Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 15 de 15
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875282

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the radiological tumor response patterns and compare the response assessments based on immunebased therapeutics Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (iRECIST) and RECIST 1.1 in metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (mccRCC) patients treated with programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) inhibitors. @*Materials and Methods@#All mccRCC patients treated with PD-1 inhibitors at Henan Cancer Hospital, China, between January 2018 and April 2019, were retrospectively studied. A total of 30 mccRCC patients (20 males and 10 females; mean age, 55.6 years; age range, 37–79 years) were analyzed. The target lesions were quantified on consecutive CT scans during therapy using iRECIST and RECIST 1.1. The tumor growth rate was calculated before and after therapy initiation. The response patterns were analyzed, and the differences in tumor response assessments of the two criteria were compared. The intra- and inter-observer variabilities of iRECIST and RECIST 1.1 were also analyzed. @*Results@#The objective response rate throughout therapy was 50% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 32.1–67.9) based on iRECIST and 30% (95% CI: 13.6–46.4) based on RECIST 1.1. The time-to-progression (TTP) based on iRECIST was longer than that based on RECIST 1.1 (median TTP: not reached vs. 170 days, p = 0.04). iRECIST and RECIST 1.1 were discordant in 8 cases, which were evaluated as immune-unconfirmed PD based on iRECIST and PD based on RECIST 1.1. Six patients (20%, 6/30) had pseudoprogression based on iRECIST, of which four demonstrated early pseudoprogression and two had delayed pseudoprogression.Significant differences in the tumor response assessments based on the two criteria were observed (p < 0.001). No patients demonstrated hyperprogression during the study period. @*Conclusion@#Our study confirmed that the iRECIST criteria are more capable of capturing immune-related atypical responses during immunotherapy, whereas conventional RECIST 1.1 may underestimate the benefit of PD-1 inhibitors. Pseudoprogression is not rare in mccRCC patients during PD-1 inhibitor therapy, and it may last for more than the recommended maximum of 8 weeks, indicating a limitation of the current strategy for immune response monitoring.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910491

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of serum miR-143 level combined with MRI in predicting the early response to concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in cervical cancer.Methods:A total of 85 patients with pathologically confirmed cervical cancer underwent conventional MRI, intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI), and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) before CCRT. The biopsy tissues and serum samples were collected. The differential expression of miRNA in the biopsy tissues was determined by microarray chip. The expression level of miR-143 in the serum samples was analyzed by qRT-PCR. All patients were divided into the non-residual and residual tumor groups according to post-treatment MRI. Pre-treatment clinical factors, MRI parameters and miR-143 between two groups were statistically analyzed by the univariate and multivariate analyses. The optimal thresholds and predictive performance for post-treatment incidence of residual tumors were estimated by drawing the ROC curve.Results:At one month after CCRT, there were 52 patients in the non-residual tumor group and 33 patients in the residual tumor group. In the residual tumor group, pre-treatment FIGO staging, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), D and V e were significantly higher (all P<0.05), whereas K trans value was significantly lower ( P<0.001) when compared to those in the non-residual tumor group. The miRNA array analysis showed that there were 16 miRNAs with differential expression levels between two groups (all P<0.05). Among them, the increase of miR-143 was the most significant in the residual tumor group. Compared with the residual tumor group, the expression level of serum miR-143 was significantly down-regulated in the non-residual tumor group ( P=0.002). Compared with the SiHa cells, the expression level of miR-143 in the SiHa-R cells was significantly up-regulated ( P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that only miR-143, D, K trans and V e were the independent prognostic factors. The combination of multi-parametric MRI and miR-143 exhibited the highest predictive performance (AUC=0.975), with a sensitivity of 84.8% and a specificity of 96.2%. Conclusion:The combination of multi-parametric MRI with miR-143 further improves the predictive performance for residual tumors after CCRT, which contributes to the personalized treatment of cervical cancer.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1179-1184, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868384

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of radiomics features extracted from multi-parameter MRI (mp-MRI) in preoperative prediction of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) and non triple negative breast cancer (NTNBC).Methods:The clinical and preoperative-MRI data of 371 patients with breast cancer confirmed by surgical pathology from January 2017 to July 2019 in Henan Provincial People′s Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Based on the results of immunohistochemistry (IHC) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) from postoperative pathological specimens, the cancer was classified as TNBC and NTNBC. Patients were randomly assigned to a training set ( n=250) and a validation set ( n=121). Quantitative radiomics features were extracted from three-dimensional lesions based on dynamic contrast enhanced-T 1WI (DCE-T 1WI) and fat-suppressed T 2WI sequences, and 32 quantitative radiomics features were selected by Mann-Whitney U test, elastic network, and support vector machine recursive feature elimination. Three radiomics signatures were constructed by using the algorithm of support vector machine based on the quantitative radiomics features extracted from fat-suppressed T 2WI, DCE-T 1WI and the mp-MRI of their combination. The prediction performances were evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the area under the ROC curve, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were calculated. Results:There were 61 patients with TNBC and 310 patients with NTNBC. The clinicopathological characteristics between NTNBC and TNBC were statistically different in the pathological grade (χ2=24.544, P<0.001). Other clinicopathological characteristics (age, maximum diameter of mass, vascular tumor thrombus, axillary lymph nodes) were not statistically differences between NTNBC and TNBC ( P>0.05). The radiomics signature presenting the best performance for predictive TNBC and NTNBC were based on mp-MRI radiomics features. The area under the ROC curve, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were 0.91[95% confidence interval (CI) 0.881-0.932], 86.0%, 84.4% and 86.3% in training set, and 0.84 (95%CI 0.807-0.868), 75.2%, 68.7% and 76.1%, in validation set, respectively. Conclusion:Radiomics based on mp-MRI features can be a effectively potential tool for predictive TNBC and NTNBC breast cancer and provide scientific basis for clinicians to make treatment decisions.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 859-863, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868351

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of mammography-based radiomics for preoperative prediction of axillary lymph node metastasis in breast carcinoma.Methods:The clinical and X-ray data of female patients with pathologically confirmed breast cancer in Henan People′s Hospital from June 2013 to July 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 214 patients, aged 30-85 (53±11) years, were randomly divided into training set ( n=153) and verification set ( n=61) according to the ratio of 3∶1. According to pathological findings of the axillary lymph node metastasis, 99 cases were divided into positive group and 115 cases into negative group. The lesions were segmented and extracted in X-ray images of mediolateral oblique (MLO) and cranial caudal (CC). Three, nine and seven axillary lymph node metastasis related histologic features were selected from the high dimensional features of CC, MLO and CC combined MLO images by lasso regression model. According to the characteristics of imaging and clinical characteristics, the prediction model was constructed. The prediction ability of the model was verified by 10% cross validation. Results:The lymph node in positive group was larger than negative groups, the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.611, P<0.05). In the validation set, the area under curve (AUC) values of CC, MLO, CC combined with MLO images, clinical features and clinical features combined with CC and MLO images were 0.680, 0.723, 0.740, 0.558 and 0.714, respectively. Among them, CC combined with MLO images had the highest prediction efficiency, and AUC values were higher than CC alone, MLO images and CC combined with MLO images. Conclusions:Quantitative radiomics features of breast tumor extracted from digital mammograms are helpful for preoperatively predicting axillary lymph node metastasis. Future larger studies are needed to further evaluate these findings.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 225-229, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868275

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of three dimensional T 1 weighted sampling perfection with application-optimized contrasts by using different flip angle evolutions (3D T 1-SPACE) combined with three dimensional time of flight MR angiography (3D-TOF MRA) in the follow-up of stent-assisted coil embolization for intracranial aneurysm. Methods:From December 2017 to October 2018, 25 patients with intracranial aneurysm who underwent stent-assisted coil embolization in Henan Provincial People′s Hospital were enrolled. All of them had wide neck intracranial aneurysms and were followed up for 6 to 10 months after endovascular treatment using 3D-TOF MRA, 3D T 1-SPACE sequence and DSA. The DSA and 3D-TOF MRA were performed to evaluate aneurysm remnants using Raymond grade scale. Meanwhile, 3D-TOF MRA and 3D T 1-SPACE sequence were performed to evaluate in-stent lumen visibility using the 4-point scale. The paired sample Wilcoxon test was used to evaluate the aneurysm remnants and the parent artery patency. DSA was used as the gold standard to calculate the specificity and accuracy of the aneurysm remnants evaluated by 3D-TOF MRA. Results:Six to ten months′ follow up after the procedure, for aneurysm occlusion, the Raymond grade scale of the 25 patients evaluated by DSA indicated grade 1 in 23 patients, 2 in 1 and 3 in 1. For patients evaluated by 3D-TOF MRA, the results demonstrated grade 1 in 21 patients, 2 in 3 and 3 in 1. There was no difference between the 2 methods ( Z=-0.557, P=0.577). The in-stent lumens of parent vessel evaluated by 3D-TOF MRA showed that there were 14 patients with grade 3, 8 patients with grade 2 and 3 patients with grade 1. However, 3D T 1-SPACE demonstrated that all 25 patients were grade 4. The 3D T 1-SPACE was superior to evaluate the in-stent lumens than 3D-TOF MRA ( Z=-4.484, P<0.001). Taking DSA as standard, the specificity and accuracy of the aneurysm remnants evaluated by 3D-TOF MRA were 86.9% (20/23) and 84.0% (21/25), respectively. Conclusion:3.0 T 3D T 1-SPACE MR sequence can be used to assess parent artery patency, with in-stent lumen being clearly visible. 3D-TOF MRA can evaluate intracranial aneurysm remnants. The combination of these two MRI imaging techniques can be used as an optional follow-up evaluation after the endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 257-261, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707926

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the damage of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) quantitatively by using reduced-filed-of-view DTI (rfov-DTI) together with optical coherence tomography(OCT).Methods Thirty four patients(68 eyes,Patient group)and 33 healthy controls (66 eyes, Control group) were enrolled in this study. Measures of rfov-DTI and OCT of both eyes in all subjects were performed by 3.0 MRI. The difference of fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), axial diffusivity (λ//) and radial diffusivity (λ⊥) were compared by two independent sample t test. The peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in temporal and lateral nose, which data don't conform to normal distribution, were calculated by average and four quadrants and compared by Mann-Whitney U test,the average RNFL thickness and RNFL thickness in low quadrant and upper quadrant were compared by two independent sample t test.Spearman rank were performed to determine the correlation between DTI parameters of optic nerves (ONs) and RNFL thickness. Results The value of FA, MD, λ//, λ⊥, average, temporalside, nasal side, low quadrant and upper quadrant RNFL thickness in patient group were 0.445±0.078,(1.330±0.236)×10-3mm2/s,(5.502±0.263)×10-3mm2/s,(4.494±0.238)×10-3mm2/s,(104.7± 25.4)μm,(104.0±31.0)μm,(65.0±25.0)μm,(122.0±33.3)μm,and(117.4±37.7)μm respectively and the data in control group were 0.581±0.043,(1.079±0.146)×10-3mm2/s,(5.349±0.214)×10-3mm2/s,(4.195±0.126)× 10-3mm2/s, (101.2 ± 10.6)μm, (70.0 ± 10.8)μm, (81.3 ± 13.4)μm, (127.3 ± 12.5)μm, (126.3 ± 11.5)μm respectively.Compared with the control group,the value of MD,λ//,λ⊥were significantly higher but FA was significantly lower (t=-12.388, 7.394, 3.695, 9.062;all P<0.01). The temporal RNFL was significantly thicker while the nasal RNFL was much thinner than that in control group respectively(Z=-8.384,-4.518;all P<0.01);the average, low quadrant and upper quadrant RNFL thickness showed no significant differences compared with the control group(t=-1.217,-1.843, 1.049;P=0.227, 0.069, 0.297).Especially,there was a weak correlation between the temporal RNFL thickness and FA(r=0.268,P=0.029),however,no correlation of nasal RNFL thickness with mean FA was found(r=0.164,P=0.186). Conclusions rFOV-DTI together with OCT can provide information about the pathology of RGC axon disease in patients with RP.there is a weak correlation between the retinal nerve fiber layer and the pathological changes of optic nerve in the retinal ganglion cells,but the performance were not coincident.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 113-118, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707904

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of various diffusion parameters obtained from monoexponential, biexponential and stretched exponential diffusion-weighted imaging models in assessing hepatic fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B(CHB). Methods A total of 52 patients who were diagnosed hepatitis B by the markers of hepatitis and were confirmed by liver biopsy pathology were prospectively recruited between June 2014 and May 2016 in People's Hospital of Henan Province. Concomitantly, 30 healthy volunteers who had no history of hepatitis B and liver dysfunction were enrolled in the control group. All patients underwent multi-b values DWI on a 3.0 T MRI unit. ADC was calculated by using the monoexponential model. True diffusion coefficient(Dt),pseudo diffusion coefficient(Dp)and fraction of perfusion(f)were calculated by using the biexponential model.Distributed diffusion coefficient(DDC)and water molecular diffusion heterogeneity index(α)were calculated by using the stretched exponential model. Liver biopsy specimens were staged according to the degree of hepatic fibrosis (S0 to S4). The Kruskal-Wallis test was employed for the comparison of each parameter among the control group and the fibrosis stage groups. The Mann-Whitney U test was adopted to compare each parameter between fibrosis stage≤S1and≥S2,between≤S2 and≥S3.Spearman rank correlation coefficients were obtained to assess the correlation of the parameters with the fibrosis stages.ROC analysis was used to evaluate the performance of various parameters in predicting stage≥S2 and≥S3.Results The hepatic fibrosis stage distributions were as follows:1 cases with S0,9 cases with S1,22 cases with S2,11 cases with S3,9 cases with S4.ADC,Dt,f and DDC values all showed significant difference among the control group and groups S1,S2,S3,S4(all P<0.05), while Dp and α values showed no significant difference(P>0.05). Dt, DDC and ADC showed a moderate negative correlation with the fibrosis stage(r=-0.630,-0.603 and-0.464,respectively,all P<0.01),and f showed a mild negative correlation with the fibrosis stage(r=-0.379,P<0.05),while Dp and α values showed no correlation with the fibrosis stages(all P>0.05).The ADC, Dt, f and DDC values all showed significant difference between stage≥S2 and≤S1,between stage≥S3 and≤S2(all P<0.05),and the parameter values of the former were greater than those of the latter. While Dp and α values showed no significant difference among both groups(all P>0.05).The AUCs of ADC,Dt,f and DDC values for detecting fibrosis stage ≥S2 were 0.738,0.835,0.740 and 0.831, and the AUCs of ADC, Dt, f and DDC values for detecting fibrosis stage≥S3 were 0.716, 0.811, 0.672 and 0.798. Conclusion The Dt derived from biexponential and DDC derived from stretched exponential DWI could be useful for the staging of hepatic fibrosis in CHB.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 902-905, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666193

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the classification of gliomas according to the theory and method of radiomics. Methods In this study, 161 pathologically confirmed glioma patients were retrospectively selected from 2012 to 2016 including 52 low-grade gliomas and 109 high-grade gliomas.Three hundred and forty-six quantization features were extracted from the MRI images, including shape, density, texture and wavelet imaging features. Mutual information and logistic regression model were used to select feature reduction and prediction model. The predictive ability of the model was validated using 10-fold cross-validation. Results Nineteen radiomics features were chosen from 346 quantization features. The sensitivity of the model was 96.3% (105/109), the specificity was 78.8% (41/52), the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.952 7, and the accuracy was 90.7%(146/161). Conclusion The solution proposed in this paper showed that radiomics can non-invasively and quickly provide an adjunct to the clinical grade of glioma with high accuracy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664851

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of mammogram texture analysis in prediction of metastasis of axillary lymph nodes for breast carcinoma.Methods Mammograms and clinical data of 171 patients with breast carcinoma confirmed by pathology were retrospectively analyzed,and all patients underwent axillary lymph node dissection (ALND).Then the patients were divided into axillary lymph node metastasis group and non-metastasis group according to the result of ALND.The texture features of these lesions were statistically analyzed,including gray-level histogram texture parameters (mean value,standard deviation,skewness,kurtosis and variance) and gray-level co-occurrence matrix texture parameters (energy,entropy,correlation,inertia,inverse difference moment and contrast).Results In all of 171 breast cancer patients,96patients had axillary lymph node metastasis,while 75 patients had no metastasis.Mammograms showed negative axillary lymph nodes in 119 patients and positive axillary lymph nodes in 52 patients,and the sensitivity and specificity of mammograms in the diagnosis of positive axillary lymph nodes was 48.96% (47/96) and 93.33% (70/75),respectively.Mammogram texture analysis showed the values of energy,entropy,inverse difference moment and correlation in axillary lymph node metastasis group were higher than those in non-metastasis group,while the values of inertia and contrast in the axillary lymph node metastasis group were lower than those in non-metastasis group (all P<0.05).The rest texture parameters had no significant differences between two groups (all P>0.05).Area under curve (AUC) for texture parameters of energy,entropy,inertia,inverse difference moment,correlation and contrast was 0.610,0.610,0.374,0.599,0.612 and 0.421 (all P<0.05),respectively.AUC of mammography,mammogram texture features,and the combination of mammography and texture features was 0.711,0.676 and 0.787 (all P<0.05),respectively.The sensitivity and specificity of mammogram texture features,the combination of mammography and texture features in diagnosis of axillary lymph nodes metastasis was 62.5% and 64.6%,66.7% and 82.7%,respectively.Conclusion Mammogram texture parameters are helpful for predicting axillary lymph node metastasis,and the combination of mammography and texture features can improve diagnostic efficiency of axillary lymph node metastasis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging ; (12): 30-34,40, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600585

ABSTRACT

Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic value of non-contrast-enhanced MR venography (NCE-MRV) for Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). Materials and Methods NCE-MRV and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) examination were performed in thirty-five patients with suspected BCS. The diagnostic agreement between them were compared. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, negative predictive value and positive predictive value were also calculated. Results In all 35 patients, 32 were diagnosed as BCS on DSA, and 33 on NCE-MRV. DSA showed inferior vena cava membrane stenosis in 8 patients compared to 10 on NCE-MRV;membrane obstruction in 7 compared to 6 on NCE-MRV, segmental stenosis in 3 compared to 4 on NCE-MRV;segmental obstruction in 10 compared to 10 on NCE-MRV, IVC thrombosis in 5 compared to 5 on NCE-MRV. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, negative predictive value and positive predictive value of NCE-MRV in diagnosing BCS were 100.0%, 67.8%, 97.1%, 100.0%and 96.9%, respectively. There was good intra-modality agreement (Kappa=0.89). NCE-MRV also demonstrated intra-hepatic collaterals in 30 patients, extra-hepatic collaterals in 27 cases, and accessory hepatic veins in 25 cases. Conclusion NCE-MRV has excellent diagnostic agreement with DSA in diagnosing inferior vena cava lesion in patients with BCS. It may be used in noninvasive diagnosis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432137

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the expression of purinergic receptor P2X ligand-gated ion channel 7 (P2X7R) on different cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) and to investigate its correlation with inflammatory cytokines in patients with SLE.Methods Flow cytometry was used to detect surface expression of P2X7R on lymphocytes,CD4+ cells,and CD19+ cell in 29 SLE patients and 28 healthy human controls to compare the difference between the SLE patients and the controls in P2X7R expression.Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was performed to detect P2X7R-related serum cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β,IL-6,tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α level.T test,Wilcoxon rank sum test,Spearman's correlation analysis were used for statitical analysis.Results ① SLE patients had significantly higher expression of P2X7R on CD4+,CD8+ lymphocytes compared to controls [CD4+ cells∶ 2.21(3.55) vs 0.89(1.15),Z=-1.527,P=0.015; CD19+ cells∶ 11.53(20.01) vs 6.66 (6.27),Z=-2.091,P=0.037]; ② The levels of three cytokines in patients with SLE were significantly higher than those in control.The positive relationship between P2X7R expression in lymphocytes with the serum IL-6 level was found in SLE patients (r=0.449,P=0.015);③ Patients with arthritis showed significantly higher expression of P2X7R on lym-phocytes compared to patients without arthritis (Z=-2.772,P=0.006).The expression of P2X7R on lymphocytes and CD19+ cell was significantly positively correlated with the SLEDAI score.Positive correlation with anti-β2GP Ⅰ in lymphocyteswas also found.Conclusion P2X7R may mediate the release of inflammatory cytokines involved in the pathogenesis of SLE,and may participate the development of arthritis,lupus nephritis and NPSLE in SLE patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432063

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of this study was to use diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) alone or in combination to observe the distribution of white matter lesions and cortical malfunctional areas in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients with mild cognitive decline and to explore the relationship between the DTI and the rs-fMRI methods.Methods Twenty-six HIV infected patients with mild cognitive impairment and 30 healthy volunteers were selected by Montreal Cognitive Asessment (MoCA) scale evaluation.DTI data and rs-fMRI data were obtained,fractional anisotropy (FA) value images were obtained with voxel based analysis and the resting-state default mode network (DMN),functional connectivity images were obtained with cingulate gyrus as a seed point.Overlay images were obtained with FA,DMN and Ch2 standard images.Results Compared with the control group,the white matter FA values were significantly decreased in the left precuneus(t=4.0499,P<0.005) and right precuneus (t=5.1553,P<0.005),right superior frontal gyrus(t=5.1517,5.1484,P<0.005),right middle frontal gyrus (t=4.1444,P<0.005),right precentral gyrus (t=3.7395,P<0.005),right occipital lobe (t=7.2236,P<0.005),and right inferior parietal lobule (t=4.1450,P<0.005) in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients.In resting-state default mode network,areas significantly related to cingulate gyrus seed point included the left cingulate gyrus (t =32.78,P<0.005),left precuneus (t =4.51,P<0.005),left superior frontal gyrus (t =14.33,4.53,P<0.005),left middle temporal gyrus (t =10.01,5.72,P< 0.005),left inferior temporal gyrus (t =5.99,P<0.005),left parahippocampal gyrus (t =7.63,P<0.005),right posterior cingulate (t =34.81,P<0.005),right precuneus (t=32.09,P<0.005),right superior frontal gyrus(t =14.12,P<0.005),right middle frontal gyrus (t=17.71,P<0.005),right superior temporal gyrus (t=14.59,P<0.005),and right middle temporal gyrus (t=11.83,P<0.005); while areas not significantly related to the cingulate gyrus seed point included the left precuneus (t =5.39,P<0.01),left anterior cingulate gyrus (t =3.66,P<0.01),left cerebellar tonsils (t =7.51,P<0.01),right superior parietal lobule (t=4.44,P<0.01),right parahippocampa gyrus (t =3.69,P<0.01),and right cerebellar tonsil (t=6.15,P<0.01).Overlayed images showed that the white matter FA value of the left precuneus were decreased and the functional activitis of the corresponding cortex were significantly decreased; while the white matter FA values of the left precuneus,right precuneus,right superior frontal gyrus,right middle frontal gyrus were decreased without affection of the functional activity of the corresponding cortex in AIDS patients.Conclusion White matter nerve fiber disconnection of multiple brain regions and its corresponding cortical function decline with compensatory activity co-participated in the pathogenesis of AIDS mild cognitive decline.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 19-22, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417855

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the value of MR diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of optic nerve in the estimation of optic nerve changes of primary chronic angle-closure glaucoma (PCACG).Methods Twenty-five patients with PCACG including monocular involvement in 4 patients and binocular involvement in 21 patients and involving 46 eyes in which 24 right eyes and 22 1eft eyes,and 20 normal volunteers were enrolled.Conventional MRI and DTI were performed on all subjects using Magnetom Tim 3.0 T MRI.Fractional anisotropy( FA),mean diffusivity ( MD),axial diffusivities ( λ ∥ ) and radial diffusivities ( λ ⊥ )were measured and then compared between patients group and control group and between left eyes and right eyes.Two independent samples t-test and paired t-test were used.ResultsOn conventional MRI,thinner optic nerve with vaginal cavity widened slightly was found in 8 optic nerves of 6 patients.The value of FA,λ∥,λ⊥ and MD of 24 right optic nerves in patient group was(0.27 ± 0.09) × 10-3,(2.30 ±0.26) × 10 - 3,( 1.55 ± 0.35 ) × 10 - 3,and ( 1.80 ± 0.31 ) × 10 - 3 mm2/s respectively and that of 22 left optic nerves was (0.24 ± 0.09) × 10-3,(2.25 ± 0.41) × 10-3,(1.61 ± 0.46) × 10-3,and (1.82 ±0.47) × 10-3mm2/s respectively.The FA of optic nerve in patient group was lower than that of control group (P <0.05 ),while the meanλ∥,λ ⊥ and MD values was obviously higher than control group (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference between right and left optic nerves in patient gro up ( P >0.05).ConclusionsDTI could detect abnormality and provide information about the pathological process of optic nerve in patients with PCACG.

15.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 224-228, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414137

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the frequencies of CD4+CXCR5+T cells in the CD4+T cells of peripheral blood of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and the effect of glucocorticoid on it.Methods Frequencies of CD4+CXCR5+T cell were analyzed by flow cytometry in 45 active,20 inactive SLE patients and 20 healthy controls.Differences between groups and the effect of glucocorticoid were analyzed.Meanwhile, the expression of CXCR5 on CDI9+B cells was analyzed. Independent sample t test was used for statistical analysis between twogroups, ANOVA was applied for data analysis between 3 groups,,nonparameterical Spearman's analysis was used for correlation analysis and repeated measurement ANOVA were used to compare the parameters before and after treatment. Results The percentage of CD4+CXCR5+ in CD4+T cells was increased in patients with SLE compared with healthy controls[(16±7)% vs (12±3)%, P<0.01].It was increased in patients with active SLE [(18±7)%] compared with healthy controls (P<0.05) but there was no significant difference between inactive SLE[(11±4)%] and healthy controls(P>0.05). The percentage in patients with LN was higher than that in patients without LN, but without significant difference[(18±7)%vs (14±7)%, P=0.05 ]. The percentage of CD4+CXCR5+T cells was positively correlated with SLEDAI,the titer of ANA and level of ESR but negatively correlated with the level of C3 (P<0.05 for each).No correlation was found between duration and the levels of CRP and immunoglobulin.. The percentage in patients with high anti-dsDNA group was also higher than that of the low group, but no differences were found between anti-Sm antibody positive and negative groups neither between anti-SSA/SSB antibody positive and negative groups(P>0.05 for each).The expression level of CXCR5 on CD19+B cells in active SLE patients was lower than that of healthy controls[(85±11)% vs (94±3)%, P<0.05 ]. The percentages of CD4+CXCR5+T cells in 10 untreated active SLE patients were decreased at day 1,day 3 and day 7 after being treated with dexamethasone (20mg/d) when compared with those before the treatment (P<0.05 for each), but the percentages of CD19+CXCR5+B cells had no significant change (P>0.05 for each).Conclusion These results demonstrate that the abnormality of CD4+CXCR5+T cells may play an important role in the pathogenesis of SLE.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL