pretreatment to 78.95% after heart failure(P

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