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1.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 91-98, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009801

ABSTRACT

Variations in the dynein axonemal heavy chain gene, dynein axonemal heavy chain 6 (DNAH6), lead to multiple morphological abnormalities of the flagella. Recent studies have reported that these deficiencies may result in sperm head deformation. However, whether DNAH6 is also involved in human acrosome biogenesis remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate DNAH6 gene variants and their potential functions in the formation of defective sperm heads and flagella. Whole-exome sequencing was performed on a cohort of 375 patients with asthenoteratozoospermia from the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University (Hefei, China). Hematoxylin and eosin staining, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy were performed to analyze the sperm morphology and ultrastructure. Immunofluorescence staining and Western blot analysis were conducted to examine the effects of genetic variants. We identified three novel deleterious variants in DNAH6 among three unrelated families. The absence of inner dynein arms and radial spokes was observed in the sperm of patients with DNAH6 variants. Additionally, deficiencies in the acrosome, abnormal chromatin compaction, and vacuole-containing sperm heads were observed in these patients with DNAH6 variants. The decreased levels of the component proteins in these defective structures were further confirmed in sperm from patients with DNAH6 variants using Western blot. After intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment, the partner of one patient with a DNAH6 variant achieved successful pregnancy. Overall, novel variants in DNAH6 genes that contribute to defects in the sperm head and flagella were identified, and the findings indicated ICSI as an effective clinical treatment for such patients.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2086-2106, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982827

ABSTRACT

As confusion mounts over RNA isoforms involved in phenotypic plasticity, aberrant CpG methylation-mediated disruption of alternative splicing is increasingly recognized as a driver of intratumor heterogeneity (ITH). Protease serine 3 (PRSS3), possessing four splice variants (PRSS3-SVs; PRSS3-V1-V4), is an indispensable trypsin that shows paradoxical effects on cancer development. Here, we found that PRSS3 transcripts and their isoforms were divergently expressed in lung cancer, exhibiting opposing functions and clinical outcomes, namely, oncogenic PRSS3-V1 and PRSS3-V2 versus tumor-suppressive PRSS3-V3, by targeting different downstream genes. We identified an intragenic CpG island (iCpGI) in PRSS3. Hypermethylation of iCpGI was mediated by UHRF1/DNMT1 complex interference with the binding of myeloid zinc finger 1 (MZF1) to regulate PRSS3 transcription. The garlic-derived compound diallyl trisulfide cooperated with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine to exert antitumor effects in lung adenocarcinoma cells through site-specific iCpGI demethylation specifically allowing MZF1 to upregulate PRSS3-V3 expression. Epigenetic silencing of PRSS3-V3 via iCpGI methylation (iCpGIm) in BALF and tumor tissues was associated with early clinical progression in patients with lung cancer but not in those with squamous cell carcinoma or inflammatory disease. Thus, UHRF1/DNMT1-MZF1 axis-modulated site-specific iCpGIm regulates divergent expression of PRSS3-SVs, conferring nongenetic functional ITH, with implications for early detection of lung cancer and targeted therapies.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1648-1659, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982797

ABSTRACT

Peptides are increasingly important resources for biological and therapeutic development, however, their intrinsic susceptibility to proteolytic degradation represents a big hurdle. As a natural agonist for GLP-1R, glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) is of significant clinical interest for the treatment of type-2 diabetes mellitus, but its in vivo instability and short half-life have largely prevented its therapeutic application. Here, we describe the rational design of a series of α/sulfono-γ-AA peptide hybrid analogues of GLP-1 as the GLP-1R agonists. Certain GLP-1 hybrid analogues exhibited enhanced stability (t 1/2 > 14 days) compared to t 1/2 (<1 day) of GLP-1 in the blood plasma and in vivo. These newly developed peptide hybrids may be viable alternative of semaglutide for type-2 diabetes treatment. Additionally, our findings suggest that sulfono-γ-AA residues could be adopted to substitute canonical amino acids residues to improve the pharmacological activity of peptide-based drugs.

4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 281-285, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970995

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to explore the optimal timing of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in patients presenting benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). A retrospective analysis was conducted based on the perioperative and postoperative outcome data of 1212 patients who underwent HoLEP in Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital (Shanghai, China) between January 2009 and December 2018. According to the preoperative International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), all patients whom we analyzed were divided into Group A (IPSS of 8-18) and Group B (IPSS of 19-35). Peri- and postoperative outcome data were obtained during the 1-year follow-up. IPSS changes were the main postoperative outcomes. The postoperative IPSS, quality of life, peak urinary flow rate, postvoid residual, and overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS) improved significantly. The IPSS improved further in the group with severe LUTS symptoms, but the postoperative IPSS was still higher than that in the moderate LUTS group. OABSSs showing moderate and severe cases after follow-up were more frequent in Group B (9.1%) than in Group A (5.2%) (P < 0.05). There were no significant intergroup differences in the intraoperative American Society of Anesthesiologists or hospitalization expense scores, and the medication costs, as well as the total costs, were significantly higher in Group B. In this retrospective study, HoLEP was an effective treatment for symptomatic BPH. For patients with LUTS, earlier surgery in patients with moderate severity may result in a marginally better 12-month IPSS than that in men with severe symptoms.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Holmium , Quality of Life , China , Treatment Outcome , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/surgery , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use
5.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 54-59, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928566

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the change in asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) in the circulation system of full-term infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) and its association with treatment response, as well as the possibility of ADMA as a therapeutic target and a marker for treatment response.@*METHODS@#A prospective study was performed. A total of 30 full-term neonates who were diagnosed with PPHN within 3 days after birth were enrolled as the PPHN group, and the neonates without PPHN, matched for gestational age and age, who were treated or observed in the department of neonatology were enrolled as the control group. Serum samples were collected on days 1, 7, and 14 of treatment. The high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was used to measure the serum concentrations of L-arginine, ADMA, and its isomer symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA).@*RESULTS@#For the neonates in the control group, the serum concentrations of ADMA and L-arginine continuously increased and the serum concentration of SDMA continuously decreased within the first 14 days of treatment. On days 1 and 14, there was no significant difference in the serum concentration of ADMA between the control and PPHN groups (P>0.05). On day 7, the PPHN group had a significantly higher serum concentration of ADMA than the control group (P<0.05), while there were no significant differences in serum concentrations of SDMA or L-arginine (P>0.05). Moreover, after 7 days of treatment, the PPHN neonates with a systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (sPAP) of >35 mmHg had a significantly higher serum concentration of ADMA than those with an sPAP of ≤35 mm Hg.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are continuous increases in the ADMA concentration and the ADMA/SDMA ratio in the circulation system of full-term infants within the first 2 weeks after birth, and this process is accelerated by the pathological process of PPHN, suggesting that ADMA may be involved in the pathologic process of PPHN. A high level of ADMA is associated with the resistance to PPHN treatment, suggesting that inhibition of ADMA might be a potential target of drug intervention to improve the treatment response of PPHN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Arginine/analogs & derivatives , Biomarkers , Hypertension, Pulmonary/drug therapy , Prospective Studies
6.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 350-355, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955265

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the expression of zonula occludens-1(ZO-1) in neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and to explore the effects of disialyllacto-N-tetraose (DSLNT), a compound extracted from human milk, on the intestinal barriers in rat model of NEC.Methods:(1) Human study: From Feb 2013 to Dec 2020, the pathological samples of ileum tissue from 21 neonates (12 patients with NEC and 9 with intestinal atresia) from Pathology Department of our hospital were collected. The expressions of ZO-1 in these samples were examined using immunohistochemistry (IHC) method. (2) Animal study: A total of 28 newborn rats were randomly assigned into control group ( n=8), NEC group ( n=10) and DSLNT+NEC group ( n=10). Experimental NEC model was established based on hypoxia (95%N 2 10 min) /cold exposure (4 ℃ 10 min) three times a day for consecutive 3 days. DSLNT+NEC group were fed with formula+DLSNT (300 μmol/L) during hypoxia/cold exposure. All the surviving rats were sacrificed at the end of the experiment (72 h) and the terminal ileum tissues were collected. Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) staining was used to evaluate tissue damage and Western blotting was used to determine the expressions of ZO-1. (3) Cellular study: Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to establish a cellular inflammation model in human intestinal epithelial cell lines (Caco-2) and DSLNT (300 μmol/L) was applied to this model. Thiazolyl blue assay was used to examine cell viabilities and immunofluorescence assay was used to detect ZO-1 expression. The effects of DSLNT on cell growth and tight junctions of Caco-2 cells were analyzed. Results:(1)Human study: The villi of mucous layer of the lesion were damaged in NEC patients. ZO-1 expressions at the epithelial junction of NEC patients were decreased compared with intestinal atresia patients and non-lesion intestines of NEC patients. (2)Animal study: Apical extrusion, necrosis and shedding of epithelial cell were seen at the lesions in NEC group. The expression of ZO-1 in NEC group was significantly lower than the control group and DSNLT+NEC group ( P<0.05).DSNLT+NEC group had higher survival rates (8/10 vs. 6/10) and lower ileum inflammatory pathological scores [2.0(1.0, 2.8) vs. 3.5(3.0, 4.0)] than NEC group. (3) Cellular study: Caco-2 cells exposed to LPS showed inhibited cell growth and decreased ZO-1 immunofluorescence staining. Caco-2 cells in the DSLNT+LPS group showed better viability than LPS group and were comparable with the control group. The expression of ZO-1 was significantly increased in the DSLNT+LPS group. Conclusions:Tight junction injury of the intestinal epithelial cell is an important characteristic of NEC. ZO-1 is a potential target for the prevention and treatment of NEC. DSLNT may protect the neonatal intestines by modulating the expression of ZO-1 and keeping tight junction integrity.

7.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 787-792, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922158

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the safety and clinical efficiency of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in the treatment of small-volume BPH (SBPH) complicated by severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data on 82 cases of SBPH with severe LUTS treated by HoLEP from January 2017 to December 2018. The patients were aged (65.5 ± 7.6) years, with a mean prostate volume of <40 ml, a total IPSS of 24.8 ± 4.6, a QOL score of 5.2 ± 0.8, the maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax) of (7.6 ± 3.7) ml/s, and a mean PSA level of (1.8 ± 1.4) μg/L.@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successfully completed, the mean operation time averaging (30.2 ± 5.0) min, enucleation time (26.7 ± 5.6) min and comminution time (3.5 ± 1.1) min, and the enucleated tissue weighing (20.3 ± 4.9) g. After surgery, the bladders were irrigated for (3.5 ± 1.9) h, with (3.0 ± 1.7) L of rinse solution, and catheterization lasted (24.8 ± 9.7) h. Histopathology revealed moderate or severe lymphocytic infiltration in 69 cases (84.1%). At 6 months after operation, significant improvement was observed in the IPSS, QOL, Qmax and PSA level compared with the baseline (P < 0.05). To date, no urethral stricture-related reoperation was ever necessitated.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HoLEP is safe and effective for the treatment of SBPH complicated by severe LUTS and can be employed after adequate preoperative evaluation of the patient.《.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Lasers, Solid-State , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/surgery , Prostate/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies
8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1257-1260, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879480

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carried out prenatal diagnosis and genetic analysis for a case with Nail-patella syndrome.@*METHODS@#Based on the clinical phenotype and prenatal imaging, genetic testing and prenatal diagnosis were carried out through whole exome sequencing (WES) and Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Analysis of amniotic fluid showed that the fetus has carried a heterozygous c.139+1G>T splicing site variant [Chr9(GRCh37): g.129376868G>T] of the LMX1B gene, which was verified by Sanger sequencing. The same heterozygous variant was found in the pregnant woman, her daughter and her mother but not in her husband. Searching of HGMD database showed that the c.139+1G>T was previously unreported.@*CONCLUSION@#Nail-patella syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder with various clinical manifestations. WES is helpful for its genetic and prenatal diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Heterozygote , Mutation , Nail-Patella Syndrome/genetics , Pedigree , Prenatal Diagnosis , Exome Sequencing
9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 206-209, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745575

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety and efficacy of holmium laser transurethral enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) for large volume of prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with navigation of ultrasonic anatomical landmarks.Methods Data of 242 patients with BPH (≥ 80 cm3) underwent domestic HoLEP from Jan.2016 to Jan.2018 were retrospectively analyzed.General data,IPSS,QOL,prostate volume,PSA were assessed.Their average volume of prostate was (103.2 ± 21.4) cm3,the average PSA was (2.6 ± 1.4) ng/ml,the residual urine volume was (105 ± 75) ml,Qmax was (6.4 ± 5.2) nd/s,IPSS score was 22.5 ± 5.3 and QOL score was 4.8 ± 1.2.Result All patients were completed the operation successfully and their LUTS indicators were greatly improved.The enucleation time was between 25 and 80 min,average (49.0 ± 12.2) min;the mass of wet weight of gland was (70.5 ± 15.3) g;the removal efficiency was (1.6 ±0.3) g/min.The IPSS score dropped to 14.8 ± 6.5,P < 0.01;QOL score dropped to 2.6 ± 1.5,P < 0.01;PSA dropped to (1.1 ± 1.2) ng/ml,P < 0.01;the maximum urinary flow rate growth to (16.5 ±7.1) ml/s,P <0.01.Conclusion For large volume of prostatic hyperplasia,holmium laser transurethral enucleation with ultrasonic navigation surgery is safe and efficient.

10.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 22-25, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792690

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of serum CEA and CA19-9 concentration for clinical staging of colorectal cancer. Methods A total of 350 patients who underwent the surgical treatments for colorectal cancer between February 2015 to January 2017 were enrolled. The serum CEA and CA19-9 were detected by chemoluminescence method. Results The positive rate of CEA of patients in stageⅠto Ⅳ was 25.00%, 36.69%, 50.78% and 66.67%, respectively. The positive rate of CA19-9 of patients in stageⅠto Ⅳwas 2.94%, 10.07%, 17.97% and 53.33%, respectively. The positive rates of CEA and CA19-9 were gradually increased with the stage developing (P<0.05). Results from multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the positive levels of CEA and CA19-9 were risk factors in the TNM staging of colorectal cancer. The ORs and 95%CI were 1.790 (1.163-2.755)and 3.476(1.790-6.749), respectively. Conclusion The positive serum concentrations of CEA and CA19-9 showed significant associations with TNM staging. Preoperative serum concentrations of CEA and CA 19-9 could be auxiliary diagnostic indicators to assess the condition of colorectal cancer.

11.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 133-137, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775207

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the safety and effectiveness of shovel-shaped electrode transurethral plasmakinetic enucleation of the prostate (PKEP) with those of plasmakinetic resection of the prostate (PKRP) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data about 78 BPH patients received in Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital from June 2016 to January 2017, 39 treated by shovel-shaped electrode PKEP and the other 39 by PKRP. We observed the patients for 6 months postoperatively and compared the effects and safety of the two surgical strategies.@*RESULTS@#No statistically significant difference was observed between the PKEP and PKRP groups in the operation time ([69.3 ± 8.8] vs [72.2 ± 7.9] min, P = 0.126), but the former, as compared with the latter, showed a markedly less postoperative loss of hemoglobin ([3.9 ± 2.8] vs [13.9 ± 5.2] g/L, P 0.05) and other postoperative complications.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both PKEP and PKRP are effective methods for the treatment of BPH, but PKEP is worthier of clinical recommendation for a better safety profile, more thorough removal of the prostate tissue, less blood loss, shorter hospital stay, and better improved quality of life of the patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , China , Electrodes , Equipment Design , Prostatic Hyperplasia , General Surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Methods , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 295-296, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705317

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the five most malignant cancer. ZX-1201 is one of the active constituents in Alismatis Rhizoma,a well-known traditional Chinese medi-cine with a wide variety of pharmacological properties including diuretic,anti-hyperlipidemic,anti-atheroscle-rotic,anti-cancer,anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative activities.We investigated the inhibitory effect of ZX-1201 on pancreatic cancer and the relevant molecular mechanism in vitro and in vivo. ZX-1201 inhibited the growth and metastasis of PANC-1 cells in BALB/c nude mice significantly.ZX-1201 inhibited the function of AQP1 via directly interaction and involved in the reversion process of ZX-1201 on TGF-β1. CTGF was an important protein in the reversion process of ZX-1201 on TGF-β1.ZX-1201 inhibited the migration of PANC-1 and CPFAC-1 cells induced by TGF-β1in vitro.ZX-1201 reversed the down-regu-lated of epithelial markers and up-regulated of mesenchymal markers, as well as the up-regulated of Snail and p-Smad2/3 induced by TGF-β1.And ZX-1201 reversed Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition by down-regulating AQP1 and inhibiting translocation of β-catenin, the promotor of CTGF. According to these,ZX-1201 inhibited the migration of pancreatic cancer cells.We concluded that ZX-1201 inhibited the growth and metastasis of PANC-1 cells in vivo significantly.And AQP1,β-catenin and CTGF were the pivotal proteins in the process of ZX-1201 inhibiting PANC-1 cells migration induced by TGF-β1.

13.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 281-282, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705298

ABSTRACT

In the past two decades,with the increase of smoking population,more and more people are suffering from small cell lung cancer(SCLC).Besides,it is difficult to find an effective way to cure SCLC,since patience can easily develop drug resistance.On the other hand,with the development of science and technology,people began to study the anti-cancer strategy to increase apoptosis,such as inhibiting the overexpression of survival factors.In these survival factors,BCL-2 family has attracted a lot of attention.BH3-only protein is a member of BCL-2 family and it can directly inhibit the expression of BCL-2 protein,thereby prompting apoptosis.Since the BH3-only protein itself is difficult to become a clinical drug, to find alternatives BH3-only protein-BH3 mimetics is particularly important. Plus, more and more researchers have paid attention on the natural BH3 mimetic since it has less side-effect than artificial BH3 mimetics.To find possible BH3 mimetics,we made a primary screening with this pharma-cophore on a small molecular compounds library via Discovery Studio software. And then MTS assay were introduced to verify the activity of compounds. After that, we use Western Blot and Co-IP meth-ods to test the effect of BH3 mimetics.And finally use CDOCKER to predict the further mechanism on autophagy and apoptosis.In our studies, we found 3 possible BH3 mimetics compounds from 170,000 natural small molecular compounds via pharmacophore-based virtual screening.Furthermore,we dem-onstrated AD23,one of the 3 possible natural BH3 mimetics,induced autophagy and apoptosis simulta-neously in dose-time dependence in SCLC cell line. Finally, we use Molecular Docking to predict the further mechanism on autophagy and apoptosis. We believe our works would provide evidences and clues for the structural optimizing and further study of new drugs in the future.

14.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 912-916, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812857

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical effect of "3+1" bladder function restoration combined with holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with acontractile detrusor (ACD).@*METHODS@#We treated 35 BPH patients with ACD by HoLEP followed by "3+1" bladder function restoration, that is, a 3-phase bladder function training plus simultaneous 1-drug medication after surgery. We recorded and analyzed the detrusor pressure, post-void residual urine volume (PVR), maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax), International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) scores, quality of life (QoL), voluntary micturition, satisfaction with the bladder function, hydronephrosis, ureterectasia, renal function, and urinary tract infection of the patients before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the base line, at 6 months treatment, the patients showed significantly increased detrusor pressure ([35.1±2.7]vs [50.2±2.3] cmH2O, P<0.05) and Qmax ([4.2±2.7]vs [21.1±4.1] ml/s, P<0.05) but decreases in PVR ([173.0±31.6] vs [30.5±12.9]ml, IPSS score (27.3±3.2 vs 5.1±1.4, P<0.05) and QoL (4.1±0.8 vs 0.8±0.1, P<0.05), elevated rates of voluntary urination (0% [0/35] vs 100% [35/35], P<0.05), regularurination (0% [0/35] vs 85.71% [30/35], P<0.05), grade Ⅰ satisfaction with bladder function (0% [0/35] vs 85.71% [30/35], P<0.05), reduced rate of overflowing urinary incontinence (28.57% [10/35] vs 5.71% [2/35], P<0.05), and increased percentages of normal renal function (34.29% [12/35] vs 85.71% [30/35], P<0.05) and non-infection of the urinary system (17.14% [6/35] vs 94.29% [33/35], P<0.05). After treatment, urination was markedly improved in 94.29% (33/35) of the patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#"3+1" bladder function restoration combined with HoLEP produced a desirable effect on BPH with ACD, though its long-term effect remains to be further investigated.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Holmium , Laser Therapy , Methods , Lasers, Solid-State , Personal Satisfaction , Prostatic Hyperplasia , General Surgery , Quality of Life , Recovery of Function , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Methods , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Bladder , Physiology , Urination , Physiology
15.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 975-981, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812847

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship of the serum adiponectin level with the development of prostate cancer (PCa) and its influence on the biological characteristics of PCa cells.@*METHODS@#This retrospective case-control study included 45 cases of PCa and 50 non-PCa controls. We analyzed the relationship of the serum adiponectin level with the development of PCa. Using the lentiviral vector, we constructed a stably transfected cell line with adiponectin receptor deficiency, treated the PCa cells with adiponectin, and determined the influence of the adiponectin level on the biological behavior of the PC-3 cells by CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry, tube formation assay and scratch wound healing assay.@*RESULTS@#The level of serum adiponectin was decreased in the PCa patients as compared with the controls and it was negatively correlated with the Gleason scores. Adiponectin suppressed the proliferation, migration and tube formation of the PC-3 cells and inhibited them from transforming into S-stage cells. In the condition of adiponectin receptor deficiency, the PC-3 cells exhibited even greater abilities of proliferation, migration and pro-angiogenesis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The decreased level of the serum adiponectin or deficiency of adiponectin receptor may contribute to the development of prostate cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adiponectin , Blood , Case-Control Studies , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Neoplasm Grading , Prostatic Neoplasms , Blood , Receptors, Adiponectin , Retrospective Studies , Transfection
16.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1475-1478, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696243

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the biological activity of bioactive peptides in human breast milk and to find the polypeptides so as to investigate the preventive and therapeutic effects of breast milk-derived bioactive peptides on neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis(NEC).Methods Six mothers who gave birth to preterm neonates were enrolled in this study and 5 mL of their breast milk secreted within 2-5 postnatal days were collected for 6 times and blended subsequently.Bioactive peptides from maternal milk of the preterm infants were separated by ultrafiltration and analyzed by using tandem mass spectrometry.Polypeptides possibly with biological function were screened out by using bioinformatics software and the protein function cluster online analysis software was used to predict the polypeptides associated with infection according to the biological function of their precursor proteins.The ATCC25922,an Escherichia coli strain commonly associated with infection in NEC and drug solution (sulbactarr/cefoperazone) were used to conduct the drug susceptibility testing and bactericidal kinetics testing,so as to verify the antibacterial effects of bioactive peptides in the breast milk.Results Four thousand three hundred and eleven peptides contained in breast milk were identified successfully,of which 1 370 were non-differential peptides,and 188 peptides possibly with biological activity and 11 peptides were associated with infection.The peptide compound in the breast milk had antimicrobial activity and bactericidal power against Escherichia coli.Conclusions The active peptide compounds in the breast milk have antimicrobial activity,which play an important role in the prevention of NEC.Finding the true antimicrobial peptides with in vivo and in vitro biological activity by using antimicrobial spectrum test is expected.

17.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 36-40, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508420

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of Fascin in early-stage NSCLC, evaluate the relevance between Fascin expression level and prognosis.Methods The immunohistochemistry method was used to assess the expression of Fas-cin in 111 lung cancer FFPE tissues with stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ NSCLC.The relationship between Fascin expression and the clinico-pathological characteristics was analyzed.The prognostic significance of Fascin expression was evaluated with Kaplan-Meier sur-vival analysis.Results In the early-stage of NSCLC, the positive rate of Fascin expression was 64.8%, no expression in the paracarcinoma tissue.The positive rate of squamous cell carcinoma was 78.7% and was significantly higher than that in adeno-carcinoma 48.0%(P<0.01).Whether in squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma group, the expression of Fascin was correlated significantly with lymph node metastasis tumor stages and DFS(P<0.05).And the positive expression of Fascin was an independent risk factor of poor prognosis for patient with NSCLC .Conclusion Fascin is expected to be a biomarker for the prognosis of patients with early-stage NSCLC.

18.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 991-995, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262275

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To evaluate the efficiency and safety of the modified versus conventional morcellation procedure in holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We treated 195 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) by HoLEP, using conventional morcellation for 100 cases and modified morcellation for the other 95. We recorded the morcellation time, the total volume of resected tissue, the rate of morcellation, and associated complications, and compared the data obtained between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The volumes of resected tissue were similar between the conventional and modified morcellation groups ([72.3±19.8] vs [71.1±17.7] g, P>0.05). The morcellation time was significantly longer in the conventional than in the modified morcellation group ([12.8±2.8] vs [8.5±2.0] min, P<0.01), and the morcellation rate was remarkably lower in the former than in the latter ([4.9±1.4] vs [7.1±0.9] g/min, P<0.01). No statistically significant differences were observed in the incidence of complications, bladder injury for instance, between the two groups of patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The modified morcellation procedure can be used for mocellation of various types of tissue, with a higher efficiency than the conventional technique, and therefore deserves wide clinical application.</p>

19.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 367-368, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462155

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the pathogenesis and clinical value of Th1/Th2 and normal intestinal flora from the angle of immunological and intestinal micro environment balance by detecting the plasma interferon-γ(IFN-γ)and interleukin-4(IL-4)and fecal bifidobacteria in Children with Allergic Asthma,so as to provide a theoretical basis through early intervention of probiotics to correct the Th1/Th2 balance.Methods The levels of blood plasma IFN-γ,IL-4 and fecal bifidobacteria amount of 165 cases of chil-dren with allergic asthma and 150 health students as control group were detected by ELISA and real time fluorescence PCR at the same time.Retesting these above indexes after applying bifidobacteria regulation of intestinal flora for 6 months.The clinical relative factors and experimental data were statistically analyzed.Results The level of IFN-γof asthmatic children were remarkably lower than those in the control group(P <0.05),while the level of IL-4 of asthmatic children were remarkably higher than those in the control group(P <0.05),and the amount of bifidobacteria of asthmatic children were remarkably lower than those in the control group(P <0.05).The level of IFN-γand bifidobacteria of asthmatic children improved remarkably and the level of IL-4 decreased significantly after applying bifidobacteria regulation of intestinal flora for 6 months.All of them had remarkable statistically signifi-cant.Conclusion The immune balance was affected by the intestinal flora balance of vice versa.This would provide an important theo-retical support to prevent the occurrence of allergic asthma by the early probiotics regulation of intestinal flora and immune balance.

20.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 2737-2738, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459899

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of chemokine CCL18 in the occurrence and development of children allergic diseases. Methods The serum levels of CCL18 in 87 children cases of allergic asthma,64 cases of allergic rhinitis,46 cases of allergic con-junctivitis and contemporaneous 50 health students with physical examination as the control group were measured by ELISA and re-measured after 6-month treatment.The detection results were statistically analyzed with combining the clinical related detection data by adopting SPSS18.0 statistical software and t-test.Results The serum levels of CCL18 in the children allergic asthma,allergic rhinitis and allergic conjunctivitis groups were remarkably higher than those in the control group with statistical differences(P <0.05);the levels of CCL18 in the severe groups were remarkably higher than those in the mild and moderate groups with statistical difference(P <0.05);the levels of CCL18 after 6-month treatment in 3 groups were significantly decreased compared with before treatment with statistical difference(P <0.05).Conclusion The serum level of CCL18 is significantly associated with the severity of illness and significantly decreased after treatment,which indicating that the CCL18 detection has the important value in the diag-nosis,severity evaluation and treatment effect monitoring of children allergic diseases.

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